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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
May 15, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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May 15, 1942

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THE GUARDIAN, MAY 15, 1942 , PAGE FIVE i I i j il i ii I I I ii I HIll i ii ill I II I I 00adagascar, Newest Theater of War, Has Long Mission History of Catholicity uP SERVICE MORA00-WI00 N. (2. C.. S, and Noted The Society for of the Faith. ! with its strategic conflict, is a  including within square miles--an area large as the state of tropical jungles, high :has, lofty plateau and Its mission history marked by contrasts: periods of persecution, and expansion, which culminated in an un- : increase in the num- lolics. m era of exploration Das was forced in one of the bays which he named of the Saint it was found• Port- followed this : their work was not the at- followed field. when the French So- Orient took possession Madagascar, naming the newly-found- on of the Missions, Y St. Vincent de Paul, work of evangeli- the ignorance of the difficulties of the the widespread belief would have suc- many converts mt the rulers bitterly! s0-called interference .After 24 years' labor, during were martyred together with 10 died, the Mission in 1674• and Disappointments return of Catholic in the 19th Century ctive mission effort on the Protestants, who, ample funds from schools and churches throughout l the island• The situation would have been more promising had anti-clericalism not been rife in France at the time that Madagas- car passed under French control• Finally in 1855 one of the Jesuits, Father Finaz, who had been work- ing on the adjacent islands of Mayotte and Nossi Be, was able to enter the capital of Tananarive in disguise, without arousing sus- picion. He gained access to the court and was able to instruct secretly some of the natives, in- eluding the son of Queen Rana- valona. Father Finaz was joined by other members of his community, but eventually the Queen became sus- picious and ordered the missionar- ies expelled. When her son, Rada- ma II, ascended the throne the banished priests returned, accom- panied by some Sisters, and the first public Mass was celebrated in the Church (now the Cathe- dral) of the Immaculate Con- ception. The future looked bright for the Church until in 1868, when the Queen and her Prime Minister embraced Protestantism, which be- came the state religion• It was not until 1895, after the war between the Malagash and the French ended victoriously for the latter, that the Church was able to begin her expansion program in earnest. During that 47 year period her growth has been phe- nomenal. Despite the lack of per- sonnel and funds consequent upon the. first World War, the anti-! clericalism which still persisted in parts of the island, the difficulties of transportation to the remotely distant centers and the hardships imposed upon the missionaries by the trying climate, there are over 650,000 Catholics out of a total High-spirited morale is a vital factor today in the making of America's armed might. One of the foremost morale-buitders for the men in the services is the National Catholic Community Serv- ice, member agency of the USO. These pictures graphically illus- trate why the NCCS is known as "Our Defenders' Host From Coast-to-Coast." Shown at NCCS-operated USO clubs, left to right of the mission field extending from Diego Suarez to southeasterly Fort Dauphin. They include the Pre- fecture of Ambanja on Mayotte and Nossi Be, the Vicariates of Antsirable and Morondava en- trusted to the care of French La Salettes, with 3 American mem- bers; the Vicariates of Fianarant- 'sos and Tananarive, entrusted to Jesuits of the French Provinces, Fort Dauphin ministered to by the Vincentians, Diego Suarez and Ma- junga by the Holy Ghost Fathers, and Tamatave by the Priests of' the Company of Mary. The Vicariate of Miarinarivo is cared for by the native secular clergy under the direction of His Excellency, Most Roy• Ignatius. Ramarosandratana, native Malagashy Bishop, conse- crated by His Holifless, Pope Plus XII, on October 29th, 1939. There are about 200 foreign and 40 native priests, 110 foreign and 80 native Brothers with 250 foreign and' 150 native Sisters. a bride and groom cut their wedding cake at a party arranged for them at the Hempstead, Long Island, club; a soldier and a sailor match appetites in a pie-eating contest at the New I don. Conn.. club; Indian relics intrigue soldiers at a hobby dis- play at the Falmouth, Mass.. club; and Colored soldiers form a fra- ternity of theix own at their Fayettevitle, N. C., club. (N.C.W.C.) Circulation of U. S. Catholic Press Has Risen to 9,125,655, Directory Shows New York, (E)--The circulation 160 pages, and is in pocket format, in 1928 it was 291; in 1932 it was of American Catholic press is It gives a listing of the Catholic 310, and in 1942 it is 332. : 9,125,655 today, and this represents press by States, with pertinent The present directory lists 7 an increase of nearly 2,000,000 data, including circulations. Catholic dailies, whereas ten years over the last years. Not only the healthy growth in At the same time, the number of the last ten years is indicated, but publications of the Catholic press a reference to previous directories in this country has grown by 68 brings out the steady progress in in the last ten years, and is now number of publications and in cir- 332.. culations. These facts are revealed in the Thus, the first directory, issued 1942 CathDlic Press Directory, just in 1925, lists, in round numbers, a issued• :The publication is corn- total circulation of 6,400,000; the piled by Joseph H. Meier, of 1928 directory 6,900,000; the 1932 Chicago, veteran compiler of Cath- directory 7,300,000, and the 1942 olic press figures in this country compilation shows 9,100,000. almost twenty years. The new directory was published At the same time, the growth population of 3,797,936. 4,000 Catechists There are ten ecclesiastical di- visions in this outlying district One of the greatest aids to the for Mr. Meier by Joseph F. Wag- of publications is indicated by list- 4. Bi-annuals were 1 in 1932, and .. progress of the Church in Mad- nor, Inc., of New York. It includes ins as followsi in 1925 it was 264; 1 in 1942.  Jl[--:9-  ........... q[e''"-w-Alagascarhasbcenthehetprendered lyFath [Dlli[D'$Lop by the large and excellently-" / " HO er -r Providence 42111-TFYI"T l[ "31[)TTTIYI  Ivr*| "[J]: | i |-b12b I trained staffs of close to' 4,000 ",J&A.$ t/wA:bt.ta, td, al''(a'w'4'','''lcatechists. They instruct the Cat- S ': /0 dality . -- .... =' , . _ _ t echumens, lead the regular devot-Receives New o ttrse A.m , . n00 00 Which Invest-ions, prepare their compatriots for [.A.wa[d erak ur ea . ",7, ._ the reception of the Sacraments Bolivian Envoy /afhnlir[MakesReport , u, Will Melp ueIray 'me wos oI /ram- and are ready at all times to ex- t,it! I%W||,[ T anaO Lady's Sodality tho plain the truths of Catholicism to Vatican City, (E)--His Holiness PrL e Pope Plus xII, in a private aud- , ]of P v•dence Ac demy had a most :llg A. Young Man For The s od,. interested natives. For the suc- fence this morning, received Bailon | .... I active year, both spiritually and 00*0W, Are Listed The Burses, So Far 00eceiv- cess of their work they need care- HiDiplUHldb ]materially. On December 8, 16 ful intellectual and moral train- Mercado, new Ambassador of ed, at St. John's Home Missions Seminary, ing, and, since this is their only Bolivia to the Holy See. new members were received into In a brief address, delivered in the sodality. This reception was occupation, they must be given Spanish, Senor Mercado expressed Little Rock--The 32nd annual followed'by areakfast for all the 00oth Complete and Incomplete. enough salary to support them- filial homage t the Sovereign commencement of Little Rock Col- sodalists. COMPLETE'BURSES selves and their families. Pontiff and asked the Support of Besides sponsor.lng many activi- It must be admitted that the His Holiness in the fulfillment of ties such as---a Carnival, a box the new diplomatic task assigned him .by the President of Bolivia. The new envoy also implored the Apostolic Blessing for Catholic Bolivia and her rulers. The Holy Father, responding to these utterances thanked Senor Mercado for such noble sentiments, his unceasing benevo. and expressed, his paternal wishes fox-the success of the Ambassador's mission, heartily granting the blessings requested by the Envoy. After the official audience, the Holy Father and the Ambassador engaged in a private conversation for a quarter of an .hour. Senor Mereado then visited His Em- inence Luigi Cardinal Magllene, Papal Secretary of State, and fol- lowing this call went to the Vati- can.Basilica, where .he prayed at the Tomb of St. Peter. In the afternoon, Cardinal Mag- 'lione visited Ambassador Mereado l at the Grand Hotel in Rome, where the Bolivian envoy is staying pend- ing the preparation of his apart- ments in Vatican City. 90 Per Cent of Rio's Pupils Want Religious Training Rio De Janeiro, (DOf the 114, 678 children of the first grades, divided between the 232 public schools here, 103.152, or 90 per cent asked for Catholic religious instruction in 1941. This was made possible, after 50 years, by a recent law which now permits the teaching of re- ligion once a week in the school schedule. The chief difficulty at present is the lack of teachers to instruct such a large number. Of the pub- lic school teachers, 68 per cent declared themselves Catholics, and of these, 61 per cent offered to teach religion•in their respective schools. But mapy o these, and of those who volunteer to teach, have not had' proper prepara-" tion. To remedy this, Catholic Action here is organizing a course of Catholic studies. It is your care or negligence in reciting that Rosary which special- ly serves as a thermometer to indi- cate the life of your soul. Hegarty Drug Company legs and tht 12th anriual com- mencement of Little Rock Catholic High School will be held at  St. Andrew's HalL 9th and Louisiana Streets, May 29th, at 8:15 P.. M. His Excellency, Bishop Morris, will preside and award the diplomas and confer the degrees. The Rev. James Nugent of St. John's. Seminary will deliver the address to the graduates. The names of the honor students, the graduates and the student speakers will appear in next week's GUARDIAN. Pontifical Seminary In Spain, Marks Jubilee Marseille, (E)  The Camillas Pontifical Seminary near Santan- der, Spain, is observing its golden ubilee this year. : During the 50 years of its exist- ]ence, it has given to the Church one Cardinal, nine Bishops, 898 doctors of theology and 1,352 grad- uates in canon law. The seminary, which His Holi- ness Pope Pius XII has designated as "a seat of priestly science and ago there were 9. There was only one Englishrlanguage Catholic daily in the country in 1932, and it continues today: Ten years ago there was one publication issued thrice a week; no Catholic paper is presently listed thus. Semi- weeklies were 3 in 1932, and are 9 today• Weeklies were 113, and now are 125. Monthlies were 131 and are 127. Bi-month- presentlYan d lies were 13, are presently 15. Quarterlies were 31, and are now 44. Annuals were 2 and now are I throughout the year. Miss Helen Fritchie, 2nd. Vice President and Youth Chairman of the Catholic Women's Union spol on the work" and activity of 'the National Catholic Rural Life Con- ference of which Msgr. L. G. Liguitti with offices at Des Moines, Iowa is National Secretary. Carl Meurer state president of the Catholic Union made a report on the results of a resolution passed by the Northwestern and Central District leagues at their January meetings, favoring the continuance of the Farm Security Administra- tion. ";•. The Young Men's' Public Speak ing Contest, sponsored • by th Catholic Union,' was :conducted with Peter Hiegel acting as chair- man. Two young men were con- supper, and a city-wide shamrock sale, the Sodality participated in a spiritual bouquet for our Holy Father, the Pope, made a cash donation to the seminary burse, and helped in Red Cross work. The most unique project the Sodality has thus far undertaken is Perpetual Adoration during school h9urs for Peace and Victory. Each sodalist sacrifices some por- tion of his or her study 'periods every day to pray before Our Eucharistic Lord. We are happy to state that we have made it possible for many camps to receive Catholic maga- zines for their soldiers. Among the subscriptions sent in are: The Extension Magazine to Randolph Field, San Antonio, the Catholic Digest to Camp Polk, Louisiana, and to our local Red' Cross Chap- ter, and the Messenger of the Sacred Heart, An annual event, the Crowning of the Blessed Virgin, took place on Mother's Day. On this day, too, the" sodalists remembered their earthly mothers especially in prayer and Holy Communion. Catholic Union of Arkansas at. Rev. Msgr. H. H. Wernke, Little Rock, Spiritual Director Carl J• Mcurer, Lttle Rock, President Bruno Llenhart, Morrilton Secretary-Treasurer Juo• M. Wlllems, Subiaco, First Vice President George Stlemel, Pocaho,atas, Second Vice President Peter P. Hiegel, Conway, Third Vies President The Central District league held its regular quarterly meeting on Sunday, April 26, at Morrilton, with the Sacred Heart Parish as host. The Rev• Charles Wolffer C. S. Sp., gave Benediction of The Bless- ed Sacrament in the Church at 2:30 P. M. the parish choir render- ing the Benediction hymns in a very beautiful and elevating man- nor. Peter Hiegel, president of tl¢ district opened the joint session of men's and women's section promptly at 3:00 P. M. in the school auditorium. Several hundred dele- gates from all affiliated societies were in attendance. The Rev. Anthony Lachowsky, C. S. Sp., of Conway led the open- ing prayer, which was followed with the address of welcome by Father Wolffer, pastor of Sacred Heart Church. at. Rev. Paul M. Nahlen, O.S.B., Abbot of New Su, biaco, was present on the stage; and addressed the assembly with a short and very appropriate mes- sage. He congratulated the Union for the holding of its district league meetings at regular inter- vals, stressing the fact that these meetings, accounted for the con- tinued work of its membership and[ kept the interest of all alive sanctity," was founded January =:,, testants and delivered their ad- 7, 1892, b the Marquis de Camil Amon o • y ..... •'. g y u all, who, is the dresses in a very praiseworthy ,as At the sugesuon o ope ,.eo ha est • " .... ] pp" and the most useful• Is manner Peter Simon of Conwa XIII, Jesmts were placect m char e it not • _  [ the soul which is most was awarded first prize with Fran of it Priests from all over pam]united to God  ' ' See UNION'on -'e 8 and "many from Latin America ! "  '-" have been edheated there. I 1  ,,m,,,,,,,,,u ----, Sow joy in sos,  you wish I F.H. KUIPER, Jeweler to see ¢irtues grow. 206 West Capitol .... Phone 2-4724 Littl.e Rock, Ark. Campbell, Mallory & Throgmorton INSURANCE OF ALL KINDS Aetna Flo0r Wallace Bldg. Phone 4-023 II II I I  DIAMONDS, 'JEWELRY, WATCHES, CLOCKS, POTTERY NOVELTIES AND GIFTWARE We repair all kinds of plain and complicated wtehes, clocks, ad Jewelry. Mail orders solicited. All work guaranteed, llees moderate. For 25 years head watchmaker of argest local jewelry store. CHARLF M. TAYLOR C. H. RICHTER , i , H Taylor & Richter Incorporated All Line, of Insurance Except Life Phone 4-1631 II II I I r e Honor of Bishop Byrne ........................... ia $5,000.00 .d Mrs. Joseph Enderlin yrse (Conwav . .............. 5,000.00 eY 'I" ................................................ N $°achim F. Galloni Burse ." akeVillag.e) ........................................................................ 5,000.00 Orial Burse No. I .......................................................... 5,000.00 ':aOrial Burse No. 2 .......................................................... 5,000.00 Ights of Columbus Burst ......................................... 5,000.00 signor James P. Moran Burse ....................... 5,000.00 [.n Honor of Bishop Morris .............................. 5,00,0.00 ['h ' Burse (In Honor of St. John e Baptist) ....................... .: ..................... .. ........................ 5,000.00 ,a.ry's Parish Burse, Hot Springs ............ 5,000.00  ie. a Honor of St. Anthony of Padua ............. 5,000.00 nSlgnor Thomas V. Tobin Burse ....................... 5,000.00 tatls Received from a Special Estate (To Date) $20,329.12 t' INCOMPLETE BURSES Nens BY Persons Requesting That "-es Be Withheld ... : .................. $10,619.45 Alumni Burse " (In Honor of the Blessed Trinity) Previously reported .... a .......... $ 917.29 Catholic Daughters of Amerlca. Burse Previously reported . $ I, 148.30 February 7th, 1942 ............... I 1 !.00 Total $ 1,259.30 ' Burae in Honor of Bishop Fitzgerald Previously reported .............. $ 2,815.83 January 29, 1942, Bishop Morris .... 5U0.00 Total $ 3,315.83 BUrse in Honor of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Previously reported ............... $ 2,813.94 The Oloph Guild ............. 500.00 February { 8, Memory Mrs. John W. Snyder .... 100.00 February 28, Rita Willett ....... 15.00 ]Est. Mr. und Mrs. Geo. Hart, Sr ..... 50.00 . . Total $ 3,478.94 St. Edward's Parish Burse, Texarkana Previously reported .. .... .......$ 3,010.40 : January 27 ............ . .. , .... 132.00 February 5, in Thanksgiving 25.00 February 28, Mrs. Elmer C. Patkowski 10.00 Murch 4, Mr,. and Mrs. W. k'.'/v'iif l O.OO Total $ 3,187.40 'h . : "- - • add00tmns are encouraging. Three of 0000complete burses are now beyond $3,- 'J). • 9 , ,_ ..The ramd =rowth of the St. Edward s - • • ' .h Burse, Texarkana, indicates an early 'hi, lotion. Who will give the next burse2 natives of Madagascar are tena- ciously attached to their traditions and supertiti0rs, but olace they h a v e wholeheartedly accepted Catholicity they are faithful and devout. . Twelve Maryknoll Missioners Are Jap Prisoners • Washington, (E)--Eleven Mary- knoll priests and one Brother are interned in Japan and one Mary- knoll priest and three Sisters are free, according to information re- leased by the State Department. The interned Maryknoll mission- aries are: Fathers Thomas A. Befry: of Roxbury, Mass.; Everett F. Briggs, of Allston, Mass:, Alfred W. Hard- ing, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Edward A. Koechal, Of Water Mill, N. Y.; William M. Mackesy, of Lynn, Mass.; Ernest E. Mailhot, of New Bedford, Mass; Arthur J. Merfeld, of Dougherty Is•; John E. Morris, of Fall River, Mas.; William F. Murphy, of Syracuge, N. Y.; Mich- ael J. McKillop, of Brooklyn, N. Y.; i Clarence J. Witte, of Richmond, Ind., and Brother Clement (Ber- nard N. Hansan), of St. Kans. The American Maryknollers free in Japan are: the Roy. Patrick J. Byrne, of Washington, D. C, Superior of the Maryknoll Fathers in Japan; Sister Mary Dolorita Heaney of Brooklyn, N. Y.; Sister Mary Camilla Chad'wick, R. N., of Concord, N. H., and Sister Mary Gemma Shea, of Melrose, Mass. A fourth Maryknoll nun in Japan, Sister Rose Ann Nakata, a Japanese citizen is likewise free to carry on her work. Nun Awarded Bureau Of Miners First-Aid Certificate Shreveport, La., (E)--Sister M. Francis Stapleton, of the Sisters of the Incarnate Word, who is Di- rector of the School of Nursing of the T. E. Schumpert Memorial Sanitarium, is thought to be the first religious in the United States to be awarded a Bureau of Minds first-aid 'teacher's certificate. Three other members of the community stationed here--Sisters M. MiriamMcCarthy, M. Eusibeus Britt and M. Fidelma Donovan have qualified for certificates. IH I H HANOVER SPECIAL! 5 Plain SI Cash& Dresses Carry Expert Knit-Wear Blocking And Dyeing 3 Mens $1 Cash& Suits Carry 700 W. Markham Ph. 2-9908 i i MORRISON HAT'IR HATS IMN'S CLEANED AND BLOCKED 523 Main St. Ph. 996 4th and Main Sts. Phone 9111 Little Rock, Ark. METRAILER AND .HART Leaders in Better • SHOE REPAIRING And • SHOE MAKING at moderate prices SINCE '1899 ShOp No. I Phone 925 110 E, 4th St. Shop No. Phone 4-0716 12, & Main