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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
May 13, 1922     Arkansas Catholic
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May 13, 1922

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PAGE EIGHT i Sees Episcopate as Big Mainstay of Order in World Msgr. Pace, in Sermon at Bishop Barry's Consecration, Tells How it Typifies Authority--Commends President Harding's Time- ly Words on Regard for Law and Its Obedience. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) St. Augustine, May 8.--The power and importance of the episcopate of bc fulfilled if we are to attain, in the Church was never greater than it any measure of success, the en(s for is today for the solution of world which we hope and strive. Until that THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1922. t [ine diocese in the few days hc spent I here last week. On his arrival Tues- day, he was met by a large delegation of friends. Accompanying the prelate were the Rev. William J. Hafey, vice- chancellor of the archdiocese, the Very Rev. L. Pastorelli, of St. Jo- seph's Seminary, Baltimore, and the Rev. F. Bernard, O. S. B., of Sacred Heart Church, Savannah, Ga. FIt• TABB MEMORIAL N. C. W C. MEMORIAL DAY PLAN IS SENT TO THE PASTORS (lit N. C. W. C. NEWS SERVICE) Washington, D. C., May 6.--In an endeavor to give Memorial Day this year a more Catholic significance and make it an occasion for helping the LIBRARY IS OPENE1) l living as well as for remembering the • !dead, Director D. J. Ryan, of the His- ,v ,. c... c. ,E,, ,,,:,, torical Records l)epal•tment, Nation- Richnmnd, Vs., May 4.--One of the al Catholic War Council, has written i interesting ceremonies marking the ito pastors all over the country re- problems, according to the Right Rev. one element be restored, we move Monsignor Edward A. Pace, of the with hesitation, uncertain of the out- formal opening of the Tabb Memorial 'questing them to participate in a ape- Catholic University, who delivered come. For aught we know, our enthu- Library for Chihh'en here, was the fetal program on Sunday, May 28, or the sermon here on the occasion of siasm may be fully and our efforts unveiling of an oil portrait of Father t Tuesday, May 30. the consecration of Re. Rev. Patrick but a beating of the air. Nay more: it John B. rabb ,poet-priest ,to corn- Director Ryan's suggestion is that Barry ,who succeeds the Most Rev. is the plainest of plain truths that memorate whose life and work here in addition to the customary requiem Michael J. Curley as bishop of the lwe and our planning and our prophe-Ithe library was established. The por- masses and prayers for the Catholic diocese of St. Augustine. cy are of no avail unless the world trait of F-ther Tabb was veiled with dead of the various American wars, Archbishop Curley Consecrator. become again a worhl of law and or-[the same flag which covered the cas- there be civic exercises in which one Archbishop Curlcy consecrated the dcr. No other world can offer us eith- I ket of General Robert E. Lee, when I or more parishes take part, and that new bishop, who had served at his er place or time for achievement, and he lay in state in the Capitol. this method of comncmorating the side as chancellor of the diocese The in no other can we be secure of that I The ceremony of unveiling the por- dead b combined with a means of Right Rev. John J. Monaghan of Wil- which we achieve, trait and inaugurating the library to i stimulating interest in behalf of the mington mad the Right Rev William Commends Pres Harding's Appeal public use took place in the chamber  former service men of the World War. Turner of Buffalo were co-consecra- "Less than two months ago, the of the Court of Appeals. Governor' I It is pointed out by Director Ryan tors. Right Rev. Wm. T. Russell,]Chief Magistrate of the Republic de- Trinkle, Right Rev. D. J. O'Conncll, i that in nearly every Catholic ccme- Bishop of Charleston ,was among the lclared: It is absolutely essential to Bishop of Richmond, Dr. It. R. Me- tery Catholic sohtiers lie buried,, and distinguished ecclesiastics attending [the nmintenance of a secure society llwa!ne, state librarian, Judge Charles that the graves of these might be ap- the ceremony. The Diocese of Little and to the attainment of a propel N. ]eidelson, editor of the Richmond propriatcly decorated. The Gold Star , - ,, Rock was represented by Very Rcv. moral plane that the law should be Dmpatch, and Rev. R. Cary Mon- Fathers and Mothers of many com- P. F. Horan, D. D., of Fort Smith, a.recognized as sacred and supreme.., tague, an Episcopal clergyman, at- munities are planning to place era- former collegemate of Bishop Barry. Monsignor Pace sketched the posi- tion of the episcopate in the ancient church and declared that this office was an indispensable agency in builel- ing the structure of human society and making it firm with the bonds of a common faith and a universal law. Msgr. Pace Preaches. "Even now," he said, "we can see the organization of churches each with its bishop and the gathering of bishops into councils to settle on mat- ters of faith and discipline. We can Our only safety will be in inculcat- ing an attitude of respect for the law as, on the whole, the best expression that has been given to the social as- piration and moral purpose of the community.' "No timelier word has ever been spoken to the American people-- nothing more suggestive of the prob- lem which now confronts us. For if the law is to be regarded as sacred and supreme, the principle of author- ity in which law finds its origin and support must be expressed in concrete read of the united efforts made by forms that emphasize its sanctity. It the bishops and secular rules for the framing tmUst] bc conjoined with things that advancement of learning, the make for righteous living, and receive of laws, the cultivatmn of the arts, • " I from them its consecration, the atti- the spiritual and temporal welfare of t .......... L uue o respect ior mw muse ase l- the people We can hear above all l • i self upon the firm conviction that the voice of the Bishop of Rome call-I ........ , ....... • ,uuemence o la' IS par o: nc uuy mg upon the natmns to cease thmr I • " , which religion imposes. And religion strife, to adjust their differences, to i nturn can best accomplish its rots- combine their forces in the defense of sion where the tranquility of order civilization• leaves men free to seek after truth What the Episcopate Means. and unite their endeavors in behalf of "But, whatever the episcopate may righteous causes. have meant in the past, whatever its True Origin of Law. service or achivement ,we now are "Here, then ,is the answer to om concerned to estimate its value in the question. The Catholic Church in the midst of a crisis such as the world[world at large is organized authority. has not known before. Within leSS lThe Catholic Hierarchy in each coun- than a decade, we have witnessed the try is the embodiment of spiritual struggle of nations, the crumbling of empires the passing of dynasties, the agonies of death an& the throes of birth. Upon the ruins of a civilization which centuries had established we are building---or planning to build, another world anal a better. What el- ement of strength, or stability ,of se- curity does the episcopal office con- tribute? When men are concerned power. Each bishop in his diocese is a ruler of those who hold the Catho- lic faith and share in its worship and partake of its supernatural life. To appoint a bishop is to exercise the power that belongs to the visible head of the Church. To consecrate a bishop is to raise a priest to the ful- ness of sacerdotal rank, and with all the solemnity of liturgical form to set with political problems, with the ad- forth the sacredness of puthority as justment of economic conditions, with the mainstay of order and the origin production and trade and commercial of law." expansion, what influence can a spir. itual power exert? Does Not Surrender to Worldly  Demands. "A spiritual power does not use force. It controls no markets. Its in- vestments are not of this world, and neither are its returns. It cannot, if true to itself, surrender its claims or yield to the pressure of worldly de- mands. It must not, if it is to guide the souls of men, follow after the fashion of the hour in respect to truth and moral principle. On the con- trary, it has to speak plainly to men of their eternal interests ,to warn them against in, even when sin is attractive ,to rebuke wrongdoing whomsoever be the offender, to ad- monish them of the reckoning which shall bring to light and justment the innermost secrets of thought and de- sire• "But again if this be its purpose and scope, if such its manner of deal- ing with men, what place or signifi- Religious Family. Bishop Barry comes from a family that has given three sons and one daughter to the religious life. One brother, the Rev. William Barry, is pastor of the Church of the Holy An- gels in Jacksonville and another, the Rcv. Joseph Barry, is a curate at Youghal in his native diocese in Ire- land. A sister is a member of the Do- minican Order, stationed at the moth- erhouse in Adrian, Mich. The new prelate was born in the parish of West Inagh, County Claire, Ireland. He entered Mungret Apos- tolic College, Limerick, in 1887, and completed his collegiate work in the Royal University of Ireland. In 1890, Father Barry entered St. Patrick's College, at Curlow, for phil- osophy and theology, and there he was ordained on June 9, 1895. Chaplain in Spanish War. In June he sailed for the new world, arriving in Jacksonville in August and serving on the missions until[ canee can it claim in this present-day 1903, except for a period during the J world of ours? Spanish-American war, when he en-J Unshaken Trust in Education. listed as a volunteer haplain and "Let us look more closely at our served with General Fitzhugh Lee s situation. There arc many grand un- troops. dertakings abroad in the world =- In 1903 Father Barry was sent tc t schemes beyond number of reform, visions of prosperity surpassing im- Palatka, where he administered a ter- agination, prospects and, hopes of lritory that included five counties. He such goodly relations among the peo- I as called, by the late Bishop Kcnny, ples as were not dreamed of in the to the new parish of South Jackson- . ville ,in 1913, and there constructed past. There is much discoursing an attractive church, a rectory and a about democracy and equal opportuni- ty and universal enlightenment. There is above all unshaken ernst in the power of education to lead us out of bondage and ignorance and bring us right quickly into the land of prom- ise. Tke One Thing Needful. "Let us recognize how fair and fine the vision is, how full of inspiration, how stirring to courageous deeds. Let us and be thankful. And let honestly admit the need of on all else Of must tended the exercises• The cord which undraped the por- trait was drawn by Miss Mary Minge Moncure ,daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. C. L. Moncurc, youngest niece of Father Tabb, and George Watson James, son of the founder of the library. The portrait of Father Tabb was donated by Louis F. Gru- her, of Richmond. FRENCIt SCIENTIST DESTROYS ANOTHER MATERIALIST DOGMA (IY'N €, w. €. #EWE $fnvlct) Paris, April 27.--A blow to the nmterialists was given by Prof. Pierre Marie in a lecture which he delivered before the Medical Faculty of Paris entitled "Do there exist ,in the hu- man brain, innate or pre-formed cen- ters of language ?" This was the theory of Broca, which was adopted and developed by Charcot, who considered Professor Pierre Marie as one of his best pu- pils. Students at the schools of Medicine in 1880 and up to 1901 will remember the devotion of both professors and students to tbe dogma of the cerebral localization of the faculty of articu- late speech and to the conclusions, hypotheses and philosophical consid- erations to which it gave rise. The conclusion reached by Marie in his speech is as follows: "We must absolutely free ourselves from the old conceptions which tend- ed to admit ,in the case of certain psychic processes, notably for those of speech, centers as narrow as those of the motive functions. We know tha¢ for the latter, the point of departure seems to be in certain cellular groups from which spring fibers of projec- tion which transmit the necessary ex- citations or injunctions directly or in- directly to the peripheric motor or- gans. In the case of psychic processes this is not a sort of vibration of the nervous elements ,and these vibra- tions are propagated by a series of elaborating reactions, to a number of cells which are thus actuated by the initial voluntary or reflex excitation. It would be notably an error to think, as it was formerly thought, that such and such a cell or such and such a group of cells constitutes a center for one of the parts of speech: nouns, ad- jectives, verbs, etc., or even for the syntax which governs the use of these different parts of speech .... " The localization of the faculty of speech, according to Broca himself, was the final thrust against the be- lief in the immateriality of the word and of the soul, of which the word is a partial expression. BISHOP PINTEN IS CONSECRATED IN DIOCESE OF MARQUETTE ,m a. s. -. ,. mnm .,an. Marquette, Mich., May 8.--The Right Rev. Joseph Gabriel Pinten, former vicar-general of the diocese of Marquette, was consecrated as third bishop of Superior in St. Peter's Ca- thedral here before a distinguished assembly of clergy from many sur- rounding states. parish hall. In 1917 he was summon- ed to St. Augustine by Bishop Mi- chael J. Curley. Archbishop Meets Old Friends. When Archbishop Curley left St. I Augustine to take charge of the pro- vincial see of Baltimore, :Father Bar- ry, as vicar-general, became adminis- trator of the diocese. News of his ap- pointment asBishop came from Rome on February 22. Archbishop Curley had many op- portunities to renew old acquaintance among his friends of the St. August- blems of their organizations on the graves of ,hen who fell in the Worht War. Several veterans' societies hav- ing large numbers of Catholics in their membership are also preparing to observe Memorial Day by suitable services and the decoration of graves. It is thought that these societies would be willing to co-operate, with Catholic societies in honoring the memory of Catholic soldiers. In connection with the memorial program, Director Ryan proposes there should bca practical undertak- ing for the sick and disabled and the unemployed veterans of the World War. Included among the comnfittees for the observance of the day, there should be one having for its purpose the giving of assistance to former service men wbo have claims for com- pensation or who are out of work. Many of these men, Director Ryan says, have been unable to collect their compensation because their claims have been filed either improperly or not at all. Many others are without employment. Director Ryan suys that the His- torical Records Department and the Department of Laws and Legislation will collaborate with parochial com- mittees or agencies in presenting and pressing the claims of the sick and disabled veterans whose names arc fmaished. If the voice within us whispers that, all is well, it is fair weather, however, the clouds may lower or the lightning play. FOCH FOLLOWS RELICS OF CROSS ON GOOD FRIDAY (BY . c. w. c. NLWS s/,'CE) 29. In the front Paris, April ranks of the faithful who followed the procession of the Holy Relics in the Cathedral of Notre Dame on Good Friday was Marshal Ferdinand Foch. It is estimated that over 10,000 men were present in the great church on the evening of Good Friday to nmke the Stations of the Cross aml hear the sermon of Father Janvicr, the fa- mous Dominican, who for twenty- three years has preached the Lenten sermons in the Cathedral of Paris. Although the service was for men only, a large crowd was turned away for lack of space. Following the tradition, the sacred relics of the metropolitan church were carried in procession. These rel- ics include a fragment of the True Cross and a part of the Crown of Thorns which were brought back from Palestine by I(ing St. Louis upon his return from a crusade. Other frag- ments of the True Cross and the Crown of Thorns are enclosed in the globe which supports the cross on the top of the spii'e which rises 95 meters above the gi'ound at the juncture of the great nave and the transepts. FRENCH DECISION / FAVORS CHURCH I Paris, ;;i'l" ;'9:2'?h*e "'uncil of [ State has annulled an anti-religious I decision rendered by the ntayor of the ] little town. of Corbie in Picardy for- bidding public religious ceremonies on the territory of the municipality. The pastor having referred the matter to administrative jurisdiction, the Council of State declared that the measure adopted by the mayor had not been imposed by the necessity of safeguarding order in the streets, that it exceeded his authority and was illegal. It was therefore annulled. AUSTRIAN PASSION PLAY AT ERL (g.F II, | @, a.  |savlcs! Vienna, April 26.--Austria's fam- ous Passion Play, which is to be pre- sented on twenty-eight days between May 7 and September 24, promises to rival that at Oberammergau in point of interest, though the attendance is not expected to be so large. This sa- cred drama is to be given at Erl in the Austrian Tyrol. Already Ameri- cans are arriving to witness the earli- or productions. One of these is Father Robert Swickerath, of Boston• Like the players of Oberammergau, the actors in the Erl Passion Play are all simple peasants, who have renew- ed the presentation of the drama this year after an interruption due to tha t war. The first proguctlon of the Erl ]Passion Play was that in 1565. POST OFFICE BANS PROPAGANDA FOR BIRTH CONTROL Washington, D. C., May 6.--Re- minders to 1)ostal officials and em- ployes that the transmission through the mails of information, directions, or devices intended to prevent con- ception is a criminal offense punish- able by a fine or imprisonment are contained in the latest bulletin issued by Dr. ltubert Work, new Postmaster General. This notice and warning to Dr. Work's subordinates comes as a coincidence, if not as a consequence, of the campaign begun by advocat of birth control immediately on hs  induction into office. The bulletin gives a conspicuous place and type to the caution it bears to postal inspectors, postmasters, clerks, carriers and other officials and employees to whom it is addressed- The language of the notice in the bul- letin is practically that of the Fed- eral statutes governing the use and prohibiting the abuse of the mails. Extracts from the statutes appear- ing in the official bulletin are as fol- lows: "It is a criminal offense to send or receive obscene or indecent matter by mail or express. The forbidden matter includes anything printed or written, or any indecent pictures, or any directions or drugs or articles for the prevention of conception. The of- fense is punishable by a fine of five thuosand dollars or five years in the penitentiary, or both. Ignorance of the law is no excuse." The Voluntary Parenthood League, which is one of the most active of the organizations seeking legal sanction for the spread of the doctrines and practices of the contraceptionists, has denounced Postmaster General Work for his attitude. In a circular letter distributed to members and supporters of the Par- enthood League, the organization re- quests that they "please notice how the new Postmaster General, Dr. Hubert Work, has thrown down the gauntlet." Continuing, this circular says: "Dr. Work is president of the American Medical Association. He showed hostility when we interviewed him last summer, and apparently time has not altered his feelings." Dr. Work is a medical authority of high rank in this country. In addition to being a member of the America Medical Association, he is a member and a past, president of the Medico- Psychological Association. He is a specialist in mental and nervous dis- eases. Both as Postniaster General and a physician, Dr. Work seems to be op- posed to the propaganda in behalf of neo-Malthusianism. ]PATRONIZE UR ISERS. LATEST CATHOLIC WORKS BOOKERY--309West00Second Street, Little Rock--BOOKERY "-'-" ......... 2,.-2; . ' -, ' M0" Popular Prayerhouk in English -, ,) Pra00¢r ikittton. oun- ,,oUo,. '.' '"wt"d By Rev. Henry S. Spalding, S.J. Marriags Mass, B Rev, F. X. LASANCK 702 pages, size, 5 • 3/i incbu It ts indeed a prayer-book that is "different." It takes prayer and medi- tation into the bracing air and sweet sunshine of God. BINDINGS--Seal grain cloth, sti c oer square comers, $1.25; imitation leather, unp. $1.50; real leathel', sold edges, $2.50. 8td pout.void on rsoelpt of orlee Ju.t Out SIGNALS FROM THE BAY TREE The Most Rev. Sebastian G. Mess- mer, Archbishop of Milwaukee, cele- By Rev. IL S. SPALDING, S.J. brated the pontifical high mass and 12an. cloth, net, $].5o Postpaid. S1.60 acted as consecrater. The co-consecra- With all the fascination of out-door tors were the Right Ray. Paul P. life and adventure of his other books, Rhode of Green Bay, Wis., and the, Father Spalding has added such novel- Right Hey. John T. McNicholas, of ty and mystery to this new story that it will be read wlth zest. emcoxmmrs Duluth. The Most Rev. Austin Down I with snakes and robbers provide some ing, Archbishop of St. Paul, delivered I very fln4111ngqadventures. the sermon, I Bishop Pinten. who was .00.on.00,BOOKER YII in Superior on Thursday, succeeds the ,. Most Rev. Joseph M, Koudelka, who * * died lut June. 12mo, cloth, net, $1.50 Postpaid, $1.60 The first book written for nurses explaining the Catholic interpretation of ethical questions. Nurses wlll find this book of the greatest help, and members of Catholic Sisterhoods, directing hospitals and tralning-schools, and physicians will find an answer for every moral question connected wlth medicine. The Lat.t Book by THE POTTER'S HOUSE 8co, cloth, net, $2.00 Postpaid, $2.15 The novel is a timely one, and In. tensely dramatic. It shows Miss Clarke's genius in a new and vivid light. With that sure touch of literary artistry that distinguishes all her work, she not only makes the Church's position on mar- rinse unmistakably clear, but pictures .the subject against a background of modem ideas with sympathy and mx- dmtmul. The Story-Book " By REV. F. J, FINN, S.J. 12too. cloth, net. $1.50. Postpaid. $1.60 Bobby Vernon, the hero of this de. lightful tale, is a distinctly new type. HIs many and varied adventures, as he wins his way upward on the ladder of movie fame, make absorbing reading for everyone. LITTLE PICTORIAL HVES OF THE SAINTS Adapted from REV. ALBAN B. BUTLER With Reflections for every dmy  the year m,cellent Illustrations. ful blndlna. It wlll take onky time daily to ariualnt yourself with the terestlng story of our aln t. Illustrat "a. net, $2.00; Postvald, $2.20. tlon wRhout tllustration,., net. $1.116; d $1.8s. Catholic Sul00lies