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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
May 21, 1954     Arkansas Catholic
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May 21, 1954

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By Sentry Dle Bien Phu after had held out odds has stir- of the free world else has done of the Light Crimean War. Is it it merely a coin- Light Brigade be- Just one hundred 18547 There was a school boy and lris thrilled to the heroism by the English charged to their blunder of a mill- Those memorable rang down as an example seldom dupli- there a man dis- though the soldiers knew someone had blundered. "Theirs n o t to m,ake reply, theirs n o t to reason why, theirs but to do and die." Who shall say that the men at Dien Bien Phu were not 01 t h e same heroic mold? It is hard Why they were left Why they were not will Withdrawn. There e for his post was not charge of the once it was under- be done about charged down a KS on both sides , Phu, General his men were left ;]tl p t their courage tt_ iT egs hordes of savage tel u, :w e Frenchmen were o ,elr bravest •ire•, and " El s, who fought the ready t o 'tt c or rood   at old Thermop- m,LOUght to the finish _ii?e. Ir naked fists until W.;;ttbdued by numbers. dilfJ m a, as our great Coln once said on the i/ f Gettysburg, "that •   -_ dead shall not have * "and that the citizen• T°rld will take cour- aOW of bravery and E a their lethargy and dlt. I1 of the threat of g o engulf the world. V °f the nation• that i'. free are going "to ----tt=',lOgether or they will IIWIY .'' We are in a - mui.atar to the gladiators , !m=.dcus addressed at be00t• then we .=.mKu Wait for the butch- j,BI) if! we are men we |illlehting about It, * pendtng all the [ease for, if we are .. I, d' ---- by like cowards r]l 111 K llg to protect our- t tAJ Cu'  cur enemies at home m |V. agency outside of puts stres• is proper and a lot. For this gratifying to read that Radcliffe school for girls, has  stringent regula- the dress of the school. In the ,idriffs, no thigh bare shoulders for the girls I grounds or in any his rules out the I and shorts, which I ee length. These I contrast to a in the world their defiance by censuring the for maintaining In a recent lagazinc by Dr. of the Chicago School, the Justify a breach because of the of persons, speakitg about by the Catholic the practice of Nichols says of Protestant•, unattached that medi- birth control of- law." He asks, a law that is only by the  This good Doctor law is estab- of the people. the majority of stealing and also be licit theory. of the vaunted of th e 8th Chapter of oct Of numbers the moral law asked God of Sodom people could Who were just. kept de- Lord promised if only ten just found. So it not accept the violating the dit. Asamat- ty is usually 's are rapidly many young are finishing ffolng out to • art• of advice on this subject, basic points experienced men because they men and oth- for helpers certain char- Most husi- sesd by those Boys o1 )age 8 "CATHOLIC TRAVELERS' GUIDE" It contains the h o u r s ol MASSES (Sunday, holy day and weekday), times for CONFES- SIONS, NOVENA DEVOTIONS, ETC., in every cathedral, parish and mission church, national or historical ehrine in North Amer- ica. Almost 1000 listings for California alone ... Every travel- er or vacationer needs this "Guide" .................................. $2.•0 (Guardian Press Store) Volume XLIIi ' / ! : THE LIC PUBLICATION OF THE DIOCESE .... ' ................ L[TI'LE' ROCK," ARKANSAS, 1Vi'AY 2'11 19'54 Five Raise-d00To Priesthood In Ordination Rites At Subiaco Sublao.---ictured above, on the left, is that part of the ceremony date is Msgr. Joseph A. Murray. Of ordination when the ordaining prelate, His Excellency, Bishop On the picture to the right is the •cone toward• the end of the rite Fletcher, present• the sacred vessels, to the candidate foi- the priest- of ordination wherein the Bishop imposes hands upon the eandi- hood. Father Stephen Eckart, O.$.B., is shown touching the date, Father Nicholas Fuhrmann, O.S.B. In this act the Bishop • bestows the power to forgive •in• and pronounce• the words: chalice, paten and altar bread, his hands bound with linen cloth "Receive the Holy Ghost; whose sin• thou shalt forgive, they are since they have Just previously been annointed. Assisting His forgiven them; and whose sin• thou salt retain, they are re- Excellency is Father Maurice Gerke, O.S.B., and behind the candi- tained." Bishop FletcherO00ai00 Bened,ctlnes At Subia(o. Abbey In Solemn Ri}ei!00 Sunday " Subiaco.ln ceremonies at New Subiaco Sunday, May 16, nine me ors o -  " dictine community were advanced in Sacred Orders by the Most Rev. Albert L. Fletcher, [ R;,=, (-r];ne D.D.. Bishop of Little Rock. Of this group five were ordained to the Holy Priesthood and I --** v, ...... ueacons four received the diaconate. . I,! ....... , Ordained to the Priesthood  i , were Fathers Benedict. Buerg, _ ......... _ = ...... . ........... '_, ........... "_ .............. ler, Bruno Fuhrmann, Nicholas ''-- ...... '-' ....  .............. - ............................... Fuhrmann, Stephen E c k'a r t, II a= = • II  = | | and Bernard Schumacher, Re- invllaIIon I:xlenaecl ceiving the diaconate were Fra- ters Sebastian Beshoner, Kevin Watkins, Jude Anton, and Blaise Bahz. Of the five who were or- dained to the priesthood • three are natives of Texas, and two are natives of Arkansas. For one, Father Stephen Eckart, the abbey church has been his home parish all his life as he is a native of Subiaco. For an- other, Father Benedict Buerg- ler, the ordination was the third in his family. Father Benedict Buergler, O.S.B. Father Benedict succeeds two older brothers,to the priesthood as a member of new Subiaco Abbey. The son of Mr. and Mrs. Martin C. Buergler, of Fort Smith, Father Benedict has followed his brothers, Father Luke and Fath- * Individual picture• of the * * five candid/tes raised to the * * priesthood at Sublaco by His * * Excellency, Bishop Fletcher, * * appear on page 2 of this * * issue of The Guardian. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * er Boniface to the Benedictine priesthood. Father Benedict re- ceived his elementary education at St. Boniface School in Fort Smith, and entered the scholasti- cote at the academy for his high school work. He entered the no- vitiate of the abbey in September See SUBIACO on page 2 Pope's Blessing Carried Below By Microphone Vatican City. fD--(Radio)-- A microphone installed at the window of the Pope's study overlooking St. Peter's Square now makes is possible for the crowds gathered below not only to see the Holy Father :imparting his blessing but also to hear his words. Ia recent days, His Holiness has appeared repeatedly at his window, usually at noon and at :six in the evening. However,', :it was pointed out at the Vati-: can that these appearances of] Pope are entirely unscheduled and unplanned. They depend wholly on the number of peo- ple gathered in the square and on the Pope's disposition and: state of health at a particular time. Vatican officials have also made clear what is generally known in Rome: at the present time, and for the foreseeable future there is no likelihood of many regular audiences  if any. Apart from other con- sidcrations, the two canoniza,: 'don ceremonies scheduled for May 29-30 and June 12-13 de- mand careful conservation of t0000__Popf L Public To See Rites Of Ordination Here Little Rock.--From the largest' group of priests ever to be or- dained in a single class from St. John's Home Missions Seminary, the five who will remain in the Marian Shrine In Sylvan Hills North Little Rock.  The little church of the Immaculate Con- ception in Sylvan Hills has con- i tinued to grow in popularity as a Marian Year shrine for pilgrims. Along with the Marian Year proclamation the church, five l miles north of Park Hill in North Little Rock, fashioned a beautiful Marian shrine within the sanc- tuary, consisting of a statue of the Immaculate Conception en- closed with a canopy of blue silk. Because it is a mission parish, without school or adjoining rec- tory, the little church which is cared for by Father William Kordsmeier is not left open all day long every day of the week. Pilgrims are asked to call the pastor at SK 3-9124 or Mrs. Janis Weaver, who lives nearby the church, at SK 3-1400, so that the shrine may be opened for the con- venience and use of pilgrims. An invitation is extended all to visit the shrine of Mary in Sylvan Hills. Sunday Masses are at 7:30 and 9:30. An important activity of the parish takes place next Sunday, May 23, for benefit of a rectory building fund, in the form of the annual parish picnic, which be- gins with the serving of a barbe- cue dinner at Noon and continues [with other novelties and attrac- [ tions throughout the a.fternoon. [Readers are referred to an adver- / tisement which appears on page | of this issue of The Guardian. Diocese of Little Rock will re- ceive the Sacrament of Holy Or- ders to the Priesthood from His Excellency, Bishop Albert L. Fletcher, at St. Andrew's Cathe- dral on the morning of Ascension Thursday, May 27, at nine o'clock. The ceremonies will be record- od as the forty-first ordination grou) to have completed their studies at St. John's. This brings the Seminary's total number of graduate priests to two hundred and eighty three. * The entire class of twenty * * newly- ordained priests will * * be featured in The Guaxdlan's * * forthcoming Ordination Efli- * * tton on June fourth. * Each newly ordained priest will leave for his home parish where he will say his first Solemn Mass in the presence of his family and friends and will then return to the post assigned him by Bishop Fletcher. The new Arkansas priests are the following: Father Clancy Father Walter B. Clancy is from Helena, Arkansas; the son of Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Clancy. He will celebrate his first Solemn Mass on Sunday, May 30th, at St. Mary's Church in Helena. Officers of the Mass will be: Rev. John J. Kettler, Deacon; Rev. Francis Coco, S.J., Subdea- con. The Assistant priest will be The Very Roy. Gregory H. Keller Pastor of St. Mary's and the ser- mon will be preached by The Roy. Patrick Lynch. Before entering the Seminary, Father Clancy served in the Army for two years, from 1944 to 1946. While in the Fifth Infantry Division in Germany, he was wounded and was awarded the Purple Heart. Father Dagwell Father Robert A. Dagwell is from Hot Springs, Ark., the son of Mrs. Irene and the late Robert A. Dagwell. He will celebrate his first Solemn Mass atten o'clock on Sunday, May 30th., at St. John's Church in Hot Springs. The of- Little Rock.  Hzs Excellency, Bishop Fletcher, will confer Sub- diaconate--the first of the Major Holy Orders preceding Priest- hood--to a gr'oup of twenty-four seminarians on Sunday, May 23rd, in the Seminary Chapel. The ceremonies will take place in the Seminary Chapel. Of the twenty-four students, nine are scheduled to remain Jn the Diocese of Little Rock. The seminarians receiving Sub- diaconate are as follows: Everett Anthony Ballman, John Edward Barnes, Joseph Henry Patrick Biltz, John Joseph McDaniel, Robert Francis Shea, Anthony Aloysius Valerian Benz, Edwin Joseph Ryan, Joseph Gu- lutzo, Edward John Murphy, Jo- Seph Alton Bourque, David Jo- seph Schiller, James Edward Mur- ]G3hy, Robert Anthony Golden, era]d BernaPd Brousseau, Robert Thomas Pickett, Medard Richard Lobocki, Daniel Anthony Yuska, W a 1 t e r Eugene MacPherson, Grove Renter Hayden, Patrick Augustus Morrow, John James Hlavacek, William Edward Kane, Louis Joseph Pesut, Vincent Eu- gene Maguire. Forty Hours In The Diocese Forty flours Devotion Will be held at: ! Holy Redeemer Church, E1 Dorado, on May 26, 27 and 28. Time For Reds to Get ricers of the Mass fill be" Rev. : :,. I t  .... t,,. A,t=,-b wllnam d. t,,orosmemr, ueacon;  . . ..;. ...... ................ time to begin the counter-revolu- oeacon; Kcv William /. welt- • . ; ....... he hart against t h e Communist man, lvlaser or t.:eremomes. *r . , • I ............... revolutmn, Boston s Archbishop ASSlstan _rles Wlll De The very [ ..... Lillis Pastor of IRchard J" Cushing declared here. ev Tnomas 1-1 , t , I ;, .... : ..... I 'It is time to assume a positive . donns anct me sermon Wlll UU • ' ............ I program against the forces of evil prcacnect Dy ancr orsmeler r*.c,nilircr ;n h. arnr rt ,ndv " Father L} Donnell ]the prelate told 300 delegates at ! Father John F. O Donnell is[ the 59th convention of the Mas- f from Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, lsachusetts K. of C. Council. Pea- I the son of Mrs. Bridget and the[ple have been too "condemning ],See ORDINATION on page 2 | instead of counteracting" he said. CARLISLE- LONOKE RUSSELLVILLE O F LITTLE ROCK Edition ................. NO. 2i' ' Few White or Negro Catholics Attendin9 Public Schools In Arkansas, Quick Check Shows The United States Supreme Court's decision holding race segregation in the public schooi unconstitutional will have sweeping effects in the South and Southwest. In handing down its unarlimous verdict that "segregation has no place in education," the high tribunal delayed issuing a formal decree ordering integration until after hearing arguments on certain side points next Fall. The plan gives the 17 States involved and their various local school systems time: ,to map out the complex programming involved in the change-over. For Catholics, one observa- ' tion says from a national point of view, those primarily affect- ed are those Catholic children attending public schools in the States which up until now have had segregated schools. The same point of view estimates that half of the nation's Cath- olic children are enrolled in public schools, a figure that is far from being true in Ar- kansas, wherein a great major- ity of all Catholic children are enrolled in the Catholic school system. A continuation of the same observation that may be' true in some States in the South but certainly is not ap- plicable to Arkansas, says that "owing to the relatively small number of Catholics in the south- ern region, the ratio in public schools there is probably higher." The Diocese of Little Rock em- braces the whole State of Ar- kansas. The many sacrificing teaching sisters in the Diocese of Little Rock who staff parochial schools, oftentimes alongside even some of the smaller diocesan mission parishes, permit the greater ma- jority of all Catholic children in Arkansas to attend parochial schools. The same praise is due the sacrificing religious who staff parochial Negro schools in the dio- cese of Little Rock. Possibly fewer than t, dozen Catholic Negro children in Arkansas are unable to attend a Catholic school. The table of statistics advanced by the "Commission for Catholic Missions for the Colored People and the Indians" shows Arkansas as having 900 Negro Catholics. t of Parochial Schools Enrollment Negro Diocese of Little Rock Total Negro Catholic' Population 900 Total Negro Catholic School Enrollment 964 Catholics Non-Catholic• " St. John'• parochial school, Fort Smith .... 36 105 St. Raphael's mission school, Pine Bluff .... 14 10 St. Cyprian's parohiai school, Helena ...... 5 61 Good Shepherd mlsston school, Conway .... II 30 St. Barlholomew elementary school, Little Rock ............ : ......................................... 24 135 St. Bartholomew high school, Little Rock 28 78 St. Augustine's school, North Little Rock I0 9 St. Peter's elementary school, Pine Bluff 34 111 St. Peter's high school, Pine Bluff ............... 18 4 St. Gabriel'• parochial school, Hot Springs 17 !i 197 767 Washington. (NC)Out of a total of some 15,000,000 Negroes in the United States, only about 420,000 are Cath- olics. And according to fig- ures gathered by the Commis- sion for Catholic Missions for the Colored People and the Indians, approximately 230,- 000 of the nation's Negro Catholics reside in the old "Solid South." The distribution' of Negro Cath- olics in the 17 States' which have required race segregation by law fn the public schools ranges from i the Diocese' of Lafayette, where 72,000 Negroes make up 22 per ['.cent of the Catholic: populatton to the Diocese of Wheeling, where ihere are only 250 Negroes in a total Catholic population of some 97,000. The State of Louisiana, with New York. (NC)  "Th˘ Catholic minority is in the van.  guard of the new leadership that is everywhere emerging |t the South," according to the scholar commissioned by ths Ford Foundation to survey thd progress of racial integratiol in Catholic educational, institu tions in 'the South und Border States. Writing in the current issue of the Catholic Interracial Re view, Dr. John J. O'Connor, pro- fessor of Georgetown University, holds that this new leadership "is determined to build a prosperous and progresisve re- gion for all citizens;" Dr. O'Connor: is alo prSsldent of the Catholic Interracial Coun- cil of Washington. His article is a digest of a survey he made last year at the request of the Ford Foundation's Fund for the n the eight Negro elementary and the two Negro high schools there is a total enrollment of 197 Catholic Negro children in the  State• These same schools for Negroes are also educating a total of 767 tuition-paying Non-Cath- olic Negro children. The care and solicitude evi- denced in the deeds and sacrifices that in past years have gone into the education of Negro children in the diocese by the sisters, brothers and priests, all laboring under the paternal guidance of true episcopal shepherds, is the most solid assurance that the transition from segregation to integration in the Catholic school system in the Diocese of Little Rock--although generally agreed to be a gradual one--will none- the-less advance as admirably and as completely as the dual school system has succeeded here to-date. That justice and charity prevail in the light of our Faith and in the democratic principles of our country, Catholics should "exer- cise the role of peacemakers" in inter-race relations, said Arch- bishop Joseph F. Rummel of New Orleans when referring to the pending Supreme Court segrega- tion cases more than a year ago. 148,000, accounts for 35 per cent of the country's Negro Catholic population and for more than flaree-fifths of the Catholic Ne- groes residing in States where segregation is of long-standing custom. While the Lafayette See has the largest number, the Arch- diocese of New Orleans--with 60,000 Negroes in a total Catholic population of some 516,000--ranks next. In North Carolina, where only some 33,000 persons in the State's total of 4,162,000 are Catholics there are only about 3,000 Cath- olic Negroes. Among the Sees with large numbers of Negro Catholics are Galveston, with 19,- 000; Mobile, with 12,000 and Baltimore, with 15,000. But in many of the Southwest and Border State Sees, the num- ber of Negro Catholics is very mall. These include Dallas-Fort Worth, 900 cut of a total of 86,- 000 Catholics; Austin, 880 out of 97,000; Corpns Christi, 300 out of 500,000; Little Rock, 900 out of 40,000; Louisville, 5,700 out of 139,000, and Covington, 300 out of 72,000. Knights Re-Elect Full Body Of State Officers Fort Smith.--At the Arkansas State Convention of the Knights of Columbus, held in Fort Smith I on May 15th to 17th, the entire[ ,group of state officers were re- elected in a body to their respec- tive posts, i The more than 100 delegates: who attended the three-day con- vention re-named Leo J. Byrne, of  Little Rock, as State Deputy; Jean Montandon, Blythevillc, Secre- tary; Bill ' Gisl˘r, Fort Smith, Treasurer; Jim Reynolds, Texar- kana, Advocate and Raymond Dupwe, Jonesboro, Warden. State membership in the Knights of Columbus now num- bers 2,015 with a new council at Paris, Logan County. Three other councils are in the process of or- ganization. It was decided that the 1955 conventionthe forty-seventh an- nual State convention of the Knights--will be held in Blythe- ville. Forty candidate Knights were initiated into the order on the second day of the convention with the exemplification of the first, second and third degrees at the Knights of Columbus Hall. On the last day of the meeting, a Requiem High Mass was cele- brated for the deceased members of the Knights at the Immaculate Conception Church. i A Sunday night banquet at St. Boniface Church was the social Advancement of Education, which is issuing a series of comprehen sive studies of bi-racial education in the United States. In the cur- rent article, Dr. O'Connor de- clares: , "The entire South is in a period of transition--economic, political, social, religious. Today's leader- ship in Dixie is looking forward to avory hopeful future for all citizens. "There are still a few die-hard politicians around, of course, who resent change of any kind and cling, with growing desperation to obsolete ideas and customs. This is also true, generally speaking, of the older generation. But young people in every part of the South welcome progress that is in har- mony with Christian and Ameri- can ideals. "Catholics in the South s.e, ir most places, a small minority of' the total population. Catholi˘ Negroes are only a tiny segmen of the total Negro population. Thd Catholic feeling in many sections is that the Protestant majorltt has the major responsibility fo abolishing racial segregation an discrimination." Among the 17 States whei'q public school segregation has beer required by law, Dr. O'Connor re. cords a pattern of segregation i,'t Catholic schools in Alabama, Ar kansas, Florida, Georgia, Keta. tucky, Mississippi, North Carolina Oklahoma, South Carolina, Ten nessee and Virginia. He cites "very little integration in the school system" in the New Or, highlight of the convention. Tbe leans Archdiosese, and none 'in principal speaker was The Rev. the Lafayette and Alexandria Martin Fischer. The guests in- Sees. And he notes varying d'ex cluded Mayor H. R. Hestand of grees of educational integratioq Fort Smith and the Rt. Rev. Paul on all educational levels"--at the Nahlen, Abbot of Subiaco. extreme end of the scale. But he Cther spcakers at the dinner in- says that in much of the South eluded The Roy. George Carnes, where educational segregation State Chaplain and Pastor of prevails, there is no segregation Lake Village; Leo J Byrne, State in Catholic churches and in vat- Deputy and Will O'Shea of Fort ious Catholic activities. Smith. * = = During the Monday busincs Psychiatrists, session, the Knights voted to con- tinue their work with various Clergy Call For Catholic organizations throughout the state. A resolution was passccl Cooperation , to give to each newly ordained Topeka, Kan. {IC)Misrepre, riest in and for Arkansas a burse sentations about psychiatry of $50. The organization also and religion were "deplored ' voted support to St. John's Semi- by a clergymen and pay-', nary Religion by Mail course, the chiatrists meeting at the Men, CYO, Newman Club. They again ninger Foundation here. ' gave The Guardian $320.00 for its Stating t h a t distortions national weekly mat picture ser- from both sides have prevent vice. ed the two groups from under- Telegrams of greetings from standing one another and have I lhe state council were sent to "enfused the public, the grouib , Bishop Albert L. Fletcher at Lfl- urged closer cooperation be-I tle Rock, Supreme Knight Luke tween experts in both fields. : Hart, and to Mayor Heater of Fort "For example, some clergyr Smith. men have charged all pay- The convention asked the state chiatry with being materialistic officers to study possibilities of a and with placing excessive one day school of instruction for emphasis on sex," a statement newly clotted Grand Knights and by participants said. "Some i6-Point Program Chairmen each psychiatrists have considered year. The officers will also take all religion a manifestation o under study the possibility of a neurosis." state paper of council activities.