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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 24, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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April 24, 1942

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PAGE SIX THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 24, 1942 Cathedral History Bishop's Principal Church Shares Stru991es of Diocese Little Rock.--The early history of the Cathedral parish is bound up in the Diocese of Little Rock's struggle for existence. The earliest recorded offering of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in Little Rock :wa in 1830 by Father Donnelly of the St. Louis Arch- diocese, of which the Diocese of Little Rock was then a part. In at- tendance at this Mass were the first parishioners of St. Andrew's Cathedral parish, names which even now have a familiar ring to pioneer members of the present congregation: Jacob Reider, Mrs. Bowman, Mrs. Dempsey, Mrs. Kinnear, Mrs. DeGursey, Miss Betty Bruder and five members of the Dugan family. The Mass was offered over Dugan's Store, at Main near Second, the present site of Snodgrass & Bracy Drug Store. Father Donnelly was assigned as resident pastor to the Little Rock congregation in 1838 and as his flock grew larger a building on East Markham near Third was secured for religious services. Up to the time of Father Donnelly's appoint- ment priests, sents from archdio- cesan chancery at St. Louis had made infrequent visits to admin- ister to the needs of the few, scat- tered Catholics. b In 1839, Father Bole and Father Paris were sent to Little Rock to erect a church on the plot of ground between 6th and 7th on Louisiana and Center Sts., pre- sently occupied by the Arcade. This property had been donated by Col. Chester Ashley. This first church to be erected tn Little Rock, known as the old "French Cht/rch," was completed in 1841 and dedi- cated' by Bishop Loras of Dubu- que, Ia. With the erection of a convent on the same site, the Sis- ters of Loretta, who were stationed at St. Mary's, near Pine Bluff, took over tim convent and opened a day school. Eighteen hundred and forty-' three saw the erection of the State of Arkansas into a separate dio- cese by the Holy See and on March 10, 1844, Blshop Andrew Byrne, D. D., was consecrated first Bish- op of Little Rock. As no Bishop's House had been provided, a house on East Markham was rented for this purpose. The first St. And'rew's Cathe- dral was erected in 1845 at Sec- ond and Center Sts., with Malaeha Abbott as architect. The first Mass in the Cathedral was offered up in November, 1845. In 1850, the newly ordained priest Father Reilly was appointed by Bishop Byrne as rector of the Cathedral, in which capacity he served for 21 years. Failing health brought him t0 his home in Ire- land, in 1879, where .he died in 1882. Father Reilly not only serv- ed as rector of the Cathedral while in Little Rock but later as Admin- istrator of the Diocese from 1862, at the death of Bishop Byrne, un- til the consecration of Bishop Ed- ward Fitzgerald, second Bishop of Little Rock. ,It was then that Fa- ther Reilly was appointed Vicar General of the Diocese. As a mem- orial, the bell in the present Cathe- dral was dedicated in his honer. In February, 1851, the Mercy Sisters, who were to have the care of the school at Seventh and Louisiana Sts., and later to erect a spacious academy and convent in the Heights, arrived in Little Rock with Bishop Byrne, who recogniz- ing the need of the help of the Sis- ters, had sailed to Ireland to se- cure a community. The Sisters opened a day school with 35 pupils, mostly non-Catho- lics. With the growth of the parish, the parochial school was separated from the academy which went to a larger building erected at Sixth and Louisiana Sts. Father O'Kean was appointed rector of the Cathedral in 1871. It was then that the Benevolent So- ciety and Young Men's Sodality, first Cathedral organizations, were formed. His sudden death in 1875, brought about the appintment of Father Aegid'ius He, r/neman, who was also Vicar General. Father Henneman was succeeded by Fa- ther Halliman, who served for six years. At Doctor Halliman's death the Rev. P. F. O'Reilly, formerly pastor of the Church of the Im- maculate Conception in St. Louis, was appointed rector, in which capacity he served several years. It wasthe Very Rev. Father O'Cal- laghan, Father O'Reilly's succes- sor, who was responsible for the interior decoration of the present Cathedral erected in 1878 and dedicated on November 30, 1882 by Bishop Fitzgerald. Of Gothic architecture, the Ca- thedral was designed by Thomas Harding, a member of the parish. At the resignation of Father O'Callaghan, Bishop Fitzgerald named as the Cathedral rector, the Rev. Patrick Enright, of beloved membry to many present mem- bers of the Cathedral congrega- tion. Father Enright was elevated to the dignity of a Dom6stie Pre- late with Bishop Morris presiding at the investiture in St. Andrew's Cathedral. Failing health caused his removal to Pine Bluff from there to St. Vincent's Infirmary, and finally to St. Joseph's Infir- mary, in Hot Springs, where he died April 10, 1917. The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Thos, V. Tobin assumed the rectorship of the Cathedral following the death of Monsignor Enright. Monsignor Tobin spent 11 years in the Cathe- dral parish. Failing health caused' his resignation and removal to St. Vincent's Infirmary, where he died in 1922. His successor was his assistant Msgr. Jhs. P. Moran, who died December, 1940, after 20 years of Congratulations.... THE PLASTERING IN ST. ANDREW'S PARISH HALL BY Frank gulhavy Ph. 3-0634 4109 W. 14th St. Little Rock, Arkansas Congratulations... Dates From 1838 Polish Leader Monsignor Zygmunt Kaczynski,  who is visiting in the United States with Genera] Sikorski, Prime Minister of Poland. Col- First Social In New Hall Great Success Little Rock--A capacity crowd filled the main auditorium, bal- cony and conference rooms on the occasion of the first social to be held in the new parish hall on Ninth and Louisiana streets, last Monday night. Card players used the auxiliary rooms behind the stage. John Albert Healy, chairman of April circle, said he received many compliments on the setting for the affair. New 10-foot length bingo tables and new card tables were used throughout. A full supply of steel chairs are in the equipment. Frank Oberle, Tom Newton and C. H. Richter and other members of the circle are given due credit for the success of the affair. Bingo parties in the new hall will be held ev.ery Wednesday night. The April circle will also sponsor a supper on April 30. : , , onei Kaczynski is Dean of Polish Army Chaplains, member of the Polish National Council, Chap- lain to the President of Poland and Director of Ecclesiastical Af- fairs for the Polish Government in Exile. Before the war he was a Capon of the Warsaw Cathedral and Director of KAP, Polish Cath- olic news agency. (N.C.W.C.) service in the Cathedral parish. Monsignor Moran, a native of Brockton, Mass., was ordained by His Excellency, the Most Rever- end Bishop, as was the present rec- tor, the Very Rev. Msgr. Francis A. Allen, a native son of the Ca- thedral parish. The location of the Cathedral School was changed in 1923 from the old site at sixth and Louis- iana to the John M. Gracie Estate, on East Sixth, purchased by the Cathedral parish with the ap- proval of Bishop Morris. The Bish- op solemnly blessed the new school in January, 1924. Directing the school now are the Olivetan Bene- dictine Sisters, of Jonesboro, with Sister M. Gertrude as superior. Parish socials were held in one of the two buildings on the school site until the erection of the pre- sent parish hall at Ninth and Louisiana Sts. With wise foresight Monsignor Allen purchased for the Cathedral the new building site, only two blocks from the Cathedral. The building is modern to the last de- tail, providing kitchen and dining room, conference room, auditor- ium, stage and balcony. Cebu Invasion Isolates 3 MaryknoR Missioners New York. ().--The landing of the Japanese on the Island of Cebu has cut off three Maryknoll !missioners from outer communica: tions. Fathers Robert E. Sheridan, of Chicago; Timothy l. Daley, of Pal- mer, N. Y., and William R. Mc- Carthy, of Waterbury, Conn., in residence in Cebu at the time of the invasion, were assigned to this island in July. 1940. It is presumed that the three priests are still in Cebu although it is impossible to verify their ex- act whereabouts at the present time because communications with that territory have ]een suspended since shortly after the invasion began. Grace is exceedingly necessary to begin that which is good, to go forward with it, and to accomplish it. For without it nothing can be done. All thing: are possible when strengthening grace. No prayer is ever lost; we may sometimes think it is, when we see our misery, but God Who gives the dispositions for prayer, also re- wards the efforts we make. St. Andrew's new $40,000 Cathedral hall, viewed from Ninth Street at Louisiana. ThGeUmdr: tion, the auditorium and dining room combined, is flanked by rooms on either side formFe These rooms are kitchen, conference rooms, dressing rooms. The stage will provide for srauli performances ana movie screening. -  J l l II / '" Catholic College Has a: Notable Debate RecOrd 'e H011and Japanese Church 0 ..... I r Washington. (E).--A n o b f' ./ I ' otrvcl Jly cord has -been establishl!d (;itni31lf 2,497 Religious l three decades by the' llU IVi %haw i ' (ByN. C.W.C. News Service) deb.ams of C- r " . ,| " TWO thousand four hundred' Uni err .... ..,.!l. To date in the currele KeSlSt plazls and ninety-seven priests, Broth- " giving "disquieting attentiozf' to Catholic activities in that occupi- ed country, it is stated in the cur- rent issue of "Netherland News," fortnightly bulletin published here by the Netherlands Information Bureau. Nazi newspapers, the bulletin !says, accuse the Catholic clergy of Holland of advising their con- ,gregations openly to reject the Nazi philosophy, both political and religious. They further charge, the bulletin states, that Catholics have '"steadfastly refused to co- operate in the Winter Relief cam- ]paign." One of these newspapers, De Waag, is quoted as having stat- ed that Catholics have gradually grown more antagonistic toward the "New Order" and have repeat- edly disregarded "well-meant warnings." "In the schools, too," the bul- letin says, "the Catholics of the Netherland. refuse to bow down to Nazi influences. When the chief inspector of schools in two south- ern provinceswhich are mainly Catholic in their make-uplis- cussed with 17 of his inspectors the possibility 'demanding com- plete cooperation in training ,for the New Order instead of flabby neutrality, passive resistance and sabotage,' he was supported by only one inspector. The remain- ing 16 voiced their opinion through a spokesman who said: 'We are confirmed Catholics. We have taken an oath on the constitution to which we shall adhere. We shall never do anything contrary to our convictions as Catholics.'" L th In 3 t "a-'o"c 00ena-or Nazi in- vaders of Holland lately have been ISees Religious Resurrection ances, religion is not dying; but rather is on the eve of a glorious resurrection. This coming Easter Sunday thousands upon thou- sands of our soldiers will attend religious services, and thousands upon thousands of sailors over the broad blue waters of all the seas of the globe will bend their knees and bow their heads in devout rayer. This coming Easter Sun- ay, in the thousands of churches throughout the United States, mil- lions upon millions of all creeds of faith will kneel, with bowed head, before their God and pray earnestly for the overthrow of Nazi paganism, and the restora- tion of religious freedom and a peace of justice and charity that will bring joy and benediction to victor and vanquished alike." ers and Sisters, of whom 1,- the University not only .l. ''1 333, considerably more than undefeated in interco . half, were natives, were labor-: bate but has won all i  ing within the Japanese Empire '. unanimously. Victories h (including Korea, Formosa and U ni Vir Washington. (E). -- The Senate of the United States, on Good Fri- day, heard one of its members-- Senator James E. Murray, of Mon- tana-call attention to a lesson to be drawn for a world at war from Holy Week and Easter: that "the Crucifixion was the necessary pre- lude" to the Resurrection and' that "if religion, like Christ, seems con- quered today, faith assures us of the coming of a better day." Addressing the Senate, Senator Murray, who is a Catholic, cited the state of freedom and religion under a Hitlerized Europe, but de- clared that in spite of Nazi op- pression and terrorism, persons of faith are secretly and in danger of their lives listening to the words of spiritual comfort emanat- ing from foreign radios. "That is why I am convinced that Hitler has failed," Senator Murray asserted. "That is why I declare on this Good Friday that the little paper hanger of Munich suffering from delusions of gran- deur, dreaming that he can throw God out of Europe and usurp, his throne in the souls of men, }s a complete and ridiculous failure. The age-old truths of the Bible are infinitely stronger than the maniacal ravings of that despic- fable Nazi dictator. "The peoples of Europe are wil- ling to risk their lives to listen [to the words of Holy Scripture defying Hitler. They risk their lives daily in order to hear a few words about the God in Whom they repose their love and faith. i That is why I say there is a sim- ilarity between the Resurrection of Our Lord two thousand years ago and the resurrection of relig- ion in Europe today." Recalling the persecution of Christ's followers in the past, Sen- ator Murray declared that the Catholic Church "recognizes clear- ly, even as does Hitler, that Cath- olicism and Naziism cannot be re- conciled." "All American Catho- lics recognize this fact," he added. "They understand that all Cath- olics must engage in this struggle to save Christianity. They realize, too, the important obligation, once the fight is won, of laying the foundations of a just and lasting peace based upon Christian prin- ciples." Senator Murray quoted His Holi- ness Pope Pins XII's Encyclical on "The Function of the State in the Modern World, then added: "I have touched on some of the things that come to my mind' dur- ing this Holy Week of 1942 things that leas me to believe firmly that, in spite of apear- the Marianne and Caroline Is- ',lands) in 1938, when the last official figures of the Catholic: Church in Japan, for 1938, were i compiled. In Japan proper there were 416 priests, 117 of whom were natives; 214 Brothers, 105 of whom were natives, and 1,253 Sisters, 759 of whom were na- tives. In Korea, Formosa and the mandated islands there were 262 priests, 114 of whom were na- tives; '52 Brothers, eight of: whom were natives, and' 300: Sisters, 230 of whom were na- tives. scored over the Florida, Buckness, Mary, University of vard and Princeton. _J,. In the last 31 years G* varsity teams have lost,l eight debates. The m0J:--m winning streak was fr0, . 1938, seventeen years w'.! not a single debate was 1!! of the colleges on the C 1 schedule have never TaWl Georgetown teams, l"t: and the University of F!. the only colleges that deeisins hnhalsf, their e' , with the :[ Grace, which makes $t spirit rich in virtues, g"r[lg! ! who is rich in many humble of heart. Congratulations Malvern Brick & Tile -k Malvern, Arkansas Congratulations Congratulations... P. H. Scheid Cut Stone C0. ST. ANDREW'S PARISH HALL Lumber, Millwork and Insulation Board on For Beauty, Durability and Strength Build With Natural Stone. WILL BE HEATED BY PAYNE FURNACES St. Andrew's Parish Hall Furnished by Contractor for CUT BUILDING STONE Office and Mill 1301 EAST 3rd STREET LITTLE ROCK, ARK. Selh-Wilson Company 1020 Main Street Little Rock, Arkansas MONARCH Mill and Lumber Co. 2611 West 7th Street 'Phone 7109