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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
May 20, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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May 20, 1911

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00.lght THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN ARBITRATION WITH AMERICA. Appeal by English-Speaking Cardinals, Now that a treaty of arbitration be- tween the United Kingdom and the Uni- ted States is again under consideration, it seems well to recall the following joint appeal which was issued at Easter 1896 by Cardinal Gibbons, Cardinal Logue, and Cardinal aughan on behalf of a per- manent Tribunal of Arbitration: "We, the undersigned Cardinals, re- presentatives of the Prince of Peace, and of the Caflmlic C, hurch in our respective countries, invite all who hear our voice to co-operate in the fornmtion of a public opinion, which shall demand the estab- lishment of a pcrmmmnt Tribunal of Arbitration, as a rational substitute among the English-speuking races for a resort to the bloody arbitrament of war. We arc well aware that such a project is beset with practical difficulties. We believe thai they will not prove to be in- superable if the desire to overcome them be gemfine and general. Such a court existed for centuries, when tile nations of Christendom were nnited in one faith. And have we not seen nations appeal to that same caur for its judgnmnt in our own day? The establishifient dfa permanent tri- bunal, comprised, if may be, of trusted representatives of eaeh Sovereign Nation, with power to nominate judges and untpires according to the nature of the differences thit m'ise, and a common ac- ceptance of general prlncilfles defining and limiting the jnrisdietion attd subject matter of such a tribunal, would create new gtmrantees for peace that could not fail to influence the yhole of Christen- dora. Such an International Court of Arbitration would form a second line of defense, to be called into requisition only after the ordinary resources of diplomacy had been exhausted. It would at least postpone the outbreak of hostilities until reason and common-sense had formally pronounced their last word. This is a matter of which the constitu- tion and procedure must be settled by the governments. But as the governments the becoming more identified with the aspirations, and moulded by the desire of the people, an appeal in the first instance must be addressed to the people. We do not hesitate, on our part, to lift up our united voice, and to prochfim to all who are accustomed to hearken to our counsels that it is a sign of divine influence at work in their midst, when "Nation shall not lift up sword rtgainst nation, neither shall they be exercised any more in war" (Isaiah ii. 9), for it was written of a future time, 'Conm yc and l)ehold the work of the Lord, what won- ders Itc hath done upon the earth, making wars to cease even to the end of the earth" (Ps. xlv. 9). Others may base their appeal upon motives which touch your worldly in- terests, your prosperity, your world-wide influence ind mrthority in the affairs of men. The C'lthol[c Clim'eh recognizes the legitimate force of such motives in the natatral order, and blesses whatever tends to the real progress and elevatiou of the race. But our main ground of appeal rests upon the known character and will of the Prince of Peace, the living Found- er, the ])trine Head, of Christendom. I t was lie who dechu'ed that love of the brotherhood is a second commandment, like unto the first. It was He who an- nounced to the people the praise and re- We shall be glad to have a share of the business of the readers of this paper. Banking--4 Per Cent on Savings Accounts. Mortgage Loans on Little Rock Real Estate. Rentals and Property Management. Fire Insurance--Strong Companies. Citizens' Inve00ment and Security Company 210 West Second Street Little Rock, Arkansas The House Behind Its Merchandise HERE is one thing every person should in- vestigate before buying any article in tim way of Furniture--the construction, before everything else, should be clearly under- stood. Our goods are the best that are made for the price, and we welcome close comparison; to the person who cares for high grade, well designed and well built Furniture, we offer some really great values. For the next few days we will make special prices on Bed Room Furniture, which includes more than twenty new patterns in complete suits. Let us show you one of our new $20 uurm Walnut Princess Dressers for .... This is a $27.00 Dresser that we are selling special this week for only $20.00. Arkansas Carpet and Furniture Co. " The House that Quality Built" Open an Account With Us Today. Phone 573 Sixth and Main Streets Reed Grocery Co. 900 PARK AVENUE CHOICE GROCERIES Fresh Vegetables Daily Your Smallest Want Promptly Attended GIVE US A TRIAL OLD PHONE 1522 CUT ON THIS LINE AND MAIL TODAY Subscription Order .................................................................................. 1911 CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY 315 W. Markam St., Little Rock, Ark. Kindl send THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN to m address for one year. I enclose herewith $1.50 in payment of same. I will remit for same on 1911 Draw mark Ihrouoh line not applicable ward of those who seek after peace and pursue it. "Blessed," said He, "are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God" (Matt. v. 9). We, therefore, earnestly invite all to unite with us in pressing their convictions and desires upon their respective govermnents by means of petitions and such other measures as are constitutional. J. Cardinal Gibbons. Archbishop of Baltimore, Michael Cardinal Logue, . Archbislmp of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland. Ilcrbcrt Cardinal Vaughan, Archbishop of Westminister. Easter Sunday, 1896. --London Tablet. "CHARLES CARROLL OF CARROLLTON." Members of the General Assembly Which Bears the Name of the Distinguished Patrot Hear Interesting Address. The last meeting of Charles Car- roll General Asscmhly, Fourth De- gree, Knights of Columbus of the Borough of Manhattan, New York City, was held at its permanent meet- ing place, I1O East Fifty-Ninth street on Thursday evening, April 6th, Bro. Edw. F. Laccy, F. N., presiding. The Assembly has at present a member- ship of L65o. Supreme Knight Jas. A. Flaherty will Ire the guest of hon- or at the May meeting. The June meeting will take the fornt of an out- ing and will be held out of town. Under "General Good of the Or- tier," Bro. Thomas S. Lonergan, His- torian of the New York Chapter, de- livered the following brief address ou "Charles Carroll of Carrollton," af- ter whom the Asscml)ly has been nalned : "The Carrolls of Maryland arc the descendants of an ancient h-ish fam- ily of that name. Daniel Carroll, of Kings County, Ireland. the grandfa- ther of Charles Carroll, of Carroll- ton. arrived in the Colony ()f Mary- land in the year 1688. A few years later hc was appointed Judge and Register of the land office of that Proviuce. "Charles Carroll. of Carrollton, was 1)orn in 1737, at Annal)olis. Md. At the age of ii hc and his first cousin, John Carroll, afterwards first Bish. op of the Catholic Church in the United States. wcrc sent to the Jesu- it College of St. Omcrs, in France, to be educated. He went from there to the College of Louis le Grand. Later he studied law for five years in the Middle Temple, London. He returned home m I764, an accom- plished scholar, an eloquent speaker and a full-fledged American revolu- tionist. Although lie had lived in Europe for fnlly fifteen years, tie did not develop any sympathy for mon- archical institutions. "The controversy which grew out of the Stamp Act involved the fun- damental principles of the American Revolution. lte lost no time ira tak- ing sides with his countrymen against the government of King George. Among the many oblc writers who took part in that controversy, no erie was more conspicuous than Charles Carroll. He was an able champion of civil and eligious liberty. "In I772 tie wrote a series of bril- liant articles for the Maryland Ga- zette, espousing the cause of Ameri- can independence, which attracted considerahle attention through the colonies. "The year before the American Revolution began, Charles Carroll wrote to a member of the British Parliament as follows: "'Your thousands of soldiers may come, but they will be masters of the spot only on which they encamp. They will find naught but enemies before and around them. If we are beaten on the plains we will retreat ot the mountains and defy them. Our resources will increase with our dif- ficulties. Necessity will force us to exertion; until tired of combating in vain against a spirit whiclr victory cannot subdue, your enemies will evacuate our soil and your country retire an immense loser from tile contest. No, slr! We have made up our minds to hide the tssue of the approaching struggle, and though much blood may bc spilled, we have no doubt of our ultimate success.' "During the American Revolution tlae Carrolls. of Maryland, Catholic and Protestant alike, wcre staunch American patriots, and loyal follow- ers of Washington. "In the early part of I776, the Con- tinental Congress appointed Charles Carroll, 13enjamin Franklin and Sam- uel Chase on a commission to Cana- du for the purpose of winning over the Canadians to unite with the Americans in their struggle for inde- pendence. Owing to the death of General Montgomery atad the defeat of the American troops, their mis- sion was a failure. "Although not a member of Con- gress when the Declaartion of Inde- pendence was adopted, lie was instu- mental in getting the Maryland dele: Signed ............. ,-.+- .... . gates to vote for its adoption, and he : " ' .... ': ' ' ' " [:had the honor of putting his signa- Addms .... : : [tt!re to the Declaration on the 2d The Great Piano Sale Receivers Sale of Fine Clough & Warren Pianos NOW IN PROGRESS A Veritable Harvest of Piano Bar00alns At Hollenber00 Music Company's 604-606 Main St. STORE OPEN EVENINGS Terms of payment to suit--S5, $6, $8, $10 per month will procure one of these splendid pianos for you. Our flexible payment plan will arrange all the pay. ments to meet your every wish. $350 Pianos at $215; $375 at $235; $385 at $245; $400, $450 and $500 Pianos at $265, $287 and $325, and terms of Payment to meet your wishes. Never Such a Chance to buy fine pianos--handsome pianos-- elegant styles and fancy woods--mis- stun styles, Queen Amle, Louis XV, Colonial and Sheraton styles, in mahog- any, oak and walnut and fully warrant- ed. Don't delay a day. COme at once to see these great bargains and select the piano to go into your home. Out-of-Town Buyers will make their railroad fare many times over and save $100 to $200 be. sides. As soon as you read this adver- tisement take the next train and come to Little Rock to secure your bargain. Never before has there been such an opportmdty for the people of Little oek and of Ark,lsas to obtain a high- grade piano at practically half is value. The Clough & Warren Co. of Detroit was forced into hands of receivers. The Hollenberg Music Company, always alive to the interest of its patrons and to best serve the people of this State, promptly secured a large number of these pianos at about 50 cents on the dollar, had them shipped in car lots, and are now offering them for quick sale at our warerooms, 604-608 Main street. The sale started yesterday and many pianos were sold. We tkerefore urge that you call at once to select your fine piano bargains. Don't delay--act promptly. Take advantage of this great opportu- nity to obtain one of the finest pianos made at one-half its value and have us send it out to your home today. Established 1853 Hollenberg Music Company 604-606 Main Street The Oldest, the Largest, the Best Piano and Organ House in Arkansas. of August, I776, at which time most of the fifty-six members signed the engrossed copy. "Charles Carroll was consldcrcd the wealthiest man in the Colonies at that time, which speaks vohnnes for his patriotism. During the early years of the Revolution hc was a ntcmbcr of the Board of War and was one of the Congressional Com- lnittcc who vsitcd General Washing- ton and his starving army at Valley Forge. Hc strenuously opposed and exposed the 'Conway Cabal,' which consl)ired to have Gates superccde \\;Vashington Dttring tile Revolution he was a close friend and advisor of General Washington. "\\;Vheu the Constitution of the United States (of which his cousiu, Daniel Carroll, was one of the fram- ers) was adopted, he was unanimous- ly elected the first United States Senator from Maryland. He was in lmMic life from I776 to I8o4, when lie retired to private life, carrying with him the respect and admiration of his countrymen, regardless of race or creed. "I-Ie died in I832. He was the last of the signers of the Declaration of ludepcndencc and one of tile purest patriots that ever lived. He outlived Thomas Jefferson and John Adams by six years. "Carroll was instrumental, through the influence of Washington, in get- ting this amendment embodied 'in the Constitution of the United States: "'Congress shall ntake no law re- specting au estal)lishment of religion or prohibiting the full exercise there- of.' "In his last days he uttered these remarkable words: "'I have lived to nay ninety-sixth year; I have enjoyed continued health; I have been blessed with great wealth, property, and most of the good things which the world can bestow -- public approbation, ap- plause; but what I now look back on with the geratcst satisfaction to my- self is that I have practiced the du- ties of my religion.' "Noble sentiments from the grand old man in the very evening of his memorable career. He lived in an age of religious intolerance, yet lie was tolerant and respected all forms of the Christian religion. His mot- to was: "God and Country,' which !should be the motto of every good American Catholic. Daniel Wehster, [in t@ eulogy on 'Jefefrson and Ad- ams, delivered in Fanuil Hall, Bos- ton, August 2, 1826, paid this tribute to Charles Carroll: "'Of the illustrious signers of the Declaration of Independence there now remains only Charles Carroll. He seems an aged oak, standing alone on the plain, which time has spared a little longer after all its contem- poraries have been leveled with the dust. Venerable object: we delight to gather round its trunk, while yet it stands, and to dwell beneath its shadows. Sole survivor of an assem- hly of as great men as the world has witnessed, in a transaction one of the most important that history re- cords, what ,thoughts, what interest- ing reflections must fill his elevated and devout soul. If he dwell on the past, how touching its recollections; if he survey the present, how happy, how joyous, how full of the fruition ]of that hope, which his ardent pa- triotism indulged; if lie glance at the future, how does the prospect of his country's advancement ahnost hewil- der his conception! Fortunate, dis- tinguished patriotl Interesting relic of the past! Let him know that while we honor the dead, wc do not forget the living; and that there is not a heart here which does not fervently pray that Heaven may keep him yet back from the society of his com- panions.' That is a magnificent eulo- gy and should be familiar to all Antcrican Catholics. "Charles Carroll, take him all in all, was one of the nohlest specimens of high and intellectual manhood the American Colonies ever produced. He lived and died a practical man and a sterling patriot. He was a fine scholar, a constructive statesman, and a Christian gentleman. There were no emergencies long enough or broad enough to separate his sympa- thies from suffering humanity, or to )revent him from being .a friend to the cause of human liberty in every land beneath the stars." {''"!11 i t \\; /!: