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Little Rock, Arkansas
June 4, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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June 4, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, JUNE 4, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THECATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 309t/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911,  the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under thee Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and ! praF God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defe'der of the rellslon we all love so well. i extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All omnunieatlone about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and an matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian offtce not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, S09 West 2nd. Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock Council, No. 812 22.00 Pmrapuld Council, No. 1713 ........... Fort Smith Council, No. 990 ............ Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ............... Blytheville-Osceola Council, No. 2857 .... Texarkana Council No. 2650 .............. Pin: Bluff Council, No. 1153 ................. Stuttgart-Slovactown Council. No. 27S0-- Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ................ JUNE 4, 1943 "I! by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but i[ it means the liberty o[ at- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own mysel[ willing to part with myhare ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheeriully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others [or the privilege of not being abused myselL'--Franklin. PLAIN, DOWNRIGHT NO.GOOD! If you want to sell us Americans some proposition, don't use logic, for heaven's sake; just get a violinist to play "Hearts and Flowers" and then start talking about widows, helpless babies, and cruel villains. All sorts of bad ideas get in through that back door. Take mercy-killing, for. instance. Notice the name. And then ob- serve how they never say that it means just gassing some help- less old man or wringing some cripple's neck. Oh, NoI It is a "putting tc sleep of the suffering," "'an end to pain," "the bringing of rest to weary heprts," etc. Or birtil control: they don't talk of it simply as that. They make it "planned parenthood," "advantages for all chil- drank .... relief for mothers," and all the rest of it. Fortunately, though, we happen to fall for a good many noble ideas through our riotous generosity and good neighbor- liness: the corporal, if not the spiritual, works of mercy, for instance. That's how we happen to be in this war. Yes, our na- tional honor was assaulted at Pearl Harbor, but now that we have our glasses off and our sleeves rolled up, regardless of how we felt before the war, we might as well admit that we loathe everything that Hitler, Stalin, and" Hirohito stand for. We abominate cruelty; we have a.contempt for treachery; we idealize purity and Christian decency. We're fighting for that as much as for any reason and, whether Americans realize it or not, this is a holy" war. We're fighting for the principles around which our American way of life is organized, and those are sacred axioms. If it's wrong to beat a man to death with a length of rubber hose, it is because God said so. If it is wrong to break a solemn treaty, it is because of God's law. If it is wrong to bring children into the world outside of marriage, it is because of the Sixth Commandment. There is no other reason. We are forced into the position of declaring, as medieval society did, that as citizens, the atheist and the agnostic are just plain downright no-good. They're parasites. They're not worth their salt. They're just nogood Americans. And the sooner they realize it themselves, the better it will be for them and for us.Rev. Richard Ginder. THE FAITH OF OUR CATHOLIC MEN ENDURES The exemplary church attendance of Catholic men in the armed services is well known to us. The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass offered in the camp chapels or in the cruder surroundings of the fields of war is the occasion of a great gathering of sold- iers and sailors who love the faith brought with them from the peaceful atmosphere of their homes and parish churches. A re- cent news dispatch gives us another side of the picture--these same Catholic men captured and made prisoners of war in en- emy countries continue to h01d fast to the practice of their re- ligion. Catholic soldiers constitute 35 per cent of the United States troops held in prisoner-of-war camps in Italy. Inci- dentally that confirms the estimate of Catholics in all branches of the armed services although the navy has been credited with a larger percentage. These men, we are informed by the Vatican Information for War Prisoners created an excellent impression by regular and devoted practice of their religion. The lot of a prisoner of war is not an easy one and it will be a consolation to many a Catholic parent to know that at least some of their sons will be strengthened by the Sacraments, Holy Mass, and the faith. SAY YOUR PRAYERS UNDERsTAND1NGLYI Some people are shy and self-conscience when meeting strangers for the first time. Not knowing whether they have much in common or not, they are inclined to be tongued-tied. These same diffident people are full of conversation with those whom they know well. They have many mutual interests and they delight in talking about them, even down to the minutest detail and even though it is repetitious. People who say that they find it difficult to pray are ad- mitting that they are shy and self-conscious when talking to God, their heavenly Father. Sometimes it is haste that makes the prayer unsatisfactory to the one praying. No matter how hurried one's life, time can be taken for prayer. The time-worth prayers will take on new meaning if a person pauses after each phrase and develops the ideas which the words suggest. One of the Saints has said that a person could spend his entire life thinking of the first two words of the "Our Father. '' Praying thoughtfully (and that must be slowly) is a habit that can he acquired. It is like becoming better ac- quainted with a close friend; then there is more to talk about. Surely if the meaning of prayer were properly understood, the thought of praying would quicken the heart. Time for conversing with God would be looked forward to as an en- joyable break in the day's drab existence. He who has be- come a close friend of God's will find it easy to pray. OUR CATHOLIC POPULATION The Catholic Directory for this'year shows a pleasing in- crease in Catholic population. The number of Catholics in the United States is given as something in excess of twenty million, practically more than one-fifth of the total population. It also reports the number of priests, church buildings and oth- er statistical figures, which are gratifying. The number of priests and church buildings given in the Directory is aceurate. Full reliance cannot be placed upon the total Catholic population. There is no roll of member- ship in the Catholic parish as there is in Protestant churches. There are parochial registers of Baptisms and marriages, paro- chial school rolls, lists of pew holders, membership of various societies, but there is no list which contains the names of each individual member of the parish. Pastors usually speak of the number of families. This affords no absolutely correct basis for an accurate number of Catholics even should the number of families be correct. The Catholic Directory shows that in many dioceses there has been an increase in the number of priests and parishes, yet each year there is the same total Ca- tholic population. It is obvious that there is a mistake, as there must have been an increase in the Catholic population of these dioceses. Without an accurate census taken by the same methods as used in taking the United States government census, it is impossible to know the exact Catholic population in our coun- try. The work and expense of such a census would be too great for our priests alone. Even with the co-operatlon of the laity it would require an organization national in scope and with a suitable financial backing. We are confident that the number of Catholics in our country is even greater than that which is shown in this year's Catholic Directory.-Southern Directory. f Q UES TION B OX Notice--lt is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Is It A Sin To See Pictures That Are Objectional In Part? It is very difficult to decide just when it is a sin to see any certain pictures. The person must be governed by his own conscience. However, if any one takes a pledge of the Legion of Decency ser- iously he should remain away from pictures that are objectional in parts. The purpose of the Legion is to discourage the showing of pictures that glorify sin. This may be done in whole or in part. Anyone who piays with pitch is very likely to be defiled. The glamour that surrounds sin in many popular pictures has led to a tolerant regard for sin that is destructive of public morals. $ * * Is It the teaching of our Church that a married couple must have as many children as possible? The Church has made no legis- lation of any kind as to the num- ber of children of a Catholic mar- riage. Such a supposition is foolish.' Marriage does not direct- ly oblige married persons to have children but it does oblige them mutually to give and receive the right to the marriage debt in or- der to perform those acts which are by their nature the means of begetting children. There is no obligation on married people to have as many children as possible nor even a specified number; but what they are obliged to do, not by the Church, but by God, Him- self, is to use the marriage debt properly and never to interfere positively with its natural effect. Is tt a sin to do things when in doubt whether it is a sin or not? Yes, it is a sin. When we are in doubt whether a thing is right or wrong, we are bound to obtain the information from competent authority. I cannot understand how the Blessed Mother could be conceived without sin unless Her mother was also free from sin. How can it be explained? The Blessed Virgin was by God's power preserved from the stain of original sin. It was not necessary that Her mother enjoy the same privilege. In case of a mixed marriage would it be permitted to raise the boys in the religion of their fa- ther and the girls in the religion ef their mother? It would be all wrong. When Father Swift Asks A,id From People :Of Arkansas For Colonies Near 00AcGehee a dispensation is granted permit- tinga Catholic to marry one not Recently The Guardian carried a story on the of the faith, the party who is not Marykno11 Father, Reverend John F. Swift, who is a Catholic must make certain , promises in writing, one of which doing missionary work in the Japanese Relocation is the promise that any children Colonies at Rohwer and Jerome, Arkansas, near Mr- and of both sexes born of the union will be baptized and raised Oh0O. in the Catholic faith. Father Swilt was very much pleased with the * * * Am I permitted to clean my article, and writes The Guardian a very interesting teeth before going to Holy Cam- letter, which we believe should be published in ,its munlon? Not only is it permissible but entirety, it is also expedient for people to "Dear Father: clean their teeth before receiving "My 'children' are happy to be able to show their separated Holy Communion, provided al- brethern thaL, although the Catholics in the centers are few, their ways that no water is swallowed in the process and the fast there- by broken. What is the teaching of the Church in regard to the Assump- tion of the Blessed Virgin? Did she die a natural death, or, belsg free from original sin, was she exempt from death? The Church has not answered your question. It is wholly a his- torical matter and hence lies out- side of the sphere of dogmatical definition. The general belief, based upon ancient traditions, is that the Blessed Virgin died a na- tural death, that here death, how- ever, was painless and that it re- sembled a gentle falling asleep, and hence it is often called "dor- mition." small number is no evidence whatever that the Church is small and unknown. Having a priest to minister to them makes them hopeful that he with their cooperation will, with the divine assistance, see the fruit of apostolic effort in many conversions, thus proving that God is able to draw good out of their present trials. "Their happiness, referred to, is in evidence now by the show- ing to their friends the article in last week's Guardian. "The folks like to see progress, so they are coming to get me to beg. I lave not found it necessary to ask for financial aid, because my only expense was in purchasing necessary furnishings for the altars, and these were neither many nor costly. What we wish to have is an organ for each chapel, Rohwer and Jerome. One of these days, if the thought strikes you: 'What can I run in that space to fill it up?' perhaps you can think of the padre among the evacuees and' broadcast to your readers: 'Father Swift down in the delta is after me to find him two organs. That may be as hard as finding how to stretch my gasoline, so I am calling upon you folks to help, if you can. Let me hear at once, if you have an organ to donate. I promise you he will be happy over it.' "Excuse me, dear Father Prendergast, I've wandered off* again. But beggars have a way about them that is tantalizing." What is the procedure for the canonization of saints in the Church? The process of canonization is a development in the Church. From the beginning the Church honored and invoked the saints. The co- adjutor of Saint Peter, Pope Cle- ment I, appointed seven notaries for the city of Rome to write down the acts of the martyrs. From the very earliest days the names of the Blessed Virgin, of the Apostles and some of the early martyrs were inserted in the Canon of the Mass. It is from this fact that we get the word canonize. It means to inscribe the name of the person on the canon of the saints. In the early days the Bishops author- ized veneration of certain saints and martyrs in their dioceses, this authorization being approved by the Holy See. When the veneration of a cer- tain saint became general through- out the Church with the approval of the Pope, the saint was consid- ered canonized. The right to in- scribe the names of saints in the Canon gradually was restricted. In the year 1170 Pope Alexander III reserved this right exclusively to the Holy See. The first bull of canonization was issued by Pope John XV in 993 in which the honor of canon- ization was conferred on Saint Ulrich. This was the first solemn canonization by a Pope. $ $ * Why may the parties to a mixed marriage not have the Catholic ceremony first and them have the marriage ceremony repeated by a minister to please the family of the non-Catholic paty? The Catholic party to any mix- ed marriage is bound by the laws of the Catholic Church. The Ca- tholic Church claims complete control over Christian marriage because it is a Sacrament and all the Sacraments have been com- mitted to the .care of the Church by Christ Himself. The canon law of the Catholic Church stipulates that for the valid marriage of any of her mem- bers the presence of an authorized priest and two witnesses is abso- lutely required. /k Catholic, there- fore who attempts marriage be- fore a judge or a non-Catholic minister is really not married at all. The law of the Church likewise expressly forbids a Catholic to be party to a second marriage cere- mony before a non-Catholic min- ister (Canon 1003). Catholics who disobey the law of the Church in tiffs matter incur excommunica- tion for such action is an open profession of heresy or schism. Principle cannot be sacrified merely to satisfy or please the non-Catholic relatives in a mixed marriage. If the first marriage is binding unto death, as the Church teaches, the secon'd' ceremony would be wholly without mean- ing. It is true tha some countries insist upon all citizens going through the formality of a civil ceremony. In such countries Ca- tholics must and do conform to the law to insure their civil pri- vileges but the civil marriage is then regarded merely as a legal formality not unlike "getting a license" in this country. It has no religious significance whatso- ever. Rural Catholic Commi of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan FUTURE SECURITY As a way of life about the most secure. ple today are apprehensive. today are good. OrdinarY can hardly be obtained, means that most people' pretty good jobs and are plenty of money. With it ever, there is still that insecurity. Some day, hope that day will be soon, ies producing war be shut down. Bomber shipbuilding places, all tortes and places thrown the purpose of equiping iers and sailors with the things for termlnating No. 2, will be shut down. sands of soldiers discha the armed forces will be their jobs. Money will be taxed severely to war. How much real value will have, no one prophesy. People not pin their hopes of the money they have in possession. Security the land, in the soil. with their farms free of with cows, chicken, pigs, and cattle will be the cure. People with a home debt, three or four ground, a cow, chickenS,: sheep and a nice garden the next line of security. will be comparatively even if they can only mittently at some trade. ship of a house and land to produce a ought to come first in any of security. Living on a land they really know self-reliant people can get when city people, even mally thrifty and getting into trouble. City people are in this now, because the war has a food shortage, a fuel and in some places a shortage. These same present themselves in how;--on limited income ir/g an interruption of it keep fed, sheltered, warm maintain self-respect ' nity. A piece of land  respect and reliance can answer to all these People can get along on small income and even regular income if there rent or grocery bill. must be kept distinct fro ins for money. This scheme of living must be neled to stay within the of the family's personal its purchasing power. A t almosL indispensable. '% half your living. She not only your milk, cream, cheese and ice cream but of the food for your pigs. One little pig garbage problem. give you eggs and kind of a set up is curtsy for any one and it is thing that we might all do think about. Prayer For Our Soldiers o Divine Jesus, we to protect those who are with the dangers of war. forth Your grace into th and souls of our soldiers, may lead their li,es in to Your holy will. them against the the world, that living they may be ready to whenever You call them self. St. Sebastian, patron of pray for them. The Song of Bernadette ":" onBaSedo' Book-of-the-Month BY FRAliZ Wl '" ILLUSTRATIONS BY Madame Millet believed in ghosts... OUISE SOUBIROUS the matter Berna- hoped that of " dette's lady was done with and forever buried. But she reckoned without Madame Millet, a rich widow who, though deeily religious, had a pert interest in the world of ghosts an d spirits. The widow Millet became firmly convinced that Bernao dette's lady was the spirit of her dead niece, Elise Latapie. And so Madame Miller prevailed upon Mamma Soubirous to allow Bernadette to visit the niche again and confirm the lady's identity. Once mor Bernadette stood before the lady in the grotto. Hesitantly, the girl asked the questions that Madame Millet wanted answered. The lady merely shook She was sure it was Elise. "It's a raging madness," the police ocer said. "We must iuvestlgat Bernadette for the first time. ,'Will you render me the grace," the lady said, "of coming here each day for fif- teen days?" And then she added: "I cannot promise to make you happy in this world, only in the next.. 2' Word of these new events t the grotto traveled fast. In the Cage Francais a group of distinguished townsfolk heard the news of Bernadette's planned fifteen-day pil- grimage to Massabielle and discussed the case at length. Hyacinthe de Lafite, the writer, stared at his glass. "Personally I find the story of the lady in white a very pretty fairy-tale," he said. The police commissioner, Jacomet, who had Just come to the table, wiped his fore- head. "It's a raging madness," he said. "I've received reports of violent demonstrations in several villages." "We can't tolerate public demonstrations," he Douzens Joined the group, and the prosecutor hlm. "What do you make of it, Doctor? Is it mesmerism or hysteria?" "First of all, my friend, we must observe the carefully during one of her attacks,, DouzenS am told the girl's pilgrimage to Massablelle over two weeks. I plan to make during that period." The imperial prosecutor made a notebook. "I'd be obliged to you, dear Doctor, if obtain an authentic account of your "Why not ?" Douzens asked. "I turn up here I shall make no secret of my opinions." her head. But she was not angry. For she spoke to Vital Dutour, the lmperlalprosecutor, broke in sharply. (Continued Next Week) ' /. Drawings copyright, 1948, by King-Features Syndicate, Inc. Text copyright 1942 by The Viking Press, Inc. Distributed by King Features Syndicate In co-operation with the Book-ot-the-MOP i