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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 23, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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April 23, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 23, 1943 Murders of Three Priests, Ruin Of Missions By Japanese In China, Described By Returned Vincentian Washington. (E)--Bearer of a home. It took them five months story of the cruel murders of three of travel by boats, trains and priests along with scores of Chin- ese children and aged by Japanese soldiers and of their vandalism which virtually wrecked a century of mission work in one Province of China, the Rev. Vincent D. Smith, C.M., has just returned to this country after seven years m the Chinese mission fields. Father Smith was sent back to this country to lay the ground work for the post-war rebuilding of the Vincentian missions in the Province of Kiangsi, China. Head- quarters of the Vincentian Foreign Mission Society is in St. Louis. With two other Vincentian priests--the Rev. George Yager and the Rev. Herbert Vandenberg --and with five nuns of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vin- cent de Paul, all of whom had worked in Kiangsi Province, Fath- er Smith made the long voyage BANNER MATTRESS AND RUG Co. Phone 4-2307 1720 East Sixth St. LITTLE ROCK, ARK. planes to reach Miami, Fla. 1,500 Catholic Victims First of the outrages related by Father Smith occurred last June. The missionary estimated that of 26,0'00 Catholics in the Province at that time, 1,500 had been killed, starved to death or were missing up to the time he left China. Of the 30 missions throughout the Province, he said 24 either had been looted, damaged or demol- ished completely by the invading Japanese. The Most Rev. Charles Quinn, C.M., Bishop of Yugiang Vicariate, estimated that the damage to the churches, schools, rectories and other mission buildings of the Pro- vince would run well in excess of $1,000,000, Father Smith stated. Father Smith was with Bishop Quinn at Kiangsi when the first word that a Japanese invasion was imminent arrived last June. Bish- op Quinn quickly assembled all nuns, orphans and aged at his headquarters--a group of ap- proximately 300, Father Smith" said. It was decided to leave the Rev. Humbert Verdini, C.M., an Italian priest, at the Bishop's head'quart- ers with a group of 20 Chinese or- phan girls and 30 aged Chinese. Because of the Axis tie-up of Italy and Japan, Father Smith explain- ed, it was believed the Italian priest would not be harmed. Bish- op Quinn led the rest of the party to a village 20 miles distant, there to await word of the Japanese de- parture, from Kiangsi. The party was at the village only a short time when word came the Japan- ese were headed that way, so the refugees made for a mountain hide-out of straw huts and stayed there for weeks. Living on rice and vegetables, until word came that the Japanese had left the section. All At Mission Slain A villager and a priest were dis- EASTER GREETINGS U. &-Born Korean Sister Margaret Cordls0 the for- mer Margaret Fields of Los An. gems, the first American-born he. rean to enter the Maryknoll Sis. ters was among those receiving the religious habit of the com. munity recently. She is pictured following the ceremonies at Mary. knoll, N. Y., which were conducted by Bishop James E. Walsh, M.M., Superior General of the Maryknoll Eaiers.C.]N.C.) patched to Kiangsi to learn how Father Verdini had fared. They found the Bishop's house burned to the ground, two schools and other mission buildings in com- plete ruins. Beside a pond in a garden to the rear of the Bishop's house, they found Father Verdini's hat. In the pond and in a nearby lime kiln were the bones of the priest, children and aged--all of whom had perished at the hands of the Japanese. The next priest to fall victim to the ruthlessness of the Japanese was the Rev. Michael Poizot, C.M., BUDWEISER ON TAP ........ WINE -- SOFT DRINKS SANDWICHES PLATE LUNCHES TONY MASSA'S CAFE 119-121 E. Markham How Date Of Easter Is Computed Easter is not always celebrated on the same day each year. Since the Council of Nice in 325, it is al- ways observed on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox. Hence this Sunday may come as early as March 22 and as late as April 25. Easter regulates all the movable feasts of the Church. Pope's Program To Insure Peace Says Congressman Washington. (E)--The five-point program for world peace propos- ed by His Holiness Pope Plus XII in his address last Christmas Eve "if adopted, would mark an end of wars." Representative James M. Curley, of Massachusetts, as- serted during the course of a speech in the House of Represen- tatives, here. a Frenchman, who was stationed at Yushan. Father Smith said Father Poizot was captured by the invaders in his mission and given such a severe beating that he lost his mind. He died several weeks later as a result of the cruelties. The other priest murdered by the Japanese was the Rev. Joseph Kwei, a Chinese, who was helping out with the mission work. He was captured in Likatu by two Japanese soldiers, who informed him they had been sent to kill him. One soldier withdrew several paces and leveled a rifle at Father Kwei. As the priest lowered his head, ap- parently in prayer, he was de- capitated by the other soldier,. wielding a huge sword, who had stood immediately to the rear of Father Kwei. ] In Fuchow, Father Smith re- lated, two American priests told him virtually their entire mission congregation of 40 orphans and 70 aged had been wiped out. Upon learning the Japanese were head- ed toward the mission, the priest left sufficient supplies of food for their charges, hoping the children and old folks would be unharmed, and fled to a village 30 miles away. When that village was menaced, they retreated to a more remote village. After two months they returned and learned the Japanese had looted the mission, leaving the children and aged to starve. More than half the orphans per- ished and only five of the old folks survived. All Schools Closed Father Smith said bestial atroc- ities were practiced by the Japan- ese troops in raids throughout the province. He said all schools Of the Vicariate have been closed while lack of funds prevents re- pairs. He added Chinese currency is practically worthless and prices of commodities are away out of reason. For example, he said, a bushel of rice which normally sold for $2, now is priced at $90 in Chinese money, or $15 in gold. American cigarettes, he said, were selling for $5 in gold per pack- age. Immediately following his ordi- nation in 1935 in his native Chi- cago, Father Smith was assigned to the China mission fields. Things progressed smoothly, despite the Sino-Japanese war, in the Pro- vinee until last summer when the series of raids swept the missions, Father Smith said. Swiss Chemist Given Vacancy In Pontifical Acad. Vatican City. (E)--The selection of Leopold Ruzicka, professor of organic chemistry at the Univer- sity of Zurich, to occupy the seat left vacant in the Pontifical Aca- demy of Sciences by the death of the French physicist Edouard Branley, was officially announced at the inauguration of the seventh academic year by the president, the Very key. Agostino Gemelli, O.F.M., professor of applied psy- chology and' Rector Magnificus of the Pontifical University of the Sacred Heart at Milan. Father Gemelli also welcomed the new Academician, Garcia Sineriz, vice- president of the Institute of Spain, who was attending his first session of the Academy, and expressed the sympathy of fellow-academicians to Gian Carlo Vallauri, professor of electrotechnics at the Turin Institute of Engineering, whose son was killed in action. Emanuel de Margerie, recipient of this year's Plus XII award, was described as "one of the deans of students of geology since he was born November 11, 1862," and "ir- regular" in that he attended Al- bert de Lapparent's lectures at the CathoHe nstitute of Paris for 14 years but never completed a regular curriculum of scholastic life, never aspired to doctorate, and never has had an academic career, although "probably the most outstanding living geologist." He has lectured by invitation at the principal American univer- sities, is a member of the Institute of France, has received the Delesse and Raulin prizes of the French Academy of Sciences, the Prest- wich prize of the French Geological Society, the Malte-Brun award of the Geographic Society of Paris, the Lyell medal of the British EASTER GREETINGS ROSSI BROS. CAFE Plate Lunches Italian Dishes Steaks and Chops EASTER GREETINGS Independent Linen Service Co. L. B. Leigh & Co. , Compliments of 8|TWestSeventh Phone 9119 INSURANCE RUEBEL FUNERAL HOME Arkansas General Agents Little Rock, Arkansas 1210 Wolfe St. Phone 4-0207 16 Nun-Teachers the official Red Cross textbook, the nuns have Turn Students In studying lastest methods of Red Cross Work care of themselves and Denver. (E)-- In the interest during the war emergency. of the Red Cross and humanity, They are Sisters of Charity! 16 nun-teachers of the Cathedral St. Vincent de Paul, whose Convent here have turned stud- ents once again, i erior is Sister Mary Janet. Taking time off from conduct- ters of the community ing classes in the Cathedral hospitals in Colorado, New School, the nuns have been taking ico and Ohio. course under the instruction of i The sixteen Mrs. Franklin Keyser, a Red i lmpils !are Sister Mary Cross worker and graduate of !Sister Sylvia, Sister Mary Mercy Hospital, Denver. Using burga, Sister Mary Finian, Agnes Dolores, Sister Mary Geological Society, the Victoria asia, Sister Marie Joan, medal of the Geographic Society Ruth Agnes, Sister A, of London, the Cullum medal of ter Margaret Eleanor, the American Geographical Soc- Mary Louise, Sister Rose iety and the Mary Clark Thomson Sister Loretto Marie, medal of the National Academy of Roberts Marie and Sister Sciences at Washington, Aloysia. M. J. SIESEL AND CO' LEATHER SHOE FINDINGS SHOE POLISH 913-915 Main Street Little Rock. Ark. EASTER GREETINGS TREADWAY I00LI00CIIIIC CO,, Phone 4-3774 W. A. Treadway Thee C. Treadway "We Grind Professional and Household Cutlery" Arnold Barber & Beauty Supply Co. 513 Center Street Little Rock, Arkansas CRONE HARDWARE SPORTING GOODS China and Queensware, Paints and Varnishes Screen Doors, Wire, Roofing 223 Main Street Phone 4-1168 NORTH LI'rFLE ROCK, ARK. HEGARTY DRUG COMPANY 4th and Main Sts. Phone 9111 Little Rock, Arkansas Cash Oil Co. 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