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Arkansas Catholic
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June 2, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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June 2, 1923

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NOTE Faulhaber, Scripture scholar Munich, who has to thank the nation for the aid they the people with whom at war, has been are trying their War hatred. The Cardi- by large audi- and American given llim a royal of the honorary of Divinity, Cardinal second man in Years since the St. 'oh after was issued, The other man COveted degree from was Cardinal spoke last week Pontifical Ves- rsons 'at the Cathe- of the terrible r that have made greatest sufferers. few hours be- Gnardian orphan- the Guardian with Archbishop the heads of boys and girls in my country. And I have COuntry for the first In Munich we see in our schools. of wan, pinched, with the impressed be smiling with Irouth. pitifully up and 'ak for food--food. stare today youngsters. of his poe- is poor. In at times of our we burn but two Costs 9,000 marks a are the poor- "They literally go their family heir- everything, for classes are poor, Germany still classes, poverty- work three any, the pay for a fund for students. in mines of labor to will keep them yon Faulhabor of in Munde- committee years ago, money, he said, the poor." selected as ae arbitration dispute be- Company of Blab- the possibility of of failure to so- of the board. swept over served Company that Bishop He- act as umpire and of work, Freri, to New York was called to meeting of for the Props- been raised Apes- bestowed be- twenty-four Director of the in the Unit- of the part at the plenary van Sacred Con- and over by Arch- final meeting of the Rave instructions the conduct of treasurer with I of 900,000 Hre, Photographed Council. Lapp, Action Welfare of the Am- THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 1923 GERMAN CATHOLIC LOSSES THROUGH PEACE TREATY Clogne, May 21.--The Catholic Church in Germany lost one-fifth of its members as a result of the terri- torial changes made by the Treaty of Versailles and now faces the loss of millions of more members if political changes contemplated in Europe' ,are carried out, according to a bulletin published by the Vicariate General of the Archdiocese of Cologne which dn- deavors to show that the Rhine-Ruhr question is a vital issue for the Church. "It is not easy," says this bulletin, "to exaggerate the losses the Treaty of Versailles has caused to the Catho- lic Church in Germany. , Lose 33 Percent "The territories now separated from Germany had at the last census a population of 66,471,481, of whom 70 percent were Catholics, 29 per cent Protestants and a little more than 100,000 Jews and others. Before te war, Catholics were 36.7 per cent of the entire population, whic h percent- age, owing to a higher birthrate among Catholics, would have risen by this to 37 per cent, and eventually the Catholic population would reach 40 per cent, or two-fifths of the German people. Owing to the cession of these territories, Catholics have been thrown back to 33 per cent. Losses in Prussia "Putting aside the Sear district, which, although juridically forming part of Germany, is actually with- drawn from German administration, this percentage is reduced to 32.6 per cent. So it appears that Versailles has deprived the Church in Germany of more than one-fifth of her mem- bers, whereas the Protestants have lost 'only one-twentieth. Much worse are the figures for Prussia. The country has lost 4,597,- 567 of its inhabitants. Of these more than 2,000,000 or 66.7 per cent were Catholics, while 1,465,000 or 32 per cent were Protestants. The portion of Catholics therefore has been reduced from 36.3 before the war to 32.4 per cent, or even, deducting the Sear dis- trict, to 81.7 per cent. "In case a Rhine State, apart from Germany, be achieved, the losses would grow by the addition of 7,400,- 000 Catholics and 4,900,000 of other denominations. The bulletin points out that many of the most important German na- tional Catholic organizations haw their homes in the Rhineland and the Rhenish Westfalian industrial zone. These include the Gesellcn-Verein (Union of Apprentices) with 1,250 lo- cal branches and a total of close te 200,0 members, which has head- quarters at Cologne; the Association of Catholic Laborers und Miners of the West, with close to 200,000 mem- bers; the General Corporation of Catholic Labor Unions, with 400,00b members. Numerous Catholic charit- able organizations, college student eIubs and juvenile organizations are also included among the Catholic so- cieties in these districts.  i _ u _ erican Council at the annual meeting" held here last week. In addition to Dr. Lapp, the Na- tional Catholic Welfare Council was represented at the meeting by the Rev. Dr. James H. Ryan, the Roy. R. A. McGowan, Charles A. McMahon, E. J. O'Connor Miss Linna Bresette and James R. Ryan. Father McGow- an delivered the invocation at the af- ternoon session. The nation-wide citizenship cam" paign conducted by the N. C. W. C, was explained by Mr. McMahon in a repor of activities of agency mem- bers of the Council, which is a federa- tion of all organizations engaged in the prombtion of patriotism and good citizenship. President Harding, General Persh- ing, United States Commissioner of Education, John J. Tigert, Dr. C. R. ann of the War Department's Gen- eral Staff, and Frank A. VanderUp, president of the Council, were among those who addressed the meeting. Bey. F. X. Lasanee, S. J., chaplain of the Summit Notre Dame Aca-'my, Grandin Road, who is wide- ly recognized as a devotional writer an compeer of prays;books, quietly observed the fortieth anniversary of his ordination Thursday, His clerical ad lay friends, numbered l)'y t'hous- nds throughout the country, will unite in praying that he may be spared many more years to uplift hearis and minds by hls pen, and to set, eve the- salvation of souls by his piety and priestly example. Youth is a disease that must be i c00.erol ............. ,o0000n-00ioLn JUNE--THE SPIRIT AND PRACTICE OF REPARA2[ON. By John J. Lunny, S. J., Messenger of the Sacred Heart. Reparation Defined. Reparation is by no means a new term in Catholic theology; it has, how- ever, come to have a more specific and technical meaning in the language of modern asceticism. With the mar- velous spread of the Devotion to the Sacred Heart in the nineteenth cen- tury, this word, as well as the idea it expresses, has taken firm hold in the language of the faithful and in devo- tional literature. That this idea 'and spirit of reparation rest on no doctrin- al novelty, goes without saying. In view of the warmest encourage- ment of Sovereign Pontiffs, the unanimous verdict of sound theo- logians and the happiest results fn leading souls to salvation and Christian perfection, no defence of its doctrinal or moral worth is called for. But, now that our Holy] Father, Plus XI, has proposed its ex-] tension as the object of our prayers, I its well worth our while to analyze[ this rich and Divinely inspired con- cept. Payment of Damages. The ordinary newspaper reader to- day knows that reparation is the pay- ment of damages by those responsible for injury. This, too, is the simplest meaning of the word in sacred lore. For sins we must pay the last farth- ing. The ruin made in the moral or- der must be fully restored. "By His justice man is held fast to the pay- ment of punishment" (St. Thomas, Summa Theol. III, 48, 4, c). What- ever else there may be in the spirit of reparation, it certainly includes a will to restore and to submit, to prac- tice acts of justice and of penance for the violation of Divine rights. Satisfaction of Justice. But reparation means more than this. It means that the satisfaction of justice and the acceptance of pain be through Christ and in Him and with Him. Only because we are branches of the Vine, only because we are members of His Mystical Body, are we able to make any effective.repa- ration. His mission was one of repa- ration and He deigns to make us co- workers With Himself in restoring or- der in the world and glory to His Father. If, then, we would learn what is the best kind of reparation, we should seek it nowhere but in Him. What do we find as the characteristic mark of His reparation? That the reparative work of the Son of God was founded in the purest love. Through love God created the world, through love for men He gave His only begotten Son to save men and so repair His glory; through love for us and our salvation "the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us;" through love He delivered Himself as a victim io be slain for our redemption. Repar- ation, to be like His, must be prompt- ed" by the motivq of Divine charity. Treasures of the Sacred Heart. Although this is the fuller meaning 'of reparation and its higher sense, it has pleased God to simplify the lesson and to stimulate racy to its practice by revealing in a peculiarly striking manner the sweet attractiveness of Iris love. He has opened to us for ou inspection the treasures of His Sacred Heart. That Heart is not only the symbol and the model in which we read the lesson of love and reparation, but it is the very object to which our love is tendered, our reparation is due. The Heart of Jesus is a wounded and bleeding Heart, outraged and insulted. One who has learned to love it can- not but sympathize with it and wish to mitigate its suffering. Here, then, is the spirit of reparation at its best 'and highest, the fairest fruit of love. Interior Spirit. Reparation is, above all else, an in- terior spirit which gives peculiar'value to external works of the most varied "kind, especially to those which in- volve suffering. The latter constitute its favorite field. Sympathetic love for the wounded Heart of Christ prompts the desire to share His sorrows. The longing for union with and imitation of this Divine Friend must lead to Calvary and to the Cross. Reparations Increasing. What a magnificent response there has been in the ever-increasing Com- munions of Reparation on the First Friday and on the Feast of the Sacred Heart! Every encouragement has been given by the Soverign Pontiffs to these Communions. Afew months be- ! I fore his death our Holy Father, Ben- l edict XV, of blessed memory, showed his approval of extending the practice 'of reparation to every Communion by PAGE FIVE  HONOR .......... .---. weakened. Serious-minded men are alarmed today at the reign of self- indulgence and self-interest and the exaggerated sense of self-importance to which so many have been led. We pray that God will draw them With specially powerful graces to a bette appreciation of the more excellent prizes of life, that He may instill into their souls a hunger and thirst fo the things of God, that they may take upon themselves the yoke of Him who is "meek and humble of heart" and find rest for their soulsin a word, that they may begin "to see, not the things timt are their own but those of Jesus Christ" Exercises Open to All. '" The exercise of reparation is open not merely to priests and religious, but to all who are by Baptism incor- porated into the mystical body of Christ. The converted sinner will find here a path which is most secure. He is invited to expiate his own and oth- ers' sins, is shielded from both pre- sumption and despair and is quick- ened to the love and imitation of his Saviour. Tepid souls cannot listen to the complaints about coldness and in- difference which Christ our Lord so often utters, without awakening to the fact that they are a source of keen pain to the Sacred Heart. Those who have traveled far on the road to per- fection and whom God. has admitted to close union with Himself, will always remember that the Divine Heart, even in glory, bears the mark of its wound, as if to invite  all men to unite their prayers and works and sufferings to His and offer all to Him as a loving compensation for the neglect and con- tempt His love has endured. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Paris, Iay 18.--The reports thai American officers in uniform had at- and deepening of the spirit and prac- tended the translation of the remains tics of reparation everywhere and of Blessed Sister Teresa of the Child among all classes of people. Proper- Jesus from the cemetery of Lisieux tionately to its extension, the spirit to the chapel of the Carmel where she of selfishness in all its forms will be died, and that they occupied a con- The Iorning Offering. rious tribufe to her, who, in those vast O Jesus, through the Immaculate English speaking countries, so rich in Heart of Mary, I offer Thee my pray- opes for the Holy Church of which ere, works, and sufferings of this day, they ave become so valuable a part, for all the intentions of Thy Sacred ]s known invoked, thanked and bless- Heart in union with the Holy Smriflce ed as "Th'e Little Flower of Jesus." of the Mass throughout the world, in reparation for my sins, for the inten-] tions of all our Associates, and in par. FORCE OPPONENTS OF tkmlar for the spirit and practice of reparation. CONVICT PRODUCER AND ACTORS OF IMMORAL PLAY New York, May 28.--For the first time in thirty years, a New York jury has returned a verdict convicting the producer and actors of an im- moral play. The maximum penalty for the of- fense is three years In prison or a fine of $300. Judge John P. McIn- tyro, who tried the case, has intimat- ed that he will no be severe when sentence is passed on June 22. Harry Weinberger, producer of the play, which is called "God of Ven- geance," defended the performance and cited passages from Shakespeare and others in his contention that it was not indecent and that it taught a moral lesson. "Even though a moral lesson was sought to be taught," said Judge Mc- Intyre in charging the Jury, "this cannot be done by lines or words or actions that might amount to immo- rality or obscenity." spicuous place in the wonderful pro- cession which followed the coffin, has made a very deep impression all through France, and has been the sub- jec of much favorable comment in the French press. The following quo- tations from "La Semaine Religi- ouse," the official bulletin of the Dio- cese of Bayeux and Lisieux show, bet- ter than any other, how much this action of the Americans meant to the French people. Significance of Flag "These men, formerly with the Army of Occupation which has only recently left the Rhine, were retained in Paris by their Embassy, and with the well-known broadmindedness of the great Federal Republic, they were .authorized to come to Lisieux with full equipment, to render military honors to Teresa of the Child Jesus. "At their head, marching alone, came Captain Huller; behind him, in the center, came the American flag, the tar Spangled Banner, and the flag of the American Legion, carried by Lieutenant Hunnin and Sergeant Maire. "When one thinks of the signifi- cance of this flag and all it stands for in history, aspirations, territorial extent and size of population; when one thinks of the symbolist" of its colors and when one sees thi ag, on such an occasion as this, borne so os- tensibly and so solemnly, it creates a very deep impression. The twenty- five million North American Catho- Tics, the delicate and eloquent inter- preters of all the races from which they have sprung, could not, under the cfrcumstances, have made a more beautiful gesture nor paid a more glo- SCHOOLS INTO OPEN Grand Rapids, May 25.---Governor Groesbeck has signed the bill passed by the legislature which is designed to compel promoters of legislation by the use of the initiative to reveal the sources of their financial support. The law requires that persons circu- lating petitions for a constitutional amendment shall file reports of con- tributions received, naming the don- ors, and shall also account for the ex- penditure of these funds. They will also be required to state under oath that they have not used deception in securing signatures to any petition. The county clerk of each county, under the new law, will be compelled to verify the signatures to petitions as those of duly qualified voters. Vio- lations of the law are punishable by fine or imprisonment or both. Propon- ents of the bill assert that it will in- sure the honest and dignified use of the initiative. It is believed that the law will be effective in compelling those persons and organizations which have been conducting campaigns against the parochial schools in Mich- igan to carry on their activities in the open where the voters will have a chance to estimate the sincerity and merit of their proposals. The last conviction for the presen- MINISTERS FAVOR KLAN ration of an immoral play is said to have been thirty years ago for 'a play called "Orange Blossoms." BECAUSE 4'IT FIGHTS AGAINST CATHOLICS" Montreat, N. C., May 28.--The Catholic Church was attacked by sev- eral speakers at the general assembly of thg Southern Presbyterian church Held here and the Ku Klux Klan was praised because "it is fighting the Catholics." To Act as Buffer Dr. E. W. MeCorkle of Rockbrdge Baths, Va., was one of those who at- tacked the Church. Pleading for the assembly to retain its connection with the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ, he said that "the only safe- ty to Protestantism in America is to have an organization in Washington" o ac as a buffer against the great and unscrupulous power of Roman 10,000 HEAR CARDINAL FAULHABER'S ADDRESS IN CLEVELAND Cleveland, May 25.Michael, Car- dinal Faulhaber, Archbishop of Mu- nich, was the guest of Bishop Joseph Schrembs Sunday and Monday. He came from Detroit by boat, escorted by Msgr. Joseph F. Smith of ths city. The distinguished prelate was cele- brant of Pontifical Mass in the ca- thedral at 11 a. m. Sunday, and also administered the sacrament of con- firmation to a class numbering around '/5. An address of welcome was made from the pulpit by Bishop Schrembs. ple of the United States for assis- born with patiently. Time indeed, granting a Penary Indulgence under anee given since the end of the war. Will cure it: yet, until the cure is corn- [ the usual conditions tO all the Associ- . onda,- His Eminence was the plots, elders must bear it as well as::t: oithe thAPst:hlP of rPrhYr { ;u ester h:nor at a luncheon in Hotel they can, and not seem to bay too. v y y oner [.Cleveland given by Bishop Scrembs prudent diet, long hours of sleep,these 'tion _ _ Clevelan are the remedies for the fever.-- 1 we mray. ] The Cardinal left for Buffalo on Come Rack! Come Ropel 1{)pyers am asked for the growth [Monday night. At 8 o'clock Sunday night the Car- Catholiciin.y , dinal addressed an audience of 10,000 Protestantism En4angered In Public Hall, Cleveland's largest J.B. Sawyer of Waco, in opposi- auditorium, expressing the gratitude tlon, said that the council is cooperat- f the people of Germany to the poe- fhg with Catholics and is "in the slushes of Catholicism." The assem- bly decided to retain membership. Dr. Adolph Keller of Zurich, sec- retary of the Swiss delegation of Protestan churches, said Catholics Ymd won "e greatest religious victory of the world in Europe, and that the ltetant churches wre endangered as a result. Some one whose judgment can be trusted and whose opinion can be valued said: "lf our Catholic girls must earn their living, i would like to see them enter a profession offering, them something besides a wage. The nursing profession anti library ,?or offer an opportunity for, service. Of the nursing profession I can no speak from experience, but years m library work have made me feel I az almost a veteran in the service, and they prompt me to tell those who ar thinking of a career of how I hap- pcned to choose it; of the compensm.. lions that have come, and the oppo tunities that are offered in the chosen field. When I see a senior class about to leave school I am reminded of m) own experience as "I stood with relucrant fee Where brook and river meet." Like most graduates, I chose z'or my graduating essay the high sounding title, "Love of, the Best," and some o the quotations stii! linger with me. "When you walk with some folks you slouch along, but others there be who make .you feel the upward lift, the skyey gravitatipn." Not long after leaving school sore,* one, who has always made me zee, "the upward lift," said, "Why don't you enter library work as a profes- sion ?" and I, thinking home claim could not be exchanged for outso ones, said "I can't be spared," and the upward lift" friend said, "Don't You think some negro could do what yet, are doing at home, and do it a "great deal bette 7" I had a rude awakening that sent me in pursuit of a profession, and the awakening was similar to the one ex- periences when 1 heard this story from a friend who has gone with her people to live in Illinois. They set- tled in a sparsely peopled place, which was known in the early days as "The Bush." Living as neighbors were friends of her family, and the boy of that family and the girl of the first family grew up with the village, and beyond it in ideas. Their lives ran parallel. When she was elected state librarian of Illinois he was made clerk of the supreme court. He was visiting in the village shortly aftel, his appointment, and coming upon an earl, acquaint. ance, he was asked by her: Well, what are you doing ?" and his answer was "I am clerk of the supreme court." Clarkl" the old lady replied, "Is that all you are ? Why if you had stayed at home you could have' been a nice policeman like my John, or may- be you could have been a patrolman like my Tom and kept your foot on the gong." To decide whether to keep one's foot on "the gong" or to enter a convent, a profession, or to spend a few years in preparation for the making of a home is a momentous decision. No one will dispute the claims of the highest 'calling, "the conventual life." Those Who follow that vocation "have chosen the better part," But to the many, who are going to live in the world, , want to bring the claims of my own profession before them, particularly to those graduates who have an ambition to dedicate their lives to some form o service. Schools throughout the north, ea and south, where library trmmng can be had within a year are numerous. Entrance to these schools is without examination if one is a college gradu- ate. If one is not, early in June ex- aminations in French, general history and general literature are held. The claims of the profession are worthy oI investigation. It offers a delightful contact of mind with mind, a ten-ol return for every bit of mental effort exerted, a monetary compensation that will offer a comfortable living. Library work helps one cope with sel, for to be a successful librarian one's thought must be of others. The desk offers a course in self-discipline, as well as psychology, for there tempers are lost, sometimes by the public, and are never found. The library profes- sion brings one into that world of" lit- erature where one's special mission is fitting the book to the individual, and making the individual better for having come into the world .of books. It offers one numberless opportuni- ties to give a reason for the faith that is within you, and to be what some- one has so happily styled the profes- sion "an apostolate of the press." C. KNIGHTS GIVE $20,000 TO SANITARIUM Baltimore, May 25.--A donation of $20,000 from the Knights of Colum- bus toward the $200,000 ftmd which is being raised for the Eudowood Sani- tarium, hvs been announced here. The donation was made uncondionally. ? ., . i "