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May 7, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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May 7, 1943

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Jhe future of society is in the .t. of mothers"--Beaufort. replied Madam Campan. said Napolean, "here is a -m. of education in one word." 8nor lUodern world has been y- e W various systems of eduetuono 0,j!bey have-failed. The world 9!H. awthers. There is a silver in the dark cloud that at 1./,at encompasses the world. It lv ule celebration of Mother's M/ The present generation to consider the meaning of ILmerhood. It has been debased |]laeloralized by the very ones |.ShOUld cherish and support |,S e Women themselves. In ,,,,,,. II llan women were destined t me moulders and leaders of otlgh the sacred office of aOod. All the great men , imst bear witness to the :rat they were exalted by n.m_thers. Lincoln is but one ymy who said that he owed at he ever was to his angel . The devil has been very E e  recent times. His partic- les-Objective has been to per- ml9: the mothers to abandon Shrines. Like all the handi- f the arch fiend this lat- Ptation offered to woman- a been highly embellished lY00g prospect. u equality with men that ee .Sed. This shucks ery i r the original temptation  offered to Eve. The '| mised her equality with Nlse women know tha o success in business, no leee of art or science that Pare with the production ht and virtuous children. /,me mothers of men have e--/Itdocing in the quiet of the ,, nere has been no fan but there r,waw,vf,ll:,. Ys will be the blessing aUd the everlasting gratl the human race. Man- ).ks With trepidation upon aele of the broken home. ew that ff the women of 'ld forsake their ;lust and :it"VOcationiv the begetting !ng of children that the ,'.Zndeed in sad straits. , Mother's Day. Men 'ted to honor their moth- Qey living or dead, but n can repay their an kind. They can car- Fleat work that is prep - motherhood. Faust, Mephlstop- to the Lord. "I this lordly creature man. Life some- might content him, gleam of heavenly Thou hast lent him: Reasonthenco his to be far beast- beast." The official that the Japanese sanctioned the execu- American aviators who Prisoners, has caused in this coun- American press has and loud about re- revenge. After a Period the American realize that the Jap- understand neither nor any other Japaanese are with- principles by which are normally gay- When they have no It ts im- with such people dUo a popular expres- not talk our lan- Japs have only one is treachery. The take a long time this. In the mean- lOple of this nation from this tragedy, how depraved hu- become. We must nqt only to keep our shores, hut the aggression of this country. It is to our national can make Americans beasts" also. /n- is devoid of can produce the iere that have been Span and Germany. that the people pause in their mad that it can hap- we have had of public educa- moral training. It tell on us in the the sanctity of the public propaga- suicide. What are to the God us and preserved nation? How long endure or keep nations under [l,ltl,t tlhonPaened to baseball, :te game? The big :!% t -are plylng to mere i'_, te crOwds that used /]p- ' _oall. That is not .ttat].'_ne People dld not 'PI]" .W-"  ay to see whether .--"  aead or not. Besides / THE OFFICIo, ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK OVER THE TOP V00000R, UNITED STATU WAR BOaDS.STAMPS Volume XXXlI :'. LIT'FLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, MAY 7, 1943 NO. 18 i H0 Improvement InT00 00o00/00000000dministrati0n In Russia 7o00s00, ,Church Asp00 s ,lu,isdictiops In Serves To Emphasize :5oviet Area Vacant Soviet Secretiveness WASHINGTON LETTER By Elmer Murphy VC'ashington.At least some sections of the secular press, commenting upon the rift in diplomatic relations between the Republic of Poland and Soviet Russia, have left the impression that it is only in recent days that Poland has sought to discover what happened to the thousands of Polish officers who, it is now declared, were slaughtered nearly two years ago. As a matter of fact, the Poles have sought earnestly to learn the fate nothing to improve the situation. Indeed it deepens the suspicion on the part of many that there is something to hide. Moreover, it is not only the question of what happened to the Polish officers that is involved, but also the fate of thousands of women and chil- dren who were driven from their homes in Poland. The Polish Government in Ex- ile has just issued a statement af- firming "their policy aiming at a friendly understanding between Poland and Soviet Russia on the basis of integrity and full sov- ereignty of the Polish Republic, which was and continues to be supported by the Polish nation." "The Polish Government and people," the statement also says, "look to the future. They appeal in the name solidarity of the Unit- ed Nations and elementary hu- manity for the release from the U. S. S. R., of thousands of fam- ilies of the Polish armed forces, engaged in the fight or preparing of these officers from the earl- iest time that touch was lost with them. With the Polish Govern- ment- in- Exile asking from London that the International Red Cross investigate the cir- cumstances, and German propa- gandists charging that they were slain by the Russians, there has developed this strange pheno- menon: While no one seems to doubt that the Polish officers were viciously slaughtered, a great many people get violently angry when the Poles suggest an impar- tial investigation into how they met their deaths. All of this throws into striking relief Russia's reputation for secretiveness. It call to mind at once the fact, observers here note, that Russia is the only country in which it is impossible for any other authority to obtain an in- terchange of information and ser- vices in behalf of war prisoners. in Great Britian and the Middle East to take their part in the fight, and tens of thousands of Polish orphans and children for the education of whom they would take full responsibility and who nw--in view of the German mass slaughterare particularly prec- ious to the Polish people." The Polish Government-in-Ex, fie also says that it was with a consciousness Of the need for unity among the Allies that "they were the first to approach the Soviet Government with the proposal for a common understanding in spite of the many tragic events which had taken place from the mom- ent of the entry of the Soviet armies on the territory of the Re- public on September 17, 1939." In sharp contrast to this calm appraisal of the situation is the translation of an editorial in Pravd in Moscow, organ of the Communist Party. The editorial has a strident tone throughout, admits that it was Russia that broke off with Poland; speak of "the treacherous behavior of the Polish Government toward the Soviet Union" and declares that See POLISH on page 5 It calls to mind, too, the follow- ing: Russia has steadily refused the International Red Cross the right to supervise the distribution of relief in Soviet territory. It per- mits an official of the Internation- al Red Cross to be on hand to re- ceive relief supplies brought in from the outside, but it restricts the distribution of these supplies to an organizational set-up that is closely tied in with the Soviet Government. The American diplomatic rep- resentative has recently seen fit to complain, in Russia, against that Gvernment's refusal to let the pedple of the U. S. S. R., know the extent o lend-lease aid the Russians are receiving from the United States. United Nations military obser- vers have long and steadily com- plained that the Russians would not permit them near the front lines to observe the quality of the troops, materials and tactics of the common enemy, Germany. Thus this latest attitude of re- pression of information or im- partial investigation, on the part of the Sovieb Government, doe Brother John, Searcy Celebrated 25th has made it pas- ta be "beastlier than They can, be trained they must berights andtraJn'dut- Anniversary, May 3rd Searcy.On Monday, May 3rd, Morris School for Boys was the scene of great jubilation. That day marked the twenty- fifth anniversary of the entrance into the Franciscan Brother- hood of the popular and efficient superior of the Searcy con- vent, Brother John. The diocese, the brotherhood and the citizenry of Searcy united in a celebration which equalled any in the annals of the institution. Twenty-five years ago, Aloys Meier had dedicated his life to a Franciscan ideal, the vocation of a Poor Brother of St. Francis devoted to the education of youth. Henceforth he was known as Brother John. Faithfully and well has Brother John observed the holy rule he then embraced. Dur- ing this period many a confrere was inspired to make a little greater sacrifice as he watched Brother John's example of un- stinted effort in the training of boys. The past eight years have found our jubilarian at the pop- ular Morris School for Boys, named after Our Most Reverend Bishop. Members of the school's faculty wished to show apprecia- tion of the sterling qualities of their superior, and found Bishop Morris heartily'in accord with their plan of arranging an ap- propriate celebration. According- ly, Monday's celebration brought to the school no less than twenty- five representatives of the Diocese. At. 9:30 A. M., a Solemn High Mass was sung "curare Episcopo" for the jubilarian by a warm friend of the Brothers, Rev. O. P. Butterbach of Wiener, Arkansas. Besides the Most Reverend Bish- op, this Auxiliary, and Rt. Rev. Abbot Paul, O.S.B., the following Monsignori and priests were pres- ent: Rev. J. Bann, deacon; Rev. Two characteristic poses of His Holi'ness Pope Plus XII as he ap- pears when addressing audiences. The Holy Father has resumed his public audiences, following his recent illness. (N.C.W.C.) F 00establiSh Virtue, Religion Radio Spt00aker Urges, Toronto. (E)A "drooping and bleeding world" today .is paying the price for a philosophy which excluded God from the major activi- ties of man, but there is hope that "virtue and religion i the world" can be re-established, the Rev. Dr. Daniel MacCormack, of the Ex- tension Department of St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, N.S., asserted in an Easter Sunday address on the Trans-Canada Catholic Hour. Dealing with the subject, "Working With God," Father MacCor- mack said: "We need to bring God back into human affairs. We have in a great measure excluded Him from the major activities in which man spends most of his waking hours. Business, educa- tion, politics and social activities occupy most of this time. This is on the plea that the doctrine of the lowly Nazarene is not prac- tical. The modern man thinks business cannot be run on lines of strict justice and charity and be successful. In many cases he is the victim of circumstances in this regard. It is not that  he would like to be crooked, but the very world in which he lives makes it difficult for him to be anything else. If moral reform is to be effective in society it must be precisely in these three major social activities." Father MacCormack continued: "We are paying the price for this philisophy. We behold a droop- ing and bleeding world. Black night is upon us. Might and brutality have threatened to trample down all the fine things of life which we cherish. The prospect of re-establishing virtue and religion in the world looks black at the moment. Yet there is hope. This is Easter Sunday. This is the day on which we cele- brate the Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ. It is the triumph of righteousness. When man had done his worst, Christ, despising any human means, as if to show us the omnipotence of God, breaks through from the tomb. This is as if He wanted to tell us that in the last analysis, virtue will always riumph. We can take heart because we know that God is powerful enough to make it so. The history of the last 1,900 years, with all its ups and downs, bears witness to the truth of this." Papal Year Book Brings Out, Facts Despite Religious Freedom Avowal ' Washington. (E)--The avowed "freedom of religion" in Soviet Russia has caused no improvement with respect to the ecclesiastical administration of the Catholic Church in that country, copies of the Annuario Pontlticio, or Papal Yearbook, for 1943, just received here, reveal. The six ecclesiastical jurisdictions of European and Asiastic Rus- sia are still entirely vacant, and so are in fact the 13 ApostOlic Ad- Schools Adopt Merit Plan For Advancement Montreal. (l{:)  The Montreal Catholic School Commission is leading the way for Canada by adopting a system already in vogue in some larger United States citiesa merit plan for the ad- vancement of teachers. Under the plan as submitted by Treffle Belanger, the director of studies, examinations will be held every three years and appoint- ments to advanced and higher salaried positions will depehd on these results with years of service and general efficiency also taken into consideration. The 100-point examination will comprise 50 points for a teach- er's record, 30 points for a writ- ten examination and 20 points for a personal interview. A jury of three from the com- mission's teaching personnel will correct thewritten tests, and an- other jury of three will decide the personal interviews. An eligibilib/ list will be pro- vided for all candidates with a percentage of 60 or over, and will" remain in force for three years. Candidates who fail twice are not eligible for further tests. Catholics Second Largest Religious Group In Ontario Ottawa. () Catholics formed the second largest religious group in Ontario in 1941, year of the last census, according to figures just released by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. The Catholic in- crease over the census of 1931, !however show the largest figure. The various religious groups, with the 1931 figures in brackets, follows: United Church of Canada, 1,- 073,425 (973,768) ; Catholic Church, 882,369 (744,740); Angli- can Church, 815,413 (764,130) ; Presbyterian Church, 433,708 (450,664); Baptist Church, 192,915 (171,305); Lutheran Church, 104- 111 (97,022) ; Jewish, 69,217 (62,094). Catholics form the largest re- ligious group in the population of Ottawa, the Canadian Capital. Of a population of 154,951 there are 76,607 Catholics. The population of Quebec was 3,331,882, which was an increase of 457,627, as compared with the previous census in 1931. The Catholic population in 1941 was 2,984,621 and the non-Catho- lic population 411,095. The principal non-Catholic de- nominations with their 1931 totals in brackets follows: Anglicans, 162,056 (149,483); United Church of Canada, 100,196 (88,253); Y:res- byterians 50,086 (59,532); Jews, 65,683 (59,736). ARMY CHAPELS--AT HOME AND OVERSEAS J. Nugent, subdeacon; Rev. J. Murray and Rev. Walter Tynin, master of ceremonies;; Rev. Ft. Justin, O.S.B.; Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Gaffney, Rt. Rev. Msgr. Joseph Gallagher, Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis Allen, Rt. Rev. Msgr. John Healy, Rt. Rev. Msgr. Her- man Wernke, Very Rev. Msgr. John Shepper, Very Rev. Msgr. Thomas Keany, and the Reverends Joseph King, Thomas Reynolds, Joseph Feldkamp, Edwin Hem- men, Lawrence Maus, John Mul- ligan, Joseph Burns, and Joseph Hoflinger. Bishop Morris delivered an en- lightening talk in which he first traced the history of the institu- tion starting with the heroic pioneer efforts of its first super- ior, Brother Anthony, and ending with the very successful incum- bency of the jubilarian. He pointed out, that while many a handicap had been over come by the zealous superiors, much more will be accomplished in this great work of the Brothers if they are given wholehearted support of all, Catholics and non-Catholics. Ap- proximately hone-half the en- rollment is non-Catholic. As evidence of the esteem in which he holds Brother John, he had procured for him a special See BROTHER JOHN cm page A contrast in altars for post chapels is found in these two recently dedicated for the use of our armed forces. Left, the beautiful Catholic altar at the Post Chapel, U. S. Marine Barracks, Quantico, Vs., Father James P. Rice, C. SS. R., of Baltimore, Chaplain. Right, the altar in the tent chapel of "Our Lady of Perpetual Help," set up at an Army post on an island somewhere in the South Pacific lather Edward A. Moltoy, C. SS. R., of Somerville, Ma., Chaplain. (N,C,W,C.) ministrations set up by the Vati- car in 1926 when the Communists refused to tolerate the presence of a Bishop. There is only one change in the Russian picture since the N.C.W.C. News Servtce's report on the 1941 Aunurio: the Rev. Michael Juo- dokas, Apostolic Administrator in Kazan, Samara and Simbirsk, reported then as having been in prison since 1929, is now listed as exiled in Lithuania. Msgr. Augustine Baumtrog, Apostolic Administrator of the Volga, and Msgr. John Ruth, Apos- tolic Administrator of the Cau- casus,,are still listed as "in prison for the Faith since August, 1930." The Rev. Dr. Stephen Demurof, Vicar ad interim for Tiflis and Georgia, and Msgr. Carapet Dir- lughian, Vicar ad interim for Armenian Catholics throughout Russia, who were reported in 1941 as "nothing is known," are still listed without residence or other information in the current Papal Yearbook. (The book called "The Truth Concerning Religion in Ruesia" which has been circulated abroad by the Soviet Government---and the truth of which has been de- nied in a "counter-preface" "by a person intimately conversant with the religious situation in Russia-- deals with relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Government and does not concern the status of the Catholic Church in Russia.) LMt Russian Ordinary ! Until the time  his death, July 25, 1939, the Most Rev. Edward de Ropp was listed in the An- nuario as Archbishop of Mogilev; but as a matter of fact he had been imprisoned in 1919, then exiled, and from 1926 on his address was given as Warsaw. He was the last Ordinary of a Russian See. The Most Rev. Joseph Kessler, Bishop of Tlraspol, who was liv.. ing in exile in Germany from 1926 on, was transferred to the Titular See of Bosporus in 1930 and died December 9, 1934. The most Rev. Peter Mankowski, Bishop of Kamenets, found exile at Wlodzmierz, Poland, and' was transferred to the Titular See of Eno in 1926. He died on-April 8, 1933. The Most Rev. Ignatius Dubowski, the last Bishop to oc- cupy the See of Zhnitonir, was transferred to the Titular See of Philippopolis in Arabia in 1925 and is now domiciled at Rome. He is the only former Russian Or- dinary still living. The Most Rev. Sigismund Lozinki, who was Bishop of Minsk until 1925, was transferred to the Polish See of Pinsk remaining, however, Apos- tolic Administrator of Minsk, us- till his death on March 26, 1932. The record as to the Apostolic Administrators to whom the Rus- sian Diocese were entrusted in 1926, is a series of imprisonments and exiles. As listed in the 1943 Annuarlo, the story reads: Apostolic AdministratOr of Archdoicese of Mogilevthe Most Rev. Boleslao Sloskan, Titular Bishop of Cillio, imprisoned Au- gust 10, 1927, then sent to Siberia, now exiled and domiciled at Riga. Apostolic Administrator of Mos- cow-the Most Rev. Pie Eugene Neveu, Titular Bishop of Citro, could not be exiled because of his French nationality, but was not permitted to remain in Russia. He resides at Paris. Auxiliary Apostolic Adminis- trator for Leningradthe Most Rev. Theophilus Matulionis, Tit- ular Bishop of Matrega, was ap- pointed in December, 1917, ira- See RUSSIA on page 5 OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT His Excellency, the Mo Rev. erend Bishop will adm/nister :the Sacrament of Confirmation on the following dates, May 23 at St. Paul's Chureh, Poeahontas, fo Poeahontaa, Fax- gelberg and KnobeL June 13 at St. Andrew's Othedrtl for  the pariahes of Little Rock.