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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
May 29, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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May 29, 1942

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PUBLISHEn WEEKLY of veneration. I think I behold you in your affliction, but {) i '/(}/k/ (} X l he YropagaU :11 THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY erect, standing at the side of the Mother of Sorrows, at the : %.," " 4' " x.j.t T L.., x..J.g Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkmsae 3091/g WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DJOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray Got that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blesslng with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at,noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 8091 West 2nd. Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service---Knights of Columbus of Arkusas Paragould Council, No. 1713 .......................... $12.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 ........... 12.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ................. 22.00 Fort Smith Council, No. 996 ........................... 22.00 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 .................. -'__ 12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ......................... 17.00 Helena Council No. 1770 .......................... 17.00 Texarkana Council No. 2650 .......................... I?.00 Pine Bluff Council, No. 1152._.___ ............................ 22.00 . . f by liberty'oi tfle press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but i.t it means the liberfy of at- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall, cheerfully consent t.o exchange my liberty of buszng others for the privilege of not being abused mYsell."Franklin. HUMAN RIGHTS The price of human liberty is not paid in blood alone. In many wars of the past, the blood shed upon the battlefield was spilt in vain. The cause of human liberty for which it was shed did not triumph. And it did not triumph, in all likelihood, because blood, the physical price of human liberty, was not matched by faith in God, the spiritual price of human liberty. Faith in God has always been the real basis for human liberty. Men who believe in the existence of God cannot isolate that truth from their own existence. Men who believe, there- fore, that God is their Creator and Father, necessarily regard themselves as creatures of God as children of their heavenly Father. From this belief flows other beliefs. As children of the Heavenly Father they owe to God filial respect, love and obedience. Moreover, they realize that all other men are their brothers and equals, being children of the same Heavenly Father, and as such should receive the regard, unddrstanding and sympathy that is due to brothers and equals. The proposition that all men are created equal and have been invested by their Creator with inalienable human rights is the first postulate of any Constitution which seeks to guarantee to all the citizens of a land the exercise of definite human rights. Yet that proposition is without validity if belief in God is re- jected. An act of faith in God seems far removed, at first thought, from the preservation of human liberty within a nation. How- ever, the logical connection between faith in God and human liberty is easy to trace. It is so easy to trace in fact, that the survival of civil liberty appears to be conditioned upon the survival of religious liberty, and the survival of that faith which naturally springs up in the human heart wherever men enjoy freedom of religious thought. When a nation as a whole lives by faith its civil freedom is assured. When it ceases to live by faith, and is guided instead by greed and selfishness, civil freedom is on the way out. And it i on the way out regardless of the guarantees a constitution provides. A constitution becomes uninforceable as soon as religious freedom becomes a hollow pretense.Catholic Sen- tinel, Portland, Ore. THE HIGHEST TRIBUTE Never since the days of the religious revolution have the office and the person of the Holy Father been more respected by honest, sincere persons outside the Catholic Church than today. Never before in modern times has the devotion, the affection, the love of Catholics for the Vicar of Christ been deeper or more fervent The press, the motion pictures and the radio have impressed a consciousness of the Christ-like personality of His Holiness upon the minds and the hearts of all persons of good will, and on sons and daughters of the Church above all. No effort of Pope Plus XII has more deeply impressed the world, Catholic and non-Catholic, than his patient, charitable, courageous, heroic striving for peace, that blessed peace of which the angels sang on the first Christmas morning. No occupant of the Holy See since the days when the entire Chris- tian world was Catholic has been more universally commended The highest tribute that can be paid to a person is that of imitation. If all who laud His Holiness were to imitate the spirit of his tireless quest for a peace, there would be created in the world such an atmosphere of justice that the spirit of tyranny and totalitarianism would wither, and those responsible for it would be expelled forever from posts of power. (The Catholic News) A SOLDIER'S MOTHER To worried mothers with sons serving in the armed forces of their country, we can think of no more consoling advice than that voiced by the late Cardinal Mercier to the Gold Star Mothers of the last war. The beloved Prelate said: foot of the Cross. Suffer us to offer you not only our condolence but our congratulation. Not all our heroes obtain temporal honors, but for all we expect the immortal crown of the elect. "For this is the virtue of a single act of perfect charity: it cancels a whole lifetime of sin. It transforms a Sinful man into a saint." --Evangelist HATRED OR LOVE At the meeting of radio directors cently, Time magazine reports, speakers flatly proposed pro- motion of hatred among the people, and this drew the timely condemnation of Monsignor Flanagan of Boys Town fame. America magazine recently cited a passage from the Con- gressional Record on the same subject, the promotion of hatred The subject recurs frequently of late. Let us understand that, in a Christian nation, hatred has no place. We may never strike against Christ's doctrine of love, regardless of the circumstances. If we do strive to inculcate hatred and contradict Christ's mandate of love of neighbor, then we are putting ourselves on the same footing as that of our enemies who strive to blot Christ and His teachings completely out of the lives of people. We are stooping to barbarism and paganism, to an unflattering course of appealing to base passions of man as a motive for action, and we thereby imply that our American people are incapable of thinking straight and determining upon the performance of their duties as rational, Christian citizens. Current, magazines have carried articles about naming this war 'God's war. It is insulting to Christian intelligence to attempt to resolve this conflict into a war for God, and, at the same time, to urge people to do things that are abhorrent to Almighty God. The inspiring and consoling doctrine of Christ on love for our fellow men has been the greatest beneficent force in the world for the last 19 centuries. Let it not be said that Americans helped to crush it out of life. Catholie Action of the South Notice--lt is Important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names arc ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Who Investigates Claims Of Miraculous Cures At The French Shrine Of Lourdes? The examination of sick people who claim to have been cured at Cleveland re- at Lourdes, during the procession of the Blessed Sacrament, in the baths (the water of which does not contain any therapeutic property), or, elsewhere, is conducted at the Bureau des Constatations Medicales by unpaid and independent doctors who happen to be in Lourdes and who have registered their names at the Bureau. The President is the only medical man permanently attached to the Bureau and he is appointed by the Bishop of Tarbes and Lourdes. His function is to preside at the examinations and discussions concerning alleged cures, made among the doctors at the Bureau, the majority of whom accomp- any some pilgrimage and are present only for three or four days. Any doctor, of any nationality, any belief or no belief, is free to enter thd Bureau and make whatever inquiries he likes, and' be present when any case of alleged cure is being investigated. The individual concerned is interrogated at tl]e B.C.M. as to the history of his malady, the circumstances of the alleged cure, etc., as are any What is meant when it is said friends or witnesses who have ac- that plenary indulgences are companied him. The medical cer- granted under the usual condl- tificates of the case are closely tions? scrutinized, and the patient ex- amined, usually by four doctors A plenary indulgence granted in chosen by the president from these terms involves the necessity, amongst those who have registered in addition to performing the good their names. If any specialist for works prescribed, of receiving the the particular malady in question is present, he is of course asked sacraments of Penance and Holy to examine the patient. These Communion and of praying for doctors draw up a report, which the intentions of the Pope. These is read out to all the medical men are ordinarily: The common good present, and a discussion takes of the Church, the spread of the place. Then the President, after f a i t h, conversion of sinners, summing up the salient points, heretics, and schismatics, and puts the following questions, which peace; it is not necessary to ad- must be answered by a simple vert to these in detail. An Our Yes or No. (1) Did the disease Father, a Hail Mary, and a Glory really exists? (2) Is there a corn- to be the Father or similar prayers plete cure or only an evident am- will suffice. (For the gaining of elioration? (3) .Is there need to the Portiuncula indulgence the wait before coming to a decision? Our Father, Hail Mary, the Glory (4) Can the cure be attributed to be to the Father must be recited a natural process? The first re- six times.) Confession may be ports are provisional, anti, if any- made within eight days before and thing is subsequently discovered, eight days after the day on which it is noted in the official organ in the indulgence is to be gained; which particulars of all the certi- Communion received the day be- fled cures are published. The Catholic Information Society Catholic Evidence Narberth, Pa. in a better cooked dinner, despite flashes and crashes from the skies. Who knows?" A fear-shaken soldier, before the battle, brings forth a picture of his wife, his child or his sweet- heart. He looks at it fondly. He kisses it ferventlymere paper, mounted on cardboardyet it in- spires him to go forth valiantly to victory or to death. You, fellow citizens, who doff your hat to the American flag, who stand with reverence before the picture of Washington or Lin- coln, who lovingly preserve the wedding-gown of your great-great grandmother--you who have senti- meni;, imagination ad loyalty surely must see the Catholic view- point on medals, pictures, statues and' relics--mementoes of Christ, our God, and of the beloved heroes of Christianity. There is a vast difference be- tween the supernatural and the superstitious. All wisdom sub- scribes to the first, Ignorance alone subscribes to the second. Ignorant, superstitious Catholics, of course, there are; but taken as a whole Catholics are less prone to this silly weakness than any other class of people in the world. Todau's Parable Father Stedman. Confraternity "Do Catholic Medals Keep Off Lightning 7" "Keep off lightning? Why, medals, being made of metal, would more likely attract lightn- ing, wouldn't they?" "But an old Catholic woman I know, wouldn't think of leaving off her medals for fear of being struck or drowned or something." "Yes, and I don't doubt that that same old woman has her own ideas about Relativity, Diphtheria and the causes of the World War; but you'd hardly quote her as an authority on those subjects, would you?" "But after all in a way she may be right about her medals. They, of course, have absolutely no power in themselves. They are lifeless matter. But if, knowing the medal to be blessed to inspire trust in God's loving care, your old Cath- olic woman, in simple faith (which amounts to a prayer for protection) wears the medal with a sense of security, who can say that our all- understanding God will not answer and preserve her from harm? "And isn't it likely, too, that the wearing of a reminder of Christ or a saint, will allay her fear and thus perhaps,, as a by-prod'uct result ncouragement Our Divine Keepsake. The parting gift of a loved one is always richly treasureck We cherish with fond affection every least memento of our dear departed, and rightly so, for they are truly sacred. Thus it is with. the dear ones on earth. And why should it be different with the dearest of all dear ones, Christ Jesus? The Divine Master was taking leave of His little band of chosen ones, and in them, of us also who should be His loved' ones down the distant ages, and His Sacred Heart was sad. He could not bear that He should be forgotten. He could not bear that those He loved should let His memory grow dim whom they should need so sorely in the trials that lay before them. So He would leave them a parting gift by which they should remember Him His sacred lips moved in prayer; a few simple words were uttered, and the wondrous deed was done--- His deathbed gift to mn, His Blessed Sacrament of Love, was called into adorable existence. But how do I treasure this Divine Keepsake that Jesus has given me? Does it mean all to me that its infinite value merits? Does it awaken in my heart as ardent feelings of affection as does the little keepsake given by an earthly friend? Do I seek it out as often, or as often think of it as of the other? It is as sweet a source of consolation in my lonely hours as is the little gift that makes my absent friend live once again with me? What does my conscience tell me of my appreciation of this Blessed Eucharistic Keepsake---A Keepsake that is no less Than God Himself? B.C.M. does not certify any cure as miraculous, that pertaining to the ecclesiastical authorities; it concerns itself with purely medi- cal questions. (.) What Is meant by the Cap- ital Sins? (b.) Are animals some- times used to symbolize these sins? (a.) The Capital Sins are seven vices. They are enumerated as follows: Pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth. These seven vices are not necessar- ily the worst of all sins but they are the fountain-heads of all other sins and for that reason are called Capital. The seven virtues opposed to the seven vices just mentioned are: Humility, generosity, chasti- ty, kindness, temperance, brotherly love, and diligence. These seven virtues constitute the foundation of a perfect Christian life. (b.) We know of no such sym- bols in the general symbolisms of the Church To settle an argument, wlll you please state who is right. _."A" states he doesn't go to his parish church, but that he puts some money in the collection plate, so he contributes to the support of the Church. _."B" says that you must give to your parish church. The commandment of the Church stipulates that we must contribute to the support of our pastor, not some other pastor. Hence, even if "A" makes a con- tribution to some other church, he is not fulfilling his obligation of supporting his own pastor. We should attend to our religious of the Precious Blood, duties in our own parish church. Brooklyn, N.Y. Both the church and the pastor have been placed there by the YOU, INCORPORATED Bishop for our spiritual care and for the discharge of our religious The Business of Living. It be- obligations, hence we ought to use gan at Baptism, when you became our own church and must help our YOU', Incorporated. Baptism in- own pastor. corporated you into the Church which is the Mystical Body of Christ. "Incorporated" The word comes from two Latin word's--"in" mean- ing of course "INTO", and "cor- pus", meaning BODY. "Into the Body" of Christ is what happens to every infant and adult-convert when Baptized. We are "Bodied" together with Christ "That as Christ", points out St. Paul, "is risen from the dead by the glory of the Father so we also may walk in newness of life". "A BURIAL in Christ" is how St. Paul describes Baptism in this sense: With Christ we die to sin. When the infant, having been lowered into the Baptismal Font, is raisedoriginal /sin is left buried there in a tomb. The child rises cleansed with "new life in Christ". That is the significance of "CHRISTENING", becoming as Christ. "Planted together in the Likeness of His Death, we shall also be in the Likeness of His Re- surrection . "Incorporated into Christ" then, that is the great partnership ef- fected by Baptism. It sends us forth to make a Christian success of the business of living. Each of us incorporated into Christ and into each other. To hurt another, therefore, is to hurt Christ, hurt ourselves, for we are all of one Body, one cor- poratipn. fore or within eight days after. The habit of Confession once a fortnight entitles a person to gain all indulgences for which Con- fession is a required condition, even when such Confession is actually omitted owing to a legiti- mate impediment. To gain any indulgence it is probably necessary to have at least an implicit in- tention to do so, and to have a contrite heart, i.e., to be in a state of grace. Moreover, if the pre- scribed good work is the recital of a prayer or other form of words, these words must be articulated with the lips (not necessarily said aloud); to read them with the eyes or say them in the mind is not sufficient. Whether or not one in mortal sin can gain an indulgence on behalf of the dead is a matter disputed among theolo- gians. Does aa employee commit a sin if he wilfully wastes, "kills", time on the job? Employes are bound to give their employer reasonable honor and respect, service and obedience in accordance with their contractual obligations; also fidelity in fulfill- ing contracts, as long as conditions do not completely change the nature of contracts. They sin by arousing against their employer unfounded discontent. It is cer- tain that they violate strict justice, as well as charity, if they neglect their duties, if they do not give a fair day's work for a fair day's wage, if they unreasonably de- Of The Faith[ CORPUS CHRISTI 1 The Feast of Corpus |1 wi 1 be celebrated this Y.V the fourth of June. On tlal which honors the Body dl Lord in the Blessed Sacrall,all/ is especially appropriate fU to remind ourselves of ottr.l TM bership in His Mystical B,0d|'. Church. What better wayl!Y for us to reaffirm our incorP[l into His Mystical Body th,.a, aiding The Society for the r_ki ri gation of the Faith in its ellY [ to extend the dominion 0f.,(th, Church throughout the W0.llle The Reverend Major .Gi0 ._ Even during these stirrill_ql when almost every cornlst' from the front brings us.i of new heroes the story of]J er Vincefitius T.ebbe, soldierd: of Belgian birth and chineS. tonality, is a unique one.  When General Tang Whal:lte commander of the twelfth dl left--A.rt nkuo in ,ugnst of l]i..' his way to the front he WJ ried about corpsi he had not had time to er But to his surprise and .gr Vohuen l late t hrlt vdOn atth rYeth men in strange looking blaCgll i with a white-haired, bl I priest at their head, reagl.---- start for the battle field. -' A few days later, the division reached the front, the prolonged fighting tla- lowed, Father Lebbe's Ul?_,..  formed the gruelling task o! ing and transporting mor*31l three thousand wounded frl battle field to the railway  at Chenchialungti. The of narrow mountain path along one of the steepest P in North China, and eve of the arduous journey be traversed on foot "# wounded on stretchers b the carriers' shoulders. sixty-two year old priest, he was head' of the corps, his end of a stretcher like one else. sev00 1 General Tang Whh  praised Father Lebbe reports, and a his . . dist serwce certificate was him. The priest became a al hero when Generalissimo Kai-shek appointed him t0 post as commander of ttll' tla0 area service corps with of major general, t In March 1940 Father i with eight companionstl:; tured by the Comm  although stern telegrarnSa Generalissimo " cured his releaCh'neffwfa: ously ill when he arrived ang after a forty mile try" foot tthrogh the JapanS1 ' n e 2 th of June _,' died in a suburb of Ch. mourned by Christians aIa.: Christians alike. A m oxam:a' a special decree of the ]1 II Government of China Pa_ official tribute of the na;q the memory of this wellol)e' *J naturalized citizen who had . her so loyally and so well. ' vm YOU KNOW ! The Braille system was ,] vention of a French prl;' Abbe Braille, who was de the apostolate of the blffgl/l The first Catholic missi0_ reach Tibet was a FrancisC was Blessed Odoric porous, who arrived there in 1326..l, Chinese girls used to collr/iil[ sam during the fifth rn01 each year and from it msll dye to color t heir finger" I minish output whilst taking a good Keep your heart well urld: wage, since this is unfair conduct radically opposed to the contract, trol, beware of over-anxiew They sin if they wilfully damage your confidence in the prV']',wJ of our Lord. Be fully cll;ilil or reasonably neglect the masters that heaven ,nd earth sla!ll property, away rather than that ott The gravity of the sin de- shall fail to protect yotl.,.r pends upon the amount of time you are His obedient sert'il wasted. Nobody, however, can at least, desirous to obey work at top speed every moment. Common sense should be used in You should be so i ^|n ,. judging these questions and cases. God that even though yott 1 E nothing in his presence, Yot ST R A N 6 E B U T T  U i nevertheless be glad to i1 Him, were it only to see $| 7 C'OO$ look at Him from time to v' | Little-Known ........ Facts yk4., J, IdURRAY  am,,tta,lW He who can preserve W=Ii the midst of the confusi0 , complexity of business, ma .;#.,| ness in the midst of sUff'| almost perfect. J, Recommended to you **d evenness of temper, sweeuso"'--rJl gentleness of hearti for tla tues, like the oil of a lanaP2, rain the flame of good e for there is nothing more =qi to our neighbour than claS | kindliness. .,1 i Say frequently in the / your contradictions and sttfIl:: This is the path to heave, i'll' hold the gate, and I am s.ul the storms will not Prew" | reaching it. ! Do not-i00;00 further from you in the  turmoil. It is not tr11 which brings Him to ou:, but the fidelity of our  "A ...........,.._.-.  Do not be vexed at tla0.. ances which come from tt4  plexity of business; true vff not nourished in exteriOr,g ill o* any more than fish water. The great secret in  _-- - _:-- ....  - simply to follow the .a0o .7-" . @ of the heart. We must tl good faith and with pure, i,U...'/\\;\,-.  to reach God, to love  ' unite ourselves to Him. * "- has little, method. ' I I think that there is no o0 ! R , ............... world but God.