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Arkansas Catholic
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June 24, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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June 24, 1911

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Page Two , I II II I CARDINAL GIBBONS&apos; RULES OF LIFE. His Eminence, Cardinal GiMions, has answered tile old, old question of how to live loug and happily by quot- ing from Ills own code of life. The celebration on \\;Vednesday of the Golden Jubilee of His Enlinence's or- dination to the priestllood and the Silver Jubilee of his elevation to the cardinalate give all added interest to the expression of his views on life. The simple rules whiell he has fol- lowed have enabled him to arrive at Iris seventy and seventll milestoue af- ter a lifetime spent in hard and con- tinued mental and physical labors. "To one meetiug him for the first time," says M. E. Clemens in tile New York World, it is difficult to believe that the kindly-faced gentleman who bears himself with such an elasticity of carriage is a man very nearly eighty years old." In reply to all inqniry os to the se- cret of his wonderfully preserved vigor His Eminence said, with a gen- tle smile: "There is notlling wonderful about it. Try to preserve an equal and tranquil disl)osition. By so doing one is enabled to overcome those hiud- rances in well doing which frequently arise fronl a turbt, lent nlental condi- tion. Avoid auger and meet the many vicissitudes of life eahnly. Nothiug conduces so much to wear and tear of the humau body as worry. Worry is generally recognized as a deter- rent in those things which lead to mental and physical progress." The truth of tiffs is exemplified in His Eminence's own life. He is op- timistic. He does not worry. Few have his eveu poise of will anti ability to meet and overcome difficulties and annoyances. Never becoming ruffled nlentally, he always is able to decide serious matters and to face a contingency philosophically, "Another important thing to re- member," he ran on, "is to eat and drink moderately and regularly in or- der to keep tile mind and body at tile highest standard of efficiency. Avoid excesses of all kinds. Eat gen- eronsly of tile plainer foods. Good green vegetables aud the substantial roasts are best. sparingly of sweets. Late supl>ers should be tile exceptiou rather than the rule, and irregularity in meals is uot consist- ent with good digestion. Moderation in drinking is especially essential to good health." His Eminence breakfacts at 8 o'clock sharp, aud his rneal cousists, witll slight variation of a cnp of cof- fee, one biscuit, one soft boiled egg. Sometimes there is a little bacon or a chop instead, and ularmalade. The Cardinal dines at 1:3o p. m., as all good Baltiuxoreans do. Tl,is meal is made Ul) of soup, a little roast beef or lamb--the latter is especially his preference, lie is very fond of veg- etables--striug beans and limas, nlashed potatoes and Sllinaeh. Not fond of sweets, he only occasionally takes a dessert. A small glass of claret is taken, but he always dih, tes it freely. At llis eveuing meal, supl)er, the ,Tardinal has tea or buttermilk. Tile /atter is his favorite beverage, and he drinks plenty of it because he cou- siders it most healthful. Then he takes a chop or small piece of steak or a small portiou of cold meat. I'tis Emir, ence never eats before retiring nnless he is to officiate at High Mass on the following day, which entails fasting uutil after the service is tin- THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN isbed, allout 1 p. m., or later. On ber that brings flowers and fruits to gardens arranged in anll)hitlleaters to save its Eurol)ean inl,al)itants and St,l)eriors of the m ssims and t)f tile such occasions lie takes a bite about 9 in tile evening. Tile third rule which His Eminence gave me"Take a reasonable amount of out-door, exercise daily"inaade me ask llim what he thaught the best form of exercise. To this he repliel: "Walking, I consider, is the best. there are many other excellent forms bt, t there are those who cannot afford to ride or indulge in other means, while walking is within the opportu- nity of all. The man conllned in an office all da) sho,tld walk to or from his business if possible. If he tinds he canuot do this. then let lfim start ea,'lier and take the exercise before 1)oarding his car. Th,-ee or four miles a day is not too far to walk, and in the good air and sunslfine it cannot fail t,) benefit anyone who does it. Overexertion, of course, is not good. "Another thing, it is as necessary to exercise the mind as it is to ex- ercise the body. Tile nlind nmst be kept active or tile nlental faculties will deteriorate." For about one hour before his din- ner tile Cardinal may be observed any line (tay walking briskly in North Charles street, througb the boule- yards or in Druid Hill Park. In this time he covers from three to four miles and returns usually with a good appetite gained by Ills constitutional. Sometimes he takes another stroll later ill the day. Walking is his ton- ic, and the good health which he en- joys is mainly due to the regular ex- ercise, his love of fresh air and his al- nlost unbroken regularity of meals. The Cardinal's uaind is always act- ire. He keeps informed on all the iulportant topics of tile (lay. "Keep occul)ied," he continued. "A mau or woman without occupation is but a derelict in the path of those whose lives are engrossed by the nec- essary effort to benefit themselves or those in whom theyare interested,and notlfing tends more to longevity than activity. "\\;Vork is essential to good llealth. Iron is more wasted by rust than by wear. Activity should be a marked part of everyone's natnre, and in varied activity will be found the best means of usefulness and suc- cess. "Always make pro;,,isi(m for a snfll- cient .qlnout, t of repose and sleep. I.atc hours to bed aud laggard habits in the n,orning are 'the causes of many failures in the attainnlent of a vigorous old. age. Eight llours of sleep are an important factor in the repair of nervous exl)enditure, and tl,ose who begrndge one-third of the twenty-fonr hours to qniet and rest- ful rel)ose are very apt to avail thenlseh'es of time intended for work in order to replete wasted energyY hi view of tills rule it is interesting to know tllat the Cardinal rises at 6 a. m. aud scarcely ever retires later thau 1o p. m. Besides this, no matter what pressing business presents it- self or who ,n'.ty be calling, l,e insists on lutving his daily little nap immedi- ately after dinner. This hour's repose he feels is necessary to offset fatigue caused by Iris nuule,'ons duties and the better to tit hinl for tile remain- ing hours of the day. ltis only relax- atiou fronl l)t, siness affairs is wheu he takes his annual summer outing or, Long Island or t)ays a visit to New Orleans. 9 In concluding this interview he said: "Be cheerful. A sunnydispo- sition, looking ahvays few the hrlghter side of things, is more persuasive than a beclouded countena'nce. It is not the gray, overcast sky of Novena- perfectiou, I)ut tlm warm, clear sun- shine of June." His own admonitions are lived up to by His Eminence l)erhaps to a greater degress than is found in many much younger men. Witl, clockwork regularity each day's work is disposed of by him. The prelate's industry is shown by his habitual routine. He begins the day by saying Mass at 7 o'clock. Then he reads tile lnail before break- fast. Next he devotes an hour and a half to dictating or lie consults with his Cllanceller, Rev. Dr. Gavan. This l)rings the time down to 1o o'clock. At this time he receives visitors. They come and go on their missions business or otherwise, until 12. Next he mnst read his papers. During the half hour before his walk he scans tile newspapers and magazines. In tlle afternoon he reaches his office, and at 4 P. m. nlore visitors are ushered in. After the last of Iris guests llave departed be takes another little walk before SUl)per. In the evening his favorite recreation is reading. l)oes he smoke Yes. A little. Never nlore.,thau three cigars a day, and he rarely reaches that nnmber. It is when he is perusing tile works of his favorite writers that he likes to smoke. One of his best-liked books is "The Moonstoue," by Wilkie Col- lins. He also delights in tile works of Anthony Trollope and Cbarles l)ickens. Wheu not reading the Cardiual call be found bnsily writing. It must not be forgotten that he also is a writer of note, and has published sonic well- known books. He preaclles on the tirst Sunday of every month at the High Mass. and always finds a large and atteutive congregation, the other Snndays are devoted to conlirmations, dedications and other church dnties. In manner he is direct and to the point. Ile is amiable, but he is ills() strong and tirm. He nutkes U 1) his mind with care, and is very decided wllen a conchlsio,1 has 1)eeu reached. His hair is ahnost white; his hands are very steady; he writes with un- usual rapidity Itud speaks in a well- modulated, gentle voice, which is re- nuu'kably clear for his age. He takes keen interest in the rest, It of the basel)all games. \\;Vhen the news that Faltimore has scored is given to him there is an evident tie- light in his smiling face and with en- thusiasm of tnanner which he sbows. When th team loses there is quite tile reverse of this feeling. TYPICAL CITY OF MOROCCO. By X. in America. The eyes of the civilized world are at present watclfing with considerable anxiety the course of events in and around the little city of Fez, in Mo- rocco, an almost forgotten place, sit- uated about one hundred milse east of the Atlantic and eighty ,nile south of the Mediterranean. For the Mohamnlendans of olden tinles Fez was a sacred city, second only in importauce to Mecca; in- deed, when the pilgrims were unable to reach the tonll) of the Prophet i they wended their way to Fez. It was founded somewhere in the eighth century by Edris, of whom, how- ever, very little is known, except that he was an important personage among the followers of the Crescent. Fez at one time boasted of 9o,ooo houses and two nlosques. It was a resting place for the distinguished dead, and tim ruins of their tombs may still be seen there. For lmn- dreds of years it was the capital of the Mohammedan States of Western Africa, and F.urol)eans called its Sultan the E,nperor of Morocco. It begau to decline only abot, t the mid- tile of the niueteeutlt century. At one time it possessed a great uni- versity, and the fame of its schools of medicine, phih)sol)hy and astron- omy extended to S()uthern lurope, so that even Christians followed its classes. Its intluence was greatest after tile expulsiou ,)f the Moors fronl Spain, the sacred character of the city being one of the chief attractions for file exiles. With this increase of learning and population tltere follow- ed also a corresponding growth in the nlechanical a,ts and indnstry, and Fez then reached the sununit of its glory. It is situated ou the slopes of a pear-sl,aped valley, through whicll the the \\;Vad-el Jubar, or tlle River of Pearls, flc, ws, dividing the city into two parts. Some vestiges of its for- mer greatnes s still linger i,, the re- gion, for the low bills aronnd are crowned by the ruins of ancient for- tresses, and fronl the turreted walls of the city stand ont in bold relief countless minarets and ttat-rooffed t,ouses, and as the eye ranges on the c,mnt,'y around it rcsts on the CrUln- I)ling ruins of once sl)lendid lmiht- ings, cells of recluses, broken col- unlns, nlassive stoue aqueducts, dome- like tonll)s and dilapidated forts. On the north, east and west the land is carefully cultii, ated, and clusters of orange, l)omegranate and otber fruit trees cover the surrounding hills, an,t travelers tell us that as you al)proach the city you pass through beautiful on the slopes ahove you. Seen from a distance, Fez has the usual attractiveness of most Oriental cities, bnt inside the walls the char,n is dispelled. The houses are two or three stories high, with blank walls on the street, the windows all look- ing on the courtyard. The streets are narrow, six or nine feet being considered ample enough for traffic and, though dark already, tlley are often covered over with vines or awn- ings. The dirt is indescribable, and the wonder is how its 45,ooo people can live in such defiance of the most elementary hygienic conditions. It has a systenl of sewers, huilt, it is said, by au apostate Frenchnlan which open, not on the streets, bnt, strange to say, into the houses, mak- ing the odor at the entranc,, of these dwellings an nnpleasant thillg t., re- member. Fortunately the al)t,,ldau:e i of water with which the city is sup- i l)lietl staves off the pestileoce wllich otherwise would seem inevitable. "J.l,e glot)In t)f the streets and the fOtl[:leSS of the air inlpart a pallid look to tle inhabitants, but it is regarded as a mark of distinction. It spite of its drawbacks, hove,'er, Fez is an iml)ortant place, Ctqlll!lCl-- cially, as conuncrce goes in Africa. It is a center for the carav:,ps froln the cou,ltries south and east. ]:'yen Tinlbuctoo sends its merchandise tllither, and t:urol)e does not neglect its markets, l:r,)m it go out to tilt world ahnonds and gums and r:.lisins and dates and other fruib;, an,l olive oil and boney and elephant tusks ;,nd ostrich feathers and gold and ,,,.old dust and slaves. It matinaclures the famons woolen mantles of the Ial)y- les. Its sashes and silken kerchiefs and wonderfully tannee leather are considered to be vatual)le, i)ut not so its coarse linen and earthenware. Carpets and saddles and articles in brass, and, of course, th,.' cap which all the world knows as "the fez" are to be found in its bazaars. The shops in xvllich tllese articles are sold are however, small and dingy and mean. There is no hurry or zeal on the 1)art of tle merchant, who sits legged an, ong his wares it: a earner (,f his boolh, in snch a soot that hc can easily stretch ont his !,liuds to h,y hold of tile article to 1)e disposed of. The w..k..,., a,e inthe ce'.: ,- h.-"cath. The glory of its university has ion..., since departed, but there are still schools wllich are fairly we!l f,'e- quented. Of course there are mosques, one of them in which there is a court for Wonlen--a very ll,lal:;u tl thing for Moslemsis named Edris another is the famot, s Karoul){n, or Karueen, with its 366 pillars aud its luster of 5oo lamps, tbe spoil of s me Christian church. Very appropril, tely the latter is a refuge for ccimiuals. The palace of Allah Ahuina, with its beautiful gardens, is two miles from town. There is even a hmatic asy- lum, which is richly endowed, with a curious obligation, however, in its deed of gift; so curions, indeed, that it would seem rather to have l)een suggested by o,le of the inmates of the institution. A stun of money !,,s been provided for tbe care of si-:k storks and cranes that wing thei" way to the city, and also to bnry them when they give up the ghost, for ghosts they do give up--the supposi- tion being that these birds are ani- mated by the souls of nlen wllo have died in foreign parts and have adopt- ed this method of aviation to reach the sacred city. Perhaps it is the ori- giu of the stork fancy that is allti- rated in civilized countries. There are al)ont lO,OOO Jews in the c;ty, but their lot is a hard one. They re contlned to certain quarters and are shut ill behind gates at night. In the daytiu,e they do not dare to en- ter the Moorish section without tak- ing off their shoes and walkiug I)a,-e- foot in the sacred streets. Tile Eu- ropeans, who are I)elieved to be in l"cz just at this nloment arc very few ill uunaber. There are 1ao nlore than eleven French officers, and they are employed in training the Sultau's trool)S. Another thirty COml)lete the French contiugent. There are, be- sides, fourteen English, one Swiss, nine Gerulans, twelve Italians, six Spaniards and one Anstriau. Of the sixteen Algerians thirteen are Jews. There are only fonrtecn white women ill the l)lace, aud tweh'e children, eight of wh()ln beh),lg to the ltaliau colonel who is comnmnder of the anl- mmiti,.)n factory. It is this miserable place which is causing consternation in all the cabi- lets of ].l,,'ope. The Sultan, Mulai is the individual wllo a few mars ago dethroned his own brother, tnd who had the nations of Furopc o meet at Algeciras to make a treaty wl,ose l)Url)ort was to check each others' asl)irations for the conquest of the country. He is now cooped Ul) inside the fortilications of Fez, while, great nnmbers of his wild t,'ibcsmcn are in revolt ()utside, clanl- oring for his ahdication. They have lear,led the lesson he tattght them. He bas only about 2,4oo soldiers with hina, one-third of whom have neither arms nor ammunition. France. wlfich has been comnlissioned by the powers to be Morocco's policeman, has sent 2,000 nlen under Major Bremond to relieve the beleaguered city, in order to strengthen the tottering throne of Mulai Halid. The road thither is through a dangerons region, nor are there any means of connecting it with the outside world of Europe. Hence tbe unreliability of the news in the press for the past nlonth or mo,e, lnmors art circulated one dlty and denied the next. Sometinles Bre- mond was said to be unable to pro- ceed on his journey, his supplies hav:ng given out; at others he was surrounded by the tribesmen and his troops were cut to pieces; at others he had reached the city, and had succeeded in entering its gates, only to increase the sufferings of the be- sieged, for he brought no provisions with him. Even after he was sup- posed to be within the walls the city was attacked by Io,ooo rebels, who, however, if the report can be trnsted, were repulsed. France meantime is in the wildest excitment. It is dis- patching new reinforcements, but they are so poorly equipped that the second relief colmnn set out on its journey fully twenty days after its del)arture was announced. Trans- ports are hurrying from Marseilles with foodstnffs, but meantime what is happening in Fez no one can say with certainty. Tlte besiegers have been repulsed, we are told, but their secret have worked their way into the city and are breeding disaffection everywhere. A.t ally day Mulai Hafid may be assassinatel and tile narrow streets of Fex may be littered witll the mangled bodies of its foreign in- hal)itants. But file most alarming feature of i,ll this conlmotion is that even if there is no treacherous, underhand (m tl,e part of the Moo,'s in the city, one false step made by France ill its attempt at pacitication may set all Enrope ablaze. Germany, which caule st) near a conflict with it a few years ago, when Delcasse had to resign his office, is watching every move on the board, and already France hi, s sad to assure the authori- ties at Berlin that there was posi- tively uo thought of tbe l)ermanent occupation of Fez, lint th'tt the only pnrpose in view was the protection of the resident Europeans and the settling of Mutai tIattd on his throne. Neverbeless some of the German pa- pers are warning France that she nmst remember that "she carries the resposibility for the consequences of the measures she emlfloys," and that "a breacll of important provisions of the Algeciras Act, even if the breach were brought about by the force of external circmnstances and against the' will of the power concerned, restore to all the powers their complete freedom of action, and might in this way lead to conse- quences of a kind which cannot at present be seen." On the other hand, the English press is talking about necessary ances between England and Russia, the l)reparedness of Germany for war and the need of treating a sensi- tive nation like France with more than usual care in the preseut crisis. But, whether trouble I)etween the nations occurs or not in consequence of this nliseal>le African sqnabble, France tinds llerself now in a nrost anomalous position. \\;Vhile the gov- ernment is persecuting its own Cath- olic subjects at home for their faith, the nation is risking its existence in behalf of the most bitter foes of Christianity. Aud yet if war were declared the Sisters of Charity would again be found in the hospitals and on the battletield; the priests would be kneeling in the forefront over the wounded and tlle dying and the first to give their lives for their country would be the Catholic youth of the land, though they are now considered less worthy of consideration than the implacable enemies of Jesus Christ. X. NEW YORK IS FIRST IN MISSION GIFTS. THE ARCHDIOCESE DONATED OVER $Ioo,ooo TO PROPAGA- TION OF THE FAITH. FRANCE LEADS THE NATIONS. Nearly One-Half of Total Fund Is Given by the French People. The annnal report of tl,c Socety for the Propagation of the ]:aith, just issued by tile general ofticie of the so- c,ety in tl,e United States. 627 Lex- ington avenue, New York City, i,1 the Jnne number off the "Annals," shows most gratifying resnlts. So far as the U,litcd States is concerned this has been the I)all,ler year, }vet'y day inore interest grows toward foreign missions. That wllere- ever the society is strongly establish- e(l the results are ni;,rvelons is a proof that Anlerican Catl, olics vre second to uoue in esl)ousing every ,ioblc moveuaent with self-sacrillci,lg spirit and generosity. Tile Society for the Prol)ogation of ]:aith provides the nlissionaries ill 1)agan lands with the meanh neces- sady to carry on their Apostolic work. In most instances the uleans ,ce.d at their disposal hy the society are the only ones they receive. Every year. with couscientious care aud impartiality, the reports of the Prefects antl Vicars Apostolic are studie,l and all allocations made, in accordancme with the desires of tlte Holy Father, the data furnished by the congregation of tl,e Propaganda, and the extent and necessities of each ,nission. The amount of the allot- ments is lmblished in the "Annals" at the close of the year. The share of each missionary is very small.'it is true. Over 15,ooo priests are to be supported from the general fnnd. The receipts of the Society in 19m were $1.397.335.61, a gain of $55,- o43.24 over the previons year. The Archdiocese of New York " "'% he envial)le distinction of leadln tile dioceses of the world in co,m,)- utinff the largest anlount to the canse, namely, $Ioo,737.27. The other dioceses contril)uting largely are : Lyons .................... $84,933.79 Metz ..................... 41,329.44 Strasl)ourg ................. 34,383.9o Caml)rai .................. 31,4x4.45 Nantes .................... 29,414.43 Saint Brienx ............... 29,264.23 Boston .................... 2L19[.9o Quimper .................. 26,612. 3 Paris ..................... 2z,964,79 Cologne .................. I9,325.7I Notwithstnadnig the trials tllat be- set the Clmrch, France alone again gave nearly its nmch as the rest of the world to the l)ropagation of the faith. Her contrihution in l!)to amounted to $6o8,256.19. The United States holds the second rank with $268,314.o8, an increase of $47.676.3o over the repeipts of 19o9 The other countries that contrib- uted the largest anlonnts are: Germany .................. I5I,o43.32 Begium .................. \\;. 68,583.7o Italy ..................... 53,98.55 Argentine Iepublic ....... 45,554.25 Spain .................... 35,772.25 Mexico ................... 34.292.86 Ireland .................. I8,6t8.44 Switzerland .............. I8.O78.2o Helps Home Missions. The Society for the Propagation of tlle Faith is far fronl being exclu- sively a society for foreign missions missions, for it extensively helps onr lmme nlissions. Twenty-one needy dioceses in the United States and its ccdonies received a regular allocation frt)m the fnnds in 19Io, and nearly a third of the $268, collected in this country will 1)e again allot- ted this year to the United States a,ld its colonies.--Catholic Sentinel. CASE SYSTEM OF TEACHING. Almost Universal Study of Law. Now Used in Economics Courses. Radical cllanges in the teaching of ecolmmics, consisting of the intro- duction of the case system, have been made by the department of political economy at the University of Chi- cago, says the News Letter of that institution. The case systenl was first employ- ed in the teaching of law. and is now ahnost universally used in that sub- ect. The object of introducing this ulethod into the teaching of econom- ics is to make the student think for himself and solve problems in eco- nomics as he would in mathenmtics. The department at Chicago has prepared a syllabus or outline which contains about 1,5oo l)rol)lems, and is now engaged in printing a bi-weekly bulletin made up exclusively of orig- inal cases or umterial descriptive of onr industrial organizations. At the tinal examination in the coure studeuts are told to bring note- books, text books, ontlines and any- thing they wish and are allowed to use them freely. The examivation consists entirely of l)roblems. The experience of the department proves the present method naost suc- cessful, resnlting ill more individual work on the part of the students and giving them a better understanding of the subject. FLOWERS BY THE WAYSIDE. :\\; young girl visiting the country xas folh)wing the farmer's wife along a winding 1,all-overgrown patll amid a tangle of wild flowers. The young visitor exclaimed at their beauty. "l mean to gather i, ll 1 can carry wllen we come hack and 1 have a little more time." Better pick thena now if you want them," said the older woman. "'Tain't likely we'll come back this way." It was one of those simple, homely incidents that sotnetinles seem to elfitonlize life. We must pick now, if we want them at a11, the ttowers tllat God scatters along our way. The pleasa,lt honrs, the dear friendships, the offered coutidences, the hal)py gatherings--all tl,e briglttnesses and hlessings that wc so often l)ush aside. but mean to find leisure to enjoy o,ne time--we tnust take thenl (lay by day its they come or we shall lose thenl altogether; we never cau turn b:,ck to lind them.--St. Anthony's Messenger. A MILITANT GROUCH. "How do you feel this morning?" "Grouchy. But l)[ease understand (me thing." "Wimt is that?" "[ don't care a rap whetl,er you synll)athize with me or not."--Birr- ingham Age-Herald h 5 i : ?,: :::< i,   , ......... : : : : ............ :: :,.d:i&::.; : ;:; <. : ..... - (