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April 24, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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April 24, 1942

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PAGE EIGHT THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 24, 1942 Cathedral Rector Very Rev. Msgr. Francis A. Allen BISHOPS (Continued from page 1) 000 transmitted to the Papal Com- mission for Polish Relief. It was revealed that aid had been ex- tended to Polish refugees in Eng- land, France, Switzerland, Hun- gary, Roumania, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Cuba, and the United States. Aid Continues Steadily. Again "generous gifts" in aid of Polish sufferers were included in an additionaI allotment of $245- 000 for relief made available by the Bishops' Committee in Au- gust, 1941. This money was spent both in the United States and in Europe. Last Christmas, when the Bish- ops' Relief Committee made $300,- 000 available to His Holiness Pope Plus XII for the relief of distress- ed war victims in more than.a dozen countries, it was made known that Polish sufferers con- stituted a large percentage of the war victims receiving aid at the Holy Father's hand. Pope Plus XII allocated $47,000 to be disbursed in Poland itself, and set aside $20,0.00 to be used in Ireland for the relief of Polish and other refu- gees. Two allottments of $15,000 each were made to Portugal and Russia for the relief of Polish refugees in those countries. Disbursements by the Bishops' Relief Committee include $1O,00O for relief work made available to His Eminence Augustus Cardinal I Bbgota Holy Week Services Lauded Bogota, Colombia (E)--The ap- peal for the devout observance of Clouds el War Enoelop Field Of Church In Japanese Empire Where Francis Xavier Labored By Msgr. Thomas J. McDonnell, National Director, Society for Propagation of Faith * * ** * *** *** ** , ** ** , *** , **., ** , * This is the third of a series of stories in which Monsignor * * McDonnell is reviewing the presejat situation of the Missions * * of the Church in a war-torn world. The present story deals with * * the Japanese Empire. Subsequent stories will tell of mission * * problems in other present-day war areas. * Although Marco Polo made known the island empire of Japan as early as 1295. it remained for St. Francis Xavier to "discover" the nation for Christ. He was filled with admiration for the character of the Japanese Chris- tians "who became his delight." While the great Saint did not live to see the flowering of the seed of faith he,had planted', the records prove that within 100 years after his visit there had been 677,000 adult conversions to Catholicity. Unfortunately the reins of poli- tical power were then transferred to less sympathetic hands, thereby beginning a series of persecutions against the Christians. However, we learn that "over 60,000 conver- sions were made during the initial period of hiding" necessitated by the newly enacted mandates. What caused this change in policy? There are several reasons The first is attributable to the divergence between Christianity and Shintoism--the way of the gods--the recognized' national re- ligion of the country which deified the Emperor, crediting him with descent from the sun--goddess, be- getter of Jimmu, founder of the Japanese Empire. The second may be traced to the political unifica- tion of the nation which, desiring to solidify its control, decided up- on the exclusion of foreigners. Persecution of Christians; This is the background of politi- cal history which has a natural connection with Church events in Japan. In this regard the edict of 1587 and subsequent proclama- tions against Christianity had one factor in commonwthe intensity m persecution and the fortitude Holy Week issued by the Most Rev. Ismael Perdomo, Archbishop of the Christians. Actually they i 2 of the Catholic Church. It is not surprising then to learn that in 1866 the Seminary of Nagasaki was opened and that by 1938 We find that there are 40 native priests laboring in that diocese alone. What has been the progress of the Church in Japan since the nation reopened its doors to the world? Before considering the answer to this question, it must be remembered that the Church is always in advance in her planning for the future. From the days of the first Apostles she inaugurated her program of training a clergy indigenous to the nations she evangelized. The Seminary of 'Nagasaki was the first to begin The press of the Capital sus- pended publication on Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Prior to that, however, E1 Siglo, organ of the Conservative Party, President Santos' daily E1 Tiempo, and E1 Liberal, the voice of a large sec: tot of the.Liberal Party, all car- ried editorials and feature articles on Christianity and its present world status. Hlond, Primate of Poland, who was then conducting his relief ac- tivities from Rome; $50,000 to the Commission for Polish Relief, Inc., and $10,000 sent directly to Portugal at the request of Pope Pius XII for the care of Polish refugees in that country. this great work in "reopened" Japan, but it was by no means the last. Today the 15 ecclesiastical divisions of Japan proper number about 110 native priests, while there are 112 in Korea, one in Formosa and one in the mandated territory of Caroline and Marianne Islands. Of all the nations of the Far East, Japan stands alone in having the one native Archbishop in the Orient. Advance of Catholicism. Has Japan's Catholic, growth continued? It is a matter of common knowledge that in Japan the Church makes less rapid head- way. than in many parts of the mmslon world. Despite this a notable advance has been realized in Japan proper. Between 1938 and 1939 we learn that there were 12,588 conversions, bringing the total of Catholics in Japan to 117,- 760, in Korea to 156,282, in For- mosa to 9,449; the number re- mained practically the same in the Caroline and Marianne Islands; 21,697 Catholics. During this period the richest harvest of conversions was reaped in Japan proper in the big cities-- Tokyo and Osaka. The latest statistics show that there has been an encouraging increase in adult baptisms. Hardships caused by war have led many, particularly women, to seek comfort in re- ligion. We find' that in these two populous cities a considerable number of university students, puzzled by the enigma of life, have placed themselves under in- struction. At the outbreak of hostilities be- tween the United States and Japan there were 95 American mission- aries in Japan and Korea. These included Sisters of St. Ann, St. Columban's Foreign Mission Soci- ety, the Society of Jesus, the Socie- ty of Mary, the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, the Foreign Mis- sions Sisters of St. Dominic and the Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America. Hope for the Church, Naturally the future course of events is unpredicatable, but there remains hope for the Church. If, in post war days, Japan will allow Catholicism to function as it has in the past 50 years, there is little danger of recurrence of the dif- ficulties of the seventeenth, eigh- teenth, and early nineteenth cen- turies. Even with the readoption of her foreign exclusion policy Catholics would not be deprived of the consolation of their religion. The rative Metropolitan of Tokyo, Archbishop Dot, together with the indigenous Bishop of Nagasaki, Bishop Yamaguchi, and their suc- cessors could continue the admin- istrationof the Sacrament of Holy Orders thus continually augment- ing the number of native ministers in Nippon. The careful and con- tinued planning of education Cathedral Assistants A (Upper) Rev. John E. Murphy (Lower) Rev. Amos H. Enderlin Colombia Catholics Urged To Remedy Hospital Need Bogota, Colombia (E)--The Very Rev. Felix Restrepo, S. J., Rector of the Javeriana Pontifical Cath- olic University here, has appealed to all Catholics of the country to remedy the urgent need for hos- pitals in Colombia, and particu- larly in the Capital. With a constantly growing pop- ulation, Bogota hospitals cannot meet the demands made upon them, and unfortunately, those who suffer most from this situation USO Club Committees Announced Little Rock. -- Those young ladies of Greater Little Rock who have been assisting with the pro- gram activities at the U. S. O. Club, operated by the National Catholic Community Service, met at the club last Friday, April 17, to formulate plans and commit- tees for future activities. Special Activities Committee consisting of Jeanette Lynch, Ger- trude O'Brien, Jane Ragan, Rose Marie Gerke, Dorris Gerke and Joyce Jacquemine will work with a similar committee of service men to plan special parties at the club. Miss Gertrude and Frances Wai- ters, Theresa Wewers, and' Ann Hepp are on the Sports and Out- doors Committee to arrange pic- nics and other outdoor parties. The publicity committee consists of Ruth Jacquemine and Juanita Baer. Mary Fahrion, Mary E1- kins, Frances Cascia, and Cath- erine Boever will plan, with the service men, to provide musical and dramatic entertainment for special occasions. The Club Hos- I pitality Juniors will assume re- sponsibility in assisting the Club Hospitality Committee in serving the coffee and refreshments on Sunday. They are: Amelia Micek, Cecilia Drilling, Lillian Walters, Dorothy Kaufman, Lela Higgins Mary Zarnoski, Ellenora Smrek- er, Ruth Dillon, and Rose Mary Krallman. he first jointly planned party will take place on Saturday night, April 25. A carnival -- a really big one-night show--will be held. Fortune telling, hand- writing analysis, peep-shoWs, mag- reruns, a sketcher, bingo, horse races, dart throwing, dancing all will be part of the show. Any girls interested in participating in the fun of this carnival or in fu- ture events are asked to register at the U. S. O. Club if they have not already done so. Those girls already registered are invited to come and get on our band wagon of carnival fun. Lauds Pastor For Aid in Farming Statistics are persons who cannot afford to[ Bogota, Colombia (E)A letter enter private hospitals or clinics, from the Comptroller General of   ..... [the Republic, addressed to rural e.v. lOs. r-. an UnlO [pastors and asking their coopera- rrmst, Dies at 6s tion and collaboration in compiling ast Liver-eel O () Funeral Ivarious types of agricultural stat services for the Rev. . I " P P - Thomas E mtms, met wth a rom t and ef of e Easter Llv hcmnt response An arUcle ub Walsh, 65, dean th " - ' ' . " p - erpool clergy, were held Wednes- lished in the official bulletin of the day in St. Aloysius' Church, of I Comptroller's Office praises the which he was pastor. Solemn Re-Iwor of the clergy. quiem Mass was celebrated by the ] "These priests," the bulletin Most Rev. James A. McFadden, [says" are areat ,atriots and mn Auxiliary Bishop of Cleveland. [wh'o'havestudied,with undeniable --'--'--    preoccupation, the situation of our courses could insure the training incipient agriculture in regions re- mote from the principal centers of consumption. In Colombia the clergy has always had great in- fluence in all the memorable days of our Country, and that is why, : without any hesitation, we called for the happy intervention of the clergy in behalf of one of the most interesting chapters of national economy." of the youths who would consti- tute the Catholic priesthood of this nation. Finally there are the fervent Catholics of Japan--Catholics who have loved and' practiced their re- ligion for 400 years. God grant that they may continue to increase, thereby fulfilling the hopes of the zealous Francis Xavier. Carty Construction Co. / . CONTRACTORS FOR THE New St. Andrew's Cathedral Hall Congratulates Msgr. Francis A. Allen and Cathedral Parish on Completion of Their Fine Hall Carty Construction Company REIGLER BUILDING "QUI (Continued from the freedom of the not mean tl!t known should be incidents that concern should be kept scret reports about the family is the our nation, as strong as its the democratic nation as the family. This allowed to deteriorate have as a nation practice of successive According to the sound philosophy the natural law. The of marriage is the the human race. in this nation today shameless practice of tion with the many low in its wake. If to accomplish the ocratie principles, it the return of the riage and the dignity !hood. If this is not !the fight for the cracy will again be Have you ever been home for any and have you eagerly the postman to bring which never came? If appreciate the feelings boys in the service tcred over the length I of the world nd are that word from the It is always harder wh, is away. Tile home comfort each other, member who is away that loneliness that feelings, tQ be alone Letter writing has thing of a lost art in cles to day. Young through the modern institutions without about anything and about such :t practicM ing a friendly letter. thLq kind takes the versation. It should be should be intimate and latest doings of the ures about the locality much more interesting is far from home. A humor here and there, erence to some smart the absent one can laugh over, is tonic gia. Think of how will feel after a lmrd ing to receive a letter home town. Why do to each other so free of them several times cause they have the their thoughts and his. So write often to there. They are havl perience, t trying one need moral support. Do much attention to the fd letter. It should be eaS] ural. The best time to letter is as soon as p its receipt. It is thet warmth of friendship the mind best md th expressed with ease. Benedictines (Continued from structor: Mrs. Hazel Alice Cunningham, Faulhauber, Miss Miss Elsie Hickman Louise Ostner, Mrs. mey, Miss Roxy An Mrs. Ellen Webb, Whitcomb, and Mrs. liams. , !