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April 23, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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April 23, 1943

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EASTER EDITION Qui Vive? By The Sentry is Good Friday. At pres- this nation and many other of the world are involved most bloody and, by far, the war in the his- of the human race. On the front juvenile crime and de- ] are vexing the minds of of the people.. In the plans that are being sug- to establish a permanent little mention is made except by Catholic lead- The question of the delin- of the youth is being in a purely materialistic Recreational activities women police are care for the yolng girls. Teachers Associations are to assist, but very little, ff is said of the necessity for the young people. Imcents allow their children without any religion un- By axe old enough to choose themselves. No provision for religious instructions Public schools. In fact the are not taught the mor! that are evident from of reason. The separa- moral training from public was a colossal blunder. had more than a hun- Years now of irreligious edu- That is sufficient time to t it is a dlmlal failure. This religion is reflected in the of public officials. Not ago the legislators of this l)laced Good Friday in the of days that are not import- to be observed as pub- This is a fine ex- them to hold up to the of the state. The older pco- youth for their delin- Do they think that the People are blind to their religion? The elders are to their business that can't take time off to honor which Christ died to This is a fine mess "Ulless the the house, they labor Who build it." Unless God the lives of the youth, in vain who try to in- to live good, clean lives. of this nation invite their formM gatherings, leave Him out of their lives. power problem is a one in the present war. not young single men this country to fight its For this reason the au- have to call upon mar- even those with faro- women in order to hve number in the armed Very little publicity has to the cause of this But like every other has a cause. For  good Yeavs, now, in most of our it has been legal to propa- sYstem of national suicide, as birth control. This practice is still going advocates arc not as voct- in nornl times, but they plying their destructive Luckily not all the the nefarious plead- birth control organiza- nation can still point to a Mrs. Sullivan, who sone at one time to her cnse.. There are other have even more sons The past can not again. It is our duty, as to look to the future. Who knows human ha- that this war will one. Wars will con- the people of this coun- Put a stop to the work control propagandists, days, we shall find like France, helpless of a powerful enemy. comes to pass, all the oratory of our Will not be able to save inevitable. So, when of this ntlon are mak- for a lasting peace, they first consideration to from within. We do services of J. Edgar imint out the fifth col- advocate birth con- former activities have short-handed now tha send women to do the men. The shame of this )tLse us to action against in their ignorance, are our destruction. ------.--.__.___ York Times published data concerning college freshmen as knowledge of Amer- This expose of Was not surprising to with the system. First Products of modern edu- not read intelligently. Pronounce words, but not get the ideas that Considering modern education y upon textbooks this is a handicap. Modern not well-grounded in of what they teach. heavily upon text- they were deprived would be helpless. history textbooks t Used in our schools, histories. H/s- of past events, American his- on truth. Oth- are likewise distort- this true of the on page 8 THE OFFICIAL OV Volume XXXII vSTOR, I uNrrED STA]T.$ WAR J eONOS.STAMrS[ His Excellency To Pontificate Sunday ,e,nd Give Papal Blessing Little Rock.  His Excellency, Our Most Reverend Bishop will celebrate a Solemn Pontifical Mass, Sunday, and will himself deliver the Easter Sermon. He will give the Papal Blessing fol- lowing the Mass at 10:30. The procession of priests and seminarians will start from the Episcopal residence at 10:30, escorting His Excellency, and Bishop Fletcher to the Cathedral. Dionne Quints Planning Visit To U. S. In May Deacons of Honor will be the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Jos. A. Gallagher, and the Very Rev. Msgr. James E. O'Connell. The Very Rev. Msgr. F. A. Al- len, Rector of the Cathedral will assist the Bishop as assistant priest. Deacon of the Mass will be the Very Rev. Msgr. John B. Scheper, and Subdeacon, the Rev. Claiborne Lafferty. The Rt. Rev. Msgr. John J. Healy will act as Master of Ceremonies, and will be assisted by the Rev. B. F. McDevitt, and Mr. Francis Janesko.. Chaplains to His Excellency, Bishop Fletcher, will be the Rev. James Nugent, and the Rev. Lawrence Graves. Music for Easter Sunday will be rendered by the senior choir of the Cathedral under the direc- tion of Prof. J. J. Keller. Low Masses at the Cathedral on Easter Sunday will be celebrated at 6, 7 and 9. On Holy Saturday at 7 a.m. the Blessing of the Easter Fire, the Paschal Candle, the Baptismal Font, and the Easter Water will take place. A Solemn High Mass, coram episcopo will be celebrated at 8 o'c)ock by Monsignor Allen, as- sisted by the Rev. Claiborne Laf- ferty, as Deacon, and the Rev. James W. Nugent as Subdeacon. Chaplains to the Most Rever- end Bishop will be Msgr. Gaffney and Msgr. Gallagher. Chaplains to Bishop Fletcher will be the Rev. Rainer DeClerk, and the Rev. Lawrence Graves. Monsignor Healy will be Mas- ter of Ceremonies, and will be assisted by the Rev. Harry J. Chinery and Mr. Francis Janesko. Priest In 00China Misses Bus And Escapes Bombing Chungking, China. (H:)--It some- times pays to miss the bus. At least, so thinks Father Francis Keelan, a Maryknoll South China missioner from Waverly, Mass. Father Keelan was leaving Kweilin, where he is stationed to go to the country to say Mass for a group of university students who are continuing their studies there free from the rain of Jap- mese bombs. The priest arrived at the Kweil- n bus 'depot just in time to see the machine leaving in a whirl of dust. He was somewhat disap- pointed but, an hour later, was thanking his lucky stars. Eight Japanese planes caught the bus on the open road outside the city. They dived and strafed it. When they had finished, it was a blazing wreck. Six pas- sengers were killed and the nine remaining occupants seriously wounded. Father Keelan has only been in Kweilin a few weeks for he spent last year in a Japanese concentra- tion camp in Hongkong, and was only recently released. He has to make a long round-about journey to get to Free China. : Archeological Remains In Palestine 5,000 Years Old 'Jerusalem. (N:) -- Archeological remains of burial recesses and ruins believed to date back some 5,000 years to the Chalcolithic period (between the Stone and Bronce Ages) were lately discov- ered in central Palestine. Callendar, Ont. (E)--The famous Dionne Quintuplets have received their formal invitation to launch the "Quint Victory Fleet" at Su- perior, Wis., on May 9, and they are much excited about their :first trip to the United States. The invitations, bound in morocco, were presented by 10 year-old Catherine Butler, of St. Paul, Minn., who gave an address on behalf of the workers at her father's shipyards. Mr. and Mrs. Oliva Dionne aso received in- vitations and will accompany their daughters. The invitations bore the of- ficial seal of the United States Department of State, with the sig- nature of Secretary of State Cor- dell Hull, and the seal of the U.S. Maritime Commission, signed by its chairman, Admiral E. S. Land. Much impressed as they were with the invitation and the man- ner in which they were presented, the quintuplets got their biggest thrill out of a scale model and fully equipped freighter, which had been built by shipyard work- ers in 700 hours of their spare time. This was presented by George Harstad, assistant fore- man of the Walter Butler Ship- builders, Incorporated, where the ships are being built. He has set a working record of nearly 14 hours a day for the past 16 months, and was the choice of the 4,000 workers to make the trip. The five freighters will be christened the Emilie, Cecile, An- nette, Marie and Yvonne. Each of the quintuplets will christen the ship bearing her name. On Radio Series Life Of Father Damien Featured New York. (E}-- A dramatized account of th life of Father Damien, who gav his life in bringing the Faith to the lepers of Molokai, tiny Hawaiian island will feature Belgium's contribu- tion to the series of Uncle Sam radio programs, sponsored by. the Office of War Information, during the week of April 18. Father Damien, born Joseph de Veuster, a Belgian, died 54 years ago on April 15 at the tiny Hawai- ian outpost. The decision to use the life story of Father Damien as Belgium's contribution to the programs, it was announced, was reached because his untiring ef- forts to better the lot of the Mo- iokai lepers "so closely parallels the silent, grave resistance which his present-day Belgian compa- triots are pitting against the lep- rosy of Nazism." The Uncle Sam programs are heard five times weekly over some 800 radio sta- tions. DEDICATE JEFFERSON MEMORIAL Most Rev Peter L. Ireton, Coadjutor Bishop of Richmond, pictured as he delivered the Benediction at the dedication services in Wash- ington, of the national memorial to Thomas Jefferson, third presi: dent of the United State# and author of the Declaration of IndependJ ence.President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (right) officiated at thet ceremonies... Pent 'Newsphoto. (N,C.W.C.)! .... RISEN 35th Annual (orlvention K. of (.. Will Open Monda / At Stuttgall Stuttgart.--The thirty-fifth an- I delegates, local and visiting nual convention of the Arkansas' - - n ies:se'invted*'Secon'ATk;ns; bUtdwC  UbA: ihi f 1K2d{h t u:t C r ? mn [ :tI!{Gfdgt id Y, P" I Principal speaker of the meet-[District will preside as Toastmas- ing will be the Most Revmendter and Louis Reinhart, Grand Albert L. Fletcher, AuxiliarylKnight of the Bishop Morris Bishop of Little Rock, who will Council 2780 will deliver the ad- l address the state officers and dress of welcome. delegates at a luncheon, Monday. State Deputy, Albert C. Ernst, Punishment Of Guilty Urged By Peace Assn. For International Crimes Washington .00Penalties which are best calculated to discour- age and deter the repetition of their offenses should be imposed upon those States and individuals that have committed international crimes, the Ethics Committee of the Catholic Association for International Peace declared in a statement issued here. The statement was entitled "Retributive Justice After the War." Extreme penalties, the statement says, should be imposed upon the leading culprits in Germany, Italy and Japan. "For the minor culprits," it adds, "imprisonment, banishment and other milder pun- ishments would probably be sufficient to safeguard the international common good." Anti-Vatican Propaganda In Poland Increased London. (E)--In their effort to break the increasing resistance of the Polish population, the Ger- man Nazi invaders of that coun- try have intensified their anti- Vatican propaganda, according to information received by the Po- lish Catholic Press Agency, KAP, here. Realizing, the dispatches state, that the strength of the Poles lies in their faith, the Nazis evidently are trying to destroy that faith by undermining the confidence of the Poles in the Holy See. They are trying, it is stated, to per- suade the Poles that their Gov- ernment-in-exile is anti-Catholic and has violated the Concordat with the Holy See. This propaganda, it is stated, is m vain, since the Poles are kept well informed by means of the numerous "underground" publi- cations that are distributed in that stricken land. In spite of their own suffer- ing, the KAP is advised, the Po- lish Catholic clergy in Warsaw has taken occasion to protest the in- human treatment of the Jews by the Nazis. The protest resulted' m new arrests of members of the Catholic clergy. Even Jews who have been converted to Chris- tainity are obliged to live in War- saw's ghetto, it is stated. Further figures on the extent of the Nazi persecution in Poland are contained in other advices re- ceived by KAP. Before the in- vasion of Poland there were 25 dioceses in Poland and 45 mem- bers of the Hierarchy. More than 14,000 priests in 8,000 parishes ministered to about 27,000,000 Ca- tholics. Now only seven Bishops remain in their dioceses. More than 3,500 priests, it is stated, have been shot or tor- tured to death in concentration Promotion Of Common Good "Inasmuch as all punishment necessarily contributes toward re- pair of the violated moral order, retribution may be regarded as one end of civil punishment," the statement says. "But it is only an implicit end. The explicit, pri- mary and essential end is the pro- motion of the common good. In- asmuch as the correction of the delinquent can safeguard the com- mon good, it too may be regarded as a second annd incidental end. "The foregoing principles con- cerning the penal functions o the State in relation to its own members are completely appli- cable to whatever international organization possesses judicial power over its constituent States. The international authority has the right to punish for the com- mon good of the nations and peo- ples of the world. Upon those States and individuals that have committed international crimes should be imposed those penal- ties which are best calculated to discourage and deter the repeti- tion of such offenses. At the close of World War II, the Axis Nations should receive such pun- ishment as seems best adapted to prevent any new assaults by any nation upon world peace and civil- !ization. "It can be objected that when the war ends, no international jur- idical organization will have come into existence, yet the intern a - tional criminals ought to be pun- ished promptly. "The objection is invalid; for the most important States could be ready with; at least, the skel- eton of an effective international organization as soon as the fight- ing has ceased. At any rate, the United Nations will be in exist- ence with ample physical power and moral authority to punish. To deny them the moral right to chastise the Axis culprits is to assume that the gravest interna- tional crimes must go unwhipped of justice, regardless of the en- suing injury to international or- The convention will open with Mass at 8 a.m., at Holy Rosary Church, with the Very Reverend Monsignor James E. O'Connell, State Chaplain as the celebrant. Immediately after Mass, state officers and delegates will assem- ble in the Holy Rosary School Hall for the opening session of the Convention. The convention will recess until 1:30 to attend a luncheon at Hotel Riceland at noon. State officers, Opening Courts To Divorce Action Opposed By Chanc. Quebec. ()The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Paul Bernier, Chancellor of the Archdiocese of Quebec, in an article appearing in Semaine Re- ligleuse de Quebec, takes issue with the suggestion made in the Canadian Senate that Quebec should open its court to the grant- ing of divorces. (Since the suggestion was made and as a result of the strong pro tests which followed it, the au- thor of the proposal has an- nounced that he will not proceed with it.) Msgr. Bernier points out that Quebec having recognized by law the indissolubility of marriage, the only resource now for those seek- ing divorce is to apply to the Federal authorities, to whim the British North America Act grant- ed jurisdiction over divorce. Under the present manner of proceeding, a committee of the Senate examines a divorce ap- plication and if it is granted it must then be approved by the Federal Parliament. This has the advantage, Msgr. Bernier points out, of retraining the facility of dlvorce and at Ieast substantially respecting the general law of th@ indissolubility of marriage: "Mar- riage is only dissolved by the death of one of the parties; whilst they both live it is indissoluble," the Quebec Civil Code states. "A Christian country, which is fighting for the triumph of the Christian ideals in the world can- not with light heart forget the law of God: 'What therefore God hath joined together, let no man put asunder,'" Msgr. Bernier states. will also speak and will intro- duce Bishop Fletcher. Immediately after the luncheon, delegates and state officers will reassemble at the school hall for the second business session. The business will be presided over by State Deputy Albert C. Ernst. The sessions have been re- duced to one day because of the war. Present State Officers of the Arkansas State Council are: Very Rev. Msgr. James E. O'Connell, state Chaplain; Albert C. Ernst, State Deputy; Thos. F. Clancy, Past State Deputy; Jas. P. Rey- nolds, State Advocate; James P. Hopkins, State Secretary; Fred P. Spinnenwcber, State Treasurer Oldrich Kesel, State Warden. The Bishop John B. Morris Council 2780 will be the host council to delegates and state of_ ricers from all of the ten Knights of Columbus Councils in Arkansas. camps and more than 3,000 par- ishioners have been "liquidated." 9,000,000 Famine Victims In Chinese Province New York. (E)There are 9,- 000,000 persons in the Province of Honan, China, who are direct- ly affected by the famine pre- vailing there, according to worff received at the United China Re- lief headquarters here from the Most Rev. Paul Yu Pin, Vicar Apostolic of Nanking. People remaining in the famine district are reported to be living on leaves and weed roots, Dr. James L. McConaughy, president of the organization, was advised by Bishop Yu Pin. "They are tearing down their houses to sell the materials," the Bishop wrote, "and in many cases are forced to sell their children or see them starve before their eyes." The Pope and Scieia00, His Holiness Pope Pins XlI, in this photo Just received from Vatican City is pictured as he received members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, following the seventh meeting of the group, February 21. The Academicians were presented by their president, the Rev: Agca- I tino Gemelli, O. F. M. (left), rector of the Catholic University of the' Sacred Heart at Milan. (N.C.W.C.) der and peace. As noted above, St. Augustine stressed punish- ment of the guilty nation as a just object of war. 'Just war is not only permissible as an act of self defense, but it may be useful for the punishment of injus- tice ..... ' (Koch-Preuss, Moral Theology, V. 141.) If a single State may thus vindicate justice, a fortiori, several States acting collectively may do the some for the protection of international or- der. "Upon the leading culprits in Germany, Italy and Japan should be imposed extreme penalties. For the most responsible of them this would mean death at the hands of a firing squad'. Would this sentence and its execution at- tain the primary end of civil or political punishment? Would it promote the international com- mon good-by deterring the Axis Powers from repeating the inter- national crimes that they have committed, and deter other States from imitating their diabolical example? banishment of Napoleon Bona- parte to the lonely island of St. Helena. On the other hand, the very uniqueness of the death penalty would make it dramatic ]'and arresting. The vision of I mighty tyrants compelled to en- I dure the same punishment as an See PUNISHMENT on page 5 OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT His Excellency, the Most Rev. erend Bishop will admlnister :the Sacrament of (kmflrmation on the following dates. May 23 at St. lul's Church, Poeahontu, for Poeaontss, En- gelberg and KnobeL June 13 at St. Andrew's Cathedral for all the parishes of Little Rock.