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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
May 13, 1922     Arkansas Catholic
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May 13, 1922

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V PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1922• illml Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIBTY of the Diocese of Little Rock 3o9 WEST SECOND STREKT ]t.mter as ond-class matter March az, tgx,, at the 1oo4Łe. at l..Rt Rock, Ark., under tile Act of Congress of March 3, ,879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $s.oo THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address is desired the eubseriber should give both Je old and the new address, CORRESPONDENCE Minter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us not "tit" than Wedouday morniog. Brie/ news correspondence ia &amp;lways waloome. The kindne ut the clergy in this matter is cordially appre. eittNL ICV. A. Stoeker, O. S. B., D. D ................ Editor-in-Chief . . }{. McDermott ........................ Managing Edito˘ All oommunications about "The Guardian" should be addreaoed to the Rer. Gco. II. McDermott, 309 West Second Street. OFFICIAL APPROVAI The Gtmrdian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, and I pray and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all io'o God tnst it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its Urear may be long and prosperous. JOIIN B. MORRIS, Bi0hop of Little Rock. Little Rock, Ark., May 13, 1922. OFFICIAL• BISHOP'S HOUSE Little Rock, Ark., May 9, 1922.. Reverend and Dear Father: Our late Pope, His Holiness Benedict XV, de- creed that a solemn celebration should take place on the three days preceding Pentecost, this year, in commemoration of the third centenary of the founding of the Propagandm I hereby direct that for three days above men- tioned there be a special 'rriduum of Thanksgiv- ing for the work done by this providential or- ganization during the three hundred years of its existence. We are indebted to it ourselves for the great .progress religion has made in this country since ,our Hierarchy was established, something over a ,century and a quarter ago. • On each day of the above mentioned Triduum, the Holy Father grants an Indulgence of 500 days and a Plenary Indulgence on Pentecost Sunday, under the usual conditions. These Indulgences are extended to apply to the souls in Purgatory: I hope the faithful will take advantage of this] opportunity and apply the fruits of the Indul- I gences to the Poor Souls. Yours sincerely in Christ, • JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. J. P. Fisher, Secretary. 0-0 Hospital week--let us show our thoughtful ap- preciation in some way of our worthy institutions• O-O Catholics have reason to be proud of the num- ber of Seminaries which the Church has for the purpose of training young men for the priest- hood, and of the generous support accorded to these institutions by the laity, but When it is re- called that 332 priests, 11 bishops and 1 abbot <lied in the United States last year, there is need for Seminaries to keep the supply of priests equal to the demand. .I 0-0 In their "coming out" letters, our Arkansas office seekers at the'ffext election, among their many self-qualifying credentials, have not as yet openly announced their 100 per cent K. K. K. standing. It is not necessary, gentlemen! The rank and file of the voters will mark you for what you are, and somehow or other, they will have your number on election day. Even with your masks on, we know that many of you are behind them for political purposes only; otherwise, you are quite decent citizens and if elected will send the regalia to the Kleagle rag bag. Its all in the game--go to it ! -,..,.,,LI- ........ ,. ,#f w* 0-4) ,"- :For the second time Preacher Harry G. Knowles of the First Christian Church, Little Rock, wins the blue ribbon for sensational pul- pS,earing. He was the single entree for last Mon- day's press publicity. He won his first blue rib- ben a few Mondays ao when he was reported as calling our judges "spineless" and advocating the necessity for Klansmen to mob--run law and order into our citizenry. For this seeming anar- daistic bellowing, we awarded him the "red rag" .as a premium. The red rag started him again last Sunday night. It was to be a fight to the finish, for the preacher knew that he 'had lost very many back- ers on account of hi, "spineless" proclamation. :He had to get good footing for the second on- slaught and ,therefore he advertised his sermon on • "Names," appealing 'to the Masons, Ku Klux, .Rotarians, Knights of Columbus, Odd Fellows, .Good Fellows, Elks and Eagles to come to his .church on Sunday and hear him dilate on a we he did the his long sermon short, we shall just say thai Preacher Knowles found good in all fraternal so- cieties and tried to prove their necessity in the community, with a special accent on Ku Klux wel- fare work after dark. He said that if the red flag was awarded to him, none of us need ever fear it again. So we presume the preacher will pin it under his 100 per cent American "Knightie" and continue in his purpose of co-ordinating to promote a better (?) feeling between the citizens of Little Rock. We have to congratulate the preacher on his broad shouldered Americanism and we are sorry when we see it all concealed by the 100 per cent American cotton shil and mask of Klanism. If the Jews, Catholics and negroes are giving our "Brother Harry" the Klansmania, we would rec- ommend him to take a tip from former State Sen- ator George Brown of Risen, Ark., who as a mem- ber of a Protestant Christian church, tells in an- other column of The Guardian of his distrust and disgust for those who fight with a hidden hand and a bitter heart. -O-O LABOR ENCYCLICAL'S ANNIVERSARY. The thirty-first anniversary of Pope Leo's Encyclical on the Condition of Labor happens on May 15• The utterence of the great Leo XIII, Pope and Statesman of immortal memory, has been the norm of Catholic social teaching since 1891, and has been the world's reliance on the true way of capital and labor to live and let live in the spirit of Christian love alld justice ever ! since. What Leo of blessed memory urged away back in 1891 is as necessary today as it was then and must be the foundation of all future settlements of a contention bound to show itself in this greedy world of ours, down the ages of work and wages. Describing the origin of the labor problem, Pope Leo tells how "it has come to pass that the workingmen have been surrendered all isolated and helpless to the hard-heartedness of employers and the greed of unchecked competition * * * so that a small number of very rich men have been able to lay upon the teeming masses of the labor- mg poor a yoke little better than slavery itself." To remedy this, Socialists propose "to do away with private property 'and contend that individual possessions should become the common property of all to be administered by the State or by munici- pal bodies." Pope Leo rejects Socialism because "the workingmen would themselves be the first to suffer," and because it "would rob the lawful; possessor, bring State action into a sphere no within its competence, and create utter confusion in the community." On government assistance, Pope Leo lays down the principle that "whenever the general interest or any particular class suffers or is threat- ened with mischief which can in no other way be met or prevented, the public authority must step in to deal with it." "The wage earners, who are undoubtedly among the weak and necessitous, should be specially cared for and protected by the t government." 'J Concerning hours of labor, the Pope says that in all labor agreements proper rest for soul and I body is necessarily included "for it can never be just or right to require on the one side,- or -to promise on the other, the giving up of those duties which a man owes to God and himself." Special consideration is given to miners, quarrymen, wo- men and child labor. Taking up wages, Pope Leo says that they are to be looked upon first ofall as the necesasry means of livelihood for the propertyless. Earlier in the Encyclical he says that "wealthy owners and all masters of labor should be mindful of this that to exercise pressure upon the indigent and the destitute for the sake of gain, and to gather one's profit out of the need of another is con- demned by all laws human and divine." In every wage contract "there underlies a dictate of nat- ural justice more imperious and ancient than any bargain betwee man and man, namely, that re- muneration ought to be sufficient to support a frugal and well behaved wage earner•" Pope Leo accepts collective bargaining as the usual ways to decide wages, and declares that the workers have the right to organize and that they need to organize. "Workingmen's associations should be so organized and governed as to furnish the best and most suitable means of attaining what is aimed at, that is to say, for helping each individual member to better his condition to the utmost in body, mind and property." Where anti- religious unions exist Catholic unions are recom- mended. On the extension of property ownership, Pope Leo says that the law "should favor ownership, and its policy should be to induce as many as pos- sible of the humbler class to become owners•" One result of this, says Pope Leo, would be to break down the two widely different castes of which one "holds power because it holds wealth" * * * has in its grasp the whole of labor and trade * * * and manipulates for its own benefit and its own purposes all the sources of supply," while the other is "the needy and powerless multitude broken down and suffering, and ever ready for disturbance." Classes would be brought closer and A RETURN qO NORMALCY• It may have come as a surprise to many Cath- olics that Rome abolished the National Catholic Welfare Council, as it did by a clecree of the S. Consistorial Congregation, approved by the Holy Father, of February 25, 1922. However, on closer examination, this means only a return to normalcy in handling the ecclesiastical affairs of this coun- try. During the war the National Catholic War Council had a reason for its existence, namely to more effectively co-ordinate the efforts of the Catholic Church in aiding the government in the momentous task of winning the war. The Coun- cil naturally came to feel its power, and it was but human to wish a continuation of the same, under the changed name of Catholic Welfare Council, after the emergency was over• But hu- man and divine currents do not always coincide• At any rate, all bishops of the United States did not think that the quasi dictatorship of the National Catholic Welfare Council was a thing desirable as a lasting institution. So it was at their instance that Rome spoke. We all remem- ber that in the political order, too, the war occa- sioned the centralization of power in the Execu- tive of the United States• Nor was it an easy matter to bring about the necessary decentraliza- tion after the war was over. But it had to be if the democracy of the country was to be saved• So had the abolition of the Welfare Council to be compassed, if the age-old constitution of the Catholic Church was to remain intact. The unit in the organization of the Catholic Church is the diocese over which a Bishop pre- sides. A number of dioceses coalesce into an ecclesiastical province with an Archbishop at its head, so however that the essential autonomy of the several dioceses is not interfered with. A national organization, such as the National Cath- olic Welfare Council implied, is not warranted by the constitution of the Catholic Church• By divine law the various bishops are directly under the jurisdiction of the Pope; by ecclesiastical law the Archbishop is an intermediary with a very limited jurisdiction for each province. Hence the Code of Canon Law provides for a Diocesan Synod every ten years, and for a Provincial Council: every twenty years. But a Plenary Council, say of all the Bishops of the United States, may be convened only with the permission of the Roman Pontiff and must be presided over by a Legate of the Holy See (Can. 281). That a Bishop has proper jui-isdiction in his diocese, but no Bishop or Archbishop over any other Bishop's diocese, appears from the fact, that diocesan statutes need no approval of Rome, while the decrees of Pro- vincial and Plenary Councils must be endorsed by the Holy See before they have legal force (Can. 291). From this it appears that the annual meet- ing of the Hierarchy in Washington, as provided by the N. C. W. C., had somethingof the abnormal about it. For legislative purposes, anyhow, it was absolutely useless• In a letter to his diocesans, under date of April 13, Bishop Brossart of Covington, Ky., drew the following conclusion from the Roman decree: "I deem it necesasry to inform the reverend pas- tors and people of the Diocese that the National Catholic Men's and Women's Councils are conse- quently dissolved. Each diocese will take such steps as it deems necessary, according to its cir- cumstances, for social service or other activities." (Quoted from Fortnightly Review of May 1). In the Diocese of Little Rock nothing has to be dis- solved, for the Catholic Lay Council of Arkan- sas has been strictly diocesan from the beginning and is now. S. O-O A DEBT OF GRATITUDE. As a motive to urge generosity on the part of American Catholics toward their now destitute brethren of Germany it has often been mentioned that, in days gone by, when the Germans had means, they helped the Church in America. This motive has heretofore been urged in a general way. Now The Catholic Historical Review of April, which just came to hand, furnishes some definite data on this matter in an article on the Ludwig-Missionsverin. While fragmentary, the article makes us realike that the contributions of this German missionary society, extending over a period of seventy-six years, were by no means insignificant. Says the article: "According to the statutes of the society it was North America which espe- cially during the first twenty-five years received the most assistance. Without counting travelling expenses which were given to misisonaries an@ members of religious orders engaged in mission- ary work in North America, the Church in North America was assisted with the sum of 3,339,343 marks. That many great and glorious things were accomplished with this sum is shown by the gratitude expressed by he American Episcopate assembled in two plenary councils, by individual bishops, by missionaries, by converts and by par- ishes." The above sum represents the contribu- tion of twenty-five out of seventy-six years, 1828- 1914, during which the society lent aid to the Church in America. It is true that the amounts in as the Church But m 1914 !,!, year before the war, the sum that came to Amer- ica from Bavaria was 15,255 marks, 2,100 of which found their way to Arkansas. It must be remembered that in those days four marks were equivalent to a dollar. However, it was not only with money that Germany succored the Church in America. "On July 1, 1847," to quote further from the article, "six poor school sisters of Bavaria, under the di- rection of their Mother-general, Teresa Gerhard- inger, took ship for America to establish the neW- ly founded Order on the other side of the ocean Again it was King Louis I who inspired this aJ d aided the erecting o: houses in Milwaukee and il Baltimore with 39,560 marks. Already the next year eleven more Sisters followed, and from the first three small institutions in MarysvilIe, Pitts- burgh and Baltimore there developed two large mother-houses with 182 convents. In theseare 1,694 Sisters, more than 60,000 children, among them 1,755 orphans, who receive instruction and training. This truly great accomplishment is, after the grace of God, chiefly the work and merit of the Ludwig Missionsverein, which generoUSlY assisted the good Sisters." As Dr. Schabert of St. Paul, the writer of tM article, says, all the details of the American ben factions of the Ludwig Missionsverein have not ,el been brought to light. But the total sum of them amounts to many millions in German coin- age. We may add that in those days the sacrifice of a mark was almost as much to a German as that of a dollar to an American• If then the Ger- mans continuel for seventy-six years to send us their hard-earned marks, it ill becomes us to lose our patience and close our purses because Ger- man begging has now continued for already four years ! S. COLLEGE ED UCA TION. In his first message to America, transmitted by the Associated Press, Pope Plus XI made a plea for higher education. After referring to his life,long connection with libraries and seats of learning, His Holiness said: "The university must be a shrine of learning" Its purpose should be to mould intellectual lead" ers and endow them with deep erudition, guided by the principles of faith. * * * Zeal, spirit and learning are forming the most important effort of achievement." It was with this conception of the functions of university training that the Department of Edu- cation of the National Catholic Welfare Council began its campaign for a Catholic College week in which the importance of higher education should be stressed. It is significant, however, that the .preliminary announcements of the Deprt- ment immediately attracted attention, were given wide publicity by the leading secular newspapers and provoked men of affairs of national promi- nence to public discussion of the value of a col- lege course• Among those who have contributed to this dis- cussion is Samuel Rea, president of the Pennsyl" vania Railroad. Mr. Rea, who is no a college graduate himself, having entered the service of the great system he now directs at the age of 15 years, has made a study of the education data in the official biographies of 163 leading officers and directors of the Pennsylvania Rainroad. He an- nounces that the record demonstrates conclusively that the young man who begins his work with a mind intensively trained by college education, haS a much greater chance of attaining a position of high responsibility and corresponding compensa- tion than has the young man without this advan- tage. Mr. George Reynolds, president of the Coo,in" ental and Commercial Bank, Chicago, says: "If fl my words have any weight, I would like to im- press on boys and young men one point: GO TO COLLEGE. I did not go; but I realize tha the man who has made a university course has a tremendous advantage over the boy who has to plod step by step through the hard school of ex- perience." Few people today question the need of a high school training. In twenty-five years the same unanimity of opinion will prevail regarding the necessity of a college education. If the Catholic boy or girl attends college for four years, profits by the training given therein in languages, mathematics, science and philoso- phy, comes out into the world ancf*is not a suc- cess, both material and spiritual, then we know about preparation for life is down, Success is not infallibly certain even a college graduate, but his chances are per cent better than those of the man. SPIRITUALISM. Conan Doyle, the distinguished fictionist, now in this country lecturing on spiritualism. secret of immortal life will never be by the Sherlock Holmes method. It will made known by those who claim to be able to the spirits of those departed back to earth, will be divined only by those who throug purity and sanctity of their own lives are into communion with