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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
June 20, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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June 20, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, JUNE 20, 1969 PAGE 5 The Question Box By Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Director, Diocesan Department of Education 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark. Don't present styles of of women offend against This seems to be es- true of swim suits, but extends to ordinary street -- The word "modesty" ad- of a variety of meanings. !commonly used, it refers to and external custom s which protection and effect to virtue of chastity. What we modesty allows of variations Custom according to times, and individual tempera- Excess at one period of may be allowable at another; is immodest garb in one may be quite acceptable Some other situation. may depend to some on place and custom, but an eternally valid reason: Is the external protection of the of chastity, which aims to attention on the more noble of man (which is his soul) Its domination over sexual life, to prevent temptations and dan- contrary to purity. purpose prevents modesty being a mere convention, standards of modesty from being reducible. As the dis- in man's sexual nature can- not be ignored, so neither can the modesty that protects it. The Christian sense of respon- sibility should lead us to consider seriously the possible evil effects of changing styles of dress. Not all forms of dress become ac- ceptable (as conforming with mod- esty) merely because they have be- Questions for this column should be addressed directly t o The Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. come commonly adopted. An atti- tude of "toleration" may some- times reflect unwillingness to offer resistance to deteriorating stan- dards of morality. Here there is question not of "tolerating" what is subject to variation, but of ac- cepting, in a spirit of defeatism, what needs to be changed for the better. Standards of modesty should be dictated not only by prevailing fashions, but by personal convic- tion, inspired by Christian faith, about the necessary relation be- tween modesty and chastity, and between lack of modesty and ser- ious sin. Q. -- Is it possible to offer one's Holy Communion for another person? A. -- The sacramental effects of Holy Communion bring benefit only to the one who receives It, just as the food which is eaten affords nourishment only within the consumer. Receiving Holy Communion, however, is a good woik which can have super-natural value as a prayer of petition. We can pray for all, both living and dead. Pray- ers and good works offered for others are less effective than those offered for oneself; but they are not without super-natural effect when they are presented to God in humble petition for the welfare of another. Good works have likewise a satisfactory value which, in vir- tue of the doctrine of the Com- munion of Saints, can be trans- ferred to another who is in the state of grace. Indulgences attach- ed to the receiving of Holy Com- munion may, for the most part, be applied to the souls in Pur- gatory. Q. - Is there a Conservative Catholic Church opposed to a Lib- eral Catholic Church? I was told that the former is universalist, the latter fundamentalist. RIGHT REVEREND EDWARD T. O'MEARA NATIONAL DIRECTOR It Hit Me With a Bang hard-hitting program of mission awareness was launched this year Catholic high schools across the country. The program, spon- by The Society for the Propagation of the Faith, revolved around called "We Are One" -- a psychedelic collage of music and Ires, portrayIng the contrasting values and opportunities of the 250 million teenagers. film has been a catalyst for student action and discussion. follows just a sampling of the thought-provoking .comments we about the film: of the film was to brIng about the realization that all of people all over the world are actually under one God." raised a problem but did not answer it -- this is a problem for of us to answer." can't overcome things alone and yet we can't push responsibility people. We must all share it." is something that shakes a secure, happy, untroubled existence -- fact that we should be troubled." all the groups In the film, the most self-fulfilled seemed to be the eople who cared, who gave, who helped. Only by going out of yourself you reach others and, ultimately, your innermost self." to you. I don't know where exactly but it makes you think!" movie at first seems to be slapping wealthy people. It seems to saying it is wrong to be rich. But if you stop and think for a me- n new idea on being rich develops. It is not wrong to be rich; is wrong to be able to share and then not to share with those who hit me with a bang. We really are one, aren't we?" students, however, did not rest with merely spouting fine about giving and self-sacrifice. They put their words into They washed cars, baby-sat, sold cakes, held raffles, spon- dances -- all for the support of their brothers in the Missions. The missions need your help in the summer too! and Service are the work of The Society for the Propagation the Faith. Please cut out this column and send your offering to Reverend Edward T. O'Meara, National Director, 366 Fifth New York, N.Y., 10001, or directly to your local diocesan ctor, Msgr. John M. Bann, 2415 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, A. - Our Lord did not found a "Conservative" Catholic Church or a "Liberal" Catholic Church. He founded a Church, which is no different from His Mystical Body. Catholics have no right to pur- sue doctrines unless they are con- sistent with the Word of Christ as made known through the Church. The Church is already "univer- salist," since it is meant for all men, and no one can find sal- vation without relation to it. It is already attached to "fundamen- tals," since it is founded on cer- tain objective truths of revela- tion which cannot change in them- selves, and which can progress, even in our understanding of them, only in consistency withpre- vious understanding. In fact, the Church, as Christ workIng through history, is the greatest fundamen- tal of all. Q. - Do all Catholics have to be buried in the Catholic Church? Is it wrong for a Catholic to be buried with non-Catholic religious rites? A. - Canon 1215 of the Code of Canon Law declares that, unless some grave reason prevents it, the bodies of the faithful, before being buried, must be transferred from the place where they are to the church where the funeral services according to the pre- scribed ritual shall be performed. Non-Catholic religious rites are not permitted in the burial of Catholics, except in very rare in- stances (e.g. death-bed converts whose family is not Catholic.) TRANGE _BUT TRU E [i00tle-I(.ow--. Fact, Cathoiic'00 By M. J. MURRAY copyright, 1969, N.C.W.C. Ne Service PULLING Cardinal Cooke Says Knowledge of History = ;ent Sane Reform Jamaica, N.Y. (NC) --True reform is impossible without "a knowledge of history, of past fail- ures and past successes," Ter- ence Cardinal Cooke of New York declared here, and persons "who are older in time" have an obligation to guide the idealism of youth. He said the "most encourag- ing element in student values to- day is the search for the sacred, and here, students are playing a truly prophetic role." Cardinal Cooke delivered the keynote address at the commen- cement exercises of St. John's Un- iversity here. He wasalso award- ed an honorary degree by the uni- versity. The cardinal said "theyoung are indicating in word and in act that man is truly, in his deepest nature, religious." They are, he went on, "plaint- ively asking a civilization which is materialistic in fact if not in theory, if there is not more to life than the size of one's income, or automobile, or swimming pool." Discussing the concept of "al- ienation" in contemporary life, Cardinal Cooke said "it can be good to be alienated, in the sense that we become more aware of our need for God and each other. It is the human condition to be alienated. "The very definition of any be- liever is one who is away from his true home," he continued. "In this life we are pilgrims, not permanent residents. Our rest- lessness, our yearing for perfec- tion, our ultimate dissatisfaction with any material thing are all signs of our alienation, implan- ted by God Himself..." A sense of alienation, the car- dinal asserted, "can lead to posi- tive, valuable, even prophetic in- sights. We must not refuse to listen only because voices we hear are young voices; we must not become encrusted and immo- bile," he said. "We who are older in time," Cardinal Cooke said, "have aduty to our own experience to tell it 'like it was,' and always will be... I think that as mature per- sons it would be helpful it we reflected calmly on the following points: That memory and a know- ledge of history, of past failures and past successes, is necessary to any true reform. Mankind is not born anew every 30 years, and cannot be expected to reconstitute all of his political, economic and moral systems without drawing on the wisdom of past experience. "That while the Church, made up of human beings like oursel- ves, is always in need of reshap- ing," he continued, "it is indeed relevant to a world full of hatred, injustice and fear; that it is the historical source of the very vir- tues that are held most dear by the young; that, if it should ap- pear irrelevant, it is only because Christian norms axe exactly the norms taken over by the state in its educailonai, welfare and civil rights programs... That 'instant paradise' must always remain an illusion; that outrage may be the ncesssary origin of reform but never a permanent state; that reasonable men demand answers, not obscenity, violence, or rhe- toric in reply to the question, 'What must be done?' " The cardinal concluded: "There are two great elements in any society -- its permanence and its ,progression. The just society tries to keep the two in balance. At different times, depending on circumstances, it will emphasize one or the other. "To be totally wedded to per- manence and to deny the needfor any change is to be dead, for only dead things can be said to be changeless. But to ignore the permanent values of our inheri- tance is not only to be ungrate- ful -- the mark of a petty man -- but also irrational. Such a pos- ture implies that change is in itself the only unchanging good... "Like all our goods, change is ambivalent. Yet, without it, we stagnate. On such a day as this, therefore, we should pay tribute to those who move us forward toward worthwhile change for the benefit of the human person and the com- mon good.