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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
June 16, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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June 16, 1923

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.% THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1923 @ . , PAGE FIIrE Stafford, the District week, one to a at Trinity to the of Catholic and espec- i class to the :Justice Staf- order, de- to the aa follows: fair as the of thy aid, thee hiaid! singing; ' are shed, they are ARCHBISHOP PLEADS FOR CARE OF THE OLD rod;. en- are tread: and tears, threading Years, cloud over- that darkness, hair; share. of thy prayer! discuss sev- concerning in Chi- ef his ] Pacific to time will COnditions La. of Cum-, the son of I a prominent! and son Walsh St, Mary's, of sheriff of years, and he was assum- June, after by Chief the only who his twen- except- on the trail] so far as With him re- I and on that I to Wound his escape. [ tenure of and at point Bexar I sworn to ] ,erienced a I factional] .the peace and' Other commu- fought crime he and those With him in that no pris- ever had cause (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) St. Louis, Me., June 5.--Archbishop Glennon in his sermon on the first Sunday f the month called the atten- tion of the large congregation to the annual report of Catholic charities in St. Louis, just issued under date of June 3. He noted that the general re- port contained the special reports "of 34 institutions and organizations, and while he spoke words of commenda- tion for all engaged in the work'andl for those who aided in meeting the cost of charitable work, yhich aggre- gated more than $932,000, he referred with special emphasis to the great and constant need of attention and kind- ness to the aged poor. "Our social service promoters, many of them/' he said, " do not know whether they ought to let the child be born, but they are pretty certain the old folks ought to die and get out of the way." Test of Civilization, "These old people have souls," the archbishop declared. "I tell you the test of civiliaztion and of culture is not, particularly, how you care for the young, but how are the older folks taken care of. "In the brute creation the young are cared for by their parents. Tigers, lions, fight to death for their young. That instinct of theirs goes out to the young, but as for the old they may go off and die. Not one of the brutes bother where the old ones die or how they die. They fell, and where they fell, there let them lie. Our civiliza- tion, in so far as we have any, is an advance over the brute creation, but how far have we advanced ? If we do no more than care for the young and let the old die we have not made much progress." ter Clotlfing Company, the trophy has risen in distinction from a mere sil- ver emblem to a symbol,?ore highly prized than which thcre io none to of- Walsh, fer to a Vanderbilt athlete. IL is an Price as unerasible stamp on the brow of any Maryknoll athlete who receives it, and is award- country led by the executive comnfittee only five years, after the most careful survey of every delegate of athlete perfornfing under Goh/ and Black colors. Kuhn was an athlete way back in the (lays when kids through brick headwork was responsible in no way, but his distinction jumped high above tlds level when he matriculated into the Vanderbilt field of letters--not arts and science letters. This is his fourth and graduating year in Van- derbilt and although the foregoing semesters of his athletic career have i been outsanding, it remained for this year to shove the football-ba.';ketball- baseball luminary into heights of a constellation. During the past year, Dec was "it" in everything except track. He (lidn't go out for track, but he cluttered up the line-up in every other branch 'of official recreation. As a quarterback on the grid team, his headwork was responsible in not trivial degree for the undefeated record left at the end of the season. He wm brilliant run- ner and tackler. Kuhn's job was run- ning the team. and it was run--run better than it has been run in a de- cade. In baskett)all, Doe's claim on the cup increased to within grabbing dis- tance. In addition to captaining tim squad, he was its pivot guard. Aml here again, he was steady, if not flashy. His experience and general knowledge of the game made him a fundamental necessity of the team, and many of the season's victories were centered around his defensive play. Grantland Rice was a great short- stop way back in the dead ages. And so is Dec Kuhn. Few college short- smiths ever fielded or hit on Dudley Field who wefe Doe's superior, lie and a popular best Uni- season. The OOtball team athletic s distinction Week when the Van- made the man- were men for and track Family the Porter leaf in he Tennes- the Per- SUPREME COURT DECIDES THAT PUPILS HAVE THE RIGHT TO BE TAUGHT FOREIGN LANGUAGES Issue Raised in Nebraska on Teaching German to Pupils Below Eighth Grade in Public, Private and Parochial Schools--Pro- hibitionHeld by Twenty-one States Judged Unconstitutional. Knowledge of German Language Not Injurious. Washington June 4.--State stat- utes preventing the teaching of for- eign languages to pupils below thd eighth grade in the public, private and parochial schools of Iowa, Ne- braska, Ohio and eighteen other tates were .declared unconstitutional 'y the untted States Supreme Court oday. Justice McReynolds in a majority opinion held that the Nebraska Su- preme Court erred in sustaining the conviction of Robert T. Meyer, a pa- rochial school teacher, who instructed a ten-year-old child in German. The Meyer conviction was originally ob- useful and honorable, essential, in- deed, to the public welfare. Mere knowledge of the German language cannot reasonably be regarded as harmful. Heretofore, it has been commonly looked ,upon as helpful and desirable. "The plaintiff in error taught this language in school as part of his oc, cupation. His right thus to teach aml and the right of parents to engage him so to instruct their children, we think, are within the liberty of the amendment. "Evidently the Legislature has at- tempted materially to interfere with ained under an act passed by the No- i the calling of modern language teach- braska gtate Legislature forbidding era, with the opportunities of pupils the teaching of any language except to acquire knowledge and with the EngTish in the schools, power of parents to control the edu- On the ground of the Meyer de-lcation of their own. cision today, the Supreme Court re- "It is said the purpose of the leg[s- versed the Supreme Courts of Iowa, lation was to promote civic develop- Ohio and Nevraska in four cases, ment by inhibiting training and edu- based on the same complaint. These[cation of the mature in the foreign cases were those of August Bartelsltongues and ideals before they couhl against Iowa, H. H. Bonning against l learn English and acquire American Ohio, Emil Pohl against Ohio and the ideals, and 'that the English language Nebraska District of Evangelical Lu- shouht be and become the mother mran Synod of Missouri, Ohio and tongue of all children reared in this ether'States and others against Gov-lstate.' ernor McKelvie of Nebraska and other I "It is also affirmed that the for- officers. . eign -born population is very large, In his opinion on tim Meyer case,that certain commtnities commonly f Justice McReynolds denied the right use foreign words, follow foreign lead- of the State to restrict the liberty of iers, move in a foreign atmosphere, t]'m individual and went on to say that mere knowledge of the German lan- guage cannot be regarded as injuri- ols--although the Legislature was actuated by a desire to make better Americans of school children, he said, yet it had attempted materially to in- terfere with the work of modern lan- guage teachers, with the chances of pupils to de/quire an education and with the power of parents to control their children's school courses. No sudden emerge:icy had arisen to make the knowledge of a language other than English harmful, the Just- ice said. Justice Holmes and Justice Suther- land dissented from the majority of the court, Mr. Holmes hohling m a written opinion that Nebraska had power to enact the statute which the Supreme Court today declared 'ob- jectionable. They further held that the laws should be tested for their effect on extending the use of Eng- lish. Freedom to Acquire Knowledge Justice McReynolds said in part: "The problem for our determina- tiol is whether the statute as con- strued and applied unreasonably in- fringes the liberty guaranteed the plaintiff, in error by the Fourteenth Amendment: No State * * * shall de- prive any person of life,liberty or property without due process of law." "While this court has not attempted to define with exactness the liberty thus guaranteed, the term has receiv- ed much consideration and some of the included things have been definitely stated. Without doubt, it denotez not merely freedom from bqI.ily re- straint but also the right of te indi- vidual to contract, to enh'age in any one of the common occhpations of life, to acquire useful knowledge, to mar- ry, estabMsh a borne and bring up children, to worship God according to the lictates of Jais own conscience, and generally to enjoy those privileges long recognized by common law as essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness by free men. "The established doc[iqne is that this liberty may not be interfered with, under the guise of protecting the public interest by legislative ac- can do both of them, and run bases tion which is arbitrary or without red- besides, sonable relation to some purpose with- These, therefore, are why the Per- [ in the competency of the State to ef- ter Cup went to him as the best ath- feet. Determination by the Legisla- lete of the university. They aren't all ture of what constitutes proper exer- tough. Kuhn is and has been essen- cise of police power is not final or and that the children are thereby hin- dered from becoming citizens of the most useful type and the public safe- ty is imperiled. Can't Coerce Learning of English. "That the state may do much--go very far, indeed--in order to improve the quality of its citizens physically, mentally and morally is clear, but tlm individual has certain fumtamentai rights which must be respected. The protection of th constitution extends to all, to those wtm speak other lan- guages as well as those born with English on the tongue.'. "Perhaps it would be highly advan- tageous if all .had ready understand- ing of our ordinary speech, but this cannot be coerced by methods'which con'lict with the constitution--a desir- able end cannot be promoted by pro- hibitive means. "The desire of the Legislature to y. foster a homogeneous people with American ideals prepared readily to understand current discussions of civic matters s easy Lo appreciate. Un'or- tunate experiences during the late war and aversions toward every charac- teristic of truculent adversaries were i certainly enough to quicken that aspi- I , ration. 1 "But the means adopted we think, exceed the limitations upon tbe power of the sate and conflict with rights !assured to the plaintiff in error. The interference was plain enougb, and no adequate reason therefor in time of peace and domestic tranquility has been shown. t "The power of the state to compel attendance at some school and to make reasonable, regulations for all schools, including a requirement that they shall give instructions in Eng- lish is not questioned. Nor has chal- lenge been made of the state's power to prescibe a currmulum or institu- tions which it supports. "Those matters are not within the present controversy. Our concern is with the prohibition approved by the supreme court. Adams vs. Tanner, supra 9, 5)4. pointed out that mere abuse incident to an occupation ordi- useful is not enough to justify its abohtmn, although regulatmn may be entirely proper. "No sudden emergency has arisen which renders knowledge by a child cff some language other than English sc clearly harmful as to justify its inhi- bition, with the consequent infringe- ment or rights long freely enjoyed. tially a sport and a gentleman. He has demonstrated a sense of fair play that has not been surprassed even by the bilities which accompanied it. Star in Prep School Doc attended prep school at the Ca- thedral High School and at Montgom- ery Bell Academy. He was an athlete then. Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Kuhn, his conclusive, but a subject to supervis- We are constrained to conclude that ion by the courts, the statute as applied is arbitrary and "The Alherican people have always without reasonable relation to any end regarded education add acquisition of within the competency of the state. knowlecIge as matters of supreme ira- "As the statute undertakes to inter- portanee which should be diligently fere only with teaching which involves promoted. The ordinance of 1787 de- modelm languages, leaving compleie clares "religion, morality and knowl- freedom as to other matters, there edge being necessary to good govern- seems no adequate foundation for the ment and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. Corre- sponding to-the right of coptrol, it is the natural duty of the parent to give his children education suitable to their stOat[on in life and nearly all the States, including Nebraska, enforce parents, didn't think so, when, as a very little boy, Oliver went to the store for beans. Oliver usually man- aged to play a little game of one-eyed eat on the way. Winning athletic honors simFly runs in the family. Doc's father, who" suggestion that the purl,vse was to I protect the child's health by limiting t his mental activities. It is well known that proficiency in a foreign language I seldom comes to one not'instructed at an early age, and experience shows that this is not injurious to tile health, morals or understanding of the ordi- is an A. B. and A. M. from Notre " ' C Dame, and h.xs mater, Miss " I t's obligation by compulsory laws. Agnes Kuhn, B. A., from St. Mary I Upholds Rights of Tt.achers ch held college, Notre Dame, Ind., ea I Practically, education of the young for three consecutive years at their/is only possible in schools conducted Alma Maters.the record of being th lent[rely by especially qualified persons best-all around athletes there, l who devote themselves thereto. The Therefore, unto Caesar etc. calling always has been regarded as ' EXPECT RESULTS FROM KING'S VISIT TO THE VATICAN Believe Palestine Friction Is Reduced. Pope's Alleged Statement Is Circulated. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) London, June 4.King George has been to Rome, has visited the Pope nd has returned to England without hav- ing left the Establish Protestant Church in the pocket of the Pope's soutane, as many Protestants of fer- vid imagination feared might happeo. For all that, however, it is believed in certain quarters that the royal visit to the Holy Father will not be without !IB00KS of INTE00ST[ I We did not hear the last of censor- ship when the New York Senate failed to pass a bill which would give to a few, or to one, the power to arbitrate for the many in the matter of litera- ture. At the booksellers' convention held in Detroit early in May the topic was an ever-present one, and be it said to the credit of that convention, there were high-sounding ideals voiced by those men who felt a responsibility for the type of literature their stores sold. This was the concensus of opin- ion. Of course, there was a dissent- As to the fears of the Protestants, the Catholic Times calls attention to a matter that is of the widest general Catho!ic interest. The journal recalls the fact that at the time of the elec- tion of Pius XI certain of the Anglican journals expressed the hope that the new Pope would see his way to remov- ing some of the more serious diffi- culties which separate Anglicans from the Catholic Church. See Response From Rome. "Here," says the Catholic Times, "is a response from His Itoliness. Of some results. For example, it is ,ing voice, but the minutes of that con\\; thought that a great deal of friction I vent[on show that motions were offer- m connection with the settlement\\;of, ed; that th.e op!nions of.those who fa- certain questions in Palestine will ,el vreu glwng the pubhc what they done away with and tha some of the wan,ed be stricken from the minutes. matters in dispute will come to a set- I Miss',..:. Ahern, editor of "Public Libra- tlement, res,", in the June issue of her maga- zine, has a splendid editorial on t:;e subject entitled "One Man's Meat Is Another's Poison," and Mr. George Ochs Oakes, in a recent address before the 1 ederatmn of Women's Clubs ot New York, says "The erotic tendeu- [cies of modern fiction are pcrriicious." Stirring was his appeal to the club , women and grave responsibility, he I said, rested upon the organization of women's societies throughout the land. When sugar was high the clubwomen boycotted it and by universal absten- tion the sugar profiteers had to reduce course it must be clearly understood fthe price. that the attitude of the Catholic i "Let the word go forth," he said, Church is determined by definite and "to the women of the country that you inviolable principles, but we ttfink the t who have wage(| a successful war oil Holy Father's words may be in',er - thebrutality, greed and avarice of the preted as a promise to make the ap- profiteers in material affairs, on cor- preach of' the Anglicans to the Cath- olic Church as easy and as free from obstruction as possible." This is a very significant statement, for the question of some sor of ap- proach to Rome is the all-[roper[ant question amongst practically all the "Anglo-Catholics." '['here is a dispo- sition in certain Catholic circles over here to look upon tlm "Anglo-Calho- lics" as unblushing imitators of all that is Catholic--a sort of imitated Catholicism without the Pope. As far as it goes, this is true. A1 the same time the "Anglo-Catholic': clergy are earnest and devout pastors of souls, and it is no more than fair to them to admit that whatever in Catholicism they imitate for its prac- tical spiritual value. PROVJDENCE RAISES $1,200,000 FOR HIGH SCHOOLS OF DIOCESE (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Providence, R. l., June 8.The $1,- 000,000 drive for Catholic high schools in the Providence diocese has resulted in an over-subscription amounting to approximately $200,000, with several local reports still incomplete. Bishop Hickey has announced that 70,000 persons contributed to tile fund and at least 51 parishes exceeded their allotted quota,s. In the cae of the Precious Blood Parish, in Woonsocket, the over-subscription amounted to ap- t)roximately $25,000. The campaign was distinguished throughout by a spirit of enthusiasm and friendly riv- alry among the parishes. It is marv, elos how our Lord sets His seal upon all that we do, if we will but attend to His working, and not think too highly upon what we do ourselves. foreign language case, said: "We all agree,. I take it, that it is desirable that all the citizens of the United States should speak a common tongue and therefore that the end aimed at by tile statute is a lawful and proper one. "The only question is whether the means adopted deprived teachers of the liberty secured to them by the fourteenth amendment. It is with hes- itation and unwillingness that I dif- fer from my brethren with regard to a law like this, but I cannot bring my mind to believe that in some circmn- ruptionists in civil life. and on the vul- tures who feast on our sociai body, are filled with passionate frenzy and implacable resolution to stamp out, by organized boycot L the debasing litera- ture which is now contaminating our \\; car(hn-tl virtues, impairing our moral values, lowering our standards; in fact, which are defiling the thoughts I and blemishing the very souls perhaps of your sister or brother, your son or your daughter. Call there be a more i exalted cause, can there be a graver incentive, can there be a more benefi- cial result, to command your inflexible purpose and inspire your loftiest zeal ?" This is only a single quotation from a very notable address, given with all the courage of his convictions. In so stating them, he went in opposition to the institution with which he is con- nected, Tlie New York Times, and his appeal shouht find a resounding re- sponse into our own hearts. C. CAMPION COLLEGE AIDS IN CELEBRATION OF MISSISSIPPI DISCOVERY (By N. C. W. C. News Service Prairie du Chien, Wis., June 10. Elaborate preparations are being made for the celebration to be held here June 16-17 to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the discovery of the Mississippi River by Fathers Marquette and J oliet. The point where the explorers first saw the great river, the confluence of the Wis- consin and Mssissippi rivers, is about i four miles south of the present city of Prairie du Chien. Campion College [conducted by the Society of Jesus to which Father Marquette himself be- longd, lies midway between the city and the juction of the two ,rivers. The college is taking a prominent part in the celebration planned for next month. STARVING GERMA, N CHIL- DREN':AIRIVE IN VIENNA What the after-war starving, and more recently the occupation of the Ruhr means to the children of Ger- many is not generally appreciated m our country, even although Cardinal Faulhaber has laid great stress on this phase of the situation. On the 16th of May, several train- load of children from the Ruhr ar- rived Vienna, there to find tern- in porary relief from the condition prey- stances, and circumstances existing, it. alent at home. Austria, only yester- T is said, in Nebraska, the statute might ! day, so to say, a victim of starvation, not be regarded as a reasonable or consider s it necessary to receive these even necessary method of reaching the German children, because its inhabit- desired result. !ants can offer them more than their "The part of the act with which we own oppressed parents. are concerned deals with the teaching The impression created by these of young children. Youth is the time children may be sensed from an art[- when familiarity with a language is, cle printed in the Neue Freie Presse, established, and if there are sections the leading Liberal daily of Vienna. ioI the state where a child would hear That paper says: "Children, stunted only Polish or French or German in their" growth, emaciated and spoken at home, I am not prepared[abashed, have lately arrived in Aus- I to say that it is unreasonable to pro- tria from the Ruhr country. All of vide in his early years that he shall fIiefit are of sohool age and have gone l hear and speak only English at school, through a time of severe privation nary child, i But if it is reasonable, it is not an and starvation. According to the "The judgment of the court below i undue restriction of the liberty, either I oplnion of our physicians, they are in must be reversed and the cause re- of teachers or scholar." a worse condition than were the Aus- manded for further proceedings not Justice Holmes concluded with atria n chilaren at the time they were sa } inconsistent with this opinion." statement that he was unable to Y taken to Switzerland and Nordic coun- Foreign Tongues Taught at Itome. ' whether the constitution prevented the tries by foreign charitable organiza- Justice Holmes, dissenting in the experiment being tried, t|ons." (C. B. of C. V.)