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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 23, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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April 23, 1943

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PAGE FOUR LI'I"TLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, APRIL 23, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkanm 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DTOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and ! pray God that it may he an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent def.mder of the religion we all love so well. I tend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that Its career may be long and prosperous, JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rook. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINE MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian offlee not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Telehons 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture 5africa----Knights of Columbus of Arkmas Paragould Councll, No. 1713-- 812.00 Fort Smith Council. No. 958 ..................... 22.00 Little Rock Caundl, No. 812 ...... 22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ......................... 17.00 Blytheville-Oseeola, Council No. 2857 ....................... 12.00 Texarkana Council No. 2550 17.00 Pin Bluff Council, No. 1153 ............................... 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 ............. 12,00 Joneshora Council, No. 1702 ............................. 12.00 APRIL 23, 1943 "It by liberty of the press, we understand me-eiy the liberty el discussing the propriety o; public measures and political o.p, imons, let us have as much at it as you please; but ;t it means the liberty at at- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty at abusing others tar the privilege at not being abused myselt."--Franklin. HE IS RISEN We need the joyful hope of Easter Sunday this year. The inevitable tragedies of the horseman of war with his fellow horsemen of famine, death and pestilence casts a shadow over the human heart. Misery, aorroW and hate would breed de- spair if it were not for the great Christian truth celebrated on the Feast of the Resurrection. On Easter Sunday the Christian world will rejoice with their Risen Lord. His tongue loosed after months of dumb- ness, the priest Zachary bursts into song that speaks the spirit of Easter: "The Orient from on high hath visited us: to en- lighten them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death." It was a vision of that day when the Risen Savior would free mankind from the dread and the sorrow of death. It is now nearly tWO thousand years since the solitary voice in Judea sang that song of hope. Today the prophecy is on the lips of the world. They that sit in the darkness and shadow of death turn their streaming eyes to Easter hope which is the inspiration of their gladness and the pledge of immortal- ity. On the first Easter morning a little group worn with an- guish of mind and body turned with broken hearts from an empty tomb. It was a picture of dejection and despair. Even as they gazed into that empty tomb, those weeping friends of Christ, their tears of sorrow were turned into tears of joy as they heard the angel's voice: "He is not here; He is risen." These men and women had stood in the shadow of death. On thLs Easter morning they learned that the grace was not the final heritage of man. That message of joy and hope is pro- claimed today in a thousand tongues, in every clime and land. It is a message of hope for all of us for we have one time sat in the "darkness and shadow of death." The great festival of Easter is truly the "Orient from on high." It is the light that fills the world with glory. The mes- sage of Easter thrills our understanding: We who may have had the inheritance of despair are now awakened to the true meaning of life. For us there is now no darkness or shadow of death. "He is risen, indeed." "This is the day the Lord hath made, let us be glad and rejoice in it." NOT VERY LOGICAL One of the big moving picture producers is out with a novel arraignment of censorship. He grows eloquent over the liberty and freedom constitutionally guaranteed. He waxes wrath at the un-American idea of condemning a man before he is found guilty. The gentleman objects to advance inspection of films by constituted authority and demands that judgment be passed by that infallible judge, the great American public. Most strenuously does he object to the plan of condemning films be- fore they are produced. He argues that a play or picture should be allowed to proceed to completion and then only should ac- tion be taken. We presume that by the same logic he would allow tainted food to be sold. The selling of tainted food pro- hibited by law, the prohibited sale should first be completed and then prosecution should follow. It is eminently illogical to claim that the 8ale of tainted food may be properly prevent- ed by advance inspection by the government and that tainted amusements should not be so prevented. The American people will not be so embarrassed by an advance inspection. The only ones affected would be the mov- ing picture exchanges. If the producers really desire to give decent pictures to the public they will not object to a reason- able censorship. They will be protected against the criticisms so frequently aimed at them because indecent films are shown in their theatres. We believe the people would gladly wait for this inspection that they may be protected from brazen licentious abuses of that same liberty.---Catholic Northwest Progress. ABANDONED PULPITS We have known for some time that Protestant pulpits were being abandoned in large numbers. The President of the Kansas Agricultural college, addressing a Bible institute, gives rather startling figures, we do not question his explanation of the causes that led to this situation, but we rather question his remedy. He urges that the churches be made more attractive to the young people, that the music be bro6ght up to the prop- er standard and they get away from narrowness. We frankly believe that this criticism is unfair. There is certainly nothing narrow about the creed in the average Protestant church since its members may all believe anything or nothing. The ministers are doing everything in their power to attract both young and old. They have the very best music and of a character to suit all classes, opera, popular melodies and sometime sacred music to please the old folks. There must be some other reason for the decline in church at- tendance. It is not due to the fact that the services are not at- tractive and up to date, but precisely because they are made attractive and up to date at the sacrifice of the revealed truth. The fact is that Protestantism as a supernatural religion has ceased to exist. It has lost its zeal. There is nothing construe- tire in its theology. Its very life was hatred of the Catholic Church; When they had their old battle cry--"To hell with the Pope"the blood was kept in circulation. They were born in revolt and their policy has been a purely destructive one. They had no positive teaching, no supernatural character. They drifted far away from the old supernatural faith which made saints and martyrs. As the cynic of Chelsea, old Tom Carlyle put it, "the old recognized paths to the eternal are blotted out in 'unutterable mud-oceans of damnable, dead, putrescent cant." The reformers did not realize that the truths of revelation are so linked together that to destroy one link means to de- stroy the whole chain of Christian dogma. They thought to eliminate the authority of Rome and still maintain their Chris- tian faith. In overturning the Divinely constituted authority in the Church they overturned the whole edifice of revealed re- ligion. The avenging power of neglected Catholic truth is dealing fearfully upon our separated brethren.---Southwest Courier. Timely Eternals Rt. Rev. Msgr. Peter M. H. Wynhovcn Editor-in-Chief Catholic Action of the South SUCCESS OF PARENTHOOD A famous French pred!cateur said, long ago: "If I were asked what single qualification was necessary for one who has the care of children, I should say patieneepatience with their tempers, with their understanding, with their progress. It is not brilliant parts or great acquirements which are neces- sary for parents and teachers, but patience to, go ovr first principles again and again steadily to add a little every ,.day ; never to be irritated by willful or accidental hindrance. "Beware of fatiguing them by ill-judged exactness. If Vir- tue offers itself to the child under a melancholy and constrained aspect, while liberty and license present themselvesunder an agreeable form, all is lost, and your labor is in vain.' Patience is the prime ingredient lacking in child care today. In the excited rush of daily rounds, the father has never time to wor- ry about his children. Their mother often is a nervous wreck already, actually or imaginatively, and cannot be expected to bother too much. Some mothers need distractions away from home to keep their resistance in repair; so, they let hired hands exert their "Brilliant parts and great ac- quirements" in training the chil- dren. Thus, the beginning of "li- berty and license is presented in an agreeable form," and the foun- dation of failure is laid. As a rule, children who, like Topsy, jes' growed, do not reflect much credit upon their parents. Then, there is another grave danger, engendered by advanced cducators so-called-- who pro- pose and actively advocate, for successful child-training, self-ex- pression, personal experience, na- tural unrestraint, free develop- ment 'of character, and frank license. God help us, if these monstrous ideas should be adopt- ed by parents generally, oi- should be allowed to develop in our schools! Then, indeed, "all will be lost, and your labor will have been in vain." If you expect any degree of suc- cess in rearing your children so that they will be your glory and a joy in the eyes of God and man, you must abide by the age-old rules and principles of human be- havior and reaction. Incidental circumstances may become some- what different, due to the times; but man's essential nature always remains the same, Therefore, the same principles that applied to character formation thousands of years ago, hold good today. Discipline always will be the first requisite, if you hope to at- tain any degree of success. This premise cannot be emphasized too frequently. Without obedience on the part of your children, your stint will be hopeless, your ef- forts will be futile, no matter how advantageous other conditions may be. To train children to be submissive to you, not in a ser- vile way but with an agreeable disposition, is, in itself, a most trying task, one which requires constant parental application, from the child's babyhood on. It means not only assiduous attention to the child but also observation of the behavior and reactions of others to him. Once he is devoted to you and becomes subconsciously convinced that you want nothing but the best for him, even under disagreeable circumstances, 70 per cent. of your success is achieved. There is no science which de- mands more unfaltering study and rigid adherence to rules and prin- ciples than ehild training. You have to know when to reward ad- vantageously. You must be ex- tremely careful how, and at what time and opportunity, to punish. When should appeal to reason be made? How can you bring forth, emphasize and interest the child's ego without fostering selfishness? In what manner can ideals be made to germinate? A pleasant, intimate child-parent relationship should be developed. Self,reliance, consideration ior ethers, and love for religion are character "assets of paramount importance. Religious, dependence upon God and a deep sense of our obliga- tions to the Creator should per- 1nears every man's being all through life, If we expect our existence to be a success. Hence the idea of a Supreme Being, to whom we owe daily service and allegiance, should be unceasingly presented to the child's mind. But, care must be taken that religion is not rendered an unpleasant ex- perience in the child's mind., Un- reasonably forcing the child to go to church, making him say un- necessarily long prayers, failing to explain the beauty of God's loveall this will result in pre- paring the youngster for future irreligion or actually for antireli- gion. The proper technique is patience "going over first principles again and agam, steadily adding a little every day." A Chinese proverb reads: "Pa- tience is power; with time and patience, the mulberry leaf be- comes silk." Look upon your chil- dren as diamonds in the rough. They will never attract the eye of God or man unless you keep on polishing them to an increasing brilliance. PRAYER FOR THOSE AT HOME Comfort, we beg You, Lord Jesus Christ, the hearts of all who wait at home, and who pray for their dear ones in the armed forces of our country. Mercifully hear their prayers, and guard and guide their fathers, their brothers, hus- bands and sons who fight for jus- tice and freedom, for our dear na- tive land. Help them to trust peacefully in Your almighty pro- tection. Bring their dear ones safely home, healthful in body and soul, as they so ardently de- sire. We ask it of You by the sor- rows of Your most Blessed Moth- er, and by the sufferings and an- xiety which You so lovingly en- dured for us all during Your holy Agony in the garden and while You hung on the Cross: Who live and reign, God, with the Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit, world without end, Amen. QUESTION BOX Notice---It is important that all questions be stgncd with the sender's name and COMPLETE address inot initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No nantes arc ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envolops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. When Was The St. Vincent de Paul Society Organized? Why? The St. Vu:cent de Paul Society was founded in May, 1833, when eight young nmn, students at the Sorbonne, assembled to formulate plans for the organization of a society whose object should be to min- ister to the wants of the Parisian poor. The master-mind conceiving the project, which was destined to make an indellible impress upon the history of modern charity work, was Frederiek Ozanam, a bril- liant young Frenchman, lawyer, author and professor in the Sor- A non-Catholic friend wants to bonne. The organization of the know why Catholics omit the lt- society was due partly to the de- sire of the founders to furnish a practical refutation of the re- proaches directed against Chris- tianity by the followers of Saint Simon, Fourier and other popular teachers of the day. These men taunted the Christians: "Show us your works. We admit the past glories and. grandeur of Chris- tianity, but the tree is now dead and bears no fruit." To this taunt. Ozanam and his compan- ions retorted by forming them- selves into a Conference of Char- ity, later adopting the name of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, modeled the rule upon the same principles that were in vogue in the seventeenth century. The rules adopted were very simple: it was forbidden to discuss politics or personal concerns at a meeting and it was settldd that the work, should be the service of God in the person of the poor whom the members were to visit at their own dwellings and assist by every means in their power. $ * $ I know of a little girl who was allowed to make her First Com- munion a the age of six. Is this not a bit too young for such an important act? I always believed that the law of the Church was that a child had to be seven years old before making Iris or her First Communion. Why then was this allowed in violation of the lw of the Church? There was no violation of the Church in allowing a child of six to make her First Communion. The law of the Church lays down as a condition for First Confes- sion and Communion merely the age of discretion. They may be judged (1) by the first indication of the child using its reasoning powers; (2) by the child knowing what is right and wrong. No de- termined age is placed as a con- dition; the age of seven is men- tioned because the majority of children arrive at the years of discretion, that is, begin to rea- son, about this period, some soon- er, some later. Another condition mentioned by the law of the Church is that of knowledge--a knowledge such as a child just beginning to reason can have about the one God, Who rewards the good and punishes the wick- ed, and about the mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation. It is not necessary tlmt the child should commit to memory ac- curate theological definations which may convey no idea to the little mind just beginning to un- fold. The child must be able to distinguish the Eucharist from the common bread; that is to know that what looks like bread is not bread but contains the real, liv- ing Body and Blood of Christ. Children should be taught to re- ceive Holy Communion devoutly and should be instructed on the necessity of being in the state of grace and of fasting from mid- night before Communion. TRANGE ter part of the Lord's Pryer-- "for Thine Is the kingdom and the power and the glory of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost now and forever and from ages of ages?" What shall I tell her? You might ask your Protestant friend why does her church add to the Lord's Prayer something which is not a Dart of the prayer as taught by our Divine Savior. While this doxology appears in some Greek texts it is admitted by all Biblical scholars, both Protestant and Catholic, that it is undoubtedly an interpolation. The only authority that is found for it is that the words "for Thine is the Kingdom and the power and the glory of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost now and forever and from ages of ages" is found in the Byzantine rite of the Mass. It follows the Lord's Pray- er. This is not intended as a part of the Lord's Prayer, but takes the place of the Embolism which is found in the various Lord's Prayer, these words taking its place. The Embolism is the pray- er in the Mass which is inserted between the Our Father and the breaking of the Bread. It is not a part of the Our Father but is an interpretation of the last petition. This Embolism dates back to the first centuries since it is found under various forms in all the Western and in many of the East- ern Liturgies. The Greek Litur- gies do not contain it. It is cer- tain that it never has been ser- iously held by Biblical scholars that this is a part of the Prayer that our Lord taught to His dis- ciples. What is the meaning of' the word eoncupsclenee? The term has several meanings. The general name is given to any movement of the sensitive appe- tites toward whatever the Intel- lect portrays as desirable or away from whatever it portrays as bad. Hence desire, love, hate, anger are different forms of concu- pscience. In Holy Scripture con- cupscience usually means the de- sire of worldly things. But the word is used particularly of the insubordination of the sensual appetite against the dictates of reason and the general propensity of human nature to sin, in con- sequence of the .Fall. But this concupscience must not be iden- tified with original sin, of which it is only a  result. Please explain what is meant by the Ember Dys. The Ember Days are three days at the beginning of each of the four seasons of the year. They are set aside by the Church as days of fast and abstinence to thank God for the blessings, to implore His blessing on the new season, and at the same time to atone for our sins. Ordinations to the priesthood usually take place on these days and the faithful are asked to pray for good priests. The Ember Days were introduced into the Church about the sxth century but they probably had a more ancient origin in the Agri- cultural feasts of the Romans. BUT TRU Rural Catholic Commiffee of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan Of What Use Is F.S.A. What is the F.S.A., or Security Administration? F. S. A., was set up to help farm families to escape from lief rolls and become ly self supporting. There is much need at the present to out the causes why it was sary to get this People could not go West gain new homesteads out frontier. We consider farm lief something new but our ernment for over a century carried on a big relief for poor farmers by giving vacant land on the frontier. day all this free land is gone i the Government has had to new ways to help needy Farm land has been rapidly, as the result of an area as big as six farm Iowa, Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Missouri been ruined for farming or bed of its fertility. It is that every day enough make two hundred 40-acre washes or blows away. It is dent that the Government do something and it did. ConservationFarm Triple A-- F.S.A., and other administrations were set up help the farmer. The F.S.A., has done a ful job in my opinion in about ownership of the sufficiency for the family. families that have been itated are producing food food which is so essential to program. Food can be ly increased by the lower thirds of the farmers if they given proper credit facilities management instruction supervision of a agency like the Farm Administration. There are farmers who could ciably to overcome the which we are facing if they given proper credit facilities given the proper credit now, these farmers could over to diversified farming is being advocated. They be expected to do this, if have to borrow money at a rate of interest. the present time the makes money available at a rate of interest without mortgage too heavily what have, these farmers will greater asset to the country. Bank and Communities will later on profit thereby The poorer farm families furnished many of their boYS the armed forces and manY their girls to war poduction It is the farm families of that will help to stabilize cracy in the post war There is a move on foot to ish the F.S.A., which laas such a good job. If other mental agencies are task of administering this which was so well done in past by the Farm Security ministration, we can remain sured that because ot lac sympathy and lack of bell fundamental principles the' program will fail miserably dire consequencesg:: "MAYBE SIIE IS RIGII" Archbishop Ryan, who ever a keen sense of humor, was amining a group of children fore administering to thera Sacrament of Confirmation. answer to his request for a tion of Matrimony, a girl replied: "It is a place or state of ment in which certain plate the unremitted penalti their sins and are thus for Heaven." "No, child, no!" exclaimed. startled pastor. "That is a nition of Purgatory and Matrimony." "Leave the little one answere the Archbishop winning smile. "Maybe right. What do you and about it?" "In the life of every being, there is a particular meat and a general The particular judgment the moment of death, for we individually responsible for way we used our erty; the general judgment at the end of time, work out our salvation in text of the social order brotherhood of Christ, and fore we must be judged entire world."--4VIonsignor "History does not as erals believed a few move in a line of gress. Rather it moves through catastrophies. a moment given to man "yea" or "nay" to his stiny; it is also a sphere society works out the of its allegiance to or its from God."--Monslgnor