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April 20, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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April 20, 1945

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PAGE SIX THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 20, 1945 i ':  m,, ,-: . ! .i ,,?;. -. -d,f ., . .'!• - ' If .... - --'-. - ................................. . ......... , ........... i- - | ....... . ........................ • .:-' .... S ..... t P ,ne Blu,ff i00omr!m u nit v lpr0 ud Of T hrlvln q Ca t h 0 l lc Instltutl00]th of I __  "1 ' : r " Ł * : A '' -- '  , ' " ' " St. Joseph's Church, Pine Bluff , .. .' ,, ,. 00try In till Entrance Of Russian 5,x J0urnalists Inducted o . ,./ "'.Jllfl; J[fV'''.1[ ' ''P I Little Rock--Six members of,April 18• ileaature story by Pal II S W the Press Clui of Mt St Mary's I Miss Joan Osborn ' fling in Thursday | ,f'rrf'' "; IrJrrP'r f' Ancds°lr,:i!!ldau;Hii;  d:rtii"Jn°ngneaOaSabugr:eT:iIlhTheeFyrn: i| |J  * || | |=||| | Y 'g J • , Mount , who has f01 Lg on the front pal a beautiful tribute lov)n, loved and WASHINGTON LETTER s eulogy for Mrs. ! Company, conducted burro, the "-Litt By J. J. Gilbert Georgetown U. Grid Star tion and spoke to the Black', deserves x ents of Fort Smitl Washington.Entrance of Red Army troops into Vienna was strikingly unattended by celebration anywhere, except perhaps in Soviet Russia. In fact, it produced a sobering influence in many quarters. Observers here were frank to say that it threw one whole phase of the United Nations' responsibility into sharper focus than that in which it has been seen. Some saw the event as causing "ser- lous concern" in United Nations circles. I t t *[ Vienna, to begin with, is like no other capitol in Europe. Not only is it an old and large capitol, but is steeped in Catholic tradi- tions and culture going back many centuries• There are those who insist that, except for Rome, there is no capitol so Catholic as Vien- na. After Prague, it is the oldest university city in the former Holy Empire. Hitler himself is said to have appreciated that Vienna had an imperial look, at- mosphere and tradition that Ber- lin never attained, and planned to make it the capitol of the German Empire. Austria, however, is not a con- quered nation. This is a fact, ob- servers point out, which should be clearly borne in mind to ap- preciate what the liberation of that country means in United Na- tions' responsibility, It is a coun- try which Hitler occupied, like Czechoslovakia, Holland, Bel- gium, etc. In fact, students of such matters assert that "Vienna is the keystone of the central arch on which Europe rests" and "the very core of Europe." Bearing in mind that Austria is a "liberated" country, not an enemy country, observers recall earlier-mentioned plans for Rus- sian, British and Ameriearh troops to occupy the eastern, western and middle sections of Austria, re- spectively. William Philip Simms, Scripps-Howard Foreign Editor, suggests that "if this plan is car- ried out, Austrians and others fear it would almost certainly doom the country politicaUy, economically and socially for a long time, if not permanently." To put Austria on the same foot- ing with Hitler's Reich "would deal a severe blow to Austrian pride," he adds, suggesting that Russia, Great Britain and the United States might invite France to take on alone the occupation of Austria. French culture and Au- strian cuRure are traditionally similar, he says. But even while the question of Austria's occupation is seen by many as one to require much thought and probably some ad- justment, Soviet Russia breaks out with the same political and MEYER'S BAKERY "Meyer's Fresh Bread" Pine "Bluff Arkansas propaganda tactics which have caused so much uneasiness else- where. Soviet Government-con- trolled Pravda lashes out with a typically hysterical, attack upon the Catholic Church--this time in Austria--which it accuses of con- stituting the main obstacle to a "patriotic front" in that coun- try. England and the United States, some feel, have been caught more or less napping. Vienna, which the Soviets are promoting to suc- ceed Geneva as the seat of the new world organization looms aU at once as the real key to all of Europe. What steps two of the "Big Three" have taken to parti- cipate in its occupation do not now appear. Some say it is doubtful if England and the United States are prepared for this tremendous responsibility. At the same time, there is a very real doubt in some quarters that the occupation by the "Big Three" should take place at all. This makes more ominous the recurrence of the Soviet pattern of anti-Catholic propaganda in connection with the occupation of this thoroughly Catholic country• Is it a warning that Russia will insist upon her will in Austria despite the positions of England and the United States? Could it be an indication that there will not be a three-nation occupation after all? Why do the Russian press and radio say Austria can be free and independent, but it must adopt a pro-Slav policy, and that it can- not expect to have the Hapsburgs back or to combine in a Catholic state with Bavaria? Some may explain that the Rus- sians have driven the Germans out of Austria; that they are the only Allied troops in that country, and that meanwhile someone has to speak out for the Allies. Against this it should be said again that Austria is not an enemy country, and should not be treat- ed as a conquered country. With this in mind, it is extremely crude, unwarranted and highly insulting to pour forth the anti-Catholic vituperance Soviet Russia has un- leashed at Austria. Austria it- self is tremendously important in relation to the future of Europe. The way the Allies act in rela- tion to this "liberated" land multi- this importance. WELCH MOTOR COMPANY Sales OLDSMOBILE ' PACKARD FEDERAL TRUCKS Service Cities Service Products Pine Bluff Arkansas II Wade Black Florist 517 Main Phone 5490 Pine Bluff, Arkansas WE WIRE FLOWERS MEMBER F.T.D. "Black Flowers Are Unusual" ELLIOTT LUMBER COMPANY • / Pine Bluff, Arkansas O.K. Ice Cream & Candy Company The Home of O. K. "Purity Maid" Grade A Dairy Products Phones 104-1.05 721-727 Main Street Pine Bluff, Arkansas Built in a striking Roman basilica style, St. Jose ph's Church is the third structure to serve Pine Bluff. Dedicated by the Most Reverend Bishop in 1923, St. Joseph's was improved last year when fifteen stained glass windows were added to the nave of the Church, two small ones at the rear, and seven in the sanctuary, above the altar. The Rev. Thomas Walshe is the pastor, and has made many imlorovements in the short time he has served here. Chaperons, Gift Mo,00|:eys, Few of Problems For USO Washington. (E)--Two former staff members of the National Ca- tholic Community Service have returned from USO assignments in Brazil• They are Miss Anna Joseph, formerly of the NCCS- operated USO club in St. Augus- tine, Fla., stationed at Belem, and Miss Anna L. LaBrum, form- erly assigned to NCCS clubs in Anniston, Ala., and Fayetteville, N.C. The club they helped to staff serves Army and Navy men on duty at posts hacked out of thick jungles and connected with the outside world by a single train. The club itself, located in a build- ing over 200 years old, is sur- rounded by lush gardens filled with tropical vines and exotic birds• "On account of the intense heat, the boys preferred outdoor ac- tivities sponsored by the club," Miss LaBrum said on a visit to NCCS headquarters here. "Ham- burg roasts on the beach, fishing trips, and excursions to the inter- mr were popular, also outings to nearby towns during 'fiesta', where the boys enjoyed watching the native dances and religious Snack-Bar The Favorite "The greatest service rendered by the USO in this section was the snack-bar-the only eating- place in town not declared out-of- bounds to our men." Explaining the difficulties in en- listing native volunteer aid, Miss LaBrum said that Brazilian girls were unaccustomed to doing such work because of the availability of domestic help. Other obstacles were the Portuguese language, and provincial customs, particularly the ancient chaperonage system. "Very often a boy who invites a girl to the movies finds himself escorting her entire people," Miss LaBrum said. However, the townsfolk were cooperative, and, as a gesture of god will, often brought to the USO specimens of Brazilian wild life which they felt might make good pets, Miss LaBrum said. Such contributions included an ocelot, a baby sloth, and many monkeys, all of which were tact- fully accepted and later disposed of with equal tact.• Carrier Pigeons Useful To overcome the lack of tele- phone communication, the soldiers constructed a dove-cote at the post, and used carrier pigeons to deliver messages to the club ten miles away. Another USO proj- i ect was the raising of turkeys for special feasts• Miss LaBrum also edited a weekly newspaper, USO Gleanings, with news of club ac- tivities and local gossip. As there was at first no Cath- olic chaplain assigned to the base, the USO arranged with an Eng- lish-speaking priest at one of the local churches to hear confes- sions and say Mass for the Cath- olic boys. On special occasions Mother's Day, Easter, and ChristmasMass was followed by breakfast at the club. Heroic Part Priest Played With Filipinos Described Washington. (E}A dramatic account of the role played by Ca- tholic priests in the Filipino guerrilla movement was related by Pedro Lopez, Filipino legislator, and a major in the guerrilla army, as the feature of "A Night in the Philippines," held here under the auspices of the Travelers Club at the Catholic University of America. Major Lopez' address was preceded by a series of folk dances by a group of Filipinos in native costume, giv- ng the audience a glimpse of Filipino life in pre-war days. "Although the price paid by the guerrillas for volunteering to aid the Americans was appalling," Major Lopez said, "the choice was not difficult to make. From the cradle we have been brought up in the American way, taught to as chaplains. It was difficult to recognize them, he said, "barefoot and in tattered rags." "They were the ones who gave us inspiration and hope to carry on," he said. "With their kindly ministrations they lifted us from the throes of despair." Speaking of ihdignities suffered love George Washington and to by clergy and nuns at the hands aspire to the achievements of Lin- I of the Japanese, Major Lopez said coin. The Filipino people cannot I he had many times been forced to neip roving me people of the Unit- I stand by while Sisters were man- ed States, who have always been lhandled and searched for "in- square and kmd to them" m m " • Ic "m" ating evidence. When the guerrilla army was or-I '"One day," he recounted, "the ganized, Major Lopez said, young]Most Rev. Gabriel Reyes, revered were the first to volunteer ' Archbishop of Cebu, driving in his P0le00; t ;iea, London. {IC)--Mass arrests and deportations of Poles, particularly in the territory east of the so- called Curzon Line, are reported m a number of dispatches which have reached KAP, Polish Cath- olic Press Agency here, from in- side Poland• Twenty university professors, priests, students and municipal employes were among 6,000 Poles reportedly arrested in Llow dur- mg one week last January on a charge of having cooperated with the Germans. "The property of those arrested usually disappears," the dispatch said. A later report from Warsaw, capitol of Poland, estimates the number of soldiers of the Polish Home Army who have been ar- rested either by the Soviets or by agents of the Lublin Committee at 40,000. According to the re- port from Warsaw, "the Red army and the Soviet authorities seize all that is possible. They conduct themselves as if they were divid- ing spoils in an enemy country." Several dispatches indicate that the social reorganization of Po- I land along collectivist lines is in full swing. Land of big farms is being distributed to landless farm hands and neighbors, but building on these allottments is forbidden and no fencing is allowed. In some regions, the reports indicate, farms smaller than 200 hectares are exempt from land reform on the understanding that they will be enlarged by the holdings of tenants in the vicinity, who will be assigned as settlers in former German territories. Measures have also been taken for govern- ment control of industrial and commercial enterprises. All reports speak of starvation and the spread of disease and urge immediate relief measures. Sov- iet armies are provided with only a minimum of food supplies, a dispatch from Cracow says, lear- car, passed a Japanese sentry. His Excellency tipped his hat in ac- cordance with the order of the day. Nevertheless, he was drag- ged from his car, struck in the face, and ordered under pain of death to kotow several times to the sentry before being allowed to proceed." Major Lopez is stopping here enroute to the United Nations Conference at San Francisco, where he will act as a delegate from the Philippine Islands. His wife and family, he said, are in the Philippines, "sticking it out in the hills." WE ARE SEVEN---THE O'NEIL SISTERS Dressed alike, the seven O'Neil-sisters of Roxbury,  Mass., arrive with their mother at the door of" Blessed Sacrament Church where they are greeted before Mass by the pastor, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis A. :Burke. The children of Mrs. Daniel O'Nell they are, left to right: Sane 12, Barbara 11, Diane 9, Maureen 7, Evelyn 5, V}rginia 21/.,, and Mary i2. AssociaLed.: Press photo. (NCWC) at a candle-lighting initiation two years been emplo$ ceremony, held the evening of office of L. B. Leigh Killed In Action On Luzon bers on "Putting Training to Work in a Philadelphia• {E)--Cpl. Edward New members inductt J. Agnew, former gridiron star of Morlonn fhnnt n JI Georgetown University in Wash- "'L.i-"I.,;'2Z - ....... , .......  Flllul.y, v mgton, D.C., has been killed m [gram Mar,, Evel,,n  action over Luzon, his parents T .... ' ..... " .  ,. h.r h... ^ . ..... ,:,:^. .. ,._ I seue uerKe, ana oole r War Department• Corporal Ag- "IVIer[can;;"-academ:--" new, who played backfield on --  , .... e y ....... Iupenea me lnlHaTlon me eorgetown eam, is me Ilihtin th .nal= fourth member of the 1941-42 Iru: ° From Trth . tl team to die in action in this war I be inctuete  " ru , :, : : , Cl llgnea CtU resenting Loyalty, 29 Nuns, 980 Years Leadership, Opportunit In Rellslon, To Observe lightenment. • • Preceding the ritual +mmversarles [Atkinson and Patric, i a, Quebec. ()A total of 980 years [ed Manuel de Falla s ] of religious life will be observed [Dance" as a two-niall by 29 nuns, all members of the ,[and Vivian Ward can community of Good Shepherd of [Glendening played a vi( Quebec, here on May 9. They J .: =_ - are: Sister Marie de Ste. Co-'w / lombe, 70 years a nun; Sister orlesooro Marie Ange, 60 years a nun; seven nuns each with 50 years; and 20 nuns each with 25 years of re- ligious life. ___ Traffic Signals 'or Fish Fish are now being guided down the safest water highways by elec- tric traffic signals which pre- vent them from entering unsafe streams by means of electrodes in the water. Fame is what you have taken; Character's what you give; When to this truth you waken, Then you begin to live. --Bayard Taylor. One on God's side is a majority. Wendell Phillips. If any man will come after me, let him deny himself. Matt. 16:24. ing it to local commanders to obtain provisions through requisi- tions. In the territory east of the Vistula, Red army soldiers are allowed to send good parcels home to Russia, up to a weight of ten )ounds each, reports state. Nehi Bottling Co. Phe Bluff, Arkansas Nurses Aides Organize, Su J'onesboro.---Sunday, Nurses Aid Corps was by the class of 28 yoU: who were graduated Bernard's Hospital, the tion meeting being hel o'clock at Florence St on West Washington 2.' Mrs. G. A. Drake, a former Nurses Aide  appointed Captain of and other officers ele˘ Mrs. H. H. McAdams, tary, and Mrs. Charles press reporter. It was hold monthly meetings fourth Monday at 7:30 lecture room of St. Hospital. During a social hc solos were rendered bY Nick Gage and Geor$ and the entire group SS written by Mrs. Bur Miss Stuck served delJl J and ice cream. iesses on Garrisoz ore Years than thi v,cl in Fort Smitl 10re than a quarte , the little old la( a clasped hands, w tgth of the avenue, : fin blistering st Umdging through to worship a ) The Immaculate niSsion of worshi It. that one could *c1˘ by the time given place. Her s been the subj . one feature stor in Fort Smith. ever .interviewed t] my. She did not sario Serio Tom e little village of ( rch 7, 1862, is dead xor her Saturday an illness of onl ,erhaps the greate t Years was the prJ in her native vil : ago. Her aged oraburro, and rVive. " dy in ttle 01d ta husband, onerated t at 114 Garrison back in the days : It was almost Le cl .World transp Old couple lived .r their little bus S.a vacant lot next at little plot of g= WOman planted °fruition a bit of rees and grapevi Compliments of Largest Food l A Service Institution Jefferson Hotel & Coffee Sb[ Pine Bluff, Arkanms e Bluff, Arkansas POTI FOTI S "Seed: 32t 'ie Bluff Quality ! [ Pine Bluff ArkansS[00i00e, stoC:Ss h L 211 West Secm LAND  PINE Bl | Plants and Office at PINE BLUFF, ARKANSAS and MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE STANDARD BRAKE SHOE & FOUNDRY IRON AND STEEL CAS Pine Bluff, Arkansas ...... Pine BI