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Arkansas Catholic
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April 23, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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April 23, 1943
 

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i t Springs rt Smith ittle Rock olume XXXII THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK I..i I'FLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, APRIL 23, 1943 OVER THE TOP FOR VSTORY UNITED STA"rlES WAR BOHDS,STAHPS SECTION II NO. 16 ' Greek Easter Coincide 00at=n I *or Second Successive Year . . . " whichl.c W C Easter Supplement) t nly is Palestine the Hly ihhegtlrei?!a!lsi!enfitd  :?. of all Christians, but it is Y la varying derees to Moslems lIews as well . Here each of sun in its relation to the seasons, three religions has its own Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 reform- bath, the Mohammedans ob- ed the calendar, so as to bring it ng Friday, the Jews Satur- back into step with the earth's and the Christians, of course, journey around the sun. England, , as their days of rest and with its new-found zeal for the = .P. Beside their weekly Sab- Cal days, each religious group own major and minor tes- l,' .With the result, for instance, ['Jals year of 1943 will witness s than six New Year's Days m':'ved in the Holy Land. Even .auraber is exceeded by the 'ler.ot Christmas Days, since lrbtestival is celebrated 14 times i bYlthten:arzous Chr]shan $te- his time, the approach of -:_L. invites attention to the ob- h,.,Ynces of that great Christian es'' Which more or less coin- ,ere with the Jewish Pes- :-x ,sover), the Moslem Nebl ': xr'rophet Moses) holidays, 1, .With the Sam-ritan Passover, h oct = h Urs within a lunar month "l"q of the Jews proper atp l%vo Easters Usually Is,;"  how, the Orthodox Greeks VLealestine have not adonted the g.rla n calendar, accepted at 2t by the Eastern Orthodox = in Greece and elsewhere laity 3' Two distinct Easters are , Celebrated in the Holy ':s a result of the dissidents' --.u,, 13 days behind the calen- #klw, s. e by the rest of the civi- in 45 B.C. that Julius the Julian cal- ler himself, as one reforms. Incidental- his name was fur- by changing the to July, as also of the old month Reformation and Puritan hatred of everything even remotely sav- oring of Popes and Papacy, did not accept the new calendar until 1752, when the so-called "Old Style" date was then eleven days behind the rest of the world--and the sun. Even then, people clam- order for the 11 precious days of life, of which they thought they had been deprived by the "Catho- lic innovation" Two Easters Coincide In accordance with an ancient rule, based in turn upon the Pass- over date under the Old Law, Easter day is the first Sunday af- ter the full moon which follows the vernal equinax, or first day of spring. Should this full moon, however, occur on Sunday, then Easter is the Sunday next follow- ing. Under the Julian calendar, still in use by a large number of the Christians in Palestine, an en- tirely different date for Easter is generally arrived at, since March 21, usually the first day of spring, under their system does not actually occur until April 3, and therefore may affect a later full moon than does the earlier date. The usual result of this dis- parity is to bring the "Greek Easter" later than the "Latin" one. However, it happens that the two Easters do coincide about every four years, although this con- currence in two successive years, as has happened in 1942 and 1943, is rare, taking place only about twice in a century. In fact, they will not again come together two #][was m- eStablislaecl . "earliest re e doing, his ': rputated b Zt t Q,t.ls' Et?, , i.a lieu atl, Pope's Easter Blessin9 Lapsed For 59 Years STO'FVAT-NC-R'UCIFIX-E;U-NL'SHISTO'- From Balcony, St. Peter's Blessed Rome And World Recent research work by Roberto Battaglia, a learned Roman professor, has focused attention upon two interesting facts. One is that none other than Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned the models for the crucifixes one sees on the altars Of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. The other is that Pope Alex- ander VII paid such close attention to details in connection with the erection and furnishing of St. Peter's that he changed the model for the. crucifixes so that the Corpus would be that of the living Christ rather than the dead Redeemer. In 1657, with a view to hastening the completion of the Vatican Basilica as much as possible, Pope Alexander VII ordered the candlesticks and crucifixes necessary for the 26 altars in, the great edifice. Cardinal Chigl was in immediate charge of the construction work, and the order was carried out through his olce. Bernlni, who designed the world-famous colonnade ,of St. Peter's, was then archi- tect of the Basilica. He ordered Gian Maria Glorgettl, a wood carve, to make the models for three sets of candlesticks, of different proportions, and one crucifix. He seems not to have been satisfied with the results, for in the following year he began work on them himself. In 1858, Erc01e Ferrata, a collaborator of Bernini, worked on the models,.and the candlesticks and crucifixes have heretofore been accredited to him. ) named for his nephew Now, however, Professor Battaglia has brought to light a bill filed by Paola Carnieri, a foundryman, ctavius, who as the first In 1861 It is for the casting of 26 crucifixes and a candlestick "made for,the service of the Reverend Porer was the Augustus Fabbrica of St. Peter's, in conformity with the model of Slg. Cavaliere Berninl." Bernini himself 'he reigned over Pales- Initialed the bill, and thus it would seem he intended to authenticate the work as his own. This in- s Birth of Christ. years in succession until the years dicat that the earlier models were given a revision by Bernini himself, and that the crucifixes now because of the faulty 2010 and 2011. seen la St. Peter's are his work. Research has also revealed this fat )t notable importance in the history of Catholic devotion. There are twd distinct models, One regesents the dead Christ, with His head reclining on His breast A picture bf this crucifix appears at the' right above. The other model, a second one, was made at the express direction of Pope Alexander VII, who called upon the sculptor to execute a crucifix that would show Our Lord as still alive, with His head uplifted to Heaven. A picture of this crucifix ap- e JONES !! E RA.O pears*st the left above. This, It has been pointed out, illustrates not only the close attention the Pontiff paid to details relating to the Basilica, but also his deep piety and his desire for the cultivation i : l i l ofthePietYright.in the(FotoSOUlSGuidotti.)of the faithful. Inserted above is a photograph showing a detail of the crucifix at Iv- Accidents In Holy Now Is The Time Land Increase To Get Spring Despite Auto Ban (N.C.W.C. Easter Supplement) Clothes Ready Despite the prediction that the banning of private motor-cars r would result in fewer traffic ac- cidents, making the Holy Land' a Have us clean them "pedestrians' .paradise," there has , the odorless way been instead a 25 per cent increase in accidents and traffic fatalities GREETINGS FROM ZORIC during the few months the restric-tion has been in force The scarcity of privately oper- WILSON , ated automobiles has brought about a corresponding shortage of buses, CRAI(3HEAD now that both the lowly and the BOTTLING COMPANY great must patronize that demo- Fu rn itu re Co cratic means of conveyance. Now 628 Ouachita indeed does the bus live up to its Laundry & Cleaners Latin name: onmibus--"for all." HOT SPRINGS 209-217 Broadway Roman Tomb Found Hot Springs, Arkansas Hot Springs, Ark. In Holy Land On Museum Grounds (NC.W.C. Easter Supplement) Almost on the threshold' of the Palestine Archeological Museum presented to the country a few years ago through the munificence of John D. Rockefellera tomb of 00pHrr"om-00'men's the Roman epoch has been acci- dentally discovered by workmen. The ancient grave, so conveniently located in the Museum's own grounds, is reported to contain a woman's skeleton, together with some jewelry and precious stones. SOUTHERN EASTER GREETINGS Last Appearance Of Pius IX And Impressive Ceremonies Of 1870 Recalled. Revived 1929 By Plus XI CLUB Opposite Arlington Hotel (N.C.W.C. Easter Supplement) On Easter Sundays 59 years apart, two Popes stood on the bal- cony of St. Peter's Basilica and gave their blessings to the City of Rome and to the World. The first of these Pontiffs was Pope Plus IX, and the occasion was the last Easter Sunday before the Popes were despoiled of their temporal dominions. The second Pontiff was Pope Plus XI, and the occasion referred to in his case was the first Easter Sunday following the conclusion of the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy. In between those years--- 1870 and 1929the Bishop of Rome was a prisoner in the Vati- can, and he did not appear above St. Peter's Square on Easter Sun- day to give his blessing to enor- mous outpourings of the taithtul gathered below him. It has been said that no Easter solemnity in Rome has matched the observance of the great Feast of 1870. The Vatican Council was then in session, and had served to gather about the Holy Father 48 Cardinals, ten Patriarchs, 595 Archbishops and Bishops, and 46 Abbots and heads of religious communities from all parts of the world. Rome was indeed tilled with the highest dignitaries of the Church. All Ceremonies In Basllictt The usages of the Papal Court require that, under ordinary cir- cumstances, some of the cere- monies of Holy Week, in which the Holy Father participates, shall be celebrated partly (that is, on Palm Sunday and on Easter) in the Vati- can Basilica, and some (that is, on Holy Thursday and Good Friday) in the Sistine Chapel. In 1870, Pope Plus IX disposed that all the ceremonies be held in St. Peter's Basilica, and they are said to have been more imposing than any seen before. The Easter solemnities of 1870 were completed with a popular feast. Every year it was usual to cele- brate April 12, to commemorate the anniversary of the return of Pope Plus IX from Gaeta (1850), and the escape from injury of Pope Plus IX and a large number of ecclesiastics when the floor collapsed beneath them in the Monastery of the Canons Regular near the Basilica of St. Agnes (1855). The fact that the Holy Father and all about him were free 'from any serious wounds when they were taken from the debris was attributed to the miraculous protection of the Blessed Virgin, whose intercession the Pope in- voked at the moment of the dis- aster. The anniversary was ob- served with sentiments of graft- :ude. In the year 1870 the date April 2 fell on the Tuesday of Holy Week, and: the rejoicings were postponed till the Wednesday af- ter Easter, April 20. Te Deum Of Thanksgiving On that day, Pope Plus IX went to the Basilica of St. Agnes where he assisted in the chanting of the Te Deum of thanksgiving. Then See BLESSING on page 5 I ROYAL COLA CROWN BEST BZ TASTE-TEST * EASTER GREETINGS ROYAL CROWN" TWO GOOD HOTELS . PULLMAN l WAUKESHA Opposite Bath House Row JAMES A. LONGINOTTI, Manager HOT SPRINGS ARKANSAS The Government does not set any limit For MAINTENANCE and REPAIRS VALLEY LUMBER & SUPPLY CO. 105 West Grand Ayenue Telephone 96 & 186 i , i EASTER GREETINGS ' J Mo[t]otl Smith Hot Springs, Arkansas " u More u. s. War Bonds & Stamps "Stores all over town" STUEART'S STORES HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK, ARK.