Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
May 28, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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May 28, 1943

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, U[ By I// '['eJJ  [ FOR VSTORY ; TheYntry BONDS.STAMPS ," ;g " " ' LITTLE ROCK : th lic ,'ress Off d V Opp iti wlctUrc has been condenmed a o ere ast ortun es e a '.Yes Office. The Legion's CHRISTENDOM'S SOLDIERS OF PEACE double-me.ning lines, dances and situations, costumes, presented 'e a background of a sen- 1[. form of entertainment." elmeture must he bad, ildeed, SOme very questionzcb c have been rated "oh tble in partS" by the Legion cy. Ilow a picture that Ctionable in parts" is to has never been properly . A person can scarcely , alld go out, when these ble portions are being even though he knew ey were coming. It seems that the classification of llres should be published ved or condemned. Th e m/,UXel,wa not philosophers, as a i tl. are unable to make close 0s. They understand [g Uage, such as approved ituemned, but they call not * ' t edge of a seat ready to  When a bad part comes. w l)olnt that needs e term adult, clarifica- It may tml grown, or of full age. L:meter managers regard mma..= Over twelve as adults. ion is are they adults ----.,aaslfication made by the , the phrase, "approved t .'' The Legion of De-  done a good work and mtble of doing even better , Ztking the classification Another step that would _____=,,._:W efficiency would be to mm,, Pictures have already vn before the report on m uml  es for publication. Present time a Novena to the religious life in this diocese. This timt is dedicated to Mother of God. For her powerful iter- sought at this is also an appropriate Mich a Novena, because people are grad- school and are fac- of a vocation in Novena prayers have efficacious in the past reason to hope be this year. lIow- alone are not suf- must be a.tle co, the part of all con- religious vocation is tile good home. It is that every child gets most lasting ideals. Catholic parent con- especially blessed if of his children to the For this reason, in home religion is the topic of conversa- are said in common, arc in evidence the atmosphere is such environment are bern. God is the households and we of them. In recent has been rife. been inducing their seek worldly success, or position. For vocations to the re- been scarce, patti- section of the have priests to sacraments. We and brothers to work of education to the sick and the These vocations for the most part, home. During this parents should may give them the courage to be an their children, so that may he called by life and may grace to answer ad accounts our fighting the fronts, are giving account of them- thing looks propi- the home front bolstered. It is eel- forces ,on the home united, just as the are. The work a very serious handi- War effort. There is to go the extremes in At one time in our king man was very and suffered Now the pen- in the opposite Workers are like- The rain- dangerous work so do lots of oth- merchant marine government of- Will see to it that get a fair wage and of commodities in areas are adjusted. that John L. Lewis violet. He has ranks by dint of UnUsual talents and He has and at present interested in prestige than in the problems of is obvious that Walk of life must present trying seems to realize collar" men are on page 8 Bisnop onfirms At ocah mas [ Pocahontas.-- Confirmation was ladministered by His Excellency, [ our Most Reverend Bishop, lat St. Paul the Apostle's Church at Pocahontas, May 23, at 9 o'clock a.m. Visitation of the parish was also held at this time. His Excellency arrived Satur- day evening and was met by the astor and assistant, the Revs. Ed. J. Yeager and Thomas J. Kennedy respectively. There were everal lay people present to greet the Bishop upon his ar- rival. At 9 o'clock on Sunday morn- ing Solemn High Mass---"Coram Episcopo"--was celebrated by the Rev. Pastor, Father Yeager, Dea- con of the Mass was the Rev. As- sistant, Father Kennedy. Sub- deacon of the Mass was the Rev. Chaplain of St. Bernard's Hos- !pital, Jonesboro, Father Joseph !Milan. Chaplains to His Excel- lency were the at. Rev. Msgr. Francis A. Allen and the Rev. Jo- seph A. Murray. The Master of Ceremonies both of the Mass and at the throne was the Rev. Henry J. Chinery. After the Mass the Bishop ad- dressed the large congregation of St. Paul's on the efficacy of the sacrament about to be administer- ed with particular emphasis on the coming of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost to those about to be confirmed. He also paid tribute to the magnificent faith of St. Paul's Parish as he has known it during the thirty-seven years of his Episcopate. The Bishop, too, praised the work of the present pastor, Fath- er Yeager, during these past four years in Pocahontas. The Bishop also paid tribute to the Olivetan,Benediction Sis- ters of Jonesboro as the educators of the children at St. Paul's School. The Sacrament of Confirmation was administered by His Excel- lency to eighty-four confirm- andi in all. Fifteen of these were adults and the rest were children. The Rev. Pastor was host to the Bishop and his company at a dinner served in the Rectory by the ladies of the parish. There were several priests of the North- east Deanery present at the din- ner too, including Fathers W.J. Kordsmeier, James P. McDon- nell, Joseph E. Milan, and the Rev. Chaplain Kinsella of the Walnut Ridge Basic Flying Field. Church Persecutions Based On Fear, Says Vatican Radio Vatican City. ()--The Vatican Radio, in a broadcast on "The Church, the Mother of Nations," stated that all persecutions of the Church are based on a fear of the Christian .man and are aimed at incorporating him in the earthly order to suppress his reason, per- sonal will, judgment and liberty. But, the speaker stated, after twenty centuries persecutors have not learned that Christianity has implanted inseparably in man's nature an irresistable, liberating invincible ferment against which all efforts at this removal and de- struction are doomed to failure. . In the News Chaplain Edward R. Martin, Lt. Col. U. S. A., divisional chaplain with the armed forces in Tunisia who was mentioned in news dis- patches as the interpreter in the history-making parley which led to the surrender of the Axis forces in Africa. Father Martin hails from Yonkers, N. Y., and former- ly served at St. Joachim's Church, Beacon, N. Y., before his appoint- ment to the Army Clmplain Corps in 1925. (N.C.W.C.) A close-up view of some of the Pontifical l6blle Guards at the Vatican. The scene is from the new, Vatican film. "Pastor Angellcus." {N.C.W.C.) Bishop Attends Punishment For Axis Leaders Ordination Of Justified, Msgr. Ryan Writes CoutiRnk--00e Most Rev- New York. O)That "the lead- the views of the Rabbi Stephen S. erend Bishop will attend the or- ers and most responsible culprits in the Axis aggression should be put to death," and that other civil penalties for minor offenders in the Axis nations would probably be sufficient and certainly ethi- cally justified, is the conclusion expressed by the at. Rev. Msgr. John A. Ryan, director of the So- cial Action Department, National i Catholic Welfare Conference writ- ing in the current issue of Liberty magazine, Monsignor Ryan's discussion presenting a Catholic view under the title "Religion's Stand on Axis Punishment," appears along with Catholic Press In China Defies Bombs Toledo, O.*(IC)  Before the present war there were more than three-score of Catholic papers in China, whereas to- :day those in Japanese--oc- :cupied territory are all closed :down, the Most Rev. Paul Yu :Pin, Vicar Apostolic of Nan- :king, revealed in addressing a luncheon meeting of the Ca- ;tholic Press Association of the :United States. Only three :magazines and one daily paper :are being published in Free' China today, he said'. The newspaper, published in Chunking, is one of the most ,prominent papers in that cap- i ital and continues to publish in ',spite of Japanese bombings, Bishop Yu Pin said. "Today," Bishop Yu Pin told the delegates, "we are com- rades in arms for the victory of the United Nations. We will continue o be comrades in arms in the Catholic Press-- for that day of victory for Jesus Christ." Wise, of the Free Synagogue of New York, and the Rev. George H. Talbott, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Passaic, N.J. Speaking Of the attitude to be maintained toward the people of the Axis nations Monsignor Ryan writes: "The spirit of Christ requires the victor nations to treat the van- quished not merel with justice but with charity, botherly love, as fellow human eings. This 'implies not merely physical as- istance, as food for the hungry and clothing for the naked, but pardon for the overwhelming ma- jority of the inhabitants of the Axis countries. "This policy would be' much more conducive to world rehabil- iation and world peace than one which would rest upon the false assumption that all the members of a political community automati- cally share in the guilt of their criminal rulers. The proper at- titude was well stated recently by Mme. Chiang Kai-Shek." Monsignor Ryan quotes also in this connection the words of Presi- dent Roosevelt, .responding to the pledge of loyalty offered him by the Catholic Hierarchy: "We shall win this war, and in victory we shall seek not vengeance but the establishment of an interna- tional order in which the spirit of Christ shall rule the hearts of men and of nations." Monsignor Ryan describes this as "probably the loftiest sentiment expressed by the chief of any State in many years." Punishment of leaders and min- or offenders in the Axis nations, he states, should be assigned ' to an international tribunal establish- ed for that purpose. "Let the Axis people be dealt with in full conformity with Christ's gospel of brotherly love," he concludes, "but do not let ir- rational, weak-minded, and anti- social sentimentalism be adopted in the treatment of their respon- sible and guilty leders, the inter- national criminals." dination of his cousin, the Rev. William Grannis, at Nashville on Saturday of this week. The Most Reverend William L. Adrian, D. D., Bishop of Nash- ville will raise the young candi- date to the holy priesthood in the Cathedral of the Incarnation. Bishop Morris accompanied by the at. Rev, Msgr. Francis A. A1- fen and the at. Rev. Msgr'. John J. Healy left Friday for Nash- ville. Miss Margaret Morris is to leave later on the train to at- tend the ceremony. The First Solemn Mass of Fath- er Grannis will be held the next day at Nashville on Sunday, May 30, in the same Cathedral at i I0:30 a.m. It is reca:led that only a year ago on the occasion of his Golden Jubilee the Bishop ordained a nephew, the Rev. Morris Stritch in a large class at St. Andrew's Cathedral here. Dutch Universities Close In Protest Against Nazis New York. (E)--The Catholic University of Nijmegen and the Catholic Trade University at Til- bury, both in the Netherlands, have closed down rather than con- tinue operations on the restric- tive measures imposed on schools and students by the German au- thorities, the Netherlands Infor- mation Bureau here reported it had learned from London. A number of other universities in the country, it was reported, also have suspended classes. The reports stated that under orders of the Nazi authorities, students wore made to sign "declarations of obedience" and the number of students who rcfused to sign were in such preponderance, this situa- tion alone made the holding o'f classes futile. Aid Peace, Create Better Social Order Five Members Of Hierarchy Present To Participate In Toledo Sessions By Burke Walsh Toledo, O.With five Members of the Hierarchy present at the various sessions, upwards of a hundred delegates gather- ed here for the Thirty-third Annual Convention of the Catholic Press Association of the United States. Stressing heavily problems presented by war-time condi- tions, the delegates began a close re-examination of the role and ,opportunities of the Catholic Press and the challenges con- fronting it. The Most Rev. Karl J. Alter, Bishop of Toledo and host to the Convention, addressing a dinner session, indicated "two Fathers Reynolds And Diamond Called To Army Little Rock.--The announce- ment of the Rev. Thomas P. :Reynolds of Hoxie, and the ', Rev. Charles S. Diamond, form- ' er assistant of St. Joseph's Church, Pine Bluff as chap- lains in the U. S. Army is made this week. The Military Ordinariate has notified them to report to Har- vard University June 12, to at- tend military chaplain school. Father Reynolds was ordain- ed in the class of 1935 and F&ther Diamond in the 1942 Jubilee class commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Bishop's ordination to the holy priesthood. :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: First Check On Guardian Picture Service Received Guardian Office. -- $22.00 this week from Council 812, Knights of Columbus, Little Rock, marks the initial payment on the gift of the Picture Service to The Guardian by the Knights of Ark- ansas. $154.00 pays the annual cost f this valuable and timely service of pictures issued weekly by the NCWC News Service. For years the Knights of Columbus in the Diocese have prorated this amount among their various councils and have made it their annual gift to their Official Diocesan paper. Grand Knight John Helbron of Little Rock council writes in sending his council's check that it is with pleasure that he is able to do so, in order "to maintain the required assistance in furnishing this progressive Picture Service carried each week by The Guard- ian." Knights of Council 812 and all other councils, the staff and mem- bers of the Guardian board are grateful to you for this important assistance. Retreat Is Co For Mexican Conscript Mexico City. (E)A spiritual re- treat, closing' with' a corporate Communion Mass in the Church of San Cosmo here, was conducted by the Rev. Jose Garcia Luna y Vilchis for young conscripts about to leave for the training 5amp. The retreat was held at the head- quarter of Mexican Catholic Ac- tion Youth. The young women's organiza- tion, Union Femenlna dc Catho. licas Mexicanas, is preparing to render social and religiots ser- vice to the soldiers and their fam- ilies. broad "fields" in which, he said, "the editorial policy of Catholic newspapers can exercise most constructive influence." These were "qlarification of the ob- jectives for which the pres- ent war is being waged and the organization of peace" and "the creation of a better social order based on Christian principles." Present at the dinner session were the Most Rev. John Mark Gannon, Bishop of Erie and Epis- copal Chairman of the l'ess De- partment, National Catholic Wel- fare Conference; the Most Rev. Thomas K. Gorman, Bishop of Reno and Assistant Episcopal Chairman of the N.C.W.C., Press Department; the Most Rev. John F. Noll, Bishop of Fort Wayne, and the Most Rev. Edward F. Hoban, Coadjutor Bishop of Cleveland. Greater Reslmnstbllity Also speaking at the dinner ses- sion was the Rev. James M. Gillis, C.S.P., Editor of The ,Caeholie World, New York City, who said war conditions have placed on the Catholic Press responsihility greater tan ever before to speak the truth: Warning that some would attempt to blame them if they spoke their minds on some topics, charging them with med- dling in politics: ,Father Olllis showed how philosophical subjects have been confused with "poli- tics," and declared that to shut an editor up on these truths "is not only an injustice but folly." Opening the convention, A. J. Wey, General Manager of the Catholic Press Union, Cleveland, and President of the C.P.A., said the past year has been a troubled one--and a challenging one--for the Catholic Press in America. "We have been challenged," he declared, "to do a bet- ter job with fewer hands. We have been challenged to find and hold the path of true patriotism be- tween the twin extremes of flag- wrapped patrioteers and true patrioteers and the obstructionism of selfish interest. We have been challenged by a philosophy mask- ing itself as patriotism that holds that even the young mother's place is at the drill press---while social workers sweep up the wreckage of her home. proud Of War Record "Of its war record so far," Mr. Wey said, "the Catholic Press in America may be justly proud. In every field of war activity that has opened to us, we have acquit- ted ourselves with distinction. There is reason to trust that no less distinction will attend our efforts to help lay the ideological foundation of the post-war world." Asserting that' "we have the only formula for a lasting world peace, just as we have the only formula for a lasting world personal peace," Mr. Wey said: "Our biggest job, our sharpest challenge is to redouble our ef- forts to make the formula known Bishop Alter Cites Goal Of Cc0000holic Press Toledo, O. (E)-- Asserting that the Catholic Press should be "not only a strong right arm of de- fense but also a powerful in- strument in creating a Christian mentality," the Most Rev. Karl J. Alter, Bishop of Toledo, indi- cated "two broad fields in which the editorial policy of our Catholic newspapers can exercise most constructive influence." Addressing. editors and pub- lishers gathered here for the thirty-third annual convention of he Catholic Press Association of the United States, to whom he is host, Bishop Alter said the first of these fields is "the clarifica- tion of the objectives for which the present war is being waged and the organization of peace" and the second is "the creation of a better social order based on ChriStian principles." Reminding that "the Catholic newspaper is an extension of the magisterium of the Church," Bishop Alter said the Catholic Press is "intimately associated with the teaching function of the Church." He stressed the fact that "more intensive work must be done i'f we hope to, create among our Catholic people pro- found convictions which will lead to effective action." "All too frequently," His Ex- cellency added, "Catholics have failed to appreciate the fact that the implications of the Gospel in the political, social and economic order are not merely a matter of personal opinion but rather a matter of Christian teaching lead- ing to the establishment of a Christian social order to which we, as Catholics, are and must be !committed." Social-Economic Objectives Bishop Alter also advocated "the development and extension of labor unions, especially among white-collar workers" and the establishment of farm associations and cooperatives." He called for "a greater particixmtion of labor in management, profits and own- ership" and said "to make this policy effective boards of direct- ors should include representatives chosen freely by the workers." His Excellency also advocated public ownership, or at least pub- lic control, of utilities invested with wide public interest and which, by their nature, "require the form of a monopoly for the sake of efficiency and the com- mon good.'" The Bishop called for "the de- velopment of separate groups of employers and workers to study the Encyclicals of the Popes so that special application can be made to the problems of each separate group," "This separate grouping, however, should be merely preliminary to subsequent joint meetings such as are now held under the auspices of Ca- tholic' industrial conferences," he added. Favors Crop Control Bishop Alter advocated "the existing Government program of crop control with an ever-nmTnal granary" supported by "Govern- ment loans on crops to maintain fair price levels." He approved the Government program of "maintaining a parity between prices in agriculture and those in industry" and" advocated the or- ganization of parish credit unions as the first step toward other forms of cooperatives. Urging "a modified form of economic planning under Govern- ment supervision and regulation, but with initiative and direction by democratieally-orgpmized in- dustry, agriculture and profes- sions," Bishop Alter said: "When we speak of a democratic organ- ization we have in mind the vo- cational or functional groups advocated by Pope Plus XI in Quadragesimo Anno."" As "a social objective," Bishop Alter urged that every student who has completed his high school course with satisfaction and who is capable of high studies be pro- vided with a Government loan "within reasonable time and without interest." It would be understood, he said, that the stu- dent would meet proper standards of ability, diligence and character. Finally, the Bishop advocated "the rapid extension of hospital- ization, medical and surgical bene- fits to all of our citizens through the recently-established voluntary insurance plans, with the alterna- tive of obligatory Government in- surance on a Contributory basis if voluntary plans are inade- quate." and accepted--to do the greatest !job of salesmanship in our lives :for Christ and His peace." Father O'Connor stressed the character of the Catholic Press as a "mission," and took issue with I those who would contend that the Catholic Newspaper is a failure. tie declared the "case of the Ca- tholic newspaper in our genera- tion," has been good, and said that while there "is undoubtedly a wide basis for concern over the millions of non-readers reckoned on the basis of population," at the same time "there is also concern over number of non-participants in other Church activities." Support Of Church Activities "I dare to say" Father O'Connor continued, "that there is not a dio- cesan newspaper in our Associa- tion that cannot muster as large a following for any cause, or stir as many protests against any abuse or attract as big aft attendance at any event through competent ap- peal in one week's issue as can be accomplished by a local d'aily in a single publication of equal space." Father Kennedy struck a sim- ilar note. He stated that the Ca- tholic papers' circulation in this country compares favorably with the fact that only about one out of three Catholics attend parish See PRESS on pae 8