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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
June 24, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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June 24, 1911
 

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esg, ro,00 THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK BUSINESS OFFICE: 315 W. MARKHAM ST., LITTLE ROCK, ARK. RT. REV. J. M. LUCEY,V. G., A.B. WATERMAN" Editor Business Manager SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 THE YEAR OFFICIAL APPROVAL. The Sout'hern Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere 'hope that its career may bc long and prosperous.---ffohn B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 1911. CORPUS CHRISTI. On Smlday, the I7th, the Church ordained the ob- servance of the solemn celebration of Corpus Christi the special feast day occurring the previous Thursday. The words Corpus Christi, or hody of Christ. refer to the holy eucharist and the real presence of Christ. It is Catholic faith that Chrust is really present on the altar at Mass under tim form of bread and wine, and is given in holy comnmnion to the faithful who have duly lrepared thenaselves to receive the Sacrament. To understand how all this can be, how it is pos- sible for Christ himself, body and blood, soul and divinity, to be really brought on the the altar for the purpose of sacrifice and sacrament, a few prelimina- ries should receive atention. First of all, everything that exists has a substance and also accidents or qual- ities. The former cannot be changed except by divine power; the second are under the control of man. In the second pace, Christ the Son of God intended at the Last Supper to change the suhstance of the bread and wine into the substance of his own body and bood and, having the power, did so. In the third place, Christ in saying to the apostles, "do his m commemoration of me" delegated to them and their lawful successors the power to do likewise. In the fourth place the history of the church shows that the ministry of the apostles from the formation of the church on Pentecost to the present time have exercised this power. These propositions give fairly well the Catholic idea. It is also proper to call attention to the fact that three-fourths of all who profess any form of tile Christian religion agree in this Catholic doctrine. The Christian population of the world may be safely put at five hundred Inillion, divided as follows: Roman Catholics, 25o,ooo,ooo; the Greek and Russian Church and including all oriental Christians not in union with Rome, I25,ooo,ooo; all Protestaut churches, 125,ooo,- ooo. The Protestants are the only considerable factor in the universal Christian Clmrch in opposition, though sections of the Episcopal, Lutheran and perhaps other Protestant Churches are more Catholic than Protes- tant on this point. When anyone approaches the subject of the holy eucharist to study it, the four preliminaries mentioned above must be taken up in their order. If anyone is under the impression that the senses of he lmman body, sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell, are de- ceived if this doctrine is true, he should read care- fully Dr. Lambert's article on the Real Presence, which was published in the issue of the Southern Guardian of March 25th. There is no deception of the senses. Those, however, who will not believe that every.- thing that exists has a substance and also has acci- dents or qualities, cannot proceed in any investigation of the eucharist as taught by the Catholic Church. Again. if they say that God himself cannot change the substance of one thing into the substance of an- other, it is useless to claim that Christ the Son of God did so. Many, however, accept these things but deny that Christ intended to change the substance of the bread and wine into the substance of his body and bood. They acknowedge that he had the power to do so, but maintain that as a matter of fact, he did not do so, nor did he in consequence delegate such power to the apostles and their successors in the ministry. The controversy will then turn upon the intention of Christ. There is no question of his power It will also be understood that in the eucharist Christ is pres- ent, not as he was physically here on earth, a man of certain weight and height, but as he is now spiritu- ally in heaven. On his resurrection he became spir- itualized as to his lmman body, so that he is now existing in heaven as a spiri, with the same bod, that he had here on earth, but spiritualized. As spirits re- quire no space, a million of spirtis could be on the head of a pin and certainly in the wafer that is con, secrated at the Mass. That Christ at tim last supper intended to change the bread and wine into himself, into his real body and blood, is proven to the satisfaction of Catholics from the sixth chapter of St. John's gospel and from the accounts of the last supper written by the evan- gelists. 11[ the sixth chapter of St. John Christ prom- ised to give something to the world. Let anyone read that chapter as a lawyer would read a text in a law book, constantly keeping before the mind the question what does Christ intefi-d to give, his real flesh and blood, his real self under some form or only a figure or memorial of himself. To a Catholic mind, it is impossible to understand why He, the author of truth, and one who understood the use of language better than any human being, could use the words he there uses and not mean that he intended to give his real body and blood under some form. "Unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood you cannot have life in you. My flesh is meat indeed and my blood is drink indeed." At the last supper Christ, after blessing the bread and wine, declared "This is my body which shall be offered up for you (on Calvary); this is my blood of the New Testament which shall be shed for you and for many for the renfission of sins." And when he said to the apostles do this in commenmraion of me he delegated to them and to their lawful succes- sors the power to do likewise. The form of divine services m the first centuries of the Christian era show that the eucharist was the central feature of the sac- rifice and sacrament of the altar. CHURCHES AND LO.TTERIES. Some years ago the New York Sun made an in- vestigation into the attitude of public men and of the Churches on the question of lotteries. At the present time the Catholic Church is censured some- what hy Protestant sentiment because its members in Church fairs and other occasions for raising money, employ not lottery schemes bnt the simple raffle such as is daily used in mercantile life. In all tlfings of such kind there may be times when Clmrches carry the matter to excess bnt as a rule moderation is prac- riced The Sun came into possession of a lottery ticket signed by George Washington in the "Mountain Road Lottery." There is an entry in the diary of Rt. Rev. Samuel Seabury, the foun'der to an extent of the Methodist Church and of the Protestant Episcopal hierarchy in the United States. in which he ascribes to the blessing of Ahnighty God his having drawn a winmng number in tim "Ifight House and Public Lot- teries of New York." "Tim Presbyterian meeting houses of Amwell and at Bound Brook, the English Church at New Brunswick, St. John's Church at Eliz- abethtown and Trinity Clmrch of Newark, all it[ New Jersey, were all completed with the assistance of lot- teries. In I749, in Philadellflfia, a lottery was estah- lished to raise $6,ooo for the benefit of Nassau Hall, now the College of New Jersey at Princeton; and in 1754, a Pennsylvania paper advertised tickets in a Connecticut lottery for the henefit of the same college. In 1773, that institution in conjunction with the Pres- byterian Church at Princeton. secured by tim same means, $3,I3O. Tile Revolution so impoverished the country that resort was had many times to lotteries to erect public buildings, lfike most of the colleges that came into existence hefore the Revolution, Queen's College (now Rutgers) was compelled to ap- peal to lotteries for help." EDUCA'TION OF 1.VOMEN IN FIRS7" CENTURIF.S OF CHRISTIAN F.RA. It is a pleasing thing for a Catholic paper to state that women in those early times were able to acquire an excellent education. Though some writers, the most notable one, Mr. Gladstone. seems to maintain that the educational elevation of woman was some- thing slow and laborious, tile records of the Christian Clmrch in the first centuries present us with some grand examples of noble and educated women, suffi- ciently so as to make it evident that tim clmrch se- cured for woman in the very beginning, her place of equality at the side of man. St. Thecla. who was converted by St. Paul and about the ),ear 45, and who received her biblical instruction from him, was well versed in profane philosophy and polite literature and was commended for the eloquence, sweetness and modesty of her discourse. St. Catherine, of Alexan- dria, is the patroness of Christian philosophers. She was one of tile noblest and wealthiest ladies of tim city. About tim year 313, when scarcely more than 18 years of age, at the connnand of the Emperor Max- iminms, she met in disputation a company of the abest heathen philosophers, who had been selected to convince her of the error of the Christian faith. She refuted and converted them and together they suf- fered a martyr's death. St. Olympia, a holy widow, of Constantinopue, was a regular correspondent of St. Chrysostom, and received from the leading poet of the time, Gregory of Nazienzen, the dedication of his poems. St. Eustochimn, a pupil of St. Jerome. wrote and spoke Hebrew correetlv. St. Jerome. writing of St. Marcella. who was stylel "the Glory of the Roman ladies," says: "What virtue did I not find in her, what penetration, what purity, and holiness. She be- came so learned that after my departure from Rome, when difficulies were found in obscure passages in the Bible, the people would frequently appeal to her for the explanation." St. Gregory of Nyssa, in speaking of lfis own mother, says: "My mother took exn'eme pains with onr instruction. She made us learn such portions of the bible as were easiest to understand. She began with the book of Wisdom and went on to the Psahns." There was indeed in these times a home education and the mother was the teacher. It is a remarkable cir- cumstance that in the early centuries of the church, there was no public cateclfism for children. The early religious training of children devolved upon the par- ents, and chiefly upon the mother. As St. Chrysos- tom says: "Every home was a church." BISHOP MORRIS. Today is the feast day of Rt. Rev. Jolm B. Morris, D. D., Bishop of Little Rock, being the 24th of June, St. John the Baptist's day. On the Ilth of this month, Bishop Morris celebrated the fifth anniversary of his consecration as Bishop in successiou to Bishop Fitz- gerad. These five years have been eventful in many respects and'among the most important events of all is the establishment of the Southern Gnardian and its successful career under his ldndly auspices. As the senior priest of the diocese we extend to Bishop Morris on hehalf of the clergy our best wishes for a long and happy career in Arkansas. ,qN INTERNATIONAL CATttOLIC NEIVS AGENCY. There has been so nmch complaint by Catholics against the character of the news furnished by the general news agencies of Europe and America which catered to the general lmblic and was largely handled by agents who were not Catholics and therefore ig- noraut to an extent of her Church terms and frequent- lv hostile to her welfare, that an effort laas been nmde to establish an international Catholic news agency. A first circular was issued last March from Zurich. Swit- zerland, as a neutral country. By May a, over 2oo papers m Germany subscribed, In Austria and Hun- gary the agency was entlmsiastically endorsed and Austria's great press association, the Piusverein, im- mediately placed its news bureau at tim service of the new organization. Bnreaus have been established in Vienna, Buda- pest. Rome, Zurich, Munich, Berlin, Cologne and Par- is. The incorporation of the stock company took place in Zurich, May 6, under Swiss laws. It is capitalized at $4oo,ooo, $3oo,ooo being paid in. At present there are 4,ooo shares of stock at $1oo a share. At the election, tile following officers were chosen: Dr. Geser-Rolmer. of Alstatten, St. Gall, Switzerland, President; Mr. F. X. Weinschenk, Bellevue, Iowa, U. S. A. Vice-President; Dr. I.amprect, of Fribourg University, Switzerland, is Secretary. Tlae Board of Directors will consist of the ofiqcers, e.r-ocio, and 33 members chosen from tim stockholders. If the news- papers of the United States arid of England become members on the scale already made by those of other nations, the board will become thoroughly interna- tional, PRESIDENT TAFT. of educational matters to take up tim matter of Few events in the present year will be 1note pleas- antly remembered than tile 25th anniversary or Silver Jubilee of the marriage of President Taft. He is a typical American and will rank in history as one of our great presidents. His jndicial mind enables him to grasp in the. right way many intricate, t)rblems which his more fiery though eqnally eminent predecessor wonld have solved merely by cutting the Gordian knot. President Taft's personality and that of his beloved wife adds a delightful charm to the dignities of the Presidential office. His Catholic fellow citizens of Arkansas and of every State in the Union nfingle their joyful greetings in tim universal rejoicing. 7"0 OUR SUBSCRIBERS. ()ccasional notilication has reached this office of failure of the Southern Guardian to reach a subscrib- er. The paper is properly sent according to our mail- ing list. When it fails to reach a subscriber, a postal card should at once be sent to tile Southern Guardian, 315 West \\;Varkham St., lfittle Rock, stating the facts in the case and dnplicates of lost ntunbers will be sent and a rectitication of the office register made, if nec- essary @ @ @ NONE FROM ARKANSAS lighty-three graduated tiffs June from the U. S. Academy at West Point, one of the largest classes in the history of the institution. Ahnost every State in the Union had a representative in the class except Arkansas. The reason assigned by tim authorities for this misfortnne is that our Arkansas boys failed to pass tlle rigid examination reqtfired by tim regulations of the Academy. An additional lmmiliation to State pride is the fact that when a failm'e of an applicant occurs, tim Adjutant General of tile Army makes a substitute apl)ointment which generally goes to some Eastern State. The most signiticant explanation of tim successful passing of tim examination by a student from an Eastern State and of the failure to pass hy at[ Arkansas student is that the former has schools where prospective applicants naay be prepared for examina- tion at West Point and Arkansas lms none. Would it not be a good thing for those in charge CHRISTIANITY'S MOST POW- ERFUL WEAPON. (By the Rev. Stephen M. of Spring Lake, N. J., in the New World.) The press multiplies books, maga: zines and newspapers every day, and thus places the writers' thoughts and sentiments within reach of milliofls of readers. It daily influences the nation by moulding and shaping the opinions of the people. The majority of readers have neither the time, the desire nor the requisite aptitude and capacity to analyze and inwardly di- gest what they read. The result is the opinions and judgments of the masses, young and old, are gradually I influenced hy the magazines and l i newspapers they read, whether right or wrong. \\;Vriters who. have regard for the principles of truth and ju::- flee, exploit unbelief, commercialism, unbridled greed for unlawful gain, ca- ter to the baser passions of n:.:', arouse hatred and envy in the mas3es against the classes aud set forth in glowing terms socialism and com- munism as the remedies for poverty and inequality of fo,'tune. The evil effects of such reading may not alway. be perceived at once, and for this reason greater harm is done Drop by drop will in course of time make an itnpresqion on stone. In like nvmner the poison of doubt nnbelief, irreligion, socialism, communism and anarchy, instilled into the soul drop by drop through evil reading, gradu- ally undermines Christian faith awl morals. In this busy age the need of religious instruction is not sul;ciently grasped by out" people. After leaving the parish school the young receive hut very little religious instruction. The great majority of our people attend the early masses, when a five or teu minute sermon is all they get to guide them ou the right path during the week. For six days of the week they meet with atheists, socialists, comnmnists and others who revile the Church. Do our peo- ple receive religious instruction and lightenment necessary to enable them to defend the standard of Cath- olic truth and ideals during the week? Are we doing what we are ahle to do to hring Catholic truth and principles home to our people? The losses to the Catholic faith are not confined to the far South or the far West. The daily p,-ess, which speaks with equal facility to obscure villages and great cities, attd deals out morniug and evenin'g its vast supply of news, ideas, editorials and misstatenaents of Cath- olic doctrines to mold the thought and influence the will of the people is today non-Catholic. Good Reading. Reading Catholic magazines and papers is an effective means of im- parting religious instruction, of safe- guarding us against the demoralizing effects of a daily press and of helping us to lead :l righteous life. Through lack of religious knowl- edge many duties are either neglected or performed in a careless, perftmc- tory manner. Plus X ascrihes the widespread depravity and moral cor- ruption of the present times to the ignorance of Christian doctrine which prevails. Au accurate knowledge of the duties imposed by the Command- ments and of the divine motives for performing these duties forms a po- tent incentive to live a righeous life. Faith in God, in the future reward of virtue, attd the punishment of vice, exerts an effective restraint on hu- man passions and helps to keep them trader control. Remove this faith, es- a preparatory school for entrance to West Point and Annapolis Acadenfies ? We have a United States Army officer in command of the cadets at the Arkansas State University. We have a State Normal School. We have also a special State Educational Connnission of 2I members, being the most qualified educators in Arkansas. There are also other means of supplying to our amhitious youlag men the same advantages in a prelmration for an exalnination for entrance to the National Military and Naval Academies, that are enjoyed by the youth of the Northern climes. We commend this matter to the attention of State Super- intendent of Education, }]iota. Geo. B. Cook, to Presi- dent Tilhnan of the State University, to Prof. Doyne, President of the State Normal, and to the Very Rev. Dr. Stocker, member of the Special State Educational Commission. -, PROTESTANT CONTRIBUTIONS.  Whatever nmy be thought of the success of P(ot- estant foreign missions and of what great things Prot- estants couhl accomplish in foreign missionary fields if they had the wonderful auxiliaries of the religious orders to be found in the Catholic Clmrch, no one should doubt the sincerity and greatness of their work. They are far ahead of Catholics in their contributions to educational and missionary institutions. Among the members of the Catholic Clmrch are lmndreds of millionaires and thousands of people with bank ac- counts of several thousand dollars, but the purse- strings are tightly drawn. Many local congregations are in need of a new clmrch or school or hospital which cannot be erected by individual contributions, but could easily become monmnents to the zeal of comparatively wealthy Catholics. Here are some fig- ures of what Protestant Churches are doing: "Taking all of the churches of North America, it will be found that the total contributions for foreign missions for the years I9O8, I9o 9, I9IO, were ............ $33,127,491 19o5, 19O6, I9o7, were ............ 26,559,2o6 Making a total increase of ..... $ 6,568,285 pecially amoug an educated people, and tbe way is opened to all kinds of crime. Tbe embrace of socialism communism and anarchy is easy for those who believe that man's des- tiuy does not extend beyond this life. Never, therefore, has there been greater need for the zealous propaga- tion of sound religious instruction than in our day, when secular educa- tion is so general and the circulation of sensational, irreligious and irre- sponsible magazines and newspapers reaches every nook and corner of the land, undermining attd weakening Christian faith and morals. The Holy Ghost declares: "All men are vain in whom there is not the knowledge of God." Wis., XIII. I. The more mett know God the stronger their faith, the more pro- found their lmmility and the more strict their observanee of His Com- mandntents, when as the less lnen know of God the weaker their faith the greater their pride and the less their regard for His Commandments. The great truths of religion, fixed and grounded in ttte minds and hearts of young and old, make them realize their sacred duties to God and to each other and thus contribute to the peace, order, happiness and true pros- perity of society. To know these di- vine truths well means to acquire that reasoning knowledge which includes the invincible proofs upon which the doctrines of Catholic faith are based Of this knowledge the Apostle speaks wlten he warus us: "Be always ready to satisfy everyone that asketh you a reason for that Itope that is in you. ' (i Pet. III, I5.) Ignorance.of the divine foundations of Catholic faith is the chief cause of the numerous defections from the Church that we so keenly regret now- adays, and the main reason for so many misconceptions of Catholic doc- trines that prevail arnong non-Catho- lics. Our Holy Father, Plus X, when asked at a recent audience by a Cath- olic woman: "What do you consider the ntost useful apostolate for devout Catholic women in this day?" an- swered at once: "The exposition of the Catechism, instruction in Ch,'is- tian doctrine. It is because of the lack of instruction that so many fall away from the church." Catholic Newspaper. Next to the sermon and the parish school tbe Catholic press is the most effective agency for imparting relig- ious instruction. In the past fifty years the press has grown to he such a naighty power that its influence to- day is beyond all calctflation. Every l)rominent movement eml)loys the press to explain and advocate its ob- ject, propagate its views and promote its interests and serve as a bond of union for its adherents. The Church, recognizing the vast power of the press today, calls upon the clergy to employ this agency to ntake known Catholic doctrines, to defend tltem and to fix and ground them in the minds and hearts of the people so that they may be guided by them in their pulflic and private lives. The Catholic press is the great me- dium through which the Encyclicals of the Pope, the pastorals of Bishops, the labors of noble missionaries in foreigu lauds, the exposition of the Commandnaents by learned priests, the triumphs and trials .of the Church throughout the world can he brought home to the people. The Catholic newspaper is a weekly utissionary, including the necessity of prayer, the frequentatiou of the Sacraments, the observance of the Lord's day, rite payment of lawful dehts, the sanctity of marriage, the just support of religion, the relief of the needy, the love of the brethren and other sacred duties without the fulfilhnent of which peace, order and happiness of society could not be maintained. While a well-supported Diocesan weekly is the product of vigorous Catholic faith, it is one of the most cogent promoters of faith and morals among its readers. A devout servant grl who is a week- ly comumnicant, and when her duties permit, a daily visitor to the Blessed Sacrament, said recently that she would sooner go without a new pair of shoes than be deprived of her Catholic paper. Every Catholic who really loves our Holy Mother, the Church, reads with heartfelt interest a good Catholic weekly that tells him of his Mother's trials and triutnphs, renfinds him of Her cammands and warnings, fortifies him in Iris affllic- tions and aids him to continue as a faithful and devoted child until death. Meeting Difficulties. The prediction by our Lard that His Church would be maligned was never more painfully realized than in our time. In many magazines and newspapers there is a persistent sup- pression of the truth, the suggestion of falsehood and misrepresentation of doctrines whenever the Church or her visible Head is concerned. She is depicted as the embodiment of world- ly cunning, self-seeking, striving by all means, fair and foul, for her owu glory and power. These misstate- ments appearing in the daily press are read by the people, from the topics of conversations and are cast up to our people in factories, mills, offices, stores and public resorts. The Catholic paper enables our people to meet these difficulties by taking up the various misrepresenta- tions, showing wherein they are false and misleading, and giving the true doctrines of the Church on the dis- .puted points. It is indeed an effect- tve agency for enlightening our peo- ple, for helping them to remove prej- udices, for strengthening their own faith and for enabling them to see and recognize the Church as she really is, the one Divine Organization, des- tined to he maligned as her Divine Founder was, nevertheless always la- boring, no matter how she may be persecuted and slandered, for the sal- vation of souls. In certaiu emergencies, such as at- tentps to deprive Catholics of their religious liberty in puhlic institutions, efforts to pass laws detrimental to the welfare of the Church, etc., Cath- olics would be greatly handicapped in the defense of their constitutional rights witltout an organ to give pub- lic utterance to their protests. The power and the necessity of the Catholic paper in such crises are par- ticularly manifest in a country like ours, where the reasonahle and united dentands of a vast number of the peo- ple is very apt to affect legislation. In such cases the Catholic newspaper discusses the proposed legislation and shows wherein it would prove detri- mental to the best iuterests of re- ligion. Thus the people are fore- warned of the harmful consequences should such laws be enacted. The enemies of religion in every couutry use the press to prejudice tire people against the Church attd to ad- vocate the passage of laws intended to curtail her rights and hamper her labors for the welfare of souls. The reason for this hostility is obvious. (Continued on page S) (-," [ )I