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Arkansas Catholic
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May 19, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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May 19, 1923

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of NOTE D. Guthrie, of tile New York and active collabor- for Aid to the the Devastated Region opened a very successful a in New York, paid a visit of the Association stay in Paris. of the Committee receive Mr. Guthrie in- Apostolic Nun- Chaptal, Auxiliary both of whom ex- ,' deep gratitude for the Work by the Catholics of New York. the store-iouse of re- ornaments and vest- have been collected to disposal of the clergy regions, Mr. Guthrie of the documents the effort accomplished rendred by the Com- the Marquise d'Ime- He was then tak- chapel in which are ornaments, vestments, been returned by majority of these ob- and soiled that !rnP6ssible to identify them to their legiti- also called at the Arch- and presented his Dubois who con- with the greatest with M. Poincare at the Town Hall of the Municipal was received at by the "Union des Franchises." of Raphoe, is only thirty-five is now the youngest Irish hierarchy. Most was a curate at modern times only have been elevated One of these was of Limerick, Rev. Dr. Byrne, of Dublin. of Raphoe was ed- College, Letter- Irish College, Rome. in 1912. Following was appointed Dean St. Funan's College. apopinted military two years with In 1919 he be- Letterkenny. Three Was ppointed chap- state Army. ,r in the See of Rap.[ she[, O'Donnell, now[ trdiml Logue. Dr.[ Only thirty-two years] appointed Bishop. of Raphoe is a preacher. He is .figure in the O'Colmor, from Liver otice in the House Week the unequal Catholic schools in a motion "that the of imposing upon the the burden of is contrary economm equality, of complete edu- existing in Scotland necessary changes, the House was fully there was no chance parliamen- ' a speech. That is to the grievance is a one, and should it means that al- ,el, when once can claim the State grants; yet must dig down into if they want the ease of a State school, easy. The local edu- decice that a new and straightwty from the Parliament, and purposes out Catholics, like all have to pay the ed- Yet if they want a they have to pay get the necessary a mission in this is a properly train- as the on that learning which Fairfield received last Church by the Canon Theolo- gian of the Westmlmer Archdio-[ cese. She was baptized in the West-[' minister Cathedral. There are some remarkable women in the Catholic body in this country; but this new convert is indeed one of[ the most remarkable women of the I day. Apart from the high academic degrees she olds, such as her doctor- ares at universities in London and Edinburgh, Dr. Fairfield holds the uuique distinction of being at once both a fully qualified Doctor ofaMedi- cine and a fully qualified membdr of the English Bar, to which she was called as a barrister-at-law of dthe Middle Temple last law term 1)r. A. It. Desioges, Director of Asylums of the Province of Quebec, Canada, asserts that he criminal code has taken the place of the Ten Commandments as the stand- ard of conduct for a large proportion of society, and until this condition is reversed the tide of insanity that is rising steadily in the world will not be cured. Insanity, says Dr. Desloges, is in- creasing at an enormous rate. In in- dividual cases, the symptoms are: (1) --A breakdown on the moral stand- ards. (2)--An excessive desire for publicity, such as causes young boys to go in for housebreaking, women for sensational divorces and youths and young girls for marathon dancing contests. (3)--An extreme efferves- cence or insane intensity in all things, which causes the victim to overdo both work and play. National Insanity Among nations, says Dr. Deslogues, there are symptoms of collective in- sanity, such as led the European na- tions to the outbreak of the World War and such as permit the Russian Millions to be dominated by a group of Bolshevists. On the AmericanCon- tinent the dominant symptoms of col- lective insanity are madness for money and an extraordinary vogue of spiritualism, demonism anti all sorts of fakes and frauds masquerading in religious guise. People who scoff at the sublime religious beliefs of their fore-fathers are afraid of black cats and tremble at the thought o haunt- ed houses. Dr. Desloges ascribes the increase in insanity to the World War, to the mounting cost of living and the brehk- ing of faith. Ten Commandments Sufficient "I do not mean by that," he asserts, "the Christian faith, or any other re- ligious faith, but the failure of the capaci to helieve in anything. Peo-] ple have no faith in themselves,- less,] if possible, in their neighbors, and I little or none in any other force. As a [ first move towards restoring sanity, people must be helped back to that power of faith, that capacity for be- lieving in their own power for gopd and their neighbors' will for good, as well as in the ability of Providence, God and the laws of nature, to run the universe satisfactorily without any human intervention or guidance. When we get the Ten Command- ments back to their place as a guid- ing star for respectable men and wo- men, we shall be well on the way to the mental repose which will allow us to recover our nervous health and thus stem the tide which is leading mankind to universal insanity. Want No Fakes or Fads "I am not preaching any religion in saying that. The Ten Command- ments are the basis of the Jewish, Mo- hammedan and Buddhist religions as well as the various se&s of the Chris- tian faith. We want genuine reli- gions, not fakirisms and faddisms. We need sincerity i religion and we need belief in the goodness of things, of nature, of destiny,.of our neighbors and ourselves, and unless .we can get these things there is no hope of stop- ping the headlong downward rush." MSGR. DINEEN, NEW YORK CHANCELLOR. DIES IN ST. VINCENT'S HOSPITAL Nw York, May 14.The Right Rev. Monsignor Joseph P. Dineen, chancellor of the archdiocese of New York, and secretary to Archbishop Hayes, died here last Friday in St. Vineefit's Hospital. Monsignor Dineen was forty years of age and well known throughout the United States. He was born in this city and graduated from St. Francis Xavier's College. Later he studied at St. Joseph's Seminary. He was or- dained fifteen years ago in St. Pat- riek's Cathedral. As secretary to Archbishop Hayes in his capacity of Bishop Ordinary of Army Navy Chaplains, Moneignor Di- neen aceorpanied that prelate on his visitation of army and navy post during the world war. He was ap- pointed chancellor of the archdiocese two years ago. In 1921 Monsignor Dineen came in- to prominence because of his protests against the attempts of Margaret Sanger to hold a birth conffol confer- ence 'in the Town Hall. The surfaces of the soul are a little raw o Monday mornings. --The Sentamentalists THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1923 LETTER ON EUCHRISTIC FAST FROM HOLY OFFICE TO BISHOPS OF WORLD Considers Rardship Imposed on Some PriestsDispensations Have Been Provided for in Case of Heaith and Long Travel. By Monsignor Enrico Pncei (By N C. W. C News Service ) Rome, May 1.--The question of the Eucharistic fast has been under con- sideration by the ecclesiastical author- ities for some years owiug to the fact that the presen day conditions are .o entirely different from those of the Church's earliest days when the reg- ulation of the fast was established. The pious custom of receiving Holy Communion frequently, advocated by MEXICAN OUTLOOK JUST PROMISING (By N. C W C News Service) Washington, May 15.It is the ex- pectation of Washington authorities that the negotiations which will be- else; that causing scandal should be gin in Mexico City next week looking efficaciously avoided and that the to the establishmen of a basis of tee- Holy See should be promptly inform- ognition of Mexico by the United ed of the dispensation conceded. [ States, will show no tangible results ()nly for Advantage of Faithful for several weeks. Some time will be Iinally, be it well understood, that consumed in organizing the confer- this grave dispensation can only be ence and delimiting the field of dis- granted when needed for the advan- cussion. The public will be depend- I tage of the faithful, anti not for the ent, according to arrangements agreed private devotion or convenience of the upon for its formatmn of the prog- [priest. tess of the negotiations, upon the With the approval of His Revered Mexican Foreign Office, which in to tIis late Holiness, Pope Plus X. and Holiness Pope Plus XI, I am happy to be the only source of publicity. All confirmed by Pope Benedict XV,' comnmnicate to you the mode iu the meetings will be secret. which has spread among the faithful which the question has been settled It is now rather generally taken for throughout the world, brought to the so as to render easier and more use- granted that the question of the free- attention of the ecclesiastical authori-, ful your pastoral ministry. With all (lore of religious worship cannot very ties the important problem of sickl[good wishes of prosperity, well be avoided altogether for the and chronic patients having to fast. Rome, from the Holy Office, March rights of American citizens in this re- Also, the increased number of par- ishes and religious communities, and the decreased number of priests in many lands, especially of Europe, ira- .poses upon the clergy the necessity of celebrating more than one Mass on Sunday, often m communities far re- moved frmn each other. Of necessity, the second Mass has to be celebrated at a vry late hour. It was this con- dition which gave first rise to the question an to whether priests should be required to fast prior to celebrat- ing the second aMss. As to Invalids I The question of invalids fasting be- i fore Holy Communion was settled by Pope Plus X in a transitory Decree of 22, 1923. spect are involved in it. It is the one CARDINAL MERRY DEL. VAL. thing for the Mexican govermnent to Secretary confiscate the property of Catholic This letter was sent to all the Bish- churches and to restrict religious ops of the world nd recently made practices; it is another to limit arbi- public, trarily the activities of those foreign missionaries who may undertake "EVANS OF SHOREDITCH," evangelization of Mexico. But the CONVERT WHO BROUGHT two main questions to be discussed PARISH WITH HIM, DIES are the rights of Americans to the subsoil deposits of property acquired (By N. C. W. C. News Service) by them, oil leases, and the damages London, May 4.--One of the most for American owned agricultural remarkable members of the Catholic lands taken over by the government priesthood has just died. This is Fa- by a process that constitutes in effect ther Evans, who to a past generation confiscation. was better known as "Evans of Shore- There in no very conspicuous sign ditch;" for it was as rector of the An- of hopefulness over the outcome of the Holy Office, rendered permanent glican parish of ' " ' St. Mmhael, Shore- by his successor, Benedict XV, who in. ditch, that he first came into promi- Article 858.2 of Canon Law establish- I nence. ed the following rule: "The sick, bed- I The special feature of this parish ridden one month, without hope a f'scemedd- to be its guerilla warfare be- speedy recovery (with the prudent tween the clergy and the Anglican vice of their confessor) can receive[ Holy Communion once or twice a[ week, even if they have taken medi-I cine or a drink." [ Art. 808 of the Canon states: "The i priest may not celebrate if he has not kept the fast from midnight." Bishops Have Power But now the tIoly Office, consider- ing the'hardship which is imposed upon those prie,ts who by reason of Bishop of London. Actually the posi- tion was absurd, for while to all out- ward appearances both clergy and people were Papists without the Pope, they were under the ban of their Bishop, who refused to have anything to do with the Church. Saw Absurdity At last this hopeless position came to an end. Something l mppened, .and thbn Mr. Evans saw the absurdity of the negotiations beybnd tim authorita- tive statement made some time ago that the outlook was "promising." It is evident that the State Department is proceeding with the utmost caution, and it is to be presumed that the American commissioners, acting un- der the instructions of Secretary Hughes, will adopt the same attitude. ORTHODOX CHURCIt PAYS EMPTY IIONOR TO ANGLICAN COMMUNION (By N. C. W C News Service) London, May 4.--Anglicans who are active in promoting some sort of their responsibility of celebrating the whole position, and he found his union between their Church and the Mass in communities remote from I way into the Catholic Church, follow. each other are required to fast for an ed it must be added, by a very con- Orthodox Greek Church, are very much elated at a document that the unreasonable length of time prejudi-lsiderable portion of his congregation. Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem has cial to their health, has provided dis. ] Mr. Evans went on the Continent, sent to the Archbishop of Canterbury. pensation to priests so situated. I ca- I where he made his submission at Flor- " The document in question is a deci- bled the fact that such dispensations ence. His old congregation faced sion of the Orthodox Holy Synod of had been provided for in a circular things out on the spot, so th:xt on a Jerusalem, giving its adhesion to the addressed to Bishops, but to make certain (lay in 1903 the Catholic Bish- Constantinople Synod in recognizing perfectly clear the conditions under lop administered confirmation to a the validity of Anglican orders. which these dispensations are to be class unprecedented in numbers at the The Jerusalem Synod declares that granted, I am here giving the literal nearby Catholic church of St. Mary, in respect to the orders of the clergy text of the circular on the subject ad- Moorfields. of the Anglican Church they are con- dressed by the Holy Ofifce to Bish- Fine Personality sidered by the Orthodox Church "as ops. It was as follows: The convert then studied for the having the same validity which the Papal Secretary's Letqer priesthood in Rome, where he had the orders of the Roman Church hae... Your Lordship well knows with late Msgr. Benson as his fellow stu- It is pointed out by certain writers what diligent care this Apostolic See dent at. San Silvestro. The former that this statement means nothing at has always considered the ecclesiastic Anglican rector owas by no means a all, since the Orthodox do not recog- law of eucharistic fasting, especially concerning priests who have to cele- brate the Holy Sacrifice of Mass. But in order that it should not happen that through the ecclesiastical law by youth when he became a Catholic. His appearance was both distinguished and impressive, and it is said that the guard on duty at the Vatican present- ed arms when he entered the gate- way, under the impression that so dis- which f.everence is shown to the Real il tinguished Body of Christ, prejudice might arise I a personage could be noth- to the Mystic Body of Christ, that is ing less than a prelate As a matter to say, the health of souls, this Su- preme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office considering attentivel the manifold occupations of priesls oh feast days no as to attend to the spir- itual wants of their fold; considering that, owing to scarcity of Clergy, many ecclesiastics are obliged to cele- brate twice the Holy Sacrifice of Mass, and this not unfrequently in far distant parts and difficult of ac- cess, exposed to inclemency of weath- er, or having to encounter other diffi- culties of time and place, decides that in special cases and under determined conditions the said law of fasting may be mitigated by opportune, dispensa- tion. Two Masses Meanwhile, wheneqer eccleciastics, according,to Can. 8062, are obliged to celebrate twice the same day, or to celebrate at a very late hour, and they cannot, either owing to failing health or over-fatigue or any other reason- able cause observe strictly, without great injury, th law of eucharistic fasting, the Ordinaries may have re- course to this Supreme Sacred Con- gregation, exposing minutely all the circumstances. When Allowed The Sacred Congregation will take opportune means, according to the di- versity of cases, either directly grant- ing dispensation, or conceding habit- ual authority to the same Ordinaries, the case i's true and results from'[ when pressing necessity. J In fact, for the more urgent cases, when times does not allow to have re- course to the Holy See, such faculty is from this time granted to Your Lordship, who, under responsibility of conscience, can use it on the following conditions: that liquids can be taken, save inebriating ones, but nbthing of fact he was just an ecclesiastical student. After his ordination Father Evans returned to London, where he worked in a slum district But his health gave Out, and be was transferred to the sea coast town of Brighton, after which he became rector of Tunbridge Wells. nize the validity of any sacraments celebrated outside the Orthodox Church and by non-Orthodox clerics. However, the Archbishop of Canter- bury has written a very nice letter to His Holiness Damianos, and thanked him for saying that Anglican orders have the same validity as Roman or- ders. The Jerusalem Patriarch addresses the Angelican Archbishop as "First Hierarch of all England," which re- minds one that only a few days ago a foreign writer addressed the Arch- bishop of Canterbury as "His Holi- ness [" HOSPITAL DAY MADE SUCCESS BY EFFORTS OF CHICAGO CATHOLICS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Chicago, Ill., May 14.--Catholic Iospitals, and Catholic physicians in Chicago were important agencies in the success of the third annual Na- tional Hospital Day on Saturday, the 103rd anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale. One of the novel features of the Chicago activities, and one in which hundreds of hospitals in the United States and Canada participated was tlhe radio hospital program, broadcast- er by the Chicago Evening American- 1 Westinghouse radio service from sta- t tion KYW, as arranged by Matthew[ O. Foley, executive secretary of the[ National Hospital Day. A chorus of  GERMAN CENTER FOR SPANISH-AMERICAN YOUTH AT COLOGNE \\; (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Cologne, May 8.The Jesuit Fa- thers of the German Province have opened here in Cologne University Center for Spanish-American Youth, the object of which is to enable young men from the Spanish-speaking coun- tries of America to get in touch with the leaders of the Cattiolic social movement in Europe and receive the training which will enable them to carry back to their native countries those methods which have been suc- cessfully tried out in Europe. S. Parkes Cadman, of the Central Congregational church, Brooklyn, strongly advocated participation by Nurse singers, and an address by E.' the United States as a leader in world S. Gilmore, chairman of the hospital  affairs, in an address delivered before ommittee, were features, a gathering at the West Side Y. M. C. Every Catholic hospital in the city l A. During his talk he took oeeas:on had arranged programs for the enter- I to say something about the Ku Klux tainment of their patients, and for the Klan. reception of the visitors, to whom the' "We shall have to kill this growth doors were thrown open. " of bigotry in this countr," he said, ( referring to the Klan, "or it will slay "SLAY' BIGOTRY OR IT  us. There has been a revival of big" WILL KILL AMERICA," I otry since the end of the Civil War. SAYS NOTED MINISTER I When a man has to put on a mask to I carry on any:iuovement he ceases to (By N. C. W. C. News Service) be an Ameriein. He is infamous be- New York, May 10.--The Rev. Dr, yond words." PAGE FIVE BOOKS of INTEREST An interested and cultured audience gathered at the Centennial Club in Nashville, to hear Mr. Glenn W. Frank, Editor of Century, not many weeks ago. The subject of his lecture was "The Approaching Rennaissance of West- ern Civilization." He has a pleasing appearance, a face that in lightened by intelligence, a direct, forcible man- ner in talking, and his subject was one provocative of thought. "A literature of despair," is how he characterized the present day of- ferings that have been coming from the publishers, and the writing, he said, was hased on five fears. First, the biological fear which is apparent in such titles as Stoddard's "The Ris- ing Tide of Color," second the psy- chological fear, reflected in such ti- tles as Gustave Le Ben "The Crowd," and "The Psychology of Revolution;" the economic fear; the administrative fear, anti the spiritual fear. lie pic- tured us as being on the brink, where the slightest jar would send us into a dark age, or a rennaissance Ito was inclined, to the belief that it would be the rennaissanee, and he used as the basis of this belief, not the hope, arising from any spiritual emotion to which the war 'gave rise, when me turned to God momentarily under the impulse of fear. He placed no hope in any perma- ment and salutary effects, coming through the medium of politics. He did feel that relief must come through single leadership; and the leader, to gain the attention of many millions of people at once, wouht have to occupy a position similar to the President of the U. S. or the Premier of England. The leader, he felt, should be a com- bination of an Lrasmus, a Martin Lu- ther, and have a Billy Sunday quali- ty of "putting it over." The leader would have to have a sort of genius, that would enable him to extract the saving thought or two from biology, the most noteworthy contribution of economics of administration, of psy- chology, and these combined with an adherence to the gospel of Christ, so digested, that the thoughts could be translated into easy English for the masses, would be the way in which the rennaissance wouht come. Nature, when the times demand it, can produce such an individual. Sep- arating the man from his politics, he would say Theodore Roosevelt was the type. Whether one accepts all that tie said, or only a part, his lec- ture caused one to think. His ideas of single leadership are far removed from our own, for we can see in single leadership, the person of the Vicar of Christ only; but that the editor of the Century admits of the necessity of single leadership, anti more than that, accedes the fact, that the rennaissance can come only through a spiritual awakening, shows that" he is thinking in the right direction, and along the only, lines that can possibly produce beneficial results. C. _ it ILLINOIS CATHOLIC WOMEN MAY WIN FIGHT FOR EIGHT 'HOUR DAY Chicago, Ill., May l.Aided by Catholic women, working through the numerous Catholic Women's clubs, a bill making it unlawful for an em- ployer to keep a woman or girl at work more than eight hours a day, has been passed by the Illinois Iuse of Representatives. It faces a fight in the Senate. The bill was introduced by Mrs. Lottie Holman O'Neill, of DuPage county, the only woman member of the Illinois assembly, and was fought by the Illinois Manufacturers' Asso- ciation and allied organizations of employers. Mrs. O'Neill was sup- ported in her fight by Representative Thomas J. O'Grady of Chicago ami other Catholics. The bill passed th house by a vote of 89 to 56. The Illinois Manufacturers' AsSo elation, while insisting that in most of the places where women are em- ployed, an eight hour day isdn force, objected to the establishing of the day bp law, on the ground that, if Saturday half holidays were observed it would reduce the week s work and also tte wages of women, and would prevent women from working over- time in emergencies. IRISH COMPANIES, PROSPEROUS, P,Y LARGE DIVIDENDS Dublin, May 8.The Irish Catholic Church Property Insurance Company has proved to be a great success. Last year there was a surplus of $30,000, almost exactly the same sum as in 1921, when a record was reached. Tire directors were able to recom- mend a dividend of 5 per cent "free , : of income tax," which in reality means a dividend of 6 2-3 per cent gross. This result is as good as that exhibited by any of the leading in- dustrial enterprises in the eountry ,