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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
June 9, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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June 9, 1923

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PRESIDENT of NOTE OLD KLAN BY PROSECUTION Bernard Maline, U. S. A., headquarters in the was the guest of of the San Antonio luncheon in the the Gunter Hotel. About i knights and ladies were representatives of the and civic organiza- city. was the principal a most stirring and along truly parr[- in part: ' fourth degree Knight of eery proper, appropri- way to give pub- of my faith in this or- as a means for fos- religious concepts for fostering ideals of Which cannot, I believe, be ritual of any other the country. of the beautiful the Catholics are so are probably not that the Knights of J emblematic of the faith million Catholics out and seventy-six of the world. Sta- I Referred to Organization as a Crimi- nal Association (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, June 4.--The legal bat- tle in the Federal Court at ,Chicago Between officials of the Anger[can Unity League and the Ku Klux Klan has served to focus attention upon the possibility of legal proceedings against the latter organization such as were taken by the Federal govern- ment to curb the Klan of Reconstruc- tion days. What these methods were and the effectiveness with which they were used is learned from reading of official messages and reports of that time. Report Made to Grant A report mde to President Grant by the then Attorney-General, George H. Williams, April 19, 1872, and transmitd by the President re the House of Representatives, indicates the success with which the Federal authorities had combatted the Klan conspiracy to prevent enforcement ef the federal laws. Grant's Characterization of Klan That President Grant entertained no doubts as to the character of the Klan of the Reconstruction era is THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 9, 1923 PROTEST OF FRENCH RELIGIOUS LEADERS AGAINST SOVIE'r (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, May 24.The text of the protest recently announced in a cable to the N. C. W. C. News Service, against the Soviet religious persecu- tion, drawn up and signed by the prin- cipal representatives of all the reli- gmns practiced in Paris, is as follows: "Violent persecution is raging in Russia. "The Soviet Government is attack- ing the religious idea, without dis- tinction of faith or worship. It is an open fight, the avowed object of which is to uproot religion, which is considered as useless and dangerous, from the soul of the people. "In order to arrive at this result, all means are employed; the confiscal tion of church property, the profana- tion of the churches, temples, and synagogues, the parody of religious ceremonies, official atheistic schools, prison, torture and death. Everything is done to insure the success of an un- dertaking which is at the same time sacriligious and anti-social GALWAY PROPOSED AS TRANSATLANTIC PORT KU KLUX KLAN IS STRONGLY DENOUNCED By Judge Reynolds of Dallas, "Life" Member of Klan (Southern Messenger, San Antonio) Judge Preston P. Reynolds of Dal- las, a "life" member of the Ku Klux Klan, is now in Houston as "Kamelia Herald," as the direct and personal representative of William Joseph Sim- mons, founder and emperor of the Knights of the Invisible Empire, ac- cording to the Houston Chronicle of May 23. Judge Reynohts frankly states that his mission in Houston and elsewhere is to "clean up" the klan. In his addresses Judge Reymlds is telling of the most remarkable series of situations that have developed in the fraternal or political life of the nations. The judge tells of "intrigues in the palaces and debates in the kloncilium;" of plots and counter plots; of the employment of the "es- pmnage of the harlot" and the ma- chinations of the blackmailer; of the use of klan funds in the "subsidizing of the dirtiest little sheets that ever disgraced the name of journalism;" of the appointing of men to high office in the klan whose riminal records are known across the country and against whom indictments for high crimes are on record. to verify when we of religion but if accept the data of as the World Alma- accept, as the most con- that of the total the limits of the not less than 15 per while no other single an equal number oi Testimonial we can not absolute- yet we know total number of Catho- S. is about 15 per cen the total number our flag during reached as high as 40 organizations and more than 15 entire army. This is to the exalted thrives with the cul- ideals and wlich fostered by the 'ortunity to witness the world war in your operations on [antic; I did have see something of that your opera- by wise counsels. there' was clean, and courageous. rnade upon my mind that upon my re- States, I sought to become a organization and Is- t fOurth degree knight. cordial support of the high ideals, Country, tolera- and patriot- organization so raised in a corn- Protestant. Among I have in the world Protestant Faith, r expeienee with all I have never been that down in the is I had opportu- of expressed. k the battle fields of he splendid specta- Protestant swish rabbis, all at lives, Striving, as Gbd's work, to car- the wounded, and to for the dead, I es of life and reveal us all shown by quotations from hi.,t mes. Dublin, May 24.Galway has one sage to the House of Representatives, of the finest harbors in the world. Un- April 19, 1872, to which was attached the'report of the Attorney-General from which quotations wer given. Referring to the Klans in certain counties of South Carolina, President Grant wrote: "They are connected with smilar combinations in other eountie', and States, and no doubt are par' of a grand system of criminal associations pervading most of the Southern States. The members are bound to obedience and secrecy by oaths which they are taught to regard as of high- er obligation than the lawful oaths taken before civil magistrates. Systenfatic Perjury -"They are organized and armed. They effect their objects by personal violence, ofter extemling to murder. They terrify witnesses; they control juries in the State courts, and some- times in the courts of the United States. Systematic perjury is one of the means by which prosecutions of the members are defeated. From in- formation given by officers of the State and of the United States and by credible private citizens, I am jus- tified in affim;nz that the instances of criminal violence perpetrated by these corbinations within the last twelve months in the above named counties could be reckoned by thou- sands." ,CINCINNATI TO HAVE $177,000 DEAF SCHOOL (By N, C. W. C. News Service) Cincinnati, June 2.A committee of leading citizens has undertaken a campaign to  raise $177,000 to build a new St. Rita school for the deaf. There are 130 Catholic mutes in Cin- I einnati, but plans call for buildings to ] accommodate 600 irrespective of re-] ligious faith. Children may enter. I from * other cities and other states, ffl they desire. Promoters plan a rood-I ern center for education of the deaf. I end day with a puvlic meeting in the I Opera House. Letters were received from Cardinal Gasparri, who convey- led the blessing of His Holiness, and I from Governor Small, Bishop Shahan, rector of the Catholic University of America, Msgr. E. L. Spaulding, chancellor of tht Alton diocese, Unit- ed States Senators W.B. McKinley and Medill McCormick and other prominent citizens. Rev. Dr, John A. Ryan, director of the Department of Social Action of the National Catholic Wel- fare Council and Professor of Mdral Theology and Industrial Ethics  the Catholic University, celebrated the silver jubilee of his ordination today. national promi- Fromaz, Jub.!ee recently and the seven- of the Church of ke is pastor, lln 1913 and 1914, on the question of a tw -day' celebra- "Socialism--Promise or Menace ?" He Judge Reynolds charges that he klan funds have been and are being fortunately, it is not utilized. Local paid to two Texas weekly papers, to bodies are agitating for the estab- one in Chicago, another in Indiana, lishment of trans-Atlantic port there, and one in Washington. This port, if established, would short- 1 Goes Into Politics en considerably the sea voyage be- It is further charged that the or- tween Europe and America. Another result wopld be a considerable acces- sion of traffic to Ireland. 'A deputation representing the Gal- way Chamber of Commerce, the Gal- way County Council, and the Midland Great Western Railway recently put the claims of the port before the Free State Ministry of Industry and Com- merce. The Minister admitted the un- rivalled natural facilities of the har- bor and told the deputation that there was no barrier to future development if lcal interests in the project be- came aroused and active. Dr.. Ryan gained nence as a result of a controversy with Morris Hillquit, carried on in the columns of "Everybody's Magazine," THINKS KING'S VISIT TO ROME WAS TO EFFECT UNION OF CHURCHES London, May 24.--Lord Gisborough, who organized the London Protestant opposition to the Royal visit to the Pope, has covertly hinted that the purpose of the Royal visit was to bring about a union between the Ro- man Catholic Church and the Church of England. The Protestant peer. is confident that such a union is impossible--as no doubt it is. He predicts that the Ro- man Catholic Church will not yield, and that only one Church will survive --the Roman Catholic Church. In which he is fairly near to the truth. It is learned from private sources that the recent Protestant agitation gave the greatest offense in very high quarters, and that the cause of mili- tant Protestantism has not advanced itself at all bp these tactics. UNANIMOUSLY VOTED (By N..C.W.C. News Service) London, May 28.--The House of Commons has unanimously adopted the resolution moved by . P. O'Con- nor, M. P., in favor of the complete equality of Catholic and other schools fin England. The resolution was as follows: I' "Resolved, that the present system of imposing upon the Catholics of England the burden of building their own schools is contrary to religious md economic equality, and that the system of complete educational equal- ity existing in Scotland should, with the necessary changes, be adopted in England." Objections advanced by one or two aembers of the House were with- drawn before the motlon was put. PRESBYTERIANS SHOW RESENTMENT 'TO TOTAL Wa attended by a all parts of the in by almost of Jacksonville. creed. The ''Daily a Jull-sized Special of fou pages and by tim thou- at the ceremonies. his 'Pastoral duties, of Routt s in them- Latin, history, eco- no charge department. Prod, ram which had a eommtttee of par- the eelebraflo ended on the so- has been for many years regarded as one of America's most eminent au- thorities on industrial problems. Born in Minnesota in 1865,. Dr. Ryan graduated from St. Paul's Semi- nary in 1892 and was ordained in 1898 by Archbishop Ireland. He studied for four ye, ars at the Catholic University and then taught for thir- teen years at St. Paul's Seminary. In 1915 he Joined the faculty of the Catholic University. Notable among his books are "A Living Wage; ' "Francisco Ferrer;" "Distributive Justice" and "The Church and SoCial- ism nd Other Essays." Dr. Ryan observed his anniverrY without ceremony. Yesterday he de- livered the baccalaureate sermon at Trinity Coiled. ABSTINENCE PROPOSAL piladelphia, June 4.Passage of a resolution that Presbyterians sign a pledge of total abstinence, said to be the result of the dominance of Wil- liam Jennings Bryan at the recent In- dianapolis convention, is resented by many presbyterians of Pennsylvania, and has been termed variously as "an insult," and directly at variance with the doctrines of tl/e church and as un- PreSbyterian. This opinion is said to predominate in reports from several hundred leading ministers and laymen of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Del- aware. Many of the leaders are out- spoken in heir opposition, it wu e. ported, and' several have declared they will not sign such  pled der has been diverted from its origi- nal purpose as an eleemosynary in- stitution and put into politics and that $50,000 was recently expended in the municipal campaign in Chicago. Judge Reynolds claims that arbi- trary proclamations of banishment of klansmen have been issued, that char- ters have been suspended and revok- ed; klansmen intimidated and coerced; and members threatened and brow- beaten. That the organization of the Invisible Empire has been brought to the verge of revolution. $3.00 Graft He charges that immense salaries have been paid; that $3 has been kept from every initiation fee of every klansman coming into the order; that money has been appropriated for wrongful purposes; that armed men have been kept around the Imperial Palace, that an arsenal has been main- tained. "We have in our ranks," said Judge Reynolds, "klan druggists who are now bootlegging whiskey. Those in charge of klan affairs have been us- ing money thatwas raised for the purpose of caring for helpless widows of klansmen to debauch the ballot and pin, chase offices for klansmen. This unbearable situation must bee ver- come and the klan must undergo a thorough cleansing.' CHICAGO FEDERATION ADMITS NEGRO CHURCHES (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Chicago, J'une 1.--Admission of representatives of negro churches to the Chicago Church Federation, was granted at a meeting of the executive board of that body yesterdap. The concession takes in the churches of the several colored Methodist and Baptist denominations, which hereto- fore have been barred, and was made on the approval of the committee on racial relations. It was stated that from 30,000 to 40,000 negroes come into the north from the south every year, and the action of the Church Federation is intended as a welcome to them into the Protestant fold. ENGLISH PILGRIMAGE TO LOURDES REPORTED FULLY BY DAILY PRESS London, May 22.Something like the ages of Faith was revived in Lon- don, when one of the greatest pil- grimages of modern times in Eng- land left the Victoria railway station for Lourdes; one train consieting of sick cases, and the second of those either well or able to look after them- selves. English Protestantism was very much in the background as, to the strains of a popular hymn in honor of the Blessed Virgin, the "pink" train left the platform carrying its load of sufferers on the waY to the French shrine. The concourse of the station was crowded, many non.Ctholics be- ing present. Yet the scene was one of great reverence, and heads were bared as the hymn sounded out from the train with its pilgrims. Formerly rather cynical about such things s Catholic pilgrimages, the secular press of England has publish- ed the most sympathetic accounts of this pilgrimage, describing the inci- dents as if England were a Catholic eount, and a pilgrimage to seek the help of the Blessed Virgin the most common-place and everyday went. PAGE FIFE. TO WITHDRAW FROM ' * ........ I BOOKS of INTERES]] EUROPEAN AfflWgIES Washinon, June 5.n vne re- I spect, at least, the withdrawal of the I United States from activities in Eu- rope will ,be received with unanimous approval. That is the winding up of the work of American relief organiza- tions. Formal decision to discontinue the operations of the American Re- lief Administration in Russia only awaits confirmation of the reports of prospective harvests ample to supply the present needs of the population. Colonel Haskell, in charge of the Ad- ministration, has reported that the task undertaken has been done. Some time will be required to wind up af- fairs and effect a complete with- drawal. Similarly it is reported from Mos- cow that the Catholic Relief organi- zation in charge of Father Walsh is awaiting word from the Vatican. It is probably that it will discontinue op- erations during the summer. If the Russian harvests prove to be as large as expected the danger of famine will be removed from Europe generally. The Near East still con- stitutes u problem but that will be- come simpler with the restoration of Russia as a source of food supply and the establishment of peace between Turkey and the European countries. CAPTAIN MAC CULLAGH BACK FROM RUSSIA London, May 28.Captain Francis MacCullagh, whose accounts of the trial of Catholic ecclesiastics in Rus- sia did much to arouse the Christian conscience of the world, has arrived in London. Captain MacCullagh is giving a series of public lectures at King's Col- lege, Lend,on, on the Soviet persecu- tion of religion; and he'is being sup- ported by distinguished personages among Catholic, Anglican, Jewish and Free Church elements. Tl e owner of the Daily Telegraph is acting .as chairman. Joan of Arc An Anglican act of reparation to St. Joan of Arc will take place at Winchester Cathedral on May 30. when a statue of the saint will he placed in the new shrine constructed behind the high altar. The statue is the gift of private members of th, Anglican Church. ALABAMA CITY FORBIDS MASKS Selma, Ala., May 29.The City Council Of Selma stopped efforts to organize a Ku Klux Klan lodge here by the passage of an ordinance at its meeting last night forbidding the wearing of masks or disguses on any street or other public place within the police jurisdiction of the city. Severe penalties of fine and impris- onment are provided for violation of the terms of the ordinance. Every civic organization of the city, togeth- er with the American Legion and all county and city officials combined in a protest against the Klan. WANTS INVESTIGATION OF MINN. KLUX FIGHT t r M nnepolis, Minn., May 29.North Star Klan No." 2 of Minneapolis, in executive session, last night adopted a resolution asking an investigation of its activities in Minneapolis by the Imperial Palace Ku Klux Klan and refusing ta surrender its charter. William Elrod, editor of The Fiery Cross, official publication of the Klan, issued a statement Saturday in which he said that he would recom- mend that the charter of the Klan be revoked and that several members be suspended because of its activities in distributing a paper libeling Mayor George E. Leach. The resolution was telegraphed to the imperial wizard of the Klan last night. FOUR CHAPLAINS WHO SAW SERVICE AT FRONT  AT MEMORIAL DAY MASS Chicago, June 1.--Four CathOlic chaplains who saw service in the "The nursing profession has this advantage over the library profes. sion," one more learned than I said, "it isn't so limited. The Sisters are always looking for Catholic girls of strong character." And so they are, for in the training classes of Catholic Hospitals, there is an opening for more Catholic girls than the library affords. If one can't speak from the expe- rience, resulting in the call to that profession, surely he will be toler- ated for speaking out of the experi- ence o:f some nurses she has known. It was the appeal to service that animated a high thinking, well edu- cated, p_operly balanced woman, and prompted her to leave a home of lux- ury, that had so shielded her from the world tha her first contact with it proved almost more than she could bear. To a St. Vincent's Hospital she went for training, and .the relating of her first day's experiences, when she was invited "to go the rounds" with one of the nurses was amusing in the tragedies it presented to her. The odor of chloroform, of ether, the sight of the operating room, the hesitancy she felt in going into the room of a patient--:-a man--referred to by the nurse as a "boy," all combined to make her awakening into the world of reality too sudden. She took the next train home, and began to study stenography privately. Some months later, she accepted a place in a busi- ness office, and feeling that her lack of experience was a handicap, she do- nated her services for a few months. Those months and the months that followed, convinced her more fully that for her, the field of service was not in that given line. Her high sense of conscience, that prevented her from accepting' salary until she had added experience, is a necessary attribute for any nurse, and that "divine dis- content" kept urging her to make an- 'other attempt at her chosen profes- sion. So a second time she went, this time far away from home, and her re- membrance of her probation days has not been dimmed by years. To one of the largest of the Eastern Catholic hospitals she went for the completion of a course that has succeeded in mak. ing her one of the best nurses in a large city. The souls she has saved from the doom that awaits those, who die with- out baptism, have been numerous enough to plead for the s!ritual wel- fare of her own soul. The comfort she has rendered the dying, the con- versions she has witnessed and helped bring about have been he spJrituaI rewards for days that have been filled with exacting demands. So I know of no profession that of- fers such a field for service as that of the nursing profession. The corporal works of mercy one can fulfill in the exercise of the ordinary duties em- brace almost all of the seven. To comfort the afflicted, to bear wrongs patiently, to isit the sick, to bury the dead, these are embodied in the daily routine. What opportunities are open to those, who have the desire o be a nurse! Training can be had in the Catholic Training School which are a part of many Catholic hospitals. These schools offer courses in moral ethics, along with the sciences of the body. They make provision for the spiritual welfare of a nurse, so the Mass need not be forgotten or omitted in the Sunday schedule, and they pre- pare one spiritually, mentally, physi- cally for that very high and holy ser- vice--the profession of nursing. Now you will be prompted to ask what has the subject to do with Book Notes? But I can link the subject with Margaret Fletcher's "School of the Heart," with Virginia Craw-ford's "Ideals of Charity," with Dr. Kerby, "The Mission of Charity," with "The Life of Florence Nightingale," by Cook, or with the still more wonderful letters, which passed between Flor-. ence Nightingale and Cardinal Man- ning. Letters which may be read with and profit by all those who dying to be g now work, or a thick of the fighting at the front,. participated in the Field Mass and,VATIO00tM C.mCU Memorial services, over the graves of,  Utqq,lt L 125 overseas dead at the memorial I plot of the Catholic Veterans of the World War Memorial Association at Mount Carmel Cemetery on Wednes-I daYR'ev" John L O'Donnell, cltptalnl chaplain of the 132nd Infantry, Thir- t ty-third Division, was the celebrant of DME DEFINITELY (By N. C. W. C. Cable/ Rome, May 28.--The date for the the Mass; Father .Harris A. Darche, reeonvening of the Vatican Council lieutenant chaplain of the Sixth Ms- i has been set for October, 1925, it was rings, wounded and gassed at Chateau announced hare today. Preparations Thier and once reported dead, was lure under way to perfect the technical deacon; Rev. John P. Campbell, chaP", orzanization to enable the council to lain l-4th Field Artillery, was sub-, function effectlmsly and, to care for deacon, and Rev. Lawrence W. Fraw- I members of the hierarchy who will ley, chaplain of 78th Field ArtillerY, come to Rome from all parts of tl delivered the memorial sermon. [wori& :,