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April 17, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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April 17, 1920

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1920. PAGE F1V! and he will :s are carried d to a small is of helping ;o tile mission tel'. For this t[oweve r, th Lllat God has ocations in (lie lUlleh lllore a into fruitage. ing the ntis h, in turn, wi[ orable to the fc The Apostle one o}' its f send labor ND WEAKNt diagnosed tl .... ' al00C Persons of Note ys they feel( on the. missi( -- .-- ml | t Rev. Patrick J. Hayes, / time they reached the "sitter." Then :hhishop of New York is de-'lag din, there was so much contraction the charitable activities of[in those messages. archdiocese. Sometime ago/ The Late Mr. Stead t a survey of the institutions!once wrote to him saying he had o charitable endeavor, and i Ls published a pastoral letter odliness of Charity." After to every Catholic to enroll teat campaign for $500,000. ,e inaugurated he pigments idual note of Catholic chart- been having interviews with Cardinal Manning and Cardinal Vaughan: The former visitant urged Stead to join the Catholic Church, while the latter prayed to him to do nothing of the kind. If, said Father Vaughan, Jesus Christ was no. better than the rest of us, he did not see that it could mat- of the, the ]netropc stir the embl the disturbei t a survey of ( )n, the result 0 nforting to the ll with Cathol ng it was broti relic waifs and s outside the l were later off q L-Catholics wel s of refuge. of Cha.rities conditions th to devise me charity probl md New York new incumben r to open ane' r feeling in tl ed the following institutions That is not fir c amounts and directs that dins us now, ]1, e.With all other legatees if, in seeking. )n the residuary estate: ay not carry Slba, lic Orphan Asylumn of ;  . .aew York Oatholic Protec- narmnlt exre,t Vine -, ......... , . .i- " ent S l-iospll;al, luu,- ollIoII(IOUSlV in]l I-Ions e of the Aged of the co-operation lters of the Poor, the Cancer present mmIl!.ndustrial Home for the tndlfc::e f0' ?i!!Y; klH:s:tlal' C$2n5" nd quicker resU Cook of Freeport, L. I., rc- emes of co-o resy against pr ie body. But tt l of the wis'dm! lic for(;es: it ill! livine institutiO strietions and ' bodies cannot' mn ller diocesalll cultivation M rham. He selected three or comment and criticism. %th heretofore, t 8pil:itu dy in, c,ltcd sell thlsnc :'acY :st ' ' .ion and ,% h e the charactet|t acee t " ' .|, P new truths ; see- ' tNritualism is "neither ir- . Or . . 1! unChrlstmn,, thnd, and me foundatm [u " ; " (ions that flo [' s of aR ' that the alleged ......... l s of the departed, "espec- (1 nla m nls . ter d '- ,, " ., , ., ,. u/i : eath, corresponos l at least b " app,, ............. Y ' YJiia ple off, one caS ,Vould seem to deny the :inn in unison [ n. Resurrection without -.. ..... -..A_ [," ath is vain," and from - me Evangelists Our ;,s or tl ;tier, using ar it..abundantly clear that ehiar school sv,'.eth, more than mere , than to have^asked even, "Have you supported sel. eat?,, and partook of ed to#[' i nd honeycomb before *'*'i#{*. e showed His hands and ZLZU uYing. ,, " " t i[o " A sprat hath no sandal, nes a you see Me to ? e been led to view of using the night receive )rces blended, fleeted pai'isie! of their intenS eing that relic 4 h at foundati0! s Of the Catholl f the Unificati! ing from Catl! diocesan pOwe: sort of a supe try. Is the co LpOn heavenly ' rity is not God, and God not ].tcr an old shoe string whether one writes the Archbisho 'the kept inside or outside His Church In P  ' . . ight wisely abandon the Spiritualism there was no place for :harity to secular organiza- belief in the Divinity of Christ Father Octal service, or to civic and Vaughan contended that up to now aXcies of pubhc" welfare. But .spirits, or the mediums in their use, h has a grace, a blessing, a had had little to communicate from Christ in His presence and the other side calculated to interest that the unlimited wealth anyone but some second housemaid or ces of philanthropic found- gossiping crony in the provinces. As governmental grants can- yet spirits had not even solved the or provide, problem as to what was a smline or clarity, of its.own nat- what a new-laid-egg. S)iritualism s for efficiency and seeks[ was no "new revelation," not even a a harmony with all other "new craze" but the old necromancy 'or the" common good of the camouflaged by new labels put upon the city. It seems just it by men who in their own depart- r, however, that the rec0g- ments of science or literature were s for dharitable work out- not without credit to their om coun- ;hutch should be 'social ser- try. But one of the chief reasons 'Public welfare.' They can- why he strongly urged nd to the spiritual quality All Sane People Lan charity." to shun Spiritualism was that it D. J ar.roll might drive them insane. He h4m- recently in New York is the self had had most unfortunate ex- tholic layman it is edifying periences of people of both sexes who a0Ut. The following of his had been driven silly or mad by the en from "The Sun and New machinations of the very spirits who ald.', ad first of all posetd as friends of I. Carroll, president of the comfort, but finally revealed them- tlberone Corporation, whose selves to be friends of .destniction. Couhl there be anything more fool- filed yesterday, distributed ish than to hand one's will po'er over ,000 estate among relatives, to forces about which one had no td Public institutions. He knowledge, and over which one had no " West Fortieth street on control? To put your head into a noose and then to hand over the end 'of the rope to some unfamiliar freak or force was to invite that force to" jerk it, with the result that when too late you discovered yourself to be even a bigger fool than you thought. No doubt it was contended by dab- blers in Spiritualism that, like motor- driving or aeroplane-flying, spirit intmriewing was not without some risks. Yes. But Spiriualism was on quite another plane. There the risks were not so much physical as moral, Necromancy, like cocaine, shares of the Robinson I'rioped and closeted out your life. COmpany; his sister, Eliza- Quite lately he had read that Spirit- t, $250,0, and nX6ces and ualism was as quick a way to the fun- atic asylum as drugs'or drink. He aounts from "$125,000 to h, in addition to tl}eir thought there were quite a few whose ,e residue, arrival was overdue. Perhaps it was r. John Moran, S.J. not generally known that throughout ,e.sitate to brutal as a de- the Catholic world ,every. priest at the end of his daily Mass prayed St. news of Spiritualism which Michael the Archangel to safeguard me from the pen of the mankind against the wickedness and i snares of he devil, and to thrust down to hell Satan and all wicked I spirits who wander t hrough this world for the ruin of souls. The Catholic Church condemned Spirit- ualism not because it was a "new revelation '' for the help of souls, but because it was a satanic device for their ruin. ARCHBISHOP CRITICIZES .L-..---- (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Rome, March 9.--The Archbishop of Lucca, Mgr. Arturo Marchi, has issued a Pastoral Letter to his clergy which has. aroused much discussion in Italy. The Archbishop says we live in an age when every man thinks himself able to judge of all problems, both social, religious and political as well, or better, than those who have made a life study of the different subjects. tsht At the head of this society, which Preacher warned his is not an infant civilization for which d by their Chureh, there might be excuses, are those who t.nsstently condemned any alternate between firmness and weak- h-" p achces calculated to ness, forswear true principles and are "ag content to obtain something of which Physical, mental and they will concede nothing. It is an '- age which has triumphed over liberty teraartl Vaughan, S.J. by taking it from everyone, which yet . Inglish Jesuit who will I considers it waste of time to obey and ,,eva at" tulle- g' . les of Spirituahsm the best reason for not doing so be- uagea" In a recent ser-' cause "I think differently"; so that '. large audience in a we have arrived at the triumph of the ' tighten, what was the :'th.Churchtui which had Culte of Incompetence. The Archbishop is noted for his ualtsm for 2000 years: austerity of outlook, and his plain- 5ciency is en.2 whoh' hody {:aed it because, while spokedness, which he exercised recent- s that to be  di 'n the Communion of ly at a luncheon iven by General t'0}01n: not believe in what l Brtusati !at Viareggia in honor of the )Urr nationalPerfeCtchl| p11!' reunion with,4, devils. By Duke of Genoa, at which he was pres- :. e:atmtion, he himself ent. founded by the|  re that the only spirits It isrelated of Mgr. Marchi that he" ;trength, lut i#| :r.,ateh over from the'has in his bedroom two photographs, SS, as the sa., el nt human, but sa- one 'a portrait of himself in full ponti- mstly varied cq,- aey must give spirits ficals, and the Other a, photo of a fly knit unit tll d'"g s clevel- in personat- skeleton, also in pontificals, with a as music hall artists the mitre on its skull. Under the first is world. That [, -,u([ an e' aUghan e written "Mgr. Marchitoday," and so than So,:;;$he_ . "nt on to say our een bit by. the .|iaapossih , - orld, it' a, ..... |1  .)pte to know. what  Pon them by the t under the cond, "Mgr. arehi--to- morrow." P,nular Bible Stories for the Children--BOOKERY--20c. FULL TEXT PUBLICATION OF THE BISHOPS' PASTORAL i ii EXPRESSES THEIR DELIBERATE THOUGHTS UP- ON THE PRESENT STATE OF RELIGION, UPON ITS NEEDS AND ITS ABUNDANT RESOURCES AND ITS SIGNIFIGANCE IN THE AFFAIRS OF MEN AND NATIONS. With this issue The Guardian presents tlc'sixth install- n]ent eL' the Bishops' Pastoral letter ill full text and shall con- tinue the same from week to week until tliis wholesome and timely letter becomes a part in the intelligence and the zeal of the Guardian readers. Books of Interest From Father Duffy to G. K. Chesl belief that it would not take long for teon is not such a far cry when an England with Chestertons to bring both consider the same subject, about a solution of the Irish problem, There's a oneness of opinion, almost, difficult as he admits it to be." when the topic is Ireland, and while George A. Cel and G. K. Chester- Father Duffy's allegiance to Erin is: ton through the power of tleir pens betrayed in Father bully's story, G. have done a splendid w,ork in helping K. Chester(on allows his to be known:a prejudiced public obtain a ,correct in "h'ish Impressions." view of the Irish situation. The opinion of the Springfiehi Re- C. publican might be shared in all its entirely with our readers. This is "RECONSTRUCTION VIRTUES" what it has to say of "h-ish Impres- By Thomas F. Burke, C. S. P, T '  s r  * t 6g x i(lilg and r( ceiving it nn(h ]" Catholic auspi(.( s Wouhl that ,, . " ............ I ulnlne(l up, nls impressions are ev(,n now, as'," we trust will" .:surely. come, . to pass's ...... in the I'Ll(LIFe, that En gland's rule m" that country the work of education were so ordered and established that lahvays has been marked by muddle- . i ,r ,, o Catholic ,leulellt I headedness and an ahnost nmaculous Catholic youth liht t)roc((xl t!ro]n ur ' "; t a "V[ "" ' "" . ' .... " abilit, to do the wren i schools to Cathohc schools ot: hzgher grade and m these attain w zs  g th ng at thc - . ,, -r.v" , , ,- -, . .  I o" t possible time. H grants the the obiect of their (lesires ( I hlrct t-]enarv uouncll" crs an(zl . . " - ' :_ ..... . : _  .... i best of mtentmns on many occamons, ])ecrees, 208). q/his wish and ideal of our pre(wcessors, in a but the results of these rove an in gratifying measure, has been realized through the establish-]abnity to grasp the real s'ituation and ment of Catholic high schools and the develoImlent of our lto understand thc temperament of a , , r r   r, , hsgh spmted people Catholic coll(g(.s, l hcsc imp( more than doubhxl i] nunfl)el';] " '" , ,  ' o " .... , " , ," u I'urning to the other Side of the th(y liar(, enlarged th(n" ta(qhtl(s and ad.]usted th( u' course.] . , , ,, , ' , . ,. ,!picture, he has strong criticism for tO lllOtier]l reql.llre,]ilelltS )'e eon'l'a[ulate [IlPII, (Ill'COffers a]l(tl ..... , ....... o .... . Ine exremls;s In lreland veno Ianeu t(,aehers, and with them we see in the present condition of then ] at the opening of the war to throw institutions, the possil)ility an(1 the promise of further achieve.- themselves whole heartedly into the] lltent ill accordalmc with their own aspirations, lallied cause, and whose burning ]n educational progress, the teacher's qualilication is the memories of past wrongs caused vital (qemclt. ' " lhs is nlanifestly true of (lie Catholic gchool, them to hold aloof or appear in syn- pathy with the foe. His final chap- in which tile teacher's personality cont-ril)utes so much toward ter is 'devoted to Belfast, and here the huilding of character and the preservation of faith along the button is entirely off the foil; with the pupil's instruction in lcnowlcdge. 1t', therefore, the the author strikes vigordusly against stuns," the rdsult of G. K, Chester- Post-bellum days brought with We deenl it necessary at this ti]lle t(] enlphasize the. value ton's visit to Ireland on a lecturing them plans and programs reconstruct- for our people of higher education, and the importance of pro- tour. ing 'the world's activities along lines religious, social, political, commerciai and industrial. We were surfeited With a bewiklering press-slide of theorical remed for evet:y ill born of war. After all, our world sickness , is not a. new malady; the great u ar,, i mt left to us a fresh deposit of human woe and worries. It is for nations and men now to tackle the work of reconstruction by returning to the fundamentals of Christian civilization. Only upon Christ and His Truth may we build up once more the brotherhood of nations and of men. Rev. Thomas F. Burke, C. S. P., holds cleverly to this one way, in his recent book, "Reconstruction Virtues" (Paul!st Press, N. Y.) He presents no lined-out plan or program for ths or that phase of world agitation, but he sums up this chaotic condition of ours and call it "hopelessness," and aim of our svstem is to have Catholic youth 'eceive their edu- the stubborn opposition of the anti- proclaims its only remedy to be con-' cation in ils'completeness from Cathoiic sources, it is eoually home rulers, whose ckief trouble, he fide nce in and obien to God and . .  .... .  '" , ' maintains, is not religious bigotry, l the knowleuge o non. 'rnese are ne lnlportalll; all(l even ]]lOl'C urgelltlV necessaFv, tllat onr teachers t ........ ! ,, - " " " " ---'t-ut  a  " t  t z " ; " . . " . OUE l'aEner a case oi wna may De reconstruction vll'Eues, wl no SnoUI([ De [r[]l]le(I nll(le]' t|lose ]nl-ulences and bv those agencies translated into A'merican nomencla- ] which we reconstruct in vain. In five whMl 1)lace the Catholic religion at the heart of instruction, ture as the swelled head, I well lined-out chapters Father Burke I as the vitalizing 1)rinciple of all lnowle, dge and, in particular, Mr. Chesteon's love of paradox covers his recent Advent sermons, of educational theory and practice W(' note with satisfaction and epigram is frequently displayed. [construdting a new world life on the ...... He calls the Irish question more 'virtues of Confidence, Obedience, that our teachers are eager for such trai]li]lg, and that reeds- properly the English question. As Knowledge, Piety and Fraternity. ' It ures have 1)een taken to i)rovi(h; it through institutes, summer fo.r the idea that the woes of h.eland is a splendid little bdok, a hand book SC]IOOlS and collegiate courses under university direction. We are of many centuries ago, Mr. Ches- for real head work, with a conscise- are convinced that this movement will invigorate our educa-tertofi declares that this shows us ness especially adapted for talks to tion and encourag(' ()Ill" 1)eople, Sill('(' file work of teac]lers who what the English of each generation men upon a subject quite rife and are thoroughly prepared is the best recommendation of the school. W'e cannot too highly approve the zeal and liberality of those wile, with large amomlt or slnall, }lave aided us in build- ing' Ul) our schools. For what we value as significant in their a('|iou is not ahme the material help which .it renders,. . ...essen- I tial as lhis has 1)ecom(,: but rather and clnefly the evldencel whi(.h it affords of their spiritual sense and perception. It shows that they appreciate both the necessity of Catholic edu- (ation ' and the unseltish devotion of our teachers. At a time, esl)(,ciallv, I wheu vast fortunes are s,) f'rvelv lavished upon edu: ('ation ii' ot:her lines, it is edifying to s(:e our people either! dedieatin/z their in(lividual wealth to the cause, of religious instruction or. as menllers of Catholic associations, combin- ing their metals for the same nohle purpose. They, assuredly, have g'iven au objvct lesson, teachiig all bx, their example, "tel (lo good ,to be rich in good works, to give" easily, to conunmfi- cute to others, to lay up in st,we for themselves a good f(mnda- tion against the time to ('onle, that they may lay hold on the true u. (] Tim. VI, 18-19). THE CATI-[OLIc UNIVERSITY. It was the progress of our acadenfies, colleges and semina- ries, fronl colonial days onward ,that made the University pos- sil)h,; and it was the d,mmnd, create(1 by then), for larger op- portunitibs that nmde it a necessity. Established, at the in- stance of the Bishops, by Pope Leo XH[, it represents the .ioint action of the l:io]y See and of the American Hierarchy in betmlf of higher education. Like the first universities of I]urol/e, it was designed to lie the home of all the sciences and the common base of all our educational forces..This twofold purpose has guided its development. As in the Ages of Faith an(t Enlightemuent,, the various Religious Orders gathered at tll( centers ,of learning whMl the Holy See had established, so in our own (lay, the Orders have grouped their houses of study about the University, in decor(lance with the express de- sire of its Founders. ",We exhort you all." said the Pontiff, "to attiliate your seminaries, colleges and other Catholic in- stitutions Of ]earning with your University on the terlns which its statutes suggest" (Apostolic Letter, Ma.qui Nobis gatdii, March 7, 1889). As the process of affiliation is extended to our high schools, it benefits them and also provides a better class of students for our colleges. In keeping, then, with the aims of its Founders, the University exists for the Rood and the service of all our schools. Through them and through their teachers, it returns with interest the generous support of our clergy and laity. "By no means surprising or unexpected," said Pope Piusi X, "is" the steady and vigorous growth of t}le Catholic Uni- versity which, located at Washington, the Capital City of the l American Iepfiblic, hull( up by the offerings of the Catholic l I)eople and invested by the A)ostolie See with full academic[ authority, is nowbecome the fruitful parent of knowledge in all the scienc:es both human and divine .... We are fully determined on developing the Catholic University. For we clearly ,nnderstand how much a Catholic university of high repute and influence can do toward spreading and upholding Catholic doctrine and furthering file cause of civilization To ]lrotect it, therefore, and to quicken its growth, is, in our judg- ment, equivalent to rendering most valuabl( service to religion and to country alike" (Letter to the Cardinal Chancelh)r,.Jan. 5, 1912). To the sanle intent, Pope Benedict XV writes: "We have folh)wed with joy its nmrvelous progress so closely related to the highest hooe of your Churches . well knowing tha y6u have all hitherto contributed in no small measure to the try to doput the blame on their an- cestors for this troublous matter. Throughout Mr. Chester(on writes as an Englishman, but as an extreme- ly liberal Englishman. His handling of the vexed question inspires the diverly prated of in press and con- versation. Ieconstruction Virtues: by Rev. Thos. E. Burke, C, S. P. Paulist Press N. Y.postpaid $1.10. On sale at BOOKERY, Little Rock. (h,veh)pment of this seat of higher studies, l)oth ecclesiastical aim secular. Nor have we any doubt but that henceforth you will ('ontinm even nlore actively to support an institution of such gr(at us(.fuhl(:ss and pronfise as is the University (Let- ter to the llierarchv, April 10, 1919). :It is our earnest deire that the University should attain full), the scope of its Fmmders, and thereby become an educa- tional center worthy of the Cimrch in America, worthy also of the zeal whMl our clergy and laity have shown in behalf of e,hwation, lts progress and prosperily will make it, as the ] lob" Father trusts. "the attractive center about which all will gather who love the teat]ring's of our Catholic Faith." CATt[OLIC SOCIETIES. Considering the great good acconlplished by our Catholic societies, the Fathers of the Third Plenary Council expressed the desire "to see their numher nmltiplied and their organiza- tion perfected." That desire has been fulfilled. The rapid development uP our country provid(/s mnple occasion, even undm" normal conditions, for those activities which attain suc- cess through organization. Continually, new problems appear and opportunities arise to spread the Faith, to foster piety, to counteract tendencies whielt bode evil, either openly or under attractive disguise. In response to these denlmds, our Cath- olic associations have increased their usefulness by selecting special lines of activity, and by following these out wherever .:the cause of religion was in need or in peril. Through the I'hearty co-operation of clergy and laity, these agencies have wrought "good to all men, especially to those who are of the household of the faith" (Gal. VI, 10). They have enlisted our Catholic youth in the interests of faith and charity, provided in mnnberless ways for the helpless and poor, shielded the weak against telnptation, spread sound ideas of social and industrial reform and fm'thered the public welfare bv their patriotic spMt and action, vVe reoi(ie in the frmts (f their fell,wship, and we desire of them that they strive together for the highest and best, considering one another to provoke unto charity and to good works" (Heb. X., 24). q?he tendency on the part of our societies to coalesce in larger organizations is encouraging. It arises froi their con- ,sciousness of the Catholic purpose for which each and aU are striving: and it holds out the promise of better results, both for the attaimnent of their several objects and for the promo- tion of their coinmon cause, the welfare of the Church. The aim which inspired the Federation of our Catholic Societies, and which more recently has led to the Fede'ration (if Catholic Alumnae, is worthy of the lfighest commendation. It nmni- I'e.sts a truly Catholic sNrit, and it suggests wide], possibilities for good which a more thorough organization will enable us to realize. We regard as specially useful the work of associations like the Church Extension Society and the Missionary Unions, in securing the blessings of religion and the means of worship for those who suffer from poverty or isolation. The sections of our country in which Catholics are few, offer, no less than the populous centers, a fie!d for zealous activity; and we heartily encourage all project, for assisting those who, in spite of adverse circmnstanees, have preserved the faith, for re- claiming many others who have lost it, andfor bringing to our non-Catholic brethren the lcnowledge of our holy religion.