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April 28, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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April 28, 1923

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of NOTE J, M. Kirwin, of the Diocese of Gal- deliver the baccalaureate the Solemn Pontifical High e°mmencement (lay, Sunday, the University of Notre Dame, Ind. This isthe in the history of this fa- that the address will by a Texan, and by a than an Archbishop el De Faulhaber, of lIunich, will extend his to the Catholics of States for their relief ef- half of the German popula- of addresses he is to Principal cities of Am- to all announcement lrior to his departure for week. , who was created a Sacred College in 1921, his fifty-fourth month, is noted for his forceful comments on times, but it is not like- addresses, whicD t in German and English, touch on other than char- He has always mani- interest in the ques- and has offered clear solutions of the and the school ques- His lectures on eco- made him a distinguish- Catholics and non-' His social confer- the social philosophy Ketteler, have at- rum all circles and have educate the German ] ) the philosophy of the l tsts of the Church• I loud of red revolution ight in Bavaria, Cardi- showe( himself a great People, with undoubted When revolutionary to abolish the in forming nu- Associations for the Christian Schools," meet the crisis. has traveled in France, Spain, Italy and Holland, fluently. Arthur Connolly, Church of the Blessed Plain, has been of the board of trus- Public Library, Succeeds Rev. Alex- gave up the rector- to become Epis- of Pittsburg. Father first Catholic clergy- to the presidency The new head a lover of books and made the rectory of church the re- collections of dis- sought out of his paint- of the Blessed in 1892 Father pastor. He was Dec. 2, 1853. He College, at the Col- Ellicott City, Md., Seminary ifl iIon- ordained, Dec. 22, Schrembs, has been noti- of Doctor of Di- conferred upon him of Fribourg, Switz- is directed by and has many on its alumni list. being eongratulat- on his new honor, American, a rare dis- standards of Fribourg 0URY'S APPEALS RISH CHURCH the death of iVI. Maurice Barres of the last letters of the battle of Was addressed to his interest in the construction in the town of marshal had his the battle. is very beauti- of its high des- wrote. out the pathetic "It appears," for been blind- Wounds received n 1915, was never the construe- so deeply inter- CATHOLIC CUSTOMS PERSIST IN MANY RITES OF ANGLICAN CHURCH ,(By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, April 19--Religious observ- ances of the Easter season brought to light many interestinT, remnants of Catholic customs persisting in Angli- can rites, aml also tended to ilhstrate a growing trend toward liturgical us- age on the part of Catholics them- selves. Easter Offerings The Reformation of England re- tained tbe hierarchical and liturgical forms and many of the reminders of Catholic England are still found in a ,modified form in the Anglican church. For instance on Easter, which is one of the three times in the year when Anglicans are bidden to fulfill their religious duties, all ecclesiastical dues are givdn to the parson or curate. Al- though under modern conditions the rubric tins lost much of its meaning, it still continues in the custom both among the Catholics and Anglicans oft all the Easter offertories being devote'd to the parisb clergy. Another interesting survival is the ceremony of distributing the Royal Ahns car- ried out in Westminster Abbey on Holy Thursday. High officials of the Court whose titles hark back to Cath- olic times, participate in this cere- mony. Purses are distributed to se- lected poor persons, the number cor- responding to the years of the sover- eign. The Lord High Ahnoner is the Bishop of Ely, formerly a Cathohc Bishopric. Fomerl.(, the Catho'lic sev- ereigus o:f "I,mghmd in person washed the feet of the poor at this ceremony and a trace of this custom is found I today in the practice of the Anglican I prelates who take part of girding I rthemseh, es with a towel, l Follow Liturgy { One very noticeable feature about I (he solemn ritual ceremonies at West-I minster Cathedral is the fact that al- most all tile faithful follow the litur- gy with their missals. There is a very strong movement in England in favor of this following of the liturgy I,,by the faithful in ,prefere-ce to en- gaging in private devotion particular- ly at High Mass. It is a matter to at- tract attention that in Westminster Cathedral ceremonies such as those of Easter Week, are more frequently accompanied by the use of the missal than the rosary. Some predict that the day is not far distant when throughout the land the faithful will ,join in the singing of the Ordinary of .the Mass as they do at the popular l devotional services. EAST BENGAL NOW DISTINCTIVELY AN AMERICAN MISSION By Rev. Michael Mathis, C. S. C., S. T. D. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Dacca, March 25.--East Bengal was vriginally evangelized, as was the en- tire seaboard of India, by the Portu- gese Augustinians and Franciscans, working out from Goa as their first center, and later from Mylapore, tho site of the tomb of St. Thomas the Apostle. In the middle of the last century, or a little earlier, owning to the impoverishment of Portuguese re- sources and the rules of the British power in India, the missions of West and East Bengal were offered to Eng lish, Belgian and French missionaries. West Bengal came finally under the[ care of the Belgiah Jesuits; East Ben-d gal (and West Burma) to the Fathers of Holy Cross, whose motherhouse at that time was in France. The anti- clerical persecutions in France broke up the French province of the Holy Cross Fathers and caused the lemoval of the mother-house te Notre Dame, Indiana, where the Superior-General. the Very Reverend Gilbert Francais, ow makes his residence. Coincident ,with these changes has naturally come about the diminution of the French missionary element in East Bengal, and the proportionate in- crease of the Canadian and American elenients. In the early days, the French Fa- (hers carried the major portion of the burden; at the present time, East Bengal looks to Canada and to the United States for its Catholic apes- tleK Taking the word American in its broader and more proper sense, as in- cluding Canada, we may say that East Bengal is distinctly an American mis- sion, and until the advent of the St. Louis Jesuits two years ago in the newly-organized Patna Mission, on the middle Ganges, East Bengal was the only American Mission in India. THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1923 -t ....... ! General Intention l T MAY: RECOUIISE TO MARY, QUEEN OF PEACE By J. Itarding Fisher, S. J. Courtesy of the Messenger of the Sacred tleart. Recourse to Mary is as did as the Apostolic times, as the times of Christ. The marriage scene at Cana is, doubtless, only one of many in- stances in which our Lady's help was sought and found; and the comfort that she gave the scattered flock, when they fled to her amid the (lark- ness and the dereliction that followed the striking of the Shepherd, is vivid- ly typical of the consolation that Christ's lesser brethren have ever l found beneath the protecting foMs of ber maternal mantle. I Mother's Mercy The impulse to appeal in every need to the Mother of Christ aud the Mother of men is part of the Chris- tian heritage; and this impulse, ris- ing from the foot of the Cross where Mary at her Son's bdidding, took us all as her children to her broken heart, loving us the more, according l to the paradoxical way of a mother's i i heart, because we had cost her such I bitter pain, has grown with the cen-[ turies, until it has become crystallized in such forms of prayer as the "Me- morare," in which there breathes a confidence that would seem reckless and extravagant, were it not so sol- idly founded in fact. It has never been heard, we say in our sublime trtlst, tbat any one who fled to her protection or implored her help, was left unaided. And so it is that, bur- dened with sin and sorrow, we come to the feet of the Blessed Mother, cer- tain, no matter what may be our un- worthiness, that she will not despise our petitions, but in her mercy will hear antl answer them. Ingrained in Catholics Nor is this confidence an exotic growth, a matter of mere personal devotion, something that attracts one and another. It is ingrained in Catho- lic habits of thought. Its appeal is to all -dike, the young and the old, the learned and the unlearned, the good and the bad. Sin accentuates it, pur- ity of soul renders it more tender, deeper knowledge of theology adds to its solidity, suffering gives it a new poignancy. Nothing seems to be able to change it. Men, who have long since given up worshipping God, who are drifting hopelessly on the sea of passion and who fear even to look up at the outraged dignity of the Divini- ty, still whisper in their shame their daily prayer to Mary, relying on her help to be lifted, some (lay and some- how, out of the mire of their evil lives. And the marvel of it is, that in the end our Lady does fulfil their altogether unreasonable expectations. Why We Are Confident The reason for his confidence is not far to seek. Mary is our mother and we are her children, and a moth- er's heart, try as it will, cannot long be angry with her child. In our thoughts of Jesus Christ there is the realization of His unfathomable good- ness to us, but we know that He is the God of Justice. Calvary, with its gibbet of shame and the agonizing figure of the lonely Man of Sorrows, rises before our minds to rebuke our fears, when we tremble at our of- fenses; the cricufixion with the ex- tremity of its suffering recalls to us the untold measure of His love, the extent of His compassion, and the un- searchable riches of His hunger for 1 the affection of men. But behind the I crucifixion there rises that other pic-] ture painted by our Lord Himself, in I which there is the sign of the Son of l Man'apearing in the heavens, the Son of God Himself coming in the clouds with much power and majes- ty, the tribes of the earth in mourn- ing, the living and the dead hurrying to judgment, the dread separation of the evil from the good, and the sen- tence to ever,lasting fire• With our love and confidence, therefore, there are mingled fear and foreboding, for we know that although Christ is our Redeemer, He is also Justice Incar- nate, and in the scales of justice who shall be secure? llary's Dispensations But in our thoughts of the Blessed Mother there is no fear whatsoever. We know that she seeks for her chin tren only mercy, not justice. Our in- "tellects may not be,able to formulate in exact theological terms the grounds of our unlimited trust, but for all that our hearts know that trust to be solidly founded. It is indeed consoling to find Tertullian saying that Christ has put into the hands of Mary the dispensation of the infinite merits He gained through His Passion, and that with a perfect Son's intuition of His SOVIETS SOFT PEDAL ANTI-RELIGIOUS ACTS Washington, April 24.--Although I Soviet officials appear to be unper- turbed by the universal condemnation of their vindictive anLi-religious cru- sade, they are making no further at- theologian. Tertullian's words empha-tempts to molest the people in tbe size and intensify our trust; they do practice of their religion, according not create it. To Mary: therefore, we I to advices from Petrograd. But that have recourse in all our needs, confi- i they are determined to carry out their dent that she will always heed our evil designs s indicated by the re- humble petitions. In the words of St. ported charges brought against the Stanislaus, we say, "God's Mother is my Mother," and with this, the (lue:- tion is finished. We Turn to Her in Dire Need Since this is the case, it is not sur- prising, in these troublous days, when there are wars and rulnors of wars, when nations are clinging to racial hatreds, when society is divided by seemingly irremediable wrongs, when individuals, through self-indulgence and forgetfulness of God and ruthless I lambition and pride of life, have lost their desire for anything but :fitful unrest, to find the Holy Father. the beloved I'ius XI, pastor of souls, friend of the people, father of the na- tions, bidding his chihlren turn in their dire need to the Blessed Mother of men and supplicate her during her ]own month of May to grant to the worhi what seems a fond and idle dream, the blessed, tile Divine, the almost forgotten gift of peace. Pope lSenedict's Reiiance We had been well prepared by the predecessor of our present Supreme Pontiff for just such an appeal. It is not so long ago that any of us can[ have forgotten how Pope Benedict{ XV, of blessed memory, multiplied his I petitions to our Lad), (luring the ag- I ony of the World War, f6r the cessa- tion of hostiliti(.s.' Under one invoca- tion after another he called oil imr to hasten to the assistance of her un- happy children• First he appealed to the Virgin Mary who gave to the worhl the Prince of Peace; then, as the Father of Christendom, he be- sought the aid of her who by her FOUR PROTESTANT powerful intercession centuries be- fore turned the tide of battle and has CHURCHES ARE NOW been kept in grateful memory ever since under the title of Help of Chris- tians; a little later, when the hearts I of mothers were breaking with sor- I row over the pain of their sons, he l directed his prayers to the Mother of] (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Richmond, Va., April 23.Four Sorrows; and finally, with the happi- I Protestan t churches in Richmond and est inspiration of all, he laid his sup- the vicinity have been "converted" plication at the throne of the Queen into Catholic churches during the past of Peace. At last his apostolic tmart few years and are now being used by was satisfied and he ceased from fur- congregations that are growing rap- ,ther searching. "Queen of Peace." idly. St. Paul's Church, so called by the Ills one care from that time on was .Right Rev. Denis J. O'Connell, in to have that petition rise from every honor of the first great convert to Catholic soul m every part of the!christianity, was formerly the Bar- earth. In order to effect this, hej ton Heights Methodist Church. Es- gave permission to the Bishops to add.I tablished less than a year ago, St. this new invocation to the Litany of] Paul, s parish, in addition to a thriv- Loreto, for the duration o%', the war. ng congregation, has already a pare- His confidence grew, and as if certain cbial school with six grades and a that the multitudinous appeal he had kindergarten, and has an attendance sanctioned could not long fail of el- of 75 children. fect, he decreed that the invocation, The Rev. Dr. E. P. Shaughnessy is "Queen of Peace," should be retained pastor' of St. Paul's. forever. He no longer doubted of the St. Francis Church at Claremont. .issue, and said in explicit terms that St. Anthony's Church and St. Peter it wouht serve to remind the Faitbful Claver's, the last for colored Catho- throughout the ages of the efficacy lics, were all formerly used by Pro- of her intercession and of the great- testant congregations. ness of the favor, which "we shall owe to her•" She Will Not Deny Ua Surely our Lady has done much for us; she offered us the gift of peace, and yet men, through selfish and evil, passmns, have refused to accept it in full. The world, as a consequence, is still distraught with international strifes; national prosperity and hap- piness are blocked and menaced by social distrust; and the hearts of in- dividuals are still seeking for peace in the trivialities in which there is no peace. All this, from his exalted watch-tower on the Vatican, the Holy Father sees better than any one else; he knows, as no one else knows, that although we have the substance of peace, we are far from enjoying the plentitude of its blessings; and in his fatherly solicitude, he as turned, like I Pope Benedict XV, to the Queen of] Peace. She triumphed over the mor- tal hatred of the nations, she can change their lesser enmities; she has, given what is greater, she will not de- ,ny us what is less. She is ready to do her part, if we do ours. If $e mul- tiply our petitions sufficiently, she cannot but grant them. And so it is that Pope Plus XI bids all the Asso- ciates of the Apostleship of Prayer to be instant and constant in prayer dur- ing the month of May. Ernest in Prayer, Work and Suffering Let us, therefore, in obedience to Heart in union with the Holy Sacri- his bidding, lay our hopes and fears rice of the Mass throughout the before the throne of Mary• Let us of-. world, in reparation for my sins, for, fer our prayers and our works and. the intentions of all our Associates, j Jewish rabbles who denounced com- munism. There is no distinction be- tween Judaism and Christianity, or between Catbolicism and the Russian I Orthodox Church in the eyes of the atheistic soviet leaders. It is the idea of theism that stirs their fury. Permitted to Say Mass It is reported from Petrograd that the twelve priests who remain are permitted to say Masses which are largely attended by the Catholics of whom there are fifteen thousand in the city, although the churches are closed. People Iml)tent The incontrovertible fact that Rus- sia is overwhelmingly Christian or Jewish and that the government is anti-religious indicates very* clearly how the government is sustained by the few against the many. Yet the prospect of a change does not yet ap- pear on the Russian horizon. The peo- ple themselves are unable to do any- thing; the radius of soviet influence, as a matter of fact, extends little be- yond the cities and larger towns and the Russian peasant goes blindly on. Nor is there any clmnce at present, according to the diplomatic concen- sus in Washington, of concerted ac- tion by outside powers acting through the League of Nations, as suggested by Cardinal Mercier, to restore gov- ernment in Russia to the people. Until the equilibrium of the rest of Europe is restored the Russian problem will be left to the dissolving influence of time. PAGE FIVE IRELAND MAKING OWN TARIFF LAWS .EXPECTS BIG BUSINESS BOOM (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Dublin. April 6.Peace would un- doubtedly bring to Ireland an increase in business. In normal conditions di- rect trading intercourse with foreign countries would be established. Up to .the present the fiscal laws in opera- tion in Ireland were framed by Eng- land and were devied to suit British interests. Motor Cars To take an example, Britaih impos- ed a stiff duty on the importation of foreign motor cars, the object being the protection of the British industry. Ireland, which up to the present, at all events, does not manufacture mo- tor cars, was put in the same boat• For most of the roads in Ireland cars of the Ford type are the best and most suitable; but on these and on continental cars there was an ad va- lorem duty of 33 1-3 per cent. British manufactured cars entered Ireland duty free. Under the customs Regulations of the Free State Government all cars, British as well as foreign, coming in- to the twenty-six counties will be subject to the ad valorem duty; but by way of reciprocal arrangement the British cars will be given a uprefer- ence amounting to a third of the duty. FawJrs Foreign Cars Accordingly, the duty on British- manufactured cars coming into the Free State will be 22 2-9 per cent as compared with 33 1-3 per cent on ears of other countries. This means that foreign cars will be in a better position than formerly to compete with British cars in the Irish market. The value of the cars imported annually into Ireland is about $200,000,000. Consuls in Dublin There are many indications that outside nations realize' the feasibility, as they never did before, of establish- ing direct trading communications ,with Ireland, Counsels of the higher 'grade are ,being appointed to Dublin. It is understood that the United States consul in Dublin will be raised ' USED BY CATHOLICS to the rank of Consul-General and that Canada will also appoint a con- sul-general. ,in suffering; and if our supplications rise from every quarter of the globe, from cathedral and chapel, from pal- ace and hovel, from sanctuary and home, flm rich and poor, from the lips of those who have always been innocent in love and from hearts that have gone astray after folly but have returned and been washed clean in the Blood of the Lamb, the Queen of Peace will surely turn her eyes of mercy towards us. And sooner, per- haps, than we think, we shall have • peace, peace within our troubled $ouls peace between classes, peace betweeu governments, peace through- out the world. Who will dare put lim- its to the efficacy of the intercession of Mary, the Queen of Peace, with Christ her Son, the Prince of Peace? Who can doubt her willingness to in- tercede for us, when we know that nothing is so close to her mother's heart as to heal the wounds of her children and to give them the ,bles'-' ings which Christ came on earth to bestow? The dispensation of provi- dence requires us to ask that we may receive. Let us, then, ask wth all our hearts, and the gift m assured. The Morning Offering O Jesus, through the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Ieffer Thee my pray- ers, works, and sufferings of this day, for all the intentions of Ty Sacred The Argentine has already  sent a Consul-General in the person of Sen- or Juan Carlos Godoy. He intends to get into touch at once with Irish Com- merdial Syndicates and Chambers of Commerce. He sees great possibili- ties in the Argentine for business in h'ish tweeds, linen, horses, prize cat- tle, pigs, whiskey, stout, etc. In re- turn the krgentine coald increase her exports of meat products, cereals, cottons and preserved fruit. He re- gards the outlook as very favorable but he thinks a direct line of steamers w411 be necessary for the development of the trade. Many Irish priests in the Western Hemisphere are communcating with the mother country as to opportuni- ties of opening up trade with the places in which they are officiating. MEMBERS OF .CAST OF PASSON PLAY FORCED TO APPEAL FOR HELP (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Boston, April 21.Many of the eople of the village of Oberamraer- gnu who participated in the Passion Play of last season are in poverty, according to a letter from Mrs. Anton Lang, wife of the Christus of the play, just received by a prominent Catholic woman of this city, in which assistance is appealed for. "I think I told your siste,:," runs the letter, after its introductory greetings, "that by the . drop of the mark during the Passion Play the proceeds of the play had been' so small that the main actors received only 27,000 marks for the whole hard season's work, and for which, at that time, we could only buy a pair of boots. "Now, even this would be impossi- ble. It was therefore impossible to put anything aside for charity, so.that my husband and I have started now to collect for our poor and needy ones in the village. Many a kind friend has already sent assistance to the homes of our destitute people, but prices have gone up so tremendously lately that I will have to once more make apepal. Help, if you .possibly can. May Our Lord reward you for the smallest contribution. "Times are very dark for us at present. What will b the end of all this? We can only trust in the true • /Mother's heart, He has left her free, our sufferings, day by day, in repara- and in particular for recourse to Better God leaten and denied, than t in the dispensation of her favors, to tion for our offenses, and for all the I ary, Quee of Peace. all the world beside in prosperity. , consult only the pleading of mercy intentions for which the Heart of without regard to the demands of ,Christ immolates Itself on our altars, t For you who believe in God and The unimgainative need concrete just,ce; but th,s truth the Catholic I but especially that we may obtain I the Catholic Church, and bne or two images. There must be some channel heart, wherever it is found, believes ] from Mary the return of peace, if we , other things, a onvinced optimism is for their aspirations to flow through, without the authority Of the great} are earnest in prayer and in work and[ the only reasonable philosophy. Lover of Mankind, and pray that He may not forsake us, but strengthen us for this hard life." Holiness seeks t propagate itself, becoming love as it does so, and'cries out, "Be Holy, for I am Holy.  \