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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
May 20, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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May 20, 1911

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THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN Vol. I. Little Rock, Arkansas, May 20, 1911 Number 9 eL Editorial Chrbnicle C/. DONAGHEY CALLS "'SESSION EXTRAORDINARY Names Six Special Matters Necessa- ry to Be Taken Up by the Legislature. "Whereas, an extraordinary occa- sion has arisen which renders it nec- essary to do so, I, George W. Don- aghey, governor of the State of Ar- kansas, by virtue of the power aud authority in me vested by the con- stitution of the said State, do, hy this proclamation, call the General Assembly of the State of Ackansas to convene at the seat of government, the statehouse, in the city of Little Rock, at the hour of 12, noon, on Monday, the 22d day of May, A. D., 1911. "And I hereby specify the purposes for which the General Assembly is so convened to be as follows, to-wtt: "To revise the revenue laws of the State so as to provide sufficient rex.- enue to meet the expenses of the State government and distribute the burdens of taxatiou and reduce tax- ation. 'To pass an act to maie effective the coustitutioual amendn:en: provid- ing for the initiative and referendum. "To pass a law abolishitu4 tBe cc, n- vict lease system and provi,lin4 for the proper management and control of the state penitentiary. "To make approprialions to pay balance due the State accountan!s u the rate cases of $2,5oo and tu pay the actual court costs, not attorney's fees, of $12,50o for appealing the rate cases to the Supreme Court of the United States. "To make necessary provisions for transferring the Supreme Court and" State Treasurer's offices to the new capitol. "To make appropriations to main- tain the several departments of the State government and to make appro- priations to maintain the State chari- ty and educational intltutions, so that said appopiratious for the sup- port of the State government and all these institutions may not exceed the available revenue for those pur- poses. "Iu Testimony Whereof, I have hereunto set by hand as governor of the State of Akansas and caused the great seal of said State to be on this, the I3th day of May, A. D. 19"I1. George W. Donaghey, "Governor of Arkansas." KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS ANNUAL STATE MEETING. Ft. Smith. Ark., May I I.--The third annual convention of the Knights of Columbus met iu this city Tuesday afternoon for the purpose of elect- ing officers for the coming year, and selecting the city for tlm I912 con- vention. In the absence of State Deputy E. J. Kerwin, of Pine Bluff, the deliberations were presided over by Edward F. McEvoy, of Little Rock, State Treasurer of the order. A full attendance took part in the deliberations which included review of the year just closing and for ex- tension to new fields the (outing year. Little Rock was selected as the next meting place. The following officers were elect- ed: john H. Vaughn, Fort Smith, dep- uty. Frank Ginnochio, Little Rock, sec- retary. Edward F. McEvoy, Little Rock, reelected treasurer. Charles Ives, Fort Smith, advo- cate. B. J. Dunn, Fort Smith, warden. John H. Vaughn, delegate, Jas. A. Gray, alternate to the national con- ventio to be held in Detriot in Ju- ly. MEXICO.The revolution in Mex- ico ts still very much alive, though the best spirits on both sides show a keen disposition to bring an end to the unfortunate war. General Ma- dero has undergone the expected or- deal of having his authority defied and his life endangered, but came through unscathed and more endear- ed to his true followers as well as to his foreign sympathizers. General Orosco made an attempt in a fit of anger to arrest him and guns were pointed at his breast, but he quailed not. The peace intermediaries are again at work and as we go to press the white wings of peaee are 'spread- ing over our sister republic. The re- mainiug trouble will be to still the wild elements which were called into action by the spirit of revolution and to reestablish law and order. United Confederate Veterans 0f the South 00o,,uo, ,,o.nlon. 0, ,,.y 16-18. 1911 --Hitory of the Confederate OrlanlzatJons and. Reunions ItE CIVIL WAR end- + + + ":" + + + + + ":" ":' ":" ":" + + ":" + + + ":" ":" + + ":" ':' ":" ":" + ed in April, 1865. The + immortal L e e h a d + PRESIDENT TAFT'S MESSAGE TO U, C. V, sheathed his sword + and the "Conquered Bamler," .:. tattered and torn, was furled .:. and laid away as a sacred relic .:. The White House, Washington, of the menlorable past. Over- .:. May z5, zgzz. whehned by the fortunes of + war, the vererans returned to + private life hanlpered by condi- + tions that were undreamt of be- + fore the contest of arms. Men, + unaceustonled to labor, who .:. had formerly lived in refined .:. and luxurian honles, and others .:. things which men hold most dear. As we recognize their whose homes were not so .:. heroic services, so they and their descendants must honor the grand but just as clear to them, .:. struggle for the preservation of the Union. The contending were all now on a level, eager + forces of nearly half a century ago have given place to a for work, but more or less dis- + abled by wounds received in + battle or by diseases contracted + in cantp, hi the face of such + vicissitudes the new life began .:. Little by little the conditions of + To the Confederate veterans who are now assembled in Little Rock, I send heartiest greetings, and express the hope that they will Imve a pleasant and successful reunion. The men of the Confederate army fought for a principle which they believed to be right, and for which they were will- ing to sacrifice their lives, their homesin fact a11 those United North and South, and to an enduring union, in whose responsibilities and glorious destny we equally and grate- fully share. During my visits South it has gratified me greatly to see those who fought for the blue and those who fought for the gray mingle together, worship the old flag, and feel a corn- the veterans became better, otv- ":" mon pride in the deeds of heroism that were displayed in the ing to their own intelligent and ":" Civil War. One of the most pleasant incidents of my visits heroic character, until now, ":" through the South was the evident desire on the part of its sttrrotnlded by sons and daugh- + people to confirm to the world that we are getting closer and ters an(1 cordially welcomed by ":" closer together. the whole citizenship of the ':" I congratulate the South on the wonderful progress which Sonth, Republicans and Demo- + it is now making and on the spirit of civic pride which it is displaying. WILLIAM H. TAFT. fields, Shiloh. Franklin, Vicks- + lmrg, etc., and in several noted ":" cemeterms, as Arlington. hi + every Southern State, in many + cities of each, in parks or cenl- + eteries they have raised tip :" beautiful monuments to keep + green the memories of the be- + loved Confederate soldiers. + Their care of Confederate ":" Homes and aid to indigent Vet- + crane also signalize their untir- :" ing devotion to the :Settthern :, cause. Their association nleets + annually. Mrs. Homer F. :' Sloan is President of the At- + kansas Division, U; D. C. @ United Sons of Confederate .;. Veterans. 4o :" The following sketch is taken + from the "Confederate Veter- + an." August, 1896. At the reg- + ular session of the U. C. V. + held in Riclmlond, Va., July, + 1896, the following resolution + was adopted: ":" "'Resolved, That this session ":' provide at once for tlm forma- + tion of Sons of Confederate + Veterans into a separate nation- + al organization." ':" But before this resolution crats, black and white, they + have forgotten every bitterness ":" of the past and every sectional ':" ":" ":' + feeling, and are happy to clasp the hands of every good man and wonlan and pledge themselves to build up the glo- ries of the New South, now slowly aris- ing above the horizon of a United coun- try. With the return of the "boys in gray" the beautiful principles of camaraderie, which began in army life, stimulated in- dividuals here and there throughout the South to form associations for mutual comfort and pleasure. Such mt organiza- tion appears to have been formed first at New Orleans and was promptly ordered disbanded by General Phil. Sheridan. Re- peated efforts to organize were frustrated by the Federal government. Army of North Virginia. In 1873, a call was made by the veter- ans of New Orleans for a convention to establish an association of Confederate veterans, but the movement was not well managed and it failed, hi 1874, the Con- federate Veterans of New Orleans organ- ized. In September, I875, a permanent organization was effected by the Louisi- ana Division of the Army of Northern Virginm. On May 15, 1876, a charter was secm'ed for the Association and Major E. D. Willett, who had been a chief promoter, was elected the first presiden. Army of Tennessee. On May 8, 1877, at the suggestion of Capt. James Lingan of Austin's Sharp- shooters, 45 survivors met to form an as- sociation. Soon lO 5 names were on the roll. General Jubal A. Early.nmde a stir- ring address at the meeting and General P, G, T. Beauregard was elected the first president. At the annual meeting in 1878, Jefefrson Davis and Joseph E. Johnson were elected honorary members. The work Of these associations was benevolent and renliniscent. Organization of the Cavalry. On February 13, 1888, the first meet- ing was held in New Orleans to establish an organization of the Cavalry of the Con- federate Amty. Miss Winnie Davis, Daughter of the Confederacy, though sur- rounded by six of the most famous South- ern generals, was the centre of attraction at the meeting. United Confederate Veterans. The organization of an association to" be known as the United Confederate Vet- erans chrystalized at this meeting so as to inchtde every nlember of the former Con- federate Army who by virtue of a clean record was entitled to membership. Early in 1889 a call was issued signed by Com- rade Fred S. Washington, Commander of the Army of North Virkinia, as chairman, for a convention at New Orleans on June IO, 1889, to form a general association. At noon that date, delegates met in the Hall of the Army of North Virginia, New Orleans, from Louisiana, Tennessee, Mis- sissippi, attd Virginia. A constiution and by-laws were adopted. General John B. Gordon was elected first Commander and General Clement A. Evans was appointed Adjutant General and Chief of Staff. hi compliment to Capt. Shipp, who had been quarternlaster general under Geueral J. B. Gordou, who perhaps originated the idea, and who had been very actiye in effecting] the organization, Chattanooga, Tenn., his'l home, was selected as the place for the] first General Reunion, whicl5 7was held l there July 3, 4'and 5, 189o. Every year l since then the Veterans have held a gen-] .'..:..:..:..:. ,:..:..,...:..:. ':" had been adopted, the Sons had + ':" ":" ":' ":" ":" ': ':" + + + ":' ":; ":' taken maters into their own eral reunion in some Southern city, at which tile Comnaande;r-in-Chief and De- partnlent Conlmanders!would be elecled to serve one year. The United Confederate Veterans Association has four depart- nlents: Northern Virginia, Tennessee, Trans-Mississippi and ,he Northwest. The Commander of a I)epd'tment bears the ti- tle of Lietttenant Geneta/. There are over 2,ooo camps with a ni:embership of about 75,ooo. Each of the'Southern States is COnlnmnded by a Major General who has under him four Brigadier Generals, all of wllonl are annually elected at the State Reunions. Major Geueral Jas. F. Snlith is the Commander of the rkansas Divi- sioil, U. C. V. United Daughters of the Confederacy. vember, 19oo, is taken the follow5i(1dsbth From "The Confederate Veteran" of November, I9OO, is taken the following: "At a regular meeting of Nashville Cllap- ter No. 1, United Daughers of the Con- federacy, held in the city of Nashville. Tenn., on November 1, 19oo, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted: Whereas, at the Richnlond Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, November, 19oo, Mrs. J. A. Rounsvills, President of the Georgia Division, sug- gested that proof should be taken as to wllo originated the idea of uniting all the or- ganizations of Southern women into one Federation, in order that it might be print- ed in the minutes of the Montgomery Con- vention; and whereas, the Nashville Chap- ter No. i, United Daughters of the Con- federacy, have taken proof, they submit the following evidence, substantiating the fact that Mrs. M. C. Goodlett, of Nash- ville, Tenn., first originated the idea. On March 25, I89o, the ladies of Nashville organized and had chartered the Ladies' Auxiliary to the Confederate Soldiers' Home and Mrs. M: C. Goodlett was elect- ed its Sate President. "On May lO, 1892, at a dinner given by the Ladies' Auxiliary on Summer Street, Nashville, on motion of Mrs. M. C. Good- lett, the name of the Ladies' Auxiliary was changed to Daughters of the Confederacy. In May, I894, Mrs. Goodlett conceived the idea of organizing all associations of Southern women into one body to be known as the Daughters of the Confeder- acy. Mrs. L. H. Raines, of Savannah, Ga., wrote to Mrs. Goodlett endorsing the idea and-asking for a copy of the constitution. The Nashville Council issued a call in- viting all Southern women to meet Sep- tember 9, 1894, at the Frank Cheatham Bivouac, Nashville, for the organization of all Daughers into one Federation. The meeting was held and Mrs. Goodlett and Mrs. Raines, having been appointed a com- mittee to draft a constitution, presented their work which was finally adopted and the following officers were elected for a year: Mrs. M. C. Goodlett, Nashville. President; Mrs. L. H. Raines, SavannML First Vice President; Mrs. J. C. Myers, Texas (succeeded by Mrs. Katie Cabell Currie), Second Vice President; Miss White May, Nashville, Third Vice Presi- dent; Mrs. John P. Hickman, Nashville, Secretary; Mrs. J. N. Lindsey, Nashville, Treasurer." The Dauglaters of the Confederacy lave given special care to the graves of the Con- federate soldiers and have. erected monu- ments to;the aggregate Cost of one hun- dred thousand,dollars on various battle-  hands, and on tim evening of Jtnle 30, 1896, nlet in the Anditorimn of Richmond and arranged for the organiza- tion of a Federation thenlselves. On July 1, I896 , the delegates fronl the Camps of Sons of Confederate Veterans from the various Southern States, who had been called by the R. E. Lee Canlp of Rich- mond, to assenable for the purpose of forming an association, adopted a constitu- tion similar in every respect to the consti- tution governing the United Confederate Veterans and permanently organized the United Sons of Confederate Veterans. The preamble of this consitution reads: "To encourage the preservation of 1.fistory, perpetuate the hallowed nlenlorles of brave men, to assist in the observance of Memorial Day, to aid and support all Confederate Veterans. widows and or- phans and to perpetuate the record of the services of every Southern soldier. These objects we believe will both promote a purer and better private life and enhance our desire to maintain the national honor, union and independence of our conanlon country." The organization of this Association is conlposed of departments, divisions, brig- ades and camps. There is an executive head, and four deparmlents as in the U. C.V. The officers elected at the first convention were: J. E. B. Stuart, of Richnaond, Ge,leral Commander; Robert A. Snlythe, of Charleston, Lieuenant Geu- eral in command of Department of North Virginia; John L. Hardman, of Macon, Ga., Lieutenant General in command of Department of Tennessee; the election of a commander of the Tra,ls-Mississippi De- partment was deferred. Lieutenant Get> eral ()wens is now the comnaanding Gen- eral of the Sons, and Maj. Gen. Hartzog is the Major General in command of the Arkansas Division. According to the con- stitution of the U. S. C. V., the annual reunion of the Sons takes place at the same time and place as that of the U. C. V. Memorial and Other Organizations. The greatest of these organizations is the Memorial Association of Confederate Women, whose origin dates back a few years and whose annual meetings at the Reunions of the U. C. V. have always been a leading feature. The chief work of the organization is historical, watching over the books of Southern history and stinmlating the establishment of Southern schools. The work of the members of the Association is, however, more or less general, though not exceeding in scope what might be expeced fronl the general character of such an organization. Memorial to Women of the Confederacy. Owing to he general impoverishment of the people of the South the veterans could for nlany years only admire the work of tlm Confederate women in erecting monu- ments to the Confederate soldiers, but finally as the times grew prosperous the idea dawned upon the minds of the U. C. V. that the Women of the Confederacy during the terrible four years of the Civil War, performed an heroic part and that their heroism should be perpetuated by at least one grand inonument in the capital city of every Southern State. At first the work met with opposition and the Daugh- ters of the Confederacy actually viewed the nmvetnent with disapproval. They said that they did not want any monu- tnents, that they had glory enough in (Continued on Page 2.) , e.' 1 LOUISIANA CHURCHES. In his desire to comtfly with the building and fire laws, and to pro- vide against any accidents in our pa- rochial schools, charitable institutions and churches, His Grace the Most Reverend Archhishop, decided to ap- ,eal to the Catholic architects and ontractors of New Orleans in order o enlist their kind interest and gen- erous co-operation in this important matter. Accordingly, he invited a number of prominent architects and contractors to meet at his residence on April 2I, and asked them to give him the benefit of their sound judg- ment and advice, as well as the prom. ise of their kind assistance. His Grace was very much gratified at the proutpt and earnest response given to his request, and after a lengthy conference he begged these gentle- men to constitute themselves a com- mission to inspect churches, parochi- al schools and charitable institutions, aud to note carefully in what particu- lar they may not lrleen the require- ments of the building law, and to suggest in their report what, in their own judgment, would be the most prudent nzcasures to be adopted iu order to secure absolute safety of human life in case of accident.-- Morning Star. J ARCHBISHOPS MEET. The Archhishops at their last meet- ing adopted a resolution to found a foreign nnssiouary college in the United States. Our indifference in the missionary field in the past has long been the wonder of Rome and tim dismay of the Catholics of the world. We must undertake the ed- ucation of priests for the dioccses in the Philiplfines and the Sandwach Islands. It is a debt of honor as well as a duty of religmn. NUN RECEIVES DEGREE, The first Nun in the Unted States to receive the doctorate is Sister Ma- ry Antonio of Pittsburg. Cardinal Gihhons, in the name of St. Joseph's Coltegc, Emmitsburg, handed the brilliant lady the sheepskin last week. She' is now "Litcrarum Humaniorum Doctor"--or Doctrix. CARDINAL GIBBONS IS HONORED BY CATHOLICS. Distinguished Prelate Is Guest at Celebration of Fiftieth Anniver- sary of His Ordination. In the manncr ohservcd at Rome. six pages m uniform hearing lighted torches met His Eminenee, Cardinal Gihbons, at the doors of the Catholic Cluh in Nw York City last Wed- uesday night and escorted the distin- guished American prelate to the throne in the grant ballroom, where he was welcomed by a large gather- ing of prominent Catkolics The occasion was the golden jubi- lee of the prelate's ordination to the priesthood and the silver juhflee f his elevation to the cardinalate. A coat-of-arms carved in bassww,d, 5 x4 feet and set in a guides n'ame, was presented to the ctrdinal by priests of the Paulists community The shield was designed by WilHanl Laurel Harris of the Paulist Fathers attd said to be the first of its kind attenlptcd hy an American. It is an elaborate reproduction of the design recently adopted by 'the cardinal as a prince of the church. Archbishop Farley, Supreme Court Justice Victor J. Dowling and Frank S.' Gamlon, presdent of the Club, de- livered welcoming addresses. The remarkable growth of the Catholic church iu America was ont- lined hy Justice Dowling. In 18o8 the church had but two bishops and 69 priests, he said, while today there are 13 archbishops, 97 bishops, I7,- o84 priests, I3,46I churches and a membership of 15,ooo,ooo. SIXTY COUPLES CELE- BRATE GOLDEN WEDDINGS. An interesting ceremony took place at Rheims ou Easter Sunday, Sixty couples, the fiftieth anniversary of whose marriages took place that day, celebrated their golden weddings. The ceremony was a publ/c one, and the Mayor and the Municipality took part in the celebration It opened with Mass in the cathedral, at which Car- dinal Lucon presided His Enlinenee pronounced a congratulatory dis- course at the close of the ceremonies. The sixty couples were then conduct- ed in civic procession to the City Hall, where they were received by the Mayor, luncheon being provided. They were afterwards entertained to dinner. The combined ages of one of the couples was ofie hundred and seventy-eight years.