Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 29, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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April 29, 1911

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Page Eight Mr. Isadore Besser The Ladies Tailor of Little Rock wishes to an- nounce that he has succeeded in securing two experienced man tailors from the East to assist him, and is now prepared to turn out on short notice Ladies Tailored-to-Order Suits &Skirts. A swell line of cloths to select from. We guarantee all garments made by Mr. Besser to be satisfactory, because they are characterized by superior quality, correctness of style, artistic workmanship & perfection of fit. "Once your tailor he's always your tailor." Your order is solicited. ROW IT WORKS IN THE GERMAN EMPIRE. "There Are Twenty-Five States To- day in the German Empire, Every One of Them :Autonomous, Every One of Them With Its Own Par- liament and Executive, Wherein .All Local Affairs Are Transacted Inde- pendently of the Control or Influence of the German Imperial Parliament.' ' mJOHl REDMOND. In a special article on "Home Rule in the German Empire," in Reynolds' Newspaper," London, John E. Red- mend tells as fellows how the experi-] ;:l$1nfs :Ii12: coantries strengthens ! [ It used to be oae of tlin common- places of argmnent against ttomc Rule] that the tendency of the modern worhl was toward increased centralizatioib and against extension of local l)ower and authority or the granting of au- tonomy. That argument has lost its value during the progress of the last twenty years. The Granting of Home Rule to the Boers After a Three Years' War. In the British empire itself, the ten- dency during all that time has been unmistakably in the direction of de- centralization, the widening of loc,d control, and the concession of auton- omy. During that :period no fewer than five ltome Rule constitutions and full responsible government have been creatc,I within the British empire. The youngest of these states was bhat crc- atcd in Sbuth Africa, where a full sys- tem of home rule was established imme- diately after three years' war, and Porch Furniture UR New Spring Line of Porch Furniture is now ready for your inspection. We have some splendid patterns in Rockers, Chairs, Settees and Swings that you will find to be very comfortable for these pretty spring evenings. You will find that the Rush Seat Furniture is far superior, from a standpoint of durability and comfort, to any other styles of porch furniture. You will find that it pays to buy only good furniture for your porch, for it must re- main out doors, and unless it is well constructed, and made of seasoned material, it will fall to pieces. Do not delay your visit. Come today. Arkansas Carpet and Furniture Co. "The House that Quality Built" Open an Account With Us Today. Phone 573 Sixth and Main Streets Reed Grocery Co. 900 PARK AVENUE CHOICE GROCERIES Fresh Vegetables Daily Your Smallest Want Promptly Attended GIVE US A TRIAL OLD PHONE 1522 CUT OH THIS LIHE AHO MAIL TODAY Subscription Order 1911 CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY 315 W. Markam St., Little Rock, Ark. Kindl send THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN to m address for one year. I enclose herewith $1.50 in payment of same. I will remit for same on.. 191 ! grew mark through line nnt applicable SIgned Address THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN which has ah'eady produced such bles- sed results. The Duke of Connaught, in his re- cent speech in London, drew a vivid l)icture of the results following from Sir Henry Campbell-Baunerman's concession of home rule to the Boers. lie said: "The march of events has been won- dcrfnl indecd. Let us think of South Africa of the past, of the sad pages of her history, and then of her present, of her appearance in conference as one of the sister states, and of the great duty she has imposed upon herself of playing a noble and rightcous part in moulding the policy of the empire In time to come .... I will go fur- thor and say for South Africa that she will gradually forgct everything in the past except the lessons learnt. that with the wisdom of experience gained and Union achieved she has steadfastly set her face toward de- velopment, prosperity and greatness, and, finally, thqt she will be prepared, whenever and wherever occasion de- mands, to take her full share of re- sponsibility for the maintenance of the eo-partnorrship of nations, bound together as they are by the closest ties of mutual regard amt strong:self-in- terest under the sovereigney of the king. '1 Even in India, though the steps there have 4leon halting, timid and slow, a beginning has been made of the extension of popular rights. Outside of the British Empire Repro- sentat/ve and Responsible Govern, ment Has Sprung Into Existence. Outside the British Oral)ire represen- tative and responsible government has sl)rung into existence in the most un- expected quarters, and everywhere with the most satisfactory results. A Duma in Russia a Parliament iu Turkey, a representative system in Persia--or, at least, an approach to what we under* stand by such a system--all attest the fact that the tendency of the modern world is clearly in the direction of the extension of popular rigbts and or i free govermnent by the people. Net the least rem arkal)'io evidence of this is to be found in the proposal by Ger- many to concede, not, indeed, full au- !tonomy, but, at any rate, autonomy of a sort, to the couquered provinces of Alsace-Lorraine. Many people regard the German i empire as a great autocracy, and the kaiser as the very personificatiou of an autocrat. Nothing, however, is further :frmu the truth. The German emil]re ts today the most convincing proof of the triumph ef Federalism, of what Free- man called 'the true solvent of the problem of combining national freedom with imperial unity and strength." Bismarck and the Great Constitution. In an admirable account of the con- st]rut]on of Germany, given, some years ago, by George Fottrell of Dublin, he thus describes Bismarck's guiding mo- tive in framing the great constitution of Apri/ 16, 187/: "Bismarck was eminently practical. He recognized that states were aggregations of human beings, and not of mechanical atoms. He eared nothing for geometric sym- metry. By eoufcderation of all the states he aimed at creating a living and healthy organism, and not a beau- tifulls,-llalaneed maJchine. Centraliza- tion nfight lle inevitable in order to attain the paramount el)jeers of the /)reposed constitution, but it wqs never to be an object in itself. On the con- :trary the substltutiou of central con- i trol for local legislation was to be re- i garded as an evil--a necessary evll perhaps, in cert'fin eases, bat still an evil. Local parlianmnts lie considered to be powerful aids to imperial sta- Mlity. If they did nothing else, they served as lightning-conductors for pop- ular imp:d:icnce. ' ' There are twenty-five states iu the German empire, every one of them au- tonomous, every one of them with its own PaHiament and executive, with fall control over all local, as distinct from imperial, affairs. One at least of these states, Prussia, is as large and ?opulous as England. Another, Bava- ria, closely resembles .Trebmd in area and population. A third, Wurtcnburg, is ahnost ideutieal in area and popula- tion with Wales. Some of these states have a single-chamber ssytem and some have a double.chamber system; but in all of them local affairs are transacted quite independently of the control or interference of the Gcrman imperial govcrnment. Difficulties Which Were Surmounted. All the dittleulties are sup- posed to exist in conceding autonomy to Ireland exist today in Germany. Some of the German states are over-! whehningly Protestant. Others of them are overwhehningly Catholic. In Prus- sia nearly two-tMrds of the population are Protestants aml rather over t.,m- third Catholics. ]n 1905 the numbers were: Protestants, 23,341,502; Catho- lics, 13,352,444 i all others, about half a nfillion, in Bavaria, in 1905, there were 4,608,469 Catholics, 1,844,699 Protestants and 55,000 Jews. In Wur- tenlmrg, by a strange coincidence, these proportions were ahnost exactly reversed, thc Protestant population, tn 1905, being 1,582,745, and the Catholic population 695,808. And so on through these states, but in none of them has !the religious difficulty which is sup. posed to staml in the way of homc rule for ireland caused the smallest trouble. ]in Prussia, side by side with the ira. perial Parliament, or Reichstadt, there stands, in Berlin, the Prussian Parlia- ment, which has two houses, with a constitution in many respec exactly modeled on the British Parliament. This Parlimlmnt, or local legislature, deals with all internal affairs of Prus- sia. It cannot interfere, however, with the interntd affairs of Bavaria or of: Wurtemburg, or any other state, nor can it interfere in imperial affairs, which arc uadcr the solb control of the iml,erial Parliament, in which all the states arc represented. The Prussian executive is responsible to this Parlia- ment. In Bavaria a similar constitu- tion exists, based upon what is prac- tically manhood suffrage. The same is true uf Wurtemburg, and of the twenty-two other states which go to nmkc up the present German empire. These local legislatures all through the empire have full control of: I edu- eat]on; 2, religion; 3, police; 4, land toaure; 5, local government, and 6, direct taxation. And, in the case of the larger states, the management ef railways, wMch are state enterprises, ahnost without exception, all through the empire. A Union, to Be Effective for Good. Must Be Based Upon Mutual Inter- est. When Bismarck was fr'mfing his constitntion he declared: "I ant anx- ious that these people should go away heartily satisfied. What tire treaties worth which people are forced to sign?" Bismarck was no believer in pat)or unions. A union, to be effective for good, must be based upon mutual interest. This great Home Rule con- st]tat]on has lasted now since 1871, an(l has led to freedom, cont..ntment and prosperity. The problem of com- bining national freedom with imperial unity and strength has been complete- ]y solved by the magic of home rule. And now, after forty years of subjec- tion as conquered provinces, Alsace- Lorraine are about to l)o presented with a representative constitutiou. One wouhl imagine that any fair- minded man would admit that the diffi- culties and dangers surrounding the i concession of liome rule to Alsace- Lorraine were quite as great as, if not indeed, far greater than, those wlfich surround the home rule ,proMem in l reland, while the necessity for fhe granting of home rule to Alsace-Lor- raine might easily be held not to lie as urgent as is the case in Irclaml, by reason of the fact that Alsace-Lurrainc have shared in the general prosperity of the Gm'man emlfire , where's Ire- hind, for the last one hundred yen, under the el)oration of the union, has lost half her population and has fallen back in every walk of industrial en- deavor, Germany Recognizes the Value of Home Rule in Her Own Constitution. The constitution offered to Alsace- Lorraine is, no doubt, grossly defec- tive. That, however, is really not the point. The discussions on the Alsace- Lorraine constitution are still going on, and, if the spirit of Bismarck pre- vails, these provinces will probably get such a constitution in the end as will satisfy their needs. But, even ia the bill as it now appears, Alsace- Lorraine has been offered a free Par- liament of two houses, the lower one to be elected on manhood suffrage and with an executive to transact its loc'fl affairs. The point that I wish to make is that Germany, recognizing the value of hmuc rule in her own constitution, proposes to extend it to Alsace-Lor- raine, recognizing that the only way to )reserve union is by the concession of autonomy. The London "Times" eou'espondent in Berlin has informed us tlmt "the (!onservativcs profess to be skeptical and untrustful." No doubt. When Sir Rcnry Canqfl,cll-Bannerman pro- t)ose(l to give autonomy to the Trans. veal and the Orange Free State the Conservatives were "skeptical and ntis- trustful," and were it not that, by "t haPl)y chance, it was possible to establish home rule in countries by letters patent, which were outside the power of interference by the I-Iot/se of Lords, those "skeptical and mis- trustful" gentlemen would never have allowed the healing of racial feeling in South Afric.1 to become an accom- pllshed fact. Balfour and the Transvaal ConSti- tution. Speaking iu 1906, A. J. Balfour said, in referenee to the granting of home rule to the Transvaal: "I think the government is attempting an experiment of the most dangerous description. If we ish to judge what! the attitude of the Transvaal is to be,: let us put ourselves into the position in which the great Dutch population are. Their memories are nmmories of w'tr. They are memories of an independence which preceded this war. The states- luen whoso nanies }lave been so often mentioned, Mr. Smuts, General Be- the, and others, are men who took a distinguished imrt in that war. Are we to expect that in three years they are to say: 'All that is over. The qucstion has been settled. The ar- bitrament of war has given its decis. ion. We accept it. We tare not going to struggle with the ohl idea. We are going to make the best of the jiow circumstances. They are to make that change of sentiment in the few months which have elapsed since the over- whehning forces at our disposal oblig- ed them to sarremler. You cannot do it. The question you have to ask is: 'Ituman nature, be it Dutch or Eng- lish, being what it is, how can the po- litical institutions you are going to give them be substitution for the military organization, cannon, and all the rest of it which brought them hon- orably into the field only three years ago?' No human being ever thought of such an experiment before as that of giving to a population equal to, and more homogeneous than our own, ab- solute control of everything, civil and military. There is nothing to prevent the eonntry making every preparation constitutionally, quietly, without ex- ternal interference, for a new war." According to Mr. Balfour, therefore, the dangerof granting home rule to Fine Pianos, Player Pianos and Organs Quality Always Superior to Others at Equal Prices ttollenberg Music Company invites inspection and comparison on its line of instruments. If you desire a new piano for $140 or one for $1,000, you will find what you want at our store. Arrange to pay for t'he instrument according to your liking'. Our flexible terms adjust them- selves to every one's condition. Rent a piano if you do not want to buy now--we will allow you one year's rent if you buy later. No need to do without an instrument. See us today, or write. Established 1853 Hollenberg Music C mpany 604-606 MAIN STREET The Oldest, the Largest, the Best Piano House the Boers was much greater than it would be in the case of Ireland. The Pears Bntortained by Balfour Were Groundless. But how groundless were the fears of Mr. Balfour and his friends is prov- ed by the following extract rom a sileech delivered by the foreign secre- tary, Sir Edward Grey, in the very next year, 1907. Speaking in refer- enee to the Transvaal, lie said: The history of our relations with our self- governing colonies has been a great chapter in the history of freedom. The first part of that chapter began when freedom and union were thoJaght to be incompatihleto be rivalry with each other. Freedom won the day. Now we knew that freedom and union were not only compatible, but that timy were in-i separable. Freedom gave to the self-; governing eolunies power to develop their ,.ountrics, and, what wqs more, improved the special excellences of their race "aid character in the envi- ronment of the country in which they lived. That was a great gift--the power to develop--which freedom gave. But it had another gift, namely, that of healing. In the history of our great colonies, we had already seen how it cuuld heal wounds and strife, and bring races together, and we were con, fident in our latest self-governing col- ony that the healing gift of freedom would be equally potent." This prediction has been fully carried out. With reference to Ireland, also, the Conservatives are "skeptie'fl and mistrustful," but I feel sure the time is very near at hand when every one, whether they call themselves Liberal or Conservative, will wonder why Ire- land was kept so long without the power of managing her own affairs, and when the successful working of home rule in that country will bo taken as a matter of course, just as is the case in the Gerumn empire. Yet I fear there are many people in this country still who do not understand that, when Ireland is asking for home rule, she is only asking for what is, one might also say, tbe common form of government in every civilized country in the world today. If once this fact were realized, the utter dis- honesty and absurdity of the cry of "disintegration of the empire" wouhl be effectually exposed. WHAT SHE WANTED. Father (to his daughter)--I 've brought you a zither for your birth- day, my de'w, and a hook b)  which you c'ln teach yourself to play on it il a month. Daughter--But it was the zither teacher I wanted most.--Fliegende Blaetter. "What do you charge for your reGals  ' ' "Five dollars up." "But I'm a student." ' ' Then it's $5 down. ' '--Cornel1 Wid- ow. We shall be glad to have a share of the business of the readers of this paper. Banking--4 Per Cent on Savings Accounts. Mortgage Loans on Liltle Rock Real Estate. Rentals and Property Management. Fire Insurance--Strong Companies. Citizens' InvesCtment and Security Company 210 West Second Street Little Rock, Arkansas Reunion Sale on DINNER SETS Every Housekeeper Needs More Dishes for the Reunion. Watch Our Windows--Now Is the Time to Get a Set Cheap. 52-piece Dinner Set, White En- glish Porce- 85 hfin ................................................... I , 32-piece Diner ,Set, Gold r r  I aced Enhsh 1 shape ............................................ ,B,85 52-piece Dinner set, two lines Gold on Plain White   Englis'h Porcelain ............ d$1J 52-piece Dinner Set, Pink and Green Spray Apple $1 85 Blossom English China... , 52-piece Dinner Set, Gold Band and Gold Filagree; I? I_ fancy shape ............................. Ig, ,--- u 52-piece Real Thin Austrian China Dinner Set, Gold Band and Pink Rose 1   Buds .......................................... q}[ U,UI 52-piece Haviland Dinner Set, Apple Blossom or Pink Rose BoBrder; thin el _ china .......................................... 01 Ihuu 52-piece 01d Blue Wil- [ OK .low Dinner Set ..................... U,UO Bracy Bros. Hardware Co. Both Phones 454 510-512 Mai r ,,}treet t i f , i j i' f:, ' t{ 77 :( f /, / ,, | 7