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May 19, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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May 19, 1923

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 PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1923 1 ' k" k ,: GREAT BRITAIN REACHES CRISIS WTH RUSSIA RUSSIA LIKENED TO PAGAN ROME IN ITS PERSECUTONS Ultimatum Directs Attention tO So- viet's Avowed Intention to Destroy Religion--Virtual Ultimatum. (By N. C. W C News Service) Washington, May14.--The peremp- tory note addressed by the British Foreign Office to the Moscow Govern-] ment, calling attention, among other things, to the latter's avowed inten lion to destroy all religion and set up "the image of godlessness" in its place, has evoked general appruval in diplomatic quarters in Washington. The action of tile British government is looked upon as being merely the irst step in what is destined to be- come eventually a movement on the part of all civilized nations to compel the soviet authorities" to assume the international responsibilitiees of gov- ernment or pay the penalty of com- plete isolation or something even more severe. British Believed to be Determined The British note, virtually a ten- day ultimatum with the severance of all relations as an alternative, is not regarded as a mere gesture. The de- spatch of a British warship to Rus- sian waters to protect British sub- Former U. S. Minister Describes Steps by Which Attack on Religion has Advanced. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Baltimore, May 14.--The persecu- tion of Christianity under the Russian Bolshevists has been the most terrible since the days of pagan Rome, accord- ing to Charles R Crane, former min- ister to China, who has been a close student of ' religious affairs in Russia for the past six years. Two Million Victims Mr. Crane, who was a member of the special commission sent to Russia by President Wilson following the Kerensky revolution, asserts ttmt the recent murder of Monsignor Budkie- wicz was instrumental in tearing away a veil of secrecy that has hidden the bloody operations of the Russian Cheka for five years. In that time he estimated that Cheka, the terrorist organization, has done away with 2,- 000,0,0 persons, a great number of them church officials. Acute Censorship The Russian Orthodox Church, ac- cording to Mr. Crane, has suffered the most bitter persecution, but because jects, which is made the main cause lthat church has no followers outside of complaint, is itself confirmation of I Russia and no voice in Russia, little e overnment or nothing has been ,heard b the the determination of th g t " Y ' to put an end to the reckless and in- world concerning its sufferings. The I tolerable disregard by the soviet au-I Bolsheviki news censorship makes it I ar of practma]ly mpossble for news to et thorittes of all ,civilized stand ds , " " "  g I conduct, into Russia or out of it. I Protests Recenf Executions At the time of the first revolu- J The note protests against the treat- hen," stud Mr. Crane, "The Russians / t z took advantage of the o ortumt to ment of British subjects and, he sei - PP " y ure of British vessels, alleges that the get the church back into their own soviet authorities have violated their ,agreement respecting anti-govern- ment propaganda in Persia and In- dia, and refers to the persecution of the Catholic ecclesiastics among whom was Msgr. Budwiewicz of Pet- rograd, who was secretly executed and the disposition of whose body still remains a mystery. The note states that the British government "has re- frained from expressing an opinion ,upon the nature or the validity of the ,charges against these ecclesiastics, conceding that that is a matter upon which they are not called to pro- nounce." But it is followed by the statement that no attempt has been made in Russia itself to deny that the prosecutions and execution are part of a deliberate campaign, the aim of which is to destroy all religion and set up in its place the "image of god- lessness." The two notes, signed by the soviet official Weinstein, in re- sponse to the protest submitted by the British Commissioner in Moscow against the execution of the Catholic prelate, are characterized as "unex- ampled" in the case of governments on friendly terms. Almost Universal Resentment The diplomatic concensus in Wash- ington is that a break between Great Britain and Russia would foreshadow a crisis in the affairs of the soviet government, as the British action would probably set an example for ,other nations. Virtually all of the im- :portant powers and those countries :bordering upon Russia have griev- ances against the soviet/government growing out of the treatment of their nationals or the activities of commu- nist agents in the pay of the Russian government and the barbarity dis- played by the communist authorities in the imIrisonment and execution of the Catholic priests have made the re- sentment against the soviet regime almost universal. United States Holding Aloof The United States government by holding aloof from Moscow and refus- ing to enter into relations of any kind with the government of Lenine and trotzky has avoided complications of the sort which have led up to the British note. But the United States is not entirely out of the picture. At- tention has been called publicly to the fact that the soviet government has been financing propaganda in this country looking to the overthrow of the? government and world revolution. This, it is reported, has lately been discontinued because the communist Coffers are empty, but the movement continues. PRIEST ORDAINED IN 60TH YEAR DIES AT 79 (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, May 4.--The case of a man entering the priesthood after his life's work appeared to be completed is ralled by the death of Father Palmer, a London rector, who has just tied in his 79th year. en FatherPalaer was nearly ::sixty le rtix'ed from his position as a :Government Inspector of Schools. He pplied himseff to Study, going courses pri- was or- hands While social and political af- fairs were in chaos the revolutio|{ in the church proceeded smoothly. Elections of Bishops Held "Word was sent throughout Ru,sia that the organization and administra- tion of the church was to revert to the I form prevalent in the third and fourth centuries. The Rasputin priests and bishops were thrown out into the street. "A new synod composed of 60 bish- ops, priests and laityeach one a thoroughly tested and respected man took charge of church affairs. "Elections were ordered for the church council, or sober, which was to vaUdate all changes. Elected by votes of men and women, delegates came from all over the country--from as far as Vladivostokto sit in council at Moscow August 1, 1917. "Tikhon was elected patriarch and he lived up nobly to his great respon- mbility in the face of the ferocious Bolsheviki: Terrible Persecution "There has not been such a terrible persecution of Christianity since the time of Rome. The churches were plundered right and left in a thor- ough fashion. All the ecclesiastical educational institutions were closed, including the beautiful school of church singing, one of the finest in- stitutions of its kind in the world "The church was tllowed no publi- cation. It was subjected to the most violent attacks on the part of the Bolshevik press and speakers. If members of the church dared to re- spond in any way they were arrested as counter-revolutionaries. If they tried to teach religion to any child un- der 18 years old they were tried on the same charge. Atheism Taught in Schools "In the Bolshevist schools, how- ever, children were not only taught atheism, but were told abominable things about the church and church people. "A regular process that can be call- ed nothing other than torture was ap- plied to officials of the Orthodox Church. Once a month their homes were entered by parties of Bolsheviki. who stormed up and down, making all kinds of threats and performing all kds of brutalities, to intimidate the persons they wished to prefer charges against, and to force them to admit having committed various 'crimes' against the Government. "I can tell part, but not the xorst of the persecutions. Nobody except the persecutors knows all. The most efficient thing the Bolsheviki have accomplished is the establishment of a news censorship that makes it prac- tically impossible for news to get into Russia or out. "I know something, howeverj bf the secret practices of the Cheka. It prob- ably has killed 2,000,000 persons in the last five years. It has vented its malignity especially on the church. Executions Daily Occurrences "The world was shocked and star- tled a few weeks ago when a little of the truth leaked out. Similar trials and executions have been visited upon low and high officials of the Ortho- dox Church as an almost daily occur- enee for the last five. years. "Hundreds of priests ha;re been killed t and many bishops. There were i six metropolitans. Their office is next in importance to that of the patri-lpRNNT[ arch. All were executed--and the Lvs,au outside world knew nothing of it. The Orthodox Church had no means of making its voice tleard. "The Bolsheviki have made per- sistent efforts to discredit the church, but it must not be forgotten that the church they are trying to stamp out today is not the vicious church of the Czarist regime Bishop Being Fooled "They have deluded the Methodists into thinking this is not true, appar- ently. The Methodist bisilop who is now flirting with the Bolstlevik Gov- ernment, cooperating and acquiescing in a manner with the attacks upo]t the Orthodox Church, is being fooled shamefully." Mr. Crane declares tha there is a brighter side to the picture in the fact that many Russians who were misled by the Bolsheviki have come to recognize the vicious character oC the Bolshevist regime and have been flowing back to the church in ever- incre'sing numbers. The intellectual class which left the church beginning in 1850, is returning. The church spirit is growing stronger and strong- er, a fact evidenced by the new p'vlicy of the Bolshevists to take the church into their own hands by the forma- tion of the "Living Church" manned by its own agents CADINAL FAULHABER HONORED IN ST. LOUIS (By N. C. W. C. News Serviee) St. Louis, Me., May 10.--His Emi- nence Michael Cardinal Von Faulha- ber, Arcbbishop of Munich, left this morning for Conception, Me., accom- panied by Rt. Rev. Abbot Peter Rug- gle of the Benedictine Monastery there. The Cardinal arrived in St. Louis Tuesday evening from Cleve- land and went to the Archbishop's residence. Wednesday morning he called upon Mayor Kiel at the City Hall and met the grand jury that was holding a session. At the St. Louis University he was given a reception at 10 a. m., Wednesday, when the Rev. W. F. Robison, S. J., president of the institution, made an address of welcome. His Eminence was accom- panied by Archbishop Glennon and a committee of which Col. James W. Byrnes was chairman. At 1 p. m. Wednesday about 600 men and women attended a luncheon in the Cardinal's honor at Hotel Statler. Addresses were made by Archbishop Glennon, President W. J. G. Neun of the Board of Aldermen, Judge O'Neill Ryan and by the guest. No Political Purpose Cardinal yon Faulhaber in his ad- dress and in all interveiws stated he had not come for any,political pur- pose, nor had he been sent by any- one; he had come, of his own volition to express to the people of this coun- try the gratitude of the German peo- ple for what has been done to help them in overcoming the consequences of the war. Religion Matter for Statesmen Mr. Nagel greeted the Cardinal as a messenger of;peace, an ambas- sador who came from the suffering chihiren, who must be saved. But, he said, not alone the children, but the women, the men, the nation must be saved, if the whole scheme of civili- zation is not to be destroyed. After four years of politicians trying for peace, we have  right to ask wheth- er religion should not be accepted by statesmen, as well 'as by men and wo- men in private life. We cannot look at the ragged condition on the other side with any hope, unless the princi- ples of religion are invoked, not to control states, but to inspire those who rule states and make treaties and laws. Receives Purse On Wednesday afternoon Cardinal yon Faulhaber paid a visit to the con- vent of the Notre Dame order in South St. Louis, whose motherhouse is at Munich, and of which he is the Cardinal Protector. He was given a purse at St. Anthony's church and called at a number of other parish churches and educational institutions. At his departure he announced that he expected soon to visit Milwaukee and Chicago. FREE STATE TO ISSUE SAVINGS CERTIFICATES Dublin, May 9.The Catholic peas. antry in Ireland are, as a rule, most thrifty. All they can do with their savings, however, is to deposit them in the banks. The interest allowed on th money is at a meagre rate. Deposits in Irish banks amount to $1,050,000,000. It is announced that the Free State government is about to issue savings certificates on the principle adopted by the British government. According to this plan the person who invests something less than four dollars to- day will, five yeirs hence be entitled to draw five dollars. This mode of investment should be an encourage- ment to thrift. 'EXECUTION DETAILS BUT UNUSUAL OF RUSSIAN PRELATE Visit of King George to Vatican Draws Favorable Editorial Com- ment from "New York Times." " KING GEORGE AND THE POPE The visit of King George to the Vatican last Wednesday, wlile not en- tirely unprecedented, was unusual. It does not fall precisely into the cate- gory of other non-Catholic rulers who in recent years have paid their re- spects to the Sovereign Pontiff. Al- though by law the head of an estab- lished national Protestant Church, the King hears a Roman Catholic title, "Fidei Defensor," which has been borne by all English monarchs ever since Leo X. gave it to Henry VIII. in 1521. That was, of course, before the apostasy of Henry. He had written a pamphlet against Luther, "Assertio, septem sacramentorum," and receiv- ed the title as a reward. Edward VII. The first "Defender of the Faith" to visit a Pope was Edward VII., who called on Leo XIII. in 1908. As Prince of Wales he had already been to the Vatican twice, once to see Plus IX. in 1859, and again the same Pontiff twelve years later. Before the visit of King Edward, no English sover- eign had been received by te Holy Father since Canute attencled Pope Johannes XIX. in 1027, and he was more Danish than English. Prior to 1870 the visits of Catholic rulers to Rome and its Pope were fre- quent but then theywere inhibited, be cause they would have been obliged tto ignore the "usurping sovereign" at the Quirian or do as President Lou- bet did, ignore the Pope. The late Pope provisionally removed this ban Jn 1921, and afterward the King and Queen of the Belgians, Prince Albert I. of Monaco and the President of Brazil visited both the Quirinal and the Vatican. Non-Catholic Rulers As to non-Catholic rulers, the most conspicuous visits have been the two made by the former German Emperor, ]'resident Wilson and the King of I)enmark. The present Prince of Wales also visited Benedict XV. in May, 1918. Diplomatic Relations English diplomatic relations with the Vatican were resumed in Decem- ber, 1914, when Sir Henry Howard was sent there to aid the Belgian Min- ister as a counter-irritant to the en- voys of the Catholic German States and Austria. After the break of 1905 France did no resume diplomatic re- lations until 1921, and not upon an ac- cepted basis until 1923. Howard was succeeded by the Count De Salis in 1916, and this year he gave way to Thee Russell, the son of Lord Ode Russell. The latter was Queen Vic- toria's representative at Rome when Paris, May 4.--A letter from Hel- singfors to the Russian paper "Pos- liednia Novosti," which is published in Paris, has brought additional details concerning the death of Msgr. Bud- kiewicz. When the iniquitous sentence of death had been announced to him, the prelate was dragged into one of the underground cells of the Political Di- rection (former Cheka) and turned over to the Bolshevist Commandant Zlotin. IIe was notified that the exe- cution would be held at three o'clock in the morning. Refused Confession Msgr. Budkiewicz asked permission to make his confession to one of the priests belonging to tim Roman Church. Commandant Zlotin for- warded this request to the Political Scction where he was tohi that no person from the outside would be per- mitted to have access to the prisoner. The prelate, whose admirable calm never left him, then nmde this further request: "Authorize me to write a last letter to the Holy See and to draw up my last will and testament leaving all that I possess to the Rus- sian Catholics who are suffering from famine." Wrote Under Dictation Permission to write was given him, and he was led into the room of the Commandant where he'was told that he might write to the Vatican, but under the dictation of a member of the Political Diection named Evdo- kimoff. Msgr. Budkiewicz refused. Again he was dragged back into the dark underground cells. An hour passed. Then the Commandant came to him and said: "Comrade Evdokimoff will permit you to write your letter. You must come up again." For the last time the prelate enter- ed the corridor. But he was led to his death. A group of men from the Che- ka met him and dragged him into an- other cell where Commandant Zlotin himself undertook to execute the death sentence. Tireb revolver shots rang out, and Msgr. Budkiewicz fell at the feet of his executioner. "Faithful to Holy See" The last words spoken to Evdoki- moff by the heroic victim were: "Pre- ent my homage to Msgr. Cieplak and tell him that I have remained faithful to the Holy See to the very end." DIVINE WORD SOCIETY RECEIVES ADDITIONS Techy, Ill., May 14.--Four candi- dates for first vows and fourteen postulants entering the novitiate of 'the Society of the Divine Word as- sumed their obligations at St. Mary's Mission House in the first week of May. Two of the Brothers took second vows and one took third vows. This makes the number of aspirants 14, of postulants 8, of novices 28. METHODISTS WITH DAILY ON HOLY (By N. C. W C. Fort Worth, Texas, May vicious attacks against and integrity of the and the fundamentals of the being made dail in ec stitution of the church, South, was the charge hurled at the nomination Tuesday E. Hawkins, Jr., a ist, when he spoke World Conference on damentals at the First Students Testify Hawkins presented a witnesses, mostly Methodist schools in Texas, stantiate his claim of cational circles, The college of bishoPS ecclesiastical leaders of nation, as well as a whole, ere scored for permitting this to exist. He the bishops, presiding er officials, as well as laymen, knew of existed and hurled a them to "clean the sus Christ." Baptist Broadside The sessions for the ened by Dr. T. T. Evangelist of Blue lIoun who fired a broadside cational system of anY permit a system of ed to rob a child of its Almighty God and the His written word." M.A. Special New york Insurance 801-7 Southern Fix Up That Life Today"I Sell It." phone 7446 Little SALE-ARMY We have just stock of ARMY to be sold to PRICE $2.75. per cent solid double soles uppers are of leather with making them shoes are sol advise you to insure your order The sizes are 6 Pay Postman on re send money if shoes are THE U. S. 1441 Broadway, New her son first saw Plus IX. in 1859. Vatican Acknowledged Power Rightly or wrongly, the Allies )elieved that if they had possess- ed stronger representation at the Vat- ican during the World War their case would have been better presented to the religious worht. At least, the Peace Note of Benedict XV., Aug. 1, 1917, would have read differently and there would have been no von Gerlach scandal with treason and the blowing up of an Italian battleship. And after the World War there was the prob- lem of Ireland, to help solve which Pope Pins XI., at the instance of Mr. Russell, recently dispatched a special envoy to the intransigent Irish cler- gY. Not to Be Ignored Experience has shown that the Vat- ican exercises considerable political influence, not to be ignored even by a Protestant sovereign whose Catholic subjects are among the most loyal to him. ] - CAPITAL KLAN'S INVASION OF COLUMBUS A FIZZLE Columbus, May 9.--The much her- alded descent of the Ku tiux Klan on Columbus was a fine fizzle. Boasts were made that thousands would at- tend from alI over the state, but af- ter the crowds had waited for over two hours beyond the scheduled start- ing time of the parade, about six hun- dred masked and robed figures passed -- hurriedly down the main street of the city and then started for the place of initiation. But not the place origi-, nally intended--due to a court injunc- tion. According to the secretary of the Driving Park where the ceremonies were to have been held, some one had gained permission to use the grounds ostensibly to hold a railroad men's meeting. But when it was found that it Was the Ku Klux Klan that wanted the grounds, the permission was quickly evoked and to make sure of it, an injunction was secured pre- venting entry into the Driving Park. When the sheriff tried to get some- one on whom to serve the legal no- tice, he could find no one in authority. -- $3OO,OO0.0O SURPLUS-- $60,000.00 We, have tncread our Capita] Stock fl'om $200,000 to $300,000 and by lling the nw iHue o  at $0 per cent above our par, our Nrpl has been increl from' $40,000 te $60,000. This enables us to ta] still bettor cars of our praset ers as well as the new emm. ENGLAND NATIONAL BANK By emr methoc at quickly mntant, edl mad stationmater a position ]Write tod .for oeme desired. Bankers Trust Co. 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