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May 14, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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May 14, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, MAY 14, 1943 / THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock. Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March S, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DsOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocesa of Little Rock and ! pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defemder of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that Its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. / BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian n/ust be handled through the Business Manager. and all matters intended for publition should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THObIAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809% West 2nd. Telephone 6480 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Council, No. 1713 .................... $11t.00 Fort Smith Council. No. 00S. 22.00 Little Rooh Council, No. 812. R2.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443. 17.00 Blythetllc-Osceula, Council, No. 2857_ 12.00 Texarkana Council No. :I50-. 17.00 PIn Bluff Council, No. 1153 ............................. 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council. No. 2750 ......... 12.00 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ..................... 12.00 w !" , MAY 14, 1943 " "If by liberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of pulJlic measures and political opinions, let us have as much of it as you please; but it it means the liberty of af- treating, calumniating and defaming one another, 1 own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and Shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty of abusmg others [or the privilege of not being abused mysell."Franklin. MAY IN WAR TIME Since the month of May, when nature dons her most beautiful garb, has, by inevitable tradition, become associated with devotion to Mary, God's most beautiful creature, it would seem that in some way thoughts of the cruel war which is af- flicting the world should be set aside, for what place has war, with its harshness and horror, in this season of gentle whole- someness May means the bursting forth of new life, an atmos- phere of tranquility and splendor, while war means death, and hardship, and disorder. Yet the very contrast between what May stands for and what war represents tells us that now is the time to pray for the passing of war s evils; with the lesson of nature all about us we can see that it is only man's weakness, his wandering from the paths of righteousness, that brings war into the world; that we must stand firmly for justice and truth if we are to know the peace which May, symbolizes. During this May; as always, we are to pray to the Blessed Virgin to intercede with her Divine Son for the graces we need: we need to pray for strength to bear the sacrifices, the hard- ships, the separations Which war thrusts upon us; for light to see how our own shortcomings, in Says when peace was granted us, have contributed to the troubles that have now come upon us; for courage to overcome the selfishness that even today ob- structs the prosecution of the crucial struggle in which we are engaged. Invoking Mary s aid, we must be inspired by recol- lection of her purity to resist and over come the shameful in- dulgences that threaten to undermine the national strength and character; we must be inspired by her humility and obedience ate accept the duties and obligations imposed upon us, without demanding praise and recompense; we must be inspired by her confidence in God to place similar reliance upon His will and gtiidance. Complying with the appeal of the Holy Father that the faithful throughout the world, including particularly the chil- dren, join with him during May in invoking the intercession of Mary "for the needs of humanity and for the attainment of a just peace," we can create in our souls a reflection of the beauty for which May and Mary stand, a beauty which even the ugliness of war cannot destroy and before which even war must even- tually give away.Pittsburgh Catholic. LOOK TO THE SOUTH IVuRubber Today, the United States:--at one time customer for half the rubber that the world producedis still shaking from the close call it had due to the' loss of the sources of natural robber to the Japanese Army and Navy. We bought roughly 96 per cent of our crude rubber from the Dutch, the French and the British. But the rubber industry was founded in Brazil l It is true that Singapore replaced Para as the rubber capital of the world and that the crop in South America failed years ago to meet South American demands themselves. Yet, note the lisy; of shipments for a given year before the war broke out: British Malaya, 469.960 tons; Netherlands East Indies, 431,646 tons; British Ceylon, 70,359 tons; French Indo-China, 43,339 tons; Siam, 35,551 ton; Sarawak, 25,992 tons, and all South America 18,008 tons. Discrimination, quality, pressure groups.. When rubber was first found in Brazil and it proved to have a commercial value, the British, the Germans, the French and the Dutch swarmed to the wilds of the Amazon valley to see this magic material. They were as interested in the plant itself as they were in the product. They were anxious to get the seeds and saplings for their own undeveloped colonies whose climate duplicated that of Northern Brazil. Indeed, in 1910 Amazon latex had soared to $3.00 a pound, and in but ten years Brazil produced only 9 per cent of the world's sup- ply while our friends in the Orient were producing 89 per cent. In 1926, for instance, five million new acres were planted in the Orientand none in South America. Should we have become dependent up6rl such a distant source through all these years It was plainly an awful error in the strategy of economic supply. The distant lands pros- pered while a neighbor was neglected. And today we have to turn to the manufacture of synthetic rubber to atone for that crime. We left Brazil outside our minds--and nearly left our- selves prostrate for the want of a single essential. Brazilian, Panamanian and Costa Rica planters have every reason to hope for increased buying. We have learned our lesson late. Let us hope we will remember it.Catholic Herald. THE RETURN OF THE IGNORANT Whether or not it is due go the war, the relaxed morals of the period or the usual cyclical trend in American society makes little difference. The fact remains, there is an active anti-Ca- tholic campaign of smears and whispers that is starting just over the horizon. Ignorance and intolerance are licking their lips and bigotry again rides through the night of prejudice. In the last few weeks some of the so-called "liberal" week- lies have been featuring and advertising articles that are definitely "slanted" to throw the shadow of fascism upon the Holy See--although how they can ever deny the actual dealing with communism on their own part is difficult to see. But the facts prove them wrong. Father Gillis went to great pains some months ago to answer that the papacy was partial to the regimes in either Germany or Italy. One partic- ular individual, an exiled anti-cleric from Italy, has been spew- ing his venon through these various "butcher paper': weeklies for the past several weeks. Neither his message nor his name deserve the dignity of a reply, paper shortage anad conserva- tion aside. If the ignorant will but consult the matters of record such as the encyclicals they may lean to their own profit that the papacy long ago condemned the violence of'the various fascist groups. And the Catholic world in general is waiting for these windy liberals to condemn the mass executions of the peasants in the Ukraine, the disappearance of 40,000 Polish Army of- ficers in Soviet Russia, the recently disclosed murder of the Jewish labor leaders by the Red government. Let them con- demn these admitted crimes before erecting paper windmills they love to knock over .... and let them forsake the trend to- wards bigotry and strive for truth. Timely Elernals , Rt. Rev. Msgr. Peter M. H. Wynhoven Editor-in,Chief Catholic Action of the South LOVE MISCALCULATED ' Her boy friend was drafted for military service. It sud- denly dawned on them that they must get married at once. "Why the hurry" "Because we are in love." You can easily guess which one of the lovebirds gave this pertinent reason. A marriage that is not founded on love will prove a fiasco. If the matrimonial bark is to weather the storms and stresses of the martial high seas, love is a positive requirement. But passion, which our young,sters today so often mistake for love, cannot but mean shipwreckor worse. Physical attraction and flaming infatuation are usually as brief but as horrible as a modern blitzkrieg. Marriage, as intended by the Creator, has a twofold purpose: real love nest. The fact that children and solace. The latter is "Sugar" never did much cooking, stolen, if the former are elimi. or any hard washing at all, at her natcd; and the solace diminishes own home does not tarnish the while the guilt increases. When luster of the golden dream, much both these purposes are trivially !ess turn it into a factual awaken- considered, or conditions are such rag. that it will be practically Stapes- The probability that unforseen sible to carry them out, then mar- expenses may make it impossible, riage has lost its meaning, some months, to pay the grocer, A man and a maid can be so the butcher and the milkman does deeply in love that, constantly not enter into their calculations. walking around in the dazzling Perhaps they expect the store- sunlight of courtship' days, they keeper to get a big laugh out of the become blinded to the ever-pres- sweet little note on their returned ent practical side of life. All they bills reading, "We are in love; know is that they love each other isn't it wonderful!" tenderly. How this love will be They do not sense the possibility sustained when they are married that, some day, when babies begin does not enter their happy heads, to arrive, this wonderful love may He makes only the small salary be severely jolted by the impact of a beginning clerk, with but of high cost on low income. slim chances for an increase or a The period of "sunshine and promotion. But that's all right, roses" is as brief as it is beauti- "Sugar" will do the cooking, the ful, if the billing goes on and the house cleaning, the washg, the cooing ceases. ironing and the mending. Fur- It is for this reason that so many thermore, to reduce expenses, she of our recent military rush wed- will make her own clothesat dings are ill-advised. Romeo least for around the house. Their leaves for the service, perhaps for little home, at $25 a month (al- the battle front, anad Juliet is left most half of his salary), will be a See ETERNALS on page 5 , UES TION B OX Notice--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. What Was The Heresy That St. Augustine Subscribed lb? The heresy, which for sometime attracted St. Augustine, was known as Manichaeism. It was instituted in the third century by a lersian dreamer variously named Manes, Manichaeus, who visioned himself a legate from God to introduce a religous and moral reforma- tion into the world. In the fourth and fifth centuries this heresy took a westward course and became dangerous to Christianity, finding a home especially in Proconsular Africa, where many of the educated' classes embraced its teachings. Briefly, these teachings are: A May Catholics be married dur- dual principle of creation, the one lng Lent? good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad angels, who seek to destroy the work of God. Man's spirit is 'from God and therefore good; his body from Satan and therefore evil. There is a constant struggle between these two opposite forces. The spirit triumphs over the powers of darkness only insofar as it rises superior to the body. Fur- thermore, this heresy boasted to have an answer to every question and to explain the deepest mys- teries of the Christian religion. In his search for knowledge, it was the boast that blinded St. Augustine for nine years, setting him thinking that Manichaeism "would free us from all error and bring us to God by pure reason alone." Association with the lead- ers of this heresy opened his eyes and he saw that, despite the boast on their lips, "their hearts were void of truth." Pen in hand, at intervals between 394 and 420, he wrote forty books of refutation among which the thirty-three against Faustus, one of their lead- ers, are worthy of special note. As we know, St. Augustine, after leaving this heresy, became a Ca- tholic, a Bishop of the Church and one of the great saints of all times. $ $ Why does the Catholic Church admit the validity or orders in the Eastern Sehismio church and yet not recognize the validity of Anglican orders? The Eastern Schimatic orders are valid both on historical and theological grounds. I-Listoricaliy Eastern Schismatic bishops are able to trace their orders in an cnbroken line back to apostolic times. Theologically their bishops always had the intention of con- secrating other bishops with the fullness of priestly power and of ordaining priests who would con- tinue Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. Pope Leo XIII declared in his encyclical, "Apostolicate Curae," September 13, 1896, that: "Ordi- nations arried out according to the Angelican Rite have been and are absolutely null and utterly void." His condemnation rests on theological, not historical grounds. When the Edwardine Ordinal was substituted for the Roman Ordinal in 1552 all reference to the priest- hood was omitted. Further, those who administered orders had no intenton of administering a valid sacrament. It was not until the year 1662--over a hundred and ten years laterthat the words, "for the office and work of a priest," were added to the Angli- can Ordinal. Prior to that the defective and inadequate form, "receive the Holy Ghost," was used. By that time the historical hierarchy had become extinct and there remained no power of or- daining. What did our Lord mean when He said on the Cross, "Father why hast thou forsaken Me?" You probably refer to the cry of our Divine Lord just before His death: "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" This means that our Lord hanging on the Cross was forsaken by His Heavenly Father in the sense that the Father could do nothing for His Divine Son since he was there as the Victim of sin. He must suffer to the end as He has, of- fered Himself a Holocaust for th6 sins of mankind. Marriages may not be solemn- ized during Lent and Advent. However, if there is a grave enough reason, Catholics may be married on any day of the year. Such a procedure may call for a special dispensation from the Bishop of the Diocese. It is important to remember the distinction between being mar- ried and the solemnization of mar- riage. Catholics may be married on any day of tl2e year, but this would call for the necessary dis- pensations on certain days and during certain seasons. Why do you nmlntaln that there can be only one true religion? There can be only one true re- ligion because there is only one true God. If there could be more than one true God there might be more than one true religion; each GOd might have His own re- ligion and each religion might be true. But since there is only one God there can be only one true religion of that God. Differences of eligious doc- trine result fror the different idea which men hold of God and God's nature. Some maintain that there is one God, some three Gods, some many more. Some say that God is one person only, others that He is three in one, others again that He is not a per- son at all. Some believe, that God became man for our /salvation, others that He did not. Religions which represent the One God in ways that contradict one another cannot all be true. Since these different views are contradictory one of another, some of them must seriously misrepresent God. No- body likes to be misrepresented. Religion which misrepresents God cannot possible be pleasing to Him, however leniently He may be disposed to deal with those who follow a false religion through no fault of their own. "One Lord, one faith, one baptism" (Eph. 4,5) that is the right as well as the revealed view of the matter. $ $ * Is marriage,_ properly speaking a vocation? It most certainly is. It is a noble vocation ordained by God HimseLf and intended for the majority of men and women. It is as much a vocation as life in the cloister or the priesthood, and a person clearly called to the mar- ried state and refusing to enter it without sufficient reason, or be- cause of hindering circumstances, is not adapting himself or herself to the designs of God in his or her regard. The respect of the Church for the vocation of mar- riage is unparalleled in history, a divine institution which among Christians is given the dignity of a Sacrament. * * How many Catholic Priests axe there in the world? How many Ca- tholic people? We have not beer able to find any authoritative source for the number of priests in the world. There are 35,839 in the United States, according to the 1941 of- ficial Catholic directory. The World Almanac for 1942 gives the entire population of the world as 2,140,945,000; of these 338,385,939 are Catholics. The Song of Bernadette .:. :'.": The Society Book-o00-the-Month The Of The Faith A TRULY GREAT To friends of the mission not only in the United' in the Orient and South the news of the death James Drought, M.M., great shock. The his demise creates a sense! most irreparable loss for it seem that Father Drought'l edge of mission problems, business acumen and understanding were needed at the present time. In extending occasion of Father death The Society for the gation of the Faith unites missionaries the world praying for the repose of May his example prove spiration for others to his truly zealous and footsteps! US" "GOD IS WITH When the ill-fated Zam was sent to e bottom ocean some two years ago teen missionaries, work in the Vicariate of land, were placed in camps by the Axis were responsible for the and huge supplies missions were lost. would see to constitute disaster and yet, in the "Mamma, Bernadette saw a lady..." Blows ell across Bcrnadette'$ back. OTHER LOUIS SOUBIROUS has had no easy day on this eleventh of February. For most of the after- noon she had to stay with her Croisine Bouhouhorts, whose poor, deformed baby cannot possibly survive. The boy's legs are no thicker than a man's thumbs, and every few weeks he is attacked by a dreadful convulsion, such as the one he suffered today. Small wonder then that Louise Soublrous listens with Impatience as her daughter Marie says hesitantly: "Mamma, I'd like to tell you something . . . It's about Bernadette..  She saw a lady dressed all in white with a sky-blue girdle, in the Maablelle cave .... " Bernadette enters at that moment, and her mother turn upon her with sudden anger. "What did you see, divine Providence, much being accomplished incident. Those seventeen are now scattered concentration m Austria and they are proving that detriment to am glad to be here," Paul Juneau, O.M.I. "our has changed the whole the place and God is our work." Again Father Boulanger, O.M.I., writing from Camp January 17, 1943, informs while the poverty of mas arrangements gible reminders of that blessed night 19 ago, "the beauty of our seemed tff shine with splendor. God continues with us" is his NEAR HOME Governmental been ordered into the neighboring islands Rico, but in the ports reach this office sionaries who, living Sacrifice of the Mass in information. Now the Ghost Fathers, the at St. Philip's Church, Puerto Rico, furnish ing facts. "In the best of years the has struggled along, barely out an existence, sole support on the sugar cane. This sugar c son lasts no more than five months and the received by the natives over a dollar a day) them over the year. As a consequence possible for them to priest and a church. As a result of this Holy Fathers must offer Sacrifice of the Mass in air, in private homes, in store-houses and even in There is a flock of souls under their, care would welcome any a to continue their work BEGGER FOR The harassed Church irt has lost its strongest most devoted patron by of the Very Rev. Paul M.S. For fifteen years in the capacity of Christ" and during that and a half he saw the the Missionaries of La pand remarkably. As tae Very Rev. Kirby 'states "Father no messages at his municated no last words. just his life, He bequeathed remains as one of his spirit of relentless, See PROPAGATION on .:. BY IFRANZ WE ILLUSTRATIONS BY HAROLP "*! you invent lying stories, you needn't stay betel"  "Papa I reall "You told on me; . . . Oh, why did you do that?" Bernadette aslq with a long glance at her sister. Yet in her voice iSmo reproach, rather the breathing of a great relief because she may now utter her secret. "Oh, yes, Mamma, I did see a mot beautiful lady there at Massa- blelle . . ." These rapturous words make the orely tried woman's cup of woe run over. "What did you see?" she shrieks. "Nothingthat's what: You see two beautiful ladies. But I work my fingers to the bone for you and no one dreams of making things easier for me. rll fix you*." She snatches up a cane and the Irst blow falls across Berna- dette's back. Marie, too, gets her share. The noise awakens Papa Francois Soubirous. He stands you Imbecile?" . (Continued Next Week) Drawings copyright, 1948, by King-Feature Syndicate, Inc. Text e opyright 1942 by The Viking Press, Inc. Distributed by King Features Syndicate In co.operation with the there, tall and slender. His worldly 111 luck ness of character have robbed him of the unassuntlug distinction of his figure. "I he says calmly. "So you are already beginning tt follies, eh, Bernadette ? Well, if you see In caverns and invent lying 3tortes, you among respectable people; you belong among glers and tricksters and gipsies on the you're that kind, young woman, then you here; ybu'd better Join the Jugglers and the Bernadette looks at her father quite blankly. and yet apathetically her eyes are fixed on presses both hands against her bosom. "Oh, says, "I really and truly saw the lady, truly.