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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
June 21, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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June 21, 1930

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PA E TWO , THE GUARDIAN, JUNE 21, 1930 ix u m | Published Weekly Tide CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY o~ the Diocese of Little Rock $07 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911. at the postoffice Little Rock. Ark., under the Act of Congress of March 8. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address is desired the subscriber should give ~oth the old and the new address. CORRESPONDENCE Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach u~.- mot later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is always welcome The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cer- ~'lnl appreciated. ~T. REV. MSGR. J. P. FISHER ___Business Manager All communications should be addressed to, The Guardian, ~07 Weet Second Street, Little Rock, Ark. OFFICIAL ORGAN I'b8 Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock. sad I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause o! tight, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion whicl~ VO all love so well. 1 extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope chat its career may be long and prosperous. JNO. B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock. ~16 JUNE 21, 1930 FALLACIES OF MODERN HYGIENE. z,.; : G. K. Chesterton's recent inclictment of many ' the advocates of so-called modern mental .... tcienCe, that they are in reality frustrating their :own purposes by fatuous preachment of ma- .'i:':: e ialism and degrading acceptance of the doc- trine of doom, was in large measure borne out ..... :,by a number of the papers read at the Inter- Congress of Mental Hygiene, held re- ':' " cently in Washington. .., ..While .the puri ose of the meeting was osten- sibly the discussion of ways and means to make .:.,.., the abnormal human being normal, the effect "eta large part of.the discussions and papers was tO make the normal human being abnormal. ...... 'Evidences of knowledge without wisdom and ....... fi uckraking curiosity appeared to overshadow "" . the more constructive and rational ap proaches to the problem under discussion. The ordinary layman attending the various sessions could not '" fail to be impressed by the fresher atmosphere of hope and, freedom contained in a number of ,the papers, notably those presented by eminent C tholic phychologists, psychiatrists, and edu- cators. This broader and saner outlook is, of course, fundamentally religious. There is no evidence that the denial of free will tends to a more humane and scientific treatment of the criminal and the delinquent, or the backward child, while its evident danger in undermining the self-re- spect of the individual and in opening the way for such inhuman practices as suicide, euthana- sia, sterilization, birth control, and a host of ' other anti-social and anti-religious acts should be apparent enough. .....The corrective to problems arising from the : abuse of will ought to be sought, it would seem, not in the denial of will, but in educational methods which will educe and cultivate the right use of the will. On the other hand, it , seems worth remembering in discussions of problems of abnormality that the average child .is normal; that, given its rightful heritage of religious and cultural influence, and a healthful economic condition of society, it may be depend- ed upon to make the social adjustments which are necessary for normal and responsive adult life. .0 THE PROFESSIONAL REFORMER'S MONUMENT. A great barrier to crime prevention is the reformer. He continually asks for more laws, in spite of the fact that unenforceable and unnecessary legislation has become the great American joke. ' He"cries, at one time,,f6r stricter punishment of ., vffenders, and at another for less punishment. ':Cold logic and intelligent analysis of facts mean nothing to him. He is ruled by his emo- tion. His monument is the tens of thousands ,:of laws that now burden the statute books. ,,, ; ,.It is a historical fact that most of the great ..... reform movements have turned upon themselves and become boomerangs. The movement which "culminated in the New York anti-revolver law an example. A few months ago the Brooklyn : .Grand Jury petitioned for the law's repeal! ';'": 'American prisoners :are overpopulated, yet , many of the worst criminals remain at large, practically immune from punishment by virtue .of legal technicalities that make justice impo- ': ent, The law-passing mania has been produc- tive of the greatest period of lawlessness in our .... history. " Fewer laws and better enforcement; judi- .. .cia,1 procedure that finds out the facts, instead ,, discussing irrelevant technicalities; more effi- .... cient, better paid and better equipped police : : epartments; quicker, surer arrests and convic- t"' ions of malefactors---in this direction lies crime :prevention. O. GROWING CORPORATIONS: CONSUMERS' COST. iTh principal objection to the development of the tremendous holding corporations of this country is found in its result upon the citizensi el' the country. There is no doubt that the so-l called prosperity of America has its basis in the profit of these corporations.. Our world known fame as a moneyed country has been accentuated by the di 'ends paid to stockhold- ers. There would not be such a general aver- ion to the growth of these corporations if the )eople were able to buy their products at a lower price. I One would normally expect that the fabulous investments of money represented in all these corporations would enable them to produce beir merchandise in such volume and with suc efficiency that the general buying public would. ver a period of years, be immeasurably bene- [itted. Such, however,, does not seem to be the case. The Massachusetts Public Franchise League has sent to the members of their Legislature a letter containing data relative to increase in gas and electric com pany dividends between 1921 beld to be unlawful at common law, not only y th'e highest courts of England but of this country, and for the simple reason that the price of the commodity will be raised because he who has the sole selling of any commodity may and will make the price as he pleases. This problem is not one which concerns only a few. It affects the daily lives of every citi- zen in this country and is worthy of his careful consideration and study. O WHICH COLLEGE. Natural law and the written law of the Church hold parents accountable for the edu- cation of their children. During these June days thousands of Catholic boys and girls are receiving diplomas from the high schools. Sep- tember Will see many of these high school graduates, freshmen college students. In what kind of a college? Within the next few weeks their parents will decide. and 1929, with a comparative schedule of A word to such parents: On your choice of changes in rates paid by the consumers within a college may depend the salvationof your son Lhe same period. A glance at the repor of this or daughter. The Church wants you to send hands.' " The greater the scientist the more admits the limitations of human Lhe material world. He does much we know or are likely to Henry L. Mencken in his childish Gods." The great scientist is Nor does the great scientist because by the natural means at penetrate an analysis of the He knows that he has not even ultimate understanding of the and energy. No man could have ferreted out are three Persons in God. That could only come from revelation God. Christ by the Resurrection knowledge of three Persons divinity. We believe God That much He has deigned to tell 'needed to know. If we do not we must wait for that complete is the reward of the just in the ne t is Heaven, to know God perfectlY, i League shows immediately that there were very your child to a Catholic college. Why? Simply sometimes a foretaste of Heaven to large increases in dividends. These increases because She knows the dangers to which young good people fairly well in this life. men and women are exposed in non-Catholic collegesl The most precious gift that child of 7ours possesses is the Catholic faith. Are you willing to endanger the faith of your son or daughter? Listen to the words of Our Holy Father, Plus XI: "The so-called 'neutral' or 'lay' school, from which religion is excluded, is contrary to the fundamental principles of edu- cation. Such a school moreover cannot exist in practice; it is bound to-become irreligious. were made after the publication of the annual reports of the Department of Public Utilities was suspended. The period covered by these increases in dividend rates was one of a rap- idly decreasing cost of production of electricity. The report indicates however, that the rates charged by the companies failed to reflect this decrease in the cost of production. It would also indicate that they failed to maintain even "a respectable proximity" to the lower rates charged by municipal lighting We renew and confirm the declaration t plants. The dividend rate has increased from as well as the Sacred Canons in which the fre- 85 per cent to 150 per cent while there has quenting of non-Catholic schools, whether neu- been no proportionate decreasein the consum- tral or mixed, those namely which are open ers' rates, to Catholics and non-Catholics alike, is forbid- In the Epistle for Trinity Sunday the priest: "0 the depth of wisdom and of the knowledge of incomprehensible are His unsearchable His ways! For /vho the mind of the Lord ?" 0 AN IMPORTANT In a decision, last week the of the United Stat s in a livered by Chief Justice Hu junction issued by District restraining the Texas & New The modest consumer of the neCessaries of life finds no solace in the so-called "chain sys- tem." This is but another example of the growth of these tremendous, corporations, and the danger to America from this situation can- not be overestimated. For many weeks a radio broadcast has been made, warning of the dan- gers of the menace of the chain systems. They have sought to portray the iniquities attendant upon short weights and inferior qual- ity merchandise. They have attempted to bring to light the effect of sending the profits of business out of local communities to Wall Street. They have called attention to fathers and moth- ers who have hopes for their childrens' future of the practical destruction of principle by the development of this chain store proposition. They have called attention to the payment of "starvation wages" paid by such a system. They have called attention of the laboring class of the country to the iniquities of a system which will, if iVcontinues, make slaves of the masses and hold them prisoners under an economic system which will destroy individual initiative and per- sonal incentive. They have denounced dishon- est methods and sharp practices. The fight against the chain system is just be- ginning, It is not too much to prophesy that this country stands on the verge of an economic revolution which, because of the vastness and the growing number of these corporations to which I have been referring, will present a gov- ernmental problem as great as any ever de- manding the attention of our legislators. Dur- ing the past months a tariff bill has been enact- ed which has placed billions dollars of addition- al burden upon the American consumer. It will not be long before this burden commences to make itself felt. When it does a cry will go up against the extension of monopolistic con- trol which is and always has been "odious at law, inimical to public welfare and contrary to public policy." We have on our statute books the Sherman Anti-Trust Law and the Clayton Act. They were passed in order to prevent the greed of a few from bringing poverty and destruction in- to the homes of the many. A great wave of public opinion is forming, calling for the en- forcement of our anti-trust laws and for the securing of protection and guaranties to which the masses of the people of this country are entitled, which will prevent combinations and [consolidations of wealth from injuring the lib- erty which the people of this country have a right to enjoy. What i's the underlying theory of these tre- mendous corporations of which the chain sys- tem is but an example? It is the suppression of competition by a united management, agree- ment or concerted action. In the early days of this country it was considered a serious wrong to undertake to control trade by concentrating business in the hands of a few. The word "monopoly" has always had an iniquitous mean. ing. It speaks intolerance and privilege, but i' becomes.almost criminal when a situation created which brings the necessaries of life un- der its baneful control. As early as the seven- teenth century it was a violation of the law England to combine in such a way that competi- tion would be stifled. Monopolies have been den for Catholic children. The mere fact that a school gives some religious instruction, often extremely stinted, does not bring it into accord with the rights of the Church and of the Christian family, or make it a fit place for Catholic students. To be this, it is necessary that all the teaching and the whole organiza- tion of the school, and its teachers, syllabus and extbooks in every branch, be regulated by the Christian spirit, under the direction and ma- ternal supervision of the Church; so that Reli- gion may be in very truth the foundation and1 crown 0f the youth's entire training; and thisn in every grade of the school, not only the ele-] mentary, hut the intermediate and the higher] institutions of learning as well." (Encyclical a Southern Pacific system ganizing a so-called "company fering with the legitimate activities erhood of Railway and S its employees. Under the injunction the road" compelled to abolish the "company recognize the brotherhood, but ed to reinstate employees fusing to join the company ,,yellow ization. In the opinion, the tablished the principle that the ployees, under the 1926 railwal ' It lect their own representatives to employers in relation to co tr a property right or interest to injunction if necessary. Letter, Dec., 1929). In many of th, non-Catholic American col- leges today, the very fundamentals of religion and morality are attacked; false philosophies are propounded which undermine all faith. The existence of God, the existence of a soul, the freedom of the will and the very principles of morality, countless non-Catholic college pro- fessors openly deny. Speaking of conditions at a certain well-known American university, an editorial in a recent issue of "America" sage- ly remarked that the father who sends his boy to such an institution must possess "a son with the intellect and the saintly character of an Aquinas." Catholic parents know their responsibility. Furthermore, they should know that non-Cath- olic colleges can weaken and even destroy the faith of Catholic young men and women. Cath- olic parents who know all this and yet, without grave reason, send their children to non-Cath- olic colleges make one wonder on just what score they exclude themselves from the man- dates of this responsibility. O' ON THE MYSTERY OF THE TRINITY. Speaking to the American people during the Catholic radio hour recently, Rev. Dr. George Johnson, of the Catholic University of America, clearly expressed himself in these words: "Science is nothing more than the attempt to ferret out and to codify the laws of God that govern nature. The stars in the heavens whirl through space along paths that He has marked out for them, governed by laws of energy, motion and attraction, that astronomy has scarce begun to understand. Geology studies the laws that have governed the devel- opment of the earth. Botany addresses itself to the problem of plant life and reveals to us the wisdom of God as it is seen in the life his- tory Of the tree, the flowe 7, the shrub and the waving grain. The animal worlc is the domain of the biologist, and the mysteries of life be- .come less mysterious as his microscope discov- ers e /idences of order and harmony. The psy- chologist searches human consciousness and on the basis of his findings formulates the law that seem to govern the mind. Chemistry and physics raise their voices and join with the rest proclaiming that not blind chance of undis- .iplined force, but'an all-wise Intelligence di. rects the powers of creation. " 'The heavens are telling the glory of and the firmament declared the work of His After recognizing the & New Orleans company tion of a "company union" and and intimidate its employees t erhood, which secured a tern Notwithstanding the injunction, recognized "spokesmen" for the ion" which then claimed to izations from a majority of the fected. Contempt proceedings were the company and its officials, guilty by Judge Hutcheson of and nullified" the injunction. an order making the injunction injunction was affirmed by the Appeals and the company the Supreme Court, which sustain' sion of the lower court. The decision is important, fects the status of the so-called ions" on all railroads. It is held ions do not really represent the dealing with the company or in fecting wages and conditions of .O. C HEAPNESS OF THE Two years ago we were told it done. To make a six-c) expensive that the price would above the price being paid only four cylinders. And to motor with eight cylinders would much more than to manufacture cylinders. But what have we inders cheap as dirt, and eight much more expensive. WhenC! There may be other causes but that a certain four-cylinder car highways and byways is chiefly the decreased cost of the motor. Our chief worry, crease in cost of manufacture causes us real worry is that the come down sooner. An import at stake. If manufacturers the highest prices they can get stead of prices dictated by brotherly love, there will trial and social peace.