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May 28, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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May 28, 1943

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PAGE SIX THE GUARDIAN, MAY 28, 1943 Hope Busi nessmen Solicit Guardian Readers' Tr8 Observers See Need Of Definite Policy In Shaping of Peace WASHINGTON LETTER By Elmer Murphy  Washington.Gradually official Washington is coming to regard the war as a double barrelled proble m. From one angle it" is a Purely military undextaking, the purpose of which is to blast the Axis p.owers and crush the military machines which threaten world security. From another, it is only one aspect of a world upheaval which will remain to be dealt with probably long after the last gun is fired. Victory is ordinarily taken to mean the decisive and complete defeat of the enemy forces but if that were all to be achieved, it would be far from complete. Prime Minister Churchill, in his address to the United States Con- gress, dealt only with the military phase of the war, which is in ac- cord with policy agreed upon by the principal allied powers, the policy of "unconditional surrend- er" and the deferment of the dis- cussion of peace terms until that has been accomplished. As a mat- ter of fact, it is not at all im- probable that there will be no peace conference and no peace treaty as those terms are tradi- tionally understood. The repre- sentatives of the contending pow- ers will not foregather at the con- ference table, draw the pattern of a new world set-up and regard their task as completed. After the war ends and military victory has been won, much will remain to be done and it will not be done overnight. It is quite pos- sible, on the contrary, that the establishment of peace will be a continuing task to be performed step by step over a long period of time. Certainly it is not the in- tention of the Allied Powers mere- ly to draft a Peace plan, disband their armies and dismantle their fleets and let events take their course, until another destructive cataclysm occurs. The problem ahead is not one merely of destroying Nazi ' and Fascist regimes but also of estab- lishing regimes to take their place. It is a matter not only of tearing somethlng down but of building something up. A military ,ictory may 'be regarded as a beginning and not an end, for it is generally conceded that a new order, dif- ferent in many respects from that which prevailed until the outbreak of the present war, is in )rospect, and it cannot be achieved solely by force of arms. It will have to be worked out gradually; An example is afforded ly the conference of representatives of the Allied Powers called to dis- cuss the world food problem, The question with which it is dealing is not altogether one of HOPE HF, ADIHG COMPANY ,k, ,A- .A, Hope, Arkansas Phome 245 relief or of meeting the immediate needs of starving peoples but, ap- parently, of bringing* about the better distribution of food re- sources. Another example is the question of re-educating the peo- ple who have been indoctrinated with the malignant Nazi and Fascist philosophy, which is being discussed by educators. Still an- other is the attitude that is to be taken toward Communism, which, from the viewpoint of democracy, is no less malignant and quite as difficult to reconcile with demo- cratic principles. These are so- cial, rather than military nrob- Ictus, but they may have a direct bearing on peademthe kind of peace for which the war has been fought. As yet, not much is being said about social and moral fundamen- tals which will serve as a basis for peace adjustments. " The only guide post that has been set up is the Atlantic Charter which would uphold the four freedoms and the right of all nations to work out their own destinies and engage in trade to their mutual advantage, but that is far from complete as a framework for peace. The most comprehensive pattern is probably that outlined in the Encyclicals of the Popes which formulate the moral and so- cial principles which should under- lie the new world order and gov- ern the relationship of nations. What course will be followed when the task of reconstruction is taken up is, at this time, purely conjectural. Officially, the Unit- ed States is directing its effort solely to the making of war, but there are indications that the need of a definite body of principles to tie to is being recognized and that the unity of effort on the part of the Allies, which has been so ef- fective in winning military vic- tories, will be regarded no less necessary in shaping the peace. (N.C.W.C. News Service). Prayer For Our Sailors O Dear Jesus, when the Apostles were fearful because of the waves of the sea, you defended and pro- tected them by calming the waves; and when St. Peter feared that he was, drowning, You upheld him by the power of Your hand. Now we beseech You dear Jesus, to guard and protect the sailors of our country, who are defending our land from the forces of the enemy. Help them that they may be led safely through the dangers of the sea, till at last they come to the land of eternal life. Amen. St. Brendan, patron of sailorL pray for them. ROSE'S SNACK SHOP Hope, Arkansas i I t Arkansas---U. S. Approved--Pullorum Tested Baby Chicks GUENTER'S HATCHERY I Hope, Arkansas "Its Safe When Its Pasteurized" OLIE'S DAIRY P Milk Products Phone 938 I t Our Lady of Hope Church SrOwn above is the remodeled church at Hope, Arkansas. The Extension Society was responsibe for the renovation, and grants were also received from non-Catholics who were interested in the parish. Shown at the left is the interior of the church. Modern pews and fixtures make it a comfortable and beautiful building. Pope Urges Prayers In June For Faithful Christian Life Among Youthful Mission Workers New York. (E)mTo sustain them in their zeal and determination of purpose, His Holiness Pope Plus XII has asked prayers during the month of June for his mission in- tention which is "for a faithful Christian life of 'youthful work- ers in mission countries. Commenting on the trials which beset boys and girls in mission lands, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Thomass J. McDonnell, National Director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, said: "At best Christianity presents difficulties for them particularly when they are living among those whose beliefs and practices differ from their own. Young people need extraordinary strength to follow faithfully the principles of real Catholic teaching. For this reason the Church has developed a specialized form of training for mission countries. In these lands the education of young Christians is complete in every detail. Handi- crafts of every description are highl, developed: sewing, weav- ing, embroidery, all the arts of housekeeping and homemaking are taught the girls, while boys learn carpentry, farming, metal working and other skills which fit them to become useful and self-supporting citizens. And with all this comes the training in Catholic principles. "However, as in your own land, the pitfalls which beset the path of Christian youth in mission lands are numerous. In many sections of the mission territories the cli- mate militates against sustained industry. The charity, which has been the motivating power in their Catholic training, finds little place Interior Of Hope Church among the pagans with whom the Christian young people must live. Caste distinctions would have them dispense With the brotherly love, which is the mark of their Catholicity, when it is to be ap- plied to the untouchables. Why pend long hours catechizing when Nirvana may be gained by the exclusion of all effort and desire? W, hy entertain the thought of a life of celibacy when your com- panions enumerate the pleasure of license? NATIONAL CATHOLIC RURAL  LIFE , CONFERENCE 3801 Grand Ave.. Des Molnea. la. SUMMER SCHOOLS A series of Rural Life Summer Schools and Institutes will be held during the months of June, July and August for Rural Priests, Sisters and lay leaders. Regional an'd national problems arising out of the war emergency and the postwar period for discussion in- clude: the dignity and possibil- ities of rural living and the op- portunities open to rural educa- tion for social action in rural com- munities; the use of resources of rural society in postwar recon- struction; subsistence farming; dry land farming and irrigation; governmental agencies; coopera- tive movements; etc. For general information, write: Rev, Martin Schirber, O.S.B., St. John's Uni- versity, Collegeville, Minnesota. DATES AND PLACES Second Annual Rural Life School for Rural Priests and Rural Leaders for the South, St. Stan- islaus College, Bay St. Louis, Miss. June 6-11. Write: Rev. "In addition few of the Chris- Hubert Lerschen, Rayne, Louis- tian youth in mission lands have iana. the generations of Catholic back- Institute for Educational Lead- ground which our Americans and :ership in Rural Life, Marquette Europeans enjoy. Perhaps they University, Milwaukee, Wis. are the only members of their families who have espoused this new and seemiflgly difficult re- ligion. Their motives are fre- !quently misconstrued and their i actions criticized bechuse their principles are n6t understood." DUDLEY GROCERY Hope, Arkansas Graduations Mena Held 23rd And Mena, Ark. -- Eighth graduation was held at St;! Church, Mena on ing, May 23. Graduation from St. Academy was held on contest was held by the cial graduates, in shorthand and were judged. Awards were given Gloria Cook, Billy Ruth Marjorie McCollum, and Peters. The Business Class with a commercial ban( June 13-19. Write: Rev. R. N. was the grand finale of Hamilton, S. J., Dean of the . ::= Graduate School, Marquette Uni- versity. Czestochowa Bishop Sisters School on Rural Life, Vatican Bureau St. Louis University, St. Louis, Mo. June 21-July 9. Write: Vatican City. Rev. A. H. Scheller, S.J., Director, ceived at the Vatican School of Social Service, St. Bureau tells of the death Louis University. Rural Life School, St. Bede's Most Rev. Anthony Abbey, Peru, Ill. Problems of Auxiliary Bishop of Tomorrow. July 5-9. Write: Poland. N6 details were Rev. Hilary Sondgeroth, O.S.B., St. Bede's Abbey. East Coast Rural Life Institutes, June-July, 1943. A series of two- day sessions on rural life and so- cial action. Write: Rev. Patrick T. Quinlan, Brookfield Center, Conn. Rural Life Institutes for Sisters, Toledo Diocese. Two-d'ay sessions of rural life and rural education conducted at various mother- houses of the diocese. Write: Rev. J. F. Frommherz, Route 2, Swanton, Ohio. Semana Rural, Montezuma Seminary, Montezuma, New Mex- ico. Dry land farming, irrigation and subsistence gardening as practiced in old. Mexico, New iVexico, and the South ducted in Spanish. write: Augustine Waldner, S.J,e tezuma, New Mexico, Jose Garcia, Ranchos ds New Mexico. Third Rural Life John's University, Minn. August 8-12. Martin Schirber, O.S.B., University. Rural Life School for Priests and Rural sumption Abbey, Dry farming and gust 15-20. Write: ReV. Daleiden, O.S.B., bey. Arkansas Machine Specialty ENGINEERS--MANUFACTURERS Telephone 257 E.P. O'NEAL Hope, ArkansaS.' Best Wishe00 Hope Basket Co. Hope, Arkansas Hope's Finest Dept. Store CHAS. A. HAYNES CO. Main HOPE, ARKANSAS Illlll wAJ00IL00. ii Eyes 2Z M I STRE I Ho00, Arkansas I]11 t,,, EMMETT THOMPSON MILLS & THOMPSON Optometrists r Eyes Examined -- Glasses FiRed 218 MAIN' STREET PHONE 36 HOPE MUNICIPAL WATER AND LIGHT PLANT Ho00, Arkansas TEMPLE COTTON OIL MILL Hope, Arkansas BUY WAR SAVING STAMPS AND BONDS / !;:/ , i I