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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
June 12, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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June 12, 1920

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or 1927 or 1927 . is more de" papers and Lkould have large that J(] Quality Rector PP., XV, Perpetual Miss/on-- | Pope Leo XIII j "The Guardian" in I every home--our Motto. I ':' The Official Organ of the Diocese o Little Rock, Arkansas , Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, June 12, 1920 Numbs" 52 ,'3' 9 ;ary bprietor. '00co. STS' RETREAT CLERGY RETIRE FROM PAROCHIAL ACTIVI- SPIRITUAL INVIG- evening, May 31, the clergy of Little Rock, led by the Rt. Rev. Bishop at Little Rock Col- biennial spiritual retreat. mandate makes it oblig- priest of the diocese all his parish work and have to do only with of his own soul. Under retreat master, the ex- retreat are conducted centering upon the self- reformation and con- of the spiritual life and individual priest. The Christ Himself, is as their model, and meditation and con- life, His way and His is the absorbing subject exercises. S. J., Conductor. Albert Biever, S. J., of conducted the retreat This Jesuit missionary ' raaster is widely and most in the southland; in of service he has directed in every diocese from 'Vs., to E1 Paso, Texas. clergy now accredit Week of pious endeavors, spiritual regenera- degree over the years. Priest Present. of the diocese answer- call, 42 in all, which of the growth of the Arkansas. Only a few number of priests on reached 25. The religious orders in the Benedictines, the Fathers of the Holy Fathers of the Divine in active parochial diocese, attend the an- of their religious breth- held in the several The religious order the secular or die- up a priestly working 80 in the Diocese of Devotions. closed on Friday celebrated by the Morris, during which the priesthood Rev. and John A. Flah- Just finished the thee- at the diocesan sem- The Bishop was Superior of St. John's Rev. W. H. Aretz, the diocesan clergy and of Priests. event in the program .Ollowed the happy in- Bishop Morris, who be, as it certainly a trenchant reminder there present of the and the respon- priesthood conferred ago and in diverse the priests it presented an ordination occasion of their own, and memorable Incident. had as his assist. the ordination, his Rev. Father Galla Ark. Present in St. during the ceremony of the young Levite, and sister. By the Lordship, Father ble.4sing to his to fther sister bestowing it priests and semina- were recipients as .g by Father a native of Sa- eOnpleted his studies and was or- Little RocR die- during the was the Rev. of Little Rock friend ,of Father at, Catheda|. celebrated the 9 WARNING TO MEXICO RELIGIOUS RITES MUST BE SAFEGUARDED IS DECLARA- TION OF SENATE COMMITTEE. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, D. C. June 7.--A warn- ing to Mexico that intolerance of re- ligion, one of the striking phases of the growing anarchism that has brought that unfortunate country to its present plight, must cease, is sounded in the report of the subcom- mittee of the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee as a result of its long and exhaustive investigation. The report was submitted on the eve of the closing week of Congress and action, therefore, could not be taken upon it. But it will probably come up for consideration at the next session of Congress and might pro- vide occasion for a review of the en- tire Mexican problem. In the main, the subcommittee, of which Senator Fall o New Mexico is chairman, confines its recommend- ations to the safeguarding of the rights of Americans. It advises cau- tion, however, in the recognition of the regime recently set up with Gov- ernor de la Huerta as President and recommends that whatever govern- raent presumes to exercise authority be held' strictly accountable for injury to American citizens or the wanton destruction of their property. Religious Liberty Must Be Granted. But the recommendations regarding the rights of American missionaries, preachers, ministers and teachers, al- though not referring to Mexican citi- zens, are so forcefully drawn that the deduction may be made from them that any infringement of religious liberty within the republic will consti- tute a serious obstacle to friendly re- lations with the United States gov- ernment. These recommendations are: "Article 180 of the Constitution of 1917 shall not apply to American missionaries, preachers, ministers, teachers, or American schools, nor to American periodicals, but that Ameri- can missionaries, ministers, and teach- ers shall be allowed freely to enter, pass through and reside in Mexico, there to freely reside, preach, teach, and write, and hold property and con- duct schools without interference by the authorities so long as such min- isters, teachers or Tnissionaries do not participate in Mexican politics or revo- lutions. "This clause of thv Constitution provides that no one except . Mexi- can by birth, may be a minister of any religious creed in Mexico; that neither in public or private shall such minister criticize the "fundamental laws of the country, the authorities in particular or the government in general. "That no periodical of a religious character shall comment upon any po- litical" affairs of the nation, nor pub- lish any information regarding the acts of the authorities or of private individuals in so far as the latter shall have to do with public affairs. "That ministers are incapable le- gally of inheriting by will from min- isters of the ,same creed, or from any private individuals to whom they are not related by blood within the fourth degree, etc." MOTHER OF GOD. Mary is supremely worthy of the highest honors that. can be bestowed upon a creature. She is truly, really, the Mother of God, of Jesus, our Saviour and Redeemer. She is the "Sancta Dei Genitrix," the "Mater Dei," declared by Council of Nice that condemned Arianism, and ,by that Council .given us and perpetuated in the conclusion of the "Hail Mary," "Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour vf our death." o'clock Mass in St. Andrew's Cathe- dral last Sunday, with Very Rev. Dr. Aretz as master of ceremonies. Local lergymn and seminarians were in the sanctuary. Rt. Rev. Monsignor Tobin preached the sermon. Father Fletcher celebrated at :.his lome church, St: Agnes', at Mann, of which an account may be read in another column of the Guardian, After a short rest both " young Normal 'Training School For Our Teaching Corpsl TO MEET THE GENEKAL MOVEMENT OF SCHOOL STANDARDIZATION BOTH IN GRADE AND HIGH SCHOOLS AND WHICH WILL SOON BE AN ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT FOR TEACH- ING IN ARKANSAS SCHOOLS. DIOCESAN SCHOOL BOARD REPORTS Next Legislature of Arkansas to Be Asked to Enact an Educational Bill Recommended by the Association of Arkansas Teachers--Evidently Not Drafted Against the Catholic Church, But Comprehends the Teachers in All Schools. There is much ado all over the land concerning the question of education, its necessity, its systems, the methods to be adopted for reater popularity and accomplishment, the atempt to standardize these methods of study, in order to create a more efficient, literate and loyal citizenship. SERIOUS QUESTION. It is a most serious question for all of us. In its scope it enters into national, state and community life. As Catholics, it enters into our diocese, our parishes and our homes. RECONSTRUCTION DAYS. We are in the days of reconstruction and the attainment of lofty ideals in our several fundamentals for a more progressive national existence. It seems to call for a higher standard of education on the part of those who are to train and teach the young Americans of the future. LONG MOOTED QUESTION. These lofty ideals are not of post-war birth. They have been of mooted question for several years past, before our legislative committees, federal and state, with the fellows of our universities, the faculties of our colleges and academies, the teaching staffs of our high and graded schools, several and each ,all have been seeking the practical solution of the question, "How to educate along the lines of efficiency and progress." STAND ARDIZATION. It appears that the the general consensus of opinion at present answers the question by demanding the standardization of system, staff and study in our schools. FOR ALL SCHOOLS. It s an American school question and as such insinuates itself into the spirit and the life of all school teaching the Amercan children. Hence is it, as it ahvays has been, a question with the directors of our Catholic parochial schools. Bishops, priests, teaching broihers and sisters, lay teachers, all have been cooperating with the federal and state authorities to attain for the students in their Catholic schools the desirable standard of educational effi- ciency and progressiveness. SEEKING THE BEST. A 1} V I C E TO BRYAN SENATOR KENYON FELLS HIM IT MIGHT BE WELL TO STUDY THE CATHOIJC BISHOPS' PRO- GRAM. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, June ].Following his declaration "that the church has not used its right influence to bring the employer and employee together in harmonizing and in securing co-oper- ation," William Jennings Bryan was today advised that it might be well for him to look at the Reconstruction Programme of the National Catholic War Council. The advice came from Senator Ken- yon, chairman of the Senate Commit- tee on Labor and Education, before which Bryan was testifying. The committee had under consideration legislation to carry out recommenda- tions of the second industrial confer- ence. Bryan Not Up-to-Date. Bryan had expressed his opinion that the church, meaning the Christian churches, had not been the harmoniz- ing influence that it might be expected to be. Senator Kenyon then asked him whether or not he had seen the pro- gram of the Catholic Bishops, out- lined in the Reconstruction pamphlet. "I would advise you to look at it," said Senator Kenyon. Bryan's Testimony. The testihony of Bryan before the committee was one of the most in- teresting phases of the hearing. Part of the transcript is as follows: Mr. Bryan: "There is something that no law can furnish; there is some- thing that no peace plan can provide; there is something that no regulation can afford; and that is the spirit that is going to bring these people, em- ployers and employees, together, and I have been distressed at what seems to me to be an antagonistic spirit, and I have been disappointed that the churches, which to my mind represent the true spirit," have failed to live up to their opportunities and their duties. Here in Arkansas to the very limit of his resources, Rt, Ray. Bishop My disappointment has been that the Morris, of the Little Rock diocese, with the hearty cooperation of his priests church hm not been the harmonizing and people, has ever sought the attainment of hat is best in the education influence that it might be expected to of the thousands of children studying in the colleges, schools and academies be." ef his diocese. Every section of the state can give attest of his educational The Chairman: "Is not the whole endeavors, in the foundations of Catholic colleges, academies or parochhial situation a good deal of a challenge schools. Their records as to efficiency and progress up to date, as been at to the church?" par .vth the public schools of the stae, at least at par, as every unbiased educational expert must and does acknowledge. EVER READY TO COOPERATE. If standardization in education is to give greater efficiency, is to make the schools more progressive, then have the educational directors of Arkansas a forceful cooperator in the Bishop of the diocese of Little Rock. ALERT TO PRESENT DEMANDS. Alert to the demands of the times, anxious to seek or and attain what- ever is good for his diocese and his people, the present trend of educational thought and effort, enlisted his interest and caused him to call to conference the Diocesan School Board, before whom he presented the question with all its angles for their serious consideration. DIOCESAN SCHOOL BOARD ENLISTED. The Diocesan School Board immediately convened, and wigh mature delib- eration on the many aspects of the proposed educational bill as outlined by the 7" :achers' Association of Arkansas, submitted to Bishop Morris the fol- lowing report: Report of the Diocesan School Board in Regard to Educational Conditions that Will Obtain in the State of Arkansas to RT. REV. JNO. B. MORRIS, D. D., Bishop of Diocese of Little Rock. The general movement of school standardization, both in grade schools and high schools, in the United States, has reached the point where legisla- tion is attempting to establish a comprehensive national standard. The standard desired by American educators is one that includes every depart- ment of school life and whatever is considered to be intelligent and loyal citizenship. The first aim was to be attained by the passage of a bill known as the Smith-Towner bill; the second, by passage of a bill known as the Kenyon Americanization bll..The first, as yet, has not passed the Congress of Vhe United States, and its adoption is a much debated question. The gist of the bill is that control of all American education will be in the hands of a centralized educational board in Washington; that appropriations will be made by this board for the pu,rpose of bringing the schools of the United States, through federal and grate aid, to a niform high standard in studies, in material equipment and a capable teaching staff. The purpose of the second bill is to instruct all American citizens, and especially those of for- eign-born birth, in the fundamentals of good American citizenship. The purpose of both bills is, apparently, the creation of a more efficient, literate and loyal citizenship in the United States. The result of the passage of both these bills will be a very marked change, especially in small and rural schools, in equipment, and, most espe- cially, in standard of teachers instructing. In obher words, our parochial school system in this state and in all others has reached the first real crisis of its existence. And since the State of Arkansas intends to pass a bill sim- ilar in nature to the Smith-Towner bill, tn regard to the standard of teachers, we have arrived at a very critical state of affairs in Arkansas. Summing up the question shortly, it appears that unless the teachers of our parochial schools be brought to a ceain standard within an allotted time, our schools will be closed, due to a lack of recognized teachers. It should be here noted that ths bill is not drafted against the Catholic Church, but coinprehends the teachers in all schools. The purpose of the state is to take the follo,in" g raendhtions, mde Bryan Distressed. Mr. B-yan: "If I understand the Christian religion, for that is my re- ligion, the creed of Christ is not only I sufficient to solve this question, but to solve every question, and I know of no other creed that so completely fits into every man's needs, and it has distressed me as a member of one of the branches of the Christian church, that the church has not taken hold of this problem and has not used its mighty influence to bring the em- ployer and employee together in har- monizing and in securing co-operatlon. Universal Brotherhood. "If there is a God, He created both the employer and the employee; if there js a Christ, He died for both the employer and the employee; and if there is to be established an universal brotherhood, it must include both the employer and the employee. And if these propositions be true, and the church can not deny them, if they be true, then it seems to me that the church today can have no greater call upon it than to address itself to these questions and not be satisfied until it has spoken peace in the industrial world, as it ought not to be satisfied until it has spoken peace in the world at large." Bryan Did Not Read Bishop's Program. The Chairmani "Have you seen the program of the Catholic Bishops, Mr. Bryan ?" Mr. Bryan: "No, I have not." The Chairman: "I would advise you to look at it." Read Presbyterian Report. Mr. Bryan: "The Presbyterian Church has just adjourned its general assembly at Philadelphia, and they passed some resolutions. I saw the report in the paper, and they covered a great deal of this, although it seems to me that they do not go as far as they might, I think the Methodist church did the same thing the ther day in Des Moines. I think there is a great tendency to do it---" The Chairman: "And the Baptists MT. ST. MARY'S GRADUATION SENIOR CLASS GOES OUT FROM "THE MOUNT" EXCELLING IN NUMBEI AND STUDIOUS MERIT The senior class of the Mount Saint Mary's Academy held its commence- ment cxercies Friday night at Mt. St. Mary's Aca'emy, attended by the parents and friends of the graduat- ing class. The auditorium was dec- orated with palms and tim class colors of purple and white predominated. About 100 members of the school were seated on the platform. The Rt, Rev. John Baptist Morris, D. D., Bishop of Little Rock Diocese, made the commencement address and distributed the honors to the gradu- ates. A musical program was given, including three songs by the school chorus, an "Indian Cradle Song," sung by Misses Doreen Cyrier, Gladys Per- rine, Jewell Campbell and Madeline Steen, and the class song, "Alma Mater," by the seniors. :>. MYSTERY BOOK Valedictory by Miss Delilah Du- Charme. A few short months ago we opened our books on our last scholastic year; today we close them. With school days we are done. The period of preparation has passed, and now placed within our hands is the "Mys- tery Book"--or that which we cal Life. We wonder what this Mystery Book is like, what it will be, what is before us. What this strange volume holds for each of us--we who are en teeing that untrodden realm, which is life, real life. The worhl is no longer a playground, but a study-place for thought and action and duty, and in our young inexperienced way we are beginning to realize something of its significance. You, who are here to- night, have read the Mystery Book we are ready to read. Then, friemts and patrons, do you wonder that we pause and give serious consideration to the situation. We observe and: ad- mire the career of many of you, who, in your chosen walks of life, have won honor and renown. And then the question ariseswhat of our,'elves? We stand before you tonight, four- teen young, untried live, upon the threshold of a new era, a new exist- ence, where all things will be differ- ant; our attitude toward the daily oc- currences of life must soon take on another form; soon, as free agents, must we think and plan and act in accordance with our best judgment and our years of training. The dear teachers who have so long labored for our advantage, the hearts and hands that have so unceasingly and solicit- ously directed us, will soon be far dis- antstill at their task of assisting others--while we must needs learn to apply their teaching to our own daily drcumstances and surroundings. So at this point arid at this place, n a few fleeting days, shall we open the "Mystery Book!" Here, in Mt. St. Mary's Study Halls, have the years of careful preparation caused u to real- ize the meaning and purpose of the more serious chapters in the "Mystery Book," so when its pages lie open before us they may be perused with earnestness and understanding. Beloved teachers, these classmates and myself are well aware o the long ours and studious thought you have given in our behalf; we now re'el this as we have never felt before,"and for this reason and for our unceasing re- spect and devotion to you, we wish to express our loyalty and loving thanks before biddin you adieu. Beautiful Mt. St. Mary, how can we leave you, Mother of ours! It is here we have learned the dearest lessons of life;, learned to cultivate the finest and holiest instincts within us. Here we have 'learned to bear and fol, bear; to consider and to love; to asist aria to solace; for the sake of others to forget self; here, through year of patience on the part of our" instruct- resses and perseverance on our parts have been inculcated those lesson" of life--the useful, the helpful, the good. Not only the most splendid in 'trricuo lure has been prowded fo' our ad- vancement, but the most eXclusiVe and most cultured of precept has been consthntly before us. " And now the abiding love arid'faith and apprecistlon of the Graduating Class of 1920 are expressed, in the heartfelt words--to all--we thank :r" by the Association of ArkaBsas Teachers, a# o, last session, and embody have also done it." you. And, too, w trst that St. priests, ;will be asigned in them in a bill that, due to its apparent pronssive imd'patHotic purpose, Mr. Bryan: "Yes, ! have no doubt Mary's and her faculty may .never the di0ese .... ' ' " (Continued' cm I"} .................... 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