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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
May 13, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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May 13, 1938

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L l&apos;l J  L  Jk L. i  .' e f rm tion of souls. Hence, no amount of zeal  Cathohcs i! PUBLISHED WEEKLY and painstaking effort can be called ex+essive in the discharge TIO hI R (}Y * t ' THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of SO grave a responsibility Our Bishops have been Di-  ,,  ..., - . xJ. , AJ  , n of the Dloeese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second.class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock. Arkansas, under the act of Coagress of March 8, 18"/9. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the olficial organ el the Diocese o| Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause el right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph.D., Editor Associate Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran. LL.D.; Very Roy. Msgr. Joseph A. Gallagher, M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Key. James E. O'Connell, M. A.; Roy. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Iusiness Manager. and all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardiau office not later than Tuesday a noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W. C. News Service--Anonymous Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Texarkana Council No. 2650 .............................. $12.00 Pine Bluff Council No. 1153 ....................... $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ................................. $12.00 Paragould Council No. 171S .............................. $1Z.00 Stuttgart Councll No. 2770 ............................................... $ 7.00 MAY 13. 1938 MARY QUEEN OF HEAVEN "For lehold from henceforth all generations shall cali me blessed.' Prophetic words, these of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which were uttered on the occasion of her visit to her cousin, St. Elizabeth, after she had received the joyful tidings that she was to become the Mother of the Saviour. And how gloriously this prophecy has been fulfilled can be seen by the honor which has been paid her throughout succeeding gen- erations since these words were uttered. Our Church presents Mary to us as our model,'and from its very infancy has encouraged devotion to-Mary as the Mother of Jesus. Two months of the year, May and October, are dedicated in a special manner in her honor, and during these months we are urged to medhate on the signal honor i:,  which God.conferred on her in selecting her to be the Mother of His Own divine Son. May and October, these are the months which we call the months of Mary, and in May, more purticularly, with the birth of spring we are reminded of a new birth in a spiritual life which we share in a sense through her who was the Mother of our Saviour and through whom man was regenerated. After devotion to Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour, there is no devotion which so attracts the loyal Catholic heart as that which we have for Mary, the Immaculate Mother of Jesus, and our own Blessed Mother. In this month particularly, the month of May, the children in their innoeenca, who have such a deep loyalty and love for Mary, crown her with a garland of flowers with a devotion that emphasizes the desire of their pure and innocent little hearts to crown Mary her- self were she actually present. It brings us all back in spirit to the days when we too were children and when we like them had so much confid- ,once and affectionate love for the Mother of Christ, and it helps us to realize what a heaven-sent gift her being and wonderful influence has been throughout all our lives. A special method of honoring Mary made use of during these two months is that which is known as the Rosary, that universally loved and widely recited prayer in which we medi- tate on the Mysteries of the life, death, and resurrection of our Saviour. It is a rqeans also by which Catholics render their homage to the Mother of Christ for while they meditate on the Mysteries they recite that beautiful prayer, culled from the words by which the Archangel Gabrid announced to Mary that she was to be the Mother of God, and likewise from , tle inspired words of St. Elizabeth, when she greeted Mary ?' on her visit to her home. Many a nation today owes its strong, firm and deep <+ faith to the practice of this devo+tion, which even in times of persecution kept the faith alive in many a Catholic heart. Every Catholic should with a child-like spirit renew during i) this month of May his allegiance to Mary, his Blessed Mother, and seek her constant help and protection during these days :+ of irreligion when the very name of Christ Himsdf is held i+!:+i: up for moclnT and scorn. In times of stress and danger, ++ children run to their mother for protection. We should never forget the part that Mary has played in our redemption and that it was Christ Himself, our Divine Saviour, Who gave her to us as our Mother, and when all seems lost, she it is to whom we should go with confidence in the knowledge that she will not desert us for she is truly, in every sense of the word, our Heavenly Queen and our Mother.--M. .++ : A GRAVE OBLIGATION i,i: +`:+:  The Catholic Church has definite and thorough-going i:: convictions on the suhject of education, and the vast system of parochial schools in this country is a clear indication of the importance she attaches to the moral and spiritual formation : of her children. The educational ideals and methods of thee .... i;: Catholic Church become easily intelligible in the light of her rdigious philospphy, for it is our Catholic Faith which gives us our interpretation of life and assigns us our definite edu- cational esponsibilitie We should not be loyal to conscience and convictions, were we to give our children to training in secular schools. Certainly we should be neglectful of Divine obligation, were we not to adopt the safest and surest means of safe-guarding the future and hereafter of our children. + American vinely empowered to guard the flock entrusted to them, in all that concerns their moral and spiritual interests. Therefore, when the Church warns against the fatal de- ficiencies of secular training, and asks us to provide schools permeated with and devoted to the teachings and precepts of Christianity, there can be but one course for the loyal Catholic to follow. It would hardly be consistent for us to regard the Church as Divinely founded and commissioned, if at the same time we refuse to accept her guidance in matters so obviously bound up with her own mission. Obedience then ! to legitimate authority becomes a mainspring of action, and the responsibilities which such obedience involves are gen- erously accepted. In the light of this belief that the Church speaks to us in sublime and conpelling accents of Divine au- thority, we willingly do our best to realize the educational ideals which she wishes us to follow. We admit that the educational mandate of the Church is a hard saying--the building, equipment and support of our schools is no doubt a heavy burdenbut no Catholic has ever entertained the idea that consistent Christianity is free from sacrifiovs commensurate with its supreme importance. Besides the Church's conviction as to the necessity of religious instruction in the daily training of her children, there is the equally important question of discipline which is logically and psychologically bound up with the former. The disciplinary rule which the Church employs in the character-uphuilding of her young is mightily enforced by the character and ex- ample of the devoted teachers who are found in the vast majority of our schools. Everyone realizes that there are many influences-- both open and insidious---at work in society utterly destructive of our faith and Christian morality and it is to meet these forces of erotic materialism that the Church eagerly strives to gie her children something solid to sustain them. And dominating all our efforts is the supreme law, the very mandate which Christ gave to His Apostles when He said to them: "Going, therefore, teach ye all nations."--J. A. G. i Words of Encouragement Buckler of Hope. "Every word of God is ire.- tried, and He is a Buckler of Hope to those who hope in Him." This means that every word of God is absolutely true, and that He is a shield or protector to those who hope in Him. What is the hope most people have in Him? Withered, shrunk, ineffective. (I am not, of course, speaking of the theological virtue on which our salvation depends, but of hope in God's help in the every-day episodes of our life.) Think of Him Religion should be a part of one's life. It consists in always thinldng of God. The whole day long. Our Lord lives in your heart. He does not want you to tell Him in so many words that you love Him; He knows you can- not be praying all day. But He wants you always to be thinking of Hhn, to feel that He is with yOU. People are not intimate with Him because they THINK they can't be. So they don't try. Our Lord says: "My yoke is sweet and my burden is light." And again: "Come to Me all ye who labor and are burdened and I will re- fresh you." Trust in Him One condition He always asks: TRUST. No matter how weak you are, how rail, He will help if you will only go to Him. If any- one would really believe that God would make him a saint he would become one. We should have bigger hearts, more confidence. We don't trust Him one-tenth part as much as we should. Where do any good thoughts or aspirations we ever have come from? From Him; they are His gifts. He says: "If you will only let Me, I will make a saint of you." It is by your want of confidence, hope and trust, that: you tie His hands. To-Day's Parable By FATHER STEDMAN CONFRATERNITY OF THE PRECIOUS BLOOD LOOKING UP!' A story my uncle used to tell of how, when he was a boy, he ran away to sea. There was a storm, and he was told to climb one of the very high masts, to fix the sail at the top. He got up all right, but on the way down, he got dizzy and began to cry out hysterically to the mate below "I feel dizzy--I'm going to fall." The mate cried: "LOOK UPS FOR What Do You Know? (Answers on Page 8) 1. For what purpose were candles first employed in the early Church? Why is Feb- ruary 2, the feast of the Purifi- cation of the Blessed Virgin, Often called Candlemas Day, meaning, the Mass of the Can- dles? 2. What is the passion which is opposed to sadness, and which arises from the posses- sion of a desill or coveted ob- ject; one of the fruits of the Holy Ghost; an effect also of contemplating the sacred mys- teries of the Resurrection, As- cension, and Coming of the Holy Ghost? 3. What was the name of the miraculous food sent by God to the Hebrews on their jounmy out of Egypt to Mount Sinai? 4. What is the name of the little republic in central Eu- rope which is made up of ter- ritory that formed part .of the old Austro-Hungarian mon- archy? Why is this country a center of world interest today? What is the predominent re- ligion of its 14,729,000 inhabi- tants? 5. What is the name of the town of Galilee where the Blessed Virgin dwelt and where Christ lived the first 30 years of his life? (N. C. W. C. Features) GOD'S SAKE STOP LOOKING DOWN!" The boy looked up, his dizzi- ness began to leave him. He kept looking up, and got down safely. That's good sense on any sea,-- the sea of life included. What about the people who are tossed around by trouble after trouble? They try to live good lives, per- form their Christian duties, yet all they get out of it is poverty-- or sickness--or the death of one they love most. Yet they see others who live Godiessly, selfish- ly,, good to no one but themselves prosper. To view these inequalities from the material standpoint alone, is enough to confuse us, make us re- sentful, give us an unbalanced view, make us topple from our mast of upright living. Only by LOOKING UP! LOOK- ING TO GOD.* do the injustices and inequalities of this world straighten out, and keep our view of things true. If we do not see ETERNITY BALANCING THE SCALES OF LIFE we are looking DOWN, our eye is off center, we are OFF BALANCE and we will FALL. The Monastery, 5300 Fort Ham- ilton Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. By REV. FRANCIS S. GUY, Ph. D. What is the sin against the Holy Ghost? Why is it considered un- pardonable? The sin against the Holy Ghost is generally considered to be the continued and wilful resisting un- til death of the grace of God, whether in reference to the em- bracing of God's truth or the obey- ing of God's commandments. It is not unpardonable abolutely speaking, for God is always ready to forgive the repentant sinner; but it is generally not pardoned, because the sinner deliberately refuses to cooperhte with God's grace, shuts himself off from God's merciful pardon and fails to do what he knows is absolutely neces- sary for salvation. The case men- tioned by Christ in the Gospels, was the wilful rejection of the miracles He had wrought in proof of His divine mission and the malacious ascribing of them to the power of Beelzebub, the prince of devils. Considered as sins against the Holy Ghost are: despair of one's salvation, presumption of God's mercy, impugning the known truths of faith, obstinacy in sin and final impenitence. Those al- so are guilty of this sin who, i knowing the Catholic Church to be the one true Church of Christ, persistently rc':use to enter it be- cause of worldly interests, loss of property, friends, social or politi- cal position. * * $ Can a child who has reached the age of reason receive the Sac- rament of Extreme Unction? According to the law of the Church (Canon 940) "Extreme Unction can be given only to the faithful who after having come !to the use of reason fall into dang- er of death either through illness or old age. In the same illness this Sacrament cannot be repeat- ed, unless the sick person has re- covered from the illness after hav- ing received the sacred anointing and has again relapsed into dang- er of death." In his commentary on this Can- on, Father Stanislaus Woywod, O. F. M., says: "One of the direct purposes of Extreme Unction is the removal of the weakness of the soul induced by sin, commonly called the reliquiae peecatorum. Therefore, a soul must have been capable of committing sin in or- der to receive Extreme Unction. Given this capability, one may l justly presume that a human be- ing has been guilty of at least ven- ial sins in his life, and that there- fore he is a fit subject for the re- ception of Extreme Unction. Chil- dren who have not attained the use of reason (ordinarily before the completed seventh year of age), and adults who have been insane from infancy, cannot re- ceived Extreme Unction, because they have not sinned." $ $ $ When Christ said to the thief on the cross "This day thou shalt be with Me in Paradise," did the thief really go to heaven that day? The gates o$ heaven were not open to man until the time of Christ's Ascension. The thief was in paradise that day because he Book Review By NEWMAN LIBRARY "White Heart and Mind." Sis- ter Helen Madeline, S. N. D. de N. 124 pages. Benziger Brohhers, Publishers. Price $1.25. This is a meditation book. There s power in the lines, and a cer- tain rhythm that is an echo of poetry. For all those who would medi- i tate in a simple ashion, and who I need the prop and prompter of another's thoughts, this book will serve admirably. Father Francis P. LeBuffe, S. J. says in the foreword: "The au- thor of this book, from her long years in the religious llfe and her ample experience in dealing with students, has written out of the fulness of her heart. She speaks of God appealingly, and brings Him down intimately into our lives. May many souls of both old and young, be brought nearer to God by her writings."--A. "Joseph the Just" by a Sister of St. Joseph, Boston, Mass. 118 Pages. Benziger Brothers, Publish- ers. Price $1.00. From the pen of this talented Sister comes a series of visits to St. Joseph, short meditations, de- votions and prayers. To the mary who have devotion to St. Joseph, it will be a splendid addition to i their library, as it contains a wealth of beautiful thoughts and prayers. It would make an ideal gift as it is attractively bound. A. These books will be at the New- man Library. We are not grateful enough for what we have received from God. Ask Him to teach us how to thank Him, ask Him for light to see and understand, that there is no real peace for us here below, that the only true peace is in the life to come, and that while we stay here we may be ever preparing for our departure hence. You are not preachers, and you do not enter the pulpit, neverthe- less, you are preachers by your example, not merely once a week, or once a day, but every moment lot the day. was with Iris Divine, Master and certain of eternal happiness. * $ * What authority have we that Adam and Eve were the first man and woman? We have the greatest possible authority, the word of God as con- tained in the Bible. $ * * If an adult is baptized by a priest must he necessarily become a Catholic? Yes; because a priest would not baptize an adult unless such adult had the intention to live as a Catholic. Please tell me on what days a priest may say three Masses. Priests are permitted to offer three Masses on All Souls Day (November 2) and Christmas Day. * * $ Wheu does the Easter season begin and end wherein Catholics are bound to receive Holy Com- munion? The time for fulfilling the Easter duty extends from the first Sun- day in Lent to Trinity Sunday. Sunday, May 15.--St. Peter, who was put to death during the per- secution of Dacian in Asia Minor. He was first bound to a wheel and his bones broken, but when it was seen this availed nothing against his faith, he was beheaded. Monday, May 16.--St. John Ne- pomucen, chaplain of the wife of the Emperor Wencelaus who vain- ly tried to extort her confession from him. Finally Wenceslaus had him bound and thrown in a river. A heavenly light disclosed the body and he was buried with fit- ting honors. Three hundred and thirty Tears after death the tomb was opened and the tongue of the saint was found to be still incor- rupt. Tuesday, May 17.--St. Paschal Baulon, a lay Brother of the Fran- ciscan Order, who was renowned for his devotion to the Blessed Virgin. Wednesday, May 18.--St. Ven- antius, Martyr. He was seized as a Christian and brought before a judge, but was several times mir- aculously saved from death. With his convert companions he was finally beheaded, in the year 250. The bodies of these martyrs are preserved in the church of St. Venantius at Camerino, Italy, the birthplace of the Saint Thursday, May 19.--St. Peter Celestine, who left his home to live in a mountain solitude and whose rule of lfe formed the foundation of the Celestine Or- der. He was elected to the Pa- pacy, but, after four months, re- tired and spent the rest of his life in a cell. Friday, My 20.--St. Bernadfne of Siena, a Franciscan Friar of noble birth, who spent his youth in works of mercy and later by his eloquence won many to con- Eugene Woldemar Hiliel Hilgard was a pioneer 0f tific agriculture in hi States, and a convert to th$) He was awarded the Doctor of Laws for his tions to agricultural the universities of M" Michigan, California, andT-.__ bia He r0coived from the Munich AeadeYI ences, and a gold medal a by the International ExP0+! Paris in 1900. . He was"brought to this? from Germany when he  years old. He received from educatio:b  end his, f ath, studied - specia-=,, geology and chcxdstrY.,.Wm" was 23 he became assu'd  geologist of Mississippi. vestigations laid the bast! coastal plain geologY. "--': His work in conneC cotton culture introduC$t tific principles and meth the cultivation of cottOn i While he was occupying tion of chemist in charg._, laboratory of the smit that he "*"--'+' Washington 11 Catholic. He remained ardently attached to aethe!i  of his religion. +: Following the Civil to the University of where he developed th? meat of agriculture.; th Un'versityix of California, v devoted himself to the ' soils. His book, "Soils of. Humid Regions" caused recognized as the leading in this country on alkalk their reclamation. He xvl$m Bavaria in 1833 and dilj. fornia in 1916. !i!!i; i+i!i (N. C. W. C. Feat i A CATHOLIC DICTI0! ! OF THOUGIi POL,T, CS * POLITICIAN$:: I a a * *" 0 $'!'(I'- " The statesman shears the politician skins them ley. i+l A politician is like if you try to put your him, you find nothing O'Malley. Nothing is poliI_.#+, which is morally O'Cormell. ;I _,Iii0000 ! J There is an infinity I errors which, being on become pr=lples.--0000I A mercantile deputatl l Bordeaux, being ask.I XIV, what should be d ,oI:,;: vance their interestS, .,I "Sire, let us alone." In P fairs, weak heads have ruin than wickea!i more Bishop J. L. Spalding. :'i" " Polities is the mearl the functions of gove- kept active; and .to dle cultivate political se science is, in a free of the most important :l those who are intrasted!:: business of education. J L Spalding. Religion, the deepest passion known to man: agency powerful enot away, or let us sa'  away with a refined# ever-accumulating ruption that has American politics. Tel out of politics is to nation to the powers of God.--Rev. James S. P. The truth is that .ll!lll says glibly---and as is 'l matically--"religion Va i, out of politics," he d0. what he He sayl says. but he He says " politics b"L.i partisan politics.--ReV: + Giliis,(N.C.c.S" P" Fet w. c. i version. He was cured of an im-i + pediment of speech through the I The world dep intercession of the Blessed Vir00. I reputatin' position great, but we have it l i er to make all He died in 1444., i Saturday, May Ho00pit- I our use of them. ius, recluse, who shut himself up! make all things great in an old tower near Villa Franca poverty, labor, r a the end, death We in P ovence nd lived on bread].. " " - n rns exarcple, ana and dates/lone. He was accorded insignificant, rel*ulsi the gift of prophecy. He died in t thing s great, by the 681. I them. 1