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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
June 24, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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June 24, 1911

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) t THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN Vol. I. Little Rock, Arkansas, June 24, 1911 Number 14 STATE DIAMONDS IN ARKANSAS. \\;\7alter Mauney shipped a gem from the diamond lield of Pike County, Arkansas, last Friday to New York to have it tested and valued. It was found on Mr. Manuey's property hy John Key, a lahorer on the place. It is a thirteen-karat blue steel white diamond. At the wide end the gem is one-half an inch and tapers to a quarter of an inch. It was washed from a ton of dirt Friday afternoon in the Mauney mine. The gem is said to be the largest fonnd on the Ameri- can continent. Mr. Stifft a Little Rock jeweler and expert, says in the Arkansas Gazette that a "crater of an. extinct volcano consisting of about seventy acres altogether, comprise the Pike Cotmty diamond tield. Of that tract sixty-two acres are owned by the diamond company. The Ozark Diamond Mining Company owns be- tween live and one-half and six and role-half acres, while \\;Valter Mauney, on whose prol)erty the big diamond was found, owns about an acre and a half. "1 find that people in general have all sorts of mistaken ideas about the Pike County diamond tields," said Mr. Stifft. "They imagiue that diamonds are found in many different places. As a matter of fact, no diamonds have l)een fotmd save in this one crater or pipe, as it is known in diamond min- ing terms. It merely happened that this crater is owned by three differ- cut firms, and for that reason the im- pression has gone forth that there are several different diamond fields. "The crater is shaped like a potato, and the little tract owned 1)y Mr. Mauney is in the extreme north end of it. "I was not surprised to hear of Mr. Mauney's lind," said Mr. Stlfft. "The Arkansas Diamond Company has al- ready secured more than a thousand diamonds from its property. Our largest diamond was six and one-half karats. The diamond found on Mr. Mauney's property I should judge to be worth $9oo or $i,ooo." Incidentally, Mr. Stifft states that the last issue of the Encyclopedia Brittanlca, in touching upon the sub- ject of Arkansas minerals, states that Pike County, Arkansas, is the only place on the North A.merican conti- nent where diamonds are found in matrix or native earth. PLAYGROUNDS FOR CHIL- DREN. The Civic Association of the ladies of Pine Bluff for a city beautiful has produced a fine thing in the play- ground for children, which has been established at Main street and Sixth avenue, which is about the center of the city. It is called a children's play- ground, as the youth of the town are cared for by the Y. M. C. A. and other associations. A neat fence encloses. the place, and there is an inviting en- trance. There is only a quarter block of ground for the children, but this seems to be sufficient to afford enjoy- ment to more than Ioo of them at a time. The apparatus is very simple, hut sufficient for present purposes. The City Beautiful Club of Little Rock should inaugurate such a play- ground south of Union Station and at other points in the city. LIFE INSURANCE IN x9xo. The Insurance Press of New York has sent out the following life insur- ance statement: The total distributed to beneficiaries throughout the United States, $38L44o,ooo. The total of 191o for Arkansas is $R,7oo,ooo, Little Rock leading, with $I69,5oo, followed by Pine Bluff, with $94,5oo; Hot Springs, $93,75o, and Fort Smitl/, with $83,750, The largest policy in Arkansas was paid on the life of George B. Pettus. Forrest City, of $47,oo; the next larg- est was A. F. Wolf of Fayetteville, $35,0oo. The largest insurance on any individual in the United States was for $475,25o. Mary B. Dun of R. G. Dun & Co. had an insurance of $2oo,r 000. LITTLE ROCK LIGHT. Our city electrician, John Bleidt, claims that the nmnicipal light plant of Little Rock gives better light fa- cilities than that of any other city in the United States, population consid- ered. Memphis, with a population of 125,ooo, has 517 arc lights; Portland, Me., has a population of 55j67 and 337 arc lights; Knoxville, Tenn., with a l. opulation of 4o,ooo, has 340 arc / ,t Little Rock has 503 arc lights, li-h : population of perhaps 5o,ooo. / Editorial Chronicle RAILROADS NOT BOUND TO FURNISH SEAT. The :\\;rkansas State Suprenle Court, in a decision banded down June 19, in the case of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway vs. Alberta Petties, a young negro woman of Crawford County, a unaniulons decision that a railroad company is not liable for damages for failure to provide a pas- senger with a seat where it is evident that the volume of travel is greater than couhl have been reasonably an- ticipated. The lower court had award- ed the young wonlau $35. The Su- preme Court held that: "The fact that the colored coach xeas crowded with white passengers did not render the company liable in the face of an unanticipated emer- gency, which made it impossible to give the plaintiff a seat. "The COmlmay lnay be liable for the statutory penalty in allowing white and colored passengers to ride in the same coach, and persons of dif- ferent races may be held guilty of an offense in occupying the same coach, but the fact that the railway corn- )any, in an emergency which render- ed it impossible to accommodate all passengers, failed to eject a coach load of ptople of one race in order to accommodate three or four passen- gers of the other race does not nec- essarily render it liable." ARKANSAS POLITICS. The Hun. Gustave Jones of Newport, Ark., had a thought of running for the office of Attorney General, but upon reflection has announced that he will not do so. The reason assigned is that the estimated expenses of a polit- ical campaign to try for the position woul call for an expenditure of about $8,ooo, or more than the two years' salary which the office pays. As Mr. Jones knows what he is talking about a state of affairs is revealed which is anything but creditable to our State. That such a disgraceful condition of things exists in other States does not relieve ns of the gtfilt of a grave polit- ical crime. One remedy is to make the matter a subject of discussion in the next State Democratic convention and secure there an endorsement for an increase of salary to all State offi- cials. Better salaries would gradually build up nobler ambitions in the minds of our most capable office seekers. NATIONAL U. S. POSTAL BANKS. Postmaster General Hitchcock made a statement June I9 in reference to the hanks established as annexes to postoffices five months agol in !which it appears that the venture is successful. In Arkansas, Stuttgart, Fayetteville and a few other places have been made depositories. In the first five months there were forty- eight depositories altogether. On May t a second group of twenty-five were opened for business. In the first group $39o,666 were deposited. In the second group,- in May. $70,849 were ]placed. There were2,It9 separate de- posits averaging $33.3 . On July I ]the depositors will have the privilege of converting these savings into !United States bonds bearing 2 per cent interest. How far this innova- tion weakens the local banks is not discussed. From the fact of the mul- tiplication of trust and loan compa- nies it would appear that postal hanks will have no appreciable effect up0n local banks that are established on a sound business basis. NEWFOUNDLAND A YOUNG BISHOP. The Rt. Rev. M. F. Power, D. D., Bishop-elect of St. George, New- :foundland, will be consecrated June '29 at St. John's Cathedral, St. Johns, Newfoundland. He is an old family friend of some of our Sisters of Mer- cy, and as he has only just entered his thirty-fourth year, he is reckoned as the youngest Roman Catholic Bishop in the British Empire. He is the oldest of thirteen childrem His father was the first Mayor of St. John. He was seven years a student in the Propogauda College, Rome, i and was ordained there March to, 10o6. If he has reached a Bishopric i after only five years of priesthood, he will be comparatively young when he receives the Cardinal hat! The proudest people in the world on June 29 will he his Irish father and mother, and they will have a right to be proud. POLICEMEN AT CHURCH. On Sunday, June 4, at Solemn Ves- per Service, 3,500 poicemen attended the annual memoriial services for de- ceased naembers of the department, at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. They filled the entire center aisle seats and a portion of the side ailse ones. Rev. Bernard McQuaid was the cele- brant, and at the end of the exercises Archbishop Fosley gave benediction. Mgr. Lavelle made a brief introduc- tory address and Chaplain Sulhvan delivered the sermon. He talked of du|3,. In part, he said: 'You are the picked men antong the citizens of our city, selected to protect aud enforce the observance of the law by those who are lawless and respect neither God nor man. When you were selected you took an oath and made a promise, and yott called God as a wit- ness to that promise. Your duty then hecame a duty to God. If you stand by that promise and do your duty you need fear no man. You wil he able to resist any temptation that may as- sail that promise. "You will be able to stand, head erect, when the critics rant, because you have the satisfaction of knowing that you are rendering 'to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's.' Your crit- ics have been severe; many ready to tear down and few to suggest how to build up. You have stood the test, have performed your duty and per- formed it well. In their criticism they make no note of your deeds of brav- ery, your courage in tlte performance of your duty, where you know no fear. This is and has been your record, not only today, but for years past. "And you, the widows and orphans of the heroes who have died in the battle of duty, have deep sorrow in their loss, but great consolation in the memory of their bravery. The work done by your beloved ones lives in the hearts and minds Of every man hefore me. This great gathering is here to pay the yearly honor to those who have gone befor% and offer a si- ent prayer to God for mercy on their souls. You would wish them among the ranks today, but God ha6 willed otherwise. They have played their )art, and so many of them have play- ed it well--oh, so well! Time will not e:mit nle to enumerate, but you are all familiar with the names and the deeds of the heroes of the police force who fell fighting to protect prorerty or save life. May God grant them their reward. "'The flags which surround this pul- pit are the marks of appreciation of our citizens, presented to you in rec- ognition of your bravery and faithful- ness to your work. The torn and at- tered one from the riots of the '6os is borne for the last time today, but its memory will live with you and the people of our city as a tribute of thanks to the police force of New York. "Citizens of New York, you need have no fear of life or property when ten thousand men such as are before me have promised you protection. Citizens of New York, again, you need have no fear of the uprising of the lawless or the planting if the red flag of anarch), for there are ten thousand bran, e men ready to tear it down." A PRIEST WITH GOLDEN FIN- GERS. He was not born that way, nor with a silver spoon in his mouth. Father John Krusznski, a prominent mernher of the Resurrection Order'in Chicago, and for many years President of St. Stanislaus College, that city, lost his right hand in a corn husking machine of the order to which he belonged at Cary, 111., on June 2i, 19m. Hs is 48 years old and priest eighteen years. Three years ago his voice became ira- )aired and he could not preach, and now he could not say Mass. At the ordination of a priest the thumb and forefinger of each hand which are to handle the Blessed Sacrament, are consecrated to that service by the Bishop with holy oil. If any of these are lost the priest cannot say Mass without a special dispensation from the Pope. Many a lecture theological students in the seminaries get horn the ohl professors on the danger of baseball playing. The lectures do not produce much effect on the students, but as they seem to relieve the ntinds of the professors considerably, no harm is done. Father Krusznski, upon the advice of brother priests and the encourage- ment of Bishop Qnigley, petitioned Rome for a dispensation to say Mass, using his artiticial band, and l'()pe Plus granted the prayer. It was rep- resented to the Pope that the lost hahd would be replaced by an artificial one of a special construction, which would enable the thumb and first fin- ger of the hand, which were to be made of gold, to move by a motion of the priest's shoulders. ILLINOIS PUBIIC SCHOOLS. A very unexpected furore was cre- ated recently at South Belvidere, 111., when the Public School Board an- nounced that the diplomas to the thir- ty-one graduates would be delivered at the commencement exercises, with a prayer preceding and benediction following them. by a Protestant min- ister. Catholic children attend the public schools there on account of having no school of their own. The Catholics objected to a Protestant service being held and a kind of hac- calaureate sermon given. A petition of protest was presented to the School Board, and. as the City At- torney advised that body that the re- ligious features should be stricken from the program, lccording to a de- cision of the Supreme Court of the State, which did not permit school authorities to conduct religious ex- ercises, such as are usual in a church, together with a sermon, though the building itself being a church was not objectionable. It was so done. Church and State should be kept en- tirely separate, and then unpleasant things like the above could not dis- turbe the harmony of a community. CATHOLIC EDUCATIONAL AS- SOCIATION. This organization wil hold its an- nual meeting at Chicago June 26-29. Most Rev. James E. Quigley, D. D., Archbishop of Chicago, and Rt. Rev. Mong. T. J. Shalan, D. D., the Presi- dent General of the Associationl have issued cordial invitations to all inter- ested in Catholic education. The place of meeting is De Paul University, on the evening of June 26. The religious services will be held in the Church of St. Vincent de Paul, near by. Head- quarters for officers and committees will be the Great Northern Hoel, where registration should he made. The Central Passenger Association and the Trunk Line Association have given a rate of one fare and one-half on the certificate plan, based on an at- teidanee of ,ooo delegates. TO REGULATE EXPRESS CHARGES. A committee representing the Na- tional Assciation of Railway Commis- sioners met in Chicago June I7 to make a thorough investigation into the matter of express charges, with a view to their material reduction. This commission is made tip of railriad commissioners and members of public service commissions of very State in the Union. Its recommendations will receive special consideration by the Legislatures of the several States, and within a reasonable time we may ex- pect a reduction of the enormous charges now made by express com- panies and a more accommodating spirit among their enaployes. S2EEL RAILROAD PASSENGER COACHES. A bill has heen introduced in Con- gress to require all ailroads engaged in interstate traffic to discontinue the use of wooden passenger coaches and substitute steel ones in their place. January I, I915, is the time lintit given the railroads to complete the change. The Interstate Commerce Commis- sion is to have the supervision of the matter, with power to extend the time limit in special cases and grant such emergency relief as may be neces- sary. THE SUMMER SCHOOL. The Catholic University of Wash- ington City will conduct a summer norntal school for teaching Sisters and women teachers, from July 3 to August 7. The registration so far is very large. Students are coming from more than twenty States and fifty re- ligious conmmnities. Many of the 'Sisters will find accommodations in the vacant buildings of the University, which will be transfornted into con- vents for their use. The class rooms, drawing rooms, libraries and offices of the University buildings have been comfortablyeven elegantlyarrang- ed for the visitors. The Dean of the school is Rev Dr. Shields, the Vice Dean Very Rev. Dr. Pace and the secretary Rev. P. J. McCormick, S. T. L. SUBMARINE TRAVEL. A flotilla of seven submarine vessels of the ['nited States Navy made a run june 7 from Newport, R. I. to Gloucester, Mass. Five of the boats remained under waten ten hours and two of them eleven hours. This is the longest time any submarine in the United States Navy has ever remained under the surface of the water. It is a most wonderful achievement, and demonstrates that subnmrines as well as aviating cars are to be reckoned with in a lengthy war. FOREIGN WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE IN AUS- TRALIA. Mr. Fisher, the P, emier of Austra- lia, who was in Lon':on to attend the coronation of King George, by whom he was knighted, was interviewed by a deputation from the Union oI Women's Suffrage Societies. Mrs. Henry Fawcett introduced them and said to Mr. Fisher: "We desire to welcome you as the official representati, e of the women as well as the men of the colonies. In other countries politicians have talked about suffrage; in your coun- try you have established what others tall: ahout. We are also anxious to wait on you to exp,ess our gratitude for the strong resotutions passed in the Parliament of the Australian Commonwealth. We should he glad to bear front you your opinion of the results of women's suffrage in Austra- lia, its effect on domestic life, the status of women and on their indus- trial conditions." In reply Mr. Fisher said that he was in a particular!y happy position with regard to the subject under dis- cussion. That the request made by the President. of the National .Union placed him in no difficulty. "The country I represent,' he said, "stands in no danger whatsoever from the ef- fect of women's qnffrage. I have never advocated .tnything but the equality of men and women in regard to representation. On domestic life the granting of the vote has had no deteriorating effect. On the con- tra.y, I believe th,.t not only are women hetter citizens on account of it, but their education is widened the eby. The effect on them has been good." IPELAND. A census of Ire'and has recently heen completed which shows a slight decroase in the population for the past ten years. The present figures are: 4,39t,O5L which is about one- half the number of 9eople in Ireland before I847, the famine year. That Ireland can easily support a popula- tion of a5,ooo,ooo is generally con- ceded. As the period ot English ntis- rni, appear:; to be nearing the end, there will begin a new era ot rapid growth. The peopl lead simple lives and are the most moral in the world and will therefore wTth large families begin to fill the land. The religious een us shows that the Catholics con- stitute about 74 per cent of the whole population. When we consider the frightful persecutions of Irish Cath- olics in the past by the English gov- ernment and the wholesale trans- plavting of Protestant colonies from Scotland and England, the proportion of Catholics is very creditable. There are 5,mi Jews in Ireland, an i,tcrease of 6t per cent since 19oi. PORTUGAL. "I41e general election in Portugal has taken place and all the Govern- ment candidates have been elected. All monarchial newspapers had been suppressed and tbe-e could be no monarchial candidates. Many promi- nent citizens who mtght have become ntembers of an oppoqtion party were proscribed and either imprisoned or exiled. An unfortunate feature of the situation : that the Kings who ruled Portugal in recent times were not exemplary rulers, and the people do rot consider that the return of the dypasty would insure a better gov- ern,nent that the nresent very bad one,. Queen Amelia. the mother of King Manuel, ;s much beloved and trusted by the Portuguese people, but she would not rfile if the King was recalled. The war of persecution against the religion profe%ed by almost all the people will be i never ending stum- bling 1,lock t political and commer- cial prospe'ity until it is removed. The majority of the Nation are just now stunned and overawed by a well in hand minority. But this state of affairs is not permanent VENEZUELA DEVELOPMENT. A contracting company, of which American and English capitalists are now striving to get control, has just closed what is considered to be the most extensive and intportant con- tract ever signed by the Venezuelan Government. The capital of the com- pany for this contract is $io,ooo,ooo. They had already concessions of equal value. By the last.agreement the company has the privilege of nav- igating for fifty years the rivers and lakes of the Republic and to exploit during that time the intmense r.e- sources of Amazonal. Railroad and river traffic is to be perfect. The contpany agrees to bring in 2,ooo fam- ilies or colonizers at the rate of loo families a year. THE POPE OND THE JUBILEE. In a letter to Prince Launceloti, Pope Pins expresses sorrow and mourning at the celebration in Ronte of the jubilee of the present year to commemorate the seizure of the States of the Church by Victor Emanuel. As a citizen of Italy, the Pope would like to glory in whatever makes for the greatness of his na- tive land, and he grieves that there sltould be conflict and dispute among Italian people in regard to the pres- ent political situation. As the repre- sentative of the Catholic world, he prays the Lord to "shorten the days of tribulation and convert the enenties of the Church," MEXICO AND MADERO. Madero has emphatically declared that he has no personal ambition to be elected President of Mexico. He will not refuse the call of his fellow citi- zens if elected, but will not work for either the nomination of election. For a year he has labored day and night perfecting his plans for carry- ing on the work of the revolution, which has driven Diaz from power, and he and his family have expended a million or more dollars of their for- tune on these aceonuts. He is worn out, physically. A Catholic party is now taking shape, and may, under a free govern- ment, with a leader like Windhorst in Germany, become a force to be reckoned with. Madero himself is a Catholic only in name, and in politics he is considered anti-Catholic. How- ever, he is under obligations to prom- inent Catholics, who aided him sub- stantially in his revolution, and he may wish to pay his debt to them and secure the support of the Church party in the Mexican Congress. CORONATION IN ENGLAND. King George and Queen Mary were crowned wieh great pomp and maj- esty, according to ancient precedent, in Westminster Ably, where but few of the many hundred thousands could attend. But the public celebrations were ample to gratify the public taste. Eight tons of gold plate, valued at $5,ooo,ooo, and filled with delicacies of every kind, orn-mented the ban- quet tables. The procession was the grandest pageantry ever witnessed in England. King George and Queen Mary have shown themselves to be of noble minds and possessed of a desire to be Christian rulers over all their subjects, and are entitled to the hon- ors which they were anxious to re- ceive. But when the public have ren- dered to Caesar what belongs to Cae- sar, is it permissible to render to God what belongs to God and honor Him by a religious procession? CHURCHES IN ENGLAND. The Westminster Gazette, a sound Liberal paper with warm Free Church syntpathies, recently publish- ed figures taken from official sources showing that nonconformity in Eng- land and Wales is steadily declining. From these statistics it is seen that for four years the membership of the Baptist churches has shown a steady decrease, In 19o6 the Baptist mem- bership was 434,74I, more than 16;, ooo higher than today. Yet churches have increased by 146 and seating ac- commodations by 4Looo sittings. In nearly every instance the machinery an4 equipment have been improved, while the membership has declined. The Congregationalist decrease has been less than that of the Baptists. In I9o7 its membership was 459,663, or 4,853 less than today. The Wes- leyan connection has again suffered a decrease, as has happened for five years in succession. The total de- crease in the five years is I3,I2O, or about 2.4 per cent. Primitive Meth- odists, United Methodists and Calvin- istic Methodists all show decreases. Small increases are shown by Presby- terians, Moravians and the Society of Friends. The Anglican Church in the last three years has increased its communicants by 4Loo5. 5