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April 17, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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April 17, 1920

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1920. Published Weekly by TttE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the) Diocese, of Little Rock. 309 WEST SFCOND STREET. Change e| Address &apos;When a hartge of addre= ia dtsircd the ubscriber Jbould give both the o|d aud the new address. , Correllpondencc Matter in(eude |or pul)li(tion itt The Gua:dmn should rrach IOt |o.ter thah ))A/edn@y morning, Briei newt)" col'repotldeslee always wclcow, The kindness o| thv cllgy tn tJ,ia matter "i,. cordial Ipprecia t,.*d. Veiy R:v. A. 2q,-:ter. O. S. B.. D. I) .................. Editor-in-Cidtq Rev., F_,dwatcJ A. l'Ianllery ........................ L out:zbtttin:.: Editor Rtt. Geo. ti. McDermott ........................... Managiug Edito, All onm,unlcatioi*s iIDout "The Guardian" hould be addressed to the Rev. (;co. {I. ..[clJer:t]otl, 3o9 West Sccol*d tieet. OFFIC1 AL A PI'ROVAL The Guardian i tim official organ of tb.e diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion m the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defnoer of tie reiJgmn wlfica we all love so well. I oxtend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that it eareor may be long and prosperous. )][(JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little l{ Little Rock, Saturday, April 17, 1920. ()I F IC[AI EPISCOPAL APPOINTMENTS. Confirmation and Visitation. Sunday, April 25--St. Joseph's, Conway, 10 a. IlL Sunday, April 25--Sacred lleart, Morrilton 7:30 p. m Monday, April 26--1)edieation ot! the ne Chur(:h and Confirmation at OH)(:la, 9:30 a. lII. q'uesday, April 27--Clmreh of Perpetual ltelp, ',:ion. On January 8, 1920, the President inti- mated as nmch, when he wrote to the chairman ()17 his party's National Committee: "But no mere assertions with regard to tim wish and opinion of the country are credited. If there is any dou/)t as to what the ])eople of the c()un- try think on this vital matter, the clear and single way out is to submit it for determina- tion at the next (,]ection t() the voters of the na- / liOll, to give the next eh,(.tiol the form of a[ great and solemn ref(wendum am to the part! the United States is to play in completing the s(,tthmwnt o|' tho war." This i(h,a of a l)h,biscite on the Treaty does not apl)rove itself to David Jayne Hill, who discusses tiffs subject in the current nunfl)e.r of The North American Review. lte hohls this procedure to be unc(mstiilLtio]ml. For the Con- stitution l)rovi(h:s tlmt treaties stfall be nmde by the President with the advice and consent of tim Senate. The Constitution knows noth- iv/ of a referendum in regard to treaties with foreign powers. Therefore, even in the event of a majority oi' the p(,oph, voting t'or the )CCel)tance of the unchang(,d Tr(aty, that pact v,ould not therel)y be adopted. It would still l I)ave to await the action of the Senate. But, you say, the Senate would then have to )'(,spect the will of the people and to e.ndorse he treaty! This is not the view of Mr. lIill. Says he: "Whatever the result of the election might 1)e, it would not aff(,et (:ither the personil o|)nviciions of the. President or of the Senate. Either might legally refuse to act otherwise lhan they were, /'eady to act before, and migl)t lWol)erly hohl thai the decision affeete(t only their successors. When the President was mutton of the worhl, as hmg, namely, as there truly the lt oly Father has diagnosed shouht live upon earth men to be freed by the of tl}e faithful. At any rate let all truth." The task is not linished })y any means; kaoxV that whatever moneys they feel for there are yet, according to the latest stalls- and would lilw to spen(l on the. mis,, tics, upward of a thousand million l)agans m may take to their pastor andhe will Ihe world. Within these latter ytars inereased means of communication between the countries of the world have prepared the way for a more (,m'ouraging outlook, indeed, the evangeliza- lion of the worhl seems within reach if those who ('lljOy the blessings of Christianity realize and live Ul) to their responsibilities. R(,sponsibilities? ]s it not enough if I save mv own soul? In a sense, y(:s; but perchance the s.ving of your soul implies more than you ,mag'ine. You understand that i)arents emmet .av(, their souls, if th(,y have n. solicitude alJout saving the souls ol, their chihtren. A pgstor ('ararat save his soul if he does not nmke the .-,aving of iris congregation his daily anxiety. In short, salvation (lel)ends on keeI)ing the two great ('(mmmn(tm(,nts of loving God and one's J,'ighl)or. Now our nearest neighbors are I hos, I)ound to us by ties of blood or spiritual r(,]ati(mship sueh as exists l)etwe(,n a pastor :,ml his flock. But, in a wider sense, all men are our neighbors, esl)eeially those in distress. At th(, present time, for instance, we feel it our lt)ty t() succor tim hnngry 1)opulations of t,'Alr()p(,. The sl)h'n(lid r(,Sl)m:s( of America to the appeals ot' th, Red Cross art, a testimony hat w(, realize our olfligation .t' h)ving ev(m ,uv distant neighbors when they are in bodily (listrcss. e (,r ater, however, lhan any 1)odily distress i,,' th, wretchedness of souls who are ignorant d)out and destitui(, of the nwans of salvation. St. Vincent, 9:30 a. m. Tuesday, April 27 St. Januarius Center Ridge, 3 p. m. WedneMay, April 28 St. Scholastica's, Shoal Creek, 3 p. m. Thursday, April 29--St. Ignatius', Scranton 10 a. m. Thursday, April 29--Sts. Peter and Paul, Mor rison's lShlff, 3 p. m. ]0J'iday, April 30 St. Benedict's, Sul)iaco, 10 a.m. Friday; April 30 St. Joseph's, Paris, 7:'}0 p. m. Saturday, May 1 Sacred IIeart, Charleston, lO a. m. Sunday, May 2Immaculate Conception, Fort Sinith, 10 a. m. S.unday, May 2St. Boniface's, Fot Smith, 3 p. m. Monday, May 3--St. Catherine's, Fayetteville 9a.m. Monday, May 3--St. "Joseph's, Tontitown, p. m. Tuesday, May 4--St. Agnes' Menu. last (,leered, the (:hief slogan of his party was: (!an it I)(, saM that w(', lov, (;od and our neigh- 'lle kel)t us out of the war;' but did that event- ually eontr})l his "action? In tim election XVOll with this watchword there was nothing that ('Oml)elh,d him to act otherwise than he might d(,em it expedient (o act. The constitutional I,owers of the (overmnent rentained, unchanged by the result of lhe election." Indeed the proposed ph,bis('i(e is a hlow at ::ur form ()[" government, rIJhe Fathers of our ,,ountry wisel.v thought that the welfare of the 1)eople was in better keeping it! the govermn(mt was a(hnini,lered by representative inen duly (Italian), ,hosen l)y tim i)eol)h, than if the p(,,,pli: insisted on deciding important issues by individual v(>t(,. Itow many from among' the voters of the lhfited States hay,,, for instance, had the time, lalent or inclination to make a thorough study af the Peace Treaty and all its I)oarings? Con- ('(lu(mtly (h(' result of rite voting would be largely a nmtter of chance or ()f the influence ')t' politicians. And--wtmt is not to be overlooked--should ;m unenli/hl,ned ,na.jority 1), snliiei(mt t() a,- "'('l)t the treaty in its unel)anged form, when an (.)flightene(l majority ot' p()pularf ',r(,presenta- lives hay(, decided against it? Who can enter- tain so prep|)sterous a notion? At any rate, th(, popuhr vote in favor of unqualified ratifi- '.ation shouhl b(, a two-thirds vote of all tim ('ople. "Howev(,r opinion may differ on this sub- iect," says Mr. Hill in cont,lusion, "it emmet be controverted that the control of foreign re- lations by pM)iscite woukl be an fibandonmont of the constitutional system now in force in Sunday, May 9 St. 10:30 a. m. Sunday, May 9--8 p. m. Sunday, May 16 Dedieation of St. Blase Church and Confirmation, Harrison. By Order of the Rt. Rew:rend Bishop. N \\; 1 r ]-I. It. rP, SKE, S( cretar 3 . Mary's, Hot Springs, the United States. ' It is right and proper that tl,q'e shouhl be / full and free discussion of John's, Hot Spring's, 3 wery subject of public importance on the plat- form and in the press, including the relations Which party is to Hooverize Hoover? Mean- time Hoover hovers. The fear of Moslem trouble, in the British 'possessions in India now influences the course o" British statesmanship. To keep India for England, the Turk is to be allowed to stride the Bosphorus and hold one foot on Europe. For purely selfish motives England grants re- I)rieve for a crinfinal Who has defied civiliza- tion for centuries. Yes, England surely won .he Great World War, and to her as victor come the spoils. Of course! We are not very well aequainted with Sen- ator Ifiram Johnson, butwe take it that there is a good deal of the real man in Hiram. He nmde this statenent in a late New York ad- d ress : "I anl for law and order, of course, m'd I't conceive of any American who, is not. The troul)le with some of these men who are preaching law and order in this country is that they n man law of their own making and then ordering all the rest of us to carry it out." of our country to foreign nations; an(1 this is necessary to the creation and expression of in- telligent public opinion, which in legitimate ways shouht an'd will exereis(, an influence upon h,gislation. But direct action, aft attempt to bind public officers against their will, to act in 1. 1)articular manner not prescribed by law. iv quite a (lifferenl matter. That is the sul)stitu- lion of a new form of government for one al- (a(ly established .... Honestly fornm- )  luted, th( ] r( sident s proposal of a 'great and o]enm referendum' submits the question, 'Shall the President of the United States con- clude treaties without the advice and consent of he Senate?' The next step nfight easily be, Shall the President make laws without the sanc- tion of Congress?" , S. I,'ORE1GN MISSIONS. VIII. Alre((ly in our last issue, llen speaking of Ihe various (lepartments of the National Catho- lic Welfare Council, we said a word about for- oign missi,))s in emmection with the Alnerican Board of Catholic Missions. N,ow we are about to discuss this subject more in detail. A re- oent uttm'anee hy Pope Benedict XV, which w'as also used by the framers of the PastorM !letter, will serve as our guide. i .$ ' ,%vs the Holy Father in his:apostolic letter '1" November 30, 1919: "The mission which ,.mr Lord Jesus Christ, on the eve of his return o th( I ath( r, (.ntrusted to His disciples, bid- drag Hmm 'go rote the whole world mid preach q)e Gospel to every creature'that office most holy nd niost hi,,,q)--was certainly not to end "vith the life of the Apostles: it was to be con- tinued by their sucaegsors even to the co_nsum- / I)o)., il' we are not (ouc]md hy the plight of the u)ffovtulmte oagans an(l do nothing' to conv(,y to them the blessings of Christianity? This (l;ought is express(,d by the Pope in the above- m(,n(ioned letter: "Ave (her(, any hmnan be- nW's m()r(, in need ()i' (h(, (.harity of their broth- ors ihan inthh'ls, whom ign()ran(,(, of God en- ('hains in the most ()dious slavery of Salan q'hc t!aithful who have-c(mtril)ut(,(l a(,cor, ling' (, th(,h" llleallS to |'l'(q |lieS(' Ullfortullat(s, t'i,i(,fly 1).v supporting tiw missionaries, hav '  ' TBEAIY BEFORE THE ?'HE PEA(E ' "' PEOPLE? t'ulfilh,d one ()f their most important obliga- tions, and given (led the most agreeable t[,sti- mon.v ()1' their gratitu(ld for th(, gift of faith." rl!h('r(' al'(, thl'e(, ways ]l()V We Call fulfill this inl)o)'tant obligatio n. The li/'st is within reach ():t' all, viz: to pray for th(, suecess of the mis- ;h)ns. A(,(,or(tin/ (3), a m.vst(,rious (lisp(rosa- ti(m (()(l, "who will hay(, all men (ob(: saved :n(l (o come to the knowledg(, el' the truth,' nmk(,s the realization oti this (rod (h,))en(tent ()n I:':(, ('o-()p(,rati()) of Ills creatures. Eslx, eiall. l,ray(,r is an ('fli,a('i()us means of drawing the I)(,n(,di(,(ions of (loll upon the labor of. missi6n- a)'i(,s. For, after all, man ('an only sow and watt,r, I)ut it is (Io(1 (hat gives th(./rowth. I hu: w(, have read that, while mmy missionaries ,vet(, withdrawn from their mission IMds by (l:(, war, the munl)er of (,onv(,r(s was not dimin- i:'h(,(I. Was if n()t because the er.v of (t)e dis- (r(,ss coming from the mission fields called forth lnore fervent prayers in their beha]t' ? "In (he ohl days," says the Holy Fath(,r, "when israel f()uht with the Am(,lecit(,s, Moses on tlm smmnit o1' the mountain with outsl)r(,ad.arms i,n))lored the help of 'ileaveu. In like nlanner, v,'hih, the apostolie work(rs- lnoist(n, th(. Mas- t,r's vineyard with their sw0at, C'hristials mffht to" give them the (,omfort of t'(,rvent i ),vayer. It is for this purpose that the Apos- Heship of Pray(,r has been founded, and we ,(,comm(,nd it (o the faitlfful, without excep- lion, trusting no ()n(, will fail to join it and thus, in bear( if not in dee(l, collaborate with .'e work of the missions." But ninny will be able, seeondIy, to collabof at(, in dee(i, nantely, the deed of alms for the ,nissions and missionaries. ,Says. the Pope: "Missions demand resources, today more than (,vet in face of the disasters caused hy the war w]mn schools,'hospitals and other free institu- (:ions were destroyed or'left without support. W(' ask all to be as (n(,,, ,rous, as their means p('vmit." t rant(, I)ef()r(, th(i war, was the most a'('nerous country for supporting Catholic ntis- ::ions. But the bur(h,ns of the war have re- 41 . ' !nc(:d 1 ranch, s capacity of giving, and practi- ":ll.v anihilate(t that of other European coun- (,'ies. llenee the turn comes now for America to be the strongest r.liance of Catholi mis- sh)ns. The Holy Father recommends the So- .i(,ty for tlm Propagation ,of Faith, whose .\\;nleriean h(,adquartm's are qt 343  Lexington avenue, New York (Sity; the Holy Childhood, whose aim is to secure baptism for pagan chil-', :,',m in danger of death; the Society of St. Peter, which aids in the formation and educa- ;,m (t'a ntive (:lerg); for the misiions; the \\;s:|),iation of Clergy for the Missions, whose "-.r))ose it is to enttmse priests for the ntis- sions and to have tlmm inspire their flocks with n willingness to support missionary efforts. :'1, u'e,,,ral." snvs the Pope. "the faithful are incllned to aid the missionaries." It is ineum- 'ent on pastors)to.give a scope to :hat' inclina- qon. PerlmDs if there wer e a mission box, like . poor box, in every clnlrch, and an occasional sermon on the nfissions, pastors would fiod how In spit(: of the remote, possibilit{es to the contrary, it seems likely that the Peace Treaty! in its miehanged form will be cari'ied before the people of the United States at the next elec- (he intentions of the givers are carri( sions is naturally confined to a small Fimdly, the third means of hell)ing viz: by actually g'oing into the mission a l)riest', hrothcr, or sister. For this cial vocation is required. However, 1)e n() reasonable doubt that God has (l|e se(,(ls of missionary vo('ations in lie Church of America nmch more tlJan we see them ripen into fruitage. he n('cessity of dev(qoping the mis spirit in our midst, which, in turn, a soil and atmosphere favorable to the of ).nissi()mry voeations. The A Prayer must also make this one of its p('(jtions, that the Lord nlay send label ]lis vineyard. OUl STRENGTH AND WEAKNI The youthful arehbishop of the archdioc(,se in.the world, the metro New York, has l)eglm to stir the ,ew light is emitted from the di., ]tis latest move instituted a survey of charities in his jurisdiction, tim result lms n.t been entirely comforting to imagined that all was well with institutions. 'For one thing it wan that about half the Catholic waifs 'v(,r(, car(,d for by agencies outside the To offset this, figures were later show just how many non-CatiMics taken into Catholic places of refuge. lay and (;h:rical students of Cha.rities Vovk seem worried over conditions obtain and are prepared to devise 1 Ill } )l'OVOll)ent. We had thought that the charity ) rat]l(,r sore f)oint around New York; :,hews th(, courage of the new ineuml '-(.(, when h(, does not fear to open anew lion (hat h,ft many bitter feeling in ()f a t'o)'m(,r discussion. That is n()t ,r th(, subject which detains us now, lint the (h,sir(, t() inquire if, in seeking. ('(]5 (,vils, enthusiasm nmy not y |u,' ('hu,'ch,nen to other harmful Th(, war taught sn(.h tr<'mendoustv 'cssm on the wisdom of co-operation t,,,l(,c.v which rules the present ),assion for ('olnl)ination and a craze (iVi,,. activities; where a unification :)i/lit ])ring i)mnensely and quicker ,ny ()))position to schemes of ,ig'ht ))(, ('hsse(1 as a heresy against (.l(im(,)t in the Catholic body. But ,,i('ms (,nt(,r this q u(*stion of the :g ('()-or(linating Catholic forces; it I)t. forgotten that as.a divine instil i h(,r p(fli(y, all t!m restrictions and (i(ms that aliply to other bodies eal sail)' ])(, apl)]i('(l io }iel" ; then her tution, which by intense cultivation (ira souree of hei' strength heretofore,  I:e so merged i.n any newly invented .onsolidation as to change the ch t ra, liti(mal government. Passing 9v,er the divine foundatio Chm.(d and the implications that from, it nmy he conceded that in this and i,) (,very other nation the Catholic b(,en weakened, externally at leas'tl by vsions wlfich set her people off, one against, at least not working in unison ")t](,r. We ourselves, have won ,,ast, ii, it would not be better, using an (ion to have one fine parochial' school by three or four parishes, than to [our defective ones half supported l,ately, however, we have been led to sonmwhat this unifying view of while it nfight be true, using the sm e ple that more children might receive  secuh.r education were forces blended, 1 a question wl!ether the affected m)t have lost something of their I,.v such relief,'thus reducing that reli c(,ntive to sacrifice which at very breath of the nostrils of the St) it is \\;viti ninny of the Unifici gestions whichare teeming from ;'eaus now-a-days. Are diocesan atrophied because some sort of a su is planned for this country. Is the ,(,ss of ohr dependence upon l!eavenly )(, wealened because' efficiency is l-h.qati()nship with tim whoh, b()dy throughout the world, is that to be I)(:,eause in the pride of our perfect ism we may mistake our national the exclusive instithtion founded bv t) nnion there nmy be strength, lut there may also be. weakness, .as the war demonstrated when vastly varied n'oyed the most 0ompactly knit uni ',ou?'l(t'.to dominate the world. That sophistical, but not more so than frgum(:nts now submitied to our :,yen by some who have been bit by. the (i()n bug.