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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
May 22, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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May 22, 1920

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SEN- FtRST CttURCH ERECTED IN CUARE CHURCHES CONTROLL N MAID OF ()BSTACLES IN IJFE CROWNED ATE COMMITTEE BACKS AND FILLS, DENIES[ COUNTY OF BOONF,-FIRST IN ED BY CAPITALISM. , -" " ....  DIOCESE WITH S'I BLASE AS .... $," IN DLATH OF A MARTYR. AND REPEATS FORMER STATEMENTS. PATRON. " " , - Sm'ialist Berger l00abid 00UG, UG Tol00ehe , , , (By N. C. W. C. Servico.) , , +, +T0uchets Sire , e s lo B ILSON HIDI,S LIN1}S LI, PTER t's St0ry Characteristic of th trugg s - (special to The Guardian.) .'i  - which the Irish people have made to -- _ .... I Harrison, May 17.--Rt. Rev. John Scurrilous Attacks Made on Cath i u mshop in keep alive the flame o the faith in Its Publication Would Be Full Evidence of the Admmls-I. Morris, D. D., Bishop of Little Church When Socialists Decl d ()-f  ttmcrican that country is the life story of the tration's Mexican Muddle and the Expose of Bigoted rock, yesterday dedicated the Church Their "Princil, les." : Venerable Oliver Plunker. D.++.+ :i) ........ A, I ",A Qh,rn lTn ;n qffrTo[of St. Blase with imposing ceremony, II OtUtailt 11 It/pl:allUt'i, 1.llllAl k.fillY IT IS L.JlJ lit l t u5 _ He was born in County Meath in " - -- land confirmed a class of sixteen chil- (By N. C. W. C. News Sewice.) OO':. W. C.'-ews Service.) 1629 and executed at Tyburn on July Colors. Idren and tvo adults. Neu York, May 14.--Scu lo "" *' .........  1 ' - , . , I The new church at Harrison was tacks were made on the Ca 1 30. On May 7th and" 11, 168 . . . ., +. ,;, (olle,-e (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) tionists Mr. land characerze(t aSlerected throu-'h the efforts of Rev A Churcl (luring the debate i th ? once more gomg back to h wed such rndence that Washington, May 10. Judge Francs some fals,c and very man) geatly e H Metz of Eureka Springs, where cialist National Convention on , 01t . . at Rome he s o . p  . . ed I " "  . i. of. old, will wffness m e as de uted by fihe h'ish ishops C. Kearful, counsel for the Senate Sub- aggerat . o he is pastor of St. Elizabeth's Church, f a clau e in 1 ::aplenlor th Joan of Arc h  P " " " " " ' ' * " " s ' Mr Lind demed that he ever ch,rged .  of prin iples," . , e s theh" re resentative After Committee mvestigatmg conthtmn m " . .. with the parmh of St Blase at Har- Your corres ondent is to act a. P " . ' .. .. . . the Cathohc Church wffh responmbflty . .' . . 'er, who [sund, .... ve ob " P-.  .... 6e hiy| appointment as Bshop of Ar- Mexico, has furmshed the Naaonal , ": '--d conditio-s in Mexico rson as a nussmn, hawng .Sunday tamed fm ,, went to London to Cathohc Welfare Council lth a copy o tne oa n - n-:"" , in ..... 1669 be " ' " "' " " [setwice fortnightly for the past sev- leral per tentia] "*'s an intetwiew from "'-'2' .... .... +i,,to the rimrS of the of the full testimony of John land. __ Lind Denies. l eral years ties, wa one o _ udp o [y calls him: anti-Catholic laws, entering upon Iris Represented Wilson. "I mght have saltt that ,t was un- The Church of St. Blase is now one e assails ts of / [Opan of Arc:and new apostolate at Armagh in March, Mr Lind went to Mexico as the fortunate that the Catholic Ghurcb,]of the four Catholic churches located Regulate Souls. --.J "Uization of the Maid c.a ..... .., .......... ,+; .... v p .... ,, with its hold on the people and its along the" M and N A railroad, in its ---- :: tf he crowning of the "It s recorded that m older to blmg Vll/:n" ' Hl'.epo-'i: t;; P'e;i3e;t po,er, has not deoted mole efforts to 30O-mlle stletch, thlough Arkansa.% SOCIALISTS IN CONVENTION DE- CLARE CHURCHES CONTROLL- Scurrilous Attacks Made on Catholic Declare New York, May 14.--Scurrilous at- Catholic Church during the debate in the So- the adoption of a clause in the party's "declaration of principles," yesterday. Victor Berg'er, who is under sentence to the Federal penitentiaT for dis- loyal activities, was one of the most rabid of the assailants of the Ghurch. The clause which provoked the de- bate asserted/, that "the capitalists" 000 . the 26 years of his the sacrament of confirmation to his never_has been published. But in ad- education of the masses of the Mexi- the other churches being at Helena, own the people's "churches and regu- ,000 ? )0ttchet 'eing some .Marvehms Victory. suffering people he had to undergo severest hardships; often he had no unt took evident pleas- actoxT;i the origin and the other food than a little oaten bread. He had to seek out their abodes on : through centuries of with  ry of the Joan of Arc fes- the mountains and in the woods, and, rmattol e Said: as a rule, it was under the broad ' lance was in a most dan- canopy of Heaven that the sacrament was administered, both the flock and icament. She was ex- the pastor being exposed to wind anti ller one hundred years war rain. Yet within three months he had .gland. The defeats of confirmed ten thousand and in little and Agincourt had .r best armies; the British more than three years 48,665. [L  Rurgundianswereestab- The persecutions that broke out t: early three-quarters of against the h'ish Church in 1673 :L stands today; they held closed the chapels and scattered the schools., re North, the East,. and Dr. Plunket did not forsake .If Of t .... his flock. He traveled the country :1 tb dho.ane outh. Hen v side, ministering to his people. In ,*. ":I,-, " oeen crownea in l-arls, ...... .Ped b one oI ms lesters he recites of his ex- : Y hs soldiers and the " ., '+ . ,; Fd o  permnces wn tim Archbishop of kTO.), tg f 1;rance, Charles , , ]'N[t" "'en refuge in Touraine CaNnel: .,, ,[e o , . . , . " "The snow Ieu heavily, mixed with :,,' " orleans had lasett ]or ...... ':" azl, 'e " - s ..... hailstones, wmcn were very hard and ': , " re t to be.c ..... . _ , ,es XrtT . . , large. A strong north wind blew in =  .*x prepares to seek +00,00,;AUver,. ....... our faces and the snow and hail beat .:)llj.- , ,vc, ne IasL t+rencn ' "" "" in OUt _ so treamuHy eyes that up to IiBiege of " " the present we have scarcely been able ='_aay _ ., r,eans. to see Often we were in danger of +. ,, ,aSlly fancy how great . " " n w iety Of +"^ "^nch who being lost and suffocated m the .. 0 , --- :Jhe .-  .... ' till at length we arrived at the house IN ! lia3 arlOus phases of )he of a reduced gentleman, who had noth- , Wtten suciclenl ne tda t - ' Y., ink to lose. But, to our misfortune, --"; br_oad, that a young" g:rb he had a stranger in the house by same te ', at Donremy, on :ne whom we did not wish to be recog- . CUBe, Joan ot Arc Dy " r (-SU'DO]+OIIe to th ...... nized, hence we were placed ,ha ga- ''-:W-. ae l'tmg at Ulllnon, ..... . r+=h ffO;= ma he ........... re+ w+nou+ winnow and without fire, Wlbll  . was mreeteo to ntm .. . ........ 1, .... ,la .v .............. been for eight days. ,, , Order to free her coun- an4 ex:  .... ay t redound to the glory of God, +++ + aglsh armies and save . d and:hr s ...... the salvatmn of souls and the flock - ..rlg:_. ,ae nesktation narles .... our easeo w h ....... enruse(I o care." - --: r wtn the commands "" i's f r the :; and -1 .... wr t," o arrest of Dr. Plunker r.1 :7 p aces under ner or- eatedl ':att "e .... were rep y issued by the gov- __ .'-,tlk,-  ,s nerals, l)unois, la- _^_, ID)N rttilles e),,,,. Seized and cast into prison [li,7 " Orleans was tie-. .... ---- - ae En .... " , , In I.)UDlln Castle, December 6, 1679, :=ith gasn lSven oacz . 1 o .... ne was taken to London for trial, for a .... utry there was a geE t Of rejoicing, but how ,t was, well know that no jury in Ire- ,lm,r, , ...... mnu would listen t) the testimony of " .,w more enthusmsuc .. m;Y...+ tne perjured witnesses who were rUST rn 4% the have the are ind. Rv red. May, at night, Joan of the Fort of about 8:30, under the :aad amidst the pealing Orleans, riding on greeted by the crowd. On the a solemn service was and a pro- aCknoWledgment to the help granted the whole of France. Was followed by all and military authori- the origin of the to America. on learning that of the Orleans cele- the Bishop Americans! Tell keep the most pre- of the sojourn at soldiers. The so much faith and the Protestants, of respect for all is why, upon the Funeral Mass me to celebrate for Stepped out of the no word to an- I put my heart Then there brought against him. It was charged that a Spanish and French fleet had been ohartered by him to land an army in Carlingford Bay, but the real charge was that of, being a Catholic bishop. Chief Jus- tice Pembeon, the same who said that there could be no crime greater than an endeavor to propagate the Catholic faith "time which," he declared, "there is not anything more displeasing to God or more pernicious to the world," pronounced sentence on him. Dr. Plunker delivered an eloquent discourse, which has been translated into many languages, from the scaf- fold. His last words were: "Into Thy hands, 0 Lord, I commend my spirit." Plunket's was the last of a long series of deaths for the faith at Ty- burn, for the very next day the bubble of ?,he Cat.vlic "conspiracy" broke, Lord Shaftesbury, the chief instiga- tor of the persecution, was consigned to the Tower and his chief perjured witness, Titue Oates, was thrown into )risen. SEE ANY CONNECTION? A Portland, Oregon, professor of so- ciology, o fan inquiring mind, has been comparing the 36 largest cities of the United States. He finds Charleston, South Carolina, the worst in paying the lowest wages per hour, having the .cheers such as I h';ghest death rate, the highest infant as lofig as I live." n:ortality ,the lowest school attend- Who were in the French their support headquar- Cross. anee, an dthe highest in percentage of illiteracy. South Carolina got into the Union in 1788 and ha an esti- mated population this year of 1,678,o OO0, with a Catholic population of un- Jer 10,000.--Bullen, St. Paul. dresses which he has made and inter- views he has given Mr. Lind has dis- closed of the information he gleaned and some of the views he formed in the course o his investiga- tion. Some o Mr. Lind's expressed views about conditions in Mexico have been hostile to the Catholic Church. There is therefore much Catholic in- terest in the character of the testimony given by Mr. Lind before the Com- mittee. Only a remark or two, here- tofore, has been published in the secu- lar press. Lind's Foolish Charge. In the course of his examination by Judge Kearful, Mr. Lind, supplement- ed, modified, or flatly denied many as- sertions about the Church which he lasbeen quoted as having made, but he still clung to his contention that "the failure of the Catholic Church to establish and sustain public schools" in Mexico principally was responsible can people. That I may have said, and I say that now. School Question. "Where did you get the information that the Catholic Ghudch has not per- formed its proper functions in regard to the matter?" Judge Kearful asked next. "I did not say it had not performed its proper functions. Whether an in- stitution had performed its proper functions depends upon the time, place and circumstances. But I say now that I think it very unfortunate that a larger effort by those in position to exercise and maintain popular educa- tion. For instance, I do not agree with the opposition in the United States to our public system and our public schools." Shies at Controversy. "Have you, since the publication of this booklet (one containing Lind's article from The Bellman) read a pamphlet issued by Rev. Francis C. for the backwardness of the Mexican I Kelley, entitled 'A Book of Red and people, land Assumes. Yellow,' in which he refers to the statements made by you?" "The policy of that Church las xot "Yes; but I do not care to discuss been to foster popular education of the the book or pamphlet," replied Lind. masses; I mean in the same sense. I "I do not want any controversy with will not say that, either; I am not as-]any Jesuit or any one else." suming to say what its policy has To Judge Kearful's question whether been, but. ithas not been done, that is Mr. Lind was apprehensive about the all there is to it. Outside of the towns influence of the Catholic Church upon there was not a school house to be, found in Mexico at that time. There lMexican affairs, the witness replied: are some now; a'great many as I un-I "Only as I stated this morning. derstand it." i What poor Mexico needs is education, schools, and to the extent that the Lind's Opinion. ' "-- Ichurch in Mexico opposes public "Do you think that the operations of I schools I think it is a very unfortunate the Catholic Church in Mexico were policy, and I think the same policy for the good or to the injury of the in the United States very unfortun- Mexican people ?" "That is a controversial question that I think would be very unfair and very unprofitable, to discuss, answered Mr. Lind. "I am asking only for what your opinion was." "I may not agree with some of the policies of the Catholic Church or any other church, but for me to undertake to condemn its work would be an ab- surdity that no sane man, no level- headed man, could be guilty of." "Was it one of the bases of your matured views that one of the difficul- ties in Mexico was the operations of the Catholic Church?" "No, sir. I have said and have felt that a state Church in politics is a misfortune in any country. I have "al- ways felt that way and feel that way now, and I think when those were the ccnditions in Mexico that Mexico  was no exception." "You did not find those condiHons existing when you were there, did you ?" What conditions. "This inteYerence in politics on the part of the Church. Judge Kear- ful inquired. "I do not know, but they had a Catholic party, a church party, and always hve had as I understand it." Lind Shows Ignorance. Judge Kdarful asked whether it wasn't a fact that ever since the adop- tion of the constitution of 1857 the church has had no influence in Mexi- can affairs and that all its property was confiscated by the government. "I could not disCuss those questiohs with any degree of accuracy;" replie d Mr. Lind. The reports of the confiscation of property, the desecration of churches and the persecution of priests and nuns at the hands of the Mexican revolu- ate." Judge Kearful then asked Mr. Lind whether the influence of th'e Catholic Church in Mexico is such as to pre- vent the establishment of public schools. "As to that I have no opinion as to the extent of its influence," answered Mr. Lind, "but I think in so far as it can exercise any influence it is not in the direction of either establishing or sustaining public schools . . ." "But you never made that state- sent." "I never made that statement," Mr.. Lind said. IRISH BISHOPS PROTEST NEW EDUCATIONAL BILL Claims It to Be Denationalizing. (N. C. W:, C. Special Cable.) Dublin, May 19.The attempt of the British Government to foist its new education bill on Ireland is being vig- orously protested by the Irish bishops, on the grounds that it is denationaliz- ing and would place the control of the Irish schools in the hands of two Pres- byterians and an unnamed Government nominee. It is pointed out that Ire- land is under the disadvantage of be- ing a Catholic country held under the subjection of a Protestant state, and that the new bill would deprive bish-" ops and clergy of supervision of the schools for religious training. The recent public statement of Judge Samuels, that the new education bill is essential, has been severely denounced by Lord Justice O'Connor, a Catlholic. The rebuke, which calls at- tention to Samuel's deliberate breach of a judicial tradition by making a public declaration on the matter, has created a sensation. Armstrong Springs and Eureka Springs. Growth of Catholicity. Fourteen years ago, Rt. Rev. Bishop Morris, as the newly consecrated Bishop of the Diocese of Little Rock, with a mental survey of the 53000 square miles of Episcopa jurisdic- tion, numbering very few large Cath- olic centers and very limited in its smller ones, must have had hesitant doubt as to the future of Catholic growth in Arkansas. But'year by year actual .personal survey of his diocese has removed all doubt as to the future of the Diocese of Little Rock. Anxiously and zealously he has watched and felt it grow. Each suc- ceeding year has brought with it Episcopa! visitations to new parishes, hitherto .untraversed roads began to be outlined upon his periodical jour- news through the State, and little by little he has found himself the shel)herd of a flock, habitants in most every section of the Arkansas area. Bishop Morris at Harrison, Last Saturday morning early His Lordship started from Little Rock ac- companied by his secretary, Rev. H. H. Wernke, and Rev. Gee.. H. McDer- mott of the Guardian, on his first visitation trip to that part of the dio- cese northwest of Armstrong Springs on the M. & N. A. railroad. His des- tination was Harrison, the county seat of Boone county, and one of the very- promising cities of Northern Arkansas. The U. S. census of 1920 just published the fact that Harrison, Ark., had a population increase in the past ten years of 109 per cent, giving its present population at about 7,000. This proves its progression. His Lordship's first visit to Harrison marked concmTently the dedication of the first church and the administering of. Confirmation to the first class in Boone county. Bishop's Arrival. His route to Harrison from Iittle Rock, via Kenset% made him cover parts of Pulaski, Lonoke, White, Cle- burne, Van Buren, Searcy and Boone counties, in all a rail journey of over 200 miles, entailing six hours in its travel. Rain was falling upon the arrival of the train at 4 p. m., but it did not dampen the receptive mood of the Bishop, when he found that Father Metz+ and his parishoners at Harrison had provided for al contingencies of time and weather. General Manager James C. Phelan of the M. & N. A., for a short time gave over his eveeu- tive activities as a railroad manager and with Father Metz acted as a per- sonal conductor of the Bishop and his party from the station to the hotel, where most comfortable reservations were provided. Church of St, "Blase. After resting awhile, a isit was made to the new church, a few blocks distant from the civic center on a commanding hill sigh, where esconced in a grove  of trees was the little church, of frame construction, in event line and aspect bespeaking the church churchly from the gilded cross on the roof to the vestibule porch. Exte- riorly the church and sight favorably impressed the BiShop and with a close inspection of the interior, Father Metz and his parishoners received his hearty commendations for their zeal, thei constructive efforts and their late their souls." This "declaration" was prepared by a committee of which Morris Hillquit, one of the chief proph- ets of American socialism, was chair- man. One speaker who denied that the "declaration" was true was round- ly hissed. Berger With Protestalnts. In supporting the motion to adopt the clause, Victor Bergev said the Catholic Church opposed Socialism "because its policy is dictated by the Pope, who is guided by advisers in France and Germany." Berger said the Protestant sects are not all hostile to Socialism. Ministers in Wisconsin. in many instances, are studying social- istic doctrines, he said. Italian Delegates. A. Di Luca, of the Italian Federa- tion ,a fraternal delegate, said it was about time that the Socialist party awoke to the fact that it "had ghe priests and the churches to fight as well as capitalism." One advocate of the "declaration" on the subject of churches sought to amend the clause by adding a pro- nouncement in favor of taxing he property of all religious organizations. Secret Antagonism. After a sharp conflict of words that part of the clause which alleged that ihe 'capitalists" own the people's churches was eliminated.' Apparently, the convention's final determination to . withhold any expression of hostility to churches and religion was grounded iu policy, q he" view that the party should refrain from open antagonism to religion was voiced by William Karlin of New York. Discretion Sought. "There is a certain amount of dis- cretion which we propagandists must use," he said. "Theffe are many people to whom we can appeal if we don't arouse their religious prejudice." "If the churches stand for the old order it will be a bad day for them when the new order comes," Karlin continued. Capitalists to Blame. As finally made a part of the "decla- ration" the clause read: "They (the capitalists) own the peo- ple's jobs and deter-mine their wages; they control the narkets of the world and fix the price of the products of the farmer; they own their homes and fix their rents; they own their food and set its cost; they own their press and formulate their convictions; they own the government and make their laws; they own their schools and mould their minds." HOLY NAME RALLY. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Alexandria, Va., May 19.--Seven thousand members from Washington, Baltimore and other cities participated in the Holy Name Society parade here this afternoon. The marchers, carry- ing pennants and banners, were led by a United States cavalry troop from Ft. Meyer, and one thousand cadets of St. John Military Academy and Gon- zaga College. Bishop D. J. O'Connell of Richmond welcomed the visitors and officiated at solemn Benediction in the open air. Very Rev. Jas. Mackin, O. P., preached on "Love .of God and Country." tion, the greatest of its kind ever held in Virginia. admirable taste in designing and fur- a purpose. : It merely ak' non-'ca- (Continued on Page 8.) famous.