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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
May 7, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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May 7, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, MAY 7, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/i WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, t the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Oongtess of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year 'OFFICIAL DYOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese 0f Little Rock and 1 pray God that it may be an calmest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent degrader of the religion we all love so woU. I extend to it my blessing with the 8|ncara hope that its career may be ions and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINEJ MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should rcach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, S095 West and. Telephone 5488 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture rvica---Knishte of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Coundl, No. 1713_ 81R.00 Fort Smith Council, No. 996 ................... 22.00 Little Rock Council, No SlS ............ .00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443-. 17.00 BvtheMlle.Osceols. Council. No. 285"/ ....................... 12.00 Tcxarkana Council No 2650. 17.00 Pin Bluff Council, No. 1153 .............................. 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 ........... 12.00 Joneeboro Council, No. 1702 ......................... 12.00 MAY, 7, 1943 "It by liberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but it it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and detaining one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused myselt."--Frank/in. f 1 WHOSE FAULT? The marked increase in juvenile delinquency has roused up a great hue and cry. The pulpit, the bench, the press, alarmed at the danger threatening the nation's home front ask: "What is the matter with the youth today}" The answer to the question poses another: "What is wrong with the par- ents of today}" As Marcellus truly remarked to Hamlet's friend Horatio, "Something is rotten in the state of Denmark," 5o it is beyond question that the corruption in present day youth has it source in derelict parents. Mothers and fathers of today, in large numbers, are' not as they were in years past. In much that moment in which one is made to wish, to hope, to pray that it is at such a time that Niemoller might say: "You must an- swer to God for the crimes wrought upon His people and may God have mercy on your soul." But no. Niemoller was made to utter in raucous voice: "Father, do not forgive him for he knew what he was doing." We find it difficult to reconcile such baiting, such "hate mongering with the high aims for which we fight. We as Chris- tians endorsing such an attitude would find it hypocritical to pray "forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who tres- pass against us."'l"he Evangelist. ANGELS OF MERCY Because we hear so muchmsometimes too much--these days about "woman taking her place in the world," it is refresh- ing to note the work of women who have taken their places with God. Through prayer, self-sacrifice, observance of a holy rule of life, and countless good works, our Sisters, in their own characteristically quiet and effective manner, are daily winning souls to Christ. The visit to our office recently by Sister Teresa Miriam, a Sister of Charity of St. Elizabeth, who returned to her mother- house at Convent Station, N. J., in 1941 after nine years in China tells a story all by itself. Here is "another kind of wo- man," one who has given her life to working among the Chinese. Suffering privation, humiliation, and not to mention many in- conveniences, Sister is as happy as any one could be. Con- vincing proof that she is contented in her "profession" as one of Christ's emissaries to those unfortunite souls in the Orient. Having left all things--home, friends, all that human be- ing hold dear---Sister Teresa Miriam and all the other nuns of our many Orders follow the Master in a special way through a consecrated form of life. Mindful of the greatest and first commandment, their first attention is to God; then, because of their love for Him, they dedicate their daily labors to the spiritual welfare of the souls for whom Our Redeemer died. After several years of preparation and prayerful deliberation, Catholic women, moved by God's grace and animated by a supernatural desire to serve Christ in a special manner, dedicate themselves to God and the servie of His Church. Freely bind- concerns the home, times are changed. And the transformation is not for the better. In the real Christian home, religion Each one writes his own autobiography moment by morn- was never relegated to the background. Family prayer was ent, word by word, and action by action. And it can be read by the rule. Reading matter was strictly censored. Parents were friend or enemy just as it is produced. One's daily life adds scrupulously exacting in avoiding profanity and immodesty page to page until death put the final period.Rev. Paschal in speech. When it was a question of attending Church and Boland, O.S.B. , ,, ,, frequenting the Sacraments, they dldn t say go. By word The Act Of The Pure Love  ....... ---'"'" and example, they said "come.;' " Of God Ahd of Perfect PRAYER FOR CHAPLAINS Q ElliS TION B OX The search for such homes in present day life would not yield over fruitful results. Not only the sanctity, but the inti- macy of the family circle has departed. The home is more often a "quick lunch" counter. The wholesome companionship of parents and children has succumbed to the lure of the movie and even less savoury places of entertainment. The mad rush for the lush money offered by war industries is wreaking untold harm to family life and training of youth. Parental delinquency is largely responsible for problems presented by the youth. The younger generation is more sinned against than sinning; more to be pitied than blamed. If they are to be placed in the public pillory, some of the wood should be saved to use as a paddle on the parents. Until the heads of families awake to the duty and necessity of restoring the Notice--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name mnd COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Is The Church Declining Since Losing France, Germany, Etc.? We would be greatly interested to know on what authority this statement is made. According to the Catholic Almanac for the year 1943 quoting census figures for the year 1939 of a total population of 41,980,00 there were 29,000,000 Catholics in France... Germany, with a total population of 91,584,385, had a Catholic population of 45,000,- 000. Spain numbered approximately 25,000,000 Catholics in a popula- tion of 26,000,000. Despite war, persecution, and grave political in- terference, the Church is still carrying on her Divine Mission in these countries. There have been no rumors that the Church has been wiped out even in Germany. In fact we have had numerous in- cidents where Cardinal Van Faul- haber and other German Bish- ops have openly defied the Nazi Regime. Russia, even prior to the Soviet Regime, did not have a great Ca- tholic proportion of the popula- tion. What the religious status is in Russia today is rather difficult to determine.._ The major portion of the adult population must still have some adherence to the Rus- sian Orthodox Church. The only figures we can quote are those given by the Catholic Almanac which states out of a total popula- t/on of 170,000,000 there were 8,- 000,000 Catholics. The fact that the governments may become god- less or enact laws inimical to the Church does not mean that the Church has ceased to exist. Even if the Church was abolished or dissolved by a government de- cree, its extermination would not follow of necessity. In fact, hard- ship, persecution, and attack, gen- erally strengthen the Church and renew her apostolic vigor, What is the significance of the ing themselves to the observance of the vow of obedience to Easter Candle and five pieces of their superiors, of the angelic vows of chastity and the vow of wax in the form of a cross? the Christ-like virtue of poverty, our Sisters, by their very lives The large Easter or Paschal candle, which is blessed at the no less than by their good words, give to the world a much service of Holy Saturday, is used needed lesson in holiness, that day in the blessing of bap- tismal water. It is lighted dur- To the child in the classroom, to the aged poor, to the ing all Masses except requiems, on pain-wracked patient in the hospital, to the wayward, to the the gospel side of the sanctuary ,, during the paschal season and ignorant, to the spiritual and physically afflictedto all, even symbolizes Christ, the Risen Say- to these, the least of my brethren"our Sisters are truly angels iour and the Light of the World. of Christ's mercy. Wax is spotless and typifies Christ's spotless body. The wick enclosed in the wax is an image of His soul. The candle flame is Sorrow For Sin Say the following prayers-of- ten, and mean it with all your heart. Memorize it, so you can repeat it frequently, especially in moments of danger. Those who will say this prayer .incerely and believe in the revelation of God, that He exists, and rewards the good and punishes the wicked, will make an act' of pure love and perfect sorrow for si. This act obtains forgiveness for sins, for which we are sincerely sorry, and which we are resolved not to commit again. Hence, in times of danger, each of us should make this act of Pure Love and Sorrow for sin, with great earn- estness and sincerity. Remember, that God is infinite- Christian home, the feet of youth will continue on the paths ly lovable and that our hearts that lead to destruction. The future citizens of the nation can were made to love God, that we only be as good or bad as they are reared from childhood. UN-"CHRISTIAN" HATE Dear Lord be good to all our priests who are serving our beloved country as chap- lains. Let them be to our men models of unselfishness, self control and holiness. Give them the grace to help our men tO live holily, to suffer patiently and to die bravely if that is their lot. Dear Lord, King of Peace, hear our prayers while the war lasts, but do grant us peace soon. Amen. St. 5oseph, who was that per- fect man who sinned not by his words, teaches us to say little and that little with prudence. should love Him above all things, We should at least spend as because He is so good in Himself much time in thanking God for and most worthy of our love. Re- His favors as we have slent in eolve to do all that God wills, asking for them. Then, looking up to your Father St. Vincent de Paul. in heaven, say this prayer with great fervor and mean it will all : u your heart: Our Lord tries those who are "MY GOD I LOVE YOU, BE- generous. He is often disappoint- CAUSE YOU ARE SO GOOD: ed in our trust that He eagerly AND I AM SORRY FOR ALL MY seeks for a soul whom He can try, SINS, BECASE I LOVE YOU." and rejoices when He finds one. a figure of the Divine nature united to" the human one in one Divine PersOn. The five pieces of wax're- sembling nails, each holding a grain of incense, inserted in the paschal candle are symbolic of the Five Wounds of Our Risen Sav- iour. I have been asked this ques- tlonIs is unjust that the whole human race should become cor- rupt because of the sin of one man?--.C.L. If this were true it certainly would be unjust. But the Catholic Church never taught that human nature has been corrupted by the sin of Adam-weakened, fallen, prone to sin--yes, but not totally corrupt. Luther taught the doc- trine of total corruption, i. e., that human reason is incapable of un- derstanding even moral Cruths, free will destroyed, the very sub- stance of man changed into evil. This doctrine was condemned by the Catholic Church. Accord- dng to Catholic teaching man has not lost his natural faculties: by the sin of Adam he has been de- prived only of the Divine gifts to which his nature had no strict right, the complete mastery of his passions, exemption from death, sanctifying grace, the vision of God in the next life. The Creator, whose gifts were not due to the human race, had the right to be- stow them on such conditions as He wished and to make their con- servation depend on the head of the human fnrni]y. e The Song of Bernadette .:. One of the inspiring compensations for us Americans in the present total war has been the realization that we have been given the opportunity to repay in some measure the beneficence which a kindly Providence has showered upon us. We are fighting, according to the assurance of our leaders, as we have always fought, for principle which in the words of some inter- pretgrs is that there may come "a better world in which to live," that there may disappear from the earth the hate, the bitter- ness, the age-old revengeful rivalries that have made this new holocaust of suffering necessary. Into this struggle we as Catholics are daily bringing our prayers that God may make us worthy of the privileged service that is offered to us in whatever capacity we serve. To us this is also a blessed duty, an obligation for which one day an ac- counting must be rendered. In the light of the conception of our opportunity and our -duty we find it difficult to reconcile certain so-called helps to our morale or fighting spirit. We are being confused by such directives as a recent semi-official pronouncement which would tell us that we must learn to hate if we are to be effective in the present conflict, that the turning of one's cheek and the Chris- tian forgiveness of enemies is out of place in the light of the battle we .must wage to win. We are further confused by a type of radio program de- signed to raise our fighting spirit by parading in dramatic fash- ion before us as jury, the benighted leaders of the Axis nations. In a recent program, Gearing, Goebbels and Himmler are tried by being made to revisit the scenes :of their diabolical cruelties to the "little people" of the conquered countries. In a particularly climactic part of the sketch Himmler is made to visit a church. Once inside he seems to find respite from a howling mob of accusers left outside, until he is startled to see coming down the able towards him in a wheelchair the crip- pled figure of Pastor Niemoller. It is a moment of suspense, a If a person has committed a grievous sin, but sincerely re- pents, confesses the sin and re- ceives absolution, will tha sin be made known on the last day?--L. B. The Church has not dogmatical- ly defined whether sins, forgiven in the Sacrament of Penance, will be made known on the Last Day. It is, however, the more common opinion of the theologians, that all sins, also those 1:orglven in con- fession, will be made manifest on the day of judgment. But this revelation will bring no embar- rassment of shame to the elect. It will rather disclose the mercy and kindness of God and the repent- ance and the penance of the now saved sinner. Does the Church teach that Judas Iscariot is damned? The Church teaches that those who die in mortal sin are con- demned to hell, but never does she single out any man as damned. Even in the case of Judas, where all the circumstances of his death give very grave reasons to fear the orst and to show that he died in his sin, for the Gospel tells us (Cf. Matt. "xxii:5) "And after casting down the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed and went and hanged himself with a halter" still the Church, in her wisdom, has never pronounced sentence on him, but leaves him to the merciful and just judgment of God. Why is it that scientists reject mlracles?M. S. The greatest scientists of all ages have accepted miracles as facts. The most learned men that the world has ever seen, being men of logic and common sense, believe in both the possibility and the fact of miracles. Those half- baked scientists who believe in nothing more than matter and force declare that a miracle is im- possible. One who believes in God must believe in the possibil- ity of miracles. I've heard our altar boys some- times being called acolytes. What does the name mean? The word 'acolyte" comes from the Greek and means an attend- tat, a follower. In the strict sense it refers to the highest of the minor orders in the Catholic Church. The chief duties of this office are : to light the candles on the altar and to carry them in procession and during the solemn singing of the Gospel; to pre- pare wine and water for Holy Mass and to assist the ministers at Mass and' other public services of the Church. Very frequently though we hear the word "acolyte" used as another name for the ordi- nary altar boy. Is there a spiritual relationship that prevents marriltge between the sponsor and one of the parents of a child? No. Spiritual relationship is contracted between only the child baptized and the one who is legal- ly a sponsor, and between the child and the one who administers the Sacrament of Baptism. The latter point is important in the case of Baptism in case of neces- sity, when anyone who has the use of reason and wishes to do what the Clurch intends in Bap- tism administers the Sacrament. l00ural 00::atholic .ommittee of the ' : South by Rev, Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan What's Wrong With In an article which in the Review "America" L. G. Ligutti asks "what's with farmers; why don't duce more? Why do they higher prices? Why agree among themselves? are questions of the city They have a right to and they should have a reply. The Bureau of tural Economics and census cleariy shows that AmericaB culture is able to produce more food by using its tillable acreage, labor machinery. Per cent of possible in farm production if credit, marketing and ment assistance are Region 1, New Pa., N. J. Md., Del .... Region 2, Mich., Wis., Region 3, Ohio, Ind., Ill., Me., Regional 4, Ky., Tenn., N. C., Region 4, Ky., Tenn., Region 6, Ark., Miss., IS. Region 7, Karts., Neb., N.D. Region 8, Texas, Okla., Region 9, Cal., Utah, Region 10, Mont., Wyo., Relional 11, Wash., Ore., Region 12, Ariz., N. Meg., U.S. Total 14 Southern States All other States Why scarcity of food United States? There are O00 farms in the U. S. roughly be divided into groups of 2,000,000 each. per third possesses the capital, credit ing power, maclinery, and the marketing facilities. are the industrialists factories in the fields. sess the good and bad of the typical trialist. This group chinery replacement bile force of farm hands up their production. The tion of this one-third of farms is at the top. The third of the 6,000,000 less productive capacity of poorer soil, inferior ment, improper credit and eting facilities. A credit Management and marketing aids and increase the livestock, possible better tilling and thus enhance the the soil and I rise. Help must come enable them to produce boost production. What has been said of tBe: dle third can be said of est third with greater on the disadvantages. Th to help in the war effort, the opportunities for They need credit. If 'ernment builds and ordnance plants and out to private concerns for ]y rental, why could not ernment buy p cows that ing sold for-slaughter them out to farmers for a fair shares? Milk is an weapon. According to the Agriculture Economics sus studies, under ers could increase their tion over 1942, so that could have available on ket not less than worth of milk, pork, chickens, soybeans, See RURAL on Page :':': Book-of-the-Month .:. *BY FRANZ W| ILLUSTRATIONS BY HAROLD "Bernadette! Bernadette," Marie cried. "I saw a lady . . ." Bernadette evaded their prying questions. "I want to go back . . . ::i ERNADET'I SOUBIROUS is still kneeling on the soul Is one bohudless yearning to speak of her lady. But As the girls start on the long path homeward, aJ rubble outside the grotto of Massabielle when her. in her heart she knows that unpredictable things will dette refdses to answer any of the prying questi sister Marie and Jeanne Abadie return to her; Marie heppen if she yields to this temptation, aro hurled at her. Suddenly she throws drops her load of wood in fright when she sees her sister. "What happened '' Marie asks. "Are you all'right?" "I'm so frightfully tired! Let's rest!" She For Bernadette is pale as a corpse. On her petrified little Bernadette takes a deep breath. "I'd like to tell you head into the very dampneSs of the earth. Let face, from which no breathing seems to come, lies a smile something, but Mother mustn't hear of it. She'd take a com,.and the cough and the lack of breath. It is blissful and withdrawn, such as Marie had once seen-on, stick to me." Bernadette's voice shakes. Inexprssible-ts to her. The other two sit down next to her and s the face of a neighbor who had died. the sweetness of revealing for the first time the mystery her impassioned face in astonishment. After B 'Bernadette! Bernadette!" Marie cries, of that encounter. words are wrung from her. No answer The kneeling girl has not heard. "I saw a 'lady all in white with a blue girdle and a Terror seizes Marie. Her voice trembles. "Oh, maybe golden rose upon each foot..." In ecstacy she listenS to "I want to go back to Massabielle... she is dead... Oh, Blessed Virgin, the asthma has killed her own words. But Marie is seized with a rage againSt Jeanne Ahadie winks. "Maybe you believe her!" her. "Don't I know you?" Marie says. "You want to lady of yours is waiting for you there?" "I But now Bernadette raises her head and looks about scare us! But you won't scare me today with your silly is," Bernadette says. her. Slowly the color of life returns to her cheeks. Her lady in white . . ." (Continued Next Week) Drawings copyright, 1943, by King-Features Syndicate, Inc. Text opyrisht 1942 by The Viking Press, Inc. Distributed by King Features Syndicate |n co-operation with the Book.of.the.Month