Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 29, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
PAGE 2     (2 of 8 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
 
PAGE 2     (2 of 8 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
April 29, 1911
 

Newspaper Archive of Arkansas Catholic produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2019. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.




Page Two I PRACTICAL SOCIALISM THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN are allied to the International Assecia- Spencerian evolution, teaching that I tion of Wo','knmu. man has gradually evoh'ed from vegc- The Family aud Socialism. table to nticrobc, from microbe to ant- The family is constituted by nmr- real, from animal to man." ! The New York Volkszeitung said, riage and the only marriage recognized The Nature and Development of Socialism--By Rt. Rev. b. civilized nations is the monogamic October 1, 1901: "Socialist,, and be- " lief iu God sis it is taught by Chris- marriage wifich is entered upon as a permanent union betwecu enc nmn and tianity and its adherents are ineom- J. M. Lucey, V. G. Socialist leaders are just now forcing upon the attention of the American people a problem which concerns their most sacred relations of life--their faro. ily, religion civil government, commer- cial and industrial interests. While the advocates of Socialism are clamoring to begin the solution of this nfighty prob- lem by destroying with one fell stroke the present conditions of all these in- terests, they are unable to offer any- thing of a practical nature to take their place, at least such is the opinion of everybody else than themselves. Practical Principles of Socialism. That the Socialists do not offer any practical or satisfactory solution of the great problem of life which iavolves the best methods of procedure for the human race in regard to their faufily, religion, political, commercial and in- dustrial interests, may be .udged by a consideration of their principles as set forth by their higimst authorities. These principles, according to ordinary inter- pretation would replace marriage by free love terminable at will of either party; supernatural religion by matn- rialism which acknowledges no God heaven, hell or hereafter of any kind; civil governments are to cease to exist as life on earth is expected to become so perfect under socialistic regime that crime will be unknown and consequent- ly there will be no need of civil offi- cers or eoarts or jails; the commercial and industrial activities of the world will be made to work on the co-oper- ative plan just as soon as all present properties are taken from their owners and redistributed among the people in general, no guarantee, however, being ffered that when all the present ac- cumulations of wealth have been used up the socialists or other people will begin to make more. "Dupes and Ignorant Christian People. It is to be acknowledged with regret that there are many dupes in the So" clalist organization to whom the real- ities of Socialism in their full signifl. canoe are never made known. Nor do such .people sometimes care much. They have nothing to lose of worldly goods nnd in the idle and shiftless ways of life where misfortune has carried them they are ready for any kind of revolu. tlon. There are also probal)]y a few Socialists who are still members of a Christian church and see only such things as arc innocent of injury to God and man. They see nothing revolution- ary in Socialism, but only a more per- fect form of Christian religion. Such people are led to believe by the plaus- ible statements of the publications and speakers of the organization that So- cialists hold in their hands the only solution of the great problem of liuman life. A WAINING. This article is prepared as an effort to warn these classes of their mistake and to restrain others who might be : so disposed from following their steps. They are admonished not to be led away by false prophets, but to seek extrication from the troubles of life in the old reliable ways which the Chris- tian church offers. If God inspires any one in times of earthly calhmity, it will certainly be his church and its members and not those who are seek- ing its destruction. Catholics especial- ly are warned to have nothing to do with the Socialistic organization or its work. If anything of ,practical impor- tance should arise in relation to So. cialism and it is forced upon their at. tention in a way to confuse the mind let them give careful study to the mat- ter, consulting their pastor and such books as may present all sides of the question. Let Socalists Form a Colony and Dem. onstrate the Practicability of Their Ideas. If the Socialists of any state of the to the partic.ipants and to the world around them is by means of religious orders, such as are to be found in the Catholic church, whose members fortify themselves 1by the three vows of pov- erty, chastity and obedience. It is only in the Catholic church that intelligent and high-minded Socialists will ever realize their noblest ideals. Any other way leads to the turmoil, revolution and anarchy into which Socialists arq now rapidly drifting and which is fast causing them to be regarded by the religious and law-abiding element of the world as direst eneufies. Vocation to a religious lifo is, however, neces- sarily limited to a comparatively few people and can never be made univer- sal. The Real Principles of Socialism and Their Practical Application. It was said in the beginning of this work that the advocates of Socialism wore seeking to destroy the present conditions of the groat factors in the problem of human life--the family, re. ligion, politics, commerce and indus. trial activity. ]t was also said that the principles of Socialism as set fprth by its highest authorities in their prac. tical application to human affairs would, according to ordinary interpreta. tion, be so drastic as to be revolution- ary. The friends of Socialism nmst allow those who differ from them tim ?rivilege of going to their very high- est authorities for information about their principles and they shouhl further allow us to judge the logical tendency of those principles put into general practice, whether they would inevitably load to the destruction of our churches and civil governments and of every- thing else that has become dear to us on earth without affording anything of a practical nature to replace them. Principles and Platforms of Socialism. The platform of the Socialist party of Arkansas and perhaps every other state lflatform has the following ns Ar- ;icle I: "We lfledge our allegiaice to the principles of international So. eialism and the national platform as adopted ut tim national convention at Chicago, the 16th day of May, 1908." We therefore must go to the principles of international Socialism as given by the great international leaders. Tim ideas of Socialism given here are not taken from its ol)ponents , but from the regnlar nmnuals, books roe. ommonded by the Socialists themselves to all onquirers after their true priuci. pies. The publishing house of Chas. S. Kerr, Chicago, is a Socialistic con- cern and imblishes Socialistic literaturn prepared by the recognized authorities for l)romulgating the Socialistic faith. A catalogue of the publications of this house will show among the list of prom- inent authors the names of those that are quoted in this work. Marx, En- gels, Bebel, Deville, Bax, Unterman Leathan, Vandervehle, Ferri and Vail, arc I believe, represented in this ga- laxy. All the authors quoted here are full-blooded Socialists.. The writers mentioned are better au- thority than any platform, though the platforms of the American Socialist parties are Marxian in their meanin reasoning and conclusions. So also the Erfurth and Gotha programs. But platforms and programs do not set forth the complete principles of Socialism. This is not their object. They are merely declarations of certain principles of the times. This ls well explained by W. Liebneckt: "Before all things it must not be lost sight of. that a platform should be written in clear and universally understood language; it must be short and concise. Though a platform is to be clear, it cannot be at the same time a commentary. The platform must be the principles with the deumnds arising therefrom. It must comprise no explanations. The agitators, the journalists and the learned of the party must give the com- mentary." Socialism Is Anarchcistic. o'no wonmn, imlible; Socialism has no meaning Un- Bax, in "Outlook from the New less it is atheistic." Standpoint," says: "Meanwhile we Eugene V. Dcbs styles Christ "The ought to combat by every means within Tramp of Galilee." our power the metaphysical dogma of Civil Government and Socialism. the inherent sanctity of the umnogamic All true Socialists are expected to principle." (P. 60.) agree with the statement of Marx and Frederick Engels writes: "Three Engels in the "Communist Manifesto" groat obstacles block the path of social that: "Socialists openly declare their reform--private property, religion and ends can be attained only lty the forci-! the t)resent form of marriage." bte overthrow of all existing social con- Edward Carpenter, praised by such diti0ns." The civil governments are leading Socialists as Leonard D. Abbot hero included. and Marion C. Wentworth, says: "Let Gabrielle Deville says in "State and women insist on her right to speak, Socialisn|:" "The State is the public dress, think, act, anti, above all, to use bower of coercion, created and main- her sex as she deems best." rained in human societies by their di- Bebel writes: "In the choice of the vision into classes, aml which haviug object of her love, wonmn is no less force at its disposal, makes laws and free than nmn. The nmrriage alliance levees taxes." m a ,private agreement without the in- Marx and Engels in the Manifesto torvention of any public functionary, say: "Political power, properly so The gratlfication of the sexual instinct called, is merely the organized 1bower of is just in the same way the personal one class for oppressing another." affair of every individual us is the Bax, it) "Outlook from New Stand- satisfaction of any other natural appe- point," says: "That ultinmtely civil tire." law must disappear with the last yes- It is plainly evident that Socialists tiges of modern civilization, no So- would, if they had the power, substitute cialist will refuse to .tdmit. " for the resent marriage one founded The XVestcrn Clarion says: "Law is on sex fondness and terufinable at the purely the creation of rulers. It is but will of either party. The present mar- a ch)msy pretext whereby they seek riage they regard as a species of pros- to justify their right to rule and rob." titution. Bax says: "A very little reflection In the highest classes of Socialists will suffice to show that the civil law in the United States and elsewhere free s an entirely class institution. No love marriages have existed and now judge can be a strictly honest man. exist publicly with the full approval The judge must necessarily be a man of the party leaders. The first mar- of inferior moral calibre. The fester- rinse of the kind was perhaps that ef mg nmss of hypocrisy of which bench- Edward Aveling with Eleanor, Karl dora consists is only too evident at or- Marx's daughter aud the most .promi- cry turn." nent woman Socialist in the worhl. In Box also says: "The foreign policy the early eighties they began to live of the great International Socialist .par- togcther as hasband and Wife according ty must be to break up the hideous to the Socialists morals of fl'ee inter- race monopolies called empires, begin- coursb of the sexes and with the full ning in each case at home." knowledge of Marx and the other lead- Private Property and Socialism. ors. They made a fifteen weeks' tour Charles Vail, in "Modern Socialism," of tim United States under the ausl)ices says: "The capitalist is able to op- el the Socialist Labor party and ad. propriate the product of labor by rea- dressed about fifty meetings in the prin- son of his ownership of certain means cipal cities. Aveling's legal wife was of 1)reduction. Priwte property, then, living at this time. When she died in the instrument of production, is un- Aveling discarded Eleanor and picked just This being so, the removal of the up another woman, cause of injustice cannot of itself be A very strildng example of free love unjust. The confiscation of private marriage among Socialists was that of property in the moans of ,production Maxim Gorky, the Russian Socialist, is therefore just." who landed in New York, 1906, with Lawrence Gronlund,-in tim Co-Op- his nfistress, Madam Andreiva. Eu- erative Commonwealth (p. 30) says: gone Debs wrote in the Worker, April "Every one who pockets gain without 28, 1906: "With el)on arms and hearts rendering an equivalent to society is attuned to love and greeting, we of the a crinfinal. Every millionaire is a )roletariat welcome Maxim Gorky and crinfinal. Every one who masses a his wife to these shores. Christ-like is hundred thousand dollars is a criminal. his love for the lowly and dest)ised and Every one who lends" a hundred dollars his sacrifice of self, and Christ-like and expects cue hundred and six in re- his persecution by the heartless pharl- turn is a criminal.'S sees, Had Gorky been an intellectual The Socialist party of America in no- (united by Christian mar- tional conncil assen|bled, Indianal)olis, riago), ho wouhl be the social lion of 1901, declares its aims to be "the or- the hour." ganization of the working class into a Marx and Engels in the "Communist political party, with the object of con. Manifesto" say: "It is self-evident quering the powers of government and that the abolition of the present sys- using them for the purl)ose of trans- tern of production must bring with it forming the present system of private the abolition of the eommuuity of worn- ownership into collective ownership by en--prosent marriage--springing from that system of prostitution, both pub- the entire people." lie and private." If private ownership is to lie abel- Religion and Socialism. ished under Socialistic domination what incentive is there for the farmer Religion as accepted by civilized poe- to till the soil, the miner to endanger ple embraces the relations of God to his life or the woman to use her needle.  man, of man to God, and the laws gee- Man has a natural right to his life erning that relationship. It is esscn- and the means by which his life and tially supernatural, speaking to man of God, a supernatural beiag, and of that of his family are to be preserved. heaven and hell as supernatural states This right is inalienable and goes be- of reward and punishnmnt, fore any right which state or an 3 , or- ganization nmy claim over him. A It is well to note that the antagonism maa's private property is his own-- of Socialism to religion is not directed no man has a right to his neighbor's against any particular form of religion, property. but against all forms that claim a su- pernatural clmracter, Catholic, Protest. "The American Labor Journal,' ant or Jewish. For a Socialist this Butte, Montana, February 19, 1903, ia world is the end of all things. Prot- an editorial sqys "The supreme test estants anil Jews should fully realize of Socialism is whether a person be. this fact and unite with all friends of licves in the complete overthrow of sapernatural religion to combat the ad- the present wage system, and the sub. vance of Socialism. stitation therefor of the eOol)erative iarx writes: "Man makes religion commonwealth." not.religion man. The abolition of re- Private property is rol)/)ery, accord ligion, as the deceptive hapl)iaess of ins to the Socialist. The laboring man the t)eople, is a necessary comlition for who has by a life time's industry Union would form a colony on some of the rich lands of the state and in ten years or more of trial demonstrate the truth of their theories, it would then be reasonable to present a claim for universal recognition. Until they do so, the people at large should not be expected to accept socialistic leaders as their teachers. Brook Farm and Oneida Community. Socialism is not young. Those who have read history easily recognize an old acquaintance. To go no further back than about 1840 in the Eastern Middle States of our Union, the most cultured sectiens bf the country, we discover several Socialistic experimentt and their failure. Nothing need be said of the Oneida community which all intelligent Socialists will probably repudiate. Brook Farn), New Harmony and other colonies of like respectability attracted some of the most intelligent men and women of the times. Witifin a brief period the fallacy of the Socialistle theory became too evident to be ig- nored. Men of character like Horace Gree- ly, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Dr. George Ripley, George William Curtis, Charles Anderson Dana, editor of the New York Sun, and Ores- tes A. Brownson and women like Fran- ces Wright and Margaret Fuller shook the dust of Socialism from off their feet and it was never again with them. The Religious Orders of the Catholic Ohurch Offer the Only Successful Method of Socialism. The only way, according to the facts of history, in which Socialism in its ideal form can be practical in safety It will not be possible in a treatise true hapl)iness." Here the supernat- and thrift acquired a home for his of this kind to quote from all the above ural character of religion is denied an( family, is asked to give this npt,) nor to give lengthy extracts from the it is reduced to a mere form of human- the geueral office to be divided among itarianism, his idle and worthless neighbors. works of any. The Iuternational Association of Workmen, founded in London many years ago by Karl Marx, and his coaa. jutor, Bakunin, is certainly anarchistic in all its practical workings. At a con- gress of The Hague heht as long ago as 1872, Marx declared: "In most countries of Europe violence must be the lever of our social reform. We must have recourse to violence in or- der to establish the rule of labor. Th revolution must be universal, and we find a conspicuous example in the Com- mune of Paris, which failed because in other capitals--Berlin and Madrid--a simultaneous revolationary movement did not break out in connection with the mighty upheaval of the proletariat in Paris.' ' Bebel in his work, "Unscre Ziele," writes: "We must not shudder at the thought of the possible cmployment of violence; we amst not raise un alarm cry at the suppression of existing rights, at violent expropriation. His- tory teaches us that at all times new ideas, as a rule, were realized by a vio- lent conflict with the defenders of the past. ' ' ' ' The Communistic Manifesto, ' ' .which many Socialists look upon as their "Declaration of. Independence," is anarchistic. While it advocates the overthrow of all existing governments, either by vote or violence, it fails to substitute any defimte form of eivil government. It may also be stated hero that the Socialiat parties throughout the world James Leatham in "Socialism and Equal Distribution. Character," says: "While all of us When the present owners of private are thus indifferent to the church, many woperty are dispossessed, according to of us are frankly hostile to her. Marx, the Socialistic program) in what way Lasalle and Engels, among the earliest is a redistribution to lie effected? Socialists; Morris, Bax, Ryudman when the human race starts again Guesde and Bebel, among the present, to work as Socialists, what is to be the day Socialists, are all more or less )lan of distribntion of the products avowed atheists; and what is true of of their btbor? Some men arc more the notable men of the party is nlmost than others and some will work equally true of the rank and file the harder than ethers, and others will not world over." George D. Herren, the much-married work at all. Would an equal distri- secretary of the International Socialist bution bc just?. To distribute by Part),, writes: "Christianity today Marx's "average work" or by Bebel's stands for what is lowest and basest in "simple hour" or any other such the- life." To take on Christianity would oretical 9lens wouhl prove unsatisfafe- be for Socialism to take Judas into its tory. The professional man, the scion- bosom." tist as well as the skilled amchanie, Emi/e Vandervelde, the Socialist wouhl enter very serious protests aboul member in the Belgian Chamber of any equal distribution. Delmties , wrote to the Social Dome- The National Platform of the Social. , crat: Can a sincere believer follow ist Party of America: adopted in Chi the church's teachings and yet be a cage in 1904, vontains the following Socialist? We are bound to admit that definition of principles: "Socialism both in philosophy and politics there moans that all those things upon which must be war between Socialism and the the people in comn)on depeud shall by church." the pcol)lo in eomn)on be owned and Ernest Unterman writes in his erit- administered. It means that the tools ique on "Socialism of Humanity:' of employment shall l)elong to their "Neither the soul nor the faculty of creators and users; that all production human thought are different from the shall be for the direct use of the pro- haman organism. The origin of organ- duccrs; that the making of goods fo* ie life must be aceounted for by ovolu- profit shall cease." tion, and matt's origin by descent from the brute." Socialism of America and Europe Enrico Ferri says: "Socialism is the Same. notlfing but a logical and vital corol- Mr. David Gohlstein, the ex-Social- lary, in part of Darwinism, in part of let leader of Massachtzsctts, says: 'The Soeialisnz of America and the Socialism of Gernmny, France, ltaly, F, ughtnd and other European countries qrc one ant[ the same. Socialists seek the establishment of the principles embodied in the teachings of Marx, Engels, Ferri.. Bax Herren and a host of others of international standing. To these teachings the modern Socialist nlovculent is irrevocably committed. ' Socialists and the American Federation of Labor. The An)erican Federation ef Labor was organized by a.convention of the trades-unions held in Columlms, Ohio, Decead)er, 18S6. It is (omposed of in- torn'stional, national, state, central and local unions. Ahnost all organized la- bor unions of the United States and Canada belong .to it. Nearly 250 week- ly and monthly publications are is- sued by the various unions; the offi- cial orgqn of the Federation is the "Federationist," edited by Mr. Sam- uel Gompers. The Socialist party was first rec- ognized as such in 1888. It began im- mediately an attempt to gain secretly ,the eontrol of the American Federa- i tion of Labor. Pailing to accomlflish its lmrpose, the .Socialist Party de- termined, 1890, to destroy the Federa- tion by organizing the "Central Labor Federation" aml the "Socialist Trade and Labor Allianco," whose officers under Socialism as all labor nmterials are the exclusive prol)erty of the com- munity. A censorship would be es- tablished permitting that only to be which would have the ap- )royal of state officials. Social as well as political equality s denmnded by Socialists. Accord- ing to Liebnect there shall exist iu the Socialistic state absolute equality of rights to all races and conditions or mankind. The Gotha program insist upon the removal of all social and po- litical "inequality in actual life. Are the American people prepared for so- cial equality of all races and classes Will our labor unions and societies in general receive in fraternal embrff? the yellow and colored races of t who]e worhl? Justification for the Statement That the Socialists Would Destroy and Not Build Up. _'he extracts given in previous pages are taken from well kuown aml recog- nized authorities on Socialism, iu fact, from the writings of the special apos- tles of Soei'flism as designated by some of their most eminent leaders. Sufft- cient of tim context is pnt with each extract to preserve its natural charac ter. The reader may now pause to pass judgn)ent on the statement nmde in the first pages of tlfis article that were to be Socialists. la 1900, the So- Socialists were aimil)g at the destrue. cialists perceived the uselessness of the tion of the l)rescnt conditions of the struggle with the Federation and in a great factors of human happiness, the quarrel over the cause of their failure the old organizations were disrupted and two divisions formed, one under DeLeon, retinin the name of the Socialist Lqbor Party" and the other and larger part organized as the "So- cialist Party" under Eugene V. Debs. The latter party opened a vigorous war upon the American Federation of La- bor and in 1902, at Denver, Colorado. organized under the leadership of Debs, Hagcrty and McGrady, 'The American La,bor Union" and affiliated with the Western Federation of Miners. The lawlessness that followed among the miners of Colorado and Montana aow forms a disgraceful chapter ib Amerlcan history. Owing to the wrctehed blindness of the Socia!ists in all these t)roceedings and their ludicrous persistence in . rule or ruin policy, ninny uniun labor leaders tire now declaring that unionism! is a. failure and in their wild frenzy! to get even Wiht somebody advocate the seizure and control of the United States government. The Socialists ought to be satisfied with the wreck and ruin of labor unions which they have wrought. But the laboring man should learn a lesson from these events and shun a Socialist as he would shun the devil. Socialist Organization. The organization of the Socialist party is world-wide. Twenty-four countries are represented in the Inter- national Socialist Bureau, located at Brussels, Belgiam, where a pcrnmnent secretary "is maintained. Each of these countries have their independent or- ganizations affiliated with the Inter- national. In the United States the So- cia/ists are organized in every state and territory. National headquarters is located at 269 Dearborn street, Chi- cago, in charge of a salaried national secretary with a corps of assistants. Each state has also a secretary and other officers, some of them salaried. An International Congress meets every three years. The last congress met in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1910, when about 1,000 delegates were present. This is why anything favorable to So- cialism happening in one part of the worhl becomes known immediately ev- erywhere. Socialists Are the Natural Enemies of Labor Unions. A conservative minority of the S- cialist organization have hitherto ex ereised a repressive-influence upon the advocates of violence. In the year 1904, when this section was comimra- tively strong, one-half ef the members of the Socialist party in the city of Chicago were exl)elled as Anarchists. Bnt these factional fights eannot con-I tinue ver b , long. The itnarchistic ele- ments are now considered to be in a a)jority throughout the United States and, if it is deemed politic to do so, the next national convention will order the mask thrown off and the flag of anm'chv raised on high. Thm:e is nothing in common betweee Labor Unions and ocialism. Accord- ing to Bebel and other apostles of So- cialism, "the ralers and cabinets of our present civil governments are to be replaced by a central committee which is to direct the entire iadustrial ]system. This Socialistic state is to be the only proprietor of all means of labor----of all lands: all nmnufactories a!l moans of transportation, ull lu.bor tools, conllnerce and schools." There is no place in this program for Labor Unions. Members of Labor Unions should kee l ) in mind that Socialists are fighting the American Federation of Labor and that the latter is fighting Socialists. W)rking men shouhl take immediate steps to protect their unions from the blighting influence of Socialism by electing their best men to be officers and relegating the professional office hohlers to back seats. Vagaries of Socialism. The arts and sciences cannot exist nnder Socialistic regime. According to Bebel's program, "in the Socialistic organization, all without exception shall take a direct and physical part in production;" consequently there can be no professional artists or scholars. Many arts and sciences have no value for production, as poetry, music, as- tronomy, philosophy, history an,] geol- ogy. Freedom of the press cannot exist family, religion, civil governments, commercial and industrial activities, without substituting anything of a practical nature to take their place. They wouhl destroy and not buihl up. The reader is also requested to con- sider whether the time has not come to "take note of the organized efforts of Socialists to propagate their princi. ples among au unsusl)eeting public an.I whether those who have faith iu the 1)resent condition of things rorking out to the welfare of the human race along the lines of Christian ideals should not make some effort to defend their family, their religion aud their Christian civilization. This could be ,lone by distributing literature in ex- position and advocacy of their ideas nnd later on by means of an organiza- tion in which* all people opposed to Socialism may unite. There is at the )resent time, so far as the knowledge of the writer goes, no anti-socialist organization in America. ABE RUEF'S BIBLE CISS. San Francisco Grafter Interests Fellow Convicts in Study. San Francisco.--A.be Ruef, who is serving a 14-year sentence in San Quentin for bribery, has started au evening Bible class for convicts which to be popular. Ruef found his two celhnates reading rashy novels, so from dinner time un- til the lights went out he talked to them about the Bible. They told oth,rs, ad soon Ruef had a score of auditors. Now he has agreed to deliver a series of sermons in prison chapel on undays. Ruef is an excellent talker. He says the Bible Ires been his chief reliance in time of trouble. Ruef has been buying books of me. chanics and agricaltur for the prison circulating library, and he has urged convicts to read them so that they nmy be prepared for useful work when dis- charged. OUR RAILWAY EQUIPMENT. By William B. Bailey, Ph. D., in In- dependent. In !825 passengers were carried for the first time in a railway train in Eng- land. The length of the road was 12 stiles and the train nmdo this distance in two hours. In the same year Wood, one of the best-known writers on rail- ways, said: "Nothing can do more harm to the adoption of railways than the promulgation of such nonsense as that we shall see locoumtives traveling at the rate of 12 miles an hour." In 1829 a locomotive was introduced in this conntry, and in the following year 1 eter Looper exl)erimeated with a locomotive on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The flues of the boiler were made from gun barrels, q2ho boiler was about the size of a flour barrel. Cooper related with cousiderab]e satisfaction how on the trial trip of this engine he passed a gray horse attached to a wag- on. At present the railway mileage of this country is nearly 250,000. This mileage has an equipment of over 7,500 locomotives, 45,000 passenger cars and 2,000,000 freight cars. A better idea of the extent of this mileage and equip- ment may be gained when we ealize that the mileage is sufficient to encircle the earth with'a ten-track road, that the freight cars wouId form five lines stretching across this country, while a person traveling frum New IIaven, Conn., to Washington, D. C., couhl pass the entire distance with a continuous line of locomotives on either side, and the passenger ears would reach over 600 miles. The rapidity of the growth of our railway systems becomes appar- ent when we realize that there are prob- ably a half million people in this coun- try who were born before a locomotive was ever placed upon a railroad track in the United States. IN LATTIT LIFE. "I see you are doing a good many things now that once you would have been shocked at." "Well, I make up for it by being shocked at a good many things that I once did. "Pittsburg Post. TWO SIDES OF IT. "So she refused you." "Yes. It certainly puzzles me." 'Oh, well, if she had accepte u the whole world would have bee tz- zlcd. "--Houston Post. '