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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 19, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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April 19, 1930
 

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PAGE FOUR -- |l THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 19, 1930 HISTORIC CARTHAGE, WHERE MJ~)ODY MOLOCH ONCE REIGN. V-D, PREPARES FOR TRIUMPH OF THE GENTLE EUCHARISTIC GOD (Continued from page 3) were lost to Rome in the year 429, the glory of the C]~urch in North Af- rica must be ascribed. Augustine was thus fated, in his declining years, to See the country overcome by the Van- dais and to witness, pot without pro- test, the introduction of Arianism be- tore his death ~n 430. Tertullian, in his striking language, s~.ates in an address to the Gentiles written at Carthage..about 197, that although but of yesterday the Chris- finns 'have filled every place among you---cities, islands, fortresses, towns, market places, the very camp, tribes, companies, Ilalaees, senate, forum; wa have left nothing to you but the temples of your gods." 'If tl~e Chris- tiarm in a body should break away and betake themselves to some re- _._.__m When in Paragould pay us a social visit. PRUETT and HIGHLAND Since 1909 PARAGOULD, ARKANSAS II!1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 All Outside Rooms, Half of Which Have Private Bath. Every Room Has a Toilet. HOWE HOTEL HOT SPRINGS, ARK. Roof Garden. Cafe, and Private Garages. & Fireproof, European Plan Hotel $. WILL HOWE, Vice Pres. & Mgr. illlllllilllllllllllillllllllll!!!!llilll!illlilllill SUlIlililIIlIlIliilIIIlilillilllililillIi!IililIIJ mote corner of the world," he con- tinues, "the governing authorities would be horror-stricken at the soli- tude in which they would find them- .elves the Church m North Afmca appears to appeal to Rome against the schis- "What will you make of so many to have taken place in the year 202jImatical practices of some of the thousands," he questions the pro-con- under the edict of Septimus Sevcrus, usurpers. He su.cceeded in enlist- sul Scapula at a later period, "of such and it is during this time that Ter- in~. the support of Pope Cornelius a multitude of men and women, per-~tultian is able to win laure]~ as a de- and in convoking a Council of Afri- sons of every age, sex and rank, when they present themselves before~ you? How many fires? How many swords will be required?" It i,~rom the year 202, in the time of Tertullian, that the primacy of Carthage among the churches of North Africa datgs, and this primacy~ ha~ lasted until the present time. Even prior to this (about 198), there was a Council of seventy Bishops held in Carthage under the presidency of! Agrippinus. After this date there~ are records of more than twenty l Councils held in Carthage, among them those under Saint Cyprian which proclaimed the teaching of the Church relative to the lapsi, Nova- tianism, and the re-baptism of here- tic~, and the Synods of 412,416,418, which condemned the doctrines of the Pelagians. First General Persecution. It is probable that most of the progress made by the Church in North Africa at the end of the second cen- tury was due in a large measure to fender of the persecuted Christians. His appeals for tolerance were not, as those of previous Christian apolo- gists, made in the name of humanity. Influenced by kis legal training, he speaks as a jurist convinced of the injustice of the laws and the detri- mental effect they will have upon the growth and splendor of the Ro- man Empire. The second notable figure to ap- pear upon the scene is Saint Cyprian, the period of whose episcopate, from 249 to 258, is one of the most im- portant in the annals of the Church of Carthage. St. Cyprian's Hard Task. Like Tertullian, Cyprian was a convert, tie was baptized about 246. Cyprian had not only to overcome the persecution of the Church by'its avowed enemies, but to contend with internal dissensions much more diffi- cult An edict of the Emperor Decius, promulgated in the year 250, had been a signal for wholesale apostasy. It became evident tlmt the long peri- the fact that Victor I, who reigned od of peace that the Christians had as Supreme Pontiff from 189 to 199, enjoyed since the end of the perse- was himself a native of North Africa. ] cution of Severus had not strength- In any event it is important to note lened the ardor of the faithful. Cy- that the Bishops of Rome and Africa lprian deemed it wise to seek a place are seen to be in such very close re-l of secure refuge at the beginning of lations to the sea~ of Christendom that one writer is prompted to re- ~" ............ mark that "every movement of ideas, every occurrence bearing on discip- :lilllililIIlllllllllllllllllllllllllill[!!!lllillll Compliments of A. B. Banks, President R H. Dickenhorst, Vice President E. E. Mitchell, Vice President E. E Mitchell, Jr., Cashier .foe II. Irving, Assistant Cashier Harold Balch, Assistant Cashier F'IRST STATE BANg Morrilton, Ark. II]II$IliilIiillIlilllllllllliilI$1!!IIIHIlIII i ATKINS, ARK. BERgEMYER KOTOR CO. Direct Dealer DURANT A Good Car can bishops for the purpose of deal- ing with the lapsi or apostates. The findings of this Council were confirmed by a decree of the Roman Council under the direction of the Supreme Pontiff. During the episcopacy of Cyprian the bishops of Carthage exercised a real if not an official primacy in the African church. Their influence ex- tended not alone to Roman Africa proper, which comprised the pro-con- sulate region, Byzaccne. and Tripoli, bu~ to the other civildivisions of Numidia and Maurethania. Distress Within the Fold. From the death of Cyprian, who was martyred in the persecution of Valerian, in 258, until the outbreak of the Diocletian persecution, in 303, little is known of the history of the C. A. Pedersen, Prop. American Plan Rates, $3.25 per day and up. Sample Room 50c MARIANNA, ARK. Church of Carthage. A new form of of Caecilian as Bishop of apostasy m which the Christians be- in 311 by Felix of Aptonga, wh0: trayed their faith by giving up to the(Continued on page 5) civil authorities sacred vessels, litur- gical utensils; and copies of the Scriptures, characterized the Diocle-iiiii11111111111111111111111111111111111111111 tian persecution. These renegades, who were called "traditores," were the cause of a very grace division in the Church. The Donatist schism, which originated in the consecration HENRY DOWNING CASH MERCHANT Phone 244 HOXIE, ARKANSAS Morrilton, Ark. IIIIlIIIilIIIilIilIHIII HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PA -- m" Red Bali Garage T.J. 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