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June 6, 1998     Arkansas Catholic
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LIC I J JUne 6, 1998 Page 5 An educational section of ARKANSAS ; CATHOLIC news in of the Catholic Church By Barb Mlnczewskl DIRECTOR OF RELIGIOUS EDUCATION and over we hear God say: I will be your God and you will be my people, The covenant made by the people through Moses was the framework within which the bib- lical world lived and understood their relationship with God and each other. Sin was infidelity to the covenant, a refusal to live up to our part of the bargain. Throughout the centuries sin has been viewed in dif- ferent ways: as a violation of the law; a lack of perfection over actions, emotions our thoughts; a failure to com- pete to succeed, or as actions expressly forbidden. What sin's meaning sins, or again as sins in thought, word, deed or omission. The root of sin is in the heart of man, in his free will according to the teaching of the Lord." (CC #1853) Sins can be evaluated according to their gravity, ei- ther venial or mortal. In venial sin we fait r in our com- mitment to God but do not alter our fundamental com- mitment to God. Mortal sin is rejection of our responsi- bilities of the covenant. The catechism states: "Mortal sin destroys charity in the heart of man by a grave violation of God's law it turns man away from God, who is his didJesus teach about sin, He taught that sin or goodness ultimate end and his beatitude, by preferring an inferior was in a persons heart. Sin is the refusal to love as God good to him. Venial sin allows charity to subsist, even ' * " 5 news of Jesus Christ found in the Scripturesloves. Jesus taught that sin is not violation of a law, it is though it offends mid wounds It. (CC #185 ) reveals the Father's mercy to sinners. Jesus came to a violation of person. (The good Samaritan story) The Important to remember that mortal sin always involves all people to conversion, which involves a turning biblical reality of sin is not directly connected to any three conditions that must together be met: a grave n what does not lead us to God and the huilding up particular acdon, the fbcus was rather on the meaning matter, which is chosen with full knowledge core- r -he reign of (;od in our world. WhCll we read mid of the action, the significance of the action ff)r God and plete cousent, Mortal sin is the opposite of conversion. [etlect on the Scrioture we can begin to see what might others, and the effect upon a person's relatiouships, lit mortal sin a person turns from God, says no to their . .!tnful attitudes or actions iu our hves. In the Cat- Some of the biblical words for Sill are: stubbornness, responsibiliues of the covenant. It must be a fully human ccttts the definition of sill is: obstinacy, refusal to listen, and repent, a saying no to action, not something that takes us by surprise or an "An i" ' offense against reason, u'uth, and right conscieuce, God that manifests itself through various internal atd- accident. A mortal Sill is usually preceded by a gradual allure in zenuine love for God and neighhor caused tudes and external actions. Sill could today be described breakdown of the inner unity of a person. The catechism O" 8. 'J a perverse attachmeut to ccrufin goods. It wounds the as a failure to love God and serve God, a state of inde- is dear on this when it states: It is important for every a! re ofmau and iujures human solidarity" (CC #1849). pcndence, assertion of self-sufficiency not needing God person to be sufficiendy present to himself in order to h.We live in all age'of disunity and discord. A oncness or others. A hardness of heart, ears that won't hear, eyes hear and follow the voice of his conscience. This re- s been ruptured, and conflict and division can be seen that won't see, that shows itself in the failure to grow and quirement of iuteriority is all the more necessary as life amany areas of life, and we often experience a sense of deepen our relationship and knowledge of God. Sin could ofteu distracts us ii'om any reflection, self-ex uninadon 6 gmentation. One of the basic foundational principals also be seen as a failure to lse our gifts and talents for or introspection. (CC #1779) ].Our faith is: All of life created for unity, with nature, building up the reign of God. Attitudes underlie our While the catechism says that sin is a person;d act, it : self, with others and with God. The call of Jesus arid external actions and sins, and our sins reflect our sense also says that we have a responsibility for sins committed FI ,tather is to wholeness and" unity, we pray for the of the presence of God m our lives and God s clmn by other ; by participating direcdy or voiuntm'ily in them, Spirit to brin us unity at each Eucharistic prayer, upon us. We have a covenant with God. We will be His by ordering, advising, praising or approving them, by not :aey created us inUthe imace and likeness of God, who people, and He will be our God. disclosing or not hindering them when we have all obli- fa COmmunity of oerson, ather, Son and Holy Spirit. How do we say no to Cod and his ways and life withhi us? gadon to do to, or by prote ting evil doers. (CC #1868) t,' Ugh the Incarnation of Tesus Christ, his being truly Today the ultimate sin may be idolatry. What do we Today it is important to determine whether one has Lal~aal . . -' $i- ' and truly dwme, they deepened our sacredness, worship as God today? What is the uldmate in our lives committed a venial or mortal sin, we also need to be ibe the fragmentation of that unity and sacredness, today? What or who is the controlling influence in our more aware of the effect of all sin on others, the mean- _ oIn is first and foremost a break of a relationship and life? What can we not live without? The worst idolatry ing of our actions on others, the atdtude that underlies : s#' I raitment between eople and God. Sin is rebellion today may be self idolatry, not needing God or others to our actions, and that all sin in some way affects the tcrs: ! Go #d j hi-' d mxd makes no sense apart from our recog- help us become who God is calling us to be as individu- Christians community and the coming of the reign of f00f ,: on of the presence of God in our lives and obliga- ais and as the People of God. God. As we continue our preparation for the coming [ to Him. Why? Because our God, the God of theThere are many of kinds of sins. "They can be classed jubilee year let us all reflect on attitudes we have in our of Moses and Jesus, committed himself to us according to whether they concern God, neighbor, or hearts that hinder the growth of love, and our living and [ -.,u expects us to live up to our obligations to Him. Over oneself, they can be divided into spiritual and carnal practicing our covenant responsibilities. N =rstanding Our Church ew deacons will provide their services to God through sacraments deacon in a historical (biblical context), namely the call While these deacons are not called Reverend nor A Word on , rlpture and Father Francis i. Malone, JCL of the original deacons to be of assistance to the apostles (the bishops) as the latter went about the primary mission of the proclamation of the saving message of Jesus Christ. The Acts of the Apostles gives us the foundation of the ministry in the early Church. In the Church today we have men who exercise the diaconal role either in anticipation of priestly ministry, or in the case of the newly ordained as a permanent diaconal ministry. The scope of the ministry of the deacon encompasses a variety of responsibilities: he may proclaim the gospel and the homily; he is considered an ordinary minister of the Eucharist, distributing the body and blood of Christ to the faithful, and conducting Exposition and Benedic-, he time this column is being read the Diocese lion services. He may baptize infants and small babies, Little Rock will enjoy the presence of 12 new officiate weddings, conduct the rites of Christian Burial, Them men have completed a process begun especially vigil services, committal services and the rites of tour years ago in discernment, and now sealed in Christian Burial outside Mass, While this list is not exhaus- :rament of holy orders for them and for the tive it highlights the ministries an.d servi s most common :h. However, in spite of over two decades of the in all Catholics. In many parishes ana in me mocesan tion of the permanent diaconate in the Church offices, deacons are frequently .a 'gned to other roles aeermto he a continued state of confusion about became of their expertise in hospstal chaplaincy, finance, s, not so much in reality of their presence, but parish mlminim' on, prison work, .retreat mm menm and undermmdin$ of their scope of their ministry, lay minisu7, In whatever mtnisw/they are assignm.., art, of what service is the deacon in the Church? are comidered to be .co4vorkm with the bishop in liturgy, o answer this question we must put the role of the Word and sei e. do they wear the Roman collar, they are members of the clergy, recipents of sacred orders with the impostions of the hands of the bishop upon them. Their simple liturgical garb is the traditional vestments of a deacon: an alb and stole (worn from the left shoulder across their chest and down their right side). On more formal occasions they may wear a dalmatic, which though similar to the chasuble of the priest, is sleeved. Yet we must remember as they WIU remember that the vestments are but a sign of that to which they are called in the sacraments of the holy orders. As one reflects upon the moving and grace-filled ceremony of diaconate ordination, the future of the Church in the Diocese of Little Rock looks all the more promising because of the commitment of these 12 men. May they proclaim the Word of God entrusted to them by the bishop. May their services at the altar, in our parishes and in specialized ministries bear fruit for the Lord and His Church. May we their priests and the people to whom they have been sent receive them as ones called by Cod to lead us on our journey to eternal life. C, on qaion in North Liub a mm ' or