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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
May 20, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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May 20, 1911

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Tr' SOUTHERN GUARI)IAN Page T, .L .iL .li,f . t THE CATHOLIC SCHOOLS IN SCOTLAND The Catholics of Glasgow, Scot- land, have good rason to regard thetnselves as fortunate in the mat- ter of State aid to their schools, for- tunate that is, in comparison with the Catholic condition in many other places o11 both sides of the Atlantic. qFhough they (the Glasgow Catho- lics) have not full justice, to which of conrse they are entitled, they have so large a measure of it that with a little more there would be no longer a"religious question" in connection .- the schools iu that great city. "_r'he actual position is well stated in an article in a recent issue of the Glasgow Evening News (non-Cath- olic) from which (as printed in the Glasgow Observer) we quote the leading facts and particuhtrs. Ans- wering the question, "\\;Vlmt are the Voluntary Schools?" as parochial schools are called in Scotland, the writer of the article says: "For all practical purposes, as far as Glasgow is concerned, the Voluntary school question may bc described as the Catholic school question. The only other \\;;oluntary school in the same position as the Catholic schools is the solitary l,;piscopal School of St. Mary's. Of Catholic schools, under private management, there are no less than twenty-five, with an aver- age attendance of about 23,ooo chil- dren." How are these schools supportcd? They are supported (the article goes on to say) by the Government grants, and by the contributions of the various eongrgations. The Vol- untary schools receive, equally with the Board (Public) schools, eertain financial payments, or "grants," which are calculated on the average atendance of pupils. A condition of receiving such grants is compliance with the Education Department's regulations as to subjects of instruc- tion, etc., as comprised in what is known as the "Scotch Code." The Code is revised annually. With rgard to religion the rule or law is that no grant is paid, either in Voluntary or Board schools, for re- ligious instruction, and the Code di- rectly stipulates that where any re- ligious iustruction be given it must be either at the beginning, or the end, or both the beginning and the end, of the school timetable. As to the anaount of the grants and aids to the Board and the Vol- untary schools, and other financial as- pects of the situation the News arti- cle explains itself both in an inter- esting manner and observes upon them with much fairnes. We quote it ahnost fully: "All the grants calculated on the average atendance (except one to be mentioned hereafter) are paid in equal I)roportions to all State-aided schools. In addition to the "grants," some small extra payments are made for special suhjects, such as wood- work, and other manual occupations. Up to this point the Voluntary and Board schools are on the same foot- ing, but the Voluntary schools re- ceive a special 'grant in aid' (in which the Board schools do not par- ticipate) of three shillings (seventy- five cents) per child. "Notwithstanding this fact, howev- er, it occurs that the total of the Government contribution to the av- erage Board school comes out higher than to the average Catholic school. The reasons for this apparent anom- aly are no doubt to he found in the fact that the Board schools, having the support of the rates (local city taxes), are enabled to take up to the full extent the special subjects pre- viously mentione, d, which require an expensive equipment of apparatus, not repaid by the extra grant. Thus it is stated that, while the average Board school grant in Glasgow is for- ty-four shillings (eleven dollars) per child, that of the Voluntary school works out at only forty shillings (ten dollars). In the case of the Volun- tary school this sum represents the total contrbution from public funds of any kind. "The Board schools are different from the Voluntary schools in this respect  they have the additional support of the rates. The school rate n Glasgow for the year I9O9-I9IO yielded some 237,000. Divided among the 80,000 children in average attendance, officers, medical inspec- tion, and the other administrative ex- penses which are obligatory on the School Board for all schools in its area, the net contributions from the rates works out at about 2 I6s per child on average attendance at each of the Board schools. This sum add- ed to the 44s of Government grants br!ngs out the fact that each Board school pupil has annually expended upon his education the respectable total of not less than 5 ($25). "Here the crux of the difficulty presents tself. If it costs 5 to maintain the education of th Protest- ant child at the pubic school, how can the Catholic child be educated in the Voluntary school for 4os? Of course he isn't; and the difference between the amount of the Govern- ment grants and the actual cost has to be made up hy the contributions of the Catholic community. The ( .olic ratepayer naturally feels it a grievance that, while he has to make sacrifices on account of his own schools he has to contribute his full ;hare of the rates for the upkeep of chools of which under present cir- cumstances his conscientious convic- tions forl)id him to make use. The exact Catholic contribution to the rates cannot, of course, be determin- ed, but it would be probably correct to place it between 38,ooo and 4z,ooo. "On this basis it would appear that during the thirty-eight years since the institution of School Boards, the Catholic section of the community has contributd not less than one and a half millions of pounds towards the education of non-Catholic chil- dren. To put the case in another way, one-sixth of the cost of the edu- cation of each Board school child for the last thirty-eight years has been borne by the Catholic elctors. "The attitude of the Catholic com- mnnity to the Board schools is tbat it is a religious tenet with them that their children should be taught the Catholic religion, in a Catholic at- mosphere. They maintain that even if they took advantage of the Con- science Clause and withdrew their children from religious instruction it would still remain an insuperable ob- ection that secular education should be imparted by teachers whose mental outlook is not sympathetic to Cath- olic ideals. They argue that it is unjust, that, in a community where the Catholics form such a considera- ble element, the character of all the rate-aided schools should have been fixed as Protestant. "On the other hand, the ultra Pro- testant section of the electors retort that this is a Protestant country, and can have no connection with Roman Catholicism in any official form, and that, if the Catholics wish to obtain any of the benefits of the rates, they must send their children to the Board schools as at present consti- tuted, under the protection of the Conscience Clause. These two opin- ions represent the extremes on both sides. Between them there is a cou- siderable body of public opinion which recognizes that it is not for :the good of the body politic that in a great and enlightened city like Glas- gow a large section of the ratepayers should feel that they labor under an s! Xq laS plno pu '!lsn.fu.t and carefully considered measures to find a 'via media' that would not be unacceptable to either side." Those remarks are evidently prompted by a spirit fair and impar- tial, very creditable to the News writer. We may add the remark that we Catholics in America would have good reason for congratulation if we had as much of justice on the school question as the Catholics have in Glasgow. Will that ever be? We hope it witl.--Frecman's Journal. DR. QUACKENBOS SAYS HABIT GROWING RAPIDLY. American women drink as much as if not more than English women, ac- cording to Dr. John D. Quackenbos, who has made a study of the ques- tiou. nlike Dr. Murray Leslie, a London physician, who asserts that there is far more secret drinking among women than is generally known, Dr. Quackenbos says that in America women make no/effort to conceal their drinking, but proclaim their overfondness for high balls, cocktails and champagne by indulg- ing to excess in public cafes, restau- rants and the big hotels. Smoking, too, he says, is a vice coupled with the drink habit that is working hav- oc among women as well as girls. Dr. Quaekenbos is preparing a pa- per to be read in Baltimore before the Society for the Study of Alcohol. ic Beverages and Narcotic Drugs. Beer With Middle Classes. "The women of the middle classes in America drink beer, but not to excess, as a rule," he said. "It is a custom to have beer dinners, and if the stuff was pure the harm would be less than it is. "But tobacco is doing just as much harm as alcohol, for the two go to- gether, and I know that too much tobacco leads to too much alcohol. "American women, in doing any- thing good or bad, generally go to extremes, and my experience in New York shows it is very difficult to con- trol them, because of their .unwilling- Hess to. make any social sacrifices. "For instance, they keep going to social functions where punch and other alcoholic drinks are served, and they give wine dinners them- selves. They play with fire and tempt Providence continually. And the most unfortunate thing about it is that the habit is developing among young girls and dehutantes at their luncheons and dinners, coupled with smoking cigarettes and playing ,ames of chance for money." WHOLESALE CONFISCATION. The Portuguese Repuhlie is going out of its way to create trouhle for itself. Let it be granted that there may be reasons for disestablishing the Churchbut will anyone venture to say that such a step ought to be taken without the consent of Parlia- ment? Such a measure cannot be un- dertaken except by arrangement with the Holy See without a flagrant vi- olation of the most solenm treaty rights; but let us leave the Holy See out of the question, and ask whether it is anything less than indecent that a Government which derives its only authority from a successful nmtiny in the Lisbon barracks dispose of all ecclesiastical property by a simple decree without waiting for the con- sent of Parliament. Yet this is what the Government has pledged itself to do. The following particulars as to the I97 Articles of whicb the De- ere is to consist have been furnished by Reuter: In Clause I it is laid down tbat the Republic acknowledg- es and guarantees liberty of con- science and suppresses the Catholic religion as the religion of the State. No one may be prosecuted for a re- ligious cause. Domestic devotions are declared absolutely free, but pub- lic worstfip is subjected to certain rstrictions. Clause 2 establishes the principle that the sopport of any form of worship devolves upon the re- spective religious bodies of the com- munities. One-third ,of the income of such bodies is to be devoted to charitable objects. The communities are to take no part in public educa- tion, but' are restricted to giving re- ligious instruction. Clause 3 estab- lishes Government control of public worship both within and without re- ligious buildings. Clause 4 specifies and deals with buildings and proper- ty belonging to the Stae and those belonging to private individuals. In- ventories will be made of all real and )ersonal estate involved. Clause 5 determines the use to which the property is to be put. Such cathe- drals, churches, and chapels as may be judged necessary will be ceded free of charge to the religious asso- ciations, but services in them must be performed by Portuguese priests who have studied in Portugal. Clause 6 provides pensions for Portuguese priests exercising their functions at the date of the proclamation of the Republic. Clause 7 abolishes all the compulsory rates paid by parishion- ers to. priests. The State will con- tinue to control the seminaries, and the Government is empowered to re- organize the College of Colonial Mis- sion. Pontifical letters may not be published without the authorization of the Portuguese Government. London Tablet. THE CATHOLIC COL- ONIZATION SOCIETY. New Organization Launched at St. Louis, Under the Auspices of Archbishop Glennon. The Catholic Chueh Colonization Society of the' United States is the name of an organization formed last week hy twenty-six priests of the Catholic Church who held a two days' conference at the Southern Ho- tel, in St. Louis. Archbishop Glennon, who presided at the conference, said that the or- ganization was formed in order to foster, concentrate and direct Catho- lic colonization in the United States and to act as a central bureau of the local Catholic bureaus. The society will also co-operate with the National Racial Societies, where the same are in accord with local diocesan authori- ties. Rev. E. J. Vattmann of Chica- go was appointed secrtary. "There are annually more than I,- ooo,ooo i,nmigrants who come into the United States," said Archbishop Glennon. "Of this number 7oo,ooo are Catholics, two-thirds of whom are farmers. It is better to lead these people to farms than let the,n settle iu the cities, whieh are already con- gested. By the natural enviromnent of the farm they will be able to build i up a more uniform civilization. "The organization will also endeav- or to induce those who are already in the cities to settle on farms. They are tied down by industrialism and would be better off in the country, where they could live more intelli- gently and with more fxity of home life. This is to be one of the means of solving the social problem. THE SAME OLD STORY. On Saturday ltst nearly every prominent fisherman in Williams- port was fishing for trout in Ly- coming Creek. Flies, red-worms minnows and every kind of lure and bait was used, but no one seemed to be catching any trout--that is any- thing above six or seven inches. Fi- nally along came a small boy, Willie Rogers, aged IO or I2 years, fishing with a crooked stick, a "penny line" and a big hook. He baited it with an angle worm and threw it in just under the new Third street bridge. Hardly had the llne gotten into the water before he had landed a big, fat trent I6 inches long. The boy never stopped to play the fish--just gave him one throw and flapped him out onto the bank. Around the lad were a dozen men fishing with expensive tackle and they were sick with envy. Everyone cast into the same spot, lines got crossed and a general tangle resulted, but no one caught any fish except the small boy, whoqater landed a ten inch fish further down the stream. Philadelphia Record. THE EVOLUTION OF KHAKI. Discovery of the Proper Dye Result an Accident. A lucky accident led to the inven- tion of khaki, that olive colored cloth that is worn by soldiers. For years the British troops in India wore a cotton cloth of a green- ish brown, but it always faded when washed with soap. While discussing this defect with some British officers a business man from England care- lessly observed that the manufactur- er first to discover the means where- by a cotton drill could be made that would not fade would certainly make his fortune. One of the officers, a young man, took the hint. When he got theme he employed a skillful dy- er, and the two began a systematic search for an olive dye that when used on cotton cloth would not yield to soap or soda. They spent years in experiments along this line, but to no avail. The tiring seemed hope- less. One day, however, they found among numerous scraps of dyed cloth one that retained its color un- der the most severe tests. The puz- zling part of it all was that this scrap had been derived from a piece of cloth that had been subjected to the same processes. For a long time the experimenters tried to solve thir rid- dle. The one bit of cloth of khaki mentioned was the only piece that kept its color against all attacks. Finally by the merest chance they lilt upon the secret. The dye in which this scrap had heen dipped had re- mained for a time in a metal dish of a peculiar kind. This metal, in combination with the chemicals of the dye, had funished the very thing needed. They made the experiment with other pieces; the dye held, and heir fortunes were made. DOMESTIC SERVICE. A sensible woman in Germany has naugurated a movement to require all girls in that country to do com- pulsory domestic service for a term of years, just as the young men have to do compulsory military service. If the movement succeeds, we predict a boonl ih the marriage market of Germany and a falling off in divorces. Southern Messenger. St. Mary's College ST. MARYS, KANSAS Collegiate, Academic and English Commercial Courses Under the management of the Fathers of the Society of Jesus Write for Catalogue REV. ALOYSIUS A. BREEN, S. J., President SHOES with Class Nobby Patterns for Sav00 Today Thin00 of Tomorrow We Pay z00per cent -- on Savings Southern Trust Co. Southern Trust Building aiiiiU OLD PHONE 5498 __- Pastime Cigar and News CLARENCE R. EPSTEIN I00_nmn00lnu P. s,s00o Proprieto! UUl|lp..$ Manager ) CIGARS, TOBACCO and Periodicals = We handle Newspapers from all parts of the United States [] Down Town Ticket Office Majestic Theater Vaudeville 19.9. W. Markham St. - -= ll|lllllllllllll | W. B. WORTHEN, Pres. B. THRUSTOI, Asst. Cashier. GORDON N. PRAY, Cashier. GEORGE G. WORTHEN, ABet. Cashier, CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $380,000 W. B. WORTHEN COMPANY Bankers, Brokers, Real Estate and Fire Insurance Agents LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS THE England National BANK CAPITAL, $100,000.00 J. E. (NGLANO, President C.T. COFFMAN, L-Pres. J. E. EN6LANU, Jr,, Cashier LrrTLE ROCK, ARK. BERNARD HEINZE OONFEOTIONER DELICIOUS PASTRIES Bread, Cakes, Rolls, Creams, Etc. Boh Phones 658 ANNUNCIATION ACADEMY PINE BLUFF, ARK. Conducted by SISTERS OF CHARITY, OF NAZARETH A Day and Boarding School Cawley 6rocery Co. DEALERS IN GROCERIES FEED and FRESH MEATS Old Phone 34 New Phone 314 721 East Broad St., TEXARKANA, ARK. llllllllllIlllllIlllllIlllllllIllllllllllliilllllll : i Your Horse Needs Attention i m = = Poorly made, ill-fit- -= ting harness are not- a good investment- at any price. Your = horse cannot endure - uncomfortable har- = ness any more than - you can a tight, ill- . fitting shoe. Con- _= suit us about harness - combining ho r s e = comfort with beau- = ty, strength and real = harness value. = i Enterprise Harness Co. = _= W.D. THOMAS & SON, Proprietors _-= 217 Louisiana St. LITTLE ROCI, ARK. =-- lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll IIIllllllllllllllllll II IIIIIIIIIIII IIII1', i m m i Your Savinds are Safe - Nobby li Dressers m m m m = i =- _= D = m = i m = = m m m m m Our styles move with the times Get the habit of wearing Kempners' Shoes-- every- one else has. Bargains for all the fami- ily on our second floor Deposited With the Kempner's The Shoe Store Ahead All ears stop in front of our door MERCANTILE TRUST CO. 121 and 123 WEST SECOND ST. = Has Capital of ........................................................ $120,000.00 Has Surplus of ........................................................ 75,000.00 = Has Assets of ........................................................ 950,000.00 = Has Deposit of ........................................................ 750,000.00 = It owns one of the largest and most profitable insurance agoneles in the city. = Has a )arge and well-managcd rental department. --- Has an activ0 and successful real estate jepartment. = Itas eareful and conscrvativo management. = = Has eapablc and cxperionced officers and employes, . --= Its loans are made on Littlo Rock real ostato and high-class eollat- = = eral securities. = _= It will pay you 4 per cent interest on all money deposited in the -- Z ---- savings departmont, and ospocially so)Jells accounts of this eharaetor, _-- ---- H.L. Remme], Pres. Emmet Morris, Treas. -- = IKax Heiman, Vieo Pros. R.W. NcveIl, Asst. See'y. --" W. L. Hemingway, Sec'y. Fred Sehmutz, Trust Oiliest. = _ ----- .IIIIII qr