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April 17, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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April 17, 1920

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-j / PAGB EIGHT THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1920. i I MEET ENGLAND [ITALY AND ONLY AS EQUALS It THE VATICAN Sinn Fein Now Directing Its Energies Reported Reconciliation Is a Theme to Opposition Of the Lloyd George Home Rule Bill. (Baltimore Sun Cable.) Dublin, April 8.--Arthur Griffiths, Vice-President of the "Irish Repub- lic," and founder of the Sinn Fein, de- clared today that "Sin Fein Ireland has over 100,000 men, all equipped with arms and most of them posses- sed of uniforms, to continue the struggle for self-determination." He predicted that Sinn Fein's fight would prove victorious during this generation. Assurances From America. He suggested that Ireland would re- ceive greater support from America after the forthcoming Presidential elections and went so far as to de- clare that he had had assurances of this. From whom the assurances came--either Republican or Demo- cratic parties--and just what form the assurances took, he would not dis- close. Home Rule Bill. For the moment Sinn Fein, he said, was directing its energies to opposi- tion of the Lloyd George Home Rule bill and would "ontinue its struggle for self determination '"until Eng- land meets us as an equal." "What will. Sinn Fein do in event England attempts to enforce the Home Rule bill?" I asked him. "Wait and see," he answered, with a grim smile. "But this much I firmly believe, that the young Irish of this generation will see Ireland ab- solutely free." Sees No Immediate Success. He admitted there was little to be hoped for in the immediate future and feared that the situation might continue for some years. "We are quite willing," he said, "to meet England as nation to nation, but only on a basis of equals. The present bill confers no real power on Ireland. It keeps the levying and collecting of five-sixths of the taxes in English hands. Then, after the taxes are collected, they are sent to England. That is no home rule. It is not acceptable to a majority of the Irish." Questioned closely as to the method whereby Sinn Fein hopes to realize her aims eventual!y, Griffiths, reveal- ed that he is depending largely on outside factors. Irish Everywhere Will Aid. "The Irish," he said, "are now a world people. In America, Austral- ia. and in fact everywhere, the Irish will refuse to stand by and see their countrymen exterminated. Besides, we look to America for materially greater support of our course after the elections over there. , In fact, I have assurances that this will be forthcoming at that time." In this connectipn Griffiths ad- mitted that any, policy of force by Sinn Fein against England would be, taken by itself.,insufficiently to gain the ends sought. He declared that he did not see even a possible basis for settlement of the issue in the present Home-Rule bill. In other words, he said, the situation today is concerned. Raids Were "Military Acts." Regarding the Easter Week arson fete Griffiths declared that they must be regarded strictly in the light 'of military " acts. He asserted tlat the barracks burned were simpl. "block houses of a hostile army of occupa- tion.' ' As to the military preparedness of Sinn Fetn, he admitted that Lord French's estimate hat the Sinn Fein army numbered 100,000 men "was conservative." CARDINAL GIBBONS OPPOSES SUNDAY MOVIES MEAsuRE He Urges Fight To Finish Against Bill "For The Sake of Our City." Cardinal Gibbons, who has been watching with keen interest the fight in the Maryland State Legislature over Sunday moving pictures, made a brief statement in opposition to the bill. Several weeks ago, when the bill was" introduced the Cardinal an- nounced publicly that he is against l anything tending to cormerciallze 1 the Sunday. 1 When informed that Senator Frick had decided to fight the measure, the t Cardinal expressed gratification. Upon Which a Baltimore Editor Writes Interestingly. Not the least significant---perlaps, in some ways, the most important-- news in yesterday's Sun, (April 4) was the Washington dispatch with regard to the reported reconciliation between the Vatican and the Italian Government. Since 1848, when Plus IX was driven temporarily from Rome by the epublican agitation for Italian unity, and more especially I since the seizure of that city in Sep- I tember, 1870, by Italian troops on the i withdrawal of the French garrison, I tlm relations between the spiritual and the temporal powers in Italy have I been hostile, diplomatically strained, if not Temporal Power Hopeless_ The situation has been a peculiar one, The downfall of the temporal power of the Vatican created wild en- thusiasm in Italy, one of the mo Catholic of countries. It was not re- garded as an irreiarable calamity by thoughtful Catholics elsewhere. There !as never been any real hope of the restoraticm of that power; .and, though this has not been officially conceded, the wisest friends of the church have felt that the loss of temporal power was a blessing in dis- guise. What was lost in external ap- pearances was more than atoned for in spiritual, gains. If there was any martyrdom, the martyrdom has paid the usual profit in the glorification and strengthening of the martyr's cause. New Arrangement. The arrangement now said to have been made after these generations of feud is a recognition of the dignity of the Vatican but not of its temporal claims. A spiritual sovereignty is ac- corded certain courtesies and conven- iences. Nevertheless, the reconcilia- tion, or the treaty of peace, is illumi- nating as to the Government's press- ing needs as well as to the powerful influence of the Holy See. The Gov- ernment in return for its concessions is pledged the support of the church and the Catholic party in the Italian Parliament in its desperate battle with radicalism. Thus there is a re version to an alliance which states- manship in trouble has often made before, and from which, in the long run, statesmanship has profited more than the church. Stronger With Persecution. The fact is that Roman Catholicism has always grown stronger on perse- cution than on prosperity. Revohitions in government, in thought, in learn- ing, in science, that Were expected to blot 'it out, have ended by establish- ing it more firmly. Whether it will be benefited or injured by the conces- sions to the Vatican will depend very largely upon the use which is made of them, upon the spirit in which they are received, upon the wisdom and vision with which the head ,of the church looks out upon the modern world. Church and State. A reactionary attitude, encouraged by apparent triumph, may cost fr more than the victory is worth. In Italy, in France, in this eotintry, even in Spain, the modern churchman draws more .and more strictly the lines between religious and public authority. He does not allow either to encroach upon the other. When this principle is violated--and one church is as apt to violate it as an- other, if it has too much power, as we hose seen in the case of the Eighte- enth Amendment--there are breakers ahead,or those who attempt it. Delicate Situation. Those who regard the Roman Church as a great stabilizing and con- servative influence will hope that only good to Italy, humanity and itself will come from its reported alliance with the Italian Government. But it is obviously a delicate situation that de. monde an extraordinary combination of wisdom and unselfishness, oiP Christian statesmanship, of sympa- thetic understanding of the world of today. THOUSANDS OF SCHOOLS CLOSED No less than 18,279 schools in the United States are closed because teachers for them cannot be obtained, the U. S. Bureau of Education says. 1 "I am unterably opposed to tle lie NATURAL GAS EXHAUSTED? bill,' he said. "Tell them to fight it to a finish for the sake of our city." I The Cardinal explained his belief Ohio cities that have been for that a sharp distinction should be many years ciepending chiefly on made between Sunday sports and amusements spontaneous in nature and those promoted for gain. Open moving pictre theatres would tend to keep some people out of church and to distract the minds of many from tlie rsligiotm atmosphere of the Sab- bath, the Cardinal said. natural gas for light and fuel, now find that the gas is "giving out." There is talk of building plants for the manufacture of artificial gas, as in other sections. However, once be- fore the natural gas almost Ceased to fl0w, and then for .'.0me,: unknown reason the supply increhsed. LITTLE ROCKETTES The Poker Deacon. Dr. Savage used to tell of a good old deacon who had played consider- able poker befo he joined the church. The deacon was continuously in- sisting that has pastor had no busi- ness sense. One Sunday the pastor announced that he had a call to another church and as the salary was twice what he was getting and the field promised so much better a chance for useful- ness he felt that he must accept. "There," said the deacon, "I told you he had no business sense. That wasn't a call, it was a raise." Home Gardens. O, yes, home gardens are going to be essential this year. Even more so than three years ago when we wele digging up our beautiful lawns and planting spuds for the poor people of Belgium and others of ancient his- tory. How we did dig! Now it is up to us to get in two crops this year, if we would keep the sheriff from the door, and have something on the table within reach of fork and purse. We should be Sinn Feiners to the extent that our gardens "are for ourselves," and that we must provide for our very own. Life*s Little Things. Some one must do life's little things, The duties of each passing day, Which, doing, to the door brings A joy no one can take away. We want to do some great, grand things, But often wait and idle go, Dreaming the hours will something bring So we can make a mighty show. Think it not vain to do the tasks That Fate has given to your hand; Of one the world but this much asks, That at his, post he true shall stand. Whoe,er does Life's small things well Is almost certain to advance; Doing one's best means to excel, And opens to a larger chance. But, il a true and noble sense, There are no little things to do, For Heaven bestows a recompense On those who to their rank are true. The work to us by Heaven, assign- ed Is right, and good, and fair, and clean, And, though it be of hand or mind, Cannot be either small or mean. The little things in mart or home, In mill or shop, in hut or mine, Have over them a splendid dome, Illumined by a Light Divine. Thomas F. Porter. Note: We were wondering if Mr. Porter was not listening to Bishop Mo1Tisl when "he addressed the Sis- ters at the Academy on the Mount last week. His Lordship covered this same theme in a few prosaic phrases in his admonition to the newly rowed nuns, as published in last week's Guardian. . The Best Watch? Mr. Anderson, chief train dispatch- er on the Me. Pdc., says his watch read 8:05 the night the Union Station fire. Fire Chief Hafer says his read 8:24, the telephone girl thought it was 8:30 when she was aroused by the constant ringing. Somehow anyhow the fire laddies arrived in time to wet down the walls and save a few win- dow frames. Roof and contents were a total loss. As to watches, well! the most of us find Mr. Anderson's regulates our movements very ac- curately. We hesitated to place a bet on Mr. Hafer's key winder and as for the "hello girl" her wrist watch is ever of slow movement. What does stand out prominently, is a demantled station, with valuable mail and ex- press matter destroyed and as yet no one able to answer the question as to just when? How? or Why? GLORIES OF IRELAND St. Patrick's Day Gift. To Every Mere. ber of Congress. Every United tes senator and representative received a St. Patrick's Day remembrance. Through the Friends of Irish Freedom, National Bureau of Information, each was pre- sented with a beautiful green-bound privately-printed volume called, "The Glories of Ireland," edited by Profes- sors Dunn and Lennox. The book ontains contributions by the world's most noted. Celtic authorities, and is the .gift of Thomas J. Maioney of New York. .The editors are eminent members of the faculty of the Catholic Uni- versity, Brookland, D. C., Professor Dnn being an acknowledged authori- ty on Celtic matters and Professor Lennox occupying the chair of Eng- lish literature. ORDER ANY BOOK--BOOKERY WILL GET Ig' FOR YOU. 309 West Second St., Little Rock. PRAISES PASTORAL ' (Continued from Page 1) fathers, have never wandered' far away from God. Church .Can Aid Government. It is to the home and the schools and churches of all denominations that we must look for the erection of the protective and impregnable bar- rier of clean living and clean think- ing and loyal conduct that has held us in such good stead in bygone Years and now makes us invincible before the world, that will turn back the as- saults of godless peoples of godless creeds. I am glad that the Catholic Church in the United States, as exemplified by the Pastoral Letter, is showing such splendid and progressive spirit. It has limitless opportunities for good, especially among the non-Eng- lish-speaking members of its flock, who look to the clergy and church for guidance in their coming into a strange country and association with a new peopl. BRINGS HOME THE BACON $2,000,000 Give England Large Slice of World Empire. Certain small-minded cheese-par- ers in the House of Commons are ob- jecting to the expense accounts of the British delegates at the Peace Con- ference. It is asserted that the total staff of Britain on that occasion numbered 524, that it occupied five hotels and three other buildings, while the Americans had only one hotel; that champagne was bought and drunk freely, dances danced and that every one had a good tme. The bill amounts to $2,000,000. Considering what the British ac- complished, this bill is moderate in the extreme. When the British dip- lomats set out for Paris there were a few spots on this green earth that they particularly wanted to round out heir Empire. They may have taken a good deal between sessions, but no one can deny that they were strictly on the job when it came time to con- fer, and they returned to London laden with the spoils of war. And all l .for $2,000,000. of There must be some members Parliament who think that aa empire should be obtained for sixpence. Such pinheads should understand that a successful buyer cannot do his work properly if he is obliged to eat at a one-armed lunch and spend drab eve- nings at a third-rate boarding house. In commercial life the crack--jack representative of the house is re-i warded with the best in :the boss'l cellar and given a bonus  besides. No employer would think of questioning the expense account of a han who is making big money for the firm. As for $2,000,000, it was just about enough to pay for one hour of war with the British divisions on the West- ern front.--(Boston Globe.) COLORED PRIESTS IN THE UNITED STATES. There are at present four colored priests in the United States. ReD. Charles Randolph Uncles was ordained by His Eminence, Cardinal Gibbons, in the Baltimore Cathedral .1.891. Since his ordination he has been a pofessor in the Epiphany Apostolic College, Walbrook, Balti- more, Md. ReD. John H. Dorsey, Baltimore, Was ordained by Cardinal Gibbons in the Baltimore Cathedral in 1902. He was for a time a teacher and as- sistant principal in the St. Joseph College for Negro catechists at Mont- gomery, Ala. He is now pastor of St. Monica, Baltimore. Rev. Joseph Burgess was ordained at Paris, France, in 1907. He is at present a professor in the Apostolic College of his Congregation at Corn- wells, Pc. Rev. Stephen Louis Theobold was ordained at St Pgul's Seminary, St. Paul, lVl:inn., in June, 1910. He is pastor of St. Peter (laver's Church here. Fer Augustus Tolton Was the first colored priest appointed in the United States. He was ordained in the Propaganda at Rome, in :(888. He was pastor of St. Monica's Church, Chicago, IlL, until his death, in 1902. ReD. Joseph J. Plantvigne, was or dained in 1907 by at. ReD. Bishop Curtis in the Chapel of St. Joseph's Seminary, Baltimore, Md. In 1909 he was appointed assistant to the ReD. William Dunn of St. Fra.neis Xavier's Church, Baltimore, Md. He died January 27, 1913. OUR SOLDIERS ON THE RHINE The American army of ccupation in the Rhine provinces of Germany, numbers 18,000 men. These are,all soldiers of the regular army, not the Expeditionary Force. The total of Allied forces along the Rhine is about I00,000 men. HELLO CENTRAL! Give Me 1926 or 1927 YOUNG'S DRUG STORE The Store of Quality Ninth and Rector Made by ROSE CITY 'The Most Sanitary Joe Jung Pro L Y O N S C A F E, 210 W. Second Call and see us. Most sanitary spot in the city. specialty. Quality First Consideration. Special accommodation days. Regular dinner 35c. J. N, Lyons, Mgr. Bastman Kodalm Developing and Finishing. ,HEGARTY DRUG 01 MAIN ST. Haley & Ventilatin00 and All Kinds of Roofin00 Phone Main | CENTRAL Capital Stock ........... $100,000 Surplus . .............. 10;000 We are constantly adding new accounts business is increasing at a very satisfactory However, we shah be glad o have you with is our inflexible rule not to impart informatio cerning the deposits of others. I00XCHfllq,GI00 rIA][UNi]L Now at 113 West Second St. LITTLE ROCK, CAPTITAL and SURPLUS, , OUR ASSETS ARE OVER TWO MILLION DO] We make a specialty of investing same in first mortgage loansand therefore supply customers and estates we represent with gee vestments--We act as administrators and under Will of many estates in Pulaski and counties in this state--We will be pleased to you. PEOPLE'S SAVINGS Little Rock, Arkansas Open an account with / COMMERCIAL TRUST Formerly LASKER-MORRIS BANK &, TRUST CO. I Fourth and Main If Deposited in Savings Account will earn 4 % A Tom, o/ Beauty always expresses to the passer-by the with which it was selected. If you have an such a memorial, we will carry it to the last acordance with your desire. We are at vice for monumental work of any kind. No Agents--No Commission. Write for MONAHAN & 412-414 Wet Markham St. LITTLE ROCK, \