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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 19, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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April 19, 1930
 

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THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 19, 1930 PAGE FIVE CARTHAGE, WHEREI This condition continued, with more I provisionally restored to the Dona- when politcal events of utmost con- occupation, which lasted from 426 tolhowever, were so numerous th MOLOCH ONCE REIGN-I or less violent outbreaks, until theltists were to be given up, and their sequence changed the history of the ~., t at little ARES FOR TRIUMPH OF]time of Augustine. Gratus, who as I assemblies were forbidden under African Church. A quarrel which [ .... , o6fi, was a period of severe trial, effective pfrogress was made and the NTLE EUCHARISTIC GOD jPrimato of Carthage was able to de-I grave penalties, broke out between Boniface, Count Rapid Decline; Pope's Faithfulness lnnai oiow came with the fall of Car- (C~m page 4) clare that "God has restored Africa The controversy with the Doric- of Africa, and the Empress Placidia The naval battle of Dec~mumm/thage rote the hands of the Arabs to religious unity," and Optatus, tists, however, had scarcely been set- i~!-427causedapenn'esssenza rest warfare. The Era- 533 destroyed the power of in ;Use(, of the Van-J having be en a [Bishop of Milive, who combated the tled before a new heresy, that of p g " Boniface a strong dals. Belisarius, the 698. had sects in his writings, are noteworthy Pelagius, arose to disturb the Afri- force of Goths; he in turn sought the the cities under the authorityViCtr"ofplacedthe |/c.h,~;..Latin elementsr,( . in Africa. . in .the a very disastrous ef- ~fri an Catholics. t I among theofmembersthose unhappyf thetimes.African can Church. 0ouncils held in ~12, ~ ,-~ : ......... nurcn seem to nave ais- -~SSl0' 1 of Constantine, with ]hierarchy 416 and 318 condemned this heresy, Vandals were Arians, and the result Council at Carthage, attended by 220 ]tion The Christian ieonl~s ~'min aid of the Vandals. Both Goths and Emperor Justinian, and in o34 a ]appeared almost in a single F~enera ~tht benefits to Christian-Brilliant Augustine's Era. and against it Augustine directed his of the controversy was that the Van- I bishops representing all the churches. |i~ho~ ,~,-~ ...... ~. . ." he African Church rent It was in such a period that Au- "De Natura et Gratia." Later his ............... ~o one vamsrm~ petal; dals gained the upper hand in Africa lissued a decree forbiddin~ the "~ublic ! ........ ~ - ' ~, ...... , ": .... ~. t, ~a~u ~nose WhO were no~ stain or made s, schisms and here- gustine was born. When in ~70, at "Do Predestinatione Sanctorum," ~uammus, an ~nan msnop, was pmcea exercise el' Arian worship. Heresies, (Continued on page 6) a law of 318 had de- the age of about 17, he reached Car- against the semi-Pelagians, proved in Hippo a year before Augustine, of their churches, thage to prepare himself for a foren- equally effective. Celestius, the dis- who had resigned in 426 in favor of Which they had taken from sic career to which his father had ciple of Pelagius, was excommunicat- his auxiliary Heraclius, passed away the sect was so owerfulurged him, he soon fell prey to the ed and driven from Carthage by Au- at the age of 76 in 430 ~7"' P " " It was able to convoke a time spirit which pervaded that corn- rehus in 412, and 416 the errors ofI The last years of the great saint, la Carthage of 270 bishops, munity. "Every circumstances," the Pelagians were condemned in a,which he had expected to pass in says one writer, "tended to draw him s " " ! . ;ynod of 68 bmhops who Induced the peace, were to see t hppo under mege from the true course; the many se- ope, Innocent I, to brand their two~ and much of the fruit of his life s ductions of the great city that was principal errors by defining the ne-iwork on the verge of destruction. still half pagan, the licentiousness of cessity of grace and of infant bap-Nine years ~later, Gaiserich, the King 1899~the students, the theatres, the intoxi- tism. tof Vandals, took possession of Car- cation of his literary success." The Age of Golden Scholarshlp. l thage The churches that had been Corapliraents Istry of Augustine's trials, of the fall As a result of the herculean la- ; lef~ standing after the invasion were [of this brilliant intellect into the bors of Augustine and hm associates, !either given over to the Arians or of morasses of false philosophies, is an notable among whom was Aurelius, Twithdrawn from Catholics and -~osed t~2'~v'~-~ ~ ~ indication of the struggles in which t Bmhop of Carthage, there issued from i to public worship. Although there ~~~ Christian minds in Africa had to per-i~ne African Church a flow of Chris-]were temporary respites, the Vandal severe in order to preserve faith and I tian lore in the form of sermons, hem- J morals, lilies and scriptural commentaries , ImTAI~ImHI~ lS0e Baptized in Milan in 387, and or-[which gave to it a true intellectual IIIIIIIIII~II_IIIIIIJHI~IIIIIj' ~i Dorado, Ark. dained, unwillingly, at the insistent i leadership in Christianity and exer- request of the people, by Valerius in cised a profound influence upon 1899 391, Augustine at once entered the[Rome. Aurelius, though not official- lists against every kind of error. He ly bearing the title of primate of took part in 393 in thee Plenary Coun- Africa exercised many of the func- cil of Africa presided over by Aure- tions. He confirmed the episcopal lius, Bishop of Carthage, and afterI nominations in the provinces, con- his appointment as coadjutor by Val-lvoked and presided at the plenary erius in 396, attended and impressed I councils which'were held almost year- his spirit upon Councils held at Car-IlY, and signed the synodal letters in thage in 398, 401, 407, and 419, and]the names of all the participants. fat Mileve in 416 and 418. In 411,1 But Donation and Sem-Pelagian. at a conference of 286 Catholic and lism had scarcely been done to death, 279 Donatist bishops, Augustine and Aurelius were designated as the prin- Phone 120 l cipal speakers for the Catholic cause., "-"- "~-------~-" The conference having been called by the Emperor, he had sent an 0ffi-I El Dorado Fish and cial, Mareellinus by name, to pre-[ ore, Ark. side over it. At the end of three days'[ Poultry Market disputation this official, as "cogni-] [tor," decided in favor of the Cath-] Wholesale and Retail olics.. 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