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May 14, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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May 14, 1943

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PAGE EIGHT THE GUARDIAN, MAY 14, 1943 , Vatican Bureau Gives U.S. I:.. --. 1NCWC Administrative Board ,-,,VUy [Opposes Compulsory Work Draft, Hames Of Americans In Japan Wou00d Impede War Effort Vatican City. 0DWhile keep- ing up its regular cabled com- munications with the Apostolic Delegation in Washington, D. C., which provides information re- garding American soldiers held prisoners of war in Italy, the Vati- can Office of Information is now providing to the Charge d'Affaires of the United States at the Vati- can lists of American soldiers "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from page 1) At lZrosent there is a bill before the Congress whlelh If passed, will give the Office of Education a large sum of money to aller the curricula of the high schools to suit the war program. Tiffs al- teration will consist of a pre- lnducton course. The accent will be on the sciences as they pertain to war. It is very plain that this program means to stifle the cultural subjects. It will dull the appreciation o the finer things in life, the very civilization that our country is fighting to maintain. These scientific skills are very useful in the right hands, but very destructive in the hands of those who have no edueatlonal background to value anything but the useful. A thing must be something more than useful to be good. This program is exactly the one that has been In use in Japan Germany.  sort Of edu- cation turns out moronic teclmlc- laus. In two generations the un- cOntrolled scientific education has made the Axis nations a serious threat to the civilization that has been built up for centurie The tactics of Axis powers have been devoid of human decency and have earned the contempt of an outraged world. We must pro- teet our high school boys and girls from the predatory aims of those who wish to deprive them of their right to a good sound education while they may yet acquire it. They will have enough of war lter. \\; held prisoners of war in Japan. These latter lists have been made available to the Vatican office through the new service establish- ed with the Apostolic Delegate in Tokyo. The Vatican Office of Infor- mation, it is now announced, hopes to establish direct radio- telephone contact between the Apostolic Delegate in Tokyo and the Vatican, thus accelerating the transmission of news regarding prisoners of war and internees in Japan. The first list of Americans held prisoners in Japan communicated to the United States Government :by the Vatican Office of Informa- tion contained about a thousand names. The Vatican office also reports handling approximately 70,000 Easter 'messages from English- speaking prisoners of war in Italy. A Jesuit, Father Hannon, who has been visiting English-speak- ing prisoners of war in Italy for the Vatican, has reported that his visitittion is half completed and that some 2,000 men have ap- proached the Sacraments so far. He also says Catholic life is well organized among the prisoners and that they are well treated. The priest said that he himself has been shown the utmost court- esy by the Italian military au- thorities. Another priest acquainted with the Slav languages is engaged on a similar mission for the Vatican. The person, who drives a car has to give an account of his travels, at least he is subject to question- ing ff he has a B or C sticker. Yet people can crowd on trains or buses and go on trips for any reason or for none, without fear of being challenged. After all the railroad facilities must be used to transport service men, muni- tlous and supplies of all kinds, whereas the private automobile is not so used. So, really, travel by rail should be tour0 restricted Washington. (E)--The proposed "National War Service Act," which would employ Selective Service practices to draft men and women for compulsory labor in war industries, is vigorously opposed by the Administrative Board of the National Catholic Welfare Con- ference in letters sent in its behalf to the Committees on Military Affairs in the Senate and the House of Representatives. The measure in question, sometimes called the Austin-Wadsworth Bill, would utilize the present Selective Service registry of men between the ages of 18 and 65 years, and also compel the regis- tration of women between the ages of 18 and 50. Under its terms, the President could first call for volunteers among the registered men and women to fill a shortage of workers in a war industries field, and, this failing, could trans- fer workers compulsorily to fill the need. Saying that he writes "at the di- rection" of the N.C.W.C., Admin- istrative Board, William F. Mon- tavon, Director of the N.C.W.C., Legal Department, declares in the letters to the two Congressional Committees, that the proposed measure "would destroy national morale anad weaken, not aid, the war effort." The letters also assert that en- actment Of this bill "would be an invasion of traditional civil lib- erties that is not supported by a consideration of the facts." "Noth- ing has happened or can be fore- seen," it is asserted, "that justifies i the fear that as a nation, under any fair voluntary system, we will not devote the last bit of our strength to personal service in aid of the war effort right on and up to the day of victory over our enemies." Mr. Montavon's letter to the two Committees is as follows; i "By direction of the Adminis- trative Board of the National Ca- tholic Welfare Conference I am addressing to you this statement in opposition to S. 666 (H.R. 1742 in the House), the National War Service Act, introduced by Mr. Austin (Mr. Wadsworth in the House) and now before your Com- mittee. "This bill is to be cited as the "National War Service Act." "The bill states the principle that 'an obligation rests upon every person, to render such per- sonal service in aid of the war effort as he or she may be deemed best fitted to perform.' The bill would authorize cer.ain 'neces- sary and appropriate exceptions' as defined or authorized in this bill. "Certainly some effort should be made to coordinate and sys- tematize the enrollment and placement of workers in the ser- vice of the war effort. This is true particularly with regard to women workers. This seems to call for the strengthening and ex- pansion of the Federal Employ- ment of women in war ind'ustries presents many important problems which must be solved with a view to the preservation of home life and the provision of adequate pro- tective measures. The bill gives no consideration to these problems or to necessary protective meas- ures. "Only mothers and expectant mothers are exempt. Large num- bers of teen age girls would be subject to registration and, indeed, to compulsory service in indus- try. This would be totalitarian- ism at its worst. Even under the present voluntary method, young women in great numbers have volunteered and are working in service of the war effort. Many of these have chosen work near their homes, or have been able to procure temporary homes. Too many have done otherwise and need protection. Under a corn- RELAYING INFORMATION ON WAR PRISONERS pulsory system, such as this bill would provide, this condition al-i most inevitably would be greatly  aggravated. "The patriotism of this nation has not degenerated to a level which justifies the pessimism which underlies this legislative proposal. Men and women in the United States in general recognize their moral oblt.gation to render personal service m aid of the war eff, ort. The eagerness which has been shown by men and even by women to abandon their normal mode of living to serve in war industries and in aid of the war effort has enabled our country to build and equip a war machine unequalled by any country that has resorted to compulsor war service. "Nothing has happened or can be foreseen that justifies the fear l that as a nation, under any fair voluntary system, we will not Sight-Seelng Restricted At. St. Peter's Basilica London. ()-- Restrictions on sight-seeing in St. Peter's, Rome, have been issued by Cardinal Tedeschini, Archpriest of the Basilica, Vatican Radio announces. In the future sight-seers will not be admitted before 10 a.m., on ordinary days and before 1 p.m., on certain major feast days. Visits will be forbidden altogether when solemn functions are taking place in the Basilica. devote the last bit of our strength to personal service in aid of the war effort right on and up to the day of victory over our enemies. "To enact this bill would be an invasion of traditional civil liber- ties that is not supported by a con- sideration of the facts. It would destroy national morale and weak- en, not aid, the war effort." GERMANY (Contnued from page concentration camps. la warfare has come which in turn bloody counter measures, are driving to despair of the population quiet.' Closing The Bishops close orial with this "One can not build a new and fairer to destroy Christianity at time. The West is sociated with Christianity is substitute for it can created." o As the Church keeps vance of the incense so should keep the Ioly Mass all the day The Office of Defense Trans- lmrtation kcelm warning us that we are facing a critical trans- pertation problem. Recently au- toists, who have bocn granted sup- plementary gas, have been told that a chock will be made upon all pleaure driving that exceeds the mileage tha is granted to A book holders. No amount of warning or pleading seems to, have much effect upon the average per- son. There is a War Speed, which is disregsrded by practically every driver on the road. In fact a driver makes ,hi.unm conspicuous as a slow/poke by observing it. TO GET RID OF A BAD COLD IN A HURRY TRY S. & B. "SPRATOX" It is just the remedy to check it quickly and if used in time will often prevent it, and other troubles that follow a cold, We are mailing it out every day, why can't we mail you an outfit--75c complete and guaranteed to satisfy SNODGRASS & BEACY Advertisement. than travel by auto. That Is un- leas there is a shortage of rubber h gas. Most people consider statement a sort of fairy story. And why should they not? There are too many piles of used rub- ber casings that have been left standing out in the weather to dis- integrate, for people to place much credence inn rubber short- age. If there Is one it has been produced perhaps by the oll monopoly. The oil men want to make all the synthetic rubber as well as the octane gas. Yet bet, ter rubber can be made from grain by the Russian method. Then there is the so-called "feather- bed" rules whleh hamper the railroads. This polley wastes what amounts to the labor of 10,000 men. Some railroad men on account of the "feather-bed" policy, work only ten days in the nmnth. The American people are willing to cooperate, but they see so many contradictions, so much bickering between the heads of federal bureaus, that they can scarcely be blamed if they are un- convinced in the midst of the un- certainty. Arkansas General Utilities Co. ICE PHONE 2600 EL DORADO * ARKANSAS J. H. Dumas, Owner-Manager Telephone 406 HOTEL COMO European Plan- Modern Hot and Cold Water in Every Room 123 Main Street El Dorado, Arkansas Hanna & Company Hardware, Furniture Paint and Wallpaper Sporting Goods Dorado, Smackover, Arkans I I I El Dorado, Arkansas I I' I L :,Ly- ---- if: ..... :" '?:-:o % . % rFor Whom The Bell Tolls a. .. and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls/ it tolls for thee." --fohn Donne I *0 2400ARKANSAS CO .... ', , HELPING At last the work of American industry is beginning to bear fruit. On all frontswhere our men are fighting and where our allies are fightingAmerican materiel is winning this war against Nazi ideas, Nazi pillage, Nazi murder. Our Company is playing a part as important as that played by our men under fire, for we are helping deliver the power neces- sary to turn out these weapons of war, and delivering it along plans set up years before Pearl Harbor by business men whose first thought always is to get the job done When next the bombers strike at Berlin, listen for the knell, Hitler; when Russia wipes out a few more thousands of your men, you will still hear the clangor. But when America in all its fury pounds you into submission.., then you will know for whom the bell tolls, Hitler... it tolls for thee! " ? These views taken at the Vatican Information Offlce for War Prisoners and Refugees shows radio transmission and reception machines used there and (right) the English language broadcasting booth giving out information concerning war Drisoners. The messages are picked up relayed by Papal representatives throughout the world. (N.C.W.C.)