Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 17, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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April 17, 1920

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A to uu that nothing is more de' ! that Catholic papers and !.t=i ,o ,hould have alarge So that ever)" one may i ' day good reading wh ch and warns, and strengthens the Christian virtues. ' --BENEDICTUS, PP.. XV, | Perpetual Misston-- | Pope Leo Xlll i "The Guardian' iu t every home--our Motto. | The Official Organ of the Diocese ot Little Rock, Arkansas ume 9 Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, April 17, 1920 Number 44 00ISES tre als ? )r PhSTORAL :EY PALMER BY BISHOPS' PAS- GIVES PRAISE 000RLI)-S-0LACE Ca Solace to Look to the Lead- \\;;f Godly Thought and Find r tanding Firm. exclusively for the National -- Cath. Wel. Council.) ,. ingon, April 12.wI have "th k )i" deep interest" the Pastoral [:f the Archbishops and Bish- Ltheir clergy and people of the e Church in the United States, tt that has 'been issued in the ___irty-five years, and ,was im- V:ith its profound thought tone. --]greeting from the dignitaries T';ChUrch is addressed' to their  .not only as members of the l,c Church, but as citizens of iUblic "on whose preservation re of humanity so largely de- i and its exhortation for them Jler well the significance of rec- tQ_:tts, so that each, as circum- r ,requires, may rightfully fulfill ,.tl of our common obligation, :1 lt timely'and encouraging to of- . |! our Government upon whose \\;rs have fallen the manifold f meeting the problems that ;en out of epochal events a Which the world has passed !i last several years---events ihaav: tried men's trust in civil- llIil d might hate dismayed their effort to serve but for aaPler and more abiding faith :4irecting hand of a higher than man-made rule of law or ,Sllaee in Bishop's Stand., eli trying periods it is always | look to the leaders of godly  and find them standing as ,: a rock and never wavering in astness of purpose that ce of the world shall not lthrough the errors of mankind. *o.Iote particularly the follow- ! iPh of the Pastoral Letter: Jer ay be the industrial and edies which will approve Jl to the American people, lt e, that, we feel confident, ,' ever adopt., That is the! )fl  f revolution. For it there is %l:Ustification nor excuse under i '0 of government. Through the .Jr and orderly process of ed-: Wrongs can be righted. .rganlzation and legislation, . Processes may at times tssingly slow, they will -ore in the final result than ,'i r revolution. The radical- .v Ose than radicalism, of the -'Veraent in some 'of the coun- ., brope has no lessons for the , i:,, rthe United States, except avoided.', aends Sound Views. ,! rae pleasure to commend e,._aess and clear vision of :7.s bY the heads of the Cath- .. fch in the United States. i orm with remarkable exact- :*rm ey. apply to revolution as a ',evils in our government to 1's. ins I have reached as a " atiaate contact ,with the cals and revolutionists in directed efforts to foment d against our Govern- :' Id to urge its overthrow 'else and, violence. i:itd s already on the statute ':: any futu4, e hws such as ;flY be enacted in the true ,ou. r democracy, with its e.Prineiples of the rights .i]tbl ' , a free press and order- :,. are necessarily limited alhes With which to reach " ith_ lism whose creed :hal_ use of the bomb instead i:.:: and whose warped idea : 00nb00dled lleense.  d orra of radicalism has .:. eep root in this country, 'l.'llf'enSive lropaganda in'  ..,sy times, is due large- .oUence of the Church and the fact that our ,:O,a'a m the faith of their  ; nued on Page 8.) "JIM" GORMAN HARD WORKER President of Rock Island System Never Allows Defeat to Follow What He Tackles. His Motto Is "Stick To It." Rail executives of the United States are an exceedingly democratic lot of men. Almost without excep- tion the president, vice-president, gen- eral managers, nd other officials of the carriers started out years ago in the most humble capacities. They began their respective careers with no backing whateger and only an infinite capacity for hard work, combined with ambition and keen intelligence, to put them where they me today. In 1877, James E. German, a 13- year-old-boy, applied for a job in the Chicago yards of the Chicago, Burl- ington & Quincy Railroad. In reply to the usual questions, he said he was not afraid of work and wanted to learn all about the railroad business. ! ,His job was-to take car numbers for the princely emolument of fifteen dol- lars a month. For four years he worked for the Burlington, getting his first insight into the traffic end of transportation and gradually accumu- lating a knowledge that became valu- able to him in later years. Mr./German, whose name has been linked with the Rock Island Lines for quite some years, is essentially a product of Chicago. He was born on the "West Side" on December 3, 1863, and as a school boy he was very pop- ular with his comrades and made !many friends with whom he has been closely associated all of his life. Mr. German's boyhood associations have never lessened with the years. Many of the boys who were Mr. German's friends in his youtl have also risen to positions of leadership and responsi- bility in Chicago and elsewhere. Ever Advancing. He entered the service of the Rock Island in 1881 and in 1887 accepted the office of general freight agent for the Santa Fe, then for two years was traffic clerk for the Illinois Central and in 1909 returned to the Rock Is- land as vice-president In 1915 found him as chief executive officer, and during the war period he acted as Federal Manager. Days and Nights of Work. Checking cars in a railroad yard in the dead of winter is not the most in- spirational job in the world, yet that did not serve to discourage "Jim" German when he worked throughout the short days and long nights of the wintry "seventies." In the torrid heat of summer, the job offered little that would tend to add to the gayety of nations. On fifteen dollars a month he had to feed and clothe him- self ad even with the low prices pre- valent in those glorious days; he ,never could have waxed rich on that pay. Took Delight In Work. / Instead of. being contented with such a small sum, with its slow in- creases from time to time as he ma- tured, and doing his work in a "I don't care as long as I get the money" fashion, the young Chicagoan made use of his time in learning transporta- tion. He took a delight in his work; in serving the company for whom he labored. He heeded the advice of other men, more skilled in the inner mechanism of trans-continental transportation, and when he was told something, he did not easily forget it. Knows All Angles. Mr. German worked for several railroads and learned to know the (Continued on Page 6.) ( WOMEN CONFESSORS WANTED BY ANGLICANS London/March 19.Anglacians are goipg ahead very fast, indeed. Before their church has adopted auricular confession generally they are asking for the introduction of women confessors. The excuse that women tdo not like confessing to men, only shows what an unspiri- tual view the Anglacian takes of what should be a sacrament. However, it is generally agreed that were such an innoviation in- troduced into the sect, as confes- sionals with women confessors, the confessionals, like tables in restau- -rants and' carriages in railway trins reserved or "ladies only," would be shunned. ! I I IIII III I I I I 'I Pope Benedict Blesses National Catholic Wel/are Council's News Service 'CARDINAL CASPARRI'S LETTER To the National Catholic Welfare Council: "The Holy Father has learned with much pleasure of the estab- lishment of the National Catholic Press Bureau. His Holiness most cordially extends the Apostolic Blessing to the service you have ip- augurated to improve the Catho}ic papers of the United States. The work of the American Ctholic papers has been most praiseworthy. They have been an effective auxiliary to the pulpit in spreading the Faith. The credit to which they are entitled is enhanced by the dif- ficulties they have had to meet. Those who are conducting them will be pleased and heartened by your establishment for their benefit of an efficient press organization in Washington, which also will have representation in the leading capitals of Europe and South America. They are now to have the aid which they so long deserved. As the news standard of Catholic journals is raised, undoubtedly the support given them by the Catholic reading public will be increased. His Holiness invokes good 'will and cooperation from all who will be parties to the worthy work you hate undertaken, to the end that it may be fruitful of the good results you seek to achieve for Church and Country." CARDINAL GASPARRI THE GUARDIAN'S INAUGURAL GREATLY INCREASED NEWS SERVICE Beginning with this issue The Guardian gives its readers a great- ly increased news service. Through the new department of Press and Publicity, organized by the' National Catholic Welfare Council. The Guardian will receive each week a cable and mail service from Rome, Paris, London and Dublin, and a news and feature service from Wash- ington. The department of Press and Publicity of the National Catholic Welfare Council, which will handle the news service, is in charge of newspaper men of national reputation. They .will be assisted by a staff of experienced journalists. All news departments, both abroad and at home, of especial interest to Catholics will he adequately re- ported. Moreover, the news service will be supplemented by inter- esting features on Catholic subjects which will make good reading. With this improved news and feature service The Guardian ought to become of more value to all Catholics. We hope to be able to report to the National Catholic Welfare Council an increase in su'b- scriptions as an evidence of material appreciation of the efforts of the hierarchy to aid the Catholic Press and, through the upbuilding of the Catholic Press, strengthening the Ca[tholic spirit and promoting Catholic welfare. Tell your friends about the news ervice The Guardian is receiv- ing and persuade them at least to give us a trial subscription. If they will do this, which, in the circumstances, we believe it is their duty to do. we are certain their subscriptions will be renewed because of thei= desire to have The Guardian regularly. CATHOLIC VOTE AN INFLUENCE Catholic Party in Italy Not'To Be Represented in the Cabinet but Its  Support May Be Given. Refusal of Office. ,Milan, March 26.The Catholic party has refused to take office in the new Italian Cabinet. After several meetings, and after the leaders of the Catholic Party had conferred with Signor Nitti a resolution was drawn up containing the demands of the party. The policy of the Catholic Party may be outlined as calling for: a pacific policy with all peoples pro- portional representation in municipal electioning and female suffrage, rec- ognition of all class organizations on all CommissiOns, legislation for lub- lic morality, liberty of private educa- tion, the creation of district chambers of agriculture, fiscal reforms with heavy taxes on profiteering and the exemption of small fOrtunes from* the levy cn capital reforms for the Cabi- net appeared the names of two Cath olic Deputies, Signor Rodino and Sig- nor Micheli, but to the general sur- prise the name of the most distin- guished and able Catholic deputy, Sig- nor Meda, who is practically the Par: liamentary leader of the party, was not mentioned. In a later list the ames of the Catholic Deputies dis- appeared. Although the Catholic Party has definitely concluded not to be represented in the Cabinet, it is stated that the party will support the Cabinet from outside.  The Roman Gionnale d'Italia remarks that if Catholics make the life of the Govern- ment impossible the only possible so- lution will be fresh elections. FRIARS MADE BENEFICIARIES x (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) New York, April ll.Bequests amounting to $4,200 are made in favor of the Friars of the Province of the Most Holy Name, 135 West Thirty- Fifth Street, in the wills of Miss Anna Mlaguire, who bequeathed the order $3,700, and, Miss Mary Tobin, who gave $500. The Friars are also to have Miss Maguire's residuary l estate. O'ther Catholic churches and charitable institutions, as well as several priests are' also beneficiaries of the two wills, just filed for pro- m bate. EDUCATION AND RELIGION Dr. Pace of Catholic University Points Out Needs of Democracy With Special Emphasis On Catholic Schools. In an interesting and instructive address delivered before the League of Catholic Women of Boston at Fen- way Academy, Rev. Edward A. Pace Ph.D., of the Catholic University, spoke of the needs of Democracy, lay- ing special emphasis on the Catholic school. After showing the several mean- ings and essentials of Democracy and demonstrating that moral education must always be its basis, he said: "What then, we may ask, are the characteristics which give /Catholic education its distinct position? Or rather, since you nticipate the answer to that question, let it at once give way to this other: What service is rendered to democracy by n edu- CENTER PARTY IN GERMANY Catholics Form Backbone In Era of Reconstruction and Hold Balance 'of Power. l A correspondent of the Catholic Tribune says: I have interviewed a government official here (in London) who has just rstqrned from govern- l i mental business in Berlin. His opin- ion is that the majority of the organs of the press in the Entente and Allied countries are missing the true per- Spective of political events in Ger- many. The proper focus of attention is not, he said, the Right or the Left; i the proper focus is the Center. "It is extraordin, ary," he said, "how most of the foreign correspon- dents in Germany entirely overlook the enormously important part the I Center is now plying in the mould- ing of the future of Germany. If Germany is to be saved from collapse it is not the extreme Socialists of the Left, or the extreme monarchists of the Right who will do it. The only party at all capable of doing this is the Catholic Center Party. "And why ? It is obvious that their politics are influenced entirely by sound Christian morality. I do not deny for a moment---I am a Catholic myself and have no religious interest in this matter--and so I do not deny that the Catholic workmen take their part in the strikes and industrial dis- turbnces, that are going on all over the place. Guided by ,Christian Principles. "But there is this difference. The, strikers of the non-Christian parties are utterly selfish in their methods. The-Catholic working men who are on strike have shown, time and time again, that they are animated by Christian principles, even during their strikes. "For example, they have volun- teered, when they have been on strike to see that the hospitals did not suf- fer by reason of the strike. They have seen that supplies of coal, ice, milk, and other vital necessities, have been forthcoming: They have realized their duty toward their fellow me, whilst' my observation shows me that the strikers of Red proclivities have shown an utter lack of these humane sentiments. Catholics Prevented Bolshevism "Again, the Center, and by that I mean the Catholic body as a whole in Germany, has without fail shown it- self to be on the side of law and order. There have been serious disturbances. but the consequences would have been calamitous had it not been for the enormously restraining influence of the Catholics. And of this, hardly a word leaks out into the press outside of Germany. Indeed, even at home, there is sufficient interest to sup- press a good deal of what the coun- try owes to the Catholics." PER CENT OF PUPILS DEFECTIVE Medical examination of Chicago cation which bases morality upon re- ligion? 40,000"sehool children shows that 75 The Highest Authority. . percent, are "defective." In 95 per "The recognition of the right which l cent. of these c,,es the defects are another osses es zs f above the neck Bad zeen ann p s " o more practical/ . import according as that right is ac-[poor nounshme,n,t re the most. com- mon rouotes we are rymg o re- !knowledged to be of higher origin. " ' I may respect your right simply be duce this high average," Superinten- cause you are a human being, or be" ! dent Mortenson says. "A sick or suf- cause you are a fellow-citizen, or be'- fering child cannot do his work well." cause the law which perfects men pro- tects you also. But a far greater value attaches to your right when I acknowledge and respect it as coming from God. "We may conform with the enact- meats of law because we regard them as wise, as just, as conducive to the public good. We may submit to au- thority inasmuch, as it is the safe- guard of order and therefore indis- pensable for our personal well-being." But when our respect is based on the conviction that the original source of authority is God, we rise to a higher view both of human government and of our own obligations. The Basis of Liberty: "We may insist that self-govera- ment is the right of the people be- cause they are free, or again because we believe that other forms of govern- ment have been tried and found wfint- ing. But when we regard freedom not simply as a concession from the State ,or as the result of a covenant between man and man, but as the gift (Continued on page 6.) w JERUSALEM NOW HAS ENGLISH DAILY JOURNAL (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, April l l.--Jeru- salem's first daily newspaper in the English language has made its appearance. It is called the Jeru- salew News and bears the slogan, "Jerusalem News Is Good News. '' American enterprise is behind the venture, W.D. MeCracken, with temporary offices at the Syri - an Orphanage, being the editor and manager, and a considerable portion of the foreign news col- umns being devoted to activities in Washington. " A late February issue tells of a great blizzard sweeping the coun- try, bringing SR0W to Jerusalem and ever *e foothills of Jericho. for the . .imo within the mem- ory . Imm. I I. # CHURCH LEADS LATE CENSUS CATHOLIC ASCENDACY I N UNITED STATES BROUGHT,OUT BY RELIGIOUS CENSUS OF 1916 PROPERTY VAL[,ABLE Greatest Catholic Membership Shown In Most Populous Progressive Sec- tions of the Country. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, D. C., April 12.Cath- else ascendacy in ,the United States is strikingly shown in the two v01- umes just issued by the Census Bu- reau on religious bodies in 1916. The religious census shows the Ro- man Catholic Church ranks first in number of members and in universal increase. The membership of the Church is given as 15,721,815, an in- crease over the previous census of 1,511,000. These official figures are for 1916. According to the official Catholic Directory, recently issued, there were, at the beginning 6f 1920, 17,735,553 members of the faith in the United States, which is an in- crease of more than 2,000,000 over the official census figures of 1916. In the census no other church show- ed nearly so large an increase in mem- bership as the Catholic Church. The Methodist Episcopal Church came next, with an increase of 731,631; the Baptist National Cotvention third, with an increase of 676,972; the Bap- tist Southern Convention fourth with an increase of 699,399; the Methodist Episcopal faith fifth, with an increase of 475,999, and the Presbyterian Chureh sixth, with an increase of 431,685. The other Protestant de- nomimitions trailed far behind. Third of Population Catholic. The total increase of church mem- bers in the United State, as shown by the census, was 41,926,854, It is thus apparenf that the Catholic Church has over-one third of the whole number, and this despite the fact that its total was considerably reduced by the emigration of Itali.ans,, French, Austrians and others who re- turned to Europe for the war. 'The Catholic Church now has 15,- 120 edifices in the United States, as against 11,881 in 1906. The value of Catholic Church preperty is 'given by the census as $374,206,895, an in- crease of nearly $100,000,000 in a de- cade. The value of Catholic ChUrch property far exceeds that of any other church. The Methodist Episco- pal Church comes next, with property valued at. $215,104,014. The Roman Catholic Church owned 22.3 per cent the Protestant Episcopal Church 9.8 per cent, and the Presbyterian Church 9 per cent. The Roman Catholic, Church re- ported 884 educational institgtions. (Continued on page 3,) THE CHURCH AND POLITICS' No Hard and Fast Views On Things Political and Debatable. Observant non-Catholics have bad abundant and excellent opportunities of late years to revise an opinion which they used to hold concerning the practical unanimity of Catholics on all questions, not nerely, of relig- ion, but of politics, socialogy, eco- nomics and live topics generally. They have seen eminent  Catholics ar- rayed against one another on such subjects as Woman Suffrage and Pro- hibition; and, just at present, they may behold another instance of Cath- olic disagreement on a minor matter --the New York Legislature's action with regard to the qualification of five of J Socialist members. We have seen that action unequivocally denounced by certain of our distin- guished publicists, and just as un- equivocally upheld by others. The real truth is, of coupe, that, ?n ques- tions in which religion is not imme- diately and necessarily involved, Cath- olics enjoy the widest possible ]fl)erty of opinion and discussion. As Arch- bishop Hayes tool occasion the other day to remind the head of the Anti- Saloon League, the Church is not allied to any party in civic, State or Federal politics; and she is equally free from hard-and-fast views on any of the debatable politics in sociology and economics---Ave Maria, Norte Dame, Indiana.