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May 20, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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May 20, 1911

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rge tax THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN II i II i i I. "A STUPENDOUS MORAL REVOLUTION." The fiftieth anniversary of tile Treaty of Tientsin will occur on Oc- tober 24 in the present year, but the vital date was last Monday--the last day on which it was open to the Government of China to denounce the treaty which forced upon her peo- ple the importation of opium from India. The fateful day has come and gone, and the Treaty is not de- nounced. But it is not denounced only for the hest and happiest of reasons. We are on the eve of all agreement which will end not only the importation of opium from In- dia, but the whole traffic in and con- stunption of the drug throughout the Chinese Empire: It sounds too good to be true, but in this case the in- credible is a fact. The Chinese Gov- ernment, which we are accustomed to treat with such easy scorn as at once feeble and autocratic and cor- rupt, has done at a stroke what no people in Western Europe would dare to attempt. It has eradicated in a few years a secret vice which en- slaved millions, and done so by sheer administrative strength, and so set what ought to serve at once for an example and an inspiration to Eu- rope. Tile Treaty of Tientsin is not denounced only because there is a quicker way to end the evil, and be- cause there is good reason to hope and helieve that within two years the whole traffic in opium, from abroad and at home, and all tile intoxicat- ing dreams of opium will be things of the past. It is pleasant to know that the really heroic efforts which have been made by the Government of China to suppress this horrible vice have been met more than half way by the Government of India. The resultant change stands for one of the most tremendous revolutions ever told of in all the long story of the human race. '1?hey were not all cynics who smiled three years ago, when Eng- land and China solemnly agreed that the importation of opium should be reduced annually hy 5,IOO chests, for the reduction was dependent upon a sinfilar diminution in the output of the poppy harvest in China itself. How could tile Govermnent of Pe- kin exercise any sort of effective control through all the vast provincs of a loosely-knit Empire over a dreadful habit more insidious and more tyrannacal even than the drink passion? The Western world scoff- ed and then wondered--but mean- while the thing was done. Before tile restrictive agreement which he- gan on January I, I9o8, India for its profit exported 67,oo0 chests of opi- um to tile wdue at present prices of about thirteen miUions sterling. Of these, 5,oo chests went to minister to the vice of China. In the first year after tile restrictive agreement China was expected to import 45,- 900 chests; in fact with such energy was the home campaign conducted that only 42,I22 chests entered the country. The following year, the In- dian exports being again restricted, China was expected to take from all quarters 4L8oo chests. Actually she took 42d83 chests. The higher prices fetched by the scarcer drug had attracted some of the supply from the Straits Settlements and the neighboring countries. Last year, allowing for the additional reduction in the indian export, China was ex- pected to take ,36,700 chests. From all sources she took only ,30,654 chests. Meanwhile tile stocks of opi- um in tile bonded stores ill the Treaty ports have accumulated to the extent of 20,0oo chests; for the mer- chants, profoundly skeptical of the sincerity of the Chinese Government have accnnnflated the drug expecting the demand to revive. There are now four millions sterling at stake and the merchants who are the pur- veyors to the vice are beginning to whimper and hope they may be com- pensated by the British taxpayer. So far the British Government is saris- fled that China has loyally kept her pledges and reduced the area under the cultivation of the poppy to an extent which is fully proportionate to the (liminution of the Indian sup- ply. Nol)ody l)retends that precise statistics are available for all parts of the Eu]l)ire of China, and the re- )ort of Sir Alexander i-losie as to the extent to which the poppy is grown in the great province of Szechuan is anxiously awaited; but if tile Times correspondent in Pekin is as well informed as he usually is, our Government is about to agree to shorteu the time during which the import of opitun is legal, and to de- clare its readiness to end the traffic as soot] as its production in China itself is finally prohibited. And, meanwhile, tile Chinese Government is to he at librty to increase the duty on imported opium from Iio taels per picul to 3,30 taels. As a further concession, it is agreed that as each Chinese province effectively sup- presses the cultivation of the poppy and forbids the import of native opi- um, England shall prohibit the im- port of Indian opium into that pro- vince. For the present, entry into Canton and Shanghai is permitted. The corrspondent ends a memorable dispatch with these words: "The agreement means tile extinction of the opium trade within at most two years, or even earlier." Was there ever such a blessed and hewildering revolution in so short a time? Five years ago millions of Chi- nese were adnfittedly the slaves of the opium habit, and now we are told that two years hence the vice will be unknown in the Empire. If that can be done in China, surely for very shame our own Governnlent will be forced into doing something effect- ive to bridle the beer traffic in Eng- land. There is no use persecuting publicans when the closing of a li- censed house is in)mediately follow- ed by the opening of a club. Some- thing far more drastic is required, something comparable to the nation- al effort and national sacrifice of which China has shown herself capa- ble. We pity the slaves of the opi- um habit, but is tile drink hahit in this country less imperious, less wasteful, or less destructive? Sir Thomas Whittaker, M. P., calculates that the expenditure on strong drink in this country has averaged during the last five years a lmndred and six- ty-five millions sterling. If we gave up to the national exchequer what we spend every year on drink we could go our way without taxation. [LOUIS KOERS "Tile housing problem is a pressing one, but few people realize that we spend as much on drink every year as is tile annual value of every dwell- ing house in the United Kingdom. That is to say, tile money spent on drink would suffice to enable the whole nation to live rent free." We all admit and deplore the evil and waste of tile drink traffic, and now we see how an autocratic Government is triumphing over a national vice in ChinaImust democracy be con- 'tent to confess that it is unequal to !a similar task? And if ill the end the conviction is forced upon us that to secure a radical cure it will be neces- sary to ask the moderate drinker to forego his innocent indulgence, would that be too great a price with which to buy what might be fairly described as all act of national re- deml)tion? Certainly those who are perltal)s inclined to despair of suc- cess in the long war with tile Drink Demon may well look to the exam- ple of China, and, seeing, take heart again.--London Tablet. WHY FAVOR THE MASONS? (By the Rcv. Dr. Cantwell, Editor The Monitor, Newark, N. J.) Our Masonic brethren have got the habit lately of laying the corner- stones of civic buildings and dedi- cating them. The other day they laid the corner- stone of the new Post Office in As- bury Park. The Grand Master of the Order in New Jcrsey presided and the Masonic Chaplain said the pray- er. Most of the docmnents and many of the memorial objects placed in the cornerstone box were Mason- ic. These were devout manifesta- tions of the square and the compass and the trowel and we arc told that oil and wine, "emblenmtic of success and prosperity," were poured over the stone, l?ormer Governor Stokes then made the address of the day. We have no doubt that future ages will be impressed with the power, or might we call it the overwhehning asmnption of this enterprising and acquisitive secret association. Of course in view of the persisting sen- timent that Church and State shall be kept separated, the presence of the Chaplain may seem somewhat in- congruous to the puzzled antiquari- ans of the future; and wine as an emblem of prosperity may rather be- lie the contemporary agitation for the exclusion of the saloon of As- bury Park. But all these are of the future. Former Governor Stokes is always tactful, gracious and eloquent. When he noticed the array of Masonry, he sized up the requirements of the sit- uation, tle said several nice com- flimentary things to and of the brethren of the apron. And, of course, he did not neglect to make tile reference to the building of Sol- omon's Ten]ple, with which, hy the way, our Masonic friends had as much to do as with the building of Noah's Ark. We have several letters of protest against the ceremony of the corner- stone laying of the Post Office building in Asbury Park. One of them, at least, is from a gentleman who writes, not as a Catholic but as a citizen, t-te says: "Editor of The Monitor, "Sir:Considerable local publicity is being given to the fact that a pri- vate organization figured conspicu- ously in the ceremonies of dedicat- _ ing a national building. There is no S tudebaker doubt in tile minds of the menxbers A 5arrlage$ aT......., and sul)portersoftlfisparticularor- ganization; it is accepted as a nlatter anu/llll=C of course; that the iml)ressiveness B gg  W of their ritualistic ceremonics are U les agons peerless; but how about those citi- zens belonging to other or no partic- ular orgainzations and are content Oliver Chilled Plows be represented by tile civil au- thorities?, Could they be blamed if they considered this a SPECIAL PIIV1LEGE? Would tim nlembers Harness, Whips and Robes of this organization he content if one of the hundred other fraternities rJ. Markham St. LITTLE ROCK were granted this special privilege? 29.1 Is it not obnoxious to the fraternity of citizenship that a particular class .... " or body shouhl be honored and that JlillI their ceremonies should overshadow i Your Own Ideas of Harness i tl'e iml)ortance and impressiveness of the civil ceremonies which are de- signed to show that this building, the property 'of all citizens, is an0th- i Carried Out in Detail -__-- el" naonunlent to tile iudustry and ill- telligence of a peoi)lc working ia a [. If you want a buggy harness, =" conmmn cause for the common good . II.l carriage harness or team har- - of all; that ours is a "government by l.,/'r  ness made to order, different , the people and for the people"? This _-= lrr'   from the prevailing styles.  occasion in public construction of- fers tile greatest oportunity for de- =- !111'] i , Adangerous harness is one -= veloping patriotic sentiment and eu- " ],'thla' | " y0tl buy, but don't knowwho -" thusiasm and malting it a private E /il/l / 'Inado it.  ceremony by the Masonsor even af- 11,|11151 There is no uncertainty  filiated fraternities is and will be '11I a'b011t 0Ilr ]l,'trless, Evol'y _---considered a direct blow at tile -= l part is made according to the - equality of citizenship and will be = 1 ' dictates of skill. We want = resented as such by all reasonable -= Ir /ll/ y011r !rade, for we believe we --- citizens, regardless of fraternal af- _-- . deserve it in ,the high-class - filiations". "CITIZEN." - "1] harness service we can ren- --- Now we are of ol)inion that there = I der at easy-reac'hed prices, - is nmch truth and justice in this let- - lllr lr 11"llTl[1l[a"lI.IlDg. = ter of our fellow-citizen. We think, _-"  ,/=lJkl.Jr'lll,,llk,JIF-l[ a. ]also,. that it !s the expression of a -- ....... I" s o" A'! .... - Igenume Ilatrmtism. We .feel sure , i3tame upp Je i t nzntts ---- .......... Hlal: tile lvaasontc ureter, wnen tile --- Old Phone i47 Repairing a Specialty 411 Main St. -- --. --'_ ]members consider honestly and I IIIIIIIIIIII IIIII squarely the whole matter, will agree rlllllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll IIII Ill IIIIIIIIIIIIIII1 [ ' ' : with the sentiments uttered. We have no hesitancy in appealing to then], for we consider them a fair- minded body of men. \\;Vas it just the right thing to lay tile cornerstone of tile Asbury Park Post Office with the Masonic cere- monial? Are there not other organ- izations to be considered? Is not the great body of citizenship to be con- sidered? Civic buildings should be begun and dedicated with purely civ- ic cerelnonies. The Masons were ol)truding themselves on tiffs occa- sion where their better sense nmst have told then] that they were usurp- ing rights and duties which did not belong to them. At the cornerstone laying of a municipal building, the Mayor of the municipality should preside; if it is a State building, the honor of presiding and conducting tile ceremony belongs to the Gover- nor; they are the chosen representa- tives of the whole people. At a fed- eral bnilding, the Department con- cerned should designate some repre- sentative. This is the honest and American way of doing these things. This honor should not be usurped I)y any secret or fraternal orgaMza- tion. These may attend, if they are invited; but ill a private capacity. And we may add that it is a risky policy to invite any one private or- ganization and not invite then] all. The official cornerstone laying or dedication of any public building should be absolutely a civil ceremo- lay. True Americanisn] eschews all special privileges. All citizens are alike before the authorities; all pri- vate organizations stand on exactly the same footing. It was an outrage on citizenship and on the American sentiment of equality that the Mason should be called in to lay the corner- stone of a federal building. And we believe that down in their hearts, our Masonic friends acknowledge all this. Little heed may be given to our )retest; but finally, truth and justice will win out. We are teaching pnre American principles, and though the force of influence may suppress then] for a while, they will in the end assert themselves so strongly that they who remain deaf to them, Mll do so at their own peril. Representative Crumpacker of Indi- ana assured Representative Korbly of the same state that it was ten min- utes to I2, "although," he added, "nay watch may be a few minutes this side or that of the correct time." "You are not as confident about your timepiece," said Korbly, "as nay friends, Bishop Chartrand of Indian- apolis and Bishop O'Donaghue of Louisville when they compared watches once upon a time. "It is just three minutes to 9," said Bishop Chartrand. "It is exactly four minutes and a half to 9, rejoined Bishop O'Don- aghue. "I know the exact time," exclaimed Bishop Chartrand, "my watch is one in which I have the utmost faith." "Ah, Bishop," replied the prelate from Louisville, "we must not hope to succeed through faith alone. I have not only faith in nay watch, but I know of its good works." "And when shall I take the sleep- ing-draught, doctor?" "Well, about fifteen minutes before you go to sleep." IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIH2. -:- ARE ho00o _:-- ==- L. stay. Have you =-- - heard of us? If not, -=-" - we would be glad to- ---- have you call at our stu- ---" - die and let us show you - i samples of our work. == - i Photographer i - 120 Main Street - " Satisfaction or " - money back MITCHELL SELIGMAN Architect Citizens Bank Building PINE BLUFF, ARK. TELEPHONE 1584 Railroad Lands The Land Department of the ST. LOUIS IRON MOUNTAIN and SOUTHERN AND LITTLE ROCK and FORT SMITH RAILWAY Announces the following list of ield and Locating Land Agents, to whom the public is invited to write for informa- tion relative to Railroad Lands, of which about EIGHT HUNDRED AND fifTY THOUSAND ACRES are now offered for sale at very low prices and on easy terms: RICIIARD JACKgON .................. Paragould, Greene Co., Ark. S. C. DOWELL .................... Walnut Ridgo, Lawrenco Oo., Ark. 1,'. M. HA .......................... Batesvillo, Independeneo Co, Ark. WALTER G. CALDWELL .................. Searey, Whito Co., Ark. H. N. BEAM .............................................. Beebe, Whito Co, Ark. J. H. BRAWLEY .................................... Cbot, Lonoko Co. Ark. A. :M. CROW .................................... Arkadelphia, Clark Co., Ark. H. B. McKENZIE ............................ Irescott, Nevada Co., Ark. STEVE CARRIGAN ...................... Hope, Hompstead Co, Ark. W. H. DUNCAN ............................ Conway, Faulknor Co., Ark. CALVIN SELLERS ...................... Morrilton, Conway Co., Ark. R. B. WILSON .................................. Russellville, Pope Co., Ark. . M. THRELKELD .................... Clarksille, Johnson Co., Ark. CONRAD ELSKEN .................................... Paris, Logan Co., Ark. W. R. BURN .............................. Yah Buren, Crawford Co., Ark. Each of the above gentlemen is thoroughly posted upon the quality and adaptability of the soils in his territory, and will gladly answer all inquiries and give all possible informa- tion relative to the lands owned by the Railroad Companies. or general information and reo Pamphlets, Maps and Plats, write to G.A.A. DEANE LAND COMMISSIONER LITTLE ROCK, - - ARKANSAS The Lardest and Most Comnlete.'Stock In the State to Select From MONAHAN & STEINERT DEALERS IN Monuments and All Kinds of Tombstones Old,Phone 2565 LITTLE ROCK, ARK. There is an old saying which says : "You can fool some of the people all the time All the people some of the time, But you can't fool All of the people all the time." Our motto is : "Please all the people all the time." Make us convince you. 00ittlr 00tram 00,aunl00r00 217-219-221 Center Street :: :: :: Telephone 534 ._!i for Store or Residence or Sleeping o che : Send postal. Phone for sample and estimate Little Rock Tent and Awning Company z _:-= p , , , === ractlcal SOclahsin By REV. MNSG. J. M. LUCEY This booklet gives the principlos of practical Socialism as presented -- -- by the highest authorities of the Socialistic organization, quoting the _---- = authorities. It then gives tho solution of lifo's problem presented by. -- _-- Christian civilization. Those who may read this bookletand it can - -- be read in half an hour or less---will bo able to comparo the remedies --- which Socialism has in vain offm'ed to tho world to ameliorato the _ = poverty and distress of earthly life and the curo which the 0hristian = religion has for centuries so successfully employed. The late Dr. Lam- -- - bert, editor of tho New York Freeman's Journal, said that it was the -- --- best book of the kind printed. Tho price is nominal; singlo copios, --- -_- 5c; by the 100, 3c, postage freo; by the 1,000, 2c, oxpressago free. -- _-- Pastors and others should ordora hundred or a thousand copies for _--- - general distribution. Socioties lifo tho Knights of Columbus, Hiber- -- --- nians and Knights of Father Matthew will find tho book an excellent --- _-- thing to defend tho faith against gocialists. __-- Address-- = The Cathollc Publication Soclety = 315 W. Markham St. LITrLE ROCK, ARK. _= IiIllIlIIllIIIIiII|IlIIiIlIIIIiII.IIiIIIIIIiIiIIiiIIIIiiiIiII`IIIIIIiIII :lll,