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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 20, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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April 20, 1945

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al I )mmil of by ,. Anthony Leral c.S. Ldent Nation has t Presidents anklin it was its Lee the time "away.The Nati0The PL_To My ] I Mv Is FRIGHTENED, BUT THE i y watk of I :_-,FULLQF 61:lACE q I ANGEL I2EASSURES HEll J r, for his in .E LOI::) IS Wm '/IV-mE POWEP.OF THE MOST - :traordinary. i EtfXSSED ART / r HIC WILL OVERHADOW THEE. ] JAMONG WOMEN.II [AWlLLBE C/LLED JESUS 50 trowed doWeL _ er want, n il//)) people, Pre, / '" ,red at once 4-_ '--' as far South has rea k..__,.,. ',sing away0 '-1", ,r he more tl /--'--'-/ ]=ident contt .-( stabilizat I fl n  !ice when tb  le nation ws e at once se w,A.l__. )n toward pr his progra as severely ho did not )verall pictur 'resident set I r and the& a truly hu le body. T rebuild and t a program t soil buildin s of CCC b .d up the tg W.P.A. I i contributed in the SoUl ri War aims, 6f which rm programs ,-i"SUrely the establish- in which : and lasting peace, eavoring to ]' and self-determina- .conomic sUeOples who fought curity Admi] -'*,," ailitation pr0J in wifich ill ,oor people tFE]  CUP es after thel 124 ed them agail :tune. Cont programs, a intended tel er. The di set up by t 'tainly helpe outhern far -in school; and the like f the Presidd human ante people of tht at Roosevell is spirit sh '.ome. His ic% Too, Wronged At Polish Americans Say 0Not only Po- against Nazi tyranny, have, been america has been thwarted and frustrated,' the e decisions of the document asserts. reace, declares the The memorandum appeals to lcan Congress in a the United States Government ' to ,a to the Senate of the use all its influence to promote in which six 'ele- the realization" of the demands maUds of liberty and presented by the Polish Ameri- formulated to ensu can Congress. "If the Soviet Gov- -'tions,, in Poland. ernment refuses to accept and am- 0Ods Obtainable k Cash, Mgr. Clark, Prop. i INE BLUFF plement these conditions we should repudiate the Crimea Con- ference resolutions as a contract concluded in bad faith," the mem- orandum suggests. The conditions put forth as "in- despensable" are as follows: 1. hnmediate release of all po- litical prisoners and return of all deportees to Poland. 2. Setting up in Poland of an interim administration free from Soviet military and police pres- sure and composed of political figures, trusted by the Polish peo- ple, who Would give assurance against persecution for political views. Permission for all Poles abroad, without distinction of political views, to return and take part freely in politiciA1 life. 4. Complete freedom of press and of political organization and agitation in Poland. THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 20, 1945 PAIE FIVE ......... I ............ ,. ,, ,  I ..... K Of CArkans-as Stc00bCouncil 1o Hold 37th Meet State Deputy, Albert C. Ernst, Announces Plans For Knights Pine Bluff.--The thirty-seventh Annual State Meeting of Ark- ansas State Council, Knights of Columbus will be held in Little Rock on Monday, April 30th. The meeting, this year, will be streamlined and of one day's duration, in order to conform with regulations of War Mobilizer and Office of Defense Transportation, relative to holding of conventions. Each council within the Ark- ansas Jurisdiction, has agreed to reduce its representation at the meeting, by fifty percent in co- operation with the ODT order anc the meeting will be held in Little Rock, which is centrally located and will reduce travel of those attending, to the minimum. The State Officers and Dele- gates will be the guests of Brother Leo J. Krebs of Little Rock, Dis: tract Deputy of the 4th Ark. Dis- trict and Grand Knight of the Little Rock Council, at a buffet supper in his home, Sunday even- ing the 29th. The Convention proper, will open with Mass at 8:30 a.m., Mon- day, the 30th, with the Very Rev- erend James E. O'Connell, State Chaplain as the Celebrant. Mass will be at St. Andrew's Cathedral. hnmediately after the Mass, the first session of the Convention will open at the Knights of Columbus Club, 609 Scott St., with State Deputy Albert C. Ernst presiding. This session will continue until about noon, and then adjourn for a business men's luncheon with Little Rock Council as the host. The afternoon session will con- vene at 1:30 p.m., and will con- tinue until all business has been transacted. During the afternoon session there will be a short memorial for all of the members of the Ark- ansas Jurisdiction who have pass- ed away during the past year. This memorial will consist of cer- tain ritualistic work and an eulogy by Past Grand Knight of the Lit- tle Rock Council, Harry Elliott. Election of officers to serve in the State Council for the year of July 1st, 1945 to June 30th, 1946 will be the last business trans- acted at the afternoon session. Little Rock Council No. 812 will be the host council to the 37th Annual Meeting, and all arrange- ments have been placed in the hands o a capable committee, ap- pointed by the Grand Knight of the Little Rock Council, Mr. Leo J. Krebs. Among the State Officers and Delegates expected to attend this working with representative Po- lish humanitarian organizations, to distribute relief in Poland without any element of poliiieal coercion or discrimination. 6. Free access to Poland for United Nations diplomats and cor- respondents and for representa- tives of Polish cultural and fra- ternal organization abroad, with the right to talk freely with Poles of all political views and report their observations without cen- sorship. The memorandum argues that there is no strategic or econo- mic basis for the Soviet claim t.o Eastern Poland. The Yalta de- cisions are interpreted as con- stituting "a deadly threat not only meeting are: Very Rev. Msgr. James E. O'Connell, State Chaplain. Albert E. Ernst, (Pine Bluff), State Deputy. Thos. H. Clancy, (Helena), Past State Deputy. Raymond F. Lambert, (Fort Smith), State Secretary. Ferd P. Splnnenweber, (Poca- hontas), State Treasurer. Jas. P. Reynolds, (Texarkana), State Advocate. Arthur G. Brickey, (Osceola), State Warden. Louis J. Bender, (Fort Smith), Grand Knight Council 996. Leo J. Krebs, .(Little Rock), Grand Knight Council 812. Jos. E. Aull, (Pine Bluff), Grand Knight Council 1153. Jas. J. }Iickey, (Jonesboro), Grand Knight Council 1702. Sidney Barnett, (Paragould), Grand Knight Council 1713. Jos. Etoch, (Helena), Grand Knight Council 1770. Matt Gschwend, (Pocahontas), Grand Knight Council 2443. Ha/e Wickersham, (Texarkana), Grand Knight Council 2650. Louis J. Selig, ((Stuttgart), Grand Knight Council 2780. Arthur G. Brickey, (Osceola & Blytheville), Grand Knight Coun- cil 2857. George Clark, Stuttgart, Gen- eral Agent, Insurance Dept. FREEDOMS (Continued from page 1) that two strong essentially incom- patible ways of life will divide the loyalties of men and nations in the political world of tomor- row." These are "genuine democ- racy and Marxian totalitarianism," they add. Declaring that genuine democracy must constantly be on guard and quick to detect and penetrate the camouflage of Marxian totalitarianism, the Bish- ops say: "Democracy's bulwark is reli- gion, and justice is its watchword. We entered this war to defend our democracy. It is our solemn responsibility, in its reconstruc- tion, to use our full influence in safeguarding the freedom of all peoples. This, we are convinced, is the only way to an enduring peace." "We fail to see," the Bishops state, "that tle voting procedure in tile Security Council agreed upon at Yalta is consistent with the sovereign equality of peace- loving nations recognized as basic in the Dumbarton Oaks proposals." They add that it is imperative that the international organization have authority "to make changes in the peace settlements and other i treaties which, in view of past mistakes or changed conditions, may be required." The Bishops say "the nations should adopt an Inter-nation Bill of RiShts, in which men and groups everywhere.would be guar- r00utnt.oal " / 00t-I When war elme /o Poland. Paderewski laid aside hla mull and took I ' ' " ,in active hand in affairs of state After the war he became Poland's I ............. prime minister. ' , i ,,.o, +ono+ .om++ alm,M. . M tO[KtW$1q'3 J [ $HO/,/ OlD FREE POLADID l ".A, eROtT ttS 0 BUT YOU IT{ER 5TRUGCLEI I - 7wANr HER_ LIBERW{OR P I . L IE- t:oK KtC0Cttirt I I bF.EhBE, Iq19 - -  COUbITfAY ". - ]. (TTLIibl TO WAS NLoL Y I Ttt E P0PL ASK ON W L_ }S _ _ )/_E.ll. R "]% 'fOUR LISlC - , ......................... uK ]o 0LO./--AND PO |O THE R T "J'f'27" POLIhH I IIJ)ZU Ks;G. ALE m r0m+ PAPUAtlEhlT I ltxou. CA+IN[[. ('( -- y CELEKATO./ I i I lip 1 " 2 --"   IN nE II I| .%. '),7.-" ,'I IULEO PADEREWSKI. YEAN'I II II(.,lr,/i AFTER YEAR li,l'C6bi, i'd, .[.Lli I FilCH AID POO ALIKE HE PLAYED. )EATH ROlSISF..O HIR OF IME. HELENA BUT ICNAE WA% NOT ALONE, ANTONINA TttE LrrrLE 51SrER FROVI WHOI HF. AD BEEN PARATED FORTY YEARS. CAPqE TO L*vE /ITH HIM. ANDWItIE Hi GOLOEN tlNR TUPNED TO 31LVER bile WATCHED OVER HII YIAING IT POSb=BLE FOP, ttll'l TO 0 ON CIVlNC GLORIOUS IVlUSl( TO THE WOKLD, ARI5 o0. POLAND, Polish Church Suffers Under Nazi Rule London. (E)--During the five years of German occupation the Catholic Church in Poland suffer- ed the greatest losses, according iagcd and others turned into mili- tary establishments by the Ger- mans. Monasteries and convents also were requisitioned and mem- bers of religious communities, men and women, were deported to forced labor or concentration camps. There were 20 ecclesiastical seminaries in Poland prior to the war, the report said, and only two of these remain. Theological schools and other institutions of higher learning, KAP states, were closed and all Catholic organiza- tions disbanded. About 400 ciies and towns in the United States hre name d af- ter saints. RIVERSIDE CAFE trolt' in ofthethefi  5. A free hand for the UNRRA to Poland's eastern frontier, but anteed the full enjoyment of their to KAP, Polish Catholic Press human ant to Poland's independent exist- human rights," and that accept- ence," for "the legitimate Polish ance of this Bill be mad Agency here. Here in tB Gvernmenttin wLnd% e l:aa st ]quisite to partici;ation in eth [3  Prior to the war, KAP states, ',h to remirl rP  . " " aside withe P - l tr-+:^--, r-aniza +:- mh,, there were 45 Bishops in Poland. est in hume, tpp pnon MARKET tion. , Icali'tlesolution of"ut'le Po']'ish Nine died, while others were in, 'ograms anal .,,v vv, ,A  I question agreed upon in the Cram- ,+.ernea in prisons ana concentra- continue a better Souti .........  ...... ' Jean Conference "a" disappoint- tlon camps. In the.,pre-wardays esident Ro0 " Ou+it lyxain ou'ee . i[ Z lment to all who had built their mere were approximaeiy ,%uuu e Blur@ Arkansas  I I ...... we .... +, .u I,, to death, while 3,000 others were rmer's frie   I , ...... +he Atl-+- r,.+^,, priests, of whom 1,000 were shot -. ney also say ' ......... " rr s  i Ill t I the ominous silence of the Three . . a e ted or deported, the report I  I Great Powers on Lithuania, smes. - 1 i i I r r I ' & i I l Esthonia and Latvia." All religious life has been disor- ' .  I  # %1II,,,IXI%1 II I Ihope "that our Government will theNam occupation only six .Bish-  t a, Ml-Ill .a.N l[ The statement expresses the ganized: it is reported. During ,^_ _ _ _ I l l ldischarge its full responsibility in were allowed to remain in turplp Pl l IMRIN lqO_ I I [  reestablishing all the liberated na- mew ees, out their work was . , "urill "ll rl "uivui;lu vv" I I t ...... t J tions of Europe under genuine ' hampered and they were unable t rn I I II-  I democratic regimes which will ac- m earr.y on normal communlca- i O-y Wooaiaa, o 11+ 'gl I I/ lcord to all their citizens the full tlons wth the Holy See, KAP re- v., ........ , ....... I I  II%I II t I enjoyment of their human rights ports. } Wo_t 9,A Phnn_ 1308 I l l tiand open to them an era of pros- There were 8,000 parishes in ................ Ill IPerity." pre-war Poland and of this num- Iril. I' Pine Bluff. Arkansas lit .... .,llll. }l Signing the statement as mere- bet 3.000 parishes virtually dis- ........ ' ...... I / } [ l A U V LI t i bars of the N.C.W.C. Administra- appeared through the closing or .--=, | J #r| l five Board are destruction of churches and the l. II 'L..- -. " t I v. i, l I Archbishops Edward Mooney of scattering of parishioners, the re- ./l [Detroit, Chairman; Samuel A. port states. Another 1,000 par- [',-'.t'!. I |]  Stritch of Chicago, Vice Chair- ashes were brought to a state of . ......... ,. Ill }lman; Francis J. Spellman of New near non-existence. The report JAY I,.;UI-Im".Di , 1 i"  I York, Secretary; John McNich- said that many churches were pal- " " "I li lolas of Cincinnati, John Gregory rr,ena y I! i/Murray of St. Paul, John J Mitty John F. Nell of Fort Wayne, Karl L ,.  o o, II " Phe Bh, Arkansas [of San Francisco, Joseph F." Rum- J. Alter of Toledo and James H. aoma in'e  ouppiy ;tore I/ !Imel of New Orleans, and Bishops Ryan of Omaha. 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