Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
June 9, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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June 9, 1923

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i i: i / 17 }J PAGE TWO gf006000000imt Published Weekly by THE CATIIOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 809 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter blarch 21, 1911, at the poatoffice at Little Rock, Ark.. tlndcr the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879, SUBSCRIPTION PRICI.,'.. $:00 'FILE YEAR CIIANGE OF AI)I)RESS When a change of address is desired the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. C()R RESPONDENCE Matter intended for pubhcatlon il The Guardian shoohl reach us not later than Wednesday mortfitg. Brief news corrcspondcnce is alceays walcome. The kiudncas of the clergy in this matter is cordially appre- ciated. REV. GEO. If. McDERMOTT .................. Managhlg Editor All coolllltnlications abotlt "The (uardiau" sbouhl ha addressed to the Rev. Geo. lt. Mel)ermott. 307 West Second Street. OFFICIAl. AI'PROVAL The Gtnn'diao is the oflicial organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may he an earnest champm 1 i tt e cause of right iuaticc and truth and an ardent dcfcldcr ol tile rcligou which we al rove so well. ] extctl to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may he long and prosperous. 1,4 JOIIN B. MORRIS, ]lishop of Little Rock. N Little Rock, Ark., Saturday, June 9, 1923 Third Sunday after Pentecost. --O-O "Now there remaineth: Faith, hope, and charity, these three; ut the greatest of these is charity," reads the epistle 'of this Sunday. 0-0 The "Question Box" requests an answer to what is the meaning of "dragon." We may refer to Webster, who defines a cLragon as: A huge serpent; fabulous animal, powerful and ferocious; a fierce, violent and very strict person; the larva of a British notodontid, having a worm-eaten appearance. 0-0 We wonder if the Gideons will adopt and dis- tribute the two latest Bible versions, the Potsdam copy by Kaiser William and the Palm Beach copy by William Jennings Bryan. When writing for reservations at your summer hotel, be sure and specify as to room, bath and bible O-O Pulaski County must be looked upon as a real" klan laundry, where all the dirty shirts of the invisible factions may be washed and ironed out. The kluxers would have us believe that they are sure of the judges and juries in old Pulaski, and lJerhaps they are. We doubt it, however. 0-0 lesident Harding warned the Shriners against "menacing organizations, banded together for mischief, to exert misguided zeal to vent un- reasoning malice, to Undermine our institutions." The President of the United States holds such or- ganizations as not of brothemhood, but "the dis- cord of disloyalty and a danger to tYfe republic." But where does President Harding come in down this way, when we have a Simmons, an Evans, a Clarke and others directing the Arkansas 'brand of brotherhood and sisterhood ? Poor old Arkan- sas, now the refuge of klan and kam, the Easy State of the nation! O-0. The invisible "upholders of the law" declare that they will not uphold an act recently passed by the New York Legislature compelling them to come out in the open, unmasked. They are truly our shirred loyal citizens,, of law supremacy. o-o One of the visible signs of an "invisible meet- ing" is the whiisp of hay scattered along the roads leading to the mount of the fiery cross. These tell the hayseeds, hillbillies and boobs wherethey may find the grand dragon dragging out the koin from the pockets of otherwise sane citizens. O-0 Many of our American dailies might follow the example of the Daiy Herald, London, which cov- ered a recent scandalous divorce case, day by day, with this heading: "The Details Are Too Inde- cent to Follow." That there are sin6ere attempts to throttle the publication of divorce details is seen in a bill now before the House of Commons, to fine and imprison editors who print accounts with indecent matter or medical, surgical or physiological de- tails. 0-0 Georgia and Texas are cleaning up on the klan question. The leaders have decided now on Ark, ansas as the most fertile field for the propagation of their boob-plarlts. Little Rock has )een selected as the national headquarters of the Kurus, making of our fine city a place to be avoided by all who are in the pursuit Of hnes and happiness. From the view of business or booming, this latest prom- inence given to Little Rock is truly a catastrophe. 0-O Governor Smith of New York when he Signed the repeal of state aid for the federal police did so for the same identical *reasons that moved three of the seven members of the United States Su- preme Cou to hand in a minority decision when that court considered the Volstead act from tile angle of state rights and concurrent police activ- ity. We did not hear of any editors or ,politicians calling the three supreme cotirt j udges traitors or debauchers of the constitution. Why this howl ' fiver the decision of Gov. A1 Smith? - - Cw, Taking a cue from an English editor, who at THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 9, 1923 a Pilgrims' Society banquet said the less tal[ there was about "American cousins" the better , would be for all concerned for, after all, Ameri cans are foreigners to Englishmen, the New York Times observes, that whilst the sentiment would be painful to some persons it was a perfectly proper one, for Great Britain and the United States are as distinctively separate countries as any other two countries; and then very wisely adds "That does not mean that they are or need to be enemies." O-O It is a well-known truism that one can always find it easy to accuse others of that of which he himself is capable. Non-Catholic writers are for- ever charging the Jesuits the unmoral maxim, "The end justifies the means," and yet they them- selves do not hesitate to fall back on it when nec- essary. In "An Outline of Wells," by Sidney Dark, we find this perfectly sane and natural sen- timent, "All right-minded people will certainly condemn Mr. Polly's desertion of his wife, his deceit in allowing her to think that he was drowned, and the whole of his proceedings at the Potwell Inn, to say nothing of the preliminary arson" marred by this conclusion. "But the right and wrong of any action can only be judged by its results." Here we have three wrongs c0ndoned--the de- sertion of his wife, the fraudulent collection of i,nsura'nce money and tt scandalous intrigue with kn'other woman because Mr. Polly with his poetic temperament was no longer happy with his wife, the stupid Miriam Larkin, for whom he felt an element of reluctant dislike, even on his wed- ding day. And still some people see no unsound and unwholesome views of life in light literature. O-0 AN EDIFYING REPORT Although "The Guardian" is primarily meant to be a record of the progress of religion in all its phases in the diocese of Little Rock, it interests itself in the activities of the Church elsewhere, especially within th% Province of New Orleans. One activity outside the state that has at- tracted our attention and that is the work that is being done for the support of the orphans of the diocese of Natchez, Miss. According to the re- port for 1922, which" is now before us, $11,057 were raised; and, considering the small Catholic population, that is edifying. We observe that whilst thanking all with a grace all'his owfi, Bishop Gunn singles out Water Valley for special commendation, and the compli- ment is deserved, for we find that 130 Catholics contributed $1,065.40, putting them next to Natchez and Vicksburg, which of course, are the big contributors. Judging by the efforts put forth in other southern states in behalf of orphan children, the Bishop of Natchez has reason to be proud of the Catholics of Mississippi. T. 0-0 WHY LAWYERS DEFEND 'THE GUILTY. It argues great sinlieity, on the part of those who affect to be scandalized at lawyers who plead the cause of the guilty n our courts, and yet' the question is frequently asked in the columns of Catholic papers I It will help to understand the question to keep I in mind the distinction between civil and criminal I cases. In civil cases there is no difficulty, when one party unjustly ,claims what belongs to an- other, for then no consdientious lawyer will help him to press the claim. But in criminal cases the question is different. In order that no injustice be done it must be proved that the accused is really guilty, for it is a wholesome as well as a sound principle that "every man is innocent until "1 " he is proved gm ty, and hence when the prisoner. who is arraigned states, in answer to the question of the court, "Not guilty," ke is not regarded as telling a lie, even though he is actually guilty, for translated into popular language he means to can- vey this meaning: "I do not make a confession of guilt, but leave it to the court to find me guilty only if the evidence prove my guilt." As a crim- inal act calls for punishment it stands to reason that the charge,must bd proved, for it is so easy I to be mistaken, and that is the fufiction of the l lawyer for the defense to attacl the evidence, and [ to show the court that it does not establish the I guilt beyond all doubt.. For this reason no high-] minded lawyer need to hesitate to undertake the defense of any criminal, for both the civil law and fnoral theology approve such an undertaking. He might ,indeed decline to act as a matter of taste, but i should never be suspected even that a lawyer appearing in court in defense of a cim- nal is doing anything that is not in perfect keep- ing with the ethics of his profession and the moral teaching of the Churh. T. .O-O THE VICIOUS CIRCLE. o When Catholics claim to prove the Church by the Bible and then turn around and prove the Bible by the Church they are accused of arguing in a circle, and the process is designated a vicious circle In former years the taunt of arguing in a circle was avoided in this way: We first took the Bible as a historical document, acknowledged ,to be genuine; and in it we found historical evidence Jf the foundation and constitutim of the Church. t'he Church was thus proved historically to be the authorized teacher of revelation. But the Church teaches that the Bible is the inspired word of God. Hence, on the authority of the Church, vce be- lieved that the Bible was something more than a mere historical document. But in mddern times it is not so easy to avoid the accusation of pro- ceeding in a cir61e, and if we quote the well-known saying of St. Augustine to the effect that he would not believe the Bible if the Church did not say so, we expose ourselves to the taunt that the circle in which we reason is a vicious one. The reason for the difference is the change in the attitude towards the Bible. Nowadays the old implicit belief in the Bible has largely disap- peared, and that veteran in controvery, Father Hull, the learned Jesuit' of Bombay, makes this suggestion to meet the new situation brought on by the spread of rationalistic criticism: "The modern controversialist will have to go a step further back, and prove that the Bible is really a historical document, for it would be a waste of time to say to the average sceptic of our day, that a tex is genuine because the Church says so, or that the Church is true because the Bible says so. Instead he would have, according to Father Hull, a choice of two courses either, first, to prove the genuineness of the Bible as a starting point for proving the Church; or, secondly, to prove the Church' on historical or moral grounds independ- ent of the Bible, as a starting point for proving the Bible, and in this way all suspicion of a vicious circle is avoided. T. O-0 HISITORICAL WAR RECORD. "Catholic war records" were included among the recommendations made by the late Cardinal Gibbons in his letter of 1917 to the American Hierarchy, which urged "united action" and "im- mediate consideration" of several questions. As a result of this specific recommendatioh, an office was established by the ational Catholic Welfare Council for the purpose of gathering into one archival center all the materials which have any bearing' whatever upon the ,story of American Catholic activities during the World War. The work involved in this task, compared with the scope of similar commissions on war records throughout the country, shows that the Bureau of Historical Records of the N. C. W. C. has a minimum greater volume of material to handle than any of these, with the" one exception of the archives branch, of the War Department. The greatest number of men furnished to the service by any state during the war was about 500,000, which came from New York. The Navy Dopa- ment had as a war-time personnel 663,743. Thus the work of these-respective war records sections is limited to these figures. In contrast with these it is interesting to irate that the smallest quota of records with regard to Catholic men and'women in the service is placed at ,830,791. While this is the minimum, there is not a parish in the country that coes not claim to have had many more service men than the estimated quota. Thanks to the zeal of the hierarchy and clergy, the Catholic press and Catholic organizations gen- erally, several hundred thousand names of service men have been gathered for proper identification with regard to state, diocese, town and parish There remains, however, a considerable amount of work to be done in acquiring a complete list from every parish in the United States. In many in- stances it is a matter merely of sending in the names of those who served during the war. tn other cases it has been found necessary to com- plete the list sent in during the war and amended to include all those who served under the colors down to the day of the armistice. In the next few months no effort will be spared to obtain these missing names. Each parish is asked to complete the list, as " soon as possible, of all its men who joined the colors during the war. To have the correct data on Catholic war work it has been found necessary to undertake the task in the various dioceses by parish districts. There EDITORIAL is a'danger that marly names" will be lost on ac- count of the limited residence of certain ,persons in any given parish. HoWever, 5 per cent of any parish's 1918 cen/sus gives an approximate quota; and from the records received so far, it would ap- pear not to b a difficult task to assemble such a quota in any parish. The applied percentage ob- tained from a close examination of deaths of Catholic service men which have been authenti- cated gives an average of 10'0 men in the service per Catholic parish throughout the entire cuntry. The w, ork of collecting the Catholic war records is important. 'If anything like the exact figures is to be assembled the task must be completed now. Any extended delay may result in the loss of much valuable material which it may not be possible ever to assemble again. At the sam time it ought to be pointed out that the very best answer to the repeated charges made against American Cath- olics and their loyalty to the nations lies in the "records of those who have served the nation in the INTO qHE Issue between democracy "and "Invisible Empire" has been join ed' New York, and is likely to prc brethren of the Ku Klux before the ended. New York's Assembly passed since been signed by Governor that all organizations within the shall file lists of their officers with the attorney general before The law is frankly aimed at the to compel that entertaining romantics to come into the sunlight rest on their pallid brows, may know to whom it is napings, floggings, church positions of the higher as these anxious guardians of our nation On Sunday, May 26, the klan mass meetings of the knights c over New York and voiced brave government. They declared obey the law. On the same general for New York and the throughout the state evinced a take quick action just as soon as the lV effect this week-end. . " The klan will undoubtedly York that biting off extremely large liable to create indigestion, or worse. lenging on of the most politically coU] ernors in the east, and by lining side of civic order, it has lost already.. The entire eas will watch skirmish with interest, for the issue in state is that of sanity, courage, decency and intelligent citizenship ardice, illegality, coercion and igI Globe. o-o  DON'T KNOW WHERE TO The Lord's Prayer has been move the thought of death," tha Laine, official of the Council of Onfario, Canada. The ments also were recently "revised. someone decides he can improve the B: iconoclastic age it wouldn't some. morning and find that t snoops has voted to amend the law laekson (Tenn.) Sun,. Hundreds. of boys and girls ;his spring from our grade and is next for them? .Are'they to be they to be absorbed in the graduation day, never to be lon as they live, except perhaps mentions their wedding or death? day, so 811-important in their a fairly large incident in a things, or are they never agam to thrill of having accomp worth while? The answer is pdrents. It is rarely necessary well educated parent that the ,schooling to become a force in is extremely difficult to make :a who has had to stop school earl self fully realize the value of aned take 0nly a few years more of to give your child a .genuine edU Will never regret it as long as true that there are many educated, but it is also true instances does a person without, a obtained either in the school roo reading, suceed in any Denver Catholic Register. o.o___.....  :: CLEAN-CUT Having been inveigled ous oath of the Knights o The Masonic Journal of Africa, on learning, that ,it was a withdrew it and apologized, doing so ly, frank fashion: It is disconcerting to find misled into printing especially when what is served odium upon a society many thousands of honorable but the information we have lishing the document in th character (coming as it does and even Masonic sources) that  "taton in saying the evidence that the oath isl*spurious, and certain parties in America whO ical purposes ..... We have sincere regret that vce in casting undeserved hour of its peril. These, to be of any valud, must I Knights of Columbus, a society ' be accurate and complete. ] tegrity, . . WhOse objects, aP sr In the general task of assembling these figures Iance scheme and th furtherae he Bureau of Historical Records of the N. C. W:| faith are "to promote such soCt h " I intercourse amog its C asks for t e support and acttve co operatmn of n members every CathOlic i'n the land. /able and proper "--Av Mar o !