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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 22, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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Page Two I I A VALUABLE HIS- TORICAL DOCUMENT Dealing With the Oldest and Most Honored Families of the State--Valliem, Vaugine, LeFevte, Bogy, Dortiseux, Corondelet. (The following interesting lfistorieal document was shown to the editor of the Southern Guardian by Mrs. B. E. Benton of Pine Bluff, whose mother, Mrs. E. . Walker, is almost the last connecting link in te Arkansas asso- ciations of the twentieth century with those of the eighteenth. Mrs. Walker is still living, a resident of Little Rock, and though over eighty years of age is strong and vigorous enough to attend mass at St. Andrew's cathedral every fine morning. It was at the request of Mrs. Walker that Mrs..Myra Yaughan, our distin- guished Arkansas historian, whose mas- sive history of the state has been for many years in course of preparation, and which may seem see the light, delved into the pages of Oayarre, Lou- islana's great historian, and the works of other noted writers, to trace the gen- ealogy and history of Arkansas' most celebrated pioneers. The merit of this sketch consists in the valuable histor- ical data which it gives. It would be a pleasant work to make a running comment on many of the events and personages mentioned in the narrative, but probably the most acceptable form in which it can be presented to the readers of the Southern Guardian is the plain, well-connected record of Mrs. Vaughan. CoL Creed Taylor, who was born at I{arrodsburg, Ky., 1800, and died at New Gascony, 18'87, made a special ef- fort to have the immense Don rallierc grant of land, eighty miles wide and 120 miles long, reinstated in the courts. At different times David B. Ogden, A. P. Upshur, Thomas Addis Emmet, Judge Kent, Daniel Webster, Rufus Choate, Benj. F. Butler and Wm. H. Duryea were employed in the case. Mrs. Lizzie Graeie, the mother of Mr. John M. Gvaeie, the largest cotton planter in the South, and Sister to Mrs. Eulalie raugine Walker, died recently at Little Rock, leaving Mrs. Walker the sole relict of the historic past.-- :Editor of Southern Guardian.) Genealogical Notes of the Valliere- Vaugine Family. In Vol. I of Gayarre's History of Louisiana, written in French, and pub- lished many years previous to the Eng- lish edition, there is a Hst of the offi- cers in the French service in Louisi- ana, in 1730. Among others, I find the name of Renault D'Hauterlve. This is the first mention I have found of the rallieres in the records of Lou- isiana, although an officer of that name is mentioned in the account of the early wars in Acadia, between the French and the troops of New England, when their respective sides were endeavoring to get possession of the Acadian coun- try. In the records I have consulted, the name is spelled in different ways, as ralliere, D 'Hautricve, Dautrive D'Hauterive and Valllere-D'Hauterive In 1736, in an account of the san guinary and disastrous battle fought near the present site of the city of Mempliis by the French against tht 0hickasaw Indians, D'Hauterive was wounded and M. de Bienville speaks of him as a "captain of Grenadiers." This battle was called Ackia, from the Indian town of that name near the field of battle, and was fought May 20, 1736. D'Hauterive was in the second cam- paign against the Indians in 1740. He was a member of the council of wa,, and advised the retreat of the French from the country of the Chickasaw In- dians, which advice was followed. In 1740, Gayarre gives another list of the French officers, and in the report of Bienvillc, accompanying this list, lie says that Dauterive had been for a long time in the French service, before com- ing to Louisiana, and that he was a captain when lie came to Loulsians in 120. In 1736 lie was made Chevalier of the Order of St. Louis, which was a very highly prized honor, and in 1740, "then fifty-two years of ago," tie was a major of New Orleans, a position of trust, which carried with it a salary of ],200 ]lyres per annum. I find no further mention of him, and in 1763, when the number of sol- diers in Louisiana was reduced to four companies, his name does not appear, and the supposition is that lie was re- tired from service by this time. But in the archives of the United States, under the head of Land Titles, :[ found the name again. This time it was written Dauterieve. M. Dafter- love had petitioned for a grant of land, nl ]771, in the District of Attakapas, which petition was favorably acted up- on, and the formal act of possession took place December 8, 1775. In the record made by the commandant of the district he is described as "an ancient captain of infantry." This Js proba- bly the Dauterieve, captain of Grena. diers,:as already mentioned. Later we find his name is given as Bernard, and yet it may be the same man called, in another place, Renault, as the French are prone to give many baptismal names, and in their signatures do not confine themselves to a single one ot these vnrious names. Bernard Dauter- love's effects were sol,l, and his widow bought the tract of ]and, December 9, former widow of Bernard Dauterieve sold, on her account, a part of the orig- inal grant, which was for a league front, by half a league in breadth, on the Bayou Teehe. No children are spoken of, and no heirs claimed the land, so that it would appear that there were two families of Dauterieves. But the name of Bernard, which appears in so many names, indicates a colnuion an- cestry. I have found mention in the United States records of.a Bernard Dau- terive, living on the Mississippi river, as late as 1812. Don Joseph Bernard Valliere D'Hau- terive probably belonged to another branch of the family. The marriage record of his son, Francois Bernard Valliere, declares that Don Joseph Ber- nard Vallierc was born in Languedoc, France, and that his wife, Marie Fe- licite de Moran, was a native of New Orleans. Don Joseph Valliere was given a tract of land in the Attakapas district, in which tile grant to Bernard Dau- terieve was situated. It was, also, on the Bayou Teche, but was for forty arpens front, by twenty, which was a small grant in comparison with that of Bernard Dauterieve. It was a custom of the rench and Spanish governments to make large concessions of land for valuable services rendered by their old officers and agents, which would ac- count for the difference in value be- tween the two grants, and is also an indication that Don Joseph was a un- ior officer. Don Joseph Vallicre did not take pos- session of his grant until 1780, and was living on Bayou Teehe when the com- mand of the post of Arkansas was of- fered him. He was prospering in the Attakapas country, and had made val. uable acquisitions of land, by purchase, as the records of the United States show, but he was promised a valuable concession of land in the new district to induce him to make the change. While on Bayou Teche, his land was near that of M. Vaugine, who later married his daughter. In 1782 and 1784 the records show that M. Do Vau- gine was in command of the district of Natehitoches. Mr. Francois ,raugine came to Ar- kansas with Don Joseph Valliere, in the capacity of adjutant-major, indi- cating that Don Joseph was acting colo- nel. Mr. Francois Vaugine'borc the title of major from that time until his death. He was the son of the Marquis Etienne de Vaugine, lieutenant colonel of the "Royal and Military Order of St. Louis," and of his wife, Antoinette Pelagic D 'Eliverliers. The Marquis de Vaugine was one of the four captains retained in the ser- vice when the forces in Louisiana were reduced to four companies, because the king of France was so much engaged with foreign foes that he could not spare any forces for the far-away coun- try of Louisiana. The Marquis de Vau- gine was sensible enough to see that the lench of Louisiana had no power to resist the Spaniards, to whom they had been transferred, consequently he treated the new Spanish governor, U1- lea, with courtesy, and so avoided the troubles arising during the regime of General O 'Reilly. The Marquis dc Yaugine lived, prob. ably, on the Mississippi river, for the historian, GaYarre , in a letter, said that lie had seen his portrait, at the house of the Widow Perret, opposite the Rest Place, parish of gt. Charles. I find that as late as 1823 a Widow Yaugine lived in this same parish, and that her house adjoined that of the Perrets. In another place she is spoken of as Madame Vaugine D'Arenbourg and the land on which she lived was said to be hers by right of purchase, and possession for moro than twenty- five years. There was probably a relationship be- tween the Vaugine and Perret fami- lies.  The Vaugines continued to live on the Mississi.ppi river for many years, for Mr. Leon Le Fevre, whose mother's name was Pelagic Vaugine, told me, several years ago, that when a young man lie went to New Orleans, and, by accilent, landed on the Missis. sippi river near the home of a Mrs. Yaugine, who recognized the relation- ship and asked him to remain With her. There was some connection between the two families, for when Pelagie Vaugine married Pierre Le Fevre, the father of Loon Le Fevre, Major Yaugine, as guardian of Pelagic Yaugine, had to give his consent to the marriage. The marriage certificate said that she was a native of New Orleans, and it is no- ticeable that her name is the same as that of the Marquise de Vaugine, name- ly, Pelagic. If the commandant of Natchitoehes district, in 1782 and 1784, is our Major Vaugine, of whiclrc l have no doubt; he ad Don Joseph Yalliere did not come to the Arkansas post before the early part of 1787. In proof of this, the earliest mention of him in Arkan- sas is in the records of Arkansas coun- ty, in a copy of a deed, which states that the land mentioned in the deed was granted to the original owner in 1787', when Don Joseph Valliere .was commandant of the Post of Arkansas. 1775. This was only one day after the *(Mrs. Eulalie Walker .tells :us that date of possession, so that the suppost Mudame Perret was a cousin.of Major tion is natural that lie had died before li'rancoin Vaugine.) : , ' i/, ] coming into possession of Iris grant and The records of:th.o, (ab|lali,chureh I the grant was sold by law, and thus also show tlmt as l.s Jpnary, 1787,1 became the property-of the widow. ]Jacques Du Breuil w .ip commnd'of I In 1787 the second husband of the the Post of Arkansas, and the refer-] THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN ence is clear that the Vallicres and Vaugincs came to the Arkansas Post not earlier than that date. Don Joseph Yalliere was succeeded by Don Ignace, Chahnettc, Martin De Line, probably in 1791, for the position of commandant, as Major Stoddard says in his history was in later years generally bestowed for the term of fou years. Dc Line continued in command until 1794, when Dc illemont succeed- ed him. ]:rom information procured in New Orleans from Mr. Beers, librarian of the Howard Memorial Library, we learn that Captain De Line had married Mag- delaine de Yaugino, sister of Major Francois Yaugine. Gayarre says that Magdelaine Yaugino was the intimate friend of Constance Grand Pro, who married his grandfather. Mrs. Beers gave Mrs. Creed Walker a copy of a letter written by Mr. J. W. Cruzat, in which lie gives us some further information in regard to the De Lines. He says that Captain De Line had five children, two sons, who died without issue, and three daugh- ters. These daughters nmrried, re- spectively, Do crges De St. auveur, Antoine Cruzat (son of the lieutenant governor of Upper Louisiana), and the third, the Chevaliere de la Houssaye, so that by these marriages the Yau- ginos of noble birth in their own right became connected with the best blood of Louisiana in other branchen. The mother of the first De Line in America was Antonettc Chahnette de St. Nc- zier of Lyons, France, whence came the name Chalmette. By the marriage of her grandson, Jean Francois De Li- ne (king's attorney) to Angelique Chartier do Lothbiniers, the family in- corporated the descendants of the fa- mous Alain Chartier, whom Queen Margaret kissed in recognition of his talents. The Ignace De Line in whom we are particularly interested was the grandson of Antoinette de Lothbiniere and it was on his plantation that the battle of New Orleans was fought. While the name of De Line has become extinct, says Mr. Cruzat, yet their de- scendants, in the female line, may be counted by the hundreds in and about New Orleans. Don Joseph Bernard Yalliere D'Hau- torive was born in Languedoc, France, but the date of his arrival in Louisi- ana is not known by his descendants. tic lived in New Orleans, where there is a Yalliere street, said to have bce named for him. It ,a certain that in the old days in France the Yalliere family stood high. When his services as a French offi- cer began we have no means of deter- mining, but his family say that lie was in the French service from 1761-1763. This latter date corresponds with the date of the reduction of the forces in Louisiana to four companies, France being so occupied in Europe with op- posing armies that she had no soldiers to spare for far-away Louisiana. Af- ter the Spanish occupation the Sieur of France was replaced by the Spanish title, Don, although French officers were continued in command .of the various posts as long as Spain was in control of Louisiana, and, in fact, I have found but two officers in command of Arkan- sas Post whose names were Spanish. It was probably about 1763 that Don Joseph Valliere married Marie Felicite de Moran, a native of Now Orleans. The records of the Catholic cathedral of New Orleans show the date of this marriage and the baptismal recods of this same catheddal show that he had four children prior to his arrival in the district of Arkansas, the oldest, being Bernard, the second, Marie Fe- licite, the third, Francois, and the fourth Eugenia. Don Joseph went to Attakapas dis- trict in 1780 and as previously stated id not reach Arkansas Post until some time in the early part of 1787. In that time Bernard and Eugenia had probably died as no mention is made of them in Arkansas records, nor in family tradition. But there was an- other daughter, whose name often oc- curs as godmother in the church rec- ords, who must have been piously in- clined, as she was actively engaged in getting children bsptized, Indians as well as whites. Her name is variously given as Augustine, Elizabeth Augus- tine or Marie Augustine, but most com- monly as simply Augustine. Later she was married to a Louis Jordelas, whose parents were from New Orleans, and disappears from the church and family records. As before stated, the Arkansas coun- ty records show that Don Joseph Yal- liere was in command at tile Post of Arkansas in 1787. His title is given several times in the Catholic church records. In these he is styled "Sieur Joseph," or "Don Joseph," or "Don Joseph Va]liere," "Captain of the Sta- tionary Regiment of Louisiana, Civil and Military Commandant of the Post of Arkansas and its Dependencies." The word "Sieur" is the French equiv- alent of the Spanish word "Don," and both indicate a person of noble descent. Don Joseph Val]iere was an command until 1791, when he was succeeded by Don Ignaee Dc Line, whose wife was a sister of Major Francis Vaugine. In 1793, in acknowledgment of Don Joseph Valliere's services, Baron de Carondelet, governor of Louisiana, made him a grant of land, "beginning at the junction of White river with the great North Fork in the upper pa/'t of the Arkansas, and extending ton Span- ish leagues, or about orty miles, on each bank of White river, winding up through the s.outhern part of Missouri and then extending to the west and southwest, ending at the source of the extreme westerly branch of the White river, in the eastern part of Arkansas. This tract as made up of over 6,000,000 acres, and on the map of today takes in Ozark, Douglas, Stone, Barry Chris- tian "and Taney counties in Missouri, and about a dozen counties in Arkansas, malting a tract ,eighty mflen wide and 120 broad. ' Another account adds that "the territory claimed is only twelve miles less than that of the kingdom of Belgium. Its area is greater than that of the whole state of Maryland. The land claimed stretches along the White river in Missouri and Arkansas, the whole or parts of 24 counties, and 7,000 acres of land in Indian Territory. The value of the claim was over $10,000,- OOO." The order of Baron De Carondelet reads as follows: "A1 Capitan D'N Joseph Valliere en el Distrito de Arkansas, una per cion de tierra situada sobro el Rio Blanco y extendiendo desde, los Rio Norto Grande, y cibalos, hasta el ori- gien de dicho Rio Blanco diez leguas en profundidad--Baron de Caronde- let." The report of Charles Trudeau, sur- veyor general, and a map representing the tract, were filed in New Orlean. These orders and reports were all made in duo form and when Don Joseph died, some time in 1799, lie was possessed "of the largest lot of real estate ever owned by a royal subject." No move was made for a complete title, after his death, and later Louisiana wab transferred from Spain to France, and thence, in 1803, to the United States. During these changes the land records of tim Province of Louisiana were, by the order of Capt. General of sent to that place. One account of this great land claim says that the records of this grant were accidentally discovered by a gentleman in the surveyor-general's office, nearly forty years after the death of the grantee. This gentleman informed the Valliere heirs of the records of their deed in June, 1841. The surviving heirs gave a deed to John Wilson of Msourt for an undivided half interest in these lands. Wilson was an enterprising law- yer, who moved to Missouri when there were no land titles there except Spanish land titles. He became involved in the elucidation of such grants and spent his whole life in pursuing clues to pan- ish and Mexican land grants, and it was supposed that lie would be able to stralghten this grant, as lie had so many others. But, as before stated, the land records of Louisiana had been taken to Cuba and were not obtainable. Wilson purchased in Nw Orleans, for $7,000, from a Mrs. Pintard, copies of the grants, some in full and some in substance. These formed evidence of the grants made. Then, he found, in the secretary of state's office, the gov- ernor-general's order book, containing the first official act of the-Valliere grant, in the handwriting of Baron de Carondclet. This, with the archives purclmsed from Mrs. Pintard, gave him the first and second official acts, and he went to Havana with a letter of in- troduction from Daniel Webster to try to get the third from the hidden ar- chives. He was put off for a long time, but finally the keeper of the archives took him secretly to the old tobacco warehouse, where they were In a gloomy inner apartment, dumped on the floor, lay cart loads of records. After great labor, Wilson extracted the Valliere grant, in due form and prop- erly signed. Of this he was permitted to take a copy. This was all done be- fore the deed to him of half the claim was made. After this deed was made he went to New York, where he organ- ized a company to secure confirmation of the grant. Wilson sold his claim to the undivided half of this grant to Fames Currie in 1842. In 1843 Daniel Webster and Rufus Choate wrote a joint opinion on the claim saying that Yalliere had obtained a good title to the land. New York capitalists who were interested obtained the concur- rence in this opinion of David B. Og- den, A. P. Ushur, Thomas Addis Em- met, Judge Kent and other lawyers. Next, two certificate copies of the grant were obtained from Havana, and the claim was presented to the United States Court in Arkansas in 1846. It was thrown out for want of prosecu- tion. In 1860 an act was passed for the final adjustment of private land claims in Florida, Louisiana and Missouri. The renewal of the Yalliero claim reap- peared in the courts, this time brought by Lawyer William H. Duryea of New York, James Currie having died, and Mr. Duryea becoming one of the own- ers. Duryea, by information from Ha- vana, was convinced of the genuineness of the claim, and filed a new petitio for the land, just eighty-two years af- ter the date of the original grant. The United States, through the attorney of tile Uhitcd States Court of the Western District of Missouri, interposed a de- murrer, which, after the case had drag- ged along till February, 1878, the court sustained, declaring the grant invalid, and dismissed the bill of the claimants. The petitioners appealed to the United States Supreme Court, to which the case was submitted on printed argument. The Supreme Court confirmed the decree of the District Court, dismissing the suit from the courts, holding that for want of an adequate description by which it can now be surveyed or iden- tified, the claim did not come within the provisions of the section of the act of 1860, which brought the claims to the notice of the courts." After this defeat, an offer of 500,000 acres of the land claimed was made to General B. F. Butler to induce him to renew the suit. A study of Justice Miller's decision, in which the other members of the Supreme Court con curred, has led lawyers to believe that the claim still exists and may be pros- ecuted through the provisions of the act of 1860, looking to the confirmation of grants by Congress, and that the claim was not declared invalid by the Supreme Court, but that the bill was dismissed for want of jurisdiction. Ac- cordingly, the claim may yet engage the attention of the lawyers and spec- ulators, and the hopes of the heirs of Don Joscph ralliere. Don Joseph Bernard Valliere D'Hau- terive's daughter,. Marie Felicite Val- liere, mar;tied Mavr Francois .Nuis merit de Yaugine, aher his removal to Arkansas, as is proved by records o her maiden name, signed, as godnmther, on the baptismal register of the Cath- olic church as late as January 26, 1789, when Father Guignes was the officiat- ing priest. The children of Major Vaugine and wife were as follows: Manctte Yaugine, who nmrrled James Scull. Eulalie, who married Creed Taylor, in October, 1821, and died August 1, 1827. Francois, born in 1800, married Au- dilo DesruisseauX. Etienne, who married Mathilde Dc- risseaux Desruisseaux. Etienette, who married John Dodge. Paul, who married Harriet Wolfe. It was mainly through the Yaugine heirs that any steps were taken to gain possession of the immense Yalliere in- heritance, especially through the energy of Col. Creed Taylor, who as noted above had married a granddaughter of Don Joseph Yalliere. But his claims on the inheritance did not end here, for by the marriage of Francois Bernard Valliere, son of Don Joseph Yalliere he became doubly connected with the Valliere family. It was in this way , Francois Bernard Valliero, as he was generally known, married November 4 1799, Marie Ann De Torres, a native of Santo Fe, and had several children namely, Adelaide, Felieite, Manette Francois and a daughter named Marie Ann, who became the second wife of Col. Creed Taylor in 1828. She died in 1837. One descendant of Col. Creed Tay- lor by his first marriage to Eulalie Vau- gine, still (1911) survives Mrs. Eulolie Walker, now living in Little Rock. The descendants of the second wife are represented by grandchildren, alone, in fact, tim name Valliere has disap- peared entirely, though there is a long list of descendants in the female line but mainly through the Yaugize line of ancestry. In this connection I deem it )roper to speak more at length of the Yaugine ancestry. Major Francois Yaugine lived for many years at the Post of Arkansas, and later moved to a plantation about four miles below Pine Bluff, where he died in 1831, be- ing sixty-three years of age at .the time. If this date as given by his fam- ily is correct,-he was about nineteen years old when he came to Arkansas Post, but it was a rule in the Spanish service that younger sons of noble fam- ilies, and sons of old officers, could be promoted to the position of lieutenants and captains, when they had attained the age of sixteen, as I have found in Spanish records. Major Yauginc's services as an offi- cer did not end with the discontinuance of Don Joseph Yalliore's command of the district of Arkansas. The records show that lie was captain of militia in the Spanish service in 1791, 1792 and as late as 1799, and probably as long as that regime contnued in Louisiana. There is a tradition that he served in the War of 1812, but I have 'ound no record of the fact, though his son- in-law, James Scull, was commissioned as captain of a company in the Arkan- sas Battalion by Governor Ben How- ard, and another son-in-law, Jhn Dodge, who was clerk of Arkansas coun- ty when that county embraced nearly the whole of what now forms the state of Arkansas, was commissioned second lieutenant of the Second company of the First battalion of the Seventh reg- iment, in January, 1815, during the pleasure of the govenor, Wm. Clark. ' Major Yaugine became a citizen of the United States after the transfer of the country and was, as early as August 20, 1803, commissioned as 'First Judge of the Court of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions for the Dis- trict of Arkansas," while Arkansas formed part of the territory of Missou- ri. December 17, 1811, lie was the pre- siding judge of the Orphans' Court, and had been appointed to the office before this time, as there are several gaps in the records of Arkansas county caused by the destruction of valuable records by fire, January 4, 1814, he was commissioned judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Arkansas county. Major Francis Yaugine, as lie was now called, had eceived valuable grants of land in Louisiana and Ar- kansas from the Spanish government and had purchased ether landed prop- erty. He owned negro as well as In- dian slaves and was largely interested n agricultural pursuits, and in the trade with the Indians. He was a man of probity and had great influence in the colony, and later, in the county in which lie lived, and tat where he died. He became the owner of a large landed estate, as already stated, and made lib- eral gifts of land to his children' and grandchildren before his death. At that time his fortune was considered mmense. He was a gentleman by birth and training and by education, and visitors to the territory, in the early days descant at length on his courtly hospitality, manners and the great fund of interesting reminiscences he could relate. It is from him we have the account of the rescue of the Indian woman's child from the band of Osages and Delawares by Saracen: as given in luttall's Travels in Ar- kansas Territory, in 1819. A few years before his death Major Vaugine married Mrs. Mary Des Rul- scaux, sometimes spelled Derreseaux, daughter of Joseph Bogy. The records of Arkansas county show a long and interesting marriage contract, entered into between these parties, by whicl all the Des Rnisseaux property, amt the probable Bogy inheritance, were set aside and protected, for lrs. Yaugine and the Des Ruisseaux heirs. Two sons of Major Yaugine married two daughters of his second, wife, and caused a double relationship between the Yaugines and the Bogys. Major V, augine's daughter, Manette, married James Scull, and his brother, Hewes, married a sister of Mrs. Mary Vaugine, second wife of Major Yaugine. An- other sister, Catherine Bogy, nmrried Don Carlos de Yillemont, a former commandant of Arkansas Post, and by these and other marriages the Yalliere and Yaugine family became allied with the most influential families living in the Arkansas district. As American families moved to the country, after the transfer of the country to the Unit- ed States, marriage relations were en- tered into among them, and though there are none left to the Yalliere name, many of Don Joseph's descendants still survive, but more especially of the Vaugine branch of the family. Of the Yaugines, many are still living, nota- bly in Jefferson and Pulaski counties, and other parts of the state, but few of the descendants have French names, most of them belonging to the Anglo- Saxon race. In Jefferson county we find these descendants under the name of Taylor, Walker, Benton, Scull, Car- roll, Butler, also some of the Des Ruis- seaux and Bogys are still found in Jef- ferson and Arkansas counties who are connected with these families by mar- riage. In Little Rock we find a repetition of the Walker, Scull, Carroll and Butler names, with the addition of those bear- ing the name of Tucker, with branches of this family in Chicago and Wash- ington City. We have, also, the Gra- eies, Halliburtons and widely scattered !through Pulaski county we find the de- scendants of Pierre Le Fevre and Pe- lagic Vaugine. The Le Fevres were, i originally, from Canada, about the time that the Vallieres arrived in Arkansas. Pierre Le Fevre was, in his day, a man of mark, and accumulated a very large fortune, in Indian trade, which was all lost by the changes induced by the new trade arrangement made with the In- dians by the government of the United States. The full baptismal name of Major Francois Vaugine's father I found in the records of the Catholic church in the register of the baptism of one of the children 'of Major Vaugino. I will copy the original and give a transla- tion also, as follows: "Le vingt six de May, rail sept cent quatre-vingt-treize, par nous pretre missionaire soussigno a ete baptise sol- emnement Etienne, Francois, Joseph, Ignaee, ne le seize de Mars dernier du Legitime Mariage de Sr. France Do Yaugine Nulsement Captaine Des Mil- liees et de,Dame Marie Felictie De Valliere son opouse. Le parrain, r. Eti- enne De raugine, Lieutenant Golonel Et Chelalier De L'Ordre Royal Et Mili- tairo de St. Louis. La marraine Dame Marie Felieito Moran Epouse De N. Jo- seph De Yalliere Captaine au Regiment fixe De La Louisiana, Grand-pore Et Grand-mere Du Baptise. Mr. et Mad- ame Delino ont ete Leurs procureurs et ont signes pour Eux, avex nous ains que le pore Et les presents. "Ignaee De]ino, ' ' Yaugine Delino, "Pete Gibeult Misne, ' ' Pretrs: ' ' Translation. "The 20th day of May, 1793, by us Missionary priest, undersigned has been solemnly baptized, Stephen, Fran- cois, Joseph, Ignace, born the 16th day of March last; issue of the legitimate marriage of gieur Francis De Vaugine Nuisement, Captain of Militia, and of Madame Marie, Felicite De Yalliere, his wife. The godfather was Mr. Ste- phen De Yaugine, Lieutenant Colonel, and Chevalier of the Royal and Mili- tary Order of St. Louis. The godmother was Madame Marie Felicitc Moran, wife of Joseph De Yalliere, Captain of the Stationary Regiment of Louisiana, grandfather and grandmother of the baptised child. Mr. and Madame De- line were their substitutes, and have signed for them, as ell as the father and the others present. "Ignaco Delino, ' 'Vaugine Delino, ' ' P. Gibault, Mis 'y, ' ' Priest. ' I will copy an order of Don Joseph Yallierc, of which only two are extant up to this date, July, 1901. It is as follows: "L'an mil sept cent quatre vingt huit, Le Douze D'Aout set mort et ere enterre Duns le cemetiere de es post, le moraine Pierre ills de Madame La- rose, eta defaut de Cure Je certifie avoir hordonne son ynhumation dans le cemetiere de ce post le jour, et an que dessu. ' ' Jh. Yalliere." Translation. ":In the year 1788, August 121 the son of Madame Larose, named Peter, died and was buried in the cemetery of this post, and in default of a priest, I certify that I ordered his burial in the cemetery of this post, the day and year written above. Jh. Yalliere. There are many curious questions suggested by stray notes found in dif- ferent records, as, for instance, who was the lieutenant, Antoine Yalliere, of the Louisiana regiment, who stood god- father for Antoine Hulf, January 12, 1789 Was he a brother, son, cousin, or simply a relative of Don Joseph Valllere It seems more likely a broth- or, as he was a member of the same regiment and at the same time as that Don Joseph belonged to the Louisiana regiment. But it is idle to conjecture, at this late day, as echo only answers, Who Compiled by Mrs. Myra raughan, at various times, finished in 1901, cop- ied 1902. LITTLE BOY SAYS GRACE. A little Hartford boy of. rather a thoughtful and inquiring turn of mind asked his father one day, after the silent grace at dinner: "Papa, why don't you say it aloud?" "You may say it aloml if you wish, my son," re- plied the fath0r, and, bowing bJs head, the litt!e: fellow solemnly originated this umque grace: "God have cy on these victuals. ' ' t