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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 23, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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April 23, 1927

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Pagh Four THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 23, 1927 HOLYWEEK iN SEVLLE By Rev. Manuel Grins (Madrid Correspondent, N. C. W. C. News Service) surrounded by a forest of flaming 1 tapers, with her velvet train sweeping five yards behind her, august as a queen, sweet as a mother, radiant, she RELiGiON AND Ar EREAI IISM i (Continued from page 1.) [ have never known any conflict betwecu my official duties and my reli- gious belief. No such coni!ict could exist. Certainly the people of this !state recognize, no such conflict. 'fhey have testified to my devotion u) Oriental splefldor and Christianilpasses through the midst of the. de- public duty by electing me to ~he highest office within their gift four piety combine to make Holy Week ivout multitude who send up their times .... During the years I have discharged these trusts I have been in Seville a spectacle unique in all the idelirious "vivas," their "sactas," theh"I a conm-Lunicant ol ti~e lL~m;al (k~,tholic Cimrca. if ti~(q'e were conflict, world, a marvelous synthesis of ardcnt.flowcrs, their kisses, their tears andI I, of all men, could not have escaped it, because I have not beeu "t silent mysticism, sumptuous ~rt and sensual their terms of endearment. Presently! man, but a battler for social and political reform. These battles would pomp, refinement and lavish beautyLthe people stop as if startled by the/ ~n tbeir very m~turc disclose this c,n[i,.cL ii there wt:re any." which express, withal, a most edifying strength of their own faith; silence] devotion, the perfumed, pleasure-lov- alone seems adequate to express the| For Public Education ing city, which with Cordova and common supplication. The Paso Grands, once shared the splendor of]vanishes; a detachment of buglers Arab civilization, is transformed into i marches by. A short breathing space a Catholic temple, where the Chris-follows in which the multitude chatter tian liturgy is enacted with all theland laughs. dazzling pomp of old Byzantium. No] Again the merry murmur is sup- one who has not seen it can ever un-tpressed. More files of Nazarenes ap- derstand the significance of this in-[pear; another confraternity, anothe~ describable procession of processions, limage, that of Christ crucified, more lasting more than 23 hours, in whichwonderful than those that went be- march 40 or more confraternities, fore. excites reverent fear of the di- vicing with one another in the excess vine in all hearts; again silence, again of their piety and in the splendor of adoration. their Pa~os, treasures every one of sculpture and art, Each confraternity forms two un- ending files of mysterious Nazarenes, now white as phantoms, now black "I regard public education as one of foremost functions of the govern- ment, and I have supported Lo ~he last degree the state Department of Education in every effort to pronlote our public school sys-~em. My aim and I may say I have succeeded in achieving it---has been legislation for child welfare, the protection of working nlen, women, and children, and modernization of the state's institutions for the care of the helpless or unfortunate wards, the preservation of freedom of speech aud opinion against the attack of wartime hysteria and the complete reorganization of the structure of the government of the state. "I did not struggle for these things for any single element but in the interests of all of the 11,000,000 people who make up the state. In all this work I had the support of churches of all denominations. I probably The Paso arrives and the know as many ecclesiastics of my church as any other layman. During hundred candles glowing about the my long and active career I have never received from any of them any- figure makes a wondrous sight. The thing except encouragement in the full and complete discharge of my duty multitude press close, a rigid and to the state. Moreover, I am unable to understand how anything that compact mass. In the solemnity and I was taught to believe as a Catholic could possibly be in conflict with what vast silence of the night resounds is good citizenship. The essence of my faith is built upon the command- as funeral spectres; with pointed h~ods, with torches or staffs in hand, many of them barefoot and walking among the sile1~t multitudes, inscru- table like disembodied spirits from beyond the tomb. The Paso, consist- ing of an. image or perhaps a group the shrill voice of a woman penitent, suppliant and mysterious, the "seaeta." A beautiful woman of Seville sings from a balcony, her pleasing figure seen through the car- nations and geraniums, her mantilla floating, like the other vapors, tremu- of images, ,is a little museum of re- lous over her arms, extended toward ligious art, in which jewels, silks, gold the Grea~ Consoler of the sorrows of flowers and lights unite to give to the woman. men.ts of God. There can be no conflict between them. "Instead of quarreling among ourselves over dogmatic principles, it would be infinitely better if we joined together in inculcating these com- mandments in the hearts and minds of the youth of the country as the surest and best road to happiness on this earth and to peace in the world to come. This is the common ideal of all religions. What we need is more religion for our young people, not less; and the way to get more religion is to stop bickering among our sects, which can only have for its effect the creation of doubt in the minds of our youth as to whether or not it is necessary to pay attention to religion at all. whole a charm trul artistic, it aD [ Outcries of Souls ,, Y " "; ~" ~ "False Imputations pears from time to time above the~ Those few rebellious notes confine heads of the Nazarenes, against the]tl~emselves to no scale, they are the "Then I know your imputations are false when I recall the long lister black background of night, advancing/outcry of the soul of a strong and other public servants of my faith who nave loyauy serves tne strafe, xou and balancing over the surging multi-]faithful people; veritable arrows di- as a lawyer will probably agree that the office of Chief Justice of the rude, like an Apocatpytic vision, lrected toward heaven, which, grazing United States is second not even to that of the president m its mfluence Streets Filled With Worshipers /the heart, produce tremors and re- on ,the national development and policy. . . During one-fourth of its Over all, the perfume of carnations,lmorse, hopes anud fears, tenderness history it has been presided over by two Catholics, Roger Brooke Taney roses, violets and flowers, that gave a]and anxiety. One cannot tell whether and Edward Douglas White. No one has suggested that the official conduct special charm to Seville in April,| they pray or weep, supplicate or re-[ of either of .these men was affected by any unwarranted religious influence soothes the senses as with some de- preach, whether they implore clem-[or that religion played with them any part other than it should play in the lightful drug. The streets are filledleney or beg for justice. All that weI life of every God-fearing man. with people drawn by .their piety or~knowwith certainty is that theypray.I "And I know your imputations are false when I recall the tens of their curiosity from all parts Of the]The strong and trembling verses of] thousands of young Catholics who have risked and sacrificed their lives in world. The fantastic confraternities their own couplets are the supreme] the defense of our country These fundamentals of life could not be true in the shadow of the Paso wind their[formula of prayer of a people wrap- 'way through that human sea, from lped up in the tragedy of Calvary. whose 'ranks there rises the r~oar~oft The confraternities follow one if- many sounds, like a thousand kinds/ter another; night passes in mystic of music without words and a thou-[rapture and the crowds loiter. It is sand words without music. Then,/almost 2 o'clock. The lights are ex- clear like the note of a trumpet, the~tinguished and darkness engulfs the voices of the chanters pierce th% air./ palaces and the churches, the gardens The multitude is immediately brought|and the patios, the multitudes and the to a .deep silence and a hymn vibrates[decorations, in an atmosphere of fear- clear and pure, stirring the silent]ful mystery. The doors of San- darkness and thrilling the eagerlLorenzo open and with a blaze of hearts. It is the popular prayer ofliight there issues the great typical Seville, the most beautiful and appeal-I procession of "Christ of Great pow- ing supplication ever framed by any]er." This title is now only an admir- people. But not in this manner alone[able symbol of the divine omnipot- does the prayer of Seville rise tolence, by turn humiliated and trium- heaven in the solemn, mystic days ofIphant in the sorrows of the God-Man; Holy Week. There everything be- of the tremendous mystery of a God, comes a prayer, the dramatic setting, at once avenger and victim of the the silent tear, the silk tunic, the un- sins of man. The windows reflect the sandalled foot on the cold flagstone, lights, and from ,the unseen crowd the bouquet of carnations, even the that prays and adores in the dark- wine offered to the image, the popu- ness, issue "saetas," now wailing like lace in tumult and the ceremony sighs of penitents, now fervid like " e " unless your lmputatmns were fals The governor then took up, one by one, the answer to definite questions propounded by Mr. Marshall. "I must first call your attention," he wrote, to the fact that you often divorce sentences from their context in such a way as to give them something other than their real meaning." Says Pope's Edict Fair. "You refer to the apostolic letter of Pope Leo XlII as 'declaring to the world ,that the orders of the Church of England were void, her priests not priests' and so forth. You say that this was 'strange fruit' of the toleration of England to *he Catholics. You imply that .the Pope gratuitously issued an affront to the Anglican church. In fact, this apostolic letter was an answer to a request made at the instance of the priests of the Anglican church for recognition by the Roman Catholic church of the validity of their priestly orders. . . (The Apostolic Letter) was not directed against Fngland or the citmens of tha,,t empire. A ain ou uote from the Catholic encyclopedia that my church g ' Y q ~" " .... as 're~ards dogmatic intolerance, not alone as her mcontestable right, put her sacred duty.' And you say that these words show that Catholics are taught to be politically, socially, and intellectually intolerant of all other )eople. "If you had read .the whole of that article you would know that .the :eal meaning of these words is that for catholics alone can the church recognize no deviation from complete acceptance of its do~ma. aint SECURING FOR THE DIOCESE OF THE EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF ECCLESIASTICAL STUDENTS IN ST. SEMINARY FOR THE ARKANSAS Any Full Burse or Share in an Incomplete Burse nated. An Incomplete Burse Will Be and Recorded. A Burse Is a Sum of Money Invested and Interest Always to Provide Board, Lodging for One Seminarian. ST. JOHN'S SEMINARY BUI SF , COMPLETE ST. MARY'S BURSE, Hot Springs MONSIGNOR TOBIN BURSE, Little Re ANNIE JONES BURSE, Pine Bluff .... MARY HOLLAND-CRAIG BURSE, Pine Blur INCOMPLETI~ BISttOP BYRNE BURSE - ST. JOHN"S ALUMNI BURSE SACRED HEART BURSE-- BISHOP FITZGERALD BE KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS, ARKANSAS INCO MPLETE BURSES BISHOP BYRNE BURSE B ' The Burse to be known as the Bishop honor to the first Bishop of the Diocese of Little has a credit deposit of $4,387 47 This Burse calls amount of donation, and its'present sum total large and small donations by those l the name of Bishop Byrne in connection with the diocese which he organized and unto which prayers, of his work, and of his life. The Bishop Byrne Burse is a popular one, even donations of one dime or more will be ceive due credit on the Seminary records. Previously acknowledged Pupils of Sacred Heart Academy, Helena, Ark. Catholic Daughters of America, Fort Smith, Ark Thanksgiving, Anonymous, Hot Spring~, Ark.-- Ignatian Knight~, S. H. Academy, Helena, Ark.__ "Kindly" --- ....... Donation from :Levy ........ Bequest of Late Mrs. Bridget Sinnott----r-------- Anonymous, Hot Spring~, Ark ......... Ignatian Knight~, Helena, Ark. ........... Children of Sacred Heart Academy, Helena, Ark Pupils of St. Anne's Academy, Fort Smith, Ark. St. Andrew's Cathedral School Children ......... Pupils of St. Anne's Academy, Fort Smith, Ark. Thanksgivirrg ................................................. Catl~edral School Pupils ..................................... j Our Lady of the Holy Souls Pupils ...................................... Total BISHOP FITZGERALD BURSE Very Rev. Monsignor A. P. Gallagher, Mena, Ar~~ truly aristocratic; the toasts to the cries of joy, now sonorous with the ,, Against Intolerance. health of Christ and th9 brave song breaking of hearts under the tragic ST. JOHN'S SEMINARY ALUMNI to tlm beauty of the Virgin. 'Tis the supernatural pressure. When. Christ These words are used in a chapter dealing with that subject only. The genius of a people expressing thus its weighed down with the crimes of man- very same article in another chapter dealing with toleration toward non- This Burse is a foundation by the pr e words 'The tolerant man m avoxded as much as faith in its own peculiar way, incom- kind and escorted by his gloomy bare- Catholics contains thes : .... ordained from the Seminary and is open to prehensible to Catholics from other footed Nazarenes, passes in front of possible by every high-minded person The man who is tolerant in every people in general as a recognition of the lands, the prison, the prisoners gather at emergency is alone lovable.' It is growing dark. Night falls the grating and make grimaces of re- "Similar criticism can be made of many of your quotations. But, be- the faculty and the students of this impor over the city, at once an OrientallPentance at the August Victim of uni- yond this, by what right do you ask me to assume respopsibility for every tution. houri and a Christian Virgin, the im-[versal.expiatin; they extend their statement that can be made in any encyclical-letter?" Previously acknowledged .......................................... mense blue awning of night, decorat-Iarms /with fists closed through the The governor quoted extracts from writings by Dr. John A. Ryan, pro- Bequest of Mrs. Bridget Sinnott, Little Rock, Ark ..... ed with stars, "the tears of the most bars and the "saetas" which come fessor of moral theology at the Catholic University of America, Father Alumnus 1923 ...................................................... holy Mary." Electric lights are inlfrm their ~rough throats are more Pfahle, Cardinal Gibbons/Archbishop Ireland and Archbishop Dowhng in Alumnus 1916 ......................................................... , that "Cathohcs beheve that other reh every street. The plaza of St Francisllike roars than prayers. The image refuting Mh Marshall s statement " " - Miss Bridget Boyle, North Little Rock, Ark ........... looks like a great coliseum in whichlf Christ. a masterpiece of Christian glens should, in the United States, be tolerated only as a matter of favor Alumnus 1926 ........................................................... 1 ed church " The governor's comment buzzes a hive of human bees, await-]art, treads ~he way to Calvary, sur- and that there should be an estab ish ~rounded with splendor and carrymg ing the .divine spectacle. A distant ' was: "I think you have taken your thesis from this limbo of fogrotten Alumnus 1917 i .......................................................... trumpet punctuates the murmur The the cross. As in the days of the Pas- controversies." : . . . The Catholic Daughters of America, Fort Smith, Ar] ,, h hcs" wrote the governor, "I stand squarely m processions are approaching In the sion, the multitude follows silent and With these great Cat o ' , luminous haze of the street: charged devout, bowed down with misery and support of the constitution which guarantees religious freedom and equality. Friends, Slovactown, Ark. ....................................... with the perfume of jasmines mingled sin. But the way of the cross is as "I come now," Governor Smith said, "to the speculatmn with whmh Thanksgiving, Hot Springs, Ark ........................... with the aroma;~of cigars, the pointed glorious in the streets of Seville as theorists have played for generations as .to the respective functions of the Mr. W. B. Healey ......... : ................................ silhouettes of the Nazarenes come in- it was sad in the streets of Jerusalem. church and state: You claim that the Roman Catholic Church holds that, if to view. The multitude is all allen- The Christia~l people pay tribute to conflict arises, the church must prevail over the state. You write as though Total .................................... lion. Head coverings are removed as their Redeemer, the eternal satisfac- there were some Catholic authority or tribunal to decide with respect to SACRED HEART BURSE by the force of an irresistible wind tion and homage of their love which such conflict. Of course there is no such thing. Your church, just as mine, Carried aloft on the shoulders of me~ will outlast the world and all time is voicing the injunction of our common Saviour to render unto Caesar the Grateful Recipient of Favors the sorrowing image of the Redeemer Motley Crowd in Streets things that are Caesar s and unto God the things that are Gods. Morrilton Friend __ other roces Grateful Re~pmnt of Favor~ "makes its solemn appartition. However, .there ar~ P - No Conflict, Smith J[sserts. . ~ .. -- - - " " " - 9 2~_nonymous Donataon ---------- Prayer, and Supphcattons [mons and other con~ratermtms :: "What is this conflict about which you talk. It may exist in some lands "Kindly" Before and after the Paso, extend come, even through the next day, " which do not guarantee religious freedom. But in the wildest dreams of -'--'-"--7-- the files of Nazarenes, rigid and de-[pecially that of the Virgin of 'the ............... - ...... a nossible conflict between reli- Recipient of Many Foyers, Melee, Ark. ..... ~ your lmaglna~;lon you cztn uu~ ~u,ju~ ~v ~- your, outhned by the w~erd h ht Macarena, the quarter most typmal of ' n the un m Tenn g I =.i^us -.rinci-qes and nolitical duty in the United States, .except o - Grateful Recipient of Favors, Memph" , like the silhouettes of Chinese shades.]Seville, which adores as queen and '~ ~. v. . v .. ~- - " ere to be -assed which violated the ........ A~la co:V:er~ii:~?n b:~ses=d:~lvl~Udi:fsl~duYn:h:bYu~thth: ~fe:mti~:~p1 h:?:i t:::Km?:e::rP~::;:f :~laG:d-~:a;an~ :en. And 1~ you can cth~eUd~c=tS:h' Th===;;2:nymout, Little Rock, Ark.. p ye g .. g Y . / ...... - .*. a conflict how would a Protestant resolve it. Obviously Dy ' [ "~--~---,i~n- for Favors Received away, and ~ne suppnca~ion rasing xrom/groupea ~ne ~azarenes, a ~rme pro- . .............. hat a Catholic would do i''"~'~ "" ~' -- " the soul becomes more eloquent and[fane, as corresponds with the men- ms,consemnce. na~. s exac~,y, w. : ,, " h the street at the other side "of the the young girls, the Magdalenes,I ..................... , ....... e levat I Annymous ! ---- " ' the tuous streets and sweeping by the in reau~y is ennancea vy ~n e - plaza winding xts way slowly toward with the ~radesmen, the poor, 1 [ ] Thanlo ving for Favors R~etvtd . the basilica. Finally the last ranks tourists, the gypsies. The fondness|flowery trellises of the houses of[ing beauty of the statues, the pompl r ne have left the laza for the divine does not sleet) in these[Seville In the midst of the crowd, land the gayety of the people always] -,: .,i i of the Naza e s P " - " " of Se Total From the other side, a new murmur surroundings but remains 'unre-]tired now and s[~mewhat m dmorder,]a feature of ,the feast days -] of expectation buzzes above the dark strained. The hurrahs of the popu-]the Nazarenes come erect and well-/ville., At bottom are the deep and] KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS lStJR~l~ lace the tea ts f t e to er,the disciplined, like penitent monks on/consoling mysteries of Holy Week,] mass of people. , s o h P - 1 .......... ~-It and ex-ressed b'" a happy and[Axkamdm K. of C. Counc~ -~ Resplendent with costly jewels, her pompous words, of the dandy,the|a pi~gmmage. ,n sp~e o~ a mgn~ o~[~e v # I artistic people, dreamers and be- O145 ..... wi'h Id her " / [ " " ] " INFORMATION AND DONATI ~~lig~i ] / ~!VgarSn~iet:~enl~rb:p:imn~fi~nh~:f t~:~ I lug :~: f~::~fif~n 7~:T:dntlt?=~ ~! downUpna withher' herSilver" "sorroP:d:s~m'!s and ..... herWe~gneaj ewels" " |]|" thesawour,, universaIjesus triumphChtast. . of our Holy w.likewi~A,~t~all~tdnatim|Jok~ ~.shuld be rant to the R~dmr,